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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Understanding The Sexual Assault Kit Backlog In Pennsylvania, Kallie Crawford, Lyndsie Ferrara Aug 2018

Understanding The Sexual Assault Kit Backlog In Pennsylvania, Kallie Crawford, Lyndsie Ferrara

Graduate Student Research Symposium

According to the FBI, to date, there are more than 400,000 untested sexual assault kits nationwide. While this is a huge issue that cannot be solved overnight, continual improvements and changes are needed to reduce and hopefully eliminate the backlog.

This research examines work going on nationwide and aims to better understand the backlog issues specifically in Pennsylvania. Furthermore, the research examines a program utilized by the law enforcement community that garnered necessary resources. First, a comprehensive review of improved practices in proactive jurisdictions of Ohio, Houston, Texas, and Detroit, Michigan was conducted to identify general policies and procedures ...


Coverage For Obesity Prevention & Treatment Services: Analysis Of Medicaid & State Employee Health Insurance Programs, Nichole Jannah, Christine Gallagher, William Dietz Apr 2018

Coverage For Obesity Prevention & Treatment Services: Analysis Of Medicaid & State Employee Health Insurance Programs, Nichole Jannah, Christine Gallagher, William Dietz

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

BACKGROUND

Despite the high prevalence of obesity among U.S. adults, coverage for evidence-based obesity treatment modalities is inconsistent across states. The primary objective of this study was to examine changes in coverage for adult obesity prevention and treatment services within Medicaid programs and state employee health plans between 2009 and 2017.

METHODS

Changes in coverage were assessed by comparing data from plan year (PY) 2016/2017 to baseline data collected during PY 2009/2010. Data were obtained through an extensive review of administrative documents, health plan websites, provider manuals, subscriber handbooks, fee schedules, and drug formularies from Medicaid and ...


Rape Crisis Center Professionals' Perception Of Sexual Violence Policy: A Qualitative Analysis, Stephanie Manieri Apr 2017

Rape Crisis Center Professionals' Perception Of Sexual Violence Policy: A Qualitative Analysis, Stephanie Manieri

Scholarly and Creative Works Conference 2020

The purpose of this study is to collect information about the perceptions of rape crisis center professionals regarding the current policies surrounding sexual violence crimes that victimize people over the age of 18. This research aims to gather information about effective and ineffective policies from professionals who are first- responders to sexual assaults.


Measuring The Health Impact Of Medical-Legal Interventions On Low-Income Patients, Medha D. Makhlouf, Valerie Zolezzi-Wyndham Nov 2014

Measuring The Health Impact Of Medical-Legal Interventions On Low-Income Patients, Medha D. Makhlouf, Valerie Zolezzi-Wyndham

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Research shows that nearly all of the low-income people in the United States have at least one civil legal problem that negatively affects their health. Family Advocates of Central Massachusetts (FACM) is a medical-legal partnership that aims to improve the well-being of vulnerable families by helping patients address legal issues linked to health status, such as access to necessary public benefits, substandard housing, education issues, immigration status, and protection from abusive relationships. The partnership includes Community Legal Aid and its subsidiary, Central West Justice Center, and three medical partners: UMass Medical School, UMass Memorial Children’s Medical Center, and Edward ...


Using Placebos In Research Involving Terminal Illnesses, Mark Day, Ryan Hicks Apr 2011

Using Placebos In Research Involving Terminal Illnesses, Mark Day, Ryan Hicks

Festival of Communities: UG Symposium (Posters)

Placebos are medical interventions that falsely lead patients to believe that they are receiving treatment and that their condition is being changed, when truly no specific treatment is being administered. Using placebos in research involving terminal illnesses has become debatable. While a placebo could potentially give way to new treatments, through testing alongside a specific drug in a clinical trial, the placebo itself may fail and the patient is not cured leading to possible fatality. It has been found that using placebos in research, like performing surgeries, can aid in medical or clinical research and could help our society financially ...


Placebos: Ethical Research Or Unethical Deceit, Tawnya Schirmeister, Sabrina Crilley Apr 2011

Placebos: Ethical Research Or Unethical Deceit, Tawnya Schirmeister, Sabrina Crilley

Festival of Communities: UG Symposium (Posters)

There is an ongoing debate between whether or not it is ethical for researchers to use placebos while studying terminal illnesses. Within this debate there are two parties, the party that believes that it is ethical and the party that believes that it is not. Both parties have many valid points and have very detailed arguments against one another. When determining whether or not the use of placebos is ethical or not, you must first understand what a placebo is, and what the different types are. This paper goes over what a placebo is, what the different types are, and ...