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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Bisexual Student's Experiences With Biphobia, Lindsey Moon Nov 2019

Bisexual Student's Experiences With Biphobia, Lindsey Moon

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Research on biphobia is crucial, for it is difficult to fully understand the experiences of bisexuals due to most prior studies either excluding bisexuals completely or combining bisexuals with other sexual minorities. For this project, I conceptualized biphobia as the dislike of, discrimination, or prejudice against bisexuals. The goal of this study is to understand biphobia through the experiences of college students. This research utilized qualitative one-on-one interviews with six individuals, transcription of the interviews, and qualitative coding to substantiate the trends discovered through the interviews. Trends coded for include, but are not limited to, discrimination from the queer and ...


Women On Top: Sex Workers For Women And Couples, Amy Boone Nov 2019

Women On Top: Sex Workers For Women And Couples, Amy Boone

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Sex work is a complex and often controversial topic that frequently frames the female sex worker as a powerless victim whose services are materialized through the patriarchal structure of society. This is evident is 2018 public policies such as The Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act (SESTA) and Allow States and Victims to Fight Online Sex Trafficking Act (FOSTA) that fail to recognize a sector of sex workers that neither self-identify as victims nor feel dominated by traditional gender roles. Traditionally, research has been conducted on outdoor prostitution, the transactional component of sex work, and the power imbalance regarding male clients ...


Family Ses And Parental Perceptions Of Children’S Aggressive Behaviors, Amelia Dubose, Maddie Drives, Anthony Pruner Nov 2019

Family Ses And Parental Perceptions Of Children’S Aggressive Behaviors, Amelia Dubose, Maddie Drives, Anthony Pruner

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Past literature has shown the strength of the relationship between low socioeconomic status (SES) and behavioral issues during childhood. However, it is unclear how family’s low SES may be related to children’s behavioral issues. A possible reason could be due to the stress brought on by financial difficulties, contributing to more frustrations between parent and child. Researchers believe that parents typically expect their children to have gained some control over their aggression emotions by early childhood. There is also evidence to support that parents tend to exhibit more anger towards their child’s behavior if it is aggressive ...


The Relationship Between Children’S Gendered Toys And Display Of Prosocial Behaviors, Kaylee Finlay, Leah Kaminer, Jessica Mann Nov 2019

The Relationship Between Children’S Gendered Toys And Display Of Prosocial Behaviors, Kaylee Finlay, Leah Kaminer, Jessica Mann

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Despite the growing awareness of gender stereotypes, companies such as Disney and toy makers still create their products based on gender (Auster & Mansback 2012).Stereotypical feminine toys include dolls and similar toys which reinforce domestic oriented behavior, whereas the male toys included action figures, weapons, and vehicles which may elicit a different type of behavior. Although there is a category labeled for both boys and girls, the toys still presented more male-coded features (Auster & Mansback 2012). The masculine toys continue to reinforce stereotypes based on gender. However, another research showed that boys who watched Disney programs display less stereotypical behavior ...


Parental Disciplinary Styles In Relation To Children’S Misbehaviors, Shelby Breitmann, Ansley Michelle Hicks, Nayomi Martinez-Ubay Nov 2019

Parental Disciplinary Styles In Relation To Children’S Misbehaviors, Shelby Breitmann, Ansley Michelle Hicks, Nayomi Martinez-Ubay

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Parent disciplinary behavior can have a significant effect on children’s social and emotional development. Past research has suggested that ineffective discipline influenced child conduct problems at school (Snyder, Cramer, Afrank, & Patterson, 2005). In addition, parental disciplinary styles have been utilized to predict internalizing and externalizing behaviors outside of the home. Internalizing misbehaviors can be exemplified through child anxiousness, sadness, or any problematic internal thoughts. Externalizing misbehaviors, however, are typically displayed through aggressive or defiant behaviors. Physical punishment and harsh discipline of children have been associated with adverse mental health outcomes. Specifically, physical punishment has been correlated with externalizing problem ...


Scorched Earth, Democratic Erosion In Bolsonaro's Brazil., Nayanne Medeiros Nov 2019

Scorched Earth, Democratic Erosion In Bolsonaro's Brazil., Nayanne Medeiros

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Since 2013 Brazil has been experiencing democratic erosion. The growth of right-wing and co-opted popular movements contributed to the election of a populist president with an authoritarian profile. This paper seeks to explore the events that led to this backsliding. From Manipulating Elections Strategically to Executive Aggrandizement, the approach will follow Nancy Bermeo’s description and explanation of democratic erosion. Moreover, this paper will seek to answer the question: How do democratic and populist movements allow and contribute to the rise of authoritarian governments?


Twilight Of Democratic Consolidation, Lana Goitia, John Blessing Nov 2019

Twilight Of Democratic Consolidation, Lana Goitia, John Blessing

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Democratic consolidation is a political science theory that identifies a point at which democracies have achieved immortality. We believe this previously unexamined theory is a flawed concept based on two reasons. Firstly, we will note how previous research has sought different “missing ingredients,” such as a democratic culture, a particular constitution, or economic development, which create a consolidated democracy. We find there are no such missing ingredients. Secondly, this theory assumes that democracies are the most stable type of government, and thus are the ultimate end goal of government systems. We will question the fundamental stability of democracy. Due to ...


“Make Spain Great Again” - The Rise Of Far-Right Populism In España, Lana Goitia Nov 2019

“Make Spain Great Again” - The Rise Of Far-Right Populism In España, Lana Goitia

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

In recent years, the spread of far-right ideology has expanded across Europe. Spain, a country that was once considered “immune” to the grasp of far-right ideals, has seen a rise in far-right populist membership in recent years. The Vox Party, Spain’s major far-right populist regime has gained seats in regional and federal parliament, leading many to consider Spain a new frontier for the ideology. What are the conditions that spurred this change? How did Spain, which once held great immunity to this issue, finally succumb to wave of far-right populism that has been crashing into Europe for years? This ...


Lgbtq+ Inclusion In The Unhcr Definition Of Refugee Status, Catherine Maloney Nov 2019

Lgbtq+ Inclusion In The Unhcr Definition Of Refugee Status, Catherine Maloney

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Though most cases of persecution, such as race or religious affiliation, are accepted as cause for refugee status, the validity of sexuality and gender discrimination as grounds upon which to seek asylum remains unclear. Many governments have laws pertaining to the eradication of LGBTQ+ individuals, including Uganda’s anti-homosexuality act of 2014, otherwise known as the “Kill the Gays” bill (Strand 917). Through preliminary research on Uganda’s bill, anti-gay purges in Russia, the denial of homosexuals in Iran, and various other examples, this presentation will highlight the persecution experienced by LGBTQ+ individuals across the globe. Attaining refugee status for ...


Public Perceptions Of Human Trafficking And Immigrant Victims, Hannah Dickens Nov 2019

Public Perceptions Of Human Trafficking And Immigrant Victims, Hannah Dickens

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Previous research has found that, despite being subjected to what many consider to be extreme human rights violations, individuals who have been trafficked are often not viewed or treated as victims in the U.S. criminal justice system. This phenomenon is pronounced among trafficking victims who are immigrants, especially when they are undocumented. This may be partially attributable to current portrayals of immigrants as threats to America, a quality which is antithetical the dominant conceptualization of “victims” as people who are innocent or blameless. This study will examine public perceptions of different types of human trafficking as well as human ...


Impacts On Retrogression Of Domestic Violence Survivors, Ashlynn Echols Nov 2019

Impacts On Retrogression Of Domestic Violence Survivors, Ashlynn Echols

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

This paper intends to provide insight into the effect that outreach services have on repeated victimization among domestic violence survivors through an in-depth case study. Research conducted in 2019 revealed that as many as 36% of women in the United States have experienced domestic violence (Sigurdsson, 2019). The prevalence of this issue is undoubted and is slowly gaining awareness in the United States. Among those domestic violence survivors residing in emergency shelters nationwide, 84% require assistance in obtaining affordable housing after exiting the shelter (Safe Housing, 2017). Once domestic violence survivors enter a shelter, the likelihood of their return, unfortunately ...


Atlanta's Flood Risk: A Model Based On Growth And Climate Change, Kaitlen Martin, Amber Ignatius Nov 2019

Atlanta's Flood Risk: A Model Based On Growth And Climate Change, Kaitlen Martin, Amber Ignatius

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Climate change poses unique and significant challenges for Georgia’s large and growing cities. Ranked as the second-best city in the United States for millennials, the city of Atlanta and the surrounding region is expected gain 2.5 million people in the next twenty years. Sustainable development strategies to accommodate the combination of changing climate and substantial population growth requires planning beyond simply finding open space. Planners must look to more detailed solutions to mitigate long-term impacts of rapid urbanization within a non-stationary climate. Regions within the city of Atlanta are already prone to flooding during heavy rain events, the ...


And Then There Was New Jill Swing, Deirdre Ferguson Nov 2019

And Then There Was New Jill Swing, Deirdre Ferguson

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

In addressing the social phenomenon of gender inequalities, it is necessary to identify both the origins and perpetuating factors of such inequities. One such factor to examine is the social construction of gender. Societal understandings of gender are influenced by cultural representations. This research was conducted for the purpose of examining and identifying gender roles within the music genre New Jill Swing. New Jill Swing was a popular female dominated musical genre that rose to notoriety in the 1980s. Due to a matter of familiarity, the musical group Salt N’ Pepa was chosen as a representation of New Jill Swing ...


Little Girls And The Players They Break: Classic Rock And Gender, Kelley Pointer Nov 2019

Little Girls And The Players They Break: Classic Rock And Gender, Kelley Pointer

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

While the more commercially successful rock music from the 1960’s to the 1980’s that can be hazily labeled ‘classic rock’ might seem like an older (and by proxy, less relevant) collection of music, it is still influential on many listeners today through popular classic rock radio stations and music tastes shared from one generation to the next. Unfortunately, listeners are often unknowingly absorbing things like harmful gender norms in their musical enjoyment. Through analyzing the content of classic rock music through the textual analysis of classic rock lyrics in attempting to find common themes related to gender roles ...


Boosting Happiness Using Positive Psychology, Meghan Minter Nov 2019

Boosting Happiness Using Positive Psychology, Meghan Minter

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Abstract

Positive Psychology is a social and intellectual movement within the discipline of psychology that focuses on human strengths and how people flourish and are successful. Through mentor-ship, participants have the ability to build many personal connections with others that can influence mentees to live a better life. However, the mentors themselves can benefit as well through sharing their life experiences and through connecting with fellow mentors as well as mentees. The goal of this study is to assess the correlation between the use of positive psychology and building personal connections with others which can boost the happiness of mentors ...


African American Portrayal In Pop Culture & Media, Delicia James, Tamirah Mckenzie Nov 2019

African American Portrayal In Pop Culture & Media, Delicia James, Tamirah Mckenzie

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

The stereotypes surrounding African Americans have greatly impacted pop culture and the media. These distorted views are often perpetuated in movies, television, music, and advertisements. Understanding and identifying negative thought processes within the African American community is the key to expanding our knowledge of the African American experience. Has the portrayal of African Americans in the media changed over time? The purpose of this research project is to understand the misleading images of African Americans in media and its impact on the African American community. Based on Punyanhunt-Carter (2008), we expected to find that the portrayal of African Americans in ...


Communicative Methods And The Impact Of Learning English In Refugee Communities, Leah Dudley Nov 2019

Communicative Methods And The Impact Of Learning English In Refugee Communities, Leah Dudley

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Since the Displaced Persons Act of 1948, the United States has been at the forefront of aid for global refugee crises (BRYCS). While the number of refugees entering the country has dropped to its lowest numbers since 9/11 due to a lowered admissions ceiling and a reluctant government, there are still thousands of refugees inhabiting the United States . These refugees are expected to acclimate to life in a new country rapidly after being resettled. Part of this acclimation process insinuates, if not outright requires, that refugees learn English in order to truly adjust to America. To learn more about ...


Parenting Levels And Adolescent Self-Esteem, Brittany Davis Nov 2019

Parenting Levels And Adolescent Self-Esteem, Brittany Davis

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Parental skills and interaction is a significant factor to a child’s self-esteem and social development with peers. Self-esteem among children and adolescents is a topic that has harvested an abundance of research attention over the past 30 years (Searcy, 2007). The purpose of this qualitative study is to examine the relations between parenting skills and adolescent self-esteem. Based on previous research (e.g., Nyarko, 2012), it was hypothesized that a positive correlation between the child's self-esteem and the perceived competency of parenting skills would exist. The current study utilized a correlational design. Participants were 35 parent/child dyads ...


Academic Performance And Bullying, Esther Akinola Nov 2019

Academic Performance And Bullying, Esther Akinola

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Academic performance is important in a student's career path. Bullying may affect academic performance. Students who are bullied experience high stress levels and are more likely to have lower grades. School personnel (e.g., counselors and teachers) have knowledge and experience in this area. The purpose of this study was to explore academic performance and bullying in school-age children. Based on previous research (e.g., Thijs & Verkuyten, 2008), it is expected that school counselors will report that academic performance is related to bullying. The current study utilized a qualitative methodology. Data was analyzed using a content analysis procedure. Participants ...


Writing, Rewriting, And Rewiring: Ideologies And Palimpsests In Markus Zusak's The Book Thief, Hannah Bertzfield Nov 2019

Writing, Rewriting, And Rewiring: Ideologies And Palimpsests In Markus Zusak's The Book Thief, Hannah Bertzfield

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Focusing primarily on the various sociological perspectives presented in The Book Thief (2005) by Markus Zusak, my research analyzes the effectiveness of propaganda on a society in turmoil. In his novel, Zusak narrows the overwhelming scope of the depravity of the German nation during the reign of the Third Reich to focus more microcosmically on the way in which words may be stolen, contorted, nurtured, and bound together into the physical manifestations of opposing ideologies. I further explain how those artifacts of complicity and dissidence comprise the foundation of a society’s collective sociocultural consciousness. In my presentation, I compare ...


B-3 Psychological Perceptions Of Disaster Misconceptions: Exploring The Acceptance Of Disaster Myths In Relation To Psychological Well-Being, Resilience And Conspiracist Ideation, Harvey Burnett, Karl Bailey, Rachelle E. Pichot Oct 2019

B-3 Psychological Perceptions Of Disaster Misconceptions: Exploring The Acceptance Of Disaster Myths In Relation To Psychological Well-Being, Resilience And Conspiracist Ideation, Harvey Burnett, Karl Bailey, Rachelle E. Pichot

Celebration of Research and Creative Scholarship

This exploratory study examined psychological wellness and resilience as predictors of conspiracist beliefs, disaster response beliefs, and disaster misconceptions beliefs. Data was collected from 300 participants through Amazon’s MTurk. These individuals completed a demographic questionnaire; for Misconception Measures the Myth and Misconception Propositions about Disasters Questionnaire (Alexander, 2007), Beliefs about Disaster Response (Wenger et al., 1975), and Generic Conspiracist Beliefs Scale (Brotherton et al., 2013); for Resilience Measures the 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (Campbell-Sills & Stein, 2007), Beliefs about Resilient Behaviors subscale from the Behavior in Mass Emergencies Questionnaire (Drury et al., 2013); and for Psychological Wellness the 2-item Perceived Stress Scale (Buchanan & McConnell, 2017), Spiritual Well-Being Scale (Paloutzian & Ellison, 1991), Brief Symptom Inventory 18 (Degrogatis, 2000), and ...


P-06 Spirituality And Life Skills And Their Relationship With Reasons For Attending Four Selected Adventist Universities In Asia, Jimmy Kijai, Rachelle E. Pichot Oct 2019

P-06 Spirituality And Life Skills And Their Relationship With Reasons For Attending Four Selected Adventist Universities In Asia, Jimmy Kijai, Rachelle E. Pichot

Celebration of Research and Creative Scholarship

The purposes of this study are: (a) to report on the reasons for attending four Adventist universities in Asia; (b) to describe the universities’ perceived influence on student development of spirituality and life skills; and (c) to determine if reasons for attending and perceived influence on development of religiosity and life skills may be related. Survey research methodology was the design used to collect data using printed questionnaires. We designed the questionnaire to elicit information on reasons for attending the universities, engagement in curricular and extra-curricular activities, and the extent to which the university influenced student development of life skills ...


Open Access For Scholars, Eleta Exline Oct 2019

Open Access For Scholars, Eleta Exline

Open Access Week

Infographic on how to be involved with Open Access as a scholar.


Open Access Vs. Traditional Publishing, Eleta Exline Oct 2019

Open Access Vs. Traditional Publishing, Eleta Exline

Open Access Week

Infographic comparing Open Access and traditional publishing.


Personal Standards But Not Maladaptive Evaluative Concerns Perfectionism Predict Exercise Dependency Over Time, Sarah E. Ernst, Irina A. Vanzhula, Cheri A. Levinson Oct 2019

Personal Standards But Not Maladaptive Evaluative Concerns Perfectionism Predict Exercise Dependency Over Time, Sarah E. Ernst, Irina A. Vanzhula, Cheri A. Levinson

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Exercise is generally thought to be beneficial for physical and mental health; however, when done in excess, exercise can lead to damaging physical, psychological, and social health consequences. This type of exercise is known as exercise dependency and is frequently associated with eating disorder pathology. Perfectionism (high or personal standards and maladaptive evaluative concerns) is a risk factor for eating disorders and is also associated with exercise dependency. However, no studies have examined longitudinal relationships between perfectionism and exercise dependency. The current study used a sample of adolescent females (N = 444) from a Southeastern United States high school, and participants ...


How News Media Coverage Of Crises Promotes Conspiracy Beliefs, Richard Kornrumpf, Adam Enders Phd Oct 2019

How News Media Coverage Of Crises Promotes Conspiracy Beliefs, Richard Kornrumpf, Adam Enders Phd

Posters-at-the-Capitol

While scholars of conspiracy theories have recently made great strides in understanding the basic nature and correlates of conspiratorial thinking, we still know little about how conspiracy beliefs are disseminated and communicated, especially when it comes to traditional media. In this instance, we use a unique experiment to investigate whether media coverage of mass shootings – complete with the uncertainty, conflicting reports, and dubious official narratives that characterize such coverage – provides the raw material for conspiracy theories and promotes conspiracy beliefs among viewers. We find that implicit conspiratorial information – that which causes confusion and foments uncertainty – does not enflame conspiracy beliefs ...


5 Facts About Open Access Publishing, Eleta Exline Oct 2019

5 Facts About Open Access Publishing, Eleta Exline

Open Access Week

Infographic about Open Access publishing.


Impact Of The Ocean Waves Workshop On The Marine Science And Technology Community, Jeanne Pavy, C. Reid Nichols Oct 2019

Impact Of The Ocean Waves Workshop On The Marine Science And Technology Community, Jeanne Pavy, C. Reid Nichols

Ocean Waves Workshop

The Earl K. Long Library at the Univeristy of New Orleans uses ScholarWorks@UNO, an open access digital repository, to collect, preserve, and disseminate Ocean Waves Workshop content for a global audience. ScholarWorks resides on the Digital Commons platform, which is optimized for discoverability through search engines such as Google Scholar, increasing visibility and impact. UNO library staff work with the Ocean Waves Workshop planning committee to assign metadata to workshop materials that can then be rapidly shared online. The repository also ensures long-term, stable preservation of workshop content. The archive of workshop material and its extensive worldwide use demonstrate ...


Open Access Memes- Fliers, Michelle Williams Oct 2019

Open Access Memes- Fliers, Michelle Williams

Open Access Week at Gettysburg College

These memes were created as part of Musselman Library's Open Access Week promotional materials.


Open Access Memes- Instagram, Michelle Williams Oct 2019

Open Access Memes- Instagram, Michelle Williams

Open Access Week at Gettysburg College

These memes were created as part of Musselman Library's open access week promotional materials.