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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Food Stamps And Dependency: Disentangling The Short-Term And Long-Term Economic Effects Of Food Stamp Receipt And Low Income For Young Mothers, Thomas P. Vartanian, Linda Houser, Joseph Harkness Dec 2011

Food Stamps And Dependency: Disentangling The Short-Term And Long-Term Economic Effects Of Food Stamp Receipt And Low Income For Young Mothers, Thomas P. Vartanian, Linda Houser, Joseph Harkness

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The Food Stamp Program (FSP) remains one of the most widely used of all U.S. social "safety net" programs. While a substantial body of research has developed around the primary goals of the program- improving food access, nutrition, and health among lowincome families-less attention has been paid to the broader goals of hardship and poverty reduction. Using 38 years of data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we examine several immediate and longer-term economic outcomes of early adult FSP participation for a sample of3,848 young mothers. While FSP participation is associated with some negative outcomes in the ...


Doing A Little More For The Poor? Social Assistance In Shanghai, Zhang Haomiao Dec 2011

Doing A Little More For The Poor? Social Assistance In Shanghai, Zhang Haomiao

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Shanghai was a leader in nation-wide social assistance reform. It has established an extensive and complex social assistance system. This paper offers a general overview of different major assistance programs in Shanghai and uses a recent survey ofMinimum Living Standard Guarantee System (MLSGS) recipients in urban Shanghai to briefly examine the performance of social assistance. It finds that on the program construction and administration level, Shanghai's social assistance is advanced. However, due to high living costs and relatively low values of social assistance, social assistance plays a limited role in relieving the distress of recipients. The paper analyzes the ...


Review Of The Study Of Well-Being, Social Policy And The Welfare State: A Review Essay, James Midgley Dec 2011

Review Of The Study Of Well-Being, Social Policy And The Welfare State: A Review Essay, James Midgley

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The Study of Well-being, Social Policy and the Welfare State: A Review Essay

JAMES MIDGLEY - School of Social Welfare University of California Berkeley

Francis G. Castles, Stephan Leibfried, Jane Lewis, Herbert Obinger & Christopher Pierson, Eds. (2010). The Oxford Handbook of the Welfare State. New York: Oxford University Press. $150.00 (hardcover).


Review Of Poor Women In Rich Countries: The Feminization Of Poverty Over The Life Course. Gertrude Schaffner Goldberg (Ed.). Reviewed By Jennifer R. Zelnick., Jennifer R. Zelnick Dec 2011

Review Of Poor Women In Rich Countries: The Feminization Of Poverty Over The Life Course. Gertrude Schaffner Goldberg (Ed.). Reviewed By Jennifer R. Zelnick., Jennifer R. Zelnick

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Gertrude Schaffner Goldberg, Ed. (2010). Poor Women in Rich Countries: The Feminization of Poverty over the Life Course. New York: Oxford University Press, $39.95 (paperback).


Ill Fares The Land. Tony Judt. Reviewed By Marguerite G. Rosenthal., Marguerite G. Rosenthal Dec 2011

Ill Fares The Land. Tony Judt. Reviewed By Marguerite G. Rosenthal., Marguerite G. Rosenthal

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Tony Judt (2010). Ill Fares the Land. New York: The Penguin Press, $25.95 (hardcover), $15 (paperback).


Review Of Contesting Community: The Limits And Potential Of Local Organizing. James Defilippis, Robert Fisher, & Eric Shragge. Reviewed By Nancy Giunta., Nancy Giunta Dec 2011

Review Of Contesting Community: The Limits And Potential Of Local Organizing. James Defilippis, Robert Fisher, & Eric Shragge. Reviewed By Nancy Giunta., Nancy Giunta

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of James DeFilippis, Robert Fisher, & Eric Shragge (2010). Contesting Community: The Limits and Potential of Local Organizing. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. $25.95 (paperback).


Review Of Politics And Partnerships: The Role Of Voluntary Associations In America's Political Past And Present. Elisabeth Clemens & Doug Guthrie (Eds.). Reviewed By John G. Mcnutt., John G. Mcnutt Dec 2011

Review Of Politics And Partnerships: The Role Of Voluntary Associations In America's Political Past And Present. Elisabeth Clemens & Doug Guthrie (Eds.). Reviewed By John G. Mcnutt., John G. Mcnutt

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Elisabeth Clemens and Doug Guthrie, Eds. (2010). Politics and Partnerships: The Role of Voluntary Associations in America's Political Past and Present. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, $55.00 (hardcover), $19 (paperback).


Review Of Mexican Voices Of The Border Region. Laura Velasco Ortiz & Oscar E Contreras (Eds.). Reviewed By Aviva Chomsky., Aviva Chomsky Dec 2011

Review Of Mexican Voices Of The Border Region. Laura Velasco Ortiz & Oscar E Contreras (Eds.). Reviewed By Aviva Chomsky., Aviva Chomsky

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Laura Velasco Ortiz & Oscar F. Contreras, Eds. (2011). Mexican Voices of the Border Region. Temple University Press, $79.50 (hardcover), $29.95 (paperback).


Index Of Volume Xxxviii, 2011 Dec 2011

Index Of Volume Xxxviii, 2011

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY & SOCIAL WELFARE CONTENTS OF VOLUME XXXVIII-2011


Impact Of Social Capital On Employment And Marriage Among Low Income Single Mothers, Jennifer A. Johnson, Julie A. Honnold, Perry Threlfall Dec 2011

Impact Of Social Capital On Employment And Marriage Among Low Income Single Mothers, Jennifer A. Johnson, Julie A. Honnold, Perry Threlfall

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA, P. L. 104-93) called primarily on women to achieve two goals: work and/or marriage. For low income single mothers with limited access to capital, the PRWORA presents a quagmire in that the public safety nets previously guaranteed by the policies of the New Deal were abruptly supplanted by policies with obligations that require various forms of capital. Using longitudinal data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing dataset, we examine the impact of social capital on the chances of marriage and employment among single, unemployed mothers. We ...


Health Service Access For Rural People Living With Hiv/Aids In China: A Critical Evaluation, Xiying Wang, Xiulan Zhang, Yuebin Xu, Yurong Zhang Dec 2011

Health Service Access For Rural People Living With Hiv/Aids In China: A Critical Evaluation, Xiying Wang, Xiulan Zhang, Yuebin Xu, Yurong Zhang

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The increasingly serious HIV/AIDS epidemic creates a significant burden for the public health system; however, little attention has been paid to the issue of health service access in rural China. Based on a qualitative study of 34 Chinese rural People Living with HIVIAIDS (PLWHA) and 13 health providers, this study fills a gap by examining health service access from both the demand and supply-side. Utilizing access theory, this study explores the availability, affordability and acceptability of health services in rural China. Moreover, this study focuses on access barriers and institutional obstacles that PLWHA meet during their illness and considers ...


If Not Welfare, Then What?: How Single Mothers Finance College Post-Welfare Reform, Kristin Wilson Dec 2011

If Not Welfare, Then What?: How Single Mothers Finance College Post-Welfare Reform, Kristin Wilson

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The article follows previous work on TANF and AFDC by asking if not welfare, then what social programs and financial aid programs are low-income women using to support their college attendance, and what is the impact of these programs on the college-going decisions of low-income women? The study is based on case studies of 10 low-income women attending a community college. Results indicated that EITC, food stamps, and subsidized housing are stable sources of funding. However, each of these programs requires diferent application processes and compliance regulations. Only the Pell Grant was viewed as a dependable source of funding for ...


Emergency Room Use By Undocumented Mexican Immigrants, Ayse Akincigil, Raymond Sanchez Mayers, Fontaine H. Fulghum Dec 2011

Emergency Room Use By Undocumented Mexican Immigrants, Ayse Akincigil, Raymond Sanchez Mayers, Fontaine H. Fulghum

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This study examined emergency room use by undocumented Mexican immigrants and their sources of health care information. Thirty-eight percent of the respondents reported that they would use a hospital emergency room (ER) for primary medical care. ER use rates declined with time spent in the United States. Emergency room use rates varied significantly by region. Respondents receiving information from a church reported less ER use, compared to all others; respondents receiving information from U.S. newspapers reported higher ER use rates. Lack of health care access for undocumented immigrants remains a public health issue as well as a social justice ...


Review Of Child Protection Systems: International Trends And Orientations. Neil Gilbert, Nigel Parton, & Marit Skivenes, (Eds.). Reviewed By Dorinda N. Noble., Dorinda N. Noble Dec 2011

Review Of Child Protection Systems: International Trends And Orientations. Neil Gilbert, Nigel Parton, & Marit Skivenes, (Eds.). Reviewed By Dorinda N. Noble., Dorinda N. Noble

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Neil Gilbert, Nigel Parton, & Marit Skivenes, Eds. (2011). Child Protection Systems: International Trends and Orientations. New York: Oxford University Press, $55.00 (hardcover).


Review Of Social Work & Restorative Justice: Skills For Dialogue, Peacemaking, And Reconciliation. Elizabeth Beck, Nancy P. Kropf & Pamela Blume Leonard (Eds.). Reviewed By Robert Mcandrews., Robert Mcandrews Dec 2011

Review Of Social Work & Restorative Justice: Skills For Dialogue, Peacemaking, And Reconciliation. Elizabeth Beck, Nancy P. Kropf & Pamela Blume Leonard (Eds.). Reviewed By Robert Mcandrews., Robert Mcandrews

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Elizabeth Beck, Nancy P. Kropf & Pamela Blume Leonard (Eds.) (2011). Social Work & Restorative Justice: Skills for Dialogue, Peacemaking, and Reconciliation. New York: Oxford University Press, $45.00 (hardcover).


A Note From The Editors, Marguerite Rosenthal, Jennifer Zelnick Dec 2011

A Note From The Editors, Marguerite Rosenthal, Jennifer Zelnick

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Marguerite Rosenthal and Jennifer Zelnick - Book Review Editors


Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 38, No. 4 (December 2011) Dec 2011

Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 38, No. 4 (December 2011)

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • IMPACT OF SOCIAL CAPITAL ON EMPLOYMENT AND MARRIAGE AMONG LOW INCOME SINGLE MOTHERS - Jennifer A. Johnson, Julie A. Honnold, and Perry Threlfall
  • EMERGENCY ROOM USE BY UNDOCUMENTED MEXICAN IMMIGRANTS – Ayse Akincigil, Raymond Sanchez Mayers, and Fontaine H. Fulghum
  • IF NOT WELFARE, THEN WHAT? HOW SINGLE MOTHERS FINANCE COLLEGE POST WELFARE REFORM - Kristin Wilson
  • HEALTH SERVICE ACCESS FOR RURAL PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS IN CHINA: A CRITICAL EVALUATION - Xiying Wang, Xiulan Zhang, Yuebin Xu, and Yurong Zhang
  • FOOD STAMPS AND DEPENDENCY: DISENTANGLING THE SHORT-TERM AND LONG-TERM ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF FOOD STAMP RECEIPT AND LOW INCOME FOR YOUNG ...


Net Worth Accumulation By Different Quintiles Of Older Adults Approaching Retirement Age And 10 Years Later, Martha N. Ozawa, Yeong H. Yeo Sep 2011

Net Worth Accumulation By Different Quintiles Of Older Adults Approaching Retirement Age And 10 Years Later, Martha N. Ozawa, Yeong H. Yeo

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The shift in responsibility for income security from the government to individuals makes the accumulation of net worth a vital issue. We investigated the rate of net worth accumulation for people aged 51 to 61 in 1991 (N=7,544) and 61 to 71 in 2001 (N=5,711) using the RAND Health and Retirement Study. We found that the rate of net worth accumulation by the fifth (top) quintile was extremely high in 1991, and the distribution of net worth became more skewed in favor of the wealthy in 2001. Older adults in the first and second quintiles are ...


Foster Care Workers' Emotional Responses To Their Work, Alissa Schwartz Sep 2011

Foster Care Workers' Emotional Responses To Their Work, Alissa Schwartz

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The field of child welfare struggles with high rates of job turnover. This study describes the contributors to and experiences of foster care workers' emotional responses to their work. Uniquely drawing from the field of Positive Psychology, it describes and conceptualizes the relationships of multi-level contributors to foster care workers' emotional reactions at work. In-depth interviews conducted with 25 foster care workers found that negative emotions were more prominently featured than positive, but that working in an agency with positive workplace characteristics mitigated this relationship. Theoretical implications and limitations of taking a Positive Psychology approach to the study are discussed.


Social Work And Conditional Cash Transfers In Latin America., Cindy Calvo Sep 2011

Social Work And Conditional Cash Transfers In Latin America., Cindy Calvo

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs are a recent anti-poverty strategy in Latin America. CCT programs provide cash benefits to finance basic needs and foster investment in human capital to extremely poor households. These benefits are conditioned on certain behaviors, usually related to investments in nutrition, health, and education. In the literature, there is a recognizable lack of analyses from social science disciplines related to CCT program implications. This paper contributes in this arena by analyzing the particular role of social work in CCT anti-poverty programs. The educational element of these programs and its theoretical foundation based on the human capital ...


Anything Goes? Science And Social Constructions In Competing Discourses, Philip Dybicz Sep 2011

Anything Goes? Science And Social Constructions In Competing Discourses, Philip Dybicz

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper examines, then disproves, the claim that social work practices based upon postmodern thought are either anti-science, or at the very least, weak on their respect for and application of scientific knowledge. Postmodern thought does attack the epistemological theory of positivism as well as the correspondence theory of truth. Hence, postmodern social work practices do seek to displace the role that scientific knowledge plays in guiding the helping situation. Rather than diagnosing causes and effects in a problem-solving endeavor, science is used to circumscribe the boundaries within which a postmodern endeavor at consciousness- raising takes place. Describing this new ...


Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 38, No. 3 (September 2011) Sep 2011

Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 38, No. 3 (September 2011)

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • NET WORTH ACCUMULATION BY DIFFERENT INCOME QUINTILES OF OLDER ADULTS APPROACHING RETIREMENT AGE AND 10 YEARS LATER - Martha N. Ozawa and Yeong H. Yeo
  • FOSTER CARE WORKERS' EMOTIONAL RESPONSES TO THEIR WORK - Alissa Schwartz
  • SOCIAL WORK AND CONDITIONAL CASH TRANSFERS IN LATIN AMERICA - Cindy Calvo
  • CHILD SUPPORT AS LABOR REGULATION - Yiyoon Chung
  • ANYTHING GOES: SCIENCE AND SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIONS IN COMPETING DISCOURSES - Philip Dybicz
  • THE ROLE OF THE NEIGHBORHOOD IN MAKING WELFARE REFORM POSSIBLE - David I. Siegel
  • SANCTIONING POLICIES-AUSTRALIAN, AMERICAN AND BRITISH CROSS NATIONAL REFLECTIONS AND COMPARISONS - Harry Savelsberg

BOOK REVIEWS

  • Invisible Hands: The Businessmen's Crusade Against ...


The Role Of The Neighborhood In Making Welfare Reform Possible, David I. Siegel Sep 2011

The Role Of The Neighborhood In Making Welfare Reform Possible, David I. Siegel

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This article will analyze the role of the neighborhood in making welfare reform possible. It will consider the neighborhood and its environment as a context for welfare reform, the influence of neighborhood conditions and effects, recent neighborhood theory building, the neighborhood as a source of relevant values, and finally neighborhood programs that contribute to welfare reform.


Sanctioning Policies-Australian, American And British Cross-National Reflections And Comparisons, Harry Savelsberg Sep 2011

Sanctioning Policies-Australian, American And British Cross-National Reflections And Comparisons, Harry Savelsberg

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Over the last two decades welfare policies have undergone major reforms in Anglo-Western nations such as the U.S., U.K. and Australia. Central to these reforms have been the revision of welfare recipient entitlements and responsibilities and the emergence of a responsibility and obligations agenda. The essence of this agenda is conditionality and reciprocity, and it includes the threat of punitive sanctions for failing to comply with mandatory participation requirements. This paper highlights the potent influence of the ideas of American conservatives on policy reforms in the U.S., the U.K. and Australia and provides a thematic crossnational ...


Review Of Invisible Hands: The Businessmen's Crusade Against The New Deal. Kim Phillips-Fein. Reviewed By Robert Leighninger., Robert Leighninger Sep 2011

Review Of Invisible Hands: The Businessmen's Crusade Against The New Deal. Kim Phillips-Fein. Reviewed By Robert Leighninger., Robert Leighninger

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Kim Phillips-Fein, Invisible Hands: The Businessmen's Crusade Against the New Deal. W. W. Norton, 2009. $16.95 paperback.


Review Of Democracy Without Decency: Good Citizenship And The War On Poverty. William M. Epstein. Reviewed By Gertrude Schaffner Goldberg., Gertrude Schaffner Goldberg Sep 2011

Review Of Democracy Without Decency: Good Citizenship And The War On Poverty. William M. Epstein. Reviewed By Gertrude Schaffner Goldberg., Gertrude Schaffner Goldberg

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of William M. Epstein, Democracy without Decency: Good Citizenship and the War on Poverty. The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2010. $65.00, hardcover.


Review Of Organizing For Educational Justice: The Campaign For Public School Reform In The South Bronx. Michael B. Fabricant. Reviewed By Eva Gold., Eva Gold Sep 2011

Review Of Organizing For Educational Justice: The Campaign For Public School Reform In The South Bronx. Michael B. Fabricant. Reviewed By Eva Gold., Eva Gold

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Michael B. Fabricant, Organizing for Educational Justice: The Campaign for Public School Reform in the South Bronx. University of Minnesota Press, 2010. $22.95, paperback.


Review Of Remaking Citizenship: Latina Immigrants And New American Politics. Kathleen M. Coll. Reviewed By Lirio K. Negroni., Lirio K. Negroni Sep 2011

Review Of Remaking Citizenship: Latina Immigrants And New American Politics. Kathleen M. Coll. Reviewed By Lirio K. Negroni., Lirio K. Negroni

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Kathleen M. Coll, Remaking Citizenship: Latina Immigrants and New American Politics. Stanford University Press, 2010. $22.95, paperback.


Review Of The Warmth Of Other Suns: The Epic Story Of America's Great Migration. Isabel Wilkerson. Reviewed By Richard Sherman., Richard Sherman Sep 2011

Review Of The Warmth Of Other Suns: The Epic Story Of America's Great Migration. Isabel Wilkerson. Reviewed By Richard Sherman., Richard Sherman

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Isabel Wilkerson, The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America's Great Migration. Random House, 2010. $30.00, hardcover.


Review Of Democratic Insecurities: Violence, Trauma, And Intervention In Haiti. Erica Caple James. Reviewed By Amy Wilentz., Amy Wilentz Sep 2011

Review Of Democratic Insecurities: Violence, Trauma, And Intervention In Haiti. Erica Caple James. Reviewed By Amy Wilentz., Amy Wilentz

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Erica Caple James, Democratic Insecurities: Violence, Trauma, and Intervention in Haiti. University of California Press, 2010. $60 hardcover, $24.95 paperback.