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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Two Decades After Mcmartin: A Follow-Up Of 22 Convicted Day Care Employees, Mary Deyoung Dec 2007

Two Decades After Mcmartin: A Follow-Up Of 22 Convicted Day Care Employees, Mary Deyoung

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

It has been more that two decades since the notorious McMartin Preschool case created a day care ritual abuse master-narrative that recruited many social workers into becoming involved in case-finding, investigations, interviewing and advocacy. The purpose of this article is threefold: it introduces a sample of 22 day care employees who were convicted in day care ritual abuse cases; it updates their current legal status; and it discusses the relevance of these cases to social workers who currently are being recruited by today's new master narratives about extrafamilial sexual threats to children, whether from neighborhood pedophiles, child pornographers, parish ...


Negotiating 'Professional Agency': Social Work And Decision-Making Within The Ontario Child Welfare System, Henry Parada, Lisa Barnoff, Brienne Coleman Dec 2007

Negotiating 'Professional Agency': Social Work And Decision-Making Within The Ontario Child Welfare System, Henry Parada, Lisa Barnoff, Brienne Coleman

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This article explores how social work as a discipline has helped to negotiate professional agency in decision-making within the restructured child protection system. The narratives of child protection workers affirm that a restrictive climate does exist in child protection agencies and that it indeed shapes the way they make their decisions. This study uses institutional ethnography as the methodology for exploring the decision-making practices of child protection workers. Three forms of data collection were used: experience as data, documentation reviews and in-depth interviews.


A Critique Of The Global Trafficking Discourse And U.S. Policy, Moshoula Capous Desyllas Dec 2007

A Critique Of The Global Trafficking Discourse And U.S. Policy, Moshoula Capous Desyllas

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This article examines the dominant discourse on trafficking in persons and the implementation of international and U.S. policy to address trafficking globally. Features of the United Nations Protocol and the Trafficking in Victims Protection Act demonstrate how trafficking frameworks currently in place contain underlying fears of migration and female sexuality. The implications of policy on the construction of third world women as "victims to be saved" through governments, National Government Organizations, feminists and the media will show how these misrespresentations only reinforce racism and dualistic simplifications of a complex issue. An emphasis is placed on the importance of women ...


A Qualitative Study Of Letters To President Kennedy From Persons With Mental Illness And Their Families: Using The Research Poem In Policy Oriented Research, Rich Furman, Allison Shukraft Dec 2007

A Qualitative Study Of Letters To President Kennedy From Persons With Mental Illness And Their Families: Using The Research Poem In Policy Oriented Research, Rich Furman, Allison Shukraft

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Using the research poem as a tool of data representation, this paper presentsfindingsfrom an analysis of letters sent to President John F. Kennedy regarding the formulation of mental health policy during the early 1960s. The article presents the experiences of consumers of mental health services and their families-shapers and receivers of mentalhealthprovisionsth atareinfrequentlygivenv oice. Traditional thematic analysis was conducted, and data subsequently were represented in three poetic forms:free verse, the pantoum, and the tanka.


The Research Practices And Needs Of Non-Profit Organizations In An Urban Center, Randy Stoecker Dec 2007

The Research Practices And Needs Of Non-Profit Organizations In An Urban Center, Randy Stoecker

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

How do nonprofit organizations use data and research? What challenges do they face in conducting research and managing data? In spring of 2004, 80 nonprofit organizations in Toledo, Ohio returned a survey on their research and data needs and practices. The survey found that nonprofits collect data on a wide variety of topics, but do not use much of the data that they collect, and do not collect much data that could be useful for other groups, particularly neighborhood organizations. The average nonprofit in the survey has five employees and four volunteers who, together, spend 56 hours per week collecting ...


Social Functioning: A Sociological Common Base For Social Work Practice, Thomas J. Blakely, Gregory M. Dziadosz Dec 2007

Social Functioning: A Sociological Common Base For Social Work Practice, Thomas J. Blakely, Gregory M. Dziadosz

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This article describes the experience of a social work mental health agency with Social Role Theory (SRT), that is an organizing concept for the delivery of its assessment and treatment program. SRT has been called the process variable of the program, meaning how services are delivered. Social functioning, a concept taken from SRT, is a treatment outcome. The overall purposes of the article are to describe the contribution of sociology to social work practice, and to advance the argument that social functioning is a common base for social work practice generally.


Review Of International Social Work Research: Issues And Prospects. Tony Tripodi And Miriam Potoky-Tripodi. Reviewed By Teresa Morris., Teresa Morris Dec 2007

Review Of International Social Work Research: Issues And Prospects. Tony Tripodi And Miriam Potoky-Tripodi. Reviewed By Teresa Morris., Teresa Morris

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Tony Tripodi and Miriam Potocky-Tripodi, International Social Work Research: Issues and Prospects. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007. $ 55.00 hardcover, $ 24.95 papercover.


Review Of Welfare Discipline: Discourse, Governance And Globalization. Sanford F. Schram. Reviewed By Pranab Chatterjee And Kathleen M. Alman., Pranab Chatterjee, Kathleen M. Alman Dec 2007

Review Of Welfare Discipline: Discourse, Governance And Globalization. Sanford F. Schram. Reviewed By Pranab Chatterjee And Kathleen M. Alman., Pranab Chatterjee, Kathleen M. Alman

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Sanford F. Schram, Welfare Discipline: Discourse, Governance, and Globalization. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2006. $ 64.50 hardcover, $ 21.95 paperback.


Review Of The Relationship Rights Of Children. James G. Dwyer. Reviewed By Mary Ann Mason., Mary Ann Mason Dec 2007

Review Of The Relationship Rights Of Children. James G. Dwyer. Reviewed By Mary Ann Mason., Mary Ann Mason

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of James G. Dwyer, The Relationship Rights of Children. Cambridge University Press, 2006, $ 55.00 hardcover.


Social Theory: Central Issues In Sociology. John Scott. Dec 2007

Social Theory: Central Issues In Sociology. John Scott.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book note for John Scott, Social Theory: Central Issues in Sociology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2006. $ 99.95 hardcover, $ 37.95 papercover.


Humanitarian Aid Work: A Critical Approach. Carlos Martin Beristain., David K. Androff Dec 2007

Humanitarian Aid Work: A Critical Approach. Carlos Martin Beristain., David K. Androff

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book note for Carlos Martin Beristain, Humanitarian Aid Work: A Critical Approach. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006. $ 59.95 hardcover.


Unsung Heroines: Single Mothers And The American Dream. Ruth Sidel. Dec 2007

Unsung Heroines: Single Mothers And The American Dream. Ruth Sidel.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book note for Ruth Sidel, Unsung Heroines: Single Mothers and the American Dream. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2006. $ 45.00 hardcover, $ 17.95 papercover.


Deadly Worlds: The Emotional Costs Of Globalization. Charles Lemert And Anthony Elliott. Dec 2007

Deadly Worlds: The Emotional Costs Of Globalization. Charles Lemert And Anthony Elliott.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book note for Charles Lemert and Anthony Elliott, Deadly Worlds: The Emotional Costs of Globalization. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2006. $ 19.95 paperback.


Solving The Health Care Problem: How Other Nations Succeeded And Why The United States Has Not. Pamela Behan., Krista Drescher Burke Dec 2007

Solving The Health Care Problem: How Other Nations Succeeded And Why The United States Has Not. Pamela Behan., Krista Drescher Burke

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book note for Pamela Behan, Solving the Health Care Problem: How Other Nations Succeeded and Why the United States Has Not. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2006. $ 60.00 hardcover.


Index Of Volume Xxxiv, Issues 1-4 Dec 2007

Index Of Volume Xxxiv, Issues 1-4

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

No abstract provided.


Public And Private Sources Of Assistance For Low-Income Households, Chi-Fang Wu, Mary Keegan Eamon Dec 2007

Public And Private Sources Of Assistance For Low-Income Households, Chi-Fang Wu, Mary Keegan Eamon

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This study examined the types and combinations of public and private assistance received by three types of low-income households, including those with children, without children, and elderly without children. Using data from the 1996 and 2001 panels of the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), the results indicate that a large percentage of low-income households rely on public assistance, and receipt of private assistance is much less common. Approximately 7% of the sample use both types of assistance. The findings highlight differences in combinations of public and private assistance used by different household types. Wealsofound some significant differences in ...


Review Of The Future Of Europe: Reform Or Decline. Alberto Alesina And Francesco Gianvassi. Reviewed By James Midgley., James Midgley Dec 2007

Review Of The Future Of Europe: Reform Or Decline. Alberto Alesina And Francesco Gianvassi. Reviewed By James Midgley., James Midgley

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Alberto Alesina and Francesco Gianvassi, The Future of Europe: Reform or Decline. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2006. $ 24.95 hardcover.


Review Of Strategic Giving: The Art And Science' Of Philanthropy. Peter Frumkin. Reviewed By Ram Cnaan., Ram Cnaan Dec 2007

Review Of Strategic Giving: The Art And Science' Of Philanthropy. Peter Frumkin. Reviewed By Ram Cnaan., Ram Cnaan

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Peter Frumkin, Strategic Giving: The Art and Science of Philanthropy. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2006. $ 39.00 hardcover.


American Families: Past And Present. Susan M. Ross, Editor., Lorelei Mitchell Dec 2007

American Families: Past And Present. Susan M. Ross, Editor., Lorelei Mitchell

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Susan M. Ross (Ed.), American Families: Past and Present. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2006. $25.95 papercover.


Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 34, No. 4 (December 2007) Dec 2007

Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 34, No. 4 (December 2007)

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • TWO DECADES AFTER MCMARTIN: A FOLLOW-UP OF 22 CONVICTED DAY CARE EMPLOYEES - Mary deYoung
  • NEGOTIATING 'PROFESSIONAL AGENCY': SOCIAL WORK AND DECISION-MAKING WITHIN THE ONTARIO CHILD WELFARE SYSTEM - Henry Parada, Lisa Barnoff, and Brienne Coleman
  • A CRITIQUE OF THE GLOBAL TRAFFICKING DISCOURSE AND U.S. POLICY - Moshoula Capous Desyllas
  • A QUALITATIVE STUDY OF LETTERS TO PRESIDENT KENNEDY FROM PERSONS WITH MENTAL ILLNESS AND THEIR FAMILIES:USING THE RESEARCH POEM IN POLICY ORIENTED RESEARCH - Rich Furman and Allison Shukraft
  • THE RESEARCH PRACTICES AND NEEDS OF NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS IN AN URBAN CENTER - Randy Stoecker
  • PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SOURCES OF ASSISTANCE ...


Review Of Human Behavior For Social Work Practice: A Developmental-Ecological Framework. Wendy Haight And Edward H. Taylor. Reviewed By Marvin D. Feit., Marvin D. Feit Dec 2007

Review Of Human Behavior For Social Work Practice: A Developmental-Ecological Framework. Wendy Haight And Edward H. Taylor. Reviewed By Marvin D. Feit., Marvin D. Feit

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Wendy Haight and Edward H. Taylor, Human Behavior for Social Work Practice: A Developmental-Ecological Framework. Chicago, IL: Lyceum Books, 2006. $ 39.95 papercover.


Community Development Corporations And Public Participation: Lessons From A Case Study In The Arkansas Delta, Valerie H. Hunt Sep 2007

Community Development Corporations And Public Participation: Lessons From A Case Study In The Arkansas Delta, Valerie H. Hunt

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

In this paper, I focus on the role of community development corporations (CDCs) in fostering public participation in the local political process. Using survey and interview data gathered from CDCs operating in the Mississippi Delta region of Arkansas, I show that the CDC is an important intermediary between the citizens and the local political arena. While, according to this study's findings, the CDCs' long-term goal is to develop a lasting sense of efficacy among CDC participants, leading to direct political participation by citizens, the nature of CDC funding does not fully support these efforts. As a result, these critical ...


Advice And Help-Seeking Intentions Among Youth In Israel: Ethnic And Gender Differences, Moshe Sherer Sep 2007

Advice And Help-Seeking Intentions Among Youth In Israel: Ethnic And Gender Differences, Moshe Sherer

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This study addresses intentions to seek advice and help among Jewish and Arab youths in Israel. The sample included 805 Jewish, 159 Moslem, 42 Christian, and 43 Druze youths. Two instruments were used: a demographic questionnaire and a questionnaire on help-seeking intentions. Results indicated that members of the ethnic groups preferred using different sources for advice and help. Compared to Moslem and Druze youths, Jewish youths preferred to turn to fathers, siblings, school counselors, and social workers; Compared to Arab youths, Jewish youths expressed less intention to seek assistancef rom their mothers; and compared to Moslem youths, Jewish youths expressed ...


Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 34, No. 3 (September 2007) Sep 2007

Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 34, No. 3 (September 2007)

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATIONS AND PUBLIC PARTICIPATION: LESSONS FROM A CASE STUDY IN THE ARKANSAS DELTA - Valerie H. Hunt
  • THE ROLE OF INFORMAL SOCIAL NETWORKS IN MICRO-SAVINGS MOBILIZATION - Margaret Lombe and Fred M. Ssewamala
  • ADVICE AND HELP-SEEKING INTENTIONS AMONG YOUTH IN ISRAEL: ETHNIC AND GENDER DIFFERENCES - Moshe Sherer
  • INCARCERATION AND UNWED FATHERS IN FRAGILE FAMILIES - Charles E. Lewis, Jr., Irwin Garfinkel and Qin Gao
  • GREEK-LETTER MEMBERSHIP AND COLLEGE GRADUATION: DOES RACE MATTER? - Ronald E. Severtis, Jr. and C. Andrg Christie-Mizell
  • FROM FINANCIAL LITERACY TO FINANCIAL CAPABILITY AMONG YOUTH - Elizabeth Johnson and Margaret S. Sherraden
  • INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE AND ANIMALS ...


Incarceration And Unwed Fathers In Fragile Families, Charles E. Lewis Jr., Irwin Garfinkel, Qin Gao Sep 2007

Incarceration And Unwed Fathers In Fragile Families, Charles E. Lewis Jr., Irwin Garfinkel, Qin Gao

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Criminal justice policies have resulted in millions of Americans being incarcerated over the past three decades in systems that provide little or no rehabilitation. This study uses a new dataset-The Fragile Families Study-to document poor labor market outcomes that are associated with incarceration. We find that fathers who had been incarcerated earned 28 percent less annually thanfathers who were never incarceratedT hese previously incarceratedfa thers worked less weeks per year, less hours per week and were less likely to be working during the week prior to their interview. We also found that fathers who had been incarcerated were more likely ...


Greek-Letter Membership And College Graduation: Does Race Matter?, Ronald E. Severtis Jr., C. Andre Christie-Mizell Sep 2007

Greek-Letter Membership And College Graduation: Does Race Matter?, Ronald E. Severtis Jr., C. Andre Christie-Mizell

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Research, utilizing a nationally representative sample of 3,712 Americans, revealed that Greek-letter membership increases the probability of college graduation more for African Americans than for European Americans. Conversely, father's education is a more robust predictor of educational outcomes for European Americans compared to their African American counterparts


From Financial Literacy To Financial Capability Among Youth, Elizabeth Johnson, Margaret S. Sherraden Sep 2007

From Financial Literacy To Financial Capability Among Youth, Elizabeth Johnson, Margaret S. Sherraden

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Youth in the United States are facing an increasingly complex and perilous financial world. Economically disadvantaged youth, in particular, lack financial knowledge and access to mainstream financial institutions. Despite growing interest in youth financial literacy, we have not seen comparable efforts to improve access to financial policies and services, especially among disadvantaged youth. Instead of aiming for financial literacy, an approach widely promoted in the United States, we suggest aiming for financial capability, a concept grounded in the writing of Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum. Building on research in the United Kingdom, the paper proposes that financial capability results when ...


Interpersonal Violence And Animals: Mandated Cross-Sector Reporting, Dennis D. Long, Joan H. Long, Shanti J. Kulkarni Sep 2007

Interpersonal Violence And Animals: Mandated Cross-Sector Reporting, Dennis D. Long, Joan H. Long, Shanti J. Kulkarni

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Research indicates an association between interpersonal violence and animal cruelty. This article examine the virtues and limitations of creating statutory authority requiring professionals to report substantiated abuse, neglect, and cruelty across service delivery systems (e.g. child and adult protect services and humane societies). Such a legislative approach authorizes and legitimizes "mandated crosssector reporting." The probative and research value of this type of initiative is examined as well as ethical and political considerations.


Review Of Inequality And Prosperity: Social Europe Vs. Liberal America. Jonas Pontusson. Reviewed By Martin Evans., Martin Evans Sep 2007

Review Of Inequality And Prosperity: Social Europe Vs. Liberal America. Jonas Pontusson. Reviewed By Martin Evans., Martin Evans

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Jonas Pontusson, Inequality and Prosperity: Social Europe vs Liberal America. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2006. $19.95. papercover.


Review Of The Quest For Environmental Justice: Human Rights And The Politics Of Pollution. Robert D. Bullard (Ed.). Reviewed By John G. Mcnutt., John G. Mcnutt Sep 2007

Review Of The Quest For Environmental Justice: Human Rights And The Politics Of Pollution. Robert D. Bullard (Ed.). Reviewed By John G. Mcnutt., John G. Mcnutt

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Robert Bullard (Ed.), The Quest for Environmental Justice: Human Rights and the Politics of Pollution. San Francisco, CA: Sierra Club Books, 2005. $18.95 papercover.