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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

"Curiously Uninvolved": Social Work And Protest Against The War In Vietnam, Susan Kerr Chandler Dec 2004

"Curiously Uninvolved": Social Work And Protest Against The War In Vietnam, Susan Kerr Chandler

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This article reviews four leading social work journals from 1965-1975 for content on the War in Vietnam and the social issues arising from it. It finds that social work's major journals carried nearly no articles, letters, editorials, or short subjects related to the war and concludes that the dominant discourse constructed in the journals excluded meaningful engagement with the war or protest against it.


Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 31, No. 4 (December 2004) Dec 2004

Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 31, No. 4 (December 2004)

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • "CURIOUSLY UNINVOLVED": SOCIAL WORK AND PROTEST AGAINST THE WAR IN VIETNAM - Susan Kerr Chandler
  • LEGISLATING THE FAMILY: HETEROSEXIST BIAS IN SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY FRAMEWORKS - Amy Lind
  • EXAMINING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN COMMUNITY RESIDENTS' ECONOMIC STATUS AND THE OUTCOMES OF COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS - Christopher R. Larrison, Eric Hadley-Ives
  • THE BENEFITS OF MARRIAGE RECONSIDERED - Barbara Wells, Maxine Baca Zinn
  • MEASURING AND INDIGENIZING SOCIAL CAPITAL IN RELATION TO CHILDREN'S STREET WORK IN MEXICO: THE ROLE OF CULTURE IN SHAPING SOCIAL CAPITAL
  • INDICATORS - Kristin M. Ferguson
  • THE WELFARE MYTH: DISENTANGLING THE LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF POVERTY AND WELFARE RECEIPT FOR YOUNG SINGLE ...


Examining The Relationship Between Community Residents' Economic Status And The Outcomes Of Community Development Programs, Christopher R. Larrison, Eric Hadley-Ives Dec 2004

Examining The Relationship Between Community Residents' Economic Status And The Outcomes Of Community Development Programs, Christopher R. Larrison, Eric Hadley-Ives

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

In designing and implementing community development interventions the economic status of targeted participants is a demographic characteristic worth considering. The findings from this research indicate that even within the limited economies of rural Mexican villages there are variations in economic status that affect the ways in which the outcomes of community development programs are perceived. The poorest of the poor are likely to be less satisfied with development projects than those with average or better-off economic status. This is true whether a development project uses a bottomup approach or a top-down approach. The more participatory approach does not attenuate the ...


The Benefits Of Marriage Reconsidered, Barbara Wells, Maxine Baca Zinn Dec 2004

The Benefits Of Marriage Reconsidered, Barbara Wells, Maxine Baca Zinn

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper suggests that analyses of marriage experience take into account both structures of inequality and context. Although marriage is widely viewed as producing economic well-being and family stability, this analysis of a sample of White rural families finds the likelihood of realizing these benefits to be closely related to social class position. Marriage failed to produce these benefits for many working class and poor families. Although gains in economic self-sufficiency are viewed as an explanation for White women's perceived retreat from marriage, the limited opportunity structure for women in this rural place provides a context in which women ...


Measuring And Indigenizing Social Capital In Relation To Children's Street Work In Mexico: The Role Of Culture In Shaping Social Capital Indicators, Kristin M. Ferguson Dec 2004

Measuring And Indigenizing Social Capital In Relation To Children's Street Work In Mexico: The Role Of Culture In Shaping Social Capital Indicators, Kristin M. Ferguson

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Drawing from social capital theory, this study assessed the relevance of existing conceptions of social capital-largely from the United States and Canada-in the Mexican context, in an effort to contribute novel variables to the street-children literature. Using a cross-sectional survey design, 204 mothers of street-working and non-working children were interviewed within one community in Monterrey, Nuevo Le6n, Mexico. Factor analysis was used to corroborate the internal construct validity of two dimensions of social capital: family social capital and community social capital. Findings reveal that culture can play an influential role in how social capital indicators are defined and measured.


The Welfare Myth: Disentangling The Long-Term Effects Of Poverty And Welfare Receipt For Young Single Mothers, Thomas P. Vartanian, Justine M. Mcnamara Dec 2004

The Welfare Myth: Disentangling The Long-Term Effects Of Poverty And Welfare Receipt For Young Single Mothers, Thomas P. Vartanian, Justine M. Mcnamara

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This study investigates the effects of receiving welfare as a young woman on long-term economic and marital outcomes. Specifically, we examine if there are differences between young, single mothers who receive welfare and young, single mothers who are poor but do not receive welfare. Using the 1968-1997 Panel Study of Income Dynamics, our findings suggest those who receive welfare for an extended period as young adults have the same pre-transfer income over a 10 to 20 year period as those who are poor but do not receive welfare as young adults. While we found some differences between the two groups ...


Adoption In The U.S.: The Emergence Of A Social Movement, Frances A. Dellacava, Norma Kolko Phillips, Madeline H. Engel Dec 2004

Adoption In The U.S.: The Emergence Of A Social Movement, Frances A. Dellacava, Norma Kolko Phillips, Madeline H. Engel

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The Adoption Movement, which has been evolving in the U.S. since the late 1970s, is now fully formed. As a proactive, reformative social movement, adoption has reached the organizational, or institutional, stage. Evidence is seen in the roles assumed by government and voluntary agencies and organizations, as well as other systems in society, to support adoption, and in the extent to which adoption has been infused in the American culture, making it a part of our everyday landscape. Implications of the adoption movement for the helping professions are discussed, as is its impact on increasing cultural and racial diversity ...


Intimate Partner Violence And Use Of Welfare Services Among California Women, Rachel Kimerling, Nikki Baumrind Dec 2004

Intimate Partner Violence And Use Of Welfare Services Among California Women, Rachel Kimerling, Nikki Baumrind

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The current study is a population-based investigation of the association between past-year exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) and current welfare use, while also accounting for the effects of other violence experienced in adulthood and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). These data indicate that acute exposure to intimate partner violence is significantly over-represented among women currently on welfare. However, it appears to be a woman's cumulative exposure to interpersonal violence and associated symptoms of PTSD that are uniquely associated with welfare participation. These data highlight the prevalence of violence against women and its consequences for this population. Results ...


Cleavage In American Attitudes Toward Social Welfare, William M. Epstein Dec 2004

Cleavage In American Attitudes Toward Social Welfare, William M. Epstein

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Opinion polls probing both the narrow and broad senses of social welfare among Americans indicate hardly any substantial differences over crucial social sentiments among a variety of groups with at least theoretically divergent interests: rich and poor, men and women, blacks and whites, a variety of ethnic groups, union and nonunion households. The items mainly concern the provision of welfare to the poor through AFDC, now TANF, and Food Stamps but also cover OASDHI. Consistently over more than sixty five years of systematic opinion polling, there is an astonishing consensus, so large in fact that it may undermine any effort ...


Review Of Assessing Outcomes In Child And Family Services: Comparative Design And Policy Issues. Anthony N. Malucchio, Cinzia Canali And Tiziano Vecchiato (Eds.) Reviewed By Sherill Clark., Sherrill Clark Dec 2004

Review Of Assessing Outcomes In Child And Family Services: Comparative Design And Policy Issues. Anthony N. Malucchio, Cinzia Canali And Tiziano Vecchiato (Eds.) Reviewed By Sherill Clark., Sherrill Clark

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Anthony N. Maluccio, Cinzia Canali and Tiziano Vecchiato (Eds.) Assessing Outcomes in Child and Family Services: Comparative Design and Policy Issues. Hawthorne, NY: 2003. $49.95 hardcover, $24.95 papercover.


Review Of Why I Burned My Book And Other Essays On Disability. Paul K. Longmore. Reviewed By Juliet Rothman., Juliet C. Rothman Dec 2004

Review Of Why I Burned My Book And Other Essays On Disability. Paul K. Longmore. Reviewed By Juliet Rothman., Juliet C. Rothman

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Paul K. Longmore, Why I Burned My Book and Other Essays on Disability. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2003. $69.50 papercover.


Review Of Western Welfare In Decline: Globalization And Women's Poverty. Catherine Kingfisher. Reviewed By Silvia Borzutsky., Silvia Borzutzky Dec 2004

Review Of Western Welfare In Decline: Globalization And Women's Poverty. Catherine Kingfisher. Reviewed By Silvia Borzutsky., Silvia Borzutzky

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Catherine Kingfisher, Western Welfare in Decline: Globalization and Women's Poverty. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003. $49.95 hardcover, $21.95 papercover.


Review Of Newcomers To Old Towns: Suburbanization Of The Heartland. Sonya Salamon. Reviewed By Joseph Deering., Joseph A. Deering Dec 2004

Review Of Newcomers To Old Towns: Suburbanization Of The Heartland. Sonya Salamon. Reviewed By Joseph Deering., Joseph A. Deering

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Sonja Salamon, Newcomers to Old Towns: Suburbanization of the Heartland. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. $35.00 hardcover.


Review Of Crime, Control And Social Justice: A Delicate Balance. Darnell F Hawkins, Samuel L. Meyers, Jr. And Randolph N. Stone (Eds.). Reviewed By Elizabeth Pomeroy., Elizabeth C. Pomeroy Dec 2004

Review Of Crime, Control And Social Justice: A Delicate Balance. Darnell F Hawkins, Samuel L. Meyers, Jr. And Randolph N. Stone (Eds.). Reviewed By Elizabeth Pomeroy., Elizabeth C. Pomeroy

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Darnell E Hawkins, Samuel L. Myers, and Randolph N. Stone (Editors). Crime Control and Social Justice: The Delicate Balance. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 2003. $79.95 hardcover.


Review Of The Persistence Of Poverty In The United States. Garth L. Mangum, Stephen L. Mangum And Andrew M. Sum. The Two-Income Trap: Why Middle Class Mothers And Fathers Are Going Broke. Elizabeth Warren And Amelia Warren Tyagi. Reviewed By James Midgley., James Midgley Dec 2004

Review Of The Persistence Of Poverty In The United States. Garth L. Mangum, Stephen L. Mangum And Andrew M. Sum. The Two-Income Trap: Why Middle Class Mothers And Fathers Are Going Broke. Elizabeth Warren And Amelia Warren Tyagi. Reviewed By James Midgley., James Midgley

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Garth L. Mangum, Stephen L. Mangum and Andrew M. Sum, The Persistence of Poverty in the United States. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003. $19.95 papercover. Elizabeth Warren.and Amelia Warren Tyagi, The Two-income Trap: Why Middle Class Mothers and Fathers are Going Broke. New York: Basic Books, 2003. $26.00 hardcover.


Seasons Such As These: How Homelessness Took Shape In America. Cynthia J. Bogard., Robert Leighninger Dec 2004

Seasons Such As These: How Homelessness Took Shape In America. Cynthia J. Bogard., Robert Leighninger

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book note for Cynthia J. Bogard, Seasons Such as These: How Homelessness Took Shape in America. Hawthorne, NY: Aldyne de Gruyter, 2003, $41.95 hardcover, $21.95 papercover


Social Work And Aging In An Aging Society: Education, Policy, Practice And Research. Barbara Berkman And Linda Harootyan (Eds.)., Judie Svihula Dec 2004

Social Work And Aging In An Aging Society: Education, Policy, Practice And Research. Barbara Berkman And Linda Harootyan (Eds.)., Judie Svihula

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book note for Barbara Berkman and Linda Harootyan (Eds.), Social Work and Health Care in an Aging Society: Education, Policy, Practice and Research. New York: Springer Publishing Co., 2003. $ 52.95 hardcover.


Drugs, Alcohol And Social Problems. James D. Orcut And David R. Rudy (Eds.)., Sean R. Hogan Dec 2004

Drugs, Alcohol And Social Problems. James D. Orcut And David R. Rudy (Eds.)., Sean R. Hogan

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book note for James D. Orcutt and David R. Rudy (Eds.), Drugs, Alcohol, and Social Problems. Lanham, MD: Rowan and Littlefield, 2003. $72.00 hardcover, $29.95 papercover.


Regressive Taxation And The Welfare State: Path Dependence And Policy Diffusion. Junko Kato., Michael Courville Dec 2004

Regressive Taxation And The Welfare State: Path Dependence And Policy Diffusion. Junko Kato., Michael Courville

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book note for Junko Kato, Regressive Taxation and the Welfare State: Path Dependence and Policy Diffusion. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003. $55.00 hardcover.


Public Pensions: Gender And Civic Service In The States, 1850-1937. Susan M. Sterett., James Midgley Dec 2004

Public Pensions: Gender And Civic Service In The States, 1850-1937. Susan M. Sterett., James Midgley

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book note for Susan M. Sterett, Public Pensions: Gender and Civic Service in the States, 1850-1937. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2003. $ 39.95 papercover.


Legislating The Family: Heterosexist Bias In Social Welfare Policy Frameworks, Amy Lind Dec 2004

Legislating The Family: Heterosexist Bias In Social Welfare Policy Frameworks, Amy Lind

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This article addresses the effects of heterosexist bias in social welfare policy frameworks on lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) individuals and families in the United States. It discusses the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA), the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), federal definitions of family and household, and stereotypes about LGBT individuals. It argues that poor LGBT individuals and families lack full citizen rights and access to needed social services as a result of these explicit and implicit biases.


Presidents, Profits, Productivity, & Poverty: A Great Divide Between The Pre- & Post-Reagan U.S. Economy?, Richard K. Caputo Sep 2004

Presidents, Profits, Productivity, & Poverty: A Great Divide Between The Pre- & Post-Reagan U.S. Economy?, Richard K. Caputo

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper examined profits, productivity, and poverty in the United States from 1961 through 2002. Results indicated that the "great divide" thesis regarding the U.S. economy before and after the Reagan administration depends on which measure of the economy is the focus of attention. In addition, on some measures where before and after differences were detected, the nature of those differences was paradoxical. Corporate profits as a share of national income, for example, were highest in Democratic rather than Republican administrations and despite the increased income inequality of the post-Reagan years, individual and family poverty rates remained relatively constant ...


Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 31, No. 3 (September 2004) Sep 2004

Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 31, No. 3 (September 2004)

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • PRESIDENTS, PROFITS, PRODUCTIVITY, & POVERTY: A GREAT DIVIDE BETWEEN THE PRE- AND POST-REAGAN U.S. ECONOMY? - Richard K. Caputo
  • LOSING THE "EYES IN THE BACK OF OUR HEADS": SOCIAL SERVICE SKILLS, LEAN CARING, AND VIOLENCE - Donna Baines
  • THE DECLINE OF THE PUBLIC INTELLECTUAL IN SOCIAL WORK - Howard Jacob Karger, Marie Theresa Herndndez
  • INFORMAL CARE-TWO-TIERED CARE? THE WORK OF FAMILY MEMBERS AND FRIENDS IN HOSPITALS AND CANCER CENTRES - Christina Sinding
  • ECONOMIC WELL-BEING OF SINGLE MOTHERS: WORK FIRST OR POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION? - Min Zhan, Shanta Pandey
  • WHAT MOTHERS WANT: WELFARE REFORM AND MATERNAL DESIRE - Patricia K. Jennings
  • SUPPORTIVE COMMUNITIES, AN OPTIMUM ...


The Decline Of The Public Intellectual In Social Work, Howard Jacob Karger, Marie Theresa Herndndez Sep 2004

The Decline Of The Public Intellectual In Social Work, Howard Jacob Karger, Marie Theresa Herndndez

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This article examines reasons for social work's abandonment of public discourse, activism and intellectual life. It also explores strategies to encourage the profession to reenter public life and develop a modern cadre of social work identified public intellectuals. Specifically, this process entails professional and academic reform and a renewed vision around the social justice mission of social work.


What Mothers Want: Welfare Reform And Maternal Desire, Patricia K. Jennings Sep 2004

What Mothers Want: Welfare Reform And Maternal Desire, Patricia K. Jennings

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

In this study I use participant observations,face-to-face interviews, and focus group interviews to examine how women on welfare read and negotiate culture-of-poverty discourse and the imagery that this discourse spawns. I spoke with two groups of young single mothers receiving welfare. The first group included young mothers between the ages of 18 and 23 who were attending high school in a community-based program that served women on welfare. The second group included mothers in their early to mid 20's who were attending either a local two-year college or research university. Education was a path of resistance for the ...


Supportive Communities, An Optimum Arrangement For The Older Population?, Miriam Billig Sep 2004

Supportive Communities, An Optimum Arrangement For The Older Population?, Miriam Billig

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The preference of older people to stay in their own natural environment requires a reassessment of the approach in dealing with this population group. This exploratory study examines a program conducted in Israel called the "Supportive Community", that provides an emergency call service and other essential services at the homes of older people. A case study was performed in two such supportive communities. Interviews conducted with those who operate the programs and with its members seem to indicate that supportive communities provide a satisfactory solution to the needs of older people who continue to live in their natural environment. Many ...


Self-Help Group Participation And Empowerment In Hong Kong, Bong-Ho Mok Sep 2004

Self-Help Group Participation And Empowerment In Hong Kong, Bong-Ho Mok

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper reports on the first comprehensive study of self-help groups in Hong Kong. Initial findings from the quantative and qualitative data suggest that self-help group participation has an impact on intrapersonal, interpersonal and community/political empowerment. Based on existing data, this study has resulted in the development of a hypothetical model encompassing the interrelationships among self-help group participation, social support, social learning, leadership and empowerment, for testing in future research.


Review Of Global Decisions, Local Collisions: Urban Life In The New World Order. David Ranney. Reviewed By Robert L. Boyd., Robert L. Boyd Sep 2004

Review Of Global Decisions, Local Collisions: Urban Life In The New World Order. David Ranney. Reviewed By Robert L. Boyd., Robert L. Boyd

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of David Ranney, Global Decisions, Local Collisions: Urban Life in the New World Order. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2003. $69.50 paperback.


Review Of The Color Of Credit: Mortgage Discrimination, Research Methodology And Fair Lending Enforcement. Stephen L. Ross And John Yinger. Reviewed By Howard Jacob Karger., Howard Jacob Karger Sep 2004

Review Of The Color Of Credit: Mortgage Discrimination, Research Methodology And Fair Lending Enforcement. Stephen L. Ross And John Yinger. Reviewed By Howard Jacob Karger., Howard Jacob Karger

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Stephen L. Ross and John Yinger, The Color of Credit: Mortgage Discrimination, Research Methodology and Fair Lending Enforcement. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003. $39.95 hardcover.


Review Of Evaluation In Child And Family Services: Comparative Client And Program Perspectives. Tiziano Vecchiato, Anthony N. Malucchio And Cinzia Canali (Eds.). Reviewed By Victor Groza., Victor Groza Sep 2004

Review Of Evaluation In Child And Family Services: Comparative Client And Program Perspectives. Tiziano Vecchiato, Anthony N. Malucchio And Cinzia Canali (Eds.). Reviewed By Victor Groza., Victor Groza

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Tiziano Vecchiato, Anthony N. Malucchio and Cinzia Canali (Eds), Evaluation in Child and Family Services: Comparative Client and Program Perspectives. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter, 2003. $49.95 hardcover, $24.95 papercover.