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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Study Of Reasons For Non-Payment Of Child Support By Non-Custodial Parents, Sumati N. Dubey Dec 1995

A Study Of Reasons For Non-Payment Of Child Support By Non-Custodial Parents, Sumati N. Dubey

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The federal government became involved with child support in 1935 when it established Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) under the Social Security Act, 1935 to allow communities to be financially responsible for children whose parents had died or had deserted them. (Lieberman, 1986). The Child Support and Establishment of Paternity Act (1975) created title IV-D of the Social Security Act (PL93-647), made the Department of Health and Human Services responsible for administering the Child Support Enforcement Program, and created the Federal Office of Child Support Enforcement. Title IV-D required all states to: 1) Establish a parent locator service ...


Review Of The Scar Of Race. Paul M. Sniderman And Thomas Piazza. Reviewed By Barbara W. White, University Of Texas At Austin., Barbara W. White Dec 1995

Review Of The Scar Of Race. Paul M. Sniderman And Thomas Piazza. Reviewed By Barbara W. White, University Of Texas At Austin., Barbara W. White

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Paul M. Sniderman and Thomas Piazza, The Scar of Race. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993. $19.95 hardcover.


Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 22, No. 4 (December 1995) Dec 1995

Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 22, No. 4 (December 1995)

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • DEMOGRAPHIC DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SHELTERED HOMELESS FAMILIES AND HOUSED POOR FAMILIES: IMPLICATIONS FOR POLICY AND PRACTICE - Alice K. Johnson, Kay Young McChesney, Cynthia J. Rocha, and William H. Butterfield
  • THE PROBLEMATICS OF REPRESENTATION IN COMMUNITY MEDIATION HEARINGS: IMPLICATIONS FOR MEDIATION PRACTICE - Angela Garcia
  • BETWEEN FAMILY OBLIGATION AND SOCIAL CARE-THE SIGNIFICANCE OF INSTITUTIONAL CARE FOR THE ELDERLY IN JAPAN - Raija Hashimoto and Mutsuko Takahashi
  • AMERASIAN REFUGEES: SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS, SERVICE NEEDS, AND MENTAL HEALTH - Hisashi Hirayama and Muammer Cetingok
  • FROM WELFARE STATE TO SOCIAL COMPACTS: WELFARE TRANSFORMATION IN POLAND - David Stoesz and Mark W. Lusk
  • MAXIMIZING CREDIBILITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY IN ...


Maximizing Credibility And Accountability In Qualitative Data Collection And Data Analysis: A Social Work Research Case Example, Sandra K. Beeman Dec 1995

Maximizing Credibility And Accountability In Qualitative Data Collection And Data Analysis: A Social Work Research Case Example, Sandra K. Beeman

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

A case example demonstrates the use of qualitative methods of data collection and data analysis that balance structure and flexibility, and maximize credibility and accountability. Data collection methods use sensitizing concepts from past research and theory and allow for the discovery of respondent-defined meanings. This approach comparatively analyzes cases, structures and documents data analysis steps, and utilizes external reviewers of case materials. The development and use of methods that maximize credibility and accountability will increase their acceptance among social workers and will benefit the profession by adding empirically-grounded depth and insight to its knowledge base.


Amerasian Refugees: Social Characteristics, Service Needs, And Mental Health, Hisashi Hirayama, Muammer Cetingok Dec 1995

Amerasian Refugees: Social Characteristics, Service Needs, And Mental Health, Hisashi Hirayama, Muammer Cetingok

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Since 1983, more than 34,000 Amerasians and their 48,000 accompanying family members from Vietnam have been resettled in the United States of America. Having American fathers whose race and ethnicity are very differentfrom traditional Vietnamese, these children were considered outcasts by members of their own culture and,for the most part, led marginal lives in Vietnam. This article presents findings of a study conducted on a sample of 80 Amerasian refugees who have resettled in a large Southern city within the last two years. The study's intent was to identify the current social characteristics, service needs, and ...


Demographic Differences Between Sheltered Homeless Families And Housed Poor Families: Implications For Policy And Practice, Alice K. Johnson, Kay Young Mcchesney, Cynthia J. Rocha, William H. Butterfield Dec 1995

Demographic Differences Between Sheltered Homeless Families And Housed Poor Families: Implications For Policy And Practice, Alice K. Johnson, Kay Young Mcchesney, Cynthia J. Rocha, William H. Butterfield

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This study compares homeless families with a representative sample of low income family households in St. Louis city and county to determine how they differ on key demographic variables. The research addresses methodological problems in prior research by comparing the findings of this study's random sample to the findings of four previous comparison studies. Findings from this study's random comparison sample are presented. Homeless families are significantly younger, never married, female-headed families of color. Housed and homeless families are not significantly different in the number of children or in the educational level of the head of household but ...


Review Of New Perspectives On The Northern Ireland Conflict. Adrian Guelke (Ed.). Reviewed By John F. Jones, University Of Denver., John F. Jones Dec 1995

Review Of New Perspectives On The Northern Ireland Conflict. Adrian Guelke (Ed.). Reviewed By John F. Jones, University Of Denver., John F. Jones

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Adrian Guelke (Ed.), New Perspectives on the Northern Ireland Conflict. Brookfield, VT: Avebury, 1994. $54.95 hardcover.


Sociology And The Race Problem: Failure Of A Perspective. James B. Mckee. Reviewed By Charles Jaret, Georgia State University., Charles Jaret Dec 1995

Sociology And The Race Problem: Failure Of A Perspective. James B. Mckee. Reviewed By Charles Jaret, Georgia State University., Charles Jaret

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

James B. McKee, Sociology and the Race Problem: The Failure of a Perspective. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1993. $39.95 hardcover, $16.95 papercover.


Public Spending On Income-Tested Social Welfare Programs For Investment And Consumption Purposes, Martha N. Ozawa Dec 1995

Public Spending On Income-Tested Social Welfare Programs For Investment And Consumption Purposes, Martha N. Ozawa

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The Clinton administration contends that public spending for investment should be increased, but public spending for consumption should be decreased. This article reports findings from a study that investigated the trend in public spending from 1975 to 1992 for social welfare programs that are targeted to low-income families and individuals. The study found that public spending for social welfare programs for investment purposes declined generally during that period and public spending for consumption purposes increased primarily because of the increase in medical benefits.


Between Family Obligation And Social Care-The Significance Of Institutional Care For The Elderly In Japan, Raija Hashimoto, Mutsuko Takahashi Dec 1995

Between Family Obligation And Social Care-The Significance Of Institutional Care For The Elderly In Japan, Raija Hashimoto, Mutsuko Takahashi

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The multifaceted significance of institutional care for elderly people in contemporary Japan is analyzed. An overview of the changes in the demographic structure in Japan is provided. Changes in the social environment of care for elderly people in the postwar period are discussed. In regard to the recent trends of welfare policy for elderly people, development of the variety of institutional care for the elderly is briefly described. By providing concrete examples of cases observed at an institution where the first author of this article has been working for many years, analysis is made of what causes individuals to opt ...


Race And Culture: A World View. Thomas Sowell. Dec 1995

Race And Culture: A World View. Thomas Sowell.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Thomas Sowell, Race and Culture: A World View. New York: Basic Books, 1994. $24 hardcover.


Negotiators Of Change: Historical Perspectives On Native American Women. Nancy Shoemaker. Dec 1995

Negotiators Of Change: Historical Perspectives On Native American Women. Nancy Shoemaker.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Nancy Shoemaker (Ed.), Negotiators of Change: Historical Perspectives on Native American Women. New York: Routledge, 1995. $17.95 papercover.


Experiencing And Counseling Multicultural And Diverse Populations. Nicholas A. Vacc, Susan B. De Vaney And Joe Wittmer (Eds.). Dec 1995

Experiencing And Counseling Multicultural And Diverse Populations. Nicholas A. Vacc, Susan B. De Vaney And Joe Wittmer (Eds.).

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Nicholas A. Vacc, Susan B. De Vaney and Joe Wittmer (Eds.), Experiencing and Counseling Multicultural and Diverse Populations. Bristol, PA: Taylor and Francis, 1995. $34.95 hardcover.


The Problematics Of Representation In Community Mediation Hearings: Implications For Mediation Practice, Angela Garcia Dec 1995

The Problematics Of Representation In Community Mediation Hearings: Implications For Mediation Practice, Angela Garcia

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Empowering disputants to represent themselves and create their own agreement is a frequently cited goal of community mediation programs. This paper explores how disputants' positions and interests are represented in mediation, and investigates the implications of such representation for the negotiation process. This narrative analysis of transcripts of videotaped community mediation hearings shows that disputant self-representation in mediation is never unconstrained. The interactional organization of mediation and the actions of mediators work to limit and define how disputants formulate their utterances. Mediator representation of disputants varies in the degree of intervention or coercion applied. Mediators may limit themselves to rephrasing ...


Color, Culture, Civilization: Race And Minority Issues In American Society. Stanford M. Lyman. Dec 1995

Color, Culture, Civilization: Race And Minority Issues In American Society. Stanford M. Lyman.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Stanford M. Lyman, Color, Culture, Civilization: Race and Minority Issues in American Society. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1994. $44.95 hardcover.


Review Of The Color Of Welfare: How Racism Undermined The War On Poverty. Jill Quadagno. Reviewed By James Midgley, Louisiana State University., James Midgley Dec 1995

Review Of The Color Of Welfare: How Racism Undermined The War On Poverty. Jill Quadagno. Reviewed By James Midgley, Louisiana State University., James Midgley

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Jill Quadagno, The Color of Welfare: How Racism Undermined the War on Poverty. New York: Oxford University Press, 1004. $24.00 hardcover.


Review Of Research On The African-American Family: A Holistic Perspective. Robert B. Hill. Reviewed By Dorcas D. Bowles, University Of Texas At Arlington., Dorcas D. Bowles Dec 1995

Review Of Research On The African-American Family: A Holistic Perspective. Robert B. Hill. Reviewed By Dorcas D. Bowles, University Of Texas At Arlington., Dorcas D. Bowles

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Robert B. Hill, Research on the African-American Family: A Holistic Perspective. Westport, CT: Auburn House, 1993. $47.95 hardcover; $15.95 papercover.


Multicultural Clients: A Professional Handbook For Health Care Providers And Social Workers. Sybil M. Lassiter. Dec 1995

Multicultural Clients: A Professional Handbook For Health Care Providers And Social Workers. Sybil M. Lassiter.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Sybil M. Lassiter, Multicultural Clients: A Professional Handbook for Health Care Providers and Social Workers. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1995. $65.00 hardcover.


Equal Employment Opportunity: Labor Market Discrimination And Public Policy. Paul Burstein (Ed.). Dec 1995

Equal Employment Opportunity: Labor Market Discrimination And Public Policy. Paul Burstein (Ed.).

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Paul Burstein (Ed.) Equal Employment Opportunity: Labor Market Discrimination and Public Policy. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter, 1994. $54.95 hardcover, $25.95 papercover.


From Welfare State To Social Compacts: Welfare Transformation In Poland, David Stoesz, Mark W. Lusk Dec 1995

From Welfare State To Social Compacts: Welfare Transformation In Poland, David Stoesz, Mark W. Lusk

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Recent social, political, and economic development have strained the credibility of conventional constructs for organizing social welfare. In contrast to the "welfare state" construct that evolved during the industrial era, a "Social Compact" model is presented as more consonant with a postindustrial context. Features of the social compact are discussed, as well as its applicability to Poland.


Contemporary Urban Sociology. William G. Flannagan. Sep 1995

Contemporary Urban Sociology. William G. Flannagan.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

William G. Flannagan. Contemporary Urban Sociology. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. $49.95 hardcover, $14.95 papercover.


An Opportunity Lost: The Failure Of The Michigan Commission On Death And Dying, Joseph Ellin Sep 1995

An Opportunity Lost: The Failure Of The Michigan Commission On Death And Dying, Joseph Ellin

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The Michigan Commission on Death and Dying was created to advise the state legislature on the politically volatile question of assisted suicide. Proposals were considered to allow assisted suicide with safeguards, and to continue the state's temporary absolute ban. Because of the political composition of the Commission, however, no consensus was reached, and the opportunity to enact humane but careful legislation seems to have passed. This paper examines the proposals the Commission considered, the alliances reflected in the voting, and some problems the Commission failed to address.


Policy Implementation In Social Welfare: A Framework For Analysis, Valire Carr Copeland, Sandra Wexler Sep 1995

Policy Implementation In Social Welfare: A Framework For Analysis, Valire Carr Copeland, Sandra Wexler

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

A review of the research on implementation of federal-state partnership programs indicates a need for more analyses of the post-legislative phase of social welfare policy. This paper addresses the importance of research on policy implementation in social welfare. It examines some critical tools in the policy implementation analysis process, presents a framework for analysis, and offers recommendations to stimulate interest in the study of the implementation process.


Review Of The Decomposition Of Sociology. Irving Louis Horowitz. Reviewed By William W. Falk, University Of Maryland., William W. Falk Sep 1995

Review Of The Decomposition Of Sociology. Irving Louis Horowitz. Reviewed By William W. Falk, University Of Maryland., William W. Falk

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Irving Louis Horowitz. The Decomposition of Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press. 1993. $35.00 hardcover.


Researching Social Networks In Action, Kenneth C. Banks, Marshall J. Mangan Sep 1995

Researching Social Networks In Action, Kenneth C. Banks, Marshall J. Mangan

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Many communities across Canada today are challenged by conditions that approach social and economic disintegration. As agencies of the state cut back their financial support of welfare services, citizens are faced with both increasing levels of stress and fewer forms of relief provided by established institutions. For researchers, the challenges of a shrinking resource base are compounded by ongoing epistemological and methodological controversies within social science. The recent emergence of a "postmodern" critique of traditional social-scientific methodology arises from some profound reorientations in the philosophy and the social context of the social sciences, reorientations that are reflective of fundamental economic ...


Constructing An Ecology Of Foster Care: An Analysis Of The Entry And Exit Patterns Of Foster Homes, Lorna F. Hurl, David J. Tucker Sep 1995

Constructing An Ecology Of Foster Care: An Analysis Of The Entry And Exit Patterns Of Foster Homes, Lorna F. Hurl, David J. Tucker

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper aims to illustrate the viability of using concepts and theoretical arguments from organization ecology to analyze dynamic change processes in foster care. The general topic is the relationship between foster homes and their environments. The specific focus is the effects of the environment on the entry and exit patterns of new foster homes. Drawing on our earlier studies of the 23 year history of a population of foster homes, various hypotheses shown to have validity in accounting for the processes underlying the founding and disbanding offormal organizations, also apply in the case of the entry and exit processes ...


Review Of Classical Sociological Theory. Jonathan H. Turner. Reviewed By Valerie A. Haines, The University Of Calgary., Valerie A. Haines Sep 1995

Review Of Classical Sociological Theory. Jonathan H. Turner. Reviewed By Valerie A. Haines, The University Of Calgary., Valerie A. Haines

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Jonathan Turner. Classical Sociological Theory: A Positivist's Perspective. Chicago, IL: Nelson Hall, 1993. $ 18.95 papercover.


Review Of Kinship With Strangers: Adoption And Interpretations Of Kinship In American Culture. Judith S. Modell. Reviewed By Dorina N. Novle, Louisiana State University., Dorinda N. Noble Sep 1995

Review Of Kinship With Strangers: Adoption And Interpretations Of Kinship In American Culture. Judith S. Modell. Reviewed By Dorina N. Novle, Louisiana State University., Dorinda N. Noble

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Judith S. Modell. Kinship with Strangers: Adoption and Interpretations of Kinship in American Culture. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1994. $35 hardcover.


Families In Troubled Times: Adapting To Change In Rural America. Rand D. Conger And Glen H. Elder. Sep 1995

Families In Troubled Times: Adapting To Change In Rural America. Rand D. Conger And Glen H. Elder.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Rand D. Conger and Glen H. Elder, Families in Troubled Times: Adapting to Change in Rural America. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter, 1994. $46.95 hardcover; $23.95 papercover.


Review Of Small Group Research: A Handbook. A. Paul Hare, Herbert H. Blumberg, Martin F. Davies And Valerie Kent. Reviewed By Kenneth E. Reid, Western Michigan University., Kenneth E. Reid Sep 1995

Review Of Small Group Research: A Handbook. A. Paul Hare, Herbert H. Blumberg, Martin F. Davies And Valerie Kent. Reviewed By Kenneth E. Reid, Western Michigan University., Kenneth E. Reid

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

A. Paul Hare, Herbert H. Blumberg, Martin F. Davies, and M. Valerie Kent. Small Group Research: A Handbook. Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing Corp., 1994. $89.50 hardcover $42.50 papercover.