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Articles 1 - 30 of 107

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

It's The Budget, Stupid: A Policy Analysis Of Clinton's First Budget, James Max Fendrich, Jamie Miller, Tim Nickel Dec 1994

It's The Budget, Stupid: A Policy Analysis Of Clinton's First Budget, James Max Fendrich, Jamie Miller, Tim Nickel

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper analyzes President Clinton's first budget. Clinton's budget is his public policy. The budget is compared to Clinton's three stated objectives of stimulating the economy, investing in the future and reducing the deficit. His proposed budget and subsequent modifications are also compared to the budgets of previous administrations. In contrast to Reagan's first budget, which was a radical modification of public policy, Clinton's budget is only an incremental change from the public policies of the Reagan/Bush years.


Analyzing Administrative Experiences: Feminist, Labor, And Organizational Culture Perspectives, Joan L. Arches, Paula Schneider Dec 1994

Analyzing Administrative Experiences: Feminist, Labor, And Organizational Culture Perspectives, Joan L. Arches, Paula Schneider

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

A framework is offered for making organizational assessment for change using feminist, labor, and organizational culture perspectives. A vision of a humane work environment is important. The labor literature provides the critical analysis, the feminist perspective provides alternatives, and the concept of organizational culture provides the tool for assessment. Based on an exploratory study with women administrators, the authors look at how differences in values are reflected in the administration and structure of feminist and traditional agencies.


Review Of Gangs: The Origins And Impact Of Contemporary Youth Gangs In The United States. Scott Cummings And Daniel J. Monti. Reviewed By James W. Callicut, The University Of Texas At Arlington., James W. Callicut Dec 1994

Review Of Gangs: The Origins And Impact Of Contemporary Youth Gangs In The United States. Scott Cummings And Daniel J. Monti. Reviewed By James W. Callicut, The University Of Texas At Arlington., James W. Callicut

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Scott Cummings and Daniel J. Monti (Eds). Gangs: The Origins and Impact of Contemporary Youth Gangs in the United States. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1993. $59.50 hardcover; $19.95 papercover.


Review Of New Foundations For Scientific Social And Behavioral Research: The Heuristic Paradigm. Katherine Tyson. Reviewed By Gary Mathews, Western Michigan University., Gary Mathews Dec 1994

Review Of New Foundations For Scientific Social And Behavioral Research: The Heuristic Paradigm. Katherine Tyson. Reviewed By Gary Mathews, Western Michigan University., Gary Mathews

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Katherine Tyson. New Foundations for Scientific Social and Behavioral Research: The Heuristic Paradigm. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1995. Hardcover. $48.00.


Women, Violence And Crime Prevention. Jalna Hanmer And Sheila Saunders. Dec 1994

Women, Violence And Crime Prevention. Jalna Hanmer And Sheila Saunders.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Jalna Hanmer and Sheila Saunders. Women, Violence and Crime Prevention. Aldershot, England: Avebury, 1993. $59.95. (Distributed in the United States by Ashgate Publishing Co., Old Post Road, Brookfield, VT 05036)


Review Of Juvenile Gangs. Herbert C. Covey, Scott Menard And Robert J. Franzese. Springfield, Il: Charles C. Thomas, 1992., James W. Callicut Dec 1994

Review Of Juvenile Gangs. Herbert C. Covey, Scott Menard And Robert J. Franzese. Springfield, Il: Charles C. Thomas, 1992., James W. Callicut

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Herbert C. Covey, Scott Menard and Robert J. Franzese. Juvenile Gangs. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas, 1992. $54.75 hardcover.


Contructionist Controversies. Gale Miller And James A. Holstein. Dec 1994

Contructionist Controversies. Gale Miller And James A. Holstein.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Gale Miller and James A. Holstein (Eds.). Constructionist Controversies. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter, 1993. $22.95 papercover. James A. Holstein and Gale Miller (Eds.). Reconsidering Social Constructionism. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de gruyter, 1993. $74.95 hardcover.


Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 21, No. 4 (December 1994) Dec 1994

Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 21, No. 4 (December 1994)

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • IT'S THE BUDGET, STUPID: A POLICY ANALYSIS OF CLINTON'S FIRST BUDGET - James Max Fendrich, Jamie Miller, Tim Nickel
  • STATE WELFARE REFORMS: TYPOLOGY AND ANALYSIS - Malinda B. Orlin
  • NEW OPPORTUNITIES, NEW RESPONSIBILITIES: WELFARE REFORM IN WYOMING - Mark W. Lusk, Joseph D. Nies
  • HOW TO HELP THE WORKING POOR DEVELOP ASSETS - John R. Belcher
  • ASSETS AND FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT AMONG POOR HOUSEHOLDS IN EXTREME POVERTY NEIGHBORHOODS - Cathleen M. Finn, Paz M-B. Zorita, Claudia Coulton
  • ROOMS FOR THE MISBEGOTTEN: SOCIAL DESIGN AND SOCIAL DEVIANCE - Bruce A. Arrigo
  • SYMBOLIC VIOLENCE AND SOCIAL CONTROL IN THE POST-TOTAL INSTITUTION ERA - John W ...


Symbolic Violence And Social Control In The Post-Total Institution Era, John W. Murphy, John T. Pardeck, Woo Sik Chung, Jung Min Choi Dec 1994

Symbolic Violence And Social Control In The Post-Total Institution Era, John W. Murphy, John T. Pardeck, Woo Sik Chung, Jung Min Choi

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Subsequent to the passage of the Community Mental Health Act in 1963, the "Total Institutions" described by Goffman have for the most part disappeared. Nonetheless, many writers charge that social control is still the primary function of mental health programs, even those that are identified as community-based. The new methods of control have not received widespread attention. In community-based programs control is operationalized in the form of "symbolic violence." This paper examines the various factors that contribute to this style of violence.


State Welfare Reforms: Typology And Analysis, Malinda B. Orlin Dec 1994

State Welfare Reforms: Typology And Analysis, Malinda B. Orlin

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Recent state initiatives to change the AFDC program are usually described as a unified welfare reform movement with the single goal of decreasing welfare usage. However, analysis of state waiver applications submitted to HHS finds no single purpose in the reforms. Additionally, the net effect of the state experiments would be to increase usage by expanding eligibility.


Defining Success: The Politics Of Evaluation In Alcohol And Drug Abuse Treatment Programs, James L. Wolk, David J. Hartmann, William P. Sullivan Dec 1994

Defining Success: The Politics Of Evaluation In Alcohol And Drug Abuse Treatment Programs, James L. Wolk, David J. Hartmann, William P. Sullivan

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Alcohol and drug abuse treatment programs must respond to several important stakeholders or beneficiaries of services who have an investment in how success is defined. Utilizing data from recent statewide studies of treatment outcomes of alcohol and drug abuse services, this paper concludes that a strict adherence to an abstinence-only model of success, rigidly adopted by many in the treatment industry is counterproductive. Multiple measures of success are essential to fully understand and assess a changing model of intervention in the chemical dependency field.


Assets And Financial Management Among Poor Households In Extreme Poverty Neighborhoods, Cathleen M. Finn, Paz M-B. Zorita, Claudia Coulton Dec 1994

Assets And Financial Management Among Poor Households In Extreme Poverty Neighborhoods, Cathleen M. Finn, Paz M-B. Zorita, Claudia Coulton

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Proposals supporting the accumulation of assets in poor households are hopeful of creating upward mobility. The experiences of poor families in managing assets and other elements of daily economic life were explored through interviews with low-income Hispanic and Anglo families. All families exhibited planning and management skills needed for assets accumulation, but were unable to escape the effects of unrewarding neighborhood environments. Assets did not provide clear avenues out of poverty. If assets-based programs are to raise the economic status of poor families in extreme poverty neighborhoods they must include mechanisms to protect value and reduce uncertainty.


Discretion In Criminal Justice: The Tension Between Individualization And Uniformity. Lloyd E. Ohlin And Frank J. Remmington. Dec 1994

Discretion In Criminal Justice: The Tension Between Individualization And Uniformity. Lloyd E. Ohlin And Frank J. Remmington.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Lloyd E. Ohlin and Frank J. Remmington (Eds.). Discretion in Criminal Justice: The Tension between Individualization and Uniformity. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1993. $65.50 hardcover. $21.95 papercover.


Inequality, Crime And Control. George S. Bridges And Martha Myers. Dec 1994

Inequality, Crime And Control. George S. Bridges And Martha Myers.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

George S. Bridges and Martha Myers (Eds.), Inequality, Crime and Control. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1994. $59.95 hardcover; $22.95 papercover.


The Rise And Fall Of California's Radical Prison Movement. Eric Cummins. Dec 1994

The Rise And Fall Of California's Radical Prison Movement. Eric Cummins.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Eric Cummins: The Rise and Fall of California's Radical Prison Movement. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994. $45.00 hardcover; $16.95 papercover.


Review Of Crime And Punishment In American History. Lawrence M. Friedman. Reviewed By James Midgley, Louisiana State University, James Midgley Dec 1994

Review Of Crime And Punishment In American History. Lawrence M. Friedman. Reviewed By James Midgley, Louisiana State University, James Midgley

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Lawrence M. Friedman. Crime and Punishment in American History. New York: Basic Books, 1993. $30 hardcover.


New Opportunities, New Responsibilities: Welfare Reform In Wyoming, Mark W. Lusk, Joseph D. Nies Dec 1994

New Opportunities, New Responsibilities: Welfare Reform In Wyoming, Mark W. Lusk, Joseph D. Nies

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Early experiments with welfare-to-work programs and other welfare reform initiatives had disappointing results, but successful state trial programs since the Family Support Act of 1988 are changing the prevailing wisdom. With evidence that reform can enhance self-sufficiency, many states are embarking on a redefinition of public assistance. Wyoming, a conservative frontier state, is implementing a welfare reform plan that incorporates components shown to be successful elsewhere. In addition to enhanced child support enforcement and workfare, Wyoming welfare reform stresses job preparation, education, and training up to the university level. Degree programs utilize the state's video network and are adapted ...


Review Of Policy And Society. Roy R. Roberg And Jack Kuykendall. Reviewed By Margaret M. Severson, Louisiana State University., Larry A. Gould Dec 1994

Review Of Policy And Society. Roy R. Roberg And Jack Kuykendall. Reviewed By Margaret M. Severson, Louisiana State University., Larry A. Gould

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Roy R. Roberg and Jack Kuykendall. Police and Society. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co., 1993. $30.00 hardcover.


Theories Of Deviance. Stuart H. Traub And Craig B. Little. Dec 1994

Theories Of Deviance. Stuart H. Traub And Craig B. Little.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Stuart H. Traub and Craig B. Little (Eds.). Theories of Deviance (Fourth edition). Itasca, IL: F. E. Peacock, 1994. $30.00 papercover.


Review Of Community Disorders And Policing. Tony Marshall. Reviewed By William G. Archambeault, Louisiana State University., William G. Archambeault Dec 1994

Review Of Community Disorders And Policing. Tony Marshall. Reviewed By William G. Archambeault, Louisiana State University., William G. Archambeault

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Tony Marshall, Community Disorders and Policing. Concord, MA: Paul & Co., 1992. $29.95, Papercover.


Rooms For The Misbegotten: Social Design And Social Deviance, Bruce A. Arrigo Dec 1994

Rooms For The Misbegotten: Social Design And Social Deviance, Bruce A. Arrigo

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Housing strategies designed to create a sense of community for our nation's at-risk and poverty-stricken citizens continue to be a source of debate. One major issue is the degree to which criminal behavior exists within these environments. In this article, the results from a seven year study of one single room occupancy (SRO) facility in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania are described. Analysis of two models used for intervening with the vulnerable tenant population of the SRO suggest that a "strengthfocused" strategy rather than a "need- focused" approach may be more effective in reducing crime and may contribute to the establishment of ...


Confronting Drug Policy: Illicit Drugs In A Free Society. Ronald Bayer And Gerald M. Oppenheimer. Dec 1994

Confronting Drug Policy: Illicit Drugs In A Free Society. Ronald Bayer And Gerald M. Oppenheimer.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Ronald Bayer and Gerald M. Oppenheimer (Eds.). Confronting Drug Policy: Illicit Drugs in a Free Society. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. $59.95 hardcover; $19.95 papercover.


Wheeling And Dealing: An Ethnography Of An Upper-Level Drug Dealing And Smuggling Community. Patricia A. Adler. Dec 1994

Wheeling And Dealing: An Ethnography Of An Upper-Level Drug Dealing And Smuggling Community. Patricia A. Adler.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Patricia A. Adler. Wheeling and Dealing: An Ethnography of an Upper-level Drug Dealing and Smuggling Community. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993. $45.00 hardcover; $14.00 papercover.


How To Help The Working Poor Develop Assets, John R. Belcher Dec 1994

How To Help The Working Poor Develop Assets, John R. Belcher

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This article explores the inability of the working poor to withstand income shocks. Because they often lack assets, the working poor are increasingly vulnerable to increasing deprivation. Interestingly, the welfare state enables the middle-class to develop and maintain assets through institutional arrangements. It is argued that solutions to the problem of poverty must include ways for the working poor also to develop and maintain assets.


Review Of Forensic Social Work: Legal Aspects Of Professional Practice. Robert L. Baker And Douglas M. Branson. Reviewed By Margaret M. Severson, Louisiana State University., Margaret M. Severson Dec 1994

Review Of Forensic Social Work: Legal Aspects Of Professional Practice. Robert L. Baker And Douglas M. Branson. Reviewed By Margaret M. Severson, Louisiana State University., Margaret M. Severson

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Robert L. Barker and Douglas M. Branson. Forensic Social Work: Legal Aspects of Professional Practice. New York, Haworth Press, 1993. $15.95 papercover.


Editorial And Remarks, Gary Matthews, Charles Guzzeta Sep 1994

Editorial And Remarks, Gary Matthews, Charles Guzzeta

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

No abstract provided.


Beyond Coping: An Empowerment Perspective On Stressful Life Events, Lorraine M. Gutierrez Sep 1994

Beyond Coping: An Empowerment Perspective On Stressful Life Events, Lorraine M. Gutierrez

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Research on stressful life events has demonstrated their negative effects on health and mental health. The possibility of empowerment, how individuals can take action to change their situations, has been largely overlooked by this research. Empowerment theory and research suggest that the outcome of stressful life events can be less debilitating when individuals are encouraged to identify with similar others, to develop specific skills, to perceive the societal or institutional components of their problems, and to engage in change on a collective level. This article develops this perspective by proposing how an empowerment perspective can enhance our understanding of the ...


Markets And Managers: New Issues In The Livery Of Welfare. Peter Taylor-Gooby And Robyn Lawson. Sep 1994

Markets And Managers: New Issues In The Livery Of Welfare. Peter Taylor-Gooby And Robyn Lawson.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Peter Taylor-Gooby and Robyn Lawson (Eds.). Markets and Managers: New Issues in the Delivery of Welfare. Buckingham, England: Open University Press, 1993. $27.50 papercover. (Distributed in the United States by Taylor and Francis, 1900 Frost Road, Bristol, PA 19007)


Survey Of Social Work Educators: Qualifications And Compliance Criteria, Carol T. Tully Sep 1994

Survey Of Social Work Educators: Qualifications And Compliance Criteria, Carol T. Tully

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

In its Criteria for Accreditation (1987), the College Commission of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS) implemented faculty qualifications standards that were strictly defined. Compliance with these standards in undergraduate and graduate schools of social work was the focus of this study. Data were gathered on 137 social work programs and include faculty qualifications information on 874 social work educators teaching in private and public institutions of higher education in the southern region. The findings indicate that baccalaureate programs in social work were more likely to be in compliance with SACS criteria than graduate schools. Strict compliance rates ...


From Entitlement To Contract: Reshaping The Welfare State In Australia, Richard Weatherley Sep 1994

From Entitlement To Contract: Reshaping The Welfare State In Australia, Richard Weatherley

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Australia has sought to contain social welfare expenditures through more stringent targeting of benefits, increased scrutiny of applicants, and by requiring more vigorous job search and training activities. The changes implemented since the Labor Party assumed office in 1983 represent the most sweeping restructuring of the Australian welfare state in 50 years. They mark a shift from an individualistic, rights-based view of welfare state entitlements to one stressing reciprocal obligations. This article examines the origin and implications of this reshaping of Australia's welfare state programs. It considers the dilemmas of enforcing workrelated obligations and other compliance measures in an ...