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The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Social Construction, Knowledge Utilization, And The Politics Of Poverty: A Case Study Of Washington State’S General Assistance Reform, Yu-Ling Chang Jan 2019

Social Construction, Knowledge Utilization, And The Politics Of Poverty: A Case Study Of Washington State’S General Assistance Reform, Yu-Ling Chang

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper addresses a gap in welfare reform literature by investigating the social constructions of poor people in state policymaking within the context of diminishing General Assistance (GA) after the Great Recession. Using Social Construction and Policy Design Theoryand thematic content analysis of Washington State’s legislative archives, I found that the negative constructions of GA recipients as deviants with undesired psychological and behavioral problems were associated with the reform direction toward a regulated, punitive model. These constructions, intersecting with the ideologies of personal responsibility and work ethic, contribute to the dismantling of the social safety net for the Washington ...


Multiplicative Advantages Of Hispanic Men Living In Hispanic Enclaves: Intersectionality In Colon Cancer Care, Keren M. Escobar, Mollie Sivaram, Kevin M. Gorey Jan 2019

Multiplicative Advantages Of Hispanic Men Living In Hispanic Enclaves: Intersectionality In Colon Cancer Care, Keren M. Escobar, Mollie Sivaram, Kevin M. Gorey

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

We examined Hispanic enclave paradoxical effects on cancer care among socioeconomically vulnerable people in pre-Obamacare California. We conducted a secondary analysis of a historical cohort of 511 Hispanic and 1,753 non-Hispanic white people with colon cancer. Hispanic enclaves were neighborhoods where 40% or more of the residents were Hispanic, mostly first-generation Mexican American immigrants. An interaction of ethnicity, gender and Hispanic enclave status was observed such that the protective effects of living in a Hispanic enclave were larger for Hispanic men, particularly married Hispanic men, than women. Risks were also exposed among other study groups: the poor, the inadequately ...


Integrating Sociological And Psychological Perspectives On Collective Efficacy, Michael Gearhart Jan 2019

Integrating Sociological And Psychological Perspectives On Collective Efficacy, Michael Gearhart

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Collective efficacy is rooted in both psychology, and sociology. Discussions of the differences between the sociological and psychological conceptualization and operationalization of collective efficacy is limited. In psychology, collective efficacy reflects a group’s belief that collective action can be successful. In sociology, collective efficacy is a theory that describes the process by which social cohesion is activated as informal social control. Mutual efficacy was designed to incorporate the psychological concept of efficacy into collective efficacy theory. In this study, I conduct a multilevel confirmatory factor analysis to study the factor structure of social cohesion, mutual efficacy, and informal social ...


Measurement Of Childhood Poverty In The United States And Its Enduring Influences, Zi Yang Jan 2019

Measurement Of Childhood Poverty In The United States And Its Enduring Influences, Zi Yang

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This paper measures childhood poverty in the United States and classifies it into three degrees based on different durations – persistent poverty, chronic transient poverty, and non-chronic transient poverty – using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) data and actual poverty thresholds in the United States. Then I examine the enduring influences of different types of childhood poverty on future performance, including academic achievement, income, and criminal behavior, utilizing OLS and logistic models as well as Mincer wage functions. The regression results show that childhood poverty has a negative impact on schooling years and earnings. Living in poverty increases the likelihood ...


Understanding Appalachian Microaggression From The Perspective Of Community College Students In Southern West Virginia, Karen T. Cummings-Lilly, Shandra S. Forrest-Bank Jan 2019

Understanding Appalachian Microaggression From The Perspective Of Community College Students In Southern West Virginia, Karen T. Cummings-Lilly, Shandra S. Forrest-Bank

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The term "Appalachian" is wrongly understood to represent a single culture of rural White poverty (Keefe, 2005). This conception contains stereotypical images that obscure hardships many rural White Central Appalachians face. Similar to other oppressed minorities in the U.S., what it means to be Appalachian is a social construction based on what differs them from the White hegemony. Recent scholarship on discrimination recognizes the importance of microaggression, small insults and slights experienced frequently by people from minority groups (Sue, et. al., 2007). Microaggression may be an especially insidious mechanism in the oppression of Appalachian people, since the derogatory stereotypes ...


Crime And Mental Health Problems In Norway - A Zero-Sum Game?, Dag Leonardsen Jan 2019

Crime And Mental Health Problems In Norway - A Zero-Sum Game?, Dag Leonardsen

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Through a historical overview, the author analyses the Norwegian welfare society and the limits of a social-engineering approach to social problems. While economic growth and welfare benefits expanded for many years, so did registered crime and mental problems. This paradox gives a justification for challenging established ways of thinking about social prevention policies. Since the turn of the century, crime figures have decreased while the state of mental health has worsened. The author argues that if the price of the suppression of crime is the depression of mind, then the gains are indeed pyrrhic.


Durkheim’S Greatest Blunder, Stephen M. Marson, J. Porter Lillis Jan 2019

Durkheim’S Greatest Blunder, Stephen M. Marson, J. Porter Lillis

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

In describing fatalism in Suicide, Durkheim executes two blunders. The first can be categorized in errors of commission while the second should be included in errors of omission. In the error of commission area, he hypothesizes two platforms for existence of fatalistic suicide. Without employing theory-embedded data, he contends that infertility is a catalyst for fatalistic suicidal. Later, he asserts that slavery is fertile soil for fatalistic suicide. Although there is suicidal data in these two arenas, a closer inspection demonstrates that these are not characteristics of fatalistic suicide. For errors of omission, he failed to systematically observe two social ...


Review Of Empowerment Of Women For Promoting Global Health And Quality Of Life. Snehendu B. Kar, Abbie Nelson Jan 2019

Review Of Empowerment Of Women For Promoting Global Health And Quality Of Life. Snehendu B. Kar, Abbie Nelson

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Snehendu B. Kar, Empowerment of Women for Promoting Global Health and Quality of Life. Oxford University Press (2018), 595 pages, $69.95 (hardcover).


Review Of Serving The Stigmatized: Working Within The Incarcerated Environment. Wesley T. Church Ii And David W. Springer, Carolyn Sutherby Jan 2019

Review Of Serving The Stigmatized: Working Within The Incarcerated Environment. Wesley T. Church Ii And David W. Springer, Carolyn Sutherby

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Wesley T. Church II and David W. Springer (Eds.), Serving the Stigmatized: Working Within the Incarcerated Environment. Oxford University Press (2018), 400 pages, $74.00 (hardcover).


Journal Of Sociology And Social Welfare Vol. 46 No. 2 Jan 2019

Journal Of Sociology And Social Welfare Vol. 46 No. 2

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

No abstract provided.


Gender, Social Networks, And Microenterprise: Differences In Network Effects On Business Performance, Seon Mi Kim Jan 2019

Gender, Social Networks, And Microenterprise: Differences In Network Effects On Business Performance, Seon Mi Kim

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This article aims to find if female micro-entrepreneurs have different social networks that affect their business performance from males. This article uses the longitudinal Panel Study of Entrepreneurial Dynamic (PSED) II data set (2005-2011) in the U.S. The key finding is that even in cases where female micro-entrepreneurs gained the same number of weak ties and resources from their networks as their male counterparts, their weak ties and gained resources did not help them to improve their business performance unlike their male counterparts. Implications for Microenterprise Development Programs and future studies are informed.


Review Of A Century Of Wealth In America. Edward N. Wolff, John Tropman Jan 2019

Review Of A Century Of Wealth In America. Edward N. Wolff, John Tropman

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Edward N. Wolff, A Century of Wealth in America. Harvard University Press (2017), 865 pages, $39.95 (hardcover).


Review Of A Very Short Introduction. Philip N. Jefferson, Yan Shen Jan 2019

Review Of A Very Short Introduction. Philip N. Jefferson, Yan Shen

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Philip N. Jefferson, Poverty: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press (2018), 176 pages. $10.73 (paperback).


Review Of Hunger In The Land Of Plenty: A Critical Look At Food Insecurity. James D. Wright, Amy Donley, And Sara Strickhouser Vega, Kaipeng Wang Jan 2019

Review Of Hunger In The Land Of Plenty: A Critical Look At Food Insecurity. James D. Wright, Amy Donley, And Sara Strickhouser Vega, Kaipeng Wang

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

James D. Wright, Amy Donley, and Sara Strickhouser Vega, Hunger in the Land of Plenty: A Critical Look at Food Insecurity. Lynne Rienner Publishers (2019), 183 pages, $65.00 (hardcover).


Review Of Ensuring Poverty: Welfare Reform In Feminist Perspective. Felicia Kornbluh And Gwendolyn Mink, Keiondra J. Grace Jan 2019

Review Of Ensuring Poverty: Welfare Reform In Feminist Perspective. Felicia Kornbluh And Gwendolyn Mink, Keiondra J. Grace

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Felicia Kornbluh and Gwendolyn Mink, Ensuring Poverty: Welfare Reform in Feminist Perspective. University of Pennsylvania Press (2018), 240 pages, $49.95 (hardcover).


Review Of Sanctuary Cities, Communities, And Organizations. Melvin Delgado, Esther A. Ayers Jan 2019

Review Of Sanctuary Cities, Communities, And Organizations. Melvin Delgado, Esther A. Ayers

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Melvin Delgado, Sanctuary Cities, Communities, and Organizations. Oxford University Press (2018), 282 pages, $22.41 (hardcover).


Review Of Social Work Practice With Survivors Of Sex Trafficking And Commercial Sexual Exploitation. Amanda J. Nichols, Tonya Edmond, And Erin C. Heil (Eds.), Fei Wang Jan 2019

Review Of Social Work Practice With Survivors Of Sex Trafficking And Commercial Sexual Exploitation. Amanda J. Nichols, Tonya Edmond, And Erin C. Heil (Eds.), Fei Wang

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Amanda. J. Nichols, Tonya Edmond, & Erin C. Heil (Eds.), Social Work Practice with Survivors of Sex Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation. Columbia University (2018), 448 pages, $50.00 (hardcover).


Introduction To The Special Issue On Structural Competency, Tina Sacks, Leah Jacobs Jan 2019

Introduction To The Special Issue On Structural Competency, Tina Sacks, Leah Jacobs

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

No abstract provided.


The Culture-Structure Framework: Beyond The Cultural Competence Paradigm, Mimi E. Kim Jan 2019

The Culture-Structure Framework: Beyond The Cultural Competence Paradigm, Mimi E. Kim

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This article provides a framework for understanding the distinctions between culture and structure in its application to the human services. Using intimate partner violence (IPV) as a case study, this article builds upon the contributions of intersectionality, which was first introduced as a critique of white-dominated IPV interventions. It also follows the development of the concept of cultural competence to demonstrate the ways in which it both opened opportunities to discuss cultural differences but also suppressed the analysis of racialized hierarchies of power, which are often muted by the elevation of culture over race. Finally, this article proposes a general ...


Structurally Competent Social Work Research: Considering Research Methods And Approaches That Account For A Recursive Relationship Between Individuals And Structures, Jaime Booth Jan 2019

Structurally Competent Social Work Research: Considering Research Methods And Approaches That Account For A Recursive Relationship Between Individuals And Structures, Jaime Booth

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Structural competence, recently introduced in the medical literature, has always been present in social work’s approach to addressing social problems. To achieve structural competence, in medicine and in social work, an evidence base for the structural determinants of social problems and interventions is needed. Social work researchers have made some strides in developing an evidence base to inform a structurally competent practice by employing structurally competent research methods in the investigation of social problems. This paper argues that Anthony Giddens’ structuration theory adds to the medical literature’s understanding of structural competence and discusses several research methods and/or ...


Structural Competency In Child Welfare: Opportunities And Applications For Addressing Disparities And Stigma, Jaclyn Chambers, G. Allen Ratliff Jan 2019

Structural Competency In Child Welfare: Opportunities And Applications For Addressing Disparities And Stigma, Jaclyn Chambers, G. Allen Ratliff

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

No abstract provided.


Review Of The Future Of Capitalism: Facing The New Anxieties By Paul Collier, Edward U. Murphy Jan 2019

Review Of The Future Of Capitalism: Facing The New Anxieties By Paul Collier, Edward U. Murphy

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of: Paul Collier, The Future of Capitalism: Facing the New Anxieties. HarperCollins (2018), 256 pages,


Review Of Social Work And Social Justice: Concepts, Challenges, And Strategies By Michael Reisch And Charles D. Garvin., Jennifer K. Allen Jan 2019

Review Of Social Work And Social Justice: Concepts, Challenges, And Strategies By Michael Reisch And Charles D. Garvin., Jennifer K. Allen

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Michael Reisch and Charles D. Garvin, Social Work and Social Justice: Concepts, Challenges, and Strategies. Oxford University Press (2016). 448 pages,


Review Of Social Work Practice And Social Welfare Policy In The United States: A History By Philip R. Popple, Ethan J. Evans Jan 2019

Review Of Social Work Practice And Social Welfare Policy In The United States: A History By Philip R. Popple, Ethan J. Evans

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Book review of Philip R. Popple, Social Work Practice and Social Welfare Policy in the United States: A History. Oxford University Press (2018), 392 pages,


Review Of The Politics Of Compassion: The Challenge To Care For The Stranger By Edward U. Murphy, Daniel Liechty Jan 2019

Review Of The Politics Of Compassion: The Challenge To Care For The Stranger By Edward U. Murphy, Daniel Liechty

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Review of Edward U. Murphy, The Politics of Compassion: The Challenge to Care for the Stranger. Rowan & Littlefield (2019), 224 pages,


Do Social Workers Support Nasw's Political Activism? Evidence From Texas, Richard Hoefer, Brandi Jean Felderhoff, Larry Watson Jan 2019

Do Social Workers Support Nasw's Political Activism? Evidence From Texas, Richard Hoefer, Brandi Jean Felderhoff, Larry Watson

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

According to the NASW Code of Ethics, social workers are called to engage in political activity at the micro, mezzo and macro levels for the advancement of social justice and human rights. NASW has mechanisms in place to aggregate the voices of individual social workers through political activity. Drawing on a model of civic voluntarism, the aim of this study was to examine the impact of political activity on decisions by Texas social workers to join or re-join NASW, as well as their opinions on the political engagement of NASW/Texas. This study employs a non-experimental, exploratory, cross-sectional survey design ...


Journal Of Sociology And Social Welfare Vol. 46 No. 1 Jan 2019

Journal Of Sociology And Social Welfare Vol. 46 No. 1

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

No abstract provided.


Unwed Motherhood, Adoption Reunion And Stigmatized Social Identities, Karen R. March Jan 2019

Unwed Motherhood, Adoption Reunion And Stigmatized Social Identities, Karen R. March

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Abstract

Data gathered from semi-structured interviews with 33 reunited birth mothers show they had been stigmatized for their unwed motherhood and hid this identity to protect self from social censure. The public exposure created by reunion contact with their adult placed children required new ways to manage this stigma trait. The women engaged in a process of identity talk supported by their understanding of altered perceptions of female sexuality and a “no choice” discourse that drew upon historical changes in the social position of unwed mothers. This identity talk increased their self-efficacy by providing stronger control over their presentation of ...


From The Empire State To The North Star State: Voter Engagement In The 2016 Election, Katharine M. Hill, Shannon R. Lane, Jenna Powers, Tanya Rhodes Smith Jan 2019

From The Empire State To The North Star State: Voter Engagement In The 2016 Election, Katharine M. Hill, Shannon R. Lane, Jenna Powers, Tanya Rhodes Smith

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Voter engagement has the potential to be a fundamental part of social work practice and key to the professional socialization of social work students. This article describes a classroom-based voter engagement project conducted in two undergraduate social work programs in different U.S. states with significantly different voting laws. We describe the rationale, process of implementing the project, evaluation, and review the results in the context of the 2016 election. We suggest future research that can help develop best practices and methods for implementation of voter engagement in social work practice and education in the future.


Myth Or Reality? Exploring Intergenerational Social Assistance Participation In Ontario, Canada, Tracy A. Smith-Carrier, Amber Gazso, Stephanie Baker Collins, Carrie Smith Jan 2019

Myth Or Reality? Exploring Intergenerational Social Assistance Participation In Ontario, Canada, Tracy A. Smith-Carrier, Amber Gazso, Stephanie Baker Collins, Carrie Smith

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Is there an intergenerational causal link in social assistance (SA) participation? There is a dearth of research addressing this question, yet the discourse of ‘welfare dependency’ is hegemonic. The limited research that does attempt to tease out a causal link in intergenerational SA participation remains equivocal. Qualitative research is largely absent in welfare scholarship; research that might provide a more nuanced understanding of the dynamics underlying SA receipt. We employ an inductive qualitative analysis, using procedures from grounded theory, to understand SA participants’ experiences and perspectives on intergenerational SA usage. We find that the two causal mechanisms underlying intergenerational SA ...