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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Influence Of Cognitive Psychology On Art Education As Seen In The Work Of Howard Gardner And Elliot Eisner , Marcia C. Rich Jan 1997

The Influence Of Cognitive Psychology On Art Education As Seen In The Work Of Howard Gardner And Elliot Eisner , Marcia C. Rich

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines the influence of educational psychology on contemporary art education. The century-old debate in art education between those wanting more scientific methods of teaching and assessment and those wanting a more child-centered education appears in contemporary version in the work of Howard Gardner and Elliot Eisner. In this contemporary setting it is the educator, Eisner, who wants more discipline-oriented curricula, while the cognitive scientist, Gardner, calls for more child-centered education. By examining the writings of Howard Gardner, a cognitive scientist, and Elliot Eisner, an art educator, and comparing the art education programs overseen by them, i.e., Arts ...


Community College General Education Impact On Student Critical Thinking Ability , Judith Hansen Jan 1997

Community College General Education Impact On Student Critical Thinking Ability , Judith Hansen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study of the impact of community college general education, semester hours on student critical thinking ability responded to national and regional research recommendations in analysis of three components: (1) critical thinking, (2) general education, and (3) community college. Student critical thinking ability was measured by student scores on the ACT Collegiate Assessment of Academic Proficiency (CAAP) Critical Thinking component exam. General education was defined as the semester hours completed in each of five general education areas required for associate degree graduation: communications, humanities, math, science, and social science. All data for this study were obtained from the records of ...


A Study To Determine Student-Athletes' Motivational Climate Influencing Their Athletic And Academic Performance At A Midwestern University , Percy Lee Caldwell Jan 1997

A Study To Determine Student-Athletes' Motivational Climate Influencing Their Athletic And Academic Performance At A Midwestern University , Percy Lee Caldwell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to describe and analyze the perceptions and experiences of six selected student athletes at a Midwestern university. The general research objects of the study were to describe and analyze the perceptions, expectations, and experiences of student athletes regarding: (a) school climate; (b) personal attitude; (c) teachers' interaction; (d) coaches' interaction; and (e) parental impact;The emerging themes elicited from the primary data were summarized for each of the five constructs. Two themes for school climate were: (a) some students adapt to the conditions of their school environment with differential behaviors and attitudes of teachers ...


The African American Experience: Notes On Black Identity Development, Membership In A Historically Black Fraternity Or Sorority And Involvement, Kimberly Joyce Branch Jan 1997

The African American Experience: Notes On Black Identity Development, Membership In A Historically Black Fraternity Or Sorority And Involvement, Kimberly Joyce Branch

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Enhancing A Behavioral Program For Children With Severe Behavioral Disorders By Promoting Parents' Coherent Life Story , Susan Kathryn Schiltz-Day Jan 1996

The Impact Of Enhancing A Behavioral Program For Children With Severe Behavioral Disorders By Promoting Parents' Coherent Life Story , Susan Kathryn Schiltz-Day

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of enhancing an already existing day treatment program for youth with severe behavior disorders. The intervention consisted of a short-term parent therapy group which operationalized elements of attachment theory and narrative therapy and then compared this to the program's regular treatment. This group focused on assisting parents (1) to review their past for a coherent story, (2) to identify and utilize a parenting strength, and (3) to voice their hopes and fears to their child with an emphasis on the child's potential. The effectiveness of this pilot group ...


Limitations Of Women's Freedoms: A Comparison Study Between Two Societies , Ruth Ann Johnson Jan 1996

Limitations Of Women's Freedoms: A Comparison Study Between Two Societies , Ruth Ann Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There were two objectives for this research. The first objective was to look specifically at the differences of expression of safety behaviors between men and women in Scotland. The second objective was to compare experiences and perceptions of freedom of movement by women in the US with those of women in Scotland. Both studies used the Public Behaviors Questionnaire (PBQ) as an assessment tool;First, a comparative study was done with women and men in Scotland to determine if women experience and perceive the same freedom of movement in Scottish society that men do, in relation to nonacademic activities, transportation ...


Organizational Culture, Subcultures, And Organizational Commitment , Taysir M. Khatib Jan 1996

Organizational Culture, Subcultures, And Organizational Commitment , Taysir M. Khatib

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine whether three custodial groups in the same organization differ in their behavioral norms and shared values, and, if so, to what extent do these differences impact organizational commitment. Two major questions were of concern: (a) whether there were any differences in the perceptions of three custodial groups of their behavioral norms and shared values at the workplace; and (b) whether there were any relationships between these two components of organizational culture and organizational commitment of the custodians;A survey was administered to 63 custodians in the Residence department of a land-grant university ...


A Study Of Quality Improvement And Its Relationship To Financial Characteristics Of Selected Iowa Public School Districts , Joseph Eric Kirchoff Jan 1996

A Study Of Quality Improvement And Its Relationship To Financial Characteristics Of Selected Iowa Public School Districts , Joseph Eric Kirchoff

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to assess whether a relationship existed between the financial characteristics and the perceived quality of selected Iowa public schools for the 1992-93 school year;Following a comprehensive review of literature, an assessment instrument designed for educational organizations based on the Baldrige quality award criteria was utilized to assess the perception of current quality and ideal quality of selected schools. Financial characteristics were compiled from State of Iowa information;The population used in the survey for this study included responses from five teachers, three support personnel, two administrators, the superintendent, all board members, and two ...


Factors Related To Early Interest In Vasectomy As A Family Planning Method In Kenya: Instrument Design, Validation, And Causal Modeling , Abel Gitau Mugenda Jan 1995

Factors Related To Early Interest In Vasectomy As A Family Planning Method In Kenya: Instrument Design, Validation, And Causal Modeling , Abel Gitau Mugenda

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of the study were to: (1) describe male students awareness of family planning methods, (2) describe their sources of family planning information, (3) describe their knowledge of, attitude towards, and interest in vasectomy, and (4) use factor analysis and structural equation modeling to test a statistical model of factors that influence interest in vasectomy as a family planning method. The study was based on the theory of diffusion of innovations in which awareness and knowledge of an innovation influence attitude towards the innovation, and attitude influences intentions to use the innovation;A random sample of 430 undergraduate students ...


A Policy Design Analysis Of Iowa's Educational Excellence Program , Diane Lee Schnelker Jan 1995

A Policy Design Analysis Of Iowa's Educational Excellence Program , Diane Lee Schnelker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to use the model of Policy Design to identify factors that contributed to the development of Iowa's Educational Excellence Program. Interviews with policy makers and a review of relevant documents were used to reconstruct the development of the program;The results indicated that the program was the result of a confluence of four events: The movement to raise teachers salaries, the education reform movement, the emergence of a more collaborative attitude among policy makers, and the availability of windfall revenues. Further analyses indicated that the values of teachers, education, politics, local control, reform ...


The Eight Dimensions Of Educational Practices: A Quality Assessment By Teachers , Lyle E. Koski Jan 1995

The Eight Dimensions Of Educational Practices: A Quality Assessment By Teachers , Lyle E. Koski

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research examined teachers' perceptions of: (a) the level of quality of eight dimensions of educational practices employed by teachers within their own buildings and (b) the level of quality of the specific relationships between leadership practices and the practices in the other dimensions of all teachers and by attendance center levels;One-hundred fifty-six randomly selected teachers from eighteen high achieving schools in central and northern Minnesota representing four senior high, three 7-12 secondary, three junior high, three middle, and five elementary attendance center levels provided the data for the study. The schools represented a mixture of rural, urban, and ...


An Examination Of The Student Culture Of A Comprehensive High School , Jan Westerman-Beatty Jan 1995

An Examination Of The Student Culture Of A Comprehensive High School , Jan Westerman-Beatty

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As part of a case study of a large comprehensive high school, this study was designed for four purposes: (1) to identify and describe the common ways of thinking and their relative strength within the student culture, (2) to determine the extent to which school membership and authentic work are present within the student culture, (3) to describe the student culture, and (4) to determine the extent to which organizational systems factors influence the student culture;Primarily qualitative methods were employed, but quantitative research and triangulation were used. Small group and individual interviews involved 259 students in 17 days of ...


A Qualitative Study Of The Faculty Work Culture In Selected Comprehensive High Schools In The United States , Sandra L. Barnes Jan 1995

A Qualitative Study Of The Faculty Work Culture In Selected Comprehensive High Schools In The United States , Sandra L. Barnes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the faculty work culture in selected comprehensive high schools in the United States. More specifically, the study was designed to describe the culture of the schools, determine the common and unique themes in the work culture, and to determine the relative strength and valence of specific school work culture elements;Qualitative methodology was employed in this study that was conducted in two phases. During Phase I data were collected using individual and focus group interviews to gain an "emic perspective of the shared beliefs, values, and basic assumptions held by staff that ...


Sorority Presidents' Leadership Experience: A Qualitative Research Methods Study, Robin Kathryn Shaffer Jan 1994

Sorority Presidents' Leadership Experience: A Qualitative Research Methods Study, Robin Kathryn Shaffer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Cross-Case Analysis In Two Transforming Middle Level Schools Of The Effects Of School, Adult, And Student Factors On The Protective Factors Which Promote Resiliency , Lesley Kay Forsythe Jan 1994

A Cross-Case Analysis In Two Transforming Middle Level Schools Of The Effects Of School, Adult, And Student Factors On The Protective Factors Which Promote Resiliency , Lesley Kay Forsythe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to examine the influences between and among the student-centered middle school policies and practices; the adult influences of teacher engagement, teacher readiness, and principal leadership; student engagement and the factors that influence student engagement; and the protective factors that promote resiliency. Its specific purposes were: (1) to establish the level of each factor and how each factor was demonstrated in each school; and (2) to determine how the factors influenced one another;A multiple case study design was used with qualitative interviews with students and staff, classroom observations, and artifact analysis supplemented by ...


Going Against The Grain: Women Student Leaders At Coeducational Institutions , Cecelia Renée Romano Jan 1994

Going Against The Grain: Women Student Leaders At Coeducational Institutions , Cecelia Renée Romano

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Student leadership in higher education is an educational and developmental experience for students. More information about the characteristics and experiences of women student leaders should assist student affairs professionals and faculty in maximizing educational opportunity for female students;This study examined the characteristics of women student presidents of campus-wide, coeducational student organizations at three large institutions of higher education in the midwest;Qualitative research was used in the study, with data being gathered during in depth, semi-structured interviews with 15 respondents at the three institutions. The study found that (a) families were very influential in the lives of these young ...


Partnering On Heavy Highway Construction Projects And Its Effects On Workers' Attitudes And Perceptions , Heather Ann Northouse Jan 1994

Partnering On Heavy Highway Construction Projects And Its Effects On Workers' Attitudes And Perceptions , Heather Ann Northouse

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the effects of a Partnering workshop on construction personnel's attitudes and perceptions. The subjects included Iowa Department of Transportation personnel and independent contractors in the state of Iowa. A two-day Partnering workshop conducted prior to the start of six heavy highway construction projects served as the treatment. The sample included 261 subjects: 146 participated in the treatment, 90 worked with the participants on Partnering projects but did not participate in the treatment themselves. Twenty-five subjects worked on a non-Partnering control project;The dependent variables were problem solving, teamwork, communication, trust, respect and workmanship. A 41-item and ...


Self-Efficacy Of Teacher Education Students: A Study Based On Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory , Mary Jo Anderson Lively Jan 1994

Self-Efficacy Of Teacher Education Students: A Study Based On Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory , Mary Jo Anderson Lively

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study of teacher education students' self-efficacy was based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory. A critical review of the literature about self-efficacy and teachers explores its "fit" with Bandura's theoretical model. Particular attention is given to the widely used and adapted two factor teacher efficacy scale developed by Gibson and Dembow. The controversy over definitions and interpretations of the constructs is evidence of need for further study. Overall, it appears there is not a very good fit between Bandura's self-efficacy theory and its application in current education research. Differences in definitions, lack of attention to salient features of ...


Self-Esteem, Internal Locus Of Control: Relationship To Marital Satisfaction , Karen Dethlefsen Malcom Jan 1994

Self-Esteem, Internal Locus Of Control: Relationship To Marital Satisfaction , Karen Dethlefsen Malcom

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this investigation was to compare distressed and happy couples in terms of marital satisfaction, self-esteem, and internal locus of control;Three groups of 20 married couples (Control, Enrichment, and Counseling) volunteered and completed a research packet containing a background information sheet, the Index of Marital Satisfaction (IMS), the Index of Self-esteem (ISE), and the Internal Control Index (ICI). Most of the participants came from Missouri and Illinois in and around St. Louis;The research involved examining the data for differences and relationships. A marital satisfaction rating from the background information sheet (MS) was established as a second ...


Federal Methodology And Financial Need For Farm Families , Charles F. Turner Jan 1994

Federal Methodology And Financial Need For Farm Families , Charles F. Turner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to evaluate specific changes made to the federal need analysis formula between aid years 1992 and 1993. The subjects examined were 1992 dependent student, firm family financial aid applicants at Iowa State University. A random sample of 200 records was drawn from a farm population of 2225 students;Aid applicant data were drawn from the institutions student aid system. These files were then reprocessed using federally approved need analysis calculators. Various computations, with and without assets, were performed using both 1992 and 1993 need analysis. The intent of these calculations was to compare changes ...


Parent Perceptions And Expectations For Siblings Of Different Birth-Order Positions, Anne Sullivan Laing Jan 1994

Parent Perceptions And Expectations For Siblings Of Different Birth-Order Positions, Anne Sullivan Laing

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


African-American Students At Iowa State University: A Preliminary Test Of A Diversity Model, 1974-1994, Chantel A. Thibodeaux Jan 1994

African-American Students At Iowa State University: A Preliminary Test Of A Diversity Model, 1974-1994, Chantel A. Thibodeaux

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Student Perceptions Of Their Teachers, Their School, And Themselves As Learners , Janice Marie Donahue Jan 1994

Student Perceptions Of Their Teachers, Their School, And Themselves As Learners , Janice Marie Donahue

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The problem for this study was to design an instrument that would secure student feedback concerning their perceptions regarding their school, teachers, and themselves as learners, and determine if these perceptions and their critical thinking ability were associated with their attendance, gender, academic achievement (Iowa Test of Educational Development), and academic status (grade point average). Sixty-five students in a ninth grade class at Mason City High School in Mason City, Iowa were voluntary participants;The procedure followed four major steps: (1) Selecting the critical thinking test and items for the student feedback questionnaire. (2) Gathering the student ratings from the ...


Development Of A Curriculum Model For Vocational/Technology Education , Gary Loyd Schnellert Jan 1993

Development Of A Curriculum Model For Vocational/Technology Education , Gary Loyd Schnellert

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The problem of the present study was to investigate several aspects of the School Improvement Model (SIM) and consider its applicability in addressing the needs of vocational/technological education at the secondary school level. Initially, the SIM model was closely studied and related literature researched in an effort to determine a appropriate method to derive a functional model. Experts in the field of curriculum were solicited and their experiences taken into consideration prior to the development of a model. Taking into account the SIM model, the related literature and the experiences of others, a model was developed and presented before ...


Effectiveness Of Nine Months Of Intervention On The Culture Of 22 Schools In Northeast Minnesota , John D. Wessels Jan 1993

Effectiveness Of Nine Months Of Intervention On The Culture Of 22 Schools In Northeast Minnesota , John D. Wessels

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study are to examine the cultures of 22 small rural elementary and secondary schools in northeast Minnesota to determine the effects of nine months of intervention on the cultures of these schools, and to identify approaches which influence positive change in their culture. Three questions are addressed during this study: (1) To what extent do productive school cultures exist in 22 small rural elementary and secondary schools in northeast Minnesota? (2) To what extent will nine months of intervention influence the productive school cultures of these 22 schools? (3) What approaches are most influential in enhancing ...


International Undergraduate Student Adjustment In A Community As A Function Of Motivation, Self-Esteem, Interpersonal Relationships, Participation In Activities, And English Language Skills , Mary Felicity Barratt Jan 1993

International Undergraduate Student Adjustment In A Community As A Function Of Motivation, Self-Esteem, Interpersonal Relationships, Participation In Activities, And English Language Skills , Mary Felicity Barratt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the relationships among several variables and the adjustment of international undergraduate students at Iowa State University to the community in which the university is located. Mail surveys were sent to international undergraduates who had been enrolled at Iowa State University for one year or more, and 170 usable surveys were returned;Findings supported certain of the hypotheses. Specifically, adjustment, as measured the evaluation of the experience with the people of community, is positively related to interpersonal relationships with Americans, written and oral/aural English language skills, and region of origin. Adjustment, as measured by the evaluation of ...


Determination Of Iowa Educators' Attitudes And Perceptions And The Impact Resulting From A Fulbright Study Abroad Project To Russia On Global Education , Linda Lou Wolf Jan 1993

Determination Of Iowa Educators' Attitudes And Perceptions And The Impact Resulting From A Fulbright Study Abroad Project To Russia On Global Education , Linda Lou Wolf

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to determine the impact of an intensive five-week Fulbright group project upon the attitudes and perceptions of Iowa educators toward their host country, Russia. Further it has examined the impact of such an experience on global education perspectives. Comparisons were made with attitudes and perceptions of applicant and nonapplicant groups. Members of two other previous Fulbright group projects were questioned concerning the impact of their experiences on their teaching and professional development;The study utilized a variety of data gathering measures both empirical and naturalistic: questionnaire, interview, focus group interview discussion, open-ended questioning, and participant observer ...


A Comparison Study Of Student Test Scores On The Iowa Test Of Basic Skills And The Cognitive Abilities Test: Developmental Kindergarten Students And General Student Population In The Ankeny Community Schools, Nancy Sue Moorhead Jan 1992

A Comparison Study Of Student Test Scores On The Iowa Test Of Basic Skills And The Cognitive Abilities Test: Developmental Kindergarten Students And General Student Population In The Ankeny Community Schools, Nancy Sue Moorhead

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Adaptation Of Afrikan Students To Iowa State University , Tina Marshall-Bradley Jan 1992

The Adaptation Of Afrikan Students To Iowa State University , Tina Marshall-Bradley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Within the past two decades there has been a tremendous increase of Afrikan students in the United States (Arubayi, 1981). Afrikan students at Iowa State University are experiencing difficulty in a variety of areas. Economic problems have always been the most severe difficulty experienced by Afrikan students in the United States (Arubayi, 1981). They also experience difficulty in communicating with Americans, (Pruitt, 1978); feelings of homesickness that can often lead to alcohol abuse (Oshodin, 1982); social problems, (Arubayi, 1981; Teferra, 1978; Adelegan & Parks, 1985; Ekaiko, 1981); and food problems (Hossain, 1982), including preparation and consumption of American foods and the procurement of ...


Community And Campus Culture: Out-Of-Class Involvement At A Midwest Liberal Arts College , Jerry Mark Price Jan 1992

Community And Campus Culture: Out-Of-Class Involvement At A Midwest Liberal Arts College , Jerry Mark Price

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The time students spend outside the classroom "profoundly shapes the form and quality" (Boyer, 1987, pp. 292-293) of their undergraduate experiences. Out-of-class opportunities can challenge students to broaden their educational interests, engage themselves in their own education, and learn to take responsibility for their own actions. Out-of-class opportunities also can enhance growth in students' self-confidence, leadership, empathy, social responsibility, and understanding and appreciation of cultural and intellectual differences. This study examined and described students' out-of-class involvement opportunities at a midwest liberal arts college, as well as the factors and conditions that influence involvement;The methods of inquiry for this study ...