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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

An Assessment Of The Effectiveness Of Interaction In Distance Education Based On Student Satisfaction With The Learner-Centered Paradigm , Shu-Hui Hsieh Chang Jan 2006

An Assessment Of The Effectiveness Of Interaction In Distance Education Based On Student Satisfaction With The Learner-Centered Paradigm , Shu-Hui Hsieh Chang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined whether there were relationships between students' perceptions of course-related interaction and their course satisfaction within the learner-centered paradigm in distance education. To study these relationships, the researcher developed the Students' Perceived Interaction Survey (SPIS) to examine nine separate hypotheses about the nature of course-related interaction. The variables tested included: student-instructor interaction, student-TA interaction, student-student interaction, student-content interaction, gender, academic classification, students' prior experiences with distance education in a partially online class setting, students' prior experiences with distance education in an entirely online class setting, and students' perceptions of the effectiveness of WebCT features in helping them learn ...


Synopsis Laboratory Reports: Effects On Student Learning And Curricular Benefits , David William Hoffa Jan 2006

Synopsis Laboratory Reports: Effects On Student Learning And Curricular Benefits , David William Hoffa

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Can a succinct "synopsis" laboratory report format provide students with an equivalent learning experience to the lengthier, introduction/results/conclusion, "traditional" laboratory report format? A convenience sample of 56 Iowa State University industrial technology students was randomized into two groups; one was required to write five synopsis reports followed by four traditional reports and the other was required to write five traditional reports followed by four synopsis reports. No statistically significant differences in exam scores were discovered (at the □ = 0.05 level) between students who wrote synopsis reports and those who wrote traditional reports when analyzed with the Latin Square ...


Evaluation Of Workplace Safety Performance: A Case Study Of An Auditing Process , James O. Wright Jan 2003

Evaluation Of Workplace Safety Performance: A Case Study Of An Auditing Process , James O. Wright

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a program of auditing on safety performance, when administered in a heavy industrial manufacturing environment. Safety auditing was used as a practical hands-on-training and awareness tool, for hazard identification, risk reduction and behavior modification. Safety performance was analyzed from two perspectives, the number of injury cases and standardized rates. Performance was analyzed using both the t-test and Poisson methodologies. Due to the rarity of injury events, the t-test was an ineffective tool in determining whether the effects of the audit treatment were statistically significant. Poisson analysis, which is ...


The National Association Of Industrial Technology Certification Exam: Quality Control Assessment Using Item Response Theory And Classical Test Theory Methodologies , Douglas Lyle Mccue Jan 2003

The National Association Of Industrial Technology Certification Exam: Quality Control Assessment Using Item Response Theory And Classical Test Theory Methodologies , Douglas Lyle Mccue

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to analyze the quality of the National Association of Industrial Technology (NAIT) certification examination quality control section, which contains forty items, using the methodologies of classical test theory (CTT) and item response theory (IRT). The ultimate goal of this research project is to evaluate the quality control portion of the NAIT certification exam by looking at the questions or items for errors. The project goal through this analysis was to identify the item problems and make recommendations to correct them.;The following conclusions were made based on a moderate sample of 996 examinees: (1 ...


A Study Of The Impact Of Minority Undergraduate Student Interventions On Academic Success As Measured By Cumulative Gpa , Alton L. Kornegay Jan 2003

A Study Of The Impact Of Minority Undergraduate Student Interventions On Academic Success As Measured By Cumulative Gpa , Alton L. Kornegay

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Iowa State University (ISU) has invested extensively in campus resource intervention programs in an attempt to ensure students' academic success during their sojourn at this university. For the purpose of this study, academic success has been defined as the level of achievement based on grade point average (GPA).;Having recognized a need to facilitate the development and continuance of a supportive environment for its ethnic minority student population, Iowa State University has made academic intervention programs available. The university has made several special efforts on behalf of its ethnic minority undergraduate student population in an attempt to ensure academic success ...


Students' Attitudes And Perceptions Toward Technology , Ji Suk Kim Jan 2000

Students' Attitudes And Perceptions Toward Technology , Ji Suk Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to synthesize previous studies and provide educators and administrators an overall picture of the research that has been done so far in technology education. By providing a research-based data and recommendations regarding which areas of research need to be studied in greater detail, it could lead to the resurgence of K--12 and college technology education programs that professionals and learners clearly perceive as meeting the needs of society;The characteristics of students' perceptions towards technology as they progress through school were investigated. To this end, a meta-analytic approach with three specific objectives was proposed to: (1 ...


The Development Of A Computerized Version Of Vandenberg's Mental Rotation Test And The Effect Of Visuo-Spatial Working Memory Loading , Shawn Driftmier Strong Jan 1999

The Development Of A Computerized Version Of Vandenberg's Mental Rotation Test And The Effect Of Visuo-Spatial Working Memory Loading , Shawn Driftmier Strong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focused on the generation and evaluation of web-based versions of Vandenberg's Mental Rotation Test. Memory and spatial visualization theory were explored in relation to the addition of a visuo-spatial working memory component;Analysis of the data determined that there was a significant difference between scores on the MRT Computer and MRT Memory test. The addition of a visuo-spatial working memory component did significantly affect results at the .05 alpha level. Reliability and discrimination estimates were higher on the MRT Memory version. The computerization of the paper and pencil version on the MRT did not significantly effect scores ...


Quality Program Induced Change: Its Impact On Stress, Fear And Anxiety , Chester Douglas Ward Jan 1999

Quality Program Induced Change: Its Impact On Stress, Fear And Anxiety , Chester Douglas Ward

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Organizational change has historically been a stimulus for increased fear/anxiety. A precept of quality movement intervention, as conceived by Deming (1986)1 is that if the intervention is properly implemented there will be less fear within the organization. This investigation assesses the impact of level of quality program implementation, sex, years of employment (tenure), years of formal education, organization size, individual's age and job type on the level of fear/anxiety within the studied organizations. The level of quality program implementation was determined using an instrument developed for the purposes of this study. Fear/anxiety were assumed to ...


Perceptions Of The Feasibility Of Total Quality Management Theories And Methodologies In The Vocational Training System Of Taiwan, Republic Of China , Hsi-Kong Chin Wang Jan 1999

Perceptions Of The Feasibility Of Total Quality Management Theories And Methodologies In The Vocational Training System Of Taiwan, Republic Of China , Hsi-Kong Chin Wang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this study was to design an instrument to measure the feasibility of implementing TQM (Total Quality Management) theories and methodologies in the vocational training system in Taiwan, R.O.C. as perceived by the instructors at the vocational training centers (VTCs) and the leaders of companies which have sent their employees to VTCs. Specifically, the goals of this study were to identify the degree of importance of teaching an established core body of knowledge in TQM concepts and skills to trainees, to find the level of preference for potential learning opportunities to improve instructors' knowledge of ...


The Gender Dimension In Industrial Technology Faculty , Balasubramanian Kasi Jan 1999

The Gender Dimension In Industrial Technology Faculty , Balasubramanian Kasi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between sex-role generalizations and characteristics perceived as necessary for faculty success in Industrial Technology tenure-track faculty. This study investigated relationships among the following three profiles generated from responses by male Industrial Technology faculty in the U.S.A.: (1) a successful Industrial Technology (ITECH) faculty who has or will advance through the ranks, (2) men in general, and (3) women in general;To accomplish the purpose, 600 Industrial Technology faculty members were selected and sent the 92-Item Schein Descriptive Index. Mail and electronic data collection methods were used. This study ...


Natural Language And Mixed Modality Task Presentations In The Human-Computer Interaction Using Programmable Logic Controllers , John Robert Wright Jr. Jan 1998

Natural Language And Mixed Modality Task Presentations In The Human-Computer Interaction Using Programmable Logic Controllers , John Robert Wright Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the human-computer interaction elements of task presentation and task structure in the programming of Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs). Task presentation methods that were explored included a natural language (GE Fanuc's State Logic), and a mixed modality language (GE Fanuc's Logicmaster Relay Ladder Logic). Task Structure elements utilized in this study were linear procedural tasks and conditional branching tasks;A two-level factorial analysis of covariance determined that task presentation was a significant contributor to programming development times. Task structure and the interaction between task presentation and task structure did not yield significant p-values at the ...


Assessment Of The United States Information Agency Sponsored University Affiliation Project Between Iowa State University And The National Agriculture University Of Ukraine Using The Concerns-Based Adoption Model (Cbam), Victor A. Udin Jan 1998

Assessment Of The United States Information Agency Sponsored University Affiliation Project Between Iowa State University And The National Agriculture University Of Ukraine Using The Concerns-Based Adoption Model (Cbam), Victor A. Udin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The problem of this study was to evaluate the success of the Iowa State University (ISU) Linkage project (Crawford & Melnichuk, 1994) at the National Agricultural University of Ukraine (NAUU). The evaluation of the project's success and the educational changes it brought about were accomplished by determining the levels of use of the key elements of this change: the revised curriculum, new methods of teaching, and new teaching materials used at NAUU. This program evaluation research of the Linkage project was conducted based on the Concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM). The Levels of Use dimension of the Concerns-Based Adoption Model was applied to determine if the Linkage project was successful;The survey questionnaire consisted of sections describing the NAUU participants': demographic characteristics; knowledge of the English language; understanding of the essence of the Linkage project; awareness of the administrative changes at NAUU; and levels of use of the new curriculum developed as the result of the Linkage project. Statistical analysis revealed that neither demographic characteristics nor administrative reform has a relation to the levels of use of the main results of the Linkage project. The school environment was the only factor ...


An Investigation Of The Distinguishing Characteristics Of Exemplary Trainers In Business And Industry In Zimbabwe , Onward Samuel Mandebvu Jan 1998

An Investigation Of The Distinguishing Characteristics Of Exemplary Trainers In Business And Industry In Zimbabwe , Onward Samuel Mandebvu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the demographic, psychological, interpersonal, and attitude and belief characteristics that distinguished exemplary business and industrial trainers (N = 18) and other trainers (N = 70) in Zimbabwe. Additionally, the study investigated whether work experience, academic ability, creativity, trainee-content orientation, and self-perception between the trainers grouped as business, technical, and management trainers significantly differentiated between the groups of trainers. Usable data collected from 88 business and industrial trainers through the Adult Personality Inventory (API), the Attitude and Belief Inventory (ABI), the Trainee-Content Training inventory (T-CT), and the Training Job Competence (TJC) rating scale were analyzed through discriminant analysis and hierarchical ...


Women In Lower-Level Nontraditional Roles At Two Midwestern Durable Goods Manufacturing Corporations: A Case Study On The Perspectives Of Success , Teresa Joanne Keys Hall Jan 1997

Women In Lower-Level Nontraditional Roles At Two Midwestern Durable Goods Manufacturing Corporations: A Case Study On The Perspectives Of Success , Teresa Joanne Keys Hall

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to understand the dimensions of successful outcomes for women in nontraditional roles in lower levels of the manufacturing hierarchy. The study was conducted at two large, durable goods manufacturers in the Midwest. The participants were eight women in nontraditional roles, two women in traditional roles, and five men in traditional roles using qualitative methods to collect, analyze, and present the results;The findings indicated that perceptions of success for the women in nontraditional roles incorporated the themes of competence, satisfaction, mentoring and peer support, and interpersonal style. Barriers to achieving success were related to the themes of ...


Self-Reported Measures Of Work Satisfaction, Receptivity Towards Organizational Change, And Ratings Of Quality Management Initiatives Of Campus Facilities' Workers In The State Universities Of Iowa , Radhakrishnan Balamuralikrishna Jan 1997

Self-Reported Measures Of Work Satisfaction, Receptivity Towards Organizational Change, And Ratings Of Quality Management Initiatives Of Campus Facilities' Workers In The State Universities Of Iowa , Radhakrishnan Balamuralikrishna

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Faced with increasing budgetary constraints, higher educational institutions across the United States are attempting to transform their organizational systems and processes. Quality management initiatives have become increasingly popular in several functions of universities and four-year colleges. In particular, campus facilities' departments have adopted total quality management (TQM) as the new Philosophy;;The major purpose of this study was to develop an instrument to measure job satisfaction, receptivity towards organizational change, and ratings of quality management initiatives as perceived by custodial workers employed in university campus facilities. A secondary purpose was to determine existing perceptions of custodial workers employed by the ...


Applied Academics: An Evaluation Of The Applied Academics Program In Iowa , Dennis Wayne Field Jan 1997

Applied Academics: An Evaluation Of The Applied Academics Program In Iowa , Dennis Wayne Field

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This investigation compares academic achievement and employability skills of high school students enrolled in applied academics courses versus traditional courses. Outcomes from three American College Testing Work Keys assessment tests--Applied Mathematics (AM), Applied Technology (AT), and Reading for Information (RFI)--were used as measures of employability skills. Data were collected under quasi-experimental conditions on 1,321 students from 9 Iowa high schools. The data included school, type of course (applied or traditional), course subject matter, class within course, gender, grade, grade point average (GPA), Iowa Tests of Educational Development (ITED) score, test content area, and test score;Findings included: (1 ...


Differences In Perceived Technological Problem-Solving Ability Of University Technology And Humanities Students , Farhad Jadali Jan 1997

Differences In Perceived Technological Problem-Solving Ability Of University Technology And Humanities Students , Farhad Jadali

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Technology is one of the most dominant factors impinging on our lives. Of critical importance is that some citizens have specific knowledge of how to solve selected problems and make intelligent and informed decisions about technology. The purpose of this study was to determine if university students' perspectives of their technological problem-solving skills improve as they progress through their degree programs. The study was designed to look at selected student criteria to determine the results;A Perceived Technological Problem Solving Ability Instrument (PTPSAI) was developed to address the following research questions: (1) Is there a significant difference in the perceptions ...


Tqm Comes To The Carter Company: A Case Study Of Quality Improvement Teams In A Total Quality Management Initiative In A Mid-Sized Manufacturing Company , James William Teegarden Jan 1996

Tqm Comes To The Carter Company: A Case Study Of Quality Improvement Teams In A Total Quality Management Initiative In A Mid-Sized Manufacturing Company , James William Teegarden

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines a Total Quality Management (TQM) initiative in which cross functional quality improvement teams were a key element. The study was conducted in a mid-sized manufacturing company located in the Midwest, using a qualitative research paradigm, during the spring and summer of 1995. The Carter Company (a pseudonym) had started the TQM initiative 24 months before the study began;Information about the Carter Company's TQM initiative was obtained through interviews with the management group, with members of two cross functional quality improvement teams, and with groups of employees who had not been members of a cross functional ...


Developing An Attribute Rating Scale To Select Employees Who Display The Potential To Become Effective In-House Trainers In Manufacturing Companies , Shin-Far Lin Jan 1996

Developing An Attribute Rating Scale To Select Employees Who Display The Potential To Become Effective In-House Trainers In Manufacturing Companies , Shin-Far Lin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research on attitudes and training outcomes suggests that employees with positive attitudes have better job performance and involvement in the workplace. As the training environment has changed from teacher-centered to learner-centered, both trainers and trainees are responsible for training efficiency. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that contribute to being an effective trainer. This research also provided suggestions to help employers and managers effectively select trainers who could increase training efficiency and productivity and reduce production costs;An attribute rating scale of 66 items was developed to effectively select potential trainers from current employees. A research ...


The Effect Of Learning Problem-Solving Methods On Learning To Program In The Basic Language , Yen-Chu Hung Jan 1995

The Effect Of Learning Problem-Solving Methods On Learning To Program In The Basic Language , Yen-Chu Hung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to compare learning problem-solving methods versus non problem-solving activity (word-processing) on subsequent learning to program in the BASIC language. It also examined a method to provide students with increased knowledge and skills to enable them to learn how to program;A pretest-posttest control group design was used in this experiment with random assignment of subjects to one of three groups. Experiment groups one (deduction group) and two (induction group) first received the pretest and learning problem-solving methods; then group one received deduction instruction while group two received induction instruction, both followed by learning BASIC language programming ...


Effects Of Sequencing Computer-Based Instruction And Lecture In Learning Function Concepts Of C Programming Language , Su Chao-Ya Tsai Jan 1995

Effects Of Sequencing Computer-Based Instruction And Lecture In Learning Function Concepts Of C Programming Language , Su Chao-Ya Tsai

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the effectiveness of a computer-based lesson used before versus after formal lecture and examined students' difficulties in learning the function concepts of the C programming language. The subjects were fifteen university students who were randomly assigned to two treatment groups that received different instructional sequences. The subjects completed questionnaires, a pretest, the computer-based lesson and a posttest. During the experiment, students' learning processes were observed, their program errors were recorded by the computer system, and some students' reactions were video-taped;Results showed that students' posttest scores were not significantly affected by whether the computer-based lesson was presented ...


A Computer Tutorial And Simulation System For Teaching Digital Function Minimization , Farn-Shing Chen Jan 1995

A Computer Tutorial And Simulation System For Teaching Digital Function Minimization , Farn-Shing Chen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to compare student achievement resulting from learning minimization of Boolean algebra by computer tutorial/simulation program versus traditional lecture/practice instruction (manipulating actual components). Two groups of undergraduate students participated in this study and were randomly assigned to either the experimental or control group;A tutorial/simulation program for Boolean function simplification was developed for the experimental group. The teaching program had two parts--tutorial and simulation. Five topics including basic logic concepts, Boolean algebra rules and laws, and simplified methods were presented in a computer tutorial program. Simulation software and simulation circuits were previously set up ...


Development Of A Curriculum Model For Vocational/Technology Education , Gary Loyd Schnellert Jan 1993

Development Of A Curriculum Model For Vocational/Technology Education , Gary Loyd Schnellert

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The problem of the present study was to investigate several aspects of the School Improvement Model (SIM) and consider its applicability in addressing the needs of vocational/technological education at the secondary school level. Initially, the SIM model was closely studied and related literature researched in an effort to determine a appropriate method to derive a functional model. Experts in the field of curriculum were solicited and their experiences taken into consideration prior to the development of a model. Taking into account the SIM model, the related literature and the experiences of others, a model was developed and presented before ...


A Comparison Of Achievement Resulting From Learning Electronics Concepts By Computer Simulation Versus Traditional Laboratory Instruction , Saeid Moslehpour Jan 1993

A Comparison Of Achievement Resulting From Learning Electronics Concepts By Computer Simulation Versus Traditional Laboratory Instruction , Saeid Moslehpour

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to compare student achievement resulting from learning electronics concepts by computer simulation versus traditional laboratory instruction (manipulating actual components). The purpose of this study was to enhance the student knowledge about passive-devices electronics circuitry. Two groups of college students participated in this study over an academic year;The review of literature indicated three types of results from the computer simulation and its effects on students: (1) positive effect; (2) negative effect; (3) no effect. The majority of researches indicated that computer simulation enhances the student knowledge of the subject matter;Pretests were given to both groups ...


Development Of An Instrument To Measure The Levels Of Total Quality Management (Tqm) Implementation In Manufacturing Organizations , Jai Woo Hong Jan 1993

Development Of An Instrument To Measure The Levels Of Total Quality Management (Tqm) Implementation In Manufacturing Organizations , Jai Woo Hong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to develop a reliable instrument to measure employees' perceptions regarding the Total Quality Management (TQM) practices in manufacturing organizations. The Total Quality Management Profile (TQMP) was developed on a review of the literature and based on a panel of experts justifications and recommendations. Among the independent variables examined were different sizes of companies and different lengths of exposure to TQM;The findings of the study revealed that: (1) employees of medium companies have the most positive perceptions toward the current practices regarding continuous improvement efforts, (2) employees of small companies have the most positive perceptions toward ...


Leadership Attributes Addressed In Industrial Technology/Technology Education Doctoral Programs As Perceived By Faculty And Recent Graduates , Ted Malton Bensen Jan 1993

Leadership Attributes Addressed In Industrial Technology/Technology Education Doctoral Programs As Perceived By Faculty And Recent Graduates , Ted Malton Bensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions of faculty and recent graduates of industrial technology/technology education doctoral programs to (a) determine the importance of specific leadership attributes to professionals in the field, (b) determine the efforts of doctoral programs to address leadership attributes and their development in students, and (c) identify the activities or experiences within the doctoral programs that address specific leadership attributes in students;A two-part survey instrument was developed by the researcher to assess the perceptions of faculty (two from each department) and recent graduates (1988-1993) of industrial technology/technology education doctoral programs ...


Teaching For Transfer Of Assembly Language Concepts To C Programming Using Computer-Based Instruction And Traditional Instruction , Hsiu-Mei Lin Jan 1993

Teaching For Transfer Of Assembly Language Concepts To C Programming Using Computer-Based Instruction And Traditional Instruction , Hsiu-Mei Lin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The aim of teaching assembly language in a computer application course is to introduce students to abstract concepts before delving into programming details. For a novice, it is difficult to understand and learn assembly language in a short amount of time. Hence, the use of a series of computer-based programs may be helpful. Based on this perspective, a computer-based assembly language program LEARNIT was designed to establish a meaningful introduction for students to programming;The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to evaluate the effectiveness of using computer-based instruction in learning assembly language at the undergraduate level and (2 ...


A Case Study Of Inservice Education For Teachers Of Computer Education At The Elementary School Level In Taiwan, Republic Of China , Lih-Jen Jew Jan 1992

A Case Study Of Inservice Education For Teachers Of Computer Education At The Elementary School Level In Taiwan, Republic Of China , Lih-Jen Jew

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to gather the perceptions and the attitudes of elementary school teachers in Taiwan R.O.C. regarding inservice computer education programs. The study also investigated elementary school teachers' attitudes towards content, format, scheduling, and administrative' support of inservice education;Data were collected by way of a survey which was measured using a Likert scale. A proportional, stratified random sampling procedure was used to identify 200 elementary schools from the 2,467 elementary schools in Taiwan. The survey was mailed to principals of sampled schools. Only one teacher from each school was chosen as a ...


The Perceived Effectiveness Of The National Plumbing Competency Test In Taiwan, Republic Of China , Chang-Yen Tsai Jan 1992

The Perceived Effectiveness Of The National Plumbing Competency Test In Taiwan, Republic Of China , Chang-Yen Tsai

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to ascertain the perceptions of the plumbing incumbent workers, supervisors, and vocational educators regarding the current effectiveness of the National Occupational Competency Test in theory and practical aspects in Taiwan, Republic of China;The questionnaire method of data collection was used. A questionnaire was designed and structured into three parts that included the National Plumbing Competency Test critical competencies assessment, the perception assessment and personal information. A total of 112 plumbing incumbent workers, 110 supervisors, and 30 vocational educators responded to the questionnaires;Conclusions drawn from the findings were: (1) There was a high Spearman's ...


A Study To Identify The Quality Of Vocational Leadership Provided To The Fifteen Merged Area Community Colleges By The Iowa Department Of Education, Marc Reynold Shelstrom Jan 1992

A Study To Identify The Quality Of Vocational Leadership Provided To The Fifteen Merged Area Community Colleges By The Iowa Department Of Education, Marc Reynold Shelstrom

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.