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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Asian International Students' Ethnic Identity, Spirituality, Acculturation, And Experience Of Racism: Relationship With Attitude Toward Seeking Professional Therapeutic Help , Anthony D. Santiago Jan 2005

Asian International Students' Ethnic Identity, Spirituality, Acculturation, And Experience Of Racism: Relationship With Attitude Toward Seeking Professional Therapeutic Help , Anthony D. Santiago

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The number of international students continues to grow in the United States, especially students from the Asian continent. However, research continues to show that Asian international students tend to under-use therapeutic services, even though they experience many of the common problems that all students face entering college. Before mental health practitioners and therapists can effectively work with these students, they need to understand international students in terms of their attitudes toward seeking professional therapeutic help and various proximal variables that may influence their attitudes.;The present study examined the relationship between ethnic identity, spirituality, acculturation, and racism with attitudes toward ...


Assessing The Relationship Between Encouragement And Social Interest: An Adlerian Perspective , Michael Patrick Mcclain Jan 2005

Assessing The Relationship Between Encouragement And Social Interest: An Adlerian Perspective , Michael Patrick Mcclain

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research utilized data from Reconnecting Youth in Iowa, a positive youth development program for at-risk students, to assess the relationship between two Adlerian psychology constructs: encouragement and social interest. Relevant survey questions utilized in outcome studies for the program were clustered into the theoretical constructs. Pearson product moment correlations revealed broad correlations between indicators of encouragement and social interest. Analysis of variance revealed there were significant difference between high, moderate, and low levels of encouragement on most social interest indicators. Implications for helping professionals and programmatic efforts are discussed.


Use Of The Oral History Interview To Assess Communication And Marital Satisfaction In Later-Life Couples , Daniel James Harkness Jan 2004

Use Of The Oral History Interview To Assess Communication And Marital Satisfaction In Later-Life Couples , Daniel James Harkness

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A study was designed to explore the content and process of marital history storytelling in later life couples and the relationship of storytelling content and process to marital satisfaction. Fifty-six Caucasian couples ranging in age from 47--83 years were recruited for participation in the study. Each spouse completed the Satisfaction subscale of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS; Spanier & Cole, 1974) and couples participated in an Oral History Interview (Buehlman, Gottman, & Katz, 1992) designed to elicit their marital history story. Research team members viewed each interview and obtained consensus scores for each couple using the Global Assessment of Relational Functioning (GARF; APA, 1994). All interviews were transcribed and data was segmented into thought units and speeches. The Relationship Path Coding System (RPCS) was designed to code thought units in marital stories according to content and process variables. Content variables included amount of detail ...


Parents' Relationships With And Parenting Of Their Adolescents Following The Anasazi Foundation Experience , Martin John Erickson Jan 2004

Parents' Relationships With And Parenting Of Their Adolescents Following The Anasazi Foundation Experience , Martin John Erickson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores parents' experiences with the Anasazi Foundation, a wilderness behavioral treatment program for adolescents and their parents. Other research has studied the effectiveness of wilderness treatment, but very little has been conducted formally with the parents of those adolescents. I sought to find out what has been the nature of these parents' relationships with and parenting of their adolescent after having experienced the Anasazi program. Second, I wanted to know what specifically made the difference, and what made the changes they experienced possible. Third, I inquired about the role of predominant cultural expectations and discourses in their parenting ...


The Meaning, Experience And Ecology Of African Christian Marriages And Familial Relationships: A Phenomenological Study At Makumira University College, Tanzania , Wayne L. Nieminen Jan 2004

The Meaning, Experience And Ecology Of African Christian Marriages And Familial Relationships: A Phenomenological Study At Makumira University College, Tanzania , Wayne L. Nieminen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research on African Christian marriage and family life has lacked a critical focus on the experience and meaning of marriage between husbands and wives as couples. The intention of this phenomenological investigation is to enrich the international family therapy field's understanding of the complexity and wider ecology (economic, religious, historical, feminist, educational) of African marriage and family life, specifically in the Christian population. Research took place at Makumira University College in Tanzania, a seminary of the Tumaini University system of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania, interviewing students, faculty and their spouses in a variety of formats (couple, individual ...


An Examination Of Parent-Child Play As Influential In The Development Of Aggression In Preschool Boys , Becky Renae Davenport Jan 2004

An Examination Of Parent-Child Play As Influential In The Development Of Aggression In Preschool Boys , Becky Renae Davenport

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Children displaying high levels of aggression have repeatedly been shown to be at significant risk for continued behavior problems and other social and emotional challenges throughout their lifetimes. The current project includes two papers that examine factors contributing to the development and maintenance of aggression in preschool-aged children, especially focusing on preschool boys. The first paper reviews theoretical and empirical literature addressing the development of aggressive behavior problems. Specific attention is given to influences within the child's family environment, including positive parental involvement, harsh discipline practices, and play activities of the child both individually and jointly with his or ...


I Found My Insides: Giving Voice To The Adolescent Experience Of A Gender-Specific Treatment Program , Lue Kirsten Turner Jan 2003

I Found My Insides: Giving Voice To The Adolescent Experience Of A Gender-Specific Treatment Program , Lue Kirsten Turner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Popular family based treatment approaches have generally failed to take into account the unique contextual issues adolescent females face in their development. Gender socialization, cultural stereotypes, and the meaning given to physical changes at puberty, are a few of these sociological contexts that are uniquely different for developing adolescent girls as compared to boys. The purpose of this research was to highlight voices of female adolescents as they shared their experience of being involved in a gender-specific treatment program designed to address the unique issues they faced as developing females. A qualitative methodology was chosen which consisted of eight interviews ...


How Dual-Earner Adoptive Couples Distribute Family Labor Responsibilities In Special-Needs Adoptive Placements , Darren Anthony Wozny Jan 2002

How Dual-Earner Adoptive Couples Distribute Family Labor Responsibilities In Special-Needs Adoptive Placements , Darren Anthony Wozny

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Ten dual-earner adoptive couples within the initial 18 months of their special-needs adoptive placement were interviewed regarding how they organize their family and work lives to provide consistent care for their adoptive child. The analysis identified six major content domains: (a) non-adoption-specific family challenges; (b) adoption-specific family challenges; (c) extent of social support for adoptive couples; (d) experiences that helped in the adoption adjustment; (e) sharing family responsibilities; (f) adoptive parents' management of their work contexts. The latter two domains are most closely related to the primary research question. In terms of sharing family responsibilities, several themes were identified: (a ...


Family Support Among Undocumented Central American Immigrants: A Grounded Theory , Santos Miguel Chupina-Orantes Jan 2002

Family Support Among Undocumented Central American Immigrants: A Grounded Theory , Santos Miguel Chupina-Orantes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative inquiry was to build a substantive theory of family support following the systemic design of grounded theory. In particular, the inquiry addressed the behavioral and attitudinal patterns of family support that occur among undocumented Central American immigrant families in the United States. In order to collect data, in-depth interviews were conducted with nine undocumented Central American immigrant families living in a metropolitan area of the Midwest and with three staff members from social institutions involved in assisting undocumented immigrants. These interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim. The collected data was systematically analyzed using the procedures ...


To Widen The Circle: A Grounded Theory Study Of Couples Co-Creating Transformation , Kirk Eugene Zinck Jan 2002

To Widen The Circle: A Grounded Theory Study Of Couples Co-Creating Transformation , Kirk Eugene Zinck

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The researcher studied the process of transformation among 16 married and cohabiting couples. Research focused upon co-created transformation, a profound change in lifestyle and relationship stemming from a collaborative effort to (1) address incongruities between a couples' lifestyle and mutually held values, and (2) enhance their mutual fulfillment and quality of life.;After focusing the research upon four exemplary couples, a four-stage model of co-created transformation emerged. The four stages include (1) acknowledging incongruity, (2) generating preferences, (3) widening the circle, and (4) continuing the journey. The model is founded upon three necessary conditions, which include (1) basic needs, (2 ...


What Influences Patients To Change?: A Qualitative Exploration Of Health Decision-Making Factors Among Diabetes Patients , William Ralph Garris Jr. Jan 2002

What Influences Patients To Change?: A Qualitative Exploration Of Health Decision-Making Factors Among Diabetes Patients , William Ralph Garris Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The United States' aging population increasingly requires the medical community to address chronic disease management, rather than the treatment of acute conditions. Management of long term health concerns relies heavily on the active participation of the patient, yet insight into patient motivations is lacking. A review of the literature revealed that most medical research into the patient as a person has addressed factors related to non-compliance, such as demographics, compliance with specific therapeutic regimens, and external factors such as pill shape and color. Research into the health decision-making process from the perspective of the patient was found to be generally ...


Relational Transformation In Family Therapy Supervision: A Qualitative Inquiry In A Postmodern Collaborative Learning Community , Dilek Tinaz Jan 2002

Relational Transformation In Family Therapy Supervision: A Qualitative Inquiry In A Postmodern Collaborative Learning Community , Dilek Tinaz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study presents an emerging qualitative inquiry about relational transformation in family therapy supervision at the Houston Galveston Institute (HGI), a postmodern collaborative learning community. Ethno-phenomenology is used as a blended methodology. The researcher acknowledged the participants performing co-researchers of their experiences of relational transformation through supervision relationships. Ten participants, seven supervisors and three supervisors, described their experiences of transformation through their supervision relationships at a postmodern collaborative learning community, the HGI. All participants defined transformation and the process of relational transformation in reference to their own experiences of transformation and their understandings of theory of social construction. As they ...


The Preparation Of Pastors In Premarital Counseling , Jeffrey Karl Buikema Jan 2001

The Preparation Of Pastors In Premarital Counseling , Jeffrey Karl Buikema

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Historically, clergy have been the primary providers of premarital counseling (PMC). Over the past 50 years, limited research has been focused on the preparation needs of pastors in PMC. When asked, they claimed to feel inadequate as PMC providers. They cited inadequate seminary education as the reason (Babb, 1992; Buikema, 1999; Ipes, 1982; Loskot, 1993; Stahmann & Hiebert, 1997).;The purpose of this qualitative research study was to examine the "lived experience" of pastors and their PMC ring needs by seeking their direct input. Twelve interviews were conducted. The researcher developed a 10-question protocol based on his previous research on PMC (Buikema, 1999 ...


Evaluation And Process Of Family Law And Divorce Mediation In Polk County, Iowa , Jill Roxanne Sudak-Allison Jan 2001

Evaluation And Process Of Family Law And Divorce Mediation In Polk County, Iowa , Jill Roxanne Sudak-Allison

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Fifty percent of all marriages end in divorce prior to the seventh year of marriage (Bee, 1994; National Center for Health Statistics, 1991). As a result many young children live with one parent. The U.S. Census Bureau (1998) estimates this effects 19.8 million children. Children living in single-headed households are more likely to suffer social, emotional, economic, educational, health and psychological problems (Chase-Lansdale, & Heatherington, 1990; Emery, 1988). Parents also experience difficulties adjusting to the end of a relationship. Amato (1993) believes this transition phase of divorce lasts between 2 to 5 years. Family law/divorce mediation was created to lessen ...


Early Family Experiences And The Financial Behavior Of College Students: The Impact Of Gender And Gambling , Bryan Gayle Miller Jan 2001

Early Family Experiences And The Financial Behavior Of College Students: The Impact Of Gender And Gambling , Bryan Gayle Miller

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The ability of early family experiences to predict college student's financial behavior was explored and potential moderating effects of gambling status and gender were examined. Multiple family factors including child participation, maternal and paternal communication, maternal and paternal influence, and the age at which the child knew about and was involved in financial matters were utilized. Regression models attempting to predict student's financial impulsiveness, financial satisfaction, financial stress, and credit card debt were examined while ANOVA models were utilized to examine potential moderating effects. Results provided a mixed picture of the relationship of early family influences and later ...


Voluntary Simplicity: An Enacted Reality , Timothy John Mullaney Jan 2001

Voluntary Simplicity: An Enacted Reality , Timothy John Mullaney

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Voluntary Simplicity is a term reflecting the attempt to live life more deliberately, in accordance with one's values. The following study examines voluntary simplicity as it is lived in social contexts.;Following a historical review of simplicity in Chapter One, Chapter Two presents epistemological assumptions that undergird the research design that follows in chapter Three. It recognizes two major ways of knowing voluntary simplicity: (1) through comparing statements that different members of a family make and (2) through comparisons of statements that individuals make. The latter approach divides into noetic statements, or constituting acts, and noematic statements, or constituted ...


Psychosocial Factors In Marital And Family Relationships Associated With Physical Illness: A Case For Collaborative Health Care , Clifford Stanley Jernigan Jan 2000

Psychosocial Factors In Marital And Family Relationships Associated With Physical Illness: A Case For Collaborative Health Care , Clifford Stanley Jernigan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the diagnosis and treatment of physical illness, limited attention is given to psychosocial factors related to the etiology, pathogenesis, and treatment of symptoms. Over the past thirty years, however, practitioners have increasingly begun to acknowledge the importance of psychosocial factors to the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of apparently biomedical symptoms. DSM-IV alludes to psychological factors affecting a person's medical condition, and thereby infers an association between the factors and physical illness. Understanding the connection between biomedical and coexisting mental symptoms may provide new cues to a more accurate diagnosis and treatment of organic as well as mental disorders ...


Supervisory Needs Of In-Home Therapists As Compared With Therapists Of Clinical Settings , Milagros Teresa Masini Rivera Jan 2000

Supervisory Needs Of In-Home Therapists As Compared With Therapists Of Clinical Settings , Milagros Teresa Masini Rivera

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study compares supervisory needs of in-home therapists with therapists of clinical settings. This body of research provides a framework for examining the needs of in-home family therapist and therapists in clinical settings. This paper also reviews the literature regarding the field of family therapy and in-home family therapy. A major contribution of this study is the development of an instrument to assess needs that are important for in-home therapists and therapists working in other settings such as hospitals, residential treatment units, university clinics, private practice, community agencies, schools, nursing homes, employee assistance program and health maintenance organizations. This study ...


Ministers' Perception Of Support Received From Their Congregation: A Qualitative Study , Jackie Lynne Halstead Jan 2000

Ministers' Perception Of Support Received From Their Congregation: A Qualitative Study , Jackie Lynne Halstead

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Churches and the ministers who lead them play a role of significance in our society. The dynamics of the relationship between them impact the success of the ministry occupation. This study examined this relationship, specifically the minister's perception of support from the congregation. Focus groups of ministers and laity provided the dialogue from which the following categories emerged: absence of support, basis of support and absence of support, expectations, identified support, manifestations of support, and recommended solutions. It was determined that both populations have an understanding of the topic and awareness of possible solutions for an absence of support ...


Understanding The Experience Of Families Involved In Family-Based Treatment Programs , Sara Laurene Brandt-Demoss Jan 2000

Understanding The Experience Of Families Involved In Family-Based Treatment Programs , Sara Laurene Brandt-Demoss

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Experiences of families who had an adolescent in a family-based treatment program were chronicled. Interviews were conducted at the time that the adolescents had been in the program for two months and again at four months. Interviews were conducted separately with the adolescents and their parents. Interviews were also conducted with the family therapist working with these adolescents and their families to create a three-dimensional view of the families' experience;Participant comments about their experience with the family-based program were organized into categories. The categories which emerged from the data were: Changes, Adolescent Perceptions, Family, Experience of Treatment, Continued Issues ...


Fatherhood And Deconstructive Knowledge: Alternative Ethical And Methodological Considerations For Men Interviewing Men , Thomas Dale Carlson Jan 2000

Fatherhood And Deconstructive Knowledge: Alternative Ethical And Methodological Considerations For Men Interviewing Men , Thomas Dale Carlson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research and theorizing about fathering has lacked a critical focus on issues of power, privilege, and accountability in parenting relationships. The purpose of this dissertation is to introduce some new methodological issues for working with fathers that are capable of addressing these important issues. It is proposed that because of the problems of positionality and power in relationships it is critical for research with fathers to engage in a deconstructive process of the ways that power and positionality affect the lives of children and women. A new methodology of deconstructive knowledge is presented to help address concerns with positionality. Important ...


Effects Of A Clinical Feedback System On Client And Therapist Outcomes In A Rural Community Mental Health Center , Linda Sue Trudeau Jan 2000

Effects Of A Clinical Feedback System On Client And Therapist Outcomes In A Rural Community Mental Health Center , Linda Sue Trudeau

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was undertaken following the advent of managed care. Clinicians have been critical of managed care's use of utilization review and arbitrary session limits, claiming these restrictions have not allowed them to provide needed care to some clients;The study evaluated the Outcomes Questionnaire ( OQ), a monitoring system that measures mental health symptoms and functioning (Lambert et al., 1996). Using this system, clients are assessed at multiple time points over the course of psychotherapy and compared to community samples; when clients are not improving or are deteriorating, adjustments in the treatment regimen can be made;The study was ...


Postmodernism In Therapy: Meanings And Concerns , Jeffrey Joseph Crane Jan 1999

Postmodernism In Therapy: Meanings And Concerns , Jeffrey Joseph Crane

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation project seeks to confront confusion and criticism that has accompanied postmodernism's introduction into the field of therapy by identifying separate characteristics found in the professional literature and by asking three contributors to respond to criticism;The first article examines common ideas and characteristics attributed to postmodernism as found in family therapy literature. Toward that end, thirty-one articles from seven journals were examined to identify these meanings. This research found six general categories within which comments about postmodernism were expressed. Within the core category, twenty-six separate characteristics were identified;The second article addresses published criticism that postmodernism promotes ...


Termination: How Families Experience The End Of Family Therapy , Henry Boone Grant Jr. Jan 1999

Termination: How Families Experience The End Of Family Therapy , Henry Boone Grant Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Families who experienced a successful outcome to family therapy appeared to be ready to terminate when they had made a paradigm shift in their thinking about family problems and how to resolve them. In this study families communicated two signs of readiness to terminate therapy: (1) the family stopped focusing on the child as a problem and viewed the child as growing up; (2) the parental dyad expressed a renewed sense of confidence in themselves to handle any relationship problems that might arise in the family. Families who remain focused on the problems of the child were not confident in ...


What Keeps Unhappy Couples Together?: A Qualitative And Theoretical Exploration , Bingham Page Wall Jan 1999

What Keeps Unhappy Couples Together?: A Qualitative And Theoretical Exploration , Bingham Page Wall

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research on marriage has centered on either what happy couples are doing right or what unhappy couples are doing wrong. As a result, researchers have ignored low-quality, high-stability (LQHS) couples, those couples that choose to stay together even though they may be unhappy with each other. This dissertation investigates what keeps couples who are unhappy in their relationships together. A theory was developed based on the marital literature. The transcripts of semi-structured interviews with 9 couples married 5 years or longer, who scored the lowest on the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) out of a sample of 99 Midwestern, American couples ...


The Forgotten Victim: An In-Depth Look And An Overall Assessment Of Alzheimer's Caregivers' Needs, Struggles, And Satisfactions , Angela Lynn Smith Jan 1999

The Forgotten Victim: An In-Depth Look And An Overall Assessment Of Alzheimer's Caregivers' Needs, Struggles, And Satisfactions , Angela Lynn Smith

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Alzheimer's disease is currently the fourth leading cause of death in adults (Alzheimer's Disease, 1994). Approximately four million Americans have Alzheimer's Disease, and an amazing 14 million are projected to have the disease by the middle of the next century unless a cure is found (Alzheimer's Disease, 1994; Iowa Department of Elder Affairs, 1992). Nearly 40 primary caregivers offered life stories of how Alzheimer's has impacted their lives. Spiritual, legal, financial, home modification, medical, and emotional needs were discussed by caregivers. Twelve in-depth interviews were conducted to gain greater insight into how practitioners in diverse ...


Staff Evaluations And Perceptions Of Organizational Culture: Implications For Performance Improvement And Mental Healthcare Service Evaluation , Jeffrey Scott Kerber Jan 1997

Staff Evaluations And Perceptions Of Organizational Culture: Implications For Performance Improvement And Mental Healthcare Service Evaluation , Jeffrey Scott Kerber

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The researcher studied staff perceptions and evaluations regarding the provision of adult outpatient mental health services at a county medical center. Methods to improve the quality of adult outpatient mental health services were examined. Qualitative methods were employed to conduct a process and cultural assessment. The researcher addressed: (1) staff evaluations of crucial issues regarding performance improvement, (2) cultural issues relating to organizational change and development, (3) the interventive impact of focus group involvement, (4) the utility of qualitative methods for data analysis, (5) specific considerations for mental healthcare staff, and (6) how the evaluative process of a specific service ...


A Qualitative Investigation Of Religion And Spirituality: Implications For Social Scientists And Psychotherapists , Charles Jordan Joanides Jan 1997

A Qualitative Investigation Of Religion And Spirituality: Implications For Social Scientists And Psychotherapists , Charles Jordan Joanides

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Religion and spirituality have recently become topics of discussion within the social sciences and among psychotherapists. This study has attempted to contribute to the ongoing discussion and research that has been conducted in this area by presenting descriptions and interpretations from a qualitative study involving two Christian denominations, i.e., Lutherans and Orthodox. From these observations and interpretations the researcher has constructed a rich, thick description of religious people's lived experiences of the terms religion and spirituality that has implications for social scientists and psychotherapists who have an interest in religion and spirituality. To be more specific, this research ...


Later-Life Marriage, Chronic Illness, And Spouse-Caregiver Functioning , Jennifer Lee Harkness Jan 1997

Later-Life Marriage, Chronic Illness, And Spouse-Caregiver Functioning , Jennifer Lee Harkness

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to understand the relationship between spouse-caregiver attachment style and couple's communication on spouse-caregiver depression and marital satisfaction. Fifty-two couples participated in the study with one spouse having been diagnosed with either cancer, Alzheimer's Disease, or stroke. Attachment Theory and the Epigenetic Relational Model were used as the theoretical basis for this research. The Consensus Rorschach Task was used to examine couples' communication. Lag sequential analyses and sequence repetition analyses were conducted on observational data to determine the effects of spouse-caregiver attachment style and couple's communication on spouse-caregiver depression and marital satisfaction. The findings ...


Perspectives On The Treatment Experience Of Intrafamily Child Sexual Abusers , Chad Otis Hamilton Jan 1997

Perspectives On The Treatment Experience Of Intrafamily Child Sexual Abusers , Chad Otis Hamilton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to develop an initial ethnographic account of the treatment experience of intrafamily child sexual abusers from the perspective of the perpetrator, a significant other of the perpetrator, and the perpetrator's individual therapist at Broadlawns Medical Center in Des Moines, Iowa;The ethnographer interviewed six sex offenders, six significant others, and four individual therapists. The interviews were analyzed using domain analysis outlined in Spradley's (1979) Developmental Research Sequence;Six domains of meaning were discussed. The four imposed domains were: (1) Changes In The Perpetrator, (2) Helpful Aspects Of The Broadlawns Treatment Program, (3 ...