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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Empowerment Of Latina University Students: A Phenomenological Study Of Ethnic Identity Development Through Involvement In A Latina-Based Sorority, Jennifer Gray Nuñez Jan 2004

The Empowerment Of Latina University Students: A Phenomenological Study Of Ethnic Identity Development Through Involvement In A Latina-Based Sorority, Jennifer Gray Nuñez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate through phenomenological methodology how a Latina-based sorority influences the ethnic identity development of those associated with it on a predominantly white campus in the Midwest. Using ethnographic methods, the twelve-week study involved weekly observations during the organization's scheduled meetings and other extracurricular activities. The fifteen participants were asked through a written survey, focus group sessions, and in-depth interviews to reflect on their experiences and environments before beginning college and at the present time. A phenomenological approach was used to interpret the stories shared by participants to understand how the Latina women ...


Student Self-Esteem And The Looking-Glass Self: Perceptions Of Emotional Support, Role Models, And Academic Success On A Community College Campus , Robert Lee Mcnair Jan 2004

Student Self-Esteem And The Looking-Glass Self: Perceptions Of Emotional Support, Role Models, And Academic Success On A Community College Campus , Robert Lee Mcnair

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A survey of 261 students at Des Moines Area Community College-Boone Campus was conducted to examine self-esteem in relation to perceptions of role models, emotional support, academic adjustment, and academic success. Symbolic interactionism and the looking-glass self formed the conceptual basis of the research. Factor and Cronbach's alpha analyses tended to confirm internal validity and reliability of the constructs, respectively.;Hypothesis testing revealed some significant (p ≤ .05) relationships. Pearson's product moment correlation linked student self-esteem and social perceptions. Self-esteem was higher when the students: had a support person, saw the support person or role model as similar to ...


Wage Disparity: A Comparison Of Residual Differences In Predicted And Actual Faculty Wages By Gender At Iowa State University , Harold Eddie Lee Jan 2003

Wage Disparity: A Comparison Of Residual Differences In Predicted And Actual Faculty Wages By Gender At Iowa State University , Harold Eddie Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research project outlines the rigorous and detailed methods used in conducting a gender-related salary equity study. Specifically, this study looks into the question of whether salaries received by female faculty members are significantly different from the salaries received by Caucasian-male faculty members. In this study, data for five academic years are analyzed to judge whether salary levels for female and Caucasian-male faculty members within selected disciplines, departments, and/or colleges at a major land-grant academic institution are impartial across gender after controlling and/or accounting for variations in individual faculty characteristics.;After assembling the data, the author uses a ...


Truths About Sojourner: African American Women And The Professorship: Their Struggles And Their Successes On Negotiating Promotion And Tenure At A Predominantly White Institution , Lynette Letricia Danley Jan 2003

Truths About Sojourner: African American Women And The Professorship: Their Struggles And Their Successes On Negotiating Promotion And Tenure At A Predominantly White Institution , Lynette Letricia Danley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this investigation was to explore the internal and external factors that contributed to the successful negotiation of promotion and tenure for six African American female faculty members at a selected predominantly White Doctoral Extensive Institution. The data were gathered over the course of one year and were initiated after a pilot study was conducted on how first-generation African American graduate students navigated through graduate school. Factors including individual persistence and aspiration as well as the need for institutional support continued to emerge particularly for the respondents who decided to pursue the life of academics. The protocol ...


Community College Finance: Current Funds Revenue Sources In 11 Midwest States In The Decade Of The 1990s , Carol Noel Piper Kenton Jan 2003

Community College Finance: Current Funds Revenue Sources In 11 Midwest States In The Decade Of The 1990s , Carol Noel Piper Kenton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Twelve current funds revenue sources utilized by 212 community colleges in 11 Midwest states during the decade of the 1990s were analyzed, using data from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), available on the Internet. Comparisons were made by state as well as time, using the two-way analysis of variance. Of particular interest were trends in the proportions of student tuition and fees, and state and/or local appropriations from 1990 to 1995 to 2000. Also examined was the states' use of alternative funding sources to compensate for a possible reduction in government appropriations. Different funding models within the ...


A Comparison Of The Enrollment, Persistence And Transfer Rates Of White And Minority Students At Des Moines Area Community College , Kim Jeanine Linduska Jan 2003

A Comparison Of The Enrollment, Persistence And Transfer Rates Of White And Minority Students At Des Moines Area Community College , Kim Jeanine Linduska

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The role of the community college has been to unlock the doors of education opportunity for all individuals, and provide the entry point to higher education. Community colleges are the primary gateway to education for many of our minority and first generation students. Reflecting national trends, enrollment of minority students in Iowa's community colleges is increasing. The available transfer data demonstrate the low participation and transfer rates of minority students in community colleges and in higher education, in general, in Iowa. A detailed analysis of the number of minority students enrolling, and persisting in community colleges and transferring to ...


The Development Of An Evaluation Process: Iowa Industrial New Jobs Training Programs (260e) , Karen Fay Poole Jan 2002

The Development Of An Evaluation Process: Iowa Industrial New Jobs Training Programs (260e) , Karen Fay Poole

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In 2002, the State of Iowa is developing guidelines for implementation of the Accountability Government Action, House File 687. This legislation will require all state departments to develop planning and accountability strategies that will fit within the overall direction of state government. The pilot research was conducted utilizing one community college and a single participating company, through case study methodology, and developed an evaluation process and instruments to measure the effectiveness of economic development initiatives, specifically Iowa Industrial New Jobs Training Programs (260E). Three additional community colleges and participating 260E businesses volunteered to pilot the evaluation instruments and compiled results ...


Examining The Academic Experiences Of Minorities Preparing For The Professoriate , Willie J. Heggins Iii Jan 2001

Examining The Academic Experiences Of Minorities Preparing For The Professoriate , Willie J. Heggins Iii

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The critical need to understand the socialization experiences of prospective minority faculty is apparent today. If higher education can understand more about the experiences of new minority faculty members, perhaps the academy will be able to develop continued supportive strategies that enhance their development into the academic profession. The purpose of this study was to examine the academic experiences of the minority participants in the Preparing Future Faculty program (PFF). As a consequence of participating in the PFF program, the minority participants regarded that they felt ready for a faculty position, regarded that mentoring was effective, indicated that awareness of ...


The Relationship Between Parental Educational Level And Academic Success Of College Freshmen , Yasan Gooding Jan 2001

The Relationship Between Parental Educational Level And Academic Success Of College Freshmen , Yasan Gooding

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study determined the difference in the level of academic potential/achievement across five populations of freshmen during an academic school year at Iowa State University. It examined students whose parents' highest education was: (1) high school diploma, (2) one or two years of college, (3) two-year associate or technical degree, (4) four-year degree, and (5) graduate or professional degree. Other factors that might impinge on student academic achievement are: poverty, socioeconomic status, and family structure/or marital status. The study investigated whether students whose parents attained higher levels of education beyond the high school diploma were more successful academically ...


Nontraditional Students' Learning And Developmental Experiences At Two-Year Institutions: An Assessment Of Hispanic/Latino(A) Students' Experiences At Selected Community Colleges In Iowa , Jaime Hernandez Mijangos Jan 2001

Nontraditional Students' Learning And Developmental Experiences At Two-Year Institutions: An Assessment Of Hispanic/Latino(A) Students' Experiences At Selected Community Colleges In Iowa , Jaime Hernandez Mijangos

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Despite the latest substantial increase in Hispanic/Latino(a) students enrollment in Higher Education institutions, more than 20% since 1993 at two-year and four-year colleges and universities and an increased enrollment of 4.7% in community colleges during a one-year period (1996--1997), issues of retention, transfer, and graduation are still the main focus of educational researchers, practitioners, and policy makers. Iowa community colleges have followed similar enrollment trends in the last decade or so when considering the growth of nontraditional students (Hispanic/Latino(a)s among them) entering such two-year institutions. As any other ethnic minority student group, Hispanic/Latino ...


American Indians In Higher Education: One Student's Story , Laura Deanne Browne Jan 2000

American Indians In Higher Education: One Student's Story , Laura Deanne Browne

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This document is a presentation of information gained from the collaboration between an American Indian student and a non-Indian educator at a Midwestern community college. Each chapter is introduced by a story or experience that shares an insight or point of discussion during the collaboration that later became the theme of a chapter;Chapter 1 provides an overview of American Indian participation in higher education, both in Euro-American and tribal institutions. Chapter 2 presents the history of American Indian education in the United States as a story told by a fictitious American Indian storyteller. Chapter 3 presents a comparison and ...


Oral Narrative And Analysis Of One African American Female's Struggle For Success In Higher Education , Kathleen Marie Clauson Jan 2000

Oral Narrative And Analysis Of One African American Female's Struggle For Success In Higher Education , Kathleen Marie Clauson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research study utilized the qualitative method of narrative inquiry to create and analyze the oral narrative of one African American female's struggle for success in higher education. This method allowed investigation of life experiences meaningful to the participant-narrator's success in higher education to be accomplished in collaboration with the participant-narrator; a student voice was heard and preserved. The oral narrative was then analyzed by the researcher in order to identify and examine elements (family and individual characteristics, life events, interactions, personal meanings) relevant to factors that have been identified by existing research findings as related to student ...


Status Of The Freshmen Learning Community Initiative At Iowa State University, Laura Jo Doering Jan 1999

Status Of The Freshmen Learning Community Initiative At Iowa State University, Laura Jo Doering

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

One type of experience in higher education today that encourages students to get involved in their learning, both in and outside of the classroom, are learning communities. Learning communities are "relatively small groups of students (and faculty) working together to enhance and integrate students' learning and to help students become well-rounded, broad based individuals" (Lenning & Ebbers, 1999, p. 15). Learning communities, when intentionally structured and centered on learning outcomes, enable students, faculty, and student affairs professionals to shape and mold the learning experience, and to do so in an energized environment. Ultimately, learning communities can increase retention, and improve student academic performance. The first purpose of this study was to increase understanding of whether freshmen learning communities at Iowa State University contribute positively to student persistence at the University and to student academic achievement (measured by grade point average).;The second purpose of this study was to explore which characteristics of learning communities at Iowa State University make a difference. This study compares the retention rates and GPA performance of learning community students based on five learning community characteristics: (1) lived together in a ...


Black Women Academicians Speak Out: Race, Class, And Gender In Narratives Of Higher Education , Sharon Louise Holmes Jan 1999

Black Women Academicians Speak Out: Race, Class, And Gender In Narratives Of Higher Education , Sharon Louise Holmes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to investigate the academic experiences of selected African American women faculty and administrators employed by two- and four-year predominantly White institutions in the Midwest region of the United States. Particularly attention was given to how the constructs of race, class, and gender shape their academic roles.


Day Treatment: Development Of A Model Program And Determination Of Its Effects On 13-21 Year Olds , Thomas Joseph Gehlsen Jan 1998

Day Treatment: Development Of A Model Program And Determination Of Its Effects On 13-21 Year Olds , Thomas Joseph Gehlsen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

For decades there has been a need in communities to provide a collaborative series of services to the emotionally and behaviorally disordered adolescent. These services need to be provided in a lesser restrictive environment other than a residential setting but more restrictive that a mainstream educational setting. In this completed study, the purpose was to describe an ecological treatment program for Behavior Disorder/Severely Emotionally Disturbed adolescents. The question, "How did the development of this type of treatment program come about and how did the effects of the program make the coordinated efforts of various local agencies a state and ...


Efficacy Of Institutional Interventions On The Attainment Profile Of African-Americans At A Regional Predominately White Institution: Questions Of Will, Effort, Competence And Responsibility , Robert Andre Broadus Jan 1998

Efficacy Of Institutional Interventions On The Attainment Profile Of African-Americans At A Regional Predominately White Institution: Questions Of Will, Effort, Competence And Responsibility , Robert Andre Broadus

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The nature of access to higher education at predominately white institutions for African-Americans has been focused largely on the preparation of the student. Little attention has been placed on the quality of the interaction of the student with standardized institutional practices and procedure. The purpose of this study is to examine the differences obtained by African-Americans, when the institution adjusts practices and procedures to be inclusive of the academic, social and environmental characteristics versus the creation of specialized interventions;African-American students attending a Midwestern regional comprehensive university between 1985-1990 are the bases of the study. Each entry class was introduced ...


Cultural Synergy: An Analysis Of The Impact Of Gender And Race On The Perceptions Of Administrators And Faculty On Understanding And Managing Diversity In Higher Education , R. Mary Thomas-Gallet Jan 1998

Cultural Synergy: An Analysis Of The Impact Of Gender And Race On The Perceptions Of Administrators And Faculty On Understanding And Managing Diversity In Higher Education , R. Mary Thomas-Gallet

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine whether faculty and administrators had different perceptions on the impact of cultural synergy as an approach to understand and manage cultural diversity in higher education. These perceptions were examined to identify whether there was an impact by the respondents' race and gender. The challenges facing higher education in dealing with diversity issues on campus and in the curriculum were discussed in this study and issues such as racism, affirmative action, and employee demographics were reviewed. The cultural synergy approach was examined by looking at various models;The population surveyed included all faculty ...


Ways Of Knowing And Caring For Older Adults: A Qualitative Study Of Baccalaureate Nursing Students' Perceptions , Debra Diane Braun Franzen Jan 1998

Ways Of Knowing And Caring For Older Adults: A Qualitative Study Of Baccalaureate Nursing Students' Perceptions , Debra Diane Braun Franzen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The growing population of older adults presents many challenges to nursing education. Curriculum design must attend to means that support students in a comprehensive approach to the often complex care that older adults require. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore how baccalaureate nursing students come to know and understand care for older adults, and apply this student perspective to curriculum and practice issues related to gerontology nursing;Eight recent graduates of a baccalaureate nursing program at a midwestern, private, liberal arts college were individually interviewed at two separate meetings. In addition, a document review was conducted of ...


Selection Factors Related To Satisfaction, Persistence, And Job Performance For Technical Writers At The Iowa State University Child Welfare Project , Mary Jean Loven Jan 1998

Selection Factors Related To Satisfaction, Persistence, And Job Performance For Technical Writers At The Iowa State University Child Welfare Project , Mary Jean Loven

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Bureau of Collections, Iowa Department of Human Services, is the designated agency to provide child support recovery services in the state of Iowa. This agency has received federal funding to expand and upgrade its computer system to support federal regulations for child support recovery programs. To enable the agency to meet federal standards, the Bureau (BOC) contracted with Iowa State University, through its Child Welfare Project, to secure technical writers who could play a major role in the development of policy and system enhancements. The position involved working as part of a team to develop and implement child support ...


A Comparison Of Incidence Of Injury And Recovery Profiles Of Intercollegiate Women Basketball Players Sustaining Anterior Cruciate Ligament Ruptures , Alice Mcneill Mclaine Jan 1997

A Comparison Of Incidence Of Injury And Recovery Profiles Of Intercollegiate Women Basketball Players Sustaining Anterior Cruciate Ligament Ruptures , Alice Mcneill Mclaine

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in women basketball players have come under recent scrutiny as it has become apparent that women athletes sustain more ACL injuries than their male counterparts. The purposes of this study were to examine (a) the effectiveness of intervention techniques in relation to sport return rates among women basketball players, (b) the effectiveness of injury prevention tactics in limiting anterior cruciate ligament injury rates, and (c) differences in these factors among NCAA Divisions I, II, and III;Data were collected from certified athletic trainers at forty-eight institutions across the nation. Representation was equally spread ...


Community College General Education Impact On Student Critical Thinking Ability , Judith Hansen Jan 1997

Community College General Education Impact On Student Critical Thinking Ability , Judith Hansen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study of the impact of community college general education, semester hours on student critical thinking ability responded to national and regional research recommendations in analysis of three components: (1) critical thinking, (2) general education, and (3) community college. Student critical thinking ability was measured by student scores on the ACT Collegiate Assessment of Academic Proficiency (CAAP) Critical Thinking component exam. General education was defined as the semester hours completed in each of five general education areas required for associate degree graduation: communications, humanities, math, science, and social science. All data for this study were obtained from the records of ...


A Study To Determine Student-Athletes' Motivational Climate Influencing Their Athletic And Academic Performance At A Midwestern University , Percy Lee Caldwell Jan 1997

A Study To Determine Student-Athletes' Motivational Climate Influencing Their Athletic And Academic Performance At A Midwestern University , Percy Lee Caldwell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to describe and analyze the perceptions and experiences of six selected student athletes at a Midwestern university. The general research objects of the study were to describe and analyze the perceptions, expectations, and experiences of student athletes regarding: (a) school climate; (b) personal attitude; (c) teachers' interaction; (d) coaches' interaction; and (e) parental impact;The emerging themes elicited from the primary data were summarized for each of the five constructs. Two themes for school climate were: (a) some students adapt to the conditions of their school environment with differential behaviors and attitudes of teachers ...


The African American Experience: Notes On Black Identity Development, Membership In A Historically Black Fraternity Or Sorority And Involvement, Kimberly Joyce Branch Jan 1997

The African American Experience: Notes On Black Identity Development, Membership In A Historically Black Fraternity Or Sorority And Involvement, Kimberly Joyce Branch

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Sorority Presidents' Leadership Experience: A Qualitative Research Methods Study, Robin Kathryn Shaffer Jan 1994

Sorority Presidents' Leadership Experience: A Qualitative Research Methods Study, Robin Kathryn Shaffer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Going Against The Grain: Women Student Leaders At Coeducational Institutions , Cecelia Renée Romano Jan 1994

Going Against The Grain: Women Student Leaders At Coeducational Institutions , Cecelia Renée Romano

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Student leadership in higher education is an educational and developmental experience for students. More information about the characteristics and experiences of women student leaders should assist student affairs professionals and faculty in maximizing educational opportunity for female students;This study examined the characteristics of women student presidents of campus-wide, coeducational student organizations at three large institutions of higher education in the midwest;Qualitative research was used in the study, with data being gathered during in depth, semi-structured interviews with 15 respondents at the three institutions. The study found that (a) families were very influential in the lives of these young ...


Federal Methodology And Financial Need For Farm Families , Charles F. Turner Jan 1994

Federal Methodology And Financial Need For Farm Families , Charles F. Turner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to evaluate specific changes made to the federal need analysis formula between aid years 1992 and 1993. The subjects examined were 1992 dependent student, firm family financial aid applicants at Iowa State University. A random sample of 200 records was drawn from a farm population of 2225 students;Aid applicant data were drawn from the institutions student aid system. These files were then reprocessed using federally approved need analysis calculators. Various computations, with and without assets, were performed using both 1992 and 1993 need analysis. The intent of these calculations was to compare changes ...


Faith Development And Higher Education , John Henry Bolen Jan 1994

Faith Development And Higher Education , John Henry Bolen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In recent years there has been a growing interest in the faith and spirituality of the college student. James Fowler introduced his theory of faith development in 1978 claiming that every person has a faith which develops in ways similar to other forms of human development. Does James Fowler's theory provide significant information for a further understanding of the spiritual development of the college student? Does higher education need to be concerned with the faith development of its students?;This dissertation is made up of four articles dealing with each question. The study begins with an article presenting the ...


A Study Of Selected Variables Associated With Projected Voting Behavior In A Community College Tax Referendum , Kathleen Marie Brock Jan 1994

A Study Of Selected Variables Associated With Projected Voting Behavior In A Community College Tax Referendum , Kathleen Marie Brock

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted at Northwest Iowa Community College (NCC), located in Sheldon, Iowa. Northwest Iowa Community College serves a 4 1/2 county rural area. In December of 1992 NCC placed a seven million dollar bond issue before the voters. This referendum which needed a 60% plus one voter approval received a 36.41% approval. Campaign strategies for the 1992 referendum included a targeting of possible affirmative voters. This research identified six subgroups of constituents--five subgroups affiliated with the college (college advisory committee members, credit students and alumni, employees, continuing education participants and senior citizens who had taken classes ...


African-American Students At Iowa State University: A Preliminary Test Of A Diversity Model, 1974-1994, Chantel A. Thibodeaux Jan 1994

African-American Students At Iowa State University: A Preliminary Test Of A Diversity Model, 1974-1994, Chantel A. Thibodeaux

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Description Of The Faith Development Of Five Students Attending A Church-Related College , Dennis Alonza Haggray Jan 1993

A Description Of The Faith Development Of Five Students Attending A Church-Related College , Dennis Alonza Haggray

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to provide a detailed description of the perceived faith development of selected students attending a midwestern church-related college. The research question that provided direction for the study was: What do the respondents in this study say about their faith development? James Fowler's (1981) theory of faith development and his Faith Development Interview Guide (FDIG) were used to collect and analyze the data. The methods of inquiry in this study were qualitative. The primary data were generated through interviews with each of five respondents (two males and three females). Secondary data from document analysis ...