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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Effect Of Sex Role Orientation On The Amount Of Time Spent In Household Production By The Husband And The Wife, Hyochung Kim Jan 1992

The Effect Of Sex Role Orientation On The Amount Of Time Spent In Household Production By The Husband And The Wife, Hyochung Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Risks Perceived By Husbands And Wives In Giving Clothing Gifts Within The Family , Lena Horne Jan 1991

Risks Perceived By Husbands And Wives In Giving Clothing Gifts Within The Family , Lena Horne

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research examined risks husbands and wives perceive in giving clothing gifts to family members. The decision-making process for gift giving consists of four stages: prepurchase, purchase, presentation, and postpresentation. The prepurchase stage embraces object; interactions among occasion, recipient, and gift object; giver and recipient; cost of gifts; and information search. The purchase stage includes choice of retail outlets for gifts, distance traveled to locate gifts, and methods of payment. The presentation stage focuses on perceptions of the giver and the recipient when the gift is revealed. The postpresentation stage includes ways in which gifts affect interpersonal relationships and consumption ...


A Cross-Cultural Study Of Housing Adjustment Among Korean, Mexican, And American Households , Sehwa Yang Khil Jan 1991

A Cross-Cultural Study Of Housing Adjustment Among Korean, Mexican, And American Households , Sehwa Yang Khil

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation was to compare the housing adjustment propensities of Korean, Mexican, and American households. The theoretical framework was the Morris and Winter model of housing adjustment. Every household in every culture was assumed to perform a sequence of housing adjustment behaviors to attain desired housing. The purposes had been accomplished through an analysis of three data sets from different sources. Path analysis was employed for testing the empirical model, and the same procedures were performed individually with the three sets of data. There seemed to be some similarities in adjustment patterns between the Mexican and the ...


Marital Satisfaction And Parental Style As Predictors Of Adolescent Adjustment: A Comparison Study Of Boys And Girls , Laura Ruth Frederick Mutchler Jan 1991

Marital Satisfaction And Parental Style As Predictors Of Adolescent Adjustment: A Comparison Study Of Boys And Girls , Laura Ruth Frederick Mutchler

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the effect of marital satisfaction and parenting style on three measures of adolescent adjustment: distress, delinquency, and self-esteem. The sample consisted of 451 intact two-parent households with a seventh grade adolescent. The study hypothesized: (1) Positive couple communication style, couple interaction style, and husband/wife positive affect will facilitate positive husband/wife marital satisfaction; (2) Positive couple communication style, couple interaction style, and husband/wife positive affect will facilitate positive parenting style; (3) High husband/wife marital satisfaction will be directly associated with positive husband/wife parenting style; (4) High husband/wife marital satisfaction will be directly ...


An Organizational Model Of Family Problem Solving Interaction , Martha Ann Rueter Jan 1991

An Organizational Model Of Family Problem Solving Interaction , Martha Ann Rueter

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

An organizational model of family problem solving interaction is described. A report of the analysis that initiated the process of testing the logic and coherence of the model follows the model's introduction;The organizational model is presented as an answer to the call for a method of integrating and managing the increasingly complex and far ranging interests of family scholars and practitioners (Klein and Tholin, 1990; Nye, 1988; Sprey, 1988, 1990). This model can pull a variety of information and perspectives together, organize them into a "map" of family interaction, and give a much needed, fuller picture of family ...


Utilization Of Health-Related Services By Urban And Rural Elderly In A Midwestern State , Charlene Gail Gooch Jan 1991

Utilization Of Health-Related Services By Urban And Rural Elderly In A Midwestern State , Charlene Gail Gooch

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This paper focuses on the utilization of physicians by a sample of elderly respondents in a midwestern rural state. Data from the random sample stratified by age and geographic location are used. The sample includes 277 respondents aged 60 years and over, who are referred to as the young old (60 to 74 years) and the old old (75 years and older). A theoretical framework (Aday & Andersen, 1974; Andersen, 1978; Andersen & Newman, 1973) provides the basis for the current study wherein predisposing, enabling, and need variables are predictive of use of health-related services. Thirteen variables in the current study explain a total ...


Marital Quality In Later Years Of Marriage With Dual-Career Spouses , Thomas J. Henrich Jan 1991

Marital Quality In Later Years Of Marriage With Dual-Career Spouses , Thomas J. Henrich

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research project studied highly successful, long-term marriages where both spouses also actively pursued professional careers. Ethnographic methodologies were used to interview couples meeting specific criteria to uncover specific domains/characteristics indicative of this culture. The objective of this project was not to describe "how to" have a successful marriage as well as a successful career, but instead to find characteristics of this population in a manner that is subject informed. Nine specific domains were identified in the interview/analysis process. They are: Commitment, Faith, Time Alone, Children, Goals/Priorities, Trust/Mutual Respect, Different Personalities, Novelty, and Job Descriptions. Each ...


The Effect Of Daily Hassles, Reported Managerial Behavior, Family Adaptability And Cohesion On Family Health , Mary Elizabeth Garrison Jan 1990

The Effect Of Daily Hassles, Reported Managerial Behavior, Family Adaptability And Cohesion On Family Health , Mary Elizabeth Garrison

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present research examines a comprehensive model of family resource management, using Deacon and Firebaugh's (1988) family resource management theoretical model of the conceptual framework. The components of this model are inputs, transformations, and outputs. The primary hypothesis of the current study is that family well-being as measured by family health symptomology (an output) is influenced by daily hassles (inputs), but is mediated by the transformation of managerial behavior, family adaptability and family cohesion;The data for the study were obtained during the Spring of 1988 through mail surveys as a part of an eight state regional project. This ...


An Examination Of Differences In The Stress Process In Balanced, Midrange, And Extreme Families , Julia A. Malia Jan 1990

An Examination Of Differences In The Stress Process In Balanced, Midrange, And Extreme Families , Julia A. Malia

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research is to explore the interplay between (a) the stress process and (b) family functioning. The research examines differences in the stress process as it plays itself out in balanced, midrange, and extreme families, as measured by FACES II. It is the thesis of this study that the stress process proceeds differently in different kinds of families. The data come from a 9-state North Central Regional Project entitled "Stress in Families in their Middle Years." Two specific studies are included in the dissertation:;Study 1. An examination of differences in the stress process in balanced, midrange ...


A Longitudinal Model Of Determinants Of Housing Status In Oaxaca, A Secondary City Of Mexico , Insoo Lee Jan 1990

A Longitudinal Model Of Determinants Of Housing Status In Oaxaca, A Secondary City Of Mexico , Insoo Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate a longitudinal model of determinants of housing status and relationships among those determining variables and housing status over the family life cycle of urban households in Oaxaca, a secondary city of Mexico. A stratified systematic sample of 633 was drown from civil areas representing typical housing morphology and social lives in 1986-1987. For the analyses, the original questionnaire data were transformed into longitudinal yearly record of each household's life, beginning at the date the household was formed by marriage. In the longitudinal model of housing status, it was observed that there ...


First Families, Stepfamilies And Stress: A Comparative Analysis , Alan Howard Zeppa Jan 1989

First Families, Stepfamilies And Stress: A Comparative Analysis , Alan Howard Zeppa

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Longitudinal survey data from a nine-state family stress project are analyzed in two separate but related analyses. Intact biological families are compared with remarried families on a variety of demographic, stressor, and negative manifestation of stress measures in order to ascertain the extent and the nature of family group differences on these measures;In a first analysis, a multiple analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) design is utilized on time-one data only in order to test the generally accepted propositions that stepfamilies experience more stressors and negative manifestations of stress than do first families. Results do not support either of these propositions ...


Gender And Gender Identity As Predictors Of Perceived Sexual And Emotional Needs Of Child Sexual Abuse Perpetrators , Henry Lynn Pothast Jan 1989

Gender And Gender Identity As Predictors Of Perceived Sexual And Emotional Needs Of Child Sexual Abuse Perpetrators , Henry Lynn Pothast

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated gender and gender identity as predictors of child sexual abusers' perceived sexual and emotional need fulfillment in adult partnerships. The overall sample of 75 male, and 38 female, perpetrators of child sexual abuse was obtained as part of a larger study including perpetrators and nonperpetrators of both genders;For gender, the results showed both perceived sexual need and perceived emotional need to be significantly greater for the women than for the men. This contradicts the predicted relationship between gender and perceived sexual need and supports the hypothesized effect of gender on perceived emotional need;The Masculinity and ...


An Economic Analysis Of The Consumption Behavior Of Farm-Households In Zambia: An Application Of The Firm-Household Model , Timothy Anthony Mudenda Jan 1989

An Economic Analysis Of The Consumption Behavior Of Farm-Households In Zambia: An Application Of The Firm-Household Model , Timothy Anthony Mudenda

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This paper examines the quantitative significance and policy implications of the integration of household production and consumption decisions. A recursive form of the integrated production-consumption model is estimated for a semi-commercial household in Zambia using primary cross-sectional data. The production side of the model is estimated by linear programming techniques and the consumption side is estimated, econometrically, by the linear expenditure system (LES) of estimating demand functions and labor supply. The integrated model is used to analyze the impact of agricultural price intervention on a small farm-household in Zambia.


Becoming Isomorphic: A Model For Family Therapy , Tracy Todd Jan 1989

Becoming Isomorphic: A Model For Family Therapy , Tracy Todd

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Traditionally, psychotherapy research used quantitative measures to compare the effectiveness of differing schools of psychotherapy. Recently, research has begun to focus on qualitative measures based on the assumptions of naturalistic inquiry. However, the research has been conducted post hoc therapy, and the information obtained was used for subsequent clients. The research presented here utilized ethnographic interviewers to gain information from families about their therapy experiences during therapy. This information was then used by the therapist in order to create an isomorphic relationship between the therapist and family. In essence, the therapist searched for information that is useful to create change ...


Residential Mobility And Migration Among Households Headed By Elderly Men , Marianna Jakubczak Jan 1989

Residential Mobility And Migration Among Households Headed By Elderly Men , Marianna Jakubczak

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this study is to assess determinants of local residential mobility and long distance migration among households headed by elderly men, with an emphasis on the variables that express the economic position of the individuals and families: income, net worth and housing characteristics. The overall hypothesis tested is that selected socioeconomic characteristics of individual and his household and characteristics of his housing are determinants of residential mobility and migration;The objectives are accomplished through a longitudinal analysis of the 1971, 1975 and 1979 waves of the Retirement History Study (a 10-year longitudinal study of retirement in the United ...


Development Of Pacifism In Quakers , Judith L. Brutz Jan 1988

Development Of Pacifism In Quakers , Judith L. Brutz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Regardless of whether a person has been raised in a pacifist family there is a common pattern of development experienced by individuals in their pacifist journey beginning with the embracing of pacifism and continuing to the fullest understanding and living of pacifist ideals and values. The personal moment which brackets the time period in which an individual initially questions pacifist ideas and personally accepts pacifism may be relatively short or may take many years. Understanding of pacifism and violence are linked. Initially definitions of both pacifism and violence will be narrowly focused and then will expand to a fuller understanding ...


Child Sexual Abuser Perceptions Of Police And Social Work Investigators , Bernita Irene Jacobson Jan 1988

Child Sexual Abuser Perceptions Of Police And Social Work Investigators , Bernita Irene Jacobson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The perceptions of child sexual abuse perpetrators about their treatment by social work and police investigators were examined as part of a larger study of child sexual abusers. The perpetrators perceptions of the concern, fairness, and competence of both social work and police investigators were explored;The perpetrators were further rated on masculinity and femininity using the BEM Sex Role Inventory Short form. Matched pairs t-tests were used to analyze the data;In the analysis, the only variable that was statistically significant was fairness, with the perpetrators perceiving police, surprisingly, as being more fair than social workers;While difference in ...


Psychosocial Factors Affecting Adaptation Of Patients And Their Families To Chest Pain , Noel Kenneke Lund Jan 1988

Psychosocial Factors Affecting Adaptation Of Patients And Their Families To Chest Pain , Noel Kenneke Lund

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present research considers the relationship between family members' perceptions of the adjustment required following the medical diagnosis of chest pain and their own subsequent levels of psychosocial adjustment and quality of life. Comparisons are made between responses of patient groups with chest pain of cardiac origin and of non-cardiac origin and their spouses. A control group is also included;Further consideration is given to the associations among variables which may affect the basic relationship between groups and their subsequent adaptation. The effects of health beliefs, stress accumulation, and individual and family resources on the basic relationship are examined;Data ...


Time Devoted By Women To Selected Household Tasks, 1975-1981: Implications For Assessing Change In Standards , Deanna Lee Black Sharpe Jan 1988

Time Devoted By Women To Selected Household Tasks, 1975-1981: Implications For Assessing Change In Standards , Deanna Lee Black Sharpe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to ascertain the determinants of change in the amount of time that women devote to meal preparation and cleanup and to house cleaning and to relate the change in this time use to the change in the level of satisfaction reported for the outcome of the activities performed. Date from the Time Use Longitudinal Panel Study, 1975-1981, were used to accomplish this purpose;The amount of time that women allocate to meal-related activities and to house cleaning in 1975 and the change in time allocated to these activities between 1975 and 1981 are influenced ...


Socioeconomic And Process Variables Influencing Households' Satisfaction With Future Plans, Financial Status And Quality Of Life , Olive Mwihaki Mugenda Jan 1988

Socioeconomic And Process Variables Influencing Households' Satisfaction With Future Plans, Financial Status And Quality Of Life , Olive Mwihaki Mugenda

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major objectives of this study were to (1) identify the demographic and economic factors that influence satisfaction with quality of life, (2) study the causal relationships between communication, money management practices, satisfaction with financial status and satisfaction with quality of life, and (3) ascertain whether financial planning, and satisfaction with future plans contribute to one's satisfaction with quality of life;The data used in this study were collected in 1986 as a follow-up study of household's solvency status done in a Midwestern town in 1982. The sample consisted of 123 personal interviews. The unit of analysis was ...


Attitudinal And Demographic Characteristics Of Persons Who Are Supportive Of Sex Education In The Schools, Barbara Ann Henderson Kennedy Jan 1987

Attitudinal And Demographic Characteristics Of Persons Who Are Supportive Of Sex Education In The Schools, Barbara Ann Henderson Kennedy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of Resources And Expenditures Of Iowa State University Undergraduate Students , Ardys Deichmann Ulrichson Jan 1987

An Analysis Of Resources And Expenditures Of Iowa State University Undergraduate Students , Ardys Deichmann Ulrichson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to analyze the resources and expenditures of undergraduate postsecondary students and to assess the impact of financial behavior on academic performance. Microeconomic theory was used to develop the model which predicts the impact of a student's resources and expenditures on academic performance;Data were gathered from 243 single undergraduate students using a telephone survey. Students reported their financial resources and expenditures for the academic year, the number of hours they worked per week and their type of housing;Descriptive statistics were used to compare the resources, expenditures and academic performance of different groups ...


Changing Attitudes Toward Women's Employment , Susan Carney Daniewicz Jan 1987

Changing Attitudes Toward Women's Employment , Susan Carney Daniewicz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The effects of membership and reference groups on attitudes toward women's employment were analyzed using four waves of the mature woman cohort of the National Longitudinal Survey. Attitudes, attitude change and change in employment and desire for employment were all considered. Evidence is presented for the influence of both membership and reference groups on attitudes and attitude change. Women who are employed and prefer to stay that way are more approving of women's employment at all points in time. In addition, employed women's rate of approval appears to be accelerating relative to the remainder of the sample ...


Marital Power In The Middle Years , Delores Brick Dunagan Jan 1987

Marital Power In The Middle Years , Delores Brick Dunagan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation was to study power as defined in the family research literature and to incorporate concepts and theories from the family therapy literature in the analysis in light of a discrepancy between these fields. Power has been identified by family researchers as a multidimensional concept with three domains: (1) power bases, (2) power processes, and (3) power outcomes. The word, "power," has been used less by family therapists, who have used related systemic terms such as differentiation, boundaries, and hierarchies;Data resulted from a 1980 study of 58 "healthy families" modeled after the Timberlawn Healthy Family ...


Planning Behavior, Life Satisfaction, And Locus Of Control Among Elderly Iowans , Maria De Lourdes Rubio Jan 1987

Planning Behavior, Life Satisfaction, And Locus Of Control Among Elderly Iowans , Maria De Lourdes Rubio

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this research is to examine the relationship between self-assessment of control over life, life satisfaction, and planning activity among elderly Iowans. Planning activity is defined as having plans for a time when the current dwelling would not be suitable or when the individual needed care in case of a long-term illness. Three models are developed. They differ in one of the independent variables. Current control over life is used in one, present control deficit, and future control deficit in the other two. The other independent variables are life satisfaction, age, a set household size-marital status dummy variables ...


Relationship Of Activity And Morale Levels To Institutionalization Among Aging Schizophrenics , Connie Higgins Vogel Jan 1987

Relationship Of Activity And Morale Levels To Institutionalization Among Aging Schizophrenics , Connie Higgins Vogel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of the research study was to clarify the role of institutionalization on levels of activity and morale among aging schizophrenics. Social breakdown theory provided the theoretical framework for the study. Four subgroups of elderly male veterans were the subjects. The subjects were healthy elderly, schizophrenics living in a community, and schizophrenics and non-mentally ill frail elderly residing in a nursing home. Data were collected using the Philadelphia Geriatric Center Moral Scale, Activity Inventory, and Nurses' Observation Scale for In-patient Evaluation;Social breakdown theory would predict that years in the institution and the chronic nature of mental illness ...


Economic Changes Of Families In Relation To Reported Income Adequacy, Symptoms Of Stress, And Economizing Behavior, Belletech Deressa Jan 1986

Economic Changes Of Families In Relation To Reported Income Adequacy, Symptoms Of Stress, And Economizing Behavior, Belletech Deressa

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the effect of change in economic condition on families in their middle years in the nine-state North Central Region of the United States during 1979-1982. The relationships between economic changes, reported income adequacy, symptoms of stress, and economizing behavior are studied. The data include 1236 families.;Demographic and socioeconomic control variables were age of wife, employment of husband and wife, family size and family income. Reported change in income, overall financial condition, and income adequacy are the sum of responses obtained from both husband and wife. Family symptomology is measured by the Family Health Status Inventory. Economizing ...


Family Symptomology As A Variable In Family Stress Research , James Richard Hulbert Jan 1985

Family Symptomology As A Variable In Family Stress Research , James Richard Hulbert

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research examines the variation in individual symptoms of family members and generates a categorical variable, family symptom type, from data. Theory concerning individual and family stress is used to set the stage for the empirical thrust of this research. Although many studies of individual stress processes have suggested the possibility of patterns of symptoms in stress response, few researchers in family stress have explored this phenomenon. The usefulness of the variable, family symptomology, to family stress research is explored. Demographic characteristics and stressor experience of families are examined for each symptom type to test whether or not these phenomena ...


Age, Income, Net Worth, Housing Quality And Satisfaction, Ethel Nellie Grant Jones Jan 1985

Age, Income, Net Worth, Housing Quality And Satisfaction, Ethel Nellie Grant Jones

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Objective Measures Of Elderly Women's Economic Well-Being , Jane Menninga Schuchardt Jan 1985

Objective Measures Of Elderly Women's Economic Well-Being , Jane Menninga Schuchardt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The overall purpose of this research was to investigate the economic position of elderly women. Two private mechanisms with potential effect on economic well-being for women--labor force attachment and financial support within the family structure--provided the basis for the research objectives: (1) to substantiate the impact of a women's labor force attachment on her contribution to personal economic well-being in retirement; and (2) to develop a model to predict the characteristics of an elderly woman as recipient of financial transfers from family members;The data were obtained from the 1979 wave of the Social Security Administration's Longitudinal Retirement ...