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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Effect Of Organizational Environments On The Status Attainment Of Students Of Color And Majority Students: A General Linear Model Analysis , Shantha Joseph Ravindra Pieris Jan 2006

Effect Of Organizational Environments On The Status Attainment Of Students Of Color And Majority Students: A General Linear Model Analysis , Shantha Joseph Ravindra Pieris

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to determine if the graduation rates of students of color and majority students at public, research extensive and intensive institutions could be predicted by institutional resource allocation activities in the context of both the internal and external environments of universities. The independent variables for the internal environment were expenditures in regard to instruction, academic support, student services, institutional grants (scholarships, fellowships), research, public service, institutional support, plant operation and maintenance, and institutional selectivity. The independent variables for the external environment were geographical region and degree of urbanization. The independent variables for the internal environment were calculated in ...


Strategic Planning In Community College Information Technology: A Delphi Study Of Model Programs , Todd Prusha Jan 2006

Strategic Planning In Community College Information Technology: A Delphi Study Of Model Programs , Todd Prusha

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Technology infusion at the community college involves decision making for a multitude of audiences and factors. Advances in technology, students with disparate needs, faculty with varying degrees of technological skills, network security threats, infrastructure costs and competition are contributing to a new reality for community college presidents and CIOs. Careful planning is needed on the part of community college leaders to focus technology resources and training opportunities. The plan must address the needs of the entire community college;In this study community colleges with proven interest and leadership in using technology for innovative college curriculum and services were identified and ...


No School Business Official Left Behind: School Business Officials, Superintendents, And Role Theory--Association Of School Business Officials (Asbo) International Professional Standards And Job Proficiency , Jeanette Sue Mcgreevy Jan 2006

No School Business Official Left Behind: School Business Officials, Superintendents, And Role Theory--Association Of School Business Officials (Asbo) International Professional Standards And Job Proficiency , Jeanette Sue Mcgreevy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to gain more understanding about the perceptions of school business officials' "adequacy of performance" in skill areas and "role consensus" regarding three theoretical role groups: executive, manager, and technician. From a new web-based survey, the perceptual data of 169 superintendents and 182 school business officials employed by Iowa public school districts during the 2005-2006 school year were analyzed using Role Theory as the theoretical framework and the 25 Association of School Business Officials (ASBO) International Professional Standards sub-skill set areas as the content framework. The response rate was 55.3% for school business officials ...


Minority Stress And The Well-Being Of Sexual Minority College Students Viewed Through The Lens Of A (Bio)Ecological Model Of Human Development , R. M. Johnson Jan 2005

Minority Stress And The Well-Being Of Sexual Minority College Students Viewed Through The Lens Of A (Bio)Ecological Model Of Human Development , R. M. Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Minority stress comes from "the juxtaposition of minority and dominant values and the resultant conflict with the social environment experienced by minority group members" (Meyer, 1995, p. 39). Because minority stress is additive to general stressors that are experienced by all people, stigmatized people must accomplish an adaptation effort above that required of similar others who are not stigmatized. Using Bronfenbrenner's bioecological systems theory of human development as a guiding framework, this study explored the key environments in sexual minority college students' developmental trajectories that contributed to or buffered minority stress(ors). As the results of this study show ...


An Instructor's Viewpoint: Incorporating Interaction In Web-Based Training, Julie M. Summers Jan 2005

An Instructor's Viewpoint: Incorporating Interaction In Web-Based Training, Julie M. Summers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify the role an instructor's pedagogical philosophy has on the development of online courses. Of specific interest was the inclusion of interaction, as interaction is generally perceived to influence the learning experience. The development and maintenance of an online course is a substantial task. Institutions take different approaches to providing support for the development of online courses. This study also explored how the level of institutional support impacted the instructor's design process.;Educational research has endorsed the benefits of using interaction in face-to-face and web-based settings. Results from this study indicated ...


Do Congressional Academic Earmarks At Public Research Institutions Encourage Research Productivity? , Matthew Lincoln Feldmann Jan 2005

Do Congressional Academic Earmarks At Public Research Institutions Encourage Research Productivity? , Matthew Lincoln Feldmann

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Academic earmarks identified by the U.S. Congress through attachments to funding bills have represented a sizeable and growing revenue stream to institutions of higher education, yet little has been determined about the impacts this funding has on these institutions or the products of these institutions. A study was defined to test the argument that academic earmarks provided support for institutions to build research and development (R&D) infrastructure necessary for competition with peers. The population of interest was all U.S. public research institutions, and the principal research question was whether academic earmarks provided these institutions with increased academic R&D infrastructure as indicated by changes in R&D expenditures between 1993 and 2002. Structural equation path analysis was used to test the relationships among institutional control variables, total academic earmarks received, change in R&D expenditures, and institutional peer rankings over ten years.;The study demonstrated evidence that the practice of congressional academic earmarking at public research institutions did not have an effect on change in R&D expenditures or an effect on peer rankings. Three ...


Enhancing Empathy In Medical Students Using Flex Care Communication Training , Carla A. Stebbins Jan 2005

Enhancing Empathy In Medical Students Using Flex Care Communication Training , Carla A. Stebbins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to test the ability of an interpersonal communication program to enhance empathy within a sample of second-year osteopathic medical students. Researchers within the fields of medicine and medical education agree that empathy has a significant effect on clinical outcomes, and in improving interpersonal relationships of physicians and their patients. However, numerous studies suggest the empathy levels of medical students decline as they proceed through their training.;This study's true experimental, posttest-only control-group pilot study allowed for the comparison of posttest measures between sample groups. The experimental group treatment included exposure to a new ...


The Empowerment Of Latina University Students: A Phenomenological Study Of Ethnic Identity Development Through Involvement In A Latina-Based Sorority, Jennifer Gray Nuñez Jan 2004

The Empowerment Of Latina University Students: A Phenomenological Study Of Ethnic Identity Development Through Involvement In A Latina-Based Sorority, Jennifer Gray Nuñez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate through phenomenological methodology how a Latina-based sorority influences the ethnic identity development of those associated with it on a predominantly white campus in the Midwest. Using ethnographic methods, the twelve-week study involved weekly observations during the organization's scheduled meetings and other extracurricular activities. The fifteen participants were asked through a written survey, focus group sessions, and in-depth interviews to reflect on their experiences and environments before beginning college and at the present time. A phenomenological approach was used to interpret the stories shared by participants to understand how the Latina women ...


The Dance Of Sustaining Technology Innovations In Teacher Education: Case Of An Award-Winning Program , Natalie Ann-Marie Johnson Jan 2004

The Dance Of Sustaining Technology Innovations In Teacher Education: Case Of An Award-Winning Program , Natalie Ann-Marie Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This case study investigated the strategies, challenges, and leadership requirements for sustaining technology innovations in Iowa State University's (ISU's) teacher education program (TEP). In 1999, ISU's TEP was granted 1.4 million dollars to renew pedagogy and practice in teacher education with technology. A qualitative case study approach was used to describe and analyze the process of sustaining technology innovations in teacher education. Activity Theory Framework (ATF) and Rogers Diffusion of Innovation Theory (R'DIT) were complementary theoretical lenses used to analyze this case study. Thirteen participants from five constituencies supporting teacher education were interviewed. Interview data ...


Investing In Student Persistence: A Regression Analysis Of Institutional Expenditure Patterns And Retention And Graduation Rates At Private Baccalaureate Colleges And Universities , Ann Marie Gansemer-Topf Jan 2004

Investing In Student Persistence: A Regression Analysis Of Institutional Expenditure Patterns And Retention And Graduation Rates At Private Baccalaureate Colleges And Universities , Ann Marie Gansemer-Topf

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Pressured by internal and external institutional stakeholders, institutions of higher education increasingly are challenged to demonstrate efficiency and productivity. One approach to illustrate productivity and efficiency is to examine how resources are allocated within the institution and the extent to which allocated resources meet institutional goals such as high first-year retention and 6-year graduation rates. Focusing on private Baccalaureate Liberal and General colleges and universities, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between institutional expenditures related to instruction, academic support, student services, institutional support, and institutional grants (i.e. student financial aid) and retention and graduation rates ...


Student Self-Esteem And The Looking-Glass Self: Perceptions Of Emotional Support, Role Models, And Academic Success On A Community College Campus , Robert Lee Mcnair Jan 2004

Student Self-Esteem And The Looking-Glass Self: Perceptions Of Emotional Support, Role Models, And Academic Success On A Community College Campus , Robert Lee Mcnair

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A survey of 261 students at Des Moines Area Community College-Boone Campus was conducted to examine self-esteem in relation to perceptions of role models, emotional support, academic adjustment, and academic success. Symbolic interactionism and the looking-glass self formed the conceptual basis of the research. Factor and Cronbach's alpha analyses tended to confirm internal validity and reliability of the constructs, respectively.;Hypothesis testing revealed some significant (p ≤ .05) relationships. Pearson's product moment correlation linked student self-esteem and social perceptions. Self-esteem was higher when the students: had a support person, saw the support person or role model as similar to ...


Identification Of Emerging Information Technology Issues Of The 21st Century Affecting Public School Board Policies , Gordon Keith Dahlby Jan 2004

Identification Of Emerging Information Technology Issues Of The 21st Century Affecting Public School Board Policies , Gordon Keith Dahlby

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify emerging technology issues which American K--12 public school boards of education should consider. This study invoked a process for identifying current and emerging technology issues that were germane to board policy development. A Delphi technique was chosen as the method to engage a 14-member judgment panel from across the country in a Web-based review of issues associated with a continued rise in access and use of communication and information technologies as well as new and emerging technologies. Panel members rated the importance of identified issues with respect to whether there was merit ...


Wage Disparity: A Comparison Of Residual Differences In Predicted And Actual Faculty Wages By Gender At Iowa State University , Harold Eddie Lee Jan 2003

Wage Disparity: A Comparison Of Residual Differences In Predicted And Actual Faculty Wages By Gender At Iowa State University , Harold Eddie Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research project outlines the rigorous and detailed methods used in conducting a gender-related salary equity study. Specifically, this study looks into the question of whether salaries received by female faculty members are significantly different from the salaries received by Caucasian-male faculty members. In this study, data for five academic years are analyzed to judge whether salary levels for female and Caucasian-male faculty members within selected disciplines, departments, and/or colleges at a major land-grant academic institution are impartial across gender after controlling and/or accounting for variations in individual faculty characteristics.;After assembling the data, the author uses a ...


American Indians And Chemical Dependency , Cecil Raymond White Hat Jan 2003

American Indians And Chemical Dependency , Cecil Raymond White Hat

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As we go into the new millennium, there is renewed hope among American Indians for a better life. However, in viewing the statistics regarding American Indians and chemical dependency, we realize the situation is not improving. In fact, American Indians enter chemical dependency treatment at a disproportionately higher rate than the general population. This study utilizes qualitative research as well as culturally appropriate research methodology to examine how chemical dependency came to the Oyate (people). It will examine the relationship between the unacceptable high rates of alcoholism in Indian Country and federal Indian policy. It will look at the human ...


Truths About Sojourner: African American Women And The Professorship: Their Struggles And Their Successes On Negotiating Promotion And Tenure At A Predominantly White Institution , Lynette Letricia Danley Jan 2003

Truths About Sojourner: African American Women And The Professorship: Their Struggles And Their Successes On Negotiating Promotion And Tenure At A Predominantly White Institution , Lynette Letricia Danley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this investigation was to explore the internal and external factors that contributed to the successful negotiation of promotion and tenure for six African American female faculty members at a selected predominantly White Doctoral Extensive Institution. The data were gathered over the course of one year and were initiated after a pilot study was conducted on how first-generation African American graduate students navigated through graduate school. Factors including individual persistence and aspiration as well as the need for institutional support continued to emerge particularly for the respondents who decided to pursue the life of academics. The protocol ...


Intercollegiate Athletics' Senior Woman Administrator: A Qualitative Assessment Of Her Quest For Effectiveness And Empowerment , Stephanie Lynn Dohrn Jan 2003

Intercollegiate Athletics' Senior Woman Administrator: A Qualitative Assessment Of Her Quest For Effectiveness And Empowerment , Stephanie Lynn Dohrn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study is to determine what experiences and initiatives senior woman administrators need in order to have effective voice and power within their respective athletic departments. The results of this study led to the following conclusions.;The SWA definition is broad and unclear; it should be revamped to include a standard level of authority, access, and flexibility to perform her role effectively and to contribute to the organizational, foundational, and philosophical standards of the department. SWAs are prone to limited access and the pigeonholing which limits their ability as an advocate and as a valued member of ...


Community College Finance: Current Funds Revenue Sources In 11 Midwest States In The Decade Of The 1990s , Carol Noel Piper Kenton Jan 2003

Community College Finance: Current Funds Revenue Sources In 11 Midwest States In The Decade Of The 1990s , Carol Noel Piper Kenton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Twelve current funds revenue sources utilized by 212 community colleges in 11 Midwest states during the decade of the 1990s were analyzed, using data from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), available on the Internet. Comparisons were made by state as well as time, using the two-way analysis of variance. Of particular interest were trends in the proportions of student tuition and fees, and state and/or local appropriations from 1990 to 1995 to 2000. Also examined was the states' use of alternative funding sources to compensate for a possible reduction in government appropriations. Different funding models within the ...


A Comparison Of The Enrollment, Persistence And Transfer Rates Of White And Minority Students At Des Moines Area Community College , Kim Jeanine Linduska Jan 2003

A Comparison Of The Enrollment, Persistence And Transfer Rates Of White And Minority Students At Des Moines Area Community College , Kim Jeanine Linduska

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The role of the community college has been to unlock the doors of education opportunity for all individuals, and provide the entry point to higher education. Community colleges are the primary gateway to education for many of our minority and first generation students. Reflecting national trends, enrollment of minority students in Iowa's community colleges is increasing. The available transfer data demonstrate the low participation and transfer rates of minority students in community colleges and in higher education, in general, in Iowa. A detailed analysis of the number of minority students enrolling, and persisting in community colleges and transferring to ...


The Development Of An Evaluation Process: Iowa Industrial New Jobs Training Programs (260e) , Karen Fay Poole Jan 2002

The Development Of An Evaluation Process: Iowa Industrial New Jobs Training Programs (260e) , Karen Fay Poole

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In 2002, the State of Iowa is developing guidelines for implementation of the Accountability Government Action, House File 687. This legislation will require all state departments to develop planning and accountability strategies that will fit within the overall direction of state government. The pilot research was conducted utilizing one community college and a single participating company, through case study methodology, and developed an evaluation process and instruments to measure the effectiveness of economic development initiatives, specifically Iowa Industrial New Jobs Training Programs (260E). Three additional community colleges and participating 260E businesses volunteered to pilot the evaluation instruments and compiled results ...


Adding The Role Of Student Nurse: Perspectives From Women With Multiple Roles , Carol J. Maxwell Jan 2002

Adding The Role Of Student Nurse: Perspectives From Women With Multiple Roles , Carol J. Maxwell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Nursing students enter the community college setting with multiple and different roles, and continue to fulfill the responsibilities associated with those roles. This descriptive study attempted to assess the nursing students' understanding of their roles, and the barriers and resources they encountered as they fulfilled their roles or delegated the responsibilities associated with those roles to family and friends. Interviews were conducted with six community college nursing students filling the roles of parent, partner, worker, and student. Roles are discussed as well as role conflict and barriers to role fulfillment, and responsibility delegation is explored. In addition, the importance of ...


Organizational Spiritual Normativity As An Influence On Organizational Culture And Performance In Fortune 500 Firms , Scott A. Quatro Jan 2002

Organizational Spiritual Normativity As An Influence On Organizational Culture And Performance In Fortune 500 Firms , Scott A. Quatro

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The topic of spirituality in the workplace has exploded onto the contemporary business scene over the last 12 years. It is perhaps at once the most compelling and least understood force driving organizational theory and practice today. Previous studies have done little to codify what exactly spirituality in the workplace is, particularly as applied to aggregate organizational contexts. This is ostensibly due to the impossibility of defining a universally embraceable construct of organizational spirituality. Similarly, previous studies have made no attempt to investigate empirically the relationship between organizational spirituality and organizational performance. Theses two gaps in the current theory served ...


Relationship Between Cardiovascular Disease Morbidity, Risk Factors, And Stress In A Law Enforcement Cohort , Sandra L. Ramey Jan 2002

Relationship Between Cardiovascular Disease Morbidity, Risk Factors, And Stress In A Law Enforcement Cohort , Sandra L. Ramey

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

It remains uncertain whether law enforcement officers (LEOs) have an increased incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and, if so, the extent to which stress affects this relationship. To redress this observation, the self-reported incidence of CVD and CVD risk factors among 2,818 currently employed male LEOs was compared to 9,650 male respondents. Perceived stress among the LEOs also was determined. The percentage for CVD incidence was lower in the LEO group than among the general population [2.3 (SD = .15) vs. 5.6 (SD = .23); p = .001]. The best predictor variables for CVD in the combined group were ...


Examining The Academic Experiences Of Minorities Preparing For The Professoriate , Willie J. Heggins Iii Jan 2001

Examining The Academic Experiences Of Minorities Preparing For The Professoriate , Willie J. Heggins Iii

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The critical need to understand the socialization experiences of prospective minority faculty is apparent today. If higher education can understand more about the experiences of new minority faculty members, perhaps the academy will be able to develop continued supportive strategies that enhance their development into the academic profession. The purpose of this study was to examine the academic experiences of the minority participants in the Preparing Future Faculty program (PFF). As a consequence of participating in the PFF program, the minority participants regarded that they felt ready for a faculty position, regarded that mentoring was effective, indicated that awareness of ...


Storied Learning From The Personal And Professional Lives Of Leaders: Narrative Analyses Of Rhythm Over Balance, And Adult Development And Transition , Pamela Jones Edwards Jan 2001

Storied Learning From The Personal And Professional Lives Of Leaders: Narrative Analyses Of Rhythm Over Balance, And Adult Development And Transition , Pamela Jones Edwards

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research study is about using the power of stories, specifically life history and narrative research approaches, to understand how three high level organizational leaders, or elites, experience their own development over time. Readers who will likely find this research study of value will be those studying life history and narrative approaches to understanding the meaning of lives, adult education and adult development scholars and practitioners interested in narrative as a method of adult development, and readers interested in understanding leaders' lives.;A life history of each of the three elites was collected. The life story section of this research ...


The Relationship Between Parental Educational Level And Academic Success Of College Freshmen , Yasan Gooding Jan 2001

The Relationship Between Parental Educational Level And Academic Success Of College Freshmen , Yasan Gooding

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study determined the difference in the level of academic potential/achievement across five populations of freshmen during an academic school year at Iowa State University. It examined students whose parents' highest education was: (1) high school diploma, (2) one or two years of college, (3) two-year associate or technical degree, (4) four-year degree, and (5) graduate or professional degree. Other factors that might impinge on student academic achievement are: poverty, socioeconomic status, and family structure/or marital status. The study investigated whether students whose parents attained higher levels of education beyond the high school diploma were more successful academically ...


Nontraditional Students' Learning And Developmental Experiences At Two-Year Institutions: An Assessment Of Hispanic/Latino(A) Students' Experiences At Selected Community Colleges In Iowa , Jaime Hernandez Mijangos Jan 2001

Nontraditional Students' Learning And Developmental Experiences At Two-Year Institutions: An Assessment Of Hispanic/Latino(A) Students' Experiences At Selected Community Colleges In Iowa , Jaime Hernandez Mijangos

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Despite the latest substantial increase in Hispanic/Latino(a) students enrollment in Higher Education institutions, more than 20% since 1993 at two-year and four-year colleges and universities and an increased enrollment of 4.7% in community colleges during a one-year period (1996--1997), issues of retention, transfer, and graduation are still the main focus of educational researchers, practitioners, and policy makers. Iowa community colleges have followed similar enrollment trends in the last decade or so when considering the growth of nontraditional students (Hispanic/Latino(a)s among them) entering such two-year institutions. As any other ethnic minority student group, Hispanic/Latino ...


A Qualitative Analysis Of The Culture Of Parents And Community Members Of A Comprehensive High School: An Examination Of Loyal Support , Laura Studer Brock Jan 2000

A Qualitative Analysis Of The Culture Of Parents And Community Members Of A Comprehensive High School: An Examination Of Loyal Support , Laura Studer Brock

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to discover and determine the elements of the parent/community culture of a comprehensive high school. More specifically, the study investigated the main elements of the parent/community culture, identified the factors contributing to that culture and their relative strengths, determined the education-related beliefs, values, and attitudes, determined how the loyal support culture was developed and maintained, and described the parent/community culture itself. The research was conducted at a comprehensive high school located in a mid-sized city in the Midwest;Interviewing was the primary method of data collection. Small group interviews were conducted ...


The Journey Continues: Life Transitions And Adult Learning Among The Older Women In A Continuing Care Retirement Community , Ya-Fen Lo Jan 2000

The Journey Continues: Life Transitions And Adult Learning Among The Older Women In A Continuing Care Retirement Community , Ya-Fen Lo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate whether adult learning was involved in the adaptation process among elderly women who recently moved to a continuing care retirement community (CCRC);Past studies on retirement living focused on the social aspects of residential life after housing changes had been made. Little was known about the effect of residents' past life experiences on the process of adapting to a new living environment. The aspects of adult learning and development were also left unexplored in previous research regarding older adults' experiences of residential change. To investigate the life-long process of change and ...


Parent Feedback To Teachers And Its Association To Student Feedback: Does Johnny Tell Mommy? , Alicia Ruth Cantarella Jan 2000

Parent Feedback To Teachers And Its Association To Student Feedback: Does Johnny Tell Mommy? , Alicia Ruth Cantarella

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to provide a discriminating, reliable, and valid method for parents to give teachers feedback. Further, this study examined how student feedback to teachers is similar and dissimilar to parent feedback. The survey was developed with assistance from a judgment panel and stakeholders committee;The opportunity sample consisted of two school systems; one in the Southwestern United States and the other located in the Northeast. Customized scan forms were created for Country Green; Knottown maintained local control electing to use general purpose bubble sheets;The K--12 parent survey was subdivided into realms (communication, classroom ...


Hostage To Outcome Based Education: A Case Study Of A Superintendent's Stress And Suicide , Leonard Victor Larsen Jan 2000

Hostage To Outcome Based Education: A Case Study Of A Superintendent's Stress And Suicide , Leonard Victor Larsen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this investigation was to increase the understanding of the dynamics of administrative negative stress on a school superintendent. This case study focused on Philip Derts (pseudonyms are employed), a superintendent supporting Outcome Based Education in the Black Rock School District during the early 1990s, and the challenges he encountered through community opposition to OBE. Derts suffered due to his internal conflict between his religious beliefs and educational beliefs and committed suicide;A qualitative narrative emerged from the data gathered from extensive court records, documents, and interviews. A timeline served as a chronological summary of the events described ...