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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Online Counseling: Dynamics Of Process And Assessment , Michael John Mallen Jan 2005

Online Counseling: Dynamics Of Process And Assessment , Michael John Mallen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The rise in popularity and use of computer-mediated modes of communication such as email and synchronous chat have resulted in the potential for new delivery methods of mental health services. The present study investigated the dynamics of an initial counseling session held in a synchronous chat environment between therapists-in-training at various graduate programs across the country and a trained confederate posing as a client. Transcripts from the online sessions were analyzed to investigate therapist responses and interventions in the online environment. Therapists-in-training were also asked to respond to questions concerning their satisfaction with the experience, the relationship they were able ...


Personality And Mental Health As Predictors Of Rater Bias In Observational Data , Mark Richard Becker Jan 2005

Personality And Mental Health As Predictors Of Rater Bias In Observational Data , Mark Richard Becker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Observational coding has become a common form of data collection in the social sciences. This popularity has largely been fueled by the advantage of objectivity these systems are said to provide over more traditional self- and other-report data collection techniques. However, it has been demonstrated that observational coding systems can suffer from a type of systematic error known as rater bias, which is variance in the data that is not attributable to the observational target (i.e., true variance), but rather is attributable to the rater (i.e., error variance). This study sought to better understand the causes of rater ...


An Exploration Of The Current Involvement Of School Psychologists In Prevention Programming , Melissa Bernadine Cermak Jan 2005

An Exploration Of The Current Involvement Of School Psychologists In Prevention Programming , Melissa Bernadine Cermak

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

School psychologists have been seeking to identify the ways in which they can have the greatest impact on the schools, students, and families they serve, while expressing a desire to decrease their involvement in the role of "gate keepers" for special education. With recent reforms in education and health care and a growing awareness of the mental health needs of children and adolescents, school psychologists have been called to expand their roles, taking greater leadership in comprehensive systems of care. Prevention, particularly primary prevention, has been identified as a key area for role expansion, along with being a cost-effective means ...


The Development Of The Revised Version Of The Educational Outcome Expectancy Scale , Brian Patrick Tilley Jan 2005

The Development Of The Revised Version Of The Educational Outcome Expectancy Scale , Brian Patrick Tilley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Lent, Brown, & Hackett's (1994) social cognitive career theory (SCCT) proposes that the three processing mechanisms that underlie the development of educational interests, persistence, and achievement are self efficacy (SE), outcome expectancies (OEs), and goal representations. The researcher had two goals for this paper: to revise a measure of educational outcome expectancies, the Educational Outcome Expectancy Scale-Revised (EOE-R; Springer, Larson, Tilley, & Gasser, 2001) and obtain initial validity and reliability estimates for the measure. The researcher conducted an exploratory factor analysis and provided reliability estimates. He also obtained estimates of convergent validity for the measure using a measure of college SE, the College Self-Efficacy Instrument (CSEI; Solberg, O'Brien, Villareal, & Kennel, 1993) and a measure of personality, the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (MPQ; Tellegen, 1982; Tellegen & Waller, in press). In addition, he obtained an estimate of criterion validity using a measure of satisfaction for college students, the Your First College Year measure (YFCY; Astin, 1993). The results supported a 23-item single-factor model with internal consistency of alpha = .93. The results also supported convergent and criterion validity estimates of the EOE-R with expected significant correlations with the CSEI, with some primary scales of the MPQ, and with the YFCY. The results supported the positive correlation between educational OE and college SE as theorized in SCCT and found in the literature. The results added to the relative lack of literature by supporting a relation between educational OE and some facets of personality. Finally ...


Concurrent Validity Of The 2004 Strong Interest Inventory: An Examination Of Gender And College Major , Courtney Elaine Gasser Jan 2005

Concurrent Validity Of The 2004 Strong Interest Inventory: An Examination Of Gender And College Major , Courtney Elaine Gasser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

To keep abreast of the advent of new occupations and majors, the 1994 Strong Interest Inventory (SII) was revised in 2004. This study examined the concurrent validity of the 2004 Strong Interest Inventory, primarily investigating the scales abilities to differentiate between different college majors for women. Discriminant analyses were used to examine the ability of the 41 scales of the SII to separate 31 college majors. Of the 41 scales, 39 scales were statistically significant in separating college majors for women. In addition, the utility of specific sets of scales and the cumulative ability of sets of SII scales to ...


Adolescents And Consent To Counseling: The Adolescents' Perspectives , Summer Kaye Brunscheen Jan 2004

Adolescents And Consent To Counseling: The Adolescents' Perspectives , Summer Kaye Brunscheen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Informed consent for counseling is a complex process for both clients and clinicians, even when individuals are over eighteen years of age. When working with adolescent minors, the process requires additional consideration. Informed consent, a legal term and ethical construct, is composed of tenets that require deliberate thought and action on the part of a therapist to ensure the client's understanding of the nature and expectations for counseling and voluntary participation. There are numerous legal and research controversies pertinent to competency of adolescents to accord informed consent for counseling and what procedures should be used to solicit adolescent consent ...


Breaching Confidentiality With Hiv-Positive Clients: The Effects Of Client Gender, Client Dangerousness, Clinician Hiv-Related Knowledge And Stigmatization , Brenda Charece Crawford Jan 2004

Breaching Confidentiality With Hiv-Positive Clients: The Effects Of Client Gender, Client Dangerousness, Clinician Hiv-Related Knowledge And Stigmatization , Brenda Charece Crawford

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study focused on the utilization of Tarasoff principles with HIV-positive clients when the threat of infection to a third party exists. There are often no clear ethical guidelines to follow when faced with this dilemma, and many clinicians are unaware of what state laws would permit or require them to do. Many variables are important to consider in this complicated area of clinical work, such as the client's level of dangerousness, the client's gender, the clinician's knowledge about HIV transmission risks and endorsement of stigmatizing beliefs. Even with their education and experience, psychologists are not impervious ...


Validation Of The Virtue Ethics Importance Scale , Jennifer Chandra Swaim Jan 2004

Validation Of The Virtue Ethics Importance Scale , Jennifer Chandra Swaim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents a number of empirical investigations and analyses conducted on an original measure, the Virtue Ethics Importance Scale (VEIS) of four of the virtue ethics, benevolence, integrity, prudence and respect. Psychometric data indicating the strength of the instrument is presented, including internal consistency reliability, test-retest reliability, and evidence of convergent and divergent validity consistent with theoretical expectations. The impact of social desirability on VEIS responses is discussed. Analysis of measures of participant responding are evaluated, and the case is made for the reduction of the measure to a shorter form is presented. Analyses are presented for the reliability ...


Assessing Career Optimism And Adaptability: Toward The Construct Validation Of The Career Futures Inventory , Patrick Joseph Rottinghaus Jan 2004

Assessing Career Optimism And Adaptability: Toward The Construct Validation Of The Career Futures Inventory , Patrick Joseph Rottinghaus

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to provide initial results on the development and validation of the Career Futures Inventory (CFI), a 25-item measure that assesses positive career planning attitudes. This theory-driven scale development project attempts to assess domain-specific career optimism and perceived adaptability including planfulness, decisional skill, and self-awareness. Savickas' (1997) extension of Super and Knasel's (1981) career adaptability construct and Scheier and Carver's (1985) dispositional optimism construct provided theoretical context for scale development. The CFI emphasizes the empirical measurement of dispositional generalized expectancies within the career domain and adaptability related to an individual's unique career ...


Meta-Analyses Of Interest-Personality Convergence Using The Strong Interest Inventory And The Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire , Gena D. Staggs Jan 2004

Meta-Analyses Of Interest-Personality Convergence Using The Strong Interest Inventory And The Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire , Gena D. Staggs

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This investigation used a series of meta-analyses to explore convergence between vocational interests and personality as measured by the Strong Interest Inventory (SII; Hansen & Campbell, 1985; Harmon, Hansen, Borgen, & Hammer, 1994) and the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (MPQ: Tellegen, 1982; Tellgen & Waller, in press). Findings of the present meta-analyses are compared with findings of two previous meta-analytic studies (i.e., Barrick, Mount, & Gupta, 2003; Larson, Rottinghaus, & Borgen, 2002) that examined interest-personality (I-P) convergence using measures of Holland's occupational types and the Big Five personality factors. By synthesizing studies that administered the MPQ as an alternative to measures of the Big Five, and by including correlations between specific scales of both the SII (i.e., the 25 Basic Interest Scales) and of the MPQ (i.e., the 11 primary factors), a number of substantial I-P correlations were discovered that had not been previously identified by studies that assessed common variance using RIASEC themes and measures of the Big Five. Results are also discussed in context of relevant heritability studies and debated theories regarding the nature of I-P convergence and the development of personality and interests in individuals. Also noteworthy is the demographic diversity (i.e., gifted adolescents, college students, adult career clients) represented by the individual samples included in this study.;The most substantial I-P correlations ranged from .30 to .49---reflecting between 9% and 24% shared variance. The most meaningful of these correlations for theory and application appear to be those between Enterprising interests and Social Potency (SP), Artistic interests and Absorption (ABS), the Realistic GOT and Harm Avoidance (HA), and the Social GOT and Positive Affectivity (PA). The substantial inverse correlation between the Realistic GOT and HA is particularly noteworthy ...


Eating Disorder Prevention: A Comparison Of Intervention Paradigms , Melinda Ann Green Jan 2003

Eating Disorder Prevention: A Comparison Of Intervention Paradigms , Melinda Ann Green

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The eating disorder prevention literature is replete with discrepant outcome findings regarding the efficacy of various prevention approaches. In addition, no single study has provided a direct empirical comparison evaluating the efficacy of two prevention approaches and a no-treatment control. The present experiment was to provide a direct empirical comparison of the efficacy of a dissonance-based approach, a psychoeducational/sociocultural approach, and a no-treatment control condition in the prevention of eating disorder attitudes and behaviors.;Two 3 (group: dissonance, psychoeducational/sociocultural, and control) x 2 (symptomatic status: symptomatic, asymptomatic) preliminary MANOVAS were conducted on the 6 postintervention and 5 follow-up ...


"Thinking For Success": A Cognitive Restructuring Intervention For Female Adolescent Athletes , Kelly K. Schilder Jan 2002

"Thinking For Success": A Cognitive Restructuring Intervention For Female Adolescent Athletes , Kelly K. Schilder

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Adolescent girls have been shown to be at increased risk for experiencing depression (Atwater, 1996), emotional distress (Covey & Feltz, 1991), lower self-esteem (Bush & Simmons, 1987), and dissatisfied body image (Covey & Feltz, 1991). Female athletes are more likely to attribute successful outcomes to factors independent of themselves (e.g., luck rather than skill) (Hendy & Boyer, 1993). Such cognitive distortions provide an unrealistic framework from which girls evaluate themselves and situations in which they are involved. "Thinking for Success" is an intervention designed to provide adolescent girls with active strategies to overcome self-defeating cognitions. The intervention was conducted with a sample of ...


The Impact Of Two Acquaintance Rape Prevention Programs On Cognitive Elaboration In Low And High Hypermasculine Men , Louis Owen Douglass Jan 2002

The Impact Of Two Acquaintance Rape Prevention Programs On Cognitive Elaboration In Low And High Hypermasculine Men , Louis Owen Douglass

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Past research on the effectiveness of acquaintance rape prevention programs focused on changes in reported attitudes under the assumption that changed attitudes lead to changed behavior. However, this research was limited by the use of measures susceptible to social desirability effects and the lack of a theoretical foundation for attitude change.;The current study used the Elaboration Likelihood Model (J. T. Petty & R. E. Cacioppo, 1986) as a theoretical foundation to guide the implementation of an innovative rape prevention program and the evaluation of attitude change. This experimental program used an interactive and non-confrontational format to propose a behavioral system that encouraged men to seek unambiguous sexual consent. This program was evaluated in comparison to a traditional rape prevention program that focused on rape statistics, rape myths, and consequences to victims using a didactic and more confrontational format. In addition, the current study investigated the relationship of hypermasculinity with a range of rape-supportive attitudes and intentions, as well as the differential effectiveness of the programs with low and high hypermasculine men.;Participants were 128 fraternity men who were randomly assigned to the two conditions. Results indicated that hypermasculinity was positively correlated with rape myth acceptance and the intention to engage in sexually coercive behavior. Hypermasculinity was negatively correlated with ...


Exploring Associations Between Emotional Intelligence And Relationship Quality Utilizing The Mayer, Salovey, And Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (Msceit) , Vesna A. Hampel Jan 2002

Exploring Associations Between Emotional Intelligence And Relationship Quality Utilizing The Mayer, Salovey, And Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (Msceit) , Vesna A. Hampel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research interest in the domain of emotional intelligence has recently expanded. An ability-based measure, the consensus scored MSCEIT, v. 2 (2000), has been developed and was used in the present study. It was expected that persons higher in emotional intelligence would have higher quality relationships with others. Seventy-six couples, who were involved in dating relationships of at least three months duration, were the study participants. The project examined the relationships between emotional intelligence and self-reported level of closeness, trust, adjustment and intimacy of participants. Correlation and regression analyses examined relationships between individual participant scores on emotional intelligence and the quality ...


Development Of A Scale To Code The Elicitation Of Social Support , Sandra L. Jensen Jan 2001

Development Of A Scale To Code The Elicitation Of Social Support , Sandra L. Jensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Social Support Elicitation Behavior Code (SSEBC) was developed to code elicitation behaviors exhibited during videotaped interactions among married couples. The code consists of twenty individual behaviors. The behaviors were divided into the general categories of direct and indirect strategies, based on research by Barbee (1990). In addition, an exploratory factor analysis suggested that the elicitation behaviors could be divided into eight meaningful categories. The relationship between social support elicitation behaviors and social support provision was tested through correlations of direct and indirect strategies, the eight factors, and the individual elicitation strategies with several measures of social support. These measures ...


The Multiple Role Coping Inventory (Mrci): Development And Factor Structure Investigation Using A Sample Of Employed Mothers , Carolyn Anne Karr Jan 2001

The Multiple Role Coping Inventory (Mrci): Development And Factor Structure Investigation Using A Sample Of Employed Mothers , Carolyn Anne Karr

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Drawing on prior research that has encompassed three conceptual phases, the current study aims to further expand the multiple role coping literature. Initial work centered around women's expanding roles and gender comparison research, while more recent research has focused on attitudes about and sociopolitical influences on home and career role conflict and coping strategies. Prior multiple role conflict coping instruments have lacked adequate psychometric properties, or have focused on attitudinal orientations toward multiple roles. A sample of employed mothers was collected (N = 266) to further validate the Multiple Role Coping Inventory (MRCI). The authors initially investigated the factor structure ...


Structure And Validity Of Vocational Interest Scales With Us Racial And Ethnic Groups: Exploring The Interests Beyond Riasec , Ronke Renee Lattimore Tapp Jan 2001

Structure And Validity Of Vocational Interest Scales With Us Racial And Ethnic Groups: Exploring The Interests Beyond Riasec , Ronke Renee Lattimore Tapp

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The large national sample of racial-ethnically diverse participants in this study was derived from the vast information obtained during the revision of the 1994 Strong Interest Inventory (SII: L. W. Harmon, J. C. Hansen, F. H. Borgen & A. L. Hammer, 1994). The balanced sample utilized in the study contained 3,087 individuals from four of the major U.S. racial-ethnic groups: 805 African Americans, 795 Asian Americans, 800 Caucasian Americans, and 687 Hispanic Americans. Item-based factor scales derived using each racial and ethnic group separately and with the balanced sample produced factor scale interest structures that were highly similar. In ...


The Contributions Of Advising Experiences With Faculty And Classroom Social Environment To Undergraduate Students' Persistence In Physical Science, Mathematical, And Engineering Majors , Jennifer Ann Dooley Jan 2001

The Contributions Of Advising Experiences With Faculty And Classroom Social Environment To Undergraduate Students' Persistence In Physical Science, Mathematical, And Engineering Majors , Jennifer Ann Dooley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study explored the extent to which advising experiences with faculty, classroom social environment, relational-interdependent self-construal, and math and science self-efficacy, both individually and in combination, contribute to the prediction of persistence in the physical sciences, mathematics, and engineering (PSME). Based on the self-in-relation model of identity development and social-cognitive theories, it was hypothesized that: (1) women would prefer a more developmental style of advising than men; (2) a developmental style of advising, advising contact with faculty, and professorial concern would each contribute to the prediction of persistence in PSME majors; and (3) the relationships between: (a) advising experiences and ...


Personality, Other Dispositional Variables, And Human Adaptability , Lori Dawn Lindley Jan 2001

Personality, Other Dispositional Variables, And Human Adaptability , Lori Dawn Lindley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The relationships among several variables that have been demonstrated to relate to one another and to positive human functioning were examined. The variables included in the study are Extraversion, Neuroticism, positive and negative affect, self-efficacy, self-esteem, optimism, locus of control, and emotional intelligence. The primary goals of the study were to determine whether an underlying element of adaptability could explain the previously reported overlap among these constructs, to examine the predictive ability of these constructs with regard to academic success, and to engage in exploratory investigation of the construct of emotional intelligence. Participants were 316 undergraduate students (211 female, 105 ...


Dimensions Of Life Events And Difficulties As Predictors Of The Onset Of Major Depression , Michelle Jacqueline Freedman Jan 2000

Dimensions Of Life Events And Difficulties As Predictors Of The Onset Of Major Depression , Michelle Jacqueline Freedman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this dissertation was to examine whether life events and difficulties increase the risk of onset of major depression. Life events and difficulties were measured using the Structured Life Events Inventory (SLI), a more structured version of the open-ended, semi-structured Life Events and Difficulties Schedule (LEDs). In addition, several characteristics of life events and difficulties were tested in an attempt to better understand which aspects of these stressors were particularly important in risk for the onset of depression. Also, the psychosocial resources of perceived social support and sense of personal control were examined to determine their effect ...


Alcohol Use And Abuse Among College Women: A One-Year Follow-Up Study , Jennifer Lynne Miller Jan 2000

Alcohol Use And Abuse Among College Women: A One-Year Follow-Up Study , Jennifer Lynne Miller

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Is drinking among college women a relatively harmless phase, or does it point to longer-term problems? A sample of women (N = 149) from a large Midwestern university were surveyed about their alcohol use one year after they first completed an alcohol questionnaire. Approximately half of the sample (N = 70) were identified as alcohol abusers at Time 1, and the other half of the sample (N = 79) served as a control group. The two groups were compared on the average number of drinking occasions, average amount of alcohol consumed, number of binge drinking occasions in the last two weeks, and number ...


Family-Owned And Non-Family Owned Business: Stress And Coping , William B. Burns Jan 2000

Family-Owned And Non-Family Owned Business: Stress And Coping , William B. Burns

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was a conducted with a primary goal of exploring whether there are differences in stressors (i.e., aspects of business) and perceived stress related variables (i.e., subjective and psychological measures) between family-owned business owners/managers and non-family-owned business managers in the State of Iowa. The secondary goal was to ascertain if there are differences in the coping strategies used by these owners and managers. Statistically identified differences were then used as predictors of category membership in either the family-owned business or the non-family-owned business groups. A total of 140 usable surveys were collected, 71 from family-owned businesses ...


Comparison Of Macro And Micro Observational Methods For Measuring Marital Social Support , Krista Kay Krebs Jan 2000

Comparison Of Macro And Micro Observational Methods For Measuring Marital Social Support , Krista Kay Krebs

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the predictive utility of two observational measurement methods for examining marital social support. Eighty-two married couples completed self-report measures, and 10 minute videotaped supportive interactions. The interactions were designed to elicit discussion of current problems that were outside the couple's marital relationship. The first method of measurement was a macro-observational method---the Iowa Family Interaction Rating Scales (IFIRS: Melby et al., 1993), based on global ratings of the couples' interactions that fit descriptions of listener responsiveness, warmth, and hostility. The second method was a micro-observational method---the Social Support Behavior Code (SSBC: Suhr, 1990; Cutrona & Suhr, 1992, 1994 ...


Story-Telling As A Test Of Executive Function , Catharine M. Phillips-Bui Jan 2000

Story-Telling As A Test Of Executive Function , Catharine M. Phillips-Bui

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A story-telling task was developed to assess the ability of mild to moderate closed head injured (CHI) male medical center outpatients to spontaneously generate propositional thought. The Story-telling task (STT), an unstructured interview protocol and 12-item clinician scoring procedure, was designed as a new verbal measure of executive function, and its psychometric properties and clinical utility were explored in this study. The task consisted of clinician ratings of audio taped stories to three selected Thematic Apperception Test cards. The forty male subjects in the study (20 CYR patients and 20 control subjects, volunteers with an absence of head trauma or ...


Effects Of Positive And Negative Vicarious Counseling Experience On Preferences And Expectations About Counseling , Corey Jay Vas Jan 2000

Effects Of Positive And Negative Vicarious Counseling Experience On Preferences And Expectations About Counseling , Corey Jay Vas

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this counseling analogue study was to examine the influence of vicarious exposure to positive and negative videotaped counseling vignettes on participants' expectations and preferences about counseling. This study attempted to demonstrate that expectations and preferences about counseling could be manipulated so that expectations about counseling more closely resembled participants' preferences for counseling. The central hypothesis of the study was that those persons exposed to a relatively positive vicarious counseling experience would demonstrate an increase in their expectations about counseling, which more closely approximated their stated preferences. Conversely, persons exposed to a relatively negative vicarious counseling experience were ...


A Longitudinal Evaluation Of Factors Associated With Retaining Women In Science And Engineering , Christina Marie Osslund Gandhi Jan 1999

A Longitudinal Evaluation Of Factors Associated With Retaining Women In Science And Engineering , Christina Marie Osslund Gandhi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the longitudinal effects of a Living Learning Center (LLC) on women studying engineering, science, and Mathematics; The intervention was designed to decrease social isolation within women studying traditionally male-dominated career fields. Secondary goals included increasing LLC participants' retention within nontraditional academic majors and enhancing LLC participants' academic performance within nontraditional courses of study. Finally, increasing LLC participants' university retention, overall academic performance, self-efficacy, and college adjustment were tertiary objectives. Based on previous research, it was hypothesized that women participating in the LLC would report less social isolation, greater major and university retention, higher academic performance, and greater ...


Educational And Vocational Choices Of Gifted Individuals: Guidance Counseling And Research For Adolescents Into Adulthood , Teresa Anne Argo Boatman Jan 1997

Educational And Vocational Choices Of Gifted Individuals: Guidance Counseling And Research For Adolescents Into Adulthood , Teresa Anne Argo Boatman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The two papers presented herein focused on guidance and research surrounding educational and vocational development of gifted adolescents. The first paper presented educational interventions to optimize talent development through formulating an individualized educational plan to provide the best match of intellectual ability and preferences with educational opportunities. The paper highlights the school psychologist's role as consultant for serving the needs of the gifted learner;The second paper examined the educational and vocational choices, as well as preference profiles, of intellectually talented individuals with dominant mathematical abilities or dominant verbal abilities at age 13 based upon Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT ...


Coping, Adjustment, And Self-Concept Among Siblings Of The Chronically Mentally Ill , Marcy Beth Jensen Halvorson Jan 1997

Coping, Adjustment, And Self-Concept Among Siblings Of The Chronically Mentally Ill , Marcy Beth Jensen Halvorson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Seventy-four adult siblings of individuals with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder were interviewed by telephone regarding the effects that having a sibling with a chronic mental illness has had on them. Specifically, this study examined the effects that problem-focused coping, emotion-focused coping, perceived social support, premorbid interpersonal closeness with the mentally ill sibling, subjective burden, time since onset of the illness, frequency of contact with the mentally ill sibling, perceived controllability of the consequences of events related to the mentally ill sibling, and perceived severity of the illness had on well siblings' depression, self-concept, relationships and functioning in daily roles. Use ...


Investigating Antecedents To The Development Of Competence And Fulfillment Among Intellectually Gifted Adolescents: The Validity Of Conjointly Applying Above-Level Ability And Preference Assessment For Early Educational And Career Planning , John Andrew Achter Jan 1997

Investigating Antecedents To The Development Of Competence And Fulfillment Among Intellectually Gifted Adolescents: The Validity Of Conjointly Applying Above-Level Ability And Preference Assessment For Early Educational And Career Planning , John Andrew Achter

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recent efforts examining the educational and vocational development needs of intellectually gifted students have focused on the possibility of early intervention. There is considerable anecdotal evidence that the gifted begin to think earlier about careers than their peers and that their general vocational preferences may crystallize at an earlier age. Empirical research has produced some support for these assertions, as well as the notion that tests and questionnaires devised for use with older students might be applied in early adolescence with intellectually gifted individuals. Instruments measuring abilities and preferences, factors critical to the development of educational and vocational choice, competence ...


Women In Mathematics, Science, And Engineering College Majors: A Model Predicting Career Aspirations Based On Ability, Self-Efficacy, Role Model Influence, And Role Conflict , Margaret Mary Nauta Jan 1997

Women In Mathematics, Science, And Engineering College Majors: A Model Predicting Career Aspirations Based On Ability, Self-Efficacy, Role Model Influence, And Role Conflict , Margaret Mary Nauta

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated a model of predictors of career aspirations among two groups of women: students in mathematics, physical science, and engineering majors and students in biological science majors. Based on theories of women's career development and social-cognitive theories, it was hypothesized that ability, self-efficacy, positivity of role model influence, and role conflict would influence the career aspirations of these women. It was further hypothesized that the students' year in school would contribute to this model as a predictor variable. Five hundred forty-six students (representing a 71% response rate) from Iowa State University were surveyed by mail to evaluate ...