Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

2001

Discipline
Keyword

Articles 1 - 30 of 61

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Oneota Settlement Patterns In Northwest Iowa: Site Catchment Analysis And Predictive Modeling Using Geographic Information Systems, Charles Kim Benton Jan 2001

Oneota Settlement Patterns In Northwest Iowa: Site Catchment Analysis And Predictive Modeling Using Geographic Information Systems, Charles Kim Benton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Geographic information systems (GIS) software was utilized in the analysis of the settlement patterns of Oneota sites in northwest Iowa along the Little Sioux River and Big Sioux River. Site catchment analysis was performed for each site utilizing a cost distance algorithm to calculate a two hour catchment to assess whether or not sufficient resources would have been found in the catchment area. Resources thought to be of particular importance to Oneota groups include permanent water sources, arable land for cultivation, and sufficient quantities of wild plants and large game animals. These resources and other variables such as elevation, slope ...


A Rhetoric Of Boundaries: Living And Working Along A Technical/Non-Technical Split , David Paul Clark Jan 2001

A Rhetoric Of Boundaries: Living And Working Along A Technical/Non-Technical Split , David Paul Clark

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Historians and social scientists have long studied the construction and operation of conventional categories like "nature/culture." In this dissertation, I take a rhetorical approach to the study of a conventional category I refer to as the "technical/non-technical split," the arbitrary but powerful articulation of what is and is not "technical" that structures contemporary organizations. To accomplish this study, I conducted an ethnographic study of the ways that the organizational and individual belief in the separation of "technical" from "non-technical" structured daily work at an Internet startup company. I analyze the formation of the technical/non-technical structure, a formation ...


Us Multinational Companies: Empirical Investigation Of The Shares Of Sales And Exports Attributable To Affiliated And Unaffiliated Firms , Mohitur Rahman Jan 2001

Us Multinational Companies: Empirical Investigation Of The Shares Of Sales And Exports Attributable To Affiliated And Unaffiliated Firms , Mohitur Rahman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines the choices of production/marketing strategies used by U.S. multinational corporations (MNCs) in selling and exporting to foreign markets. The varying degree of control a U.S. MNC possesses over its affiliates translates to a varying degree of control it retains over a transaction. A transaction with an unaffiliated firm represents a transaction over which the U.S. MNC has no control; while a transaction with a MOFA represents one over which it has complete control. Transactions with JVs fall in between. Using the shares for unaffiliated parties, MOFAs, and JVs as the three dependent variables ...


Criminal Justice System Involvement And Continuity Of Youth Crime: A Longitudinal Test Of Labeling Theory , Lee Michael Johnson Jan 2001

Criminal Justice System Involvement And Continuity Of Youth Crime: A Longitudinal Test Of Labeling Theory , Lee Michael Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Adolescent crime is a major issue confronting not only the criminal justice system and the general public, but researchers as well. Studies of criminal careers reveal several possible factors explaining persistent offending. At one time, labeling theory was a popular explanation for continued deviance, but a lack of empirical support and conceptual objections soon made the theory unpopular. In this analysis, labeling theory is integrated with other theories and then re-considered as an explanation for persistent youth crime. The primary contention here is that formal legal sanctioning---in the form of involvement with the police, courts, and correctional agencies---may, ironically, operate ...


A Place In The Hills: Fiscal Impact And Social Analysis Of Suburbanization In The Loess Hills Counties Of Iowa, Jeffrey Donald Benson Jan 2001

A Place In The Hills: Fiscal Impact And Social Analysis Of Suburbanization In The Loess Hills Counties Of Iowa, Jeffrey Donald Benson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Rural residential development presents many economic, environmental, fiscal, social and political issues to rural places. This thesis examined development pattern and fiscal and social impact as they relate to residential, non-farm development outside of incorporated towns in the Loess Hills region in seven counties in western Iowa from 1995 through 1999. The first part of this work analyzed the physical pattern and county planning regulations of this development and resulting fiscal impacts. Development was found to have increased rapidly in some areas, with a slight majority of the development located on estate lots outside of subdivisions. Using an average costs ...


The Impact Of Human Capital And Income Supports In Alleviating Material Hardships Among Low-Income Households, Cory Robert Wessman Jan 2001

The Impact Of Human Capital And Income Supports In Alleviating Material Hardships Among Low-Income Households, Cory Robert Wessman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This paper examines the differences in material hardships that exist among low-income households. The analysis draws on evidence from a recent survey of Iowa's Food Stamp households. The approach to measuring material hardships does not rely on income or other means testing, but on survey questions that quantify the degree of household material hardship. Three indexed measures of material hardship assess different aspects of hardship: food security, housing insecurity and economic insecurity. To understand the causes of material hardship, these indexes are used as dependent variables in ordinary least-squares regressions with three sets of explanatory variables: demographic variables, asset ...


Factors Of Success Of Small Farms And The Relationship Between Financial Success And Perceived Success, Virginie Youkoujouo Nanhou Jan 2001

Factors Of Success Of Small Farms And The Relationship Between Financial Success And Perceived Success, Virginie Youkoujouo Nanhou

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates the factors of farm success, determines the profile of small successful farmers and also explores the factors affecting farmers' perception of success. Farm size was measured in terms of gross sales and a profit index (equal to ratio of gross profit over gross profit minus management return) was used as a measure of financial efficiency and also as a proxy for farmers' profitability. A sample of seventy-three farmers, further divided in four groups based on a combination of farm size and profit levels, was used in the analyses. Means comparisons using t-tests to identify success factors, a ...


Sv To Vs: The Acquisition Of Spanish Pragmatic Word Order By Native Speakers Of English, Jene Hughes Jan 2001

Sv To Vs: The Acquisition Of Spanish Pragmatic Word Order By Native Speakers Of English, Jene Hughes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Intercultural Business Communication: A Template For Designing A Training Curriculum, Stephanie Joanne Siska Jan 2001

Intercultural Business Communication: A Template For Designing A Training Curriculum, Stephanie Joanne Siska

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Despite the abundance of sources now available for intercultural trainers to build and evaluate their programs, information about how to determine the content of the training curriculum is lacking. As research in intercultural (and cross-cultural) communication has increased over the decades, numerous training topics have been identified within the field of intercultural communication. Trainers with a limited amount of time to spend with their trainees must decide what content areas to train and how to train them based on the characteristics of the organization and the trainees. The purpose of this study was to employ the advice of experienced intercultural ...


Evaluating The Structure And Pedagogy Of Bavarian Esl Texts, Chris Ashley Fox Jan 2001

Evaluating The Structure And Pedagogy Of Bavarian Esl Texts, Chris Ashley Fox

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study compares ESL textbooks used Hauptschule, Realschule and Gymnasium classrooms across Bavaria, Germany. To make these comparisons, textbooks were collected and evaluated by a newly created evaluation tool. Essential components of textbooks were determined while properties of test usefulness and the possible TLU's of learners were examined and incorporated into the new evaluation tool. Texts were examined by the detailed completion of questions posed in the evaluation tool. The findings show that Bavarian ESL textbooks do seem to take into account the possible TLU's of their learners and tend to limit the difficulty level of the materials ...


Mutual Influences Of Personality And Life Experiences During The Transition To Adulthood , Yumei Sun Jan 2001

Mutual Influences Of Personality And Life Experiences During The Transition To Adulthood , Yumei Sun

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research evidence has indicated significant change in personality traits during the transition from late adolescence to early adulthood. Life experiences, particularly those involved in work, school, interpersonal relationships, positive and negative life events, and risky behavior are seen as having the potential to evoke personality change. The influence of these life experiences may also be contingent on the personality dispositions that persons bring to the change situation themselves. Based on this view, we proposed that personality characteristics at adolescence would help shape life experiences during early adulthood which, in turn, would lead to further growth, stability, or regression on these ...


Agricultural Extension Educators' Perceptions Regarding The Teaching And Learning Processes As Related To Sustainable Agriculture: Implications For Agricultural Extension Education , Koralalage Sunil Upali Jayaratne Jan 2001

Agricultural Extension Educators' Perceptions Regarding The Teaching And Learning Processes As Related To Sustainable Agriculture: Implications For Agricultural Extension Education , Koralalage Sunil Upali Jayaratne

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Development of sustainability in conventional agricultural systems is a challenge that agricultural scientists and educators have to face. Review of related studies indicated that extension educators were skeptical of the application of sustainable agricultural practices. However, none of these past studies focused on extension educators' perceptions regarding the teaching learning process related to sustainable agriculture.;The purpose of this study was to determine extension educators' perceptions regarding the teaching-learning process pertaining to sustainable agricultural practices, and identify the relationship between extension educators' perceptions and their motivation for learning about sustainable agriculture.;This was a survey research study conducted with a ...


Emerging Bridges Over Contested Waters: Coalitions, Participatory Process, Social Capital And Community Capacity For Water Quality Protection , Stephen Philip Gasteyer Jan 2001

Emerging Bridges Over Contested Waters: Coalitions, Participatory Process, Social Capital And Community Capacity For Water Quality Protection , Stephen Philip Gasteyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Over the decade of the 1990s, there has been increasing attention to the factors that contribute to community organization for the protection of water quality. While much is theorized about the importance of education, leadership, and biophysical factors in this organization, few have laid out concrete models about the causal factors in creating community capacity for water quality protection. Building on research on social indicators, including indicators of community process, this research aims to demonstrate a clear relationship between attention to the social mobilization process and creation of community capacity to respond to water quality challenges. I use multivariate analysis ...


Examining The Academic Experiences Of Minorities Preparing For The Professoriate , Willie J. Heggins Iii Jan 2001

Examining The Academic Experiences Of Minorities Preparing For The Professoriate , Willie J. Heggins Iii

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The critical need to understand the socialization experiences of prospective minority faculty is apparent today. If higher education can understand more about the experiences of new minority faculty members, perhaps the academy will be able to develop continued supportive strategies that enhance their development into the academic profession. The purpose of this study was to examine the academic experiences of the minority participants in the Preparing Future Faculty program (PFF). As a consequence of participating in the PFF program, the minority participants regarded that they felt ready for a faculty position, regarded that mentoring was effective, indicated that awareness of ...


Relationship Of Interdependent Self-Construal To Grief After The Break Up Of A Romantic Relationship: A Test Of A Model , Denise Ann Litterer Allumbaugh Jan 2001

Relationship Of Interdependent Self-Construal To Grief After The Break Up Of A Romantic Relationship: A Test Of A Model , Denise Ann Litterer Allumbaugh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research suggests that people commonly experience symptoms of distress and grief after relationship termination (LeGrand, 1989), which vary as a function of relationship variables such as relationship closeness (Simpson, 1987). This study examined the relationship of interdependent self-construal (Cross & Madson, 1997) to grief in college students after the break up of a romantic relationship and tested mediators of this relationship. It also examined mediators of the relationship between interdependent self-construal and relationship satisfaction. Participants were administered self-report measures assessing interdependent self-construal and potential mediating variables at two time points. Approximately five to seven months later they were contacted to participate ...


The Preparation Of Pastors In Premarital Counseling , Jeffrey Karl Buikema Jan 2001

The Preparation Of Pastors In Premarital Counseling , Jeffrey Karl Buikema

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Historically, clergy have been the primary providers of premarital counseling (PMC). Over the past 50 years, limited research has been focused on the preparation needs of pastors in PMC. When asked, they claimed to feel inadequate as PMC providers. They cited inadequate seminary education as the reason (Babb, 1992; Buikema, 1999; Ipes, 1982; Loskot, 1993; Stahmann & Hiebert, 1997).;The purpose of this qualitative research study was to examine the "lived experience" of pastors and their PMC ring needs by seeking their direct input. Twelve interviews were conducted. The researcher developed a 10-question protocol based on his previous research on PMC (Buikema, 1999 ...


Development Of A Scale To Code The Elicitation Of Social Support , Sandra L. Jensen Jan 2001

Development Of A Scale To Code The Elicitation Of Social Support , Sandra L. Jensen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Social Support Elicitation Behavior Code (SSEBC) was developed to code elicitation behaviors exhibited during videotaped interactions among married couples. The code consists of twenty individual behaviors. The behaviors were divided into the general categories of direct and indirect strategies, based on research by Barbee (1990). In addition, an exploratory factor analysis suggested that the elicitation behaviors could be divided into eight meaningful categories. The relationship between social support elicitation behaviors and social support provision was tested through correlations of direct and indirect strategies, the eight factors, and the individual elicitation strategies with several measures of social support. These measures ...


The Multiple Role Coping Inventory (Mrci): Development And Factor Structure Investigation Using A Sample Of Employed Mothers , Carolyn Anne Karr Jan 2001

The Multiple Role Coping Inventory (Mrci): Development And Factor Structure Investigation Using A Sample Of Employed Mothers , Carolyn Anne Karr

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Drawing on prior research that has encompassed three conceptual phases, the current study aims to further expand the multiple role coping literature. Initial work centered around women's expanding roles and gender comparison research, while more recent research has focused on attitudes about and sociopolitical influences on home and career role conflict and coping strategies. Prior multiple role conflict coping instruments have lacked adequate psychometric properties, or have focused on attitudinal orientations toward multiple roles. A sample of employed mothers was collected (N = 266) to further validate the Multiple Role Coping Inventory (MRCI). The authors initially investigated the factor structure ...


Four Papers On Agricultural Finance And Adoption Of Biotechnology , Alexander Ernestovich Saak Jan 2001

Four Papers On Agricultural Finance And Adoption Of Biotechnology , Alexander Ernestovich Saak

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The four papers comprising this thesis are entirely self-contained. Paper I investigates financial measures of a projects' worth in a standard static setting. We identify conditions such that net present value is monotone in the discount rate applied to evaluate a project. We also formulate a linear dominance condition on projects' cash flows sufficient to order projects according to the internal rate of return criterion. Paper II develops a firmer understanding of the economics underlying the relationship between rental rates sensitivity to output price and land quality. Using two measures of land quality: distance to market and yield productivity, we ...


Defending The Self: The Role Of The Relational-Interdependent Self-Construal , Pamela Lynn Bacon Jan 2001

Defending The Self: The Role Of The Relational-Interdependent Self-Construal , Pamela Lynn Bacon

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Individuals with relational-interdependent self-construals define themselves based on their important relationships. This organization of the self-concept has implications for self-enhancement and self-protection. High relationals should be motivated to maintain and strengthen important relationships. This motivation is a departure from typical self-enhancement research, which focuses on the motivation to emphasize one's own positive qualities. The purpose of this project was to examine how the relational self-construal is related to individuals' responses to threat.;Study 1 examined the relational self-construal and a threat to the self. For high relationals, some forms of self-enhancement, such as emphasizing individual traits and attributes, might ...


Bogus Feedback Distorts Recall Of An Interpersonal Judgment Task: Three Empirical Tests Of The Post-Decision Feedback Effect , Amy Lynn Bradfield Jan 2001

Bogus Feedback Distorts Recall Of An Interpersonal Judgment Task: Three Empirical Tests Of The Post-Decision Feedback Effect , Amy Lynn Bradfield

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Three experiments investigated a phenomenon of memory distortion. Social influence, in the form of bogus feedback information about the accuracy of an interpersonal judgment, dramatically distorted people's recollections. Participants in all three experiments watched a short video of a couple interacting. After the video was over, participants either judged which person had an affair or which person committed suicide (Experiment 1 only). After making their decision, participants were randomly assigned to hear bogus confirming ("Yes, that is the person who had the affair [committed suicide]") or disconfirming ("Actually, it was the other person who had the affair [committed suicide ...


Photogrammetry And Remote Sensing For Visualization Of Spatial Data In A Virtual Reality Environment , Dwipen Bhagawati Jan 2001

Photogrammetry And Remote Sensing For Visualization Of Spatial Data In A Virtual Reality Environment , Dwipen Bhagawati

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Researchers in many disciplines have started using the tool of Virtual Reality (VR) to gain new insights into problems in their respective disciplines. Recent advances in computer graphics, software and hardware technologies have created many opportunities for VR systems, advanced scientific and engineering applications being among them. In Geometronics, generally photogrammetry and remote sensing are used for management of spatial data inventory. VR technology can be suitably used for management of spatial data inventory. This research demonstrates usefulness of VR technology for inventory management by taking the roadside features as a case study. Management of roadside feature inventory involves positioning ...


Evaluation And Process Of Family Law And Divorce Mediation In Polk County, Iowa , Jill Roxanne Sudak-Allison Jan 2001

Evaluation And Process Of Family Law And Divorce Mediation In Polk County, Iowa , Jill Roxanne Sudak-Allison

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Fifty percent of all marriages end in divorce prior to the seventh year of marriage (Bee, 1994; National Center for Health Statistics, 1991). As a result many young children live with one parent. The U.S. Census Bureau (1998) estimates this effects 19.8 million children. Children living in single-headed households are more likely to suffer social, emotional, economic, educational, health and psychological problems (Chase-Lansdale, & Heatherington, 1990; Emery, 1988). Parents also experience difficulties adjusting to the end of a relationship. Amato (1993) believes this transition phase of divorce lasts between 2 to 5 years. Family law/divorce mediation was created to lessen ...


Cohabitation Versus Marriage As A First Union: A Developmental Approach , Jennifer Marie Meehan Brennom Jan 2001

Cohabitation Versus Marriage As A First Union: A Developmental Approach , Jennifer Marie Meehan Brennom

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study applied a developmental approach to the study of cohabitation. Until now, prospectively assessed family and peer behavioral influences had not been studied in relation to young adults' decisions to cohabit or marry as a first union. The present study had three goals. The first and primary purpose of this study was to prospectively examine behaviors and beliefs experienced in the family of origin and with peers that may influence the occurrence of cohabitation rather than marriage as a first union. The second purpose was to examine the influence of these factors on the unconventional relationship beliefs of the ...


Political Institutions And Chronic Food Insecurity In Developing Countries: An Empirical Analysis , Amani El Tayeb El Obeid Jan 2001

Political Institutions And Chronic Food Insecurity In Developing Countries: An Empirical Analysis , Amani El Tayeb El Obeid

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

World food production is growing at a faster rate than population growth and capita food energy has increased in developing countries. However, approximately 800 million people in the developing world still do not have access to sufficient food for an adequate diet. An additional quarter of a billion people periodically face food inaccessibility due to weather, instability in prices and employment, drought, diseases and civil strife, Furthermore, the distribution of food is uneven around the world.;There have been a number of theses advanced on why millions of people around the world go hungry including poverty, rapid population and urban ...


Conceptual Change-Based Instruction And Preservice Teacher Technology Preparation: A Collective Case Study , William Anthony Sadera Jan 2001

Conceptual Change-Based Instruction And Preservice Teacher Technology Preparation: A Collective Case Study , William Anthony Sadera

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Preparing preservice teachers to use computers effectively in teaching and learning is fundamental for significant educational reform. Often, preservice teachers possess traditional beliefs about teaching and learning and view the computer as a device to support traditional education. Because educational reform is, in part, contingent on the preparation of the next generation of teachers, it is imperative that teacher educators design and implement instructional strategies that help preservice teachers to develop comprehensive conceptions about classroom computer use. The purpose of this case study was to explore and examine the effects of a conceptual change-based instructional unit on preservice teachers' conceptions ...


Stressors, Distress, And Resources: Reciprocal And Buffering Influences During The Transition From Adolescence To Adulthood , Lora J. Ebert Wallace Jan 2001

Stressors, Distress, And Resources: Reciprocal And Buffering Influences During The Transition From Adolescence To Adulthood , Lora J. Ebert Wallace

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Consistent with a life course and social contextual approach, this study proposes a reciprocal relationship between stressful life events and emotional distress during the transition from adolescence to early adulthood. Study predictions included continuity of events and distress, and reciprocal causation between events and distress. SEM analysis of longitudinal, prospective data from 526 white, rural targets largely supported study expectations. Stressful events and distress showed stability over time, and a degree of reciprocity between events and distress was observed. At each of three time points, stressful events predicted psychological distress, and psychological distress at mid- and late-adolescence predicted events at ...


Suicidal Ideation Among American Indian Youth , Kevin Allan Yoder Jan 2001

Suicidal Ideation Among American Indian Youth , Kevin Allan Yoder

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Risk factors for suicidal ideation among 212 American Indian youth were examined in this dissertation. The youth lived on or near three reservations in the upper Midwest, and they had an average age of 12 years. Nine percent of the youth reported current thoughts about killing themselves. Several factors were related to suicidal ideation among these youth: self-esteem, depressive symptoms, substance use, discrimination, and negative life events. Hopelessness was unrelated to suicidal ideation, and this was attributed to the present- rather than future-oriented focus of Native people. Substance use emerged as the most important predictor of suicidal ideation, and it ...


Reported Speech: Empirical Corpus Findings Compared With Efl/Esl Textbook Presentations, Suzanne Emily Bayless Eckhardt Jan 2001

Reported Speech: Empirical Corpus Findings Compared With Efl/Esl Textbook Presentations, Suzanne Emily Bayless Eckhardt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study uses the method of corpus linguistics to investigate a particular grammatical topic in English: Reported Speech. First, presentations of reported speech in seven ESL/EFL (English as a Second/Foreign Language) grammar textbooks are analyzed. The results of the analysis show what information ESL/EFL students currently receive from textbooks about reported speech. Second, a corpus study is implemented to determine how people actually use reported speech in real life. The results of the empirical corpus study represent authentic, naturally-occurring language and reported speech patterns in two registers of American English: Newspaper Writing and Conversation. Third, the results ...


American Camp Culture: A History Of Recreational Vehicle Development And Leisure Camping In The United States, 1890-1960 , David Leroy Harmon Jan 2001

American Camp Culture: A History Of Recreational Vehicle Development And Leisure Camping In The United States, 1890-1960 , David Leroy Harmon

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study looks at the relationship between technology and its social and cultural context by examining the ways in which changing ideas and attitudes about camp vehicles and leisure camping shaped recreational vehicle technology. It focuses on the period, roughly 1890 to 1960, when leisure camping and recreational vehicles were in their formative years, when American popular culture publications celebrated recreational vehicle travel, and when recreational vehicle manufacturing matured into a dynamic, billion-dollar industry. Looking at what social values and ideas prompted the selection of a technology, and second, what new values and ideas may have then prompted the shift ...