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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

1992

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Articles 1 - 30 of 92

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Comparison Study Of Student Test Scores On The Iowa Test Of Basic Skills And The Cognitive Abilities Test: Developmental Kindergarten Students And General Student Population In The Ankeny Community Schools, Nancy Sue Moorhead Jan 1992

A Comparison Study Of Student Test Scores On The Iowa Test Of Basic Skills And The Cognitive Abilities Test: Developmental Kindergarten Students And General Student Population In The Ankeny Community Schools, Nancy Sue Moorhead

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Empirical Investigation Into The Construct Redundancy Of Job Evaluation And Job Redesign , Marc C. Marchese Jan 1992

An Empirical Investigation Into The Construct Redundancy Of Job Evaluation And Job Redesign , Marc C. Marchese

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study addressed the question: To what extent is there convergence between job evaluation components which are associated with higher levels of pay and job design characteristics which are associated with higher levels of enrichment? Ten clerical jobs and ten professional/scientific jobs were the observational units for this investigation. Two professionally established job evaluation instruments and two widely accepted job characteristic inventories (JCI and JDS) were used to assess levels of job worth and job design, respectively. Average salary was obtained for the twenty jobs. Results indicated that there was moderate convergence between job evaluation and job design. The ...


Effects Of Farm Characteristics And Government Disaster Assistance On Multiple-Peril Crop Insurance Purchases By Iowa Crop Farmers , Khosrow Khojasteh Jan 1992

Effects Of Farm Characteristics And Government Disaster Assistance On Multiple-Peril Crop Insurance Purchases By Iowa Crop Farmers , Khosrow Khojasteh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present federal crop insurance program has been characterized by low farmer participation and high government costs. It has been frequently argued that one of the major factors causing the poor participation rate is the continued availability of disaster relief payments, whereby the ad hoc disaster assistance programs help support producers' beliefs that a widespread natural disaster will be accompanied by government assistance;The purpose of this study was to develop and empirically estimate probability models that could explain Iowa farmers' behavior regarding the purchase of multiple-peril crop insurance. The models under study included both linear and nonlinear single- equations ...


Rationality And Value Freedom: Three Studies In Social Action , Debra Clements Lemke Jan 1992

Rationality And Value Freedom: Three Studies In Social Action , Debra Clements Lemke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Assumptions about rationality and value-freedom permeate modern science. These assumptions are held uncritically and bias the scholar in the pursuit of knowledge. These papers survey the writings of select social scientists and in particular Max Weber on the subjects of rationality and value-freedom. The implications of adherence to normal science definitions of these concepts are postulated while the definitions themselves are challenged.


"We Want Our Money Back!": The Story Of The National Farmers Process Tax Recovery Association , Jean Choate Jan 1992

"We Want Our Money Back!": The Story Of The National Farmers Process Tax Recovery Association , Jean Choate

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A small group of farmers met in Des Moines, Iowa, in March of 1936 to form the National Farmers Process Tax Recovery Association. They were attempting to recover for the farmers the hog processing tax of the Agricultural Adjustment Act which had just been declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. The NFPTRA leaders claimed that the meat packers had passed the processing taxes on to the farmers through paying lower prices for their hogs. Milo Reno, a noted leader of the Iowa Farmers Union and president of the Farm Holiday movement, suggested the formation of the group and recruited some ...


The Adoption Of Soil Conservation Practices In Burkina Faso: The Role Of Indigenous Knowledge, Social Structure And Institutional Support , Basga Emile Dialla Jan 1992

The Adoption Of Soil Conservation Practices In Burkina Faso: The Role Of Indigenous Knowledge, Social Structure And Institutional Support , Basga Emile Dialla

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the West African country of Burkina Faso, soil erosion has long been a concern. The national government has perceived soil erosion a problem for over a quarter of a century. Although institutional support and practices to control the severity of soil erosion are available, attempts to address the problem have met with limited success. This limited success may be related to lack of consideration of the local indigenous knowledge as a restraining factor. Farmers may be reluctant to adopt conservation practices unfamiliar to them;This study, conducted in two villages in the northwestern Burkina Faso investigates the important role ...


A Theoretical Perspective For Explaining Factors Associated With Cooperative Membership In The Qassim Region Of Saudi Arabia , Muhamad Suliman Al-Sakran Jan 1992

A Theoretical Perspective For Explaining Factors Associated With Cooperative Membership In The Qassim Region Of Saudi Arabia , Muhamad Suliman Al-Sakran

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The focus of this study is on voluntary membership of farmers in agricultural cooperatives. Communication channels and personal motives of farmers are investigated in an effort to understand the problems hindering the agricultural cooperation movement. The main purpose of this study is to critique the traditional diffusion model in its application to cooperative membership in Saudi Arabia. Suggestions are made to expand the traditional model beyond utilitarian considerations to consider cooperation as a moral obligation. This comes out of a deontological perspective where cultural (moral) conditions are combined with perceived individual benefits for understanding how farmers decide on whether or ...


The Adaptation Of Afrikan Students To Iowa State University , Tina Marshall-Bradley Jan 1992

The Adaptation Of Afrikan Students To Iowa State University , Tina Marshall-Bradley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Within the past two decades there has been a tremendous increase of Afrikan students in the United States (Arubayi, 1981). Afrikan students at Iowa State University are experiencing difficulty in a variety of areas. Economic problems have always been the most severe difficulty experienced by Afrikan students in the United States (Arubayi, 1981). They also experience difficulty in communicating with Americans, (Pruitt, 1978); feelings of homesickness that can often lead to alcohol abuse (Oshodin, 1982); social problems, (Arubayi, 1981; Teferra, 1978; Adelegan & Parks, 1985; Ekaiko, 1981); and food problems (Hossain, 1982), including preparation and consumption of American foods and the procurement of ...


Training Electronic Equipment Operators: Behavior Modeling Versus Text Versus Trial And Error , Carolyn Kay Howard Jan 1992

Training Electronic Equipment Operators: Behavior Modeling Versus Text Versus Trial And Error , Carolyn Kay Howard

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This experiment evaluated two instructional methods for training photocopier operators--behavior modeling and text (instruction manual). A trial and error group served as a control. The behavior modeling conditions utilized two mediums for the demonstration component--in-person and videotape. All participants were trained on four basic photocopying tasks. Performance was tested one week after the initial training session using the four training tasks plus a transfer task, the later combining two of the training tasks. The in-person demonstration behavior modeling condition yielded significantly less time for completion of the five tasks when compared with text and trial and error. Surprisingly, participants in ...


The Effect Of Information Redundancy And Format Upon Comprehensibility Of Consent Information To Chronic Alcoholics , Kenneth Raymond Mills Jan 1992

The Effect Of Information Redundancy And Format Upon Comprehensibility Of Consent Information To Chronic Alcoholics , Kenneth Raymond Mills

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the effect of information repetition and media format upon comprehension and recall of consent information in a sample of chronic alcoholics. Subjects were 80 patients in treatment for chronic alcoholism in one of five treatment centers in the state of Iowa;Information about the study, itself, was presented to subjects in either printed or video format. Half of the subjects were presented each element of salient information only once (simple condition). The other half of the subjects were presented a reworded version of each element of salient information immediately following the initial presentation of the element (redundant ...


Applying Dynamic Non-Linear Models To Exchange Rate Determination , Nitus Patrayotin Jan 1992

Applying Dynamic Non-Linear Models To Exchange Rate Determination , Nitus Patrayotin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is a large theoretical and empirical literature that tries to explain and understand the movement of observed exchange rates. There are three major theories of exchange rate determination: the flexible-price approach, the sticky-price approach and the portfolio approach. These three approaches are combined together in this study. The model is modified further by incorporating information from the forward exchange market. This information is incorporated by using the relationship between the observed forward rate, the expected rate in the future and the forward parity rate;The theoretical models of exchange rate determination are mostly two country models. To extend it ...


A Case Study Of Inservice Education For Teachers Of Computer Education At The Elementary School Level In Taiwan, Republic Of China , Lih-Jen Jew Jan 1992

A Case Study Of Inservice Education For Teachers Of Computer Education At The Elementary School Level In Taiwan, Republic Of China , Lih-Jen Jew

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to gather the perceptions and the attitudes of elementary school teachers in Taiwan R.O.C. regarding inservice computer education programs. The study also investigated elementary school teachers' attitudes towards content, format, scheduling, and administrative' support of inservice education;Data were collected by way of a survey which was measured using a Likert scale. A proportional, stratified random sampling procedure was used to identify 200 elementary schools from the 2,467 elementary schools in Taiwan. The survey was mailed to principals of sampled schools. Only one teacher from each school was chosen as a ...


Community And Campus Culture: Out-Of-Class Involvement At A Midwest Liberal Arts College , Jerry Mark Price Jan 1992

Community And Campus Culture: Out-Of-Class Involvement At A Midwest Liberal Arts College , Jerry Mark Price

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The time students spend outside the classroom "profoundly shapes the form and quality" (Boyer, 1987, pp. 292-293) of their undergraduate experiences. Out-of-class opportunities can challenge students to broaden their educational interests, engage themselves in their own education, and learn to take responsibility for their own actions. Out-of-class opportunities also can enhance growth in students' self-confidence, leadership, empathy, social responsibility, and understanding and appreciation of cultural and intellectual differences. This study examined and described students' out-of-class involvement opportunities at a midwest liberal arts college, as well as the factors and conditions that influence involvement;The methods of inquiry for this study ...


Family Social Structure, Farm Operation Characteristics And The Adoption Of New Technologies For Sustainable Farming Systems In Mali , Mahamadou Tangara Jan 1992

Family Social Structure, Farm Operation Characteristics And The Adoption Of New Technologies For Sustainable Farming Systems In Mali , Mahamadou Tangara

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate to what extent the social structure of the family farm production unit and farm operation characteristics are related to the adoption of new farming technologies in the OHV area;This study relates the adoption/diffusion model to the farming system research and extension (FSR/E) approach applied to farming families of the "Operation Haute Vallee" area in Mali. Adoption is defined as a decision to use fully an innovation, and diffusion can be considered as the spreading of a practice perceived as new from its source of creation to adopters as individuals ...


An Intertemporal-Optimizing General Equilibrium Model Of Exchange Rates And External Imbalances, Attapol Threemonkong Jan 1992

An Intertemporal-Optimizing General Equilibrium Model Of Exchange Rates And External Imbalances, Attapol Threemonkong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation develops an intertemporal-optimizing general equilibrium model of exchange rates and external imbalances by providing a bridge between recent developments in international finance literature and international trade and policy literature;Using an intertemporal-optimizing general-equilibrium framework, many presumptions of the traditional international finance literature have been overturned; the current account should be viewed as a nation's decision to save or dissave, and therefore must be analyzed in an intertemporal context. Another virtue of macro-models derived from individual optimizing behavior is that the behavioral rules of economic agents are consistent with the performance of the macroeconomic model;The model is ...


Alcohol Use Patterns And Personality Profiles As Functions Of Gender, Family History Of Alcohol Dependency, Character Type And Familial Health , Eugene Russell Day Deisinger Jan 1992

Alcohol Use Patterns And Personality Profiles As Functions Of Gender, Family History Of Alcohol Dependency, Character Type And Familial Health , Eugene Russell Day Deisinger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the effects of gender, family history of alcohol dependency, familial health and character type on alcohol use patterns and personality profiles of a non-clinical sample of college students. Subjects were 487 students from introductory psychology courses at a large midwestern university. Results showed minimal differences between adult children of alcoholics (ACOAs) and children of non-alcoholics on the dependent variables, likely reflecting the heterogeneity of both groups. However, variables of gender, family health and character type did differ significantly on the dependent variables. These findings suggest that the identification of persons as ACOAs has limited utility in predicting ...


Children's Academic Self-Perceptions: The Influences Of Social Comparison And Classroom Setting , Marilyn Sue Wilson Jan 1992

Children's Academic Self-Perceptions: The Influences Of Social Comparison And Classroom Setting , Marilyn Sue Wilson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to begin testing the proposition that returning or serving mildly handicapped students in the general classroom may jeopardize their academic self-perceptions and to assess students' preferences regarding extra academic assistance. Participants were regular (N = 287) and special education (N = 175) students in three midwestern cities. The students completed the Children's Self-Perception Profile for Learning Disabled Students (SPPLDS) and accompanying social comparison measure (Renick & Harter, 1988), as well as a measure of locus of control consisting of the cognitive section from Connell's (1985) Multidimensional Measure of Children's Perceptions of Control. Students also were asked to choose from whom and where they would prefer to receive extra academic assistance. Data on each student's educational handicapping condition, level of special education programming, curriculum modification, and extent of team teaching utilized were provided by classroom teachers;Initial analyses by district indicated differences in self-perceptions; for all academic self-perception areas regular education students in District A scored the same as the special education students (combined for all three districts ...


Changing Attitudes Toward Science And Women In Science: Assessing The Impact Of A Role Model Intervention On Ninth Grade Students , Mary Ann Evans Jan 1992

Changing Attitudes Toward Science And Women In Science: Assessing The Impact Of A Role Model Intervention On Ninth Grade Students , Mary Ann Evans

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation describes the results of a three-day role model intervention. The intervention utilized female scientists and engineers to change the attitudes of ninth grade students toward science and math and toward the role of females in technical careers. A general introduction and literature review describe factors influencing the attitudes and behaviors of adolescent girls toward science and technology. Three papers report the results of the study;In the first paper, we explain the development and testing of an instrument designed to measure ninth grade students' attitudes toward science and math and the role of females in technical careers. The ...


Supply Response And Food Demand In Lampung, Indonesia, Yoke Muelgini Jan 1992

Supply Response And Food Demand In Lampung, Indonesia, Yoke Muelgini

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Different Systems Of Positive Reinforcement On Computer-Based Learning , Yang Mei-Hsueh Tsai Jan 1992

The Effects Of Different Systems Of Positive Reinforcement On Computer-Based Learning , Yang Mei-Hsueh Tsai

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of three selected hierarchies of positive reinforcement stimuli (i.e., text, text with sound, and text with moving picture as well as sound effects) coupled with different presentation schedules (i.e., continuous, fixed-ratio, and variable-ratio) on computer-based learning of the arithmetic concepts of addition. To fulfill the purpose, nine computer programs which had identical instructional content were developed on Apple II computers using SuperPILOT software. Although the programs had identical instructional content, each program had a different reinforcement system. These nine reinforcement systems were the combinations of two factors, reinforcement ...


A Qualitative Study Of The Effect Of Chronic Illness On Marital Quality , Sandra Kay Thoman-Touet Jan 1992

A Qualitative Study Of The Effect Of Chronic Illness On Marital Quality , Sandra Kay Thoman-Touet

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study explored the effect of chronic debilitating illness on the quality of marital relationships. Twenty couples participated in qualitative interviews. Diagnosis and time duration of the illness, and demographic data were obtained. Subjects were asked to tell the researcher what it had been like for them as a couple to deal with the chronic illness. Couples must have been married for at least 5 years, must have one or both spouses or a dependent child affected by a chronic debilitating illness which had been diagnosed for at least 6 months and was not yet in the terminal phase, and ...


The Influence Of Demographic, Achievement And Socioeconomic Factors On Proportions Of Students With Disabilities , Jeananne Reister Hagen Jan 1992

The Influence Of Demographic, Achievement And Socioeconomic Factors On Proportions Of Students With Disabilities , Jeananne Reister Hagen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research study examined the relationship between demographic, achievement, and socioeconomic factors and differences in proportions of students served in special education in school districts and intermediate education agencies (AEAs) in Iowa. Vast differences were found in the proportions of students being served in special education programs, ranging from 3% to 17% of school district populations. Four research questions were addressed in the study: (a) Are demographic, achievement, and socioeconomic factors related to the proportion of students served in special education in school districts? (b) Are demographic, achievement, and socioeconomic factors related to the proportions of students served in special ...


An Analysis Of Power And Stress Using Cybernetic Epistemology , Randall Robert Lyle Jan 1992

An Analysis Of Power And Stress Using Cybernetic Epistemology , Randall Robert Lyle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation unites two papers intended for publication in professional journals. The dissertation begins with a general introduction to cybernetic epistemology which functions as the foundation for the analyses accomplished in the two papers. The Myth of Power and the Power of Myth is concerned with examining how cybernetic epistemology alters our understanding and use of the concept of power in our lives and in our society. Toward a Vibrant Stress Model presupposes a cybernetic epistemology as it creates an alternative model for the understanding and explanation of the experience of stress in human lives. Individually, each of the papers ...


A Paradigm For The Thinking Process Involved In Early Adolescent's Decision Making, Nancy Rae Schlautman Jan 1992

A Paradigm For The Thinking Process Involved In Early Adolescent's Decision Making, Nancy Rae Schlautman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Sex Role Orientation On The Amount Of Time Spent In Household Production By The Husband And The Wife, Hyochung Kim Jan 1992

The Effect Of Sex Role Orientation On The Amount Of Time Spent In Household Production By The Husband And The Wife, Hyochung Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Early Mathematics Teaching And Learning In Sudanese Families, Azza Moawia Habib Jan 1992

Early Mathematics Teaching And Learning In Sudanese Families, Azza Moawia Habib

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Educator Change During The Adoption Of Hypermedia, Dennis Wayne Mcelroy Jan 1992

Educator Change During The Adoption Of Hypermedia, Dennis Wayne Mcelroy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Consumers' Conceptualization Of Apparel Attributes And Apparel Quality , Liza Kovilagathu Abraham Jan 1992

Consumers' Conceptualization Of Apparel Attributes And Apparel Quality , Liza Kovilagathu Abraham

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Examining the attributes that affect consumers' perceptions of product quality has been of pivotal interest in marketing research. The objectives of this study were (1) to identify and classify attributes that play a significant role at time of purchase and during use of apparel, (2) to compare expectations of apparel attributes at time of purchase with perceptions of attributes as the apparel product is being used, (3) to identify attributes that are predictors of perceived quality at expectation stage and at the post-purchase evaluation stage, and (4) to propose a model for consumers' perceptions of apparel quality;Five focus group ...


Swing Manager Selection In Fast Food Restaurants , Michael T. Machatton Jan 1992

Swing Manager Selection In Fast Food Restaurants , Michael T. Machatton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The objectives of the present study were to (a) develop an interview procedure for selection of fast food restaurant swing managers that would be valid, reliable, and usable, and (b) determine the personal, situational, and business characteristics that best predict swing manager performance. Instrument development and pilot testing were conducted in Iowa with the assistance of a six-person advisory panel. The developed instrument, the Swing Manager Selection Guide (SMSG), used structured interview questions and pre-interview performance review data to assign numerical scores to all candidates for swing manager positions;Field testing was conducted in Wisconsin over a 1-year period with ...


Correlates Of Filial Responsibility Among Malay Families In Selangor, Malaysia , Tengku Aizan Binti Tengku Abdul Hamid Jan 1992

Correlates Of Filial Responsibility Among Malay Families In Selangor, Malaysia , Tengku Aizan Binti Tengku Abdul Hamid

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Using a combination of attachment and obligation theories, this study focuses on the factors that correlate with filial responsibility among Malay families in Selangor, Malaysia. Data for this study were derived from face-to-face interviews with 198 parents, aged 50 years and older, and 188 adult children, aged 18 years and older;Three filial responsibility models (filial expectation, filial maturity, and filial behavior) were estimated separately for parents, mothers, and fathers, as well as for children, daughters, and sons;Filial expectation was related positively to filial reverence in the parents combined model, negatively with marital status, and positively with religiosity and ...