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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

1985

Discipline
Institution
Keyword

Articles 1 - 30 of 68

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Disequilibrium In The U.S. Dairy Industry: Two Approaches To Analyzing Regional Responses To Policy Changes, R. Q. Grafton Jan 1985

Disequilibrium In The U.S. Dairy Industry: Two Approaches To Analyzing Regional Responses To Policy Changes, R. Q. Grafton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Stimulus Variables Influencing Conditioned Suppression Of Copulatory Behavior In Male Rats , Connie Lee Blythe Jan 1985

Stimulus Variables Influencing Conditioned Suppression Of Copulatory Behavior In Male Rats , Connie Lee Blythe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Male rats received an ip injection of lithium chloride (LiCl, .3 M 20 mg/kg) after each of eight 5-min exposures to an inaccessible estrous female rat (Group E-LiCl). Conditioned suppression of copulatory behaviors was observed when these male rats were subsequently given access to receptive females. Comparable suppression was observed in male rats that received LiCl after each exposure to inaccessible nonestrous female rats (Group NE-LiCl), inaccessible male rats (Group M-LiCl), or contextual cues of the test chambers (Group NR-LiCl). Noncontingent injections of LiCl administered 24 hr after each exposure to an inaccessible estrous female rat did not affect ...


The Structure And Correlates Of Iowans' Attitudes About Farm Animal Welfare Issues: A Lisrel Approach , Judith Ann Linneman Jan 1985

The Structure And Correlates Of Iowans' Attitudes About Farm Animal Welfare Issues: A Lisrel Approach , Judith Ann Linneman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The "animal welfare movement" has been gaining impetus recently in Western Europe and the U.S. Concern about the moral status and treatment of animals in research laboratories and on confinement farms has brought increasing public activism, a burgeoning of animal welfare organizations, and legislative deliberations. Yet sociologists have failed to place the movement on their research agenda. Despite sociological relevance from a social movement perspective, the potential for farm animal welfare legislation that will impact the livestock industry lends the phenomenon special important for rural sociology;This study provides data on the status of the farm animal welfare issue ...


Economics Of Conservation Tillage And Soil Productivity In North Central Iowa: A Control Theory Approach , Carlos Alberto Ibañez-Meier Jan 1985

Economics Of Conservation Tillage And Soil Productivity In North Central Iowa: A Control Theory Approach , Carlos Alberto Ibañez-Meier

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major difficulty in the soil productivity issue is quantifying the user cost of soil erosion. Previous research has failed to answer the question of what soil is worth for crop production. The price of a unit of soil is a costate variable computed in this study by a deterministic optimal control model and found to range from 30.00 to 65.00 per cm. per acre in North Central Iowa, depending upon the tillage method and whether the farmland is managed by society, an owner, or a renter.;Another difficulty is the availability of data showing the long-term effects ...


Self-Awareness Theory And Decision Theory: A Theoretical And Empirical Integration , Karen Marie Bradburn Williams Jan 1985

Self-Awareness Theory And Decision Theory: A Theoretical And Empirical Integration , Karen Marie Bradburn Williams

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The literatures on self-awareness theories and decision theories were reviewed separately and then integrated for the purposes of: (a) exploring possible applications of self-awareness to improve decision making; and (b) for extending research in the area of self-awareness to a decision making task. An experimental study tested the implications of the theoretical integration. In particular, the study investigated the relationship between self-awareness, decision accuracy, and knowledge of decision processes. One hundred-twenty participants estimated the grade point averages of 100 stimulus students based upon five factors (gender, high school percentile, Drake University test scores, college, and undergraduate major). Participants were randomly ...


Family Symptomology As A Variable In Family Stress Research , James Richard Hulbert Jan 1985

Family Symptomology As A Variable In Family Stress Research , James Richard Hulbert

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research examines the variation in individual symptoms of family members and generates a categorical variable, family symptom type, from data. Theory concerning individual and family stress is used to set the stage for the empirical thrust of this research. Although many studies of individual stress processes have suggested the possibility of patterns of symptoms in stress response, few researchers in family stress have explored this phenomenon. The usefulness of the variable, family symptomology, to family stress research is explored. Demographic characteristics and stressor experience of families are examined for each symptom type to test whether or not these phenomena ...


Determining The Hedge Ratio When Cross-Hedging Corporate Bonds With U.S. Treasury Bond Futures Contracts, Susan Marie Schmitt Jan 1985

Determining The Hedge Ratio When Cross-Hedging Corporate Bonds With U.S. Treasury Bond Futures Contracts, Susan Marie Schmitt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Potential For Expanding Dairy Production In Intensively-Cropped Areas Of Sichuan Province, China, Jian-Chun Ma Jan 1985

The Potential For Expanding Dairy Production In Intensively-Cropped Areas Of Sichuan Province, China, Jian-Chun Ma

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Multitrait-Multimethod Comparison Of Two Social Interest Instruments In An Alcoholic Population , Thomas J. Peterson Jan 1985

A Multitrait-Multimethod Comparison Of Two Social Interest Instruments In An Alcoholic Population , Thomas J. Peterson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two instruments have been developed to measure social interest, the central concept of Adler's mature system. The purpose of the dissertation was to compare the validities of two measures, the Social Interest Index and the Social Interest Scale. The two primary analyses proposed were the multitrait-multimethod procedure and confirmatory factor analyses. It was hypothesized that both social interest instruments would display convergent and discriminant validity, have more of their total variance attributable to trait than method factors, and not correlate significantly with a measure of social desirability;Ninety-seven subjects were recruited from an alcohol inpatient treatment program at a ...


The Effect Of Experimenter's Warmth/ Coldness On Intrinsic Motivation, Phillip N. Guikema Jan 1985

The Effect Of Experimenter's Warmth/ Coldness On Intrinsic Motivation, Phillip N. Guikema

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Individuals may approach an activity with either intrinsic motivation. Extrinsic motivational orientations are characterized by simplicity and predictability. Intrinsic motivation is characterized by novelty, complexity, and challenge. Task noncontingent rewards, in contrast to task contingent rewards, have been found to maintain or foster increases in intrinsic interest in a task. One explanation of this effect is that additional nonspecific factors like the perceived warmth of the experimenter was positively correlated with the noncontingent reward condition. To test this assumption, second grade subjects played with a game of intermediate complexity in one of four conditions: "cold" instructor with contingent reward, "cold ...


An Investigation Of Effectiveness Of Three Methods Of Presentation Of Celebrity Endorsers On Product Recall And Product Image In Print Advertising, Christina. Mayers-Drumm Jan 1985

An Investigation Of Effectiveness Of Three Methods Of Presentation Of Celebrity Endorsers On Product Recall And Product Image In Print Advertising, Christina. Mayers-Drumm

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Towards A Typology Of The Ideology Of Left-Wing Terrorist Groups, Linda Ruth. Adams Jan 1985

Towards A Typology Of The Ideology Of Left-Wing Terrorist Groups, Linda Ruth. Adams

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Age, Income, Net Worth, Housing Quality And Satisfaction, Ethel Nellie Grant Jones Jan 1985

Age, Income, Net Worth, Housing Quality And Satisfaction, Ethel Nellie Grant Jones

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Objective Measures Of Elderly Women's Economic Well-Being , Jane Menninga Schuchardt Jan 1985

Objective Measures Of Elderly Women's Economic Well-Being , Jane Menninga Schuchardt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The overall purpose of this research was to investigate the economic position of elderly women. Two private mechanisms with potential effect on economic well-being for women--labor force attachment and financial support within the family structure--provided the basis for the research objectives: (1) to substantiate the impact of a women's labor force attachment on her contribution to personal economic well-being in retirement; and (2) to develop a model to predict the characteristics of an elderly woman as recipient of financial transfers from family members;The data were obtained from the 1979 wave of the Social Security Administration's Longitudinal Retirement ...


The Impacts Of Monetary Policies On Us Agriculture , S. Devadoss Jan 1985

The Impacts Of Monetary Policies On Us Agriculture , S. Devadoss

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The increased integration of the U.S. farm sector with the nonfarm sector, during the past decade, both domestically and internationally, led to significant implications for farm product prices, input costs, and farm income from developments in international and/or domestic economies. This is true, especially in light of the effects of exchange rates, interest rates, and inflation, all of which are influenced by macroeconomic policies and capital markets, on the farm sector. However, much of the literature in the area of macroeconomics of agriculture mainly focused on the linkage between exchange rates and agricultural commodity trade; relatively little attention ...


An Empirical Assessment Of The Comparable Worth Of University Professional And Scientific Positions , Janet Laura Kottke Jan 1985

An Empirical Assessment Of The Comparable Worth Of University Professional And Scientific Positions , Janet Laura Kottke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Comparable worth is reviewed as an approach to equalizing the wages of men and women. Two important aspects of comparable worth are discussed: Occupational segregation and job evaluation. Because occupational segregation has not significantly diminished over the course of history, comparable worth proponents have suggested that female-dominated jobs be paid at wages equivalent to those of comparably valued male-dominated jobs. Job evaluation is the technique which is used to determine job worth, a process requiring judgments in assigning values to work;This research investigated the comparable worth of one broad classification of positions within a university, the professional and scientific ...


A Stochastic Simulation Of The Impact Of Price Insulation Policies On World Wheat Market Stability , Ramatu Mahama Jan 1985

A Stochastic Simulation Of The Impact Of Price Insulation Policies On World Wheat Market Stability , Ramatu Mahama

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A nonspatial wheat trade model is developed for wheat. Stochastic simulation of the model is performed to determine the impact of insulated wheat markets in India, and the European Community, on the stability of world wheat prices. The effect of production variability in the Soviet Union on the stability of the world wheat market is also examined;The research shows widespread price intervention in world wheat trade, with price transmissions between world and domestic markets limited to only the United States, Canada, and Australia. A 79 percent reduction in production variability in the U.S.S.R. lowers U.S ...


Dichotomous Qualitative Response Models Of Federal Reserve Policy Adoption Utilizing Data Generated From A Vector Autoregression , David R. Hakes Jan 1985

Dichotomous Qualitative Response Models Of Federal Reserve Policy Adoption Utilizing Data Generated From A Vector Autoregression , David R. Hakes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A monetary policy reaction function was developed from a theoretical model of Federal Reserve policy adoption. This reaction function was then estimated as a linear probability model and as a probit probability model over various subperiods from February 1953 to May 1985. The objectives of monetary policy were specified as forecasts of growth in output, price stability, unemployment, and international balance. These forecasts were generated from a vector autoregression model;The data were divided into subperiods according to three schemes in order to test three hypotheses. First, the data were divided into subperiods corresponding to the chairmenships of the Board ...


What Do Physicians Want?: An Examination Of Physician's Use Of Psychological Consultation And Referral , Elizabeth Ann Kalb Jan 1985

What Do Physicians Want?: An Examination Of Physician's Use Of Psychological Consultation And Referral , Elizabeth Ann Kalb

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Psychology has shown increased involvement in the health care system yet suffers from a lack of knowledge regarding the nature and workings of this system and, conversely, the health care system lacks knowledge about the nature and workings of psychology. The physician's perception of psychology is seen as particularly important since he or she may serve as a significant "gatekeeper" for the psychologist in the health care sector. This exploratory investigation was designed to gather baseline information regarding physicians' attitudes towards and use of the psychologist for referral and consultation in health care. A selected group of physicians from ...


The Demand For Teachers By Public School Districts Under Three Different Market Structures , David S. Pate Jan 1985

The Demand For Teachers By Public School Districts Under Three Different Market Structures , David S. Pate

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A data set consisting of pooled cross-sectional and time series data is used to examine the demand for teachers by public school districts under three separate treatments of the supply side of the markets. The data describe Maryland public school districts for the 1955-1956 through 1979-1980 school years;School districts are assumed to maximize the average educational services produced per student given their budget for current educational expenditures. An educational production function, one argument of which is the teacher-student ratio, describes the production of these educational services;The demand for teachers is first estimated under the assumption that school districts ...


The Effect Of Relaxation Of Interstate Banking Restrictions On The Probability Of Bank Failures And The Expected Value Of Fdic Liabilities , Donald John Bisenius Jan 1985

The Effect Of Relaxation Of Interstate Banking Restrictions On The Probability Of Bank Failures And The Expected Value Of Fdic Liabilities , Donald John Bisenius

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The relaxation of interstate banking restrictions would allow small and medium-sized banks the opportunity to alter the composition of their loan portfolios. The issue addressed in this research is what affect this would have on the banks' riskiness. While the variance of asset returns is commonly used to measure risk from an investor's perspective, it is not the best measure of social risk. Two alternative measures of social risk, the probability of bank failure and the expected value of payout by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) are investigated. It is demonstrated that these risk measures are not always ...


Policy Capturing Analyses Of Factors Influencing Decisions To Seek Professional Counseling , Deborah Jean Bushway Jan 1985

Policy Capturing Analyses Of Factors Influencing Decisions To Seek Professional Counseling , Deborah Jean Bushway

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Previous research addressing mental health help seeking has been largely descriptive. In addition, these descriptions tended to focus on the help seeker and/or the type of help sought. The present study sought to validate previous research regarding the existence of four variables which influence a decision to seek counseling: (1) threat or problem severity, (2) perceived potential for loss of self reliance, (3) perceived external stigma, and (4) information and expectations about counseling;Subjects responded to a series of vignettes in which these four variables were manipulated. Demographic data and a self-esteem score were also gathered;Two hypotheses were ...


How Individuals Construe Occupations: A Validation Study Of A Career Grid , Robert George Hay Jan 1985

How Individuals Construe Occupations: A Validation Study Of A Career Grid , Robert George Hay

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A version of Kelly's (1955) repertory test adapted to career choice, the career grid, was administered to 206 undergraduates. In the grid procedure, subjects rated the potential of 10 occupational choices to satisfy 10 career values. Six measures were derived from the grid which were intended to describe the way people decide among preferences. The most well-known of the grid measures was a variant of cognitive complexity. Others included the mean and standard deviation of occupational ratings, and conflict among career values as well as two measures of the agreement between implicit and explicit use of career values. Test-retest ...


Family Farming: Persistence, Decline Or Transformation ? , Curtis Warren Stofferahn Jan 1985

Family Farming: Persistence, Decline Or Transformation ? , Curtis Warren Stofferahn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation presents a review of three major Marxist perspectives concerning the future of family farming as a form of simple commodity production and presents and tests a revised perspective within the context of Iowa agriculture. Data for the analysis come from quinquennial censuses of Iowa agriculture for the years 1940-1982;The dissertation follows the three article format. The first paper proposes two processes which exploit simple commodity producers: (1) the production of absolute surplus-value through the formal subsumption of their commodified labor and (2) the production of relative surplus-value through the real subsumption of their commodified labor. Under this ...


The Influence Of Credit Policies On Agricultural Sector Income And Exports For Greece, Helen Theodoropoulos Jan 1985

The Influence Of Credit Policies On Agricultural Sector Income And Exports For Greece, Helen Theodoropoulos

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Potential Development Of Dairy Production In Sichuan Province, China, Shihua Pan Jan 1985

Potential Development Of Dairy Production In Sichuan Province, China, Shihua Pan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Grain Embargoes: Criteria For Success And Failure, Donald Louis Sazdanoff Jan 1985

Grain Embargoes: Criteria For Success And Failure, Donald Louis Sazdanoff

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Monetary Policies In A Small Open Economy: The Case Of The Netherlands Antilles, Armand Louis Stanley Piqué Jan 1985

Monetary Policies In A Small Open Economy: The Case Of The Netherlands Antilles, Armand Louis Stanley Piqué

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Use Of Interest Rate Futures By Agricultural Banks, Mark John Bowman Jan 1985

The Use Of Interest Rate Futures By Agricultural Banks, Mark John Bowman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Indicators And Characteristics Of Financially Stressed Iowa Farm Operators: A Multivariate Approach, Nancy E. Barickman Jan 1985

Indicators And Characteristics Of Financially Stressed Iowa Farm Operators: A Multivariate Approach, Nancy E. Barickman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.