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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Effect Of Error Codes On Second Language Writing, Mike Gilligan Jan 2008

The Effect Of Error Codes On Second Language Writing, Mike Gilligan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study focused on the ability of ESL students to revise their grammatical errors and produce more accurate writing in the future based on error codes. As the researcher, I analyzed the writing over time of four different students who received error codes. I examined three error types for three of the subjects, and two errors types for the fourth subject. The error types included verb errors, preposition errors, determiner errors and plural/singular confusion errors. I analyzed these errors to determine the correction ability and accuracy on future writing of the students.;The subjects were 4 males, two from ...


The Role Of Recasts In The Interactions Of Native-Speakers Of English With Korean English Language Learners, Hyunjung Lee Jan 2008

The Role Of Recasts In The Interactions Of Native-Speakers Of English With Korean English Language Learners, Hyunjung Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study partially replicates that of Braidi (2002). Like the original, it investigates occurrences and use of recasts, that is, reformulations of incorrect utterances, in relation to the number of grammatical errors in conversations of NSEs (Native Speakers of English) and NNSEs (Nonnative Speakers of English) and examines whether different types of tasks can affect the occurrences and use of recasts. In contrast to many previous studies, I examine here the occurrences of recasts in non-instructional interactions between NSEs and NNSEs.;Five dyads of American teaching assistants and Korean graduate students at Iowa State University participated in performing two different ...


An Exploratory Study Of Language And Nonlanguage Factors Affecting Nonnative Undergraduate Students' Reaction To International Teaching Assistants, Edna De Freitas Lima Jan 2008

An Exploratory Study Of Language And Nonlanguage Factors Affecting Nonnative Undergraduate Students' Reaction To International Teaching Assistants, Edna De Freitas Lima

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates whether language and nonlanguage factors affect international undergraduates' perceptions of international teaching assistants (ITAs). Fifty-five students enrolled in first-year composition classes listened to a short lecture under one of three guises related to nationality of the speaker and rated the lecture and the speaker based on eight response variables. Results indicate that the information provided to participants about the nationality of the speaker did not influence their perception of both lecture and speaker. However, when participants' variables were analyzed, statistically significant results were found for two response variables: accent and speaker likeability. The results for accent indicate ...


An Exploratory Study Of Computer Assisted Language Learning (Call) Glosses And Traditional Glosses On Incidental Vocabulary Learning And Spanish Literature Reading Comprehension, Thomas Michael Lage Jan 2008

An Exploratory Study Of Computer Assisted Language Learning (Call) Glosses And Traditional Glosses On Incidental Vocabulary Learning And Spanish Literature Reading Comprehension, Thomas Michael Lage

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The following is an exploratory study investigating the difference in the incidental vocabulary learning (or recall) of Spanish vocabulary while reading for comprehension. A secondary area of investigation is the influence of learner characteristics on gloss access. High-intermediate/low-advanced Spanish students from two sections of the same Spanish course at an American university participated in this study. One group of participants was provided traditional English marginal glosses to the left of the reading while the second group of students was provided with computer-assisted language learning (CALL) glosses. The participants took three constructed response vocabulary post-tests in the following three weeks ...


Early Twentieth-Century Avant-Garde Book Design: An Agentive Vehicle For Social Change, Shannon Kelly Proulx Jan 2008

Early Twentieth-Century Avant-Garde Book Design: An Agentive Vehicle For Social Change, Shannon Kelly Proulx

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The increasing dominance of visual communication puts pressure on professional communicators and students of rhetoric to understand the nature of the scopic regime and how competing ways of seeing affect communication networks and the societies they serve. This document focuses on the attempts of the early twentieth-century avant gardists to profoundly shift social realities by challenging the scopic regime of their time through book design. Their attempts to seize agency through aesthetics failed to directly enact a new social order, but the avant gardists succeeded in establishing the necessary visual grammars for new ways of visually presenting information, including the ...


Academic Research And Public Policy: Rhetorical Lessons From The Sophonow Inquiry, Tosh Tachino Jan 2008

Academic Research And Public Policy: Rhetorical Lessons From The Sophonow Inquiry, Tosh Tachino

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is a language-based case study that examines the relationship between academic research and public policy to understand the role of language and rhetoric in how academic research influences public policy. Using one Canadian public inquiry (the Sophonow Inquiry) that clearly resulted in policy uptake of research, this study examines the manner in which academic knowledge and discourse enter public policy, the rhetorical transformation of these knowledge and discourse, and the relevant rhetorical and discourse factors that facilitate policy uptake of research. The analysis in this dissertation reveals that circulation of knowledge and discourse from academic research to public ...


Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication Between Foreign Language Learners And Prospective Teachers, Mehmet Sahin Jan 2007

Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication Between Foreign Language Learners And Prospective Teachers, Mehmet Sahin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Technology has proven itself as a valuable contribution to educational practices when used in a pedagogically sound manner. In this quasi-experimental study using the Interaction Hypothesis as a theoretical framework, 11 intermediate college-level learners of French and Russian and prospective language teachers had six 30-minute synchronous online chat sessions completing communicative tasks. Using a mixed-methods approach, both quantitative and qualitative data were included in the analysis. The study provides evidence for the positive effect of synchronous computer-mediated communication on second language vocabulary acquisition and prospective teachers' professional development, and underlines the importance of scaffolding in online environments. Vocabulary gains of ...


The Use Of Linking By Native And Non-Native Speakers Of American English, Ghinwa Alameen Jan 2007

The Use Of Linking By Native And Non-Native Speakers Of American English, Ghinwa Alameen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the evidence for the use of the phenomenon of linking, or connected speech modifications, for native speakers of American English (NS) and non-native speakers (NNS) of English. In a speech production experiment which seeks to replicate and examine in more detail the set of experiments reported in Hieke (1984) and Anderson-Hsieh, Riney & Koehler (1994), reading and spontaneous speech performance from two groups of beginning-proficiency (BP) and intermediate-proficiency (IP) non-native speakers of English is compared to that of five NSs of American English. Results indicate that, while BP and IP participants link their words significantly less often than ...


The Influence Of The Grammatical Structure Of L1 On Learners' L2 Development And Transfer Patterns In Esl Academic Writing: A Comparative Study (A Case Of Chinese And Czech Speakers), Anna P. Kosterina Jan 2007

The Influence Of The Grammatical Structure Of L1 On Learners' L2 Development And Transfer Patterns In Esl Academic Writing: A Comparative Study (A Case Of Chinese And Czech Speakers), Anna P. Kosterina

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates whether the grammatical structure of learner's first language (L1) plays a role in English as a second language (L2) development and can result in transfer into L2 writing. The study aims to find patterns of language use and error in learners of English as a second language with respect to their native language by studying a corpus of writings produced by such learners. The main focus of the study is on examining the manually annotated part of the section C of the Longman Learners' Corpus (LLC) corpus (http://www.longman-elt.com/dictionaries/corpus/llcotn.html) which ...


Mexican Immigrants Learning Science In Rural America: A Case Study Of A 9th Grade Science Classroom, Edna Monica Lopez Ceballos Jan 2007

Mexican Immigrants Learning Science In Rural America: A Case Study Of A 9th Grade Science Classroom, Edna Monica Lopez Ceballos

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This is a qualitative case study that attempts to document the challenges immigrant students faced in schools where teachers are not prepared for them. Hopefully, the information this study provides will help stakeholders, policy makers, administrators and teachers better understand the culture and linguistic background, and school experiences of Mexican immigrant students. It addresses the efforts a science teacher makes to integrate his content area instruction of science with the students' particular English language needs to complete tasks in 9th grade science.


Micro Level Impacts Of Foreign Language Test (University Entrance Examination) In Turkey: A Washback Study, Aliye Karabulut Jan 2007

Micro Level Impacts Of Foreign Language Test (University Entrance Examination) In Turkey: A Washback Study, Aliye Karabulut

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The way standardized tests affect teaching and learning is usually called backwash in educational arena and washback in Applied Linguistics. The purpose of this study is to find out whether the foreign language examination---university entrance test---influences the way teachers teach and students learn in senior three classrooms (the last grade of high school) in Turkey. Secondary goal is to see the outcomess of teaching to the test and attitudes of different stakeholders towards the test and senior three English teaching in general.;The data were collected through online surveys, and participants comprise of four major groups. Senior three high school ...


A Corpus-Based Study Of Mandative Subjunctive Triggers In Published Research Articles, Pamela Jo Pearson Jan 2007

A Corpus-Based Study Of Mandative Subjunctive Triggers In Published Research Articles, Pamela Jo Pearson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This corpus-based investigation of the mandative subjunctive (MS) (Quirk & Greenbaum, 1973) explored the structure as it co-occurred in published research articles with 10 lexical items previously identified as MS triggers (Overgaard, 1995; Peters, 1998; Crawford & Albakry, 2004): ask, demand, direct, insist, order, propose, recommend, request, require and suggest. Through a variety of quantitative (frequency, form and pattern) and qualitative (function) analyses, the present study examined the use of these lexical items in a corpus of published research articles (≈1.75 million words) by authors in four academic disciplines (Applied Linguistics, Biology, Business and Electrical & Computer Engineering) with the purpose of identifying the discourse factors that contribute to the triggering of the MS structure in academic writing as its main objective.;Results of the quantitative analyses revealed that when functioning as verbs, the majority of these lexical items infrequently co-occurred with that-clauses in the corpus; and, of the 1337 instances that did co-occur with a that-clause, only 50 (3.74%) contained a subjunctive verb form. In the qualitative analysis, 24 of the MS structures (48%) were found to be used to call for a particular action (Peters, 2004) or propose a potential course ...


A Corpus Study Of Move Functions In Collection Letters, Scott D. Hanel Jan 2007

A Corpus Study Of Move Functions In Collection Letters, Scott D. Hanel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study looks at the collection letter as business correspondence consisting of specific moves that function together to persuade debtors to pay the agreed-upon amount that is legitimately owed to the creditor. In addition to that primary purpose, there is a secondary purpose which is to retain the goodwill and business relationship with the debtor. Based on prior literature and actual observations, the collection letter consists of at least three distinct stages which are referred to in the study as the initial, the intermediate and the demand stages. The study explores the functional and rhetorical approaches that are found at ...


The Effects Of Computer-Mediated Interaction In L2 Vocabulary Learning, Soh Youn Kim Jan 2006

The Effects Of Computer-Mediated Interaction In L2 Vocabulary Learning, Soh Youn Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the effects of a computer-mediated (CM) interaction task on university level ESL learners' lexical development while doing collaborative dialogues using MSN instant messenger in non-native student to non-native student (NNS-NNS) dyads. Specifically, the study examined the learners' interaction by looking at MSN messenger scripts to find the negotiation routines. Also, the mean pre-test and two post-test scores were compared to assess the acquisition of new lexical items. This study investigated whether the learners used an online dictionary and whether they selected the most appropriate words in the given context. The participants were 10 (6 male, 4 female ...


Faster, Normal Or Slower?: The Effects Of Speech Rates On High-Intermediate Esl Learners' Listening Comprehension Of Academic Lectures, Fushun Le Jan 2006

Faster, Normal Or Slower?: The Effects Of Speech Rates On High-Intermediate Esl Learners' Listening Comprehension Of Academic Lectures, Fushun Le

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to 1) identify whether three speech rates (SR) (normal, faster and slower) have different effects on high-intermediate ESL learners' listening comprehension of academic lectures, and if so, to determine which SR is the most beneficial to the learners' comprehension; and 2) to identify learners' perception of SRs and reasons for lecture incomprehensibility. Eleven international students were asked to listen to three long academic lectures on unfamiliar topics and answer multiple choice comprehension questions, which was followed by a brief survey of their perception of the SR appropriateness and lecture difficulty. The original SRs of ...


The Discursive Coding Of Software: A Study Of The Relationship Between Stability And Change, Jennifer Helene Maher Jan 2006

The Discursive Coding Of Software: A Study Of The Relationship Between Stability And Change, Jennifer Helene Maher

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Software has become an integral part of most people's everyday lives. Though discussions of software in the field of rhetoric have traditionally taken an instrumentalist approach that seeks to increase the effective use of software, a critical turn has established the need to examine the ideological signification of software. I argue that one way we can do so is to examine the social practices that symbolically constitute software to reveal how software is discursively coded, and how, consequently, users of software are themselves discursively coded. To this end, I examine the discourse of those primarily responsible for the design ...


Motivation And Acquisition Of Pronunciation In Efl Students In El Salvador, Christian Enrique Meléndez Jan 2006

Motivation And Acquisition Of Pronunciation In Efl Students In El Salvador, Christian Enrique Meléndez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the effect of pronunciation instruction and motivation in the acquisition of second language pronunciation in EFL students in El Salvador. Eighteen participants were given a pronunciation pre-test and a post-test. They received 20 minutes of pronunciation training each day for fifteen days. The training focused on the pronunciation of two different English sounds, /[O with line through the middle]/ and /-ed/ endings for the past of the regular verbs. The participants also completed a self-report motivation questionnaire containing nine different variables. Three different statistical analyses were used to analyze the data collected: paired t-tests, Cronbach's Alpha ...


Self-Representations And Power Relations In Peer Review Interactions: A Case Study Of Two International Students In A Composition Class, Lavinia Hirsu Jan 2006

Self-Representations And Power Relations In Peer Review Interactions: A Case Study Of Two International Students In A Composition Class, Lavinia Hirsu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Peer review is a commonly used activity in cross-cultural composition classes; however, little research has investigated how NNSEs' (non-native speakers of English) self-perceptions and power relations reflect and are reflected in their peer discourse, more exactly in the use of social-interactional strategies and personal stance. In this microethnographic study, I followed two NNSEs working in dyads with two different peers (a native and a non-native speaker of English) for a rhetorical analysis assignment in a cross-cultural composition class. First I distributed a survey to the six participants in order to determine their perceptions of previous and hypothetical peer interactions, and ...


Patterns Of Adverbial Stance Marking In United Nations Political Discourse: A Corpus-Based Study, Adrian Florea Jan 2006

Patterns Of Adverbial Stance Marking In United Nations Political Discourse: A Corpus-Based Study, Adrian Florea

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


This And These As Pronouns And Determiners: A Corpus-Based Study Of Published Academic Research Articles, Bethany Dianne Ekle Gray Jan 2006

This And These As Pronouns And Determiners: A Corpus-Based Study Of Published Academic Research Articles, Bethany Dianne Ekle Gray

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Weaving Technology In The Design Of Learning Experiences In World Language Teacher Education: The Development Of A Cognitive Tool, An Instructional Device And An Exploration , Julio César Rodríguez Jan 2006

Weaving Technology In The Design Of Learning Experiences In World Language Teacher Education: The Development Of A Cognitive Tool, An Instructional Device And An Exploration , Julio César Rodríguez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation constitutes a first step toward improving our understanding of how better and more sophisticated uses of technology in the context of world language teacher education (WLTE) can be achieved. This work includes (a) the design and development of a prototype of a cognitive tool intended to support the design of language learning experiences; (b) an article that advocates project-based learning (PBL) as a powerful instructional device to support sophisticated learning experiences in WLTE; and (c) the exploration of conceptual and interactual aspects of said cognitive tool. Chapter 2, "Project-based learning: A promising pathway to technology integration in world ...


The Impact In-Class Activities In An Academic Communication Skills Class For International Teaching Assistants (Itas) Have On Avoiding Miscommunication In An Out-Of-Class Simulated Office Hour, Elizabeth Clare Tremmel Jan 2005

The Impact In-Class Activities In An Academic Communication Skills Class For International Teaching Assistants (Itas) Have On Avoiding Miscommunication In An Out-Of-Class Simulated Office Hour, Elizabeth Clare Tremmel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Mental Verbs "Think" And "Believe" In Authorial Evaluative "That" Statements: A Corpus Study Of Four Academic Disciplines, Brenda Kathlene Daisy Jan 2005

The Mental Verbs "Think" And "Believe" In Authorial Evaluative "That" Statements: A Corpus Study Of Four Academic Disciplines, Brenda Kathlene Daisy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Field Dependence/ Field Independence: How Do Students Perform In Call-Based Listening Activities?, Mónica Stella Cárdenas-Claros Jan 2005

Field Dependence/ Field Independence: How Do Students Perform In Call-Based Listening Activities?, Mónica Stella Cárdenas-Claros

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Second Language Needs Analysis In The Workplace: A Case Study Of Hispanic Immigrant Manufacturing Workers, Silke Tietjens Wettergren Jan 2005

Second Language Needs Analysis In The Workplace: A Case Study Of Hispanic Immigrant Manufacturing Workers, Silke Tietjens Wettergren

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Where Are The Latinos?: Improving Representation At Metropolitan Community College In South Omaha, Nebraska, Erin Eileen Joy Jan 2005

Where Are The Latinos?: Improving Representation At Metropolitan Community College In South Omaha, Nebraska, Erin Eileen Joy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Fluency Through Friends: Authentic Video, Subtitle Modification, And Oral Fluency, Christopher Mark Rozendaal Jan 2005

Fluency Through Friends: Authentic Video, Subtitle Modification, And Oral Fluency, Christopher Mark Rozendaal

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Variations In Interactional Modifications In Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication (Cmc) Between Different Tasks Among Indonesian Non-Native Speakers (Nnss) Of English, Neny Isharyanti Jan 2005

Variations In Interactional Modifications In Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication (Cmc) Between Different Tasks Among Indonesian Non-Native Speakers (Nnss) Of English, Neny Isharyanti

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Research Into The Use Of Help Options In A Multimedia Listening Unit, Maja Grgurović Jan 2005

Research Into The Use Of Help Options In A Multimedia Listening Unit, Maja Grgurović

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated learner behavior and performance in a CALL multimedia listening activity which offered a video and two textual help options - a lecture transcript and subtitles in cases of comprehension breakdowns. In particular, the study examined and compared the learners' use of two help options by looking at the time and frequency of interaction with help. The study aimed to identify and compare possible patterns of participants' interaction with help options as well as investigate possible differences between participants at two proficiency levels. The participants in the study were eighteen ESL college students at the intermediate level of listening ...


Functions Of "Shell Nouns" As Cohesive Devices In Academic Writing: A Comparative Corpus-Based Study, Rahime Nur Aktas Jan 2005

Functions Of "Shell Nouns" As Cohesive Devices In Academic Writing: A Comparative Corpus-Based Study, Rahime Nur Aktas

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study compares the functions of abstract nouns previously defined as "shell nouns" (Schmid, 2000) to create cohesion in academic texts written by professional published authors and international graduate students. To make this comparison, two corpora of research papers, one by international graduate students and one by published authors, were collected from 6 different academic disciplines (Art and Design, Biology, Computer Science, Economics, Environmental Engineering, and Physics and Astronomy). The 35 shell nouns (Hinkel, 2004) were investigated in order to find out the frequency patterns in both corpora. The six shell nouns identified as the most common ones in the ...