Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Instructional Media Design

Articles 1 - 30 of 139

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

An Exploratory Study Of Computer Assisted Language Learning (Call) Glosses And Traditional Glosses On Incidental Vocabulary Learning And Spanish Literature Reading Comprehension, Thomas Michael Lage Jan 2008

An Exploratory Study Of Computer Assisted Language Learning (Call) Glosses And Traditional Glosses On Incidental Vocabulary Learning And Spanish Literature Reading Comprehension, Thomas Michael Lage

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The following is an exploratory study investigating the difference in the incidental vocabulary learning (or recall) of Spanish vocabulary while reading for comprehension. A secondary area of investigation is the influence of learner characteristics on gloss access. High-intermediate/low-advanced Spanish students from two sections of the same Spanish course at an American university participated in this study. One group of participants was provided traditional English marginal glosses to the left of the reading while the second group of students was provided with computer-assisted language learning (CALL) glosses. The participants took three constructed response vocabulary post-tests in the following three weeks ...


Faculty And Student Experiences With Clickers: A Qualitative Exploration Of Engaging Students In Higher-Level Thinking, Jennifer Ann Diers Jan 2008

Faculty And Student Experiences With Clickers: A Qualitative Exploration Of Engaging Students In Higher-Level Thinking, Jennifer Ann Diers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research has shown that personal response systems, or clickers, are motivating and engaging for students in higher education. This phenomenological, qualitative study focuses on the exploration of the experiences of faculty and students using personal response systems in the college classroom. An understanding of instructor and student experiences with clickers is provided. In addition, the manner in which this sample of instructors is implementing clickers in their classrooms is compared to Bloom's taxonomy of cognitive domains. Instructors view the clicker as an evolving strategy that improves their teaching, increases student engagement and attendance, and makes classroom teaching more fun ...


The Effect Of Leads On Cognitive Load And Learning In A Conceptually Rich Hypertext Environment, Pavlo D. Antonenko Jan 2007

The Effect Of Leads On Cognitive Load And Learning In A Conceptually Rich Hypertext Environment, Pavlo D. Antonenko

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this experiment was to determine whether leads affect cognitive load and learning from conceptually rich hypertext. Measures of cognitive load included self-report of mental effort, reading time, and event-related desynchronization percentage of alpha, beta, and theta brain wave rhythms. Conceptual and structural knowledge tests, as well as a recall measure were used to determine learning performance. Measures of learners' reading ability, prior knowledge, and metacognitive awareness were employed to establish the effect of individual differences on cognitive load and learning from traditional and lead-augmented hypertext. Results demonstrated that while leads appeared to reduce brain wave activity associated ...


Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication Between Foreign Language Learners And Prospective Teachers, Mehmet Sahin Jan 2007

Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication Between Foreign Language Learners And Prospective Teachers, Mehmet Sahin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Technology has proven itself as a valuable contribution to educational practices when used in a pedagogically sound manner. In this quasi-experimental study using the Interaction Hypothesis as a theoretical framework, 11 intermediate college-level learners of French and Russian and prospective language teachers had six 30-minute synchronous online chat sessions completing communicative tasks. Using a mixed-methods approach, both quantitative and qualitative data were included in the analysis. The study provides evidence for the positive effect of synchronous computer-mediated communication on second language vocabulary acquisition and prospective teachers' professional development, and underlines the importance of scaffolding in online environments. Vocabulary gains of ...


Evaluation Of Virtual Reality Snowplow Simulation Training, Christopher Michael Masciocchi Jan 2007

Evaluation Of Virtual Reality Snowplow Simulation Training, Christopher Michael Masciocchi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The effectiveness of virtual reality snowplow simulator training for current Iowa Department of Transportation employees was examined. Operators received approximately two hours of training, which included several drives in a driving simulator designed to emulate a snowplow. Performance on a test scenario was compared for operators who had received this training versus those who were trained after the test scenario. Participants also completed a variety of personality and training questionnaires designed to measure personality tendencies, as well as their opinions of training and the realism of the simulator. Responses to these questionnaires were generally positive: operators reported that the features ...


Clean Coal Rhetoric: Engaging The Public On Informal Education Websites About Science And Technology, David M. Niedergeses Jan 2007

Clean Coal Rhetoric: Engaging The Public On Informal Education Websites About Science And Technology, David M. Niedergeses

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Some scientific and technological problems require public engagement. Engagement, defined in this situation as a level of interest or investment that fosters changing attitudes and behavior, can be achieved through informal education websites that present scientific arguments to a general audience. These websites function as boundary objects between the scientific community and the general public, noticeably affecting the audience's attitudes and opinions about the science in question.;This study focuses on several website elements stimulating engagement on two informal education websites that present clean coal technology, an advanced effort to increase the efficiency of coal power while capturing coal ...


Participatory Instructional Design: A Contradiction In Terms?, Rema Nilakanta Jan 2006

Participatory Instructional Design: A Contradiction In Terms?, Rema Nilakanta

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is an inquiry into the apparent absence of participatory approaches in instructional design (ID). It explores the question "what happens when ID becomes participatory?" with the help of three articles. The first article proposes a new approach in ID called Participatory ID, which incorporates principles and techniques of participatory design (PD), a software design approach that calls for genuine user involvement in the design, development, implementation, and maintenance of educational technology. Article 2 explores the feasibility of such an approach in higher education by studying an authentic case of participatory design and development of an electronic portfolio system ...


The Effects Of Computer-Mediated Interaction In L2 Vocabulary Learning, Soh Youn Kim Jan 2006

The Effects Of Computer-Mediated Interaction In L2 Vocabulary Learning, Soh Youn Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the effects of a computer-mediated (CM) interaction task on university level ESL learners' lexical development while doing collaborative dialogues using MSN instant messenger in non-native student to non-native student (NNS-NNS) dyads. Specifically, the study examined the learners' interaction by looking at MSN messenger scripts to find the negotiation routines. Also, the mean pre-test and two post-test scores were compared to assess the acquisition of new lexical items. This study investigated whether the learners used an online dictionary and whether they selected the most appropriate words in the given context. The participants were 10 (6 male, 4 female ...


Strategic Planning In Community College Information Technology: A Delphi Study Of Model Programs , Todd Prusha Jan 2006

Strategic Planning In Community College Information Technology: A Delphi Study Of Model Programs , Todd Prusha

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Technology infusion at the community college involves decision making for a multitude of audiences and factors. Advances in technology, students with disparate needs, faculty with varying degrees of technological skills, network security threats, infrastructure costs and competition are contributing to a new reality for community college presidents and CIOs. Careful planning is needed on the part of community college leaders to focus technology resources and training opportunities. The plan must address the needs of the entire community college;In this study community colleges with proven interest and leadership in using technology for innovative college curriculum and services were identified and ...


An Assessment Of The Effectiveness Of Interaction In Distance Education Based On Student Satisfaction With The Learner-Centered Paradigm , Shu-Hui Hsieh Chang Jan 2006

An Assessment Of The Effectiveness Of Interaction In Distance Education Based On Student Satisfaction With The Learner-Centered Paradigm , Shu-Hui Hsieh Chang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined whether there were relationships between students' perceptions of course-related interaction and their course satisfaction within the learner-centered paradigm in distance education. To study these relationships, the researcher developed the Students' Perceived Interaction Survey (SPIS) to examine nine separate hypotheses about the nature of course-related interaction. The variables tested included: student-instructor interaction, student-TA interaction, student-student interaction, student-content interaction, gender, academic classification, students' prior experiences with distance education in a partially online class setting, students' prior experiences with distance education in an entirely online class setting, and students' perceptions of the effectiveness of WebCT features in helping them learn ...


Remediating The Professional Classroom: The New Rhetoric Of Teaching And Learning , David Dean Fisher Jan 2006

Remediating The Professional Classroom: The New Rhetoric Of Teaching And Learning , David Dean Fisher

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The incarnation of many Internet-based courses is informed by traditional notions of classroom instruction, in which course/content management systems (CMSs) like WebCT and Blackboard are used to reproduce actions undertaken in brick-and-mortar classrooms. In this dissertation I argue that the way in which the CMS is configured and deployed can provide students with the sense that they are immersed in a social activity other than taking a college course. Elaborating on simulation-building methodologies, I show how we have created a CMS called MyCase that helps classroom instructors evoke and immerse students in discourse-demanding situations within several disciplines. This sense ...


This And These As Pronouns And Determiners: A Corpus-Based Study Of Published Academic Research Articles, Bethany Dianne Ekle Gray Jan 2006

This And These As Pronouns And Determiners: A Corpus-Based Study Of Published Academic Research Articles, Bethany Dianne Ekle Gray

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Weaving Technology In The Design Of Learning Experiences In World Language Teacher Education: The Development Of A Cognitive Tool, An Instructional Device And An Exploration , Julio César Rodríguez Jan 2006

Weaving Technology In The Design Of Learning Experiences In World Language Teacher Education: The Development Of A Cognitive Tool, An Instructional Device And An Exploration , Julio César Rodríguez

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation constitutes a first step toward improving our understanding of how better and more sophisticated uses of technology in the context of world language teacher education (WLTE) can be achieved. This work includes (a) the design and development of a prototype of a cognitive tool intended to support the design of language learning experiences; (b) an article that advocates project-based learning (PBL) as a powerful instructional device to support sophisticated learning experiences in WLTE; and (c) the exploration of conceptual and interactual aspects of said cognitive tool. Chapter 2, "Project-based learning: A promising pathway to technology integration in world ...


Synopsis Laboratory Reports: Effects On Student Learning And Curricular Benefits , David William Hoffa Jan 2006

Synopsis Laboratory Reports: Effects On Student Learning And Curricular Benefits , David William Hoffa

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Can a succinct "synopsis" laboratory report format provide students with an equivalent learning experience to the lengthier, introduction/results/conclusion, "traditional" laboratory report format? A convenience sample of 56 Iowa State University industrial technology students was randomized into two groups; one was required to write five synopsis reports followed by four traditional reports and the other was required to write five traditional reports followed by four synopsis reports. No statistically significant differences in exam scores were discovered (at the □ = 0.05 level) between students who wrote synopsis reports and those who wrote traditional reports when analyzed with the Latin Square ...


Instructional Computer Use By Coe Faculty In Turkey: Application Of Diffusion Of Innovations Theory , Ismail Sahin Jan 2006

Instructional Computer Use By Coe Faculty In Turkey: Application Of Diffusion Of Innovations Theory , Ismail Sahin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this quantitative research study was to explore instructional computer use by faculty members in the College of Education (COE) at an Anatolian university in Turkey. The faculty members in the study reported low levels of use and expertise in instructional computer technologies. Variables that were analyzed for their influence with regard to the faculty members' use of computers for instructional purposes included demographic characteristics, computer expertise, computer access, barriers to computer access, attitude toward computer use, support for computer use, and adopter categories based on innovativeness. Variables that were found to be significantly correlated with faculty members ...


The Relationship Between Learner Characteristics And The Perception Of Distance Learning And Satisfaction With Web-Based Courses , Sami Sahin Jan 2006

The Relationship Between Learner Characteristics And The Perception Of Distance Learning And Satisfaction With Web-Based Courses , Sami Sahin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Distance education and web-based courses are now mainstream in the U.S. higher education involving over 80% of four year public universities and growing (NCES, 2003). This study investigated the relationships between students' characteristics and their perception of web-based learning and satisfaction with distance learning in five Web-based undergraduate biology courses in a Midwestern university. This quantitative study surveyed 279 students and used multivariate statistical techniques. The online survey combined Kolb's (1984) Learning Styles Inventory and Walker's (2003) Distance Education Learning Environment Survey plus demographic questions. The study found that the three dimensions of Moore's Transactional Distance ...


Computer-Mediated Communication In Higher Education: An Exploration Of Knowledge Construction , Mustafa Tuncay Saritas Jan 2006

Computer-Mediated Communication In Higher Education: An Exploration Of Knowledge Construction , Mustafa Tuncay Saritas

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Constructivist theories about knowledge construction emphasize that knowledge construction is more powerful and meaningful when it is actively built up by students through engaging in equilibrated exchanges and experiencing cognitive disequilibrium. From this perspective, knowledge construction is thought to be effective in learning environments where intense interactive discussions can take place, deeply held values are shared, and complex issues examined from multiple perspectives (Harasim, 1990). Computer-mediated communication, more specifically computer conferencing systems (CCS), has captured the interest of educators as an ideal tool to create this type of learning environment, featuring active, participative, and reflective learning;This study developed a ...


Integration Of Technology Into The Instructional Practice Of New Teachers: Case Studies Of Beginning Teachers' Use Of Technology , Jon Michael Clausen Jan 2005

Integration Of Technology Into The Instructional Practice Of New Teachers: Case Studies Of Beginning Teachers' Use Of Technology , Jon Michael Clausen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to investigate how two first-year teachers use technology with their students. Each teacher was encouraged to use technology with students at different times in their development as teachers. One teacher participated in Iowa State University's PT3 grant project as a member of the TechCo cohort and began her career at a traditional elementary school. The second teacher was not a member of the PT3 cohort, but began her career at a school that had been a partner with Iowa State University's PT3 grant project. A case study analysis of these teachers investigated ...


An Instructor's Viewpoint: Incorporating Interaction In Web-Based Training, Julie M. Summers Jan 2005

An Instructor's Viewpoint: Incorporating Interaction In Web-Based Training, Julie M. Summers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify the role an instructor's pedagogical philosophy has on the development of online courses. Of specific interest was the inclusion of interaction, as interaction is generally perceived to influence the learning experience. The development and maintenance of an online course is a substantial task. Institutions take different approaches to providing support for the development of online courses. This study also explored how the level of institutional support impacted the instructor's design process.;Educational research has endorsed the benefits of using interaction in face-to-face and web-based settings. Results from this study indicated ...


Problem-Based Learning In An On-Line Biotechnology Course , James Daniel Cheaney Jan 2005

Problem-Based Learning In An On-Line Biotechnology Course , James Daniel Cheaney

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Problem-based learning (PBL) is a pedagogical tool that uses a "real world" problem or situation as a context for learning. PBL encourages student development of critical thinking skills, a high professional competency, problem-solving ability, knowledge acquisition, the ability to work productively as a team member and make decisions in unfamiliar situations, and the acquisition of skills that support self-directed life-long learning, metacognition, and adaptation to change. However, little research has focused on the use of PBL in on-line "virtual" classes. We conducted two studies exploring the use of PBL in an on-line biotechnology course. In the first study, ethical, legal ...


New Media Rhetoric And The Attention Economy: Creating A Material Space For The Humanities In The Emerging Technological Structures Of The 21st Century University , Anthony P. Ellertson Jan 2005

New Media Rhetoric And The Attention Economy: Creating A Material Space For The Humanities In The Emerging Technological Structures Of The 21st Century University , Anthony P. Ellertson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This portfolio dissertation, comprised of three articles, seeks to clarify some of the trends and possibilities now open for new media communication by focusing on the material realities of the Web. New media and composition scholars are struggling with the materiality of digital technologies and their implications for pedagogy and literacy, often taking a materialist turn to understand them. The first article presents lessons, theories, student work, and students' interpretations of their work in an attempt to open a discussion on the material goals behind multimodal rhetorical practice. The second article presents a multimodal case study, which examines the creation ...


Field Dependence/ Field Independence: How Do Students Perform In Call-Based Listening Activities?, Mónica Stella Cárdenas-Claros Jan 2005

Field Dependence/ Field Independence: How Do Students Perform In Call-Based Listening Activities?, Mónica Stella Cárdenas-Claros

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Variations In Interactional Modifications In Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication (Cmc) Between Different Tasks Among Indonesian Non-Native Speakers (Nnss) Of English, Neny Isharyanti Jan 2005

Variations In Interactional Modifications In Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication (Cmc) Between Different Tasks Among Indonesian Non-Native Speakers (Nnss) Of English, Neny Isharyanti

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Research Into The Use Of Help Options In A Multimedia Listening Unit, Maja Grgurović Jan 2005

Research Into The Use Of Help Options In A Multimedia Listening Unit, Maja Grgurović

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated learner behavior and performance in a CALL multimedia listening activity which offered a video and two textual help options - a lecture transcript and subtitles in cases of comprehension breakdowns. In particular, the study examined and compared the learners' use of two help options by looking at the time and frequency of interaction with help. The study aimed to identify and compare possible patterns of participants' interaction with help options as well as investigate possible differences between participants at two proficiency levels. The participants in the study were eighteen ESL college students at the intermediate level of listening ...


Functions Of "Shell Nouns" As Cohesive Devices In Academic Writing: A Comparative Corpus-Based Study, Rahime Nur Aktas Jan 2005

Functions Of "Shell Nouns" As Cohesive Devices In Academic Writing: A Comparative Corpus-Based Study, Rahime Nur Aktas

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study compares the functions of abstract nouns previously defined as "shell nouns" (Schmid, 2000) to create cohesion in academic texts written by professional published authors and international graduate students. To make this comparison, two corpora of research papers, one by international graduate students and one by published authors, were collected from 6 different academic disciplines (Art and Design, Biology, Computer Science, Economics, Environmental Engineering, and Physics and Astronomy). The 35 shell nouns (Hinkel, 2004) were investigated in order to find out the frequency patterns in both corpora. The six shell nouns identified as the most common ones in the ...


Virtual Reality In The K-12 Classroom , Sylvia K. Tiala Jan 2005

Virtual Reality In The K-12 Classroom , Sylvia K. Tiala

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores the effectiveness of VR as an instructional tool in formal educational settings. Three manuscripts each deal with a different aspect of integrating virtual reality into a middle/high school classroom;Although, there are no plug-and-play virtual reality solutions currently available to the K-12 teacher, there are easy ways to teach concepts related to VR. The first article discusses the hardware, software, resources and concepts needed to integrate Desktop VR into the technology classroom with a minimal investment of resources;The second article reports results from a study comparing traditional, model and virtual reality teaching environments. These environments ...


The Iowa Chemistry Education Alliance, Icea: Process And Product , Kathleen Annette Burke Jan 2005

The Iowa Chemistry Education Alliance, Icea: Process And Product , Kathleen Annette Burke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Iowa Chemistry Education Alliance, ICEA, supported by Department of Education Star Schools funding (R203F5000198), was both a Process and a Product.;The Process included: (a) Design and support of high school teacher training sessions that incorporated distance learning techniques, cooperative learning and guided inquiry strategies, and a constructivist, student-centered classroom focus; (b) Design and incorporation of eight supplemental learning modules, corresponding assessment rubrics, and supporting videotapes into the existing Iowa high school chemistry curriculum; (c) Adaptation of the learning modules throughout the course of the academic year while the units were being integrated into the existing curriculum; (d) Modification ...


Impact Of Available Interactivity Options On Student Learning And Discussions In Online Physics Courses , Deanna L. Snyder Poudel Jan 2005

Impact Of Available Interactivity Options On Student Learning And Discussions In Online Physics Courses , Deanna L. Snyder Poudel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Community colleges are offering more online courses to meet the demands of the students they serve. To make these courses effective learning experiences, instructors are trying to utilize technologies and strategies to bring distance students into a virtual community where learning can best take place. This study examines the impact of adding a virtual class lecture/discussion and virtual office hours to two online physics courses offered through an urban community college. Two different courses were taught with two sections each. One section of each course added the virtual sessions for up to 4 hours per week. Effects studied include ...


Examining The Use Of Computer Simulations To Promote Learning Of Electrochemistry Among College Students , Han-Chin Liu Jan 2005

Examining The Use Of Computer Simulations To Promote Learning Of Electrochemistry Among College Students , Han-Chin Liu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

When computer simulations are popular in helping students understand chemistry in today's classrooms, it is important to realize how instructional use of computer simulations affects students' understanding of science. This dissertation centers around the impact of the use of computer simulations on college students' learning. Chapter 1 generally addresses the background and the significance of the research topics. Chapter 2 reviews the literature from research that studied the factors that affect the use of computer simulations in helping students learn science. Learners were found to understand science theories better with descriptions and explanations presented in both verbal and visual ...


Effects Of Images On The Incidental Acquisition Of Abstract Words, Anne O'Bryan Jan 2005

Effects Of Images On The Incidental Acquisition Of Abstract Words, Anne O'Bryan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recently, research has investigated whether glossing individual vocabulary words in a reading text with multimedia annotations-either with text, video, or still images- helps students learn the individual items, and therefore improve comprehension (Chun, Plass, 1996; Al-Seghayer, 2001). The studies, which are built around the assumption that students can learn better and more efficiently when information is presented in more than one mode, revealed a positive correlation between imagery and vocabulary acquisition. However, most studies focusing on teaching vocabulary incidentally with multimedia annotations annotated only the more concrete words which can easily be portrayed using still images or video. Research attempting ...