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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Right Of Access, The Right To Hear, And The Right To Speak: Applying First Amendment Theories To The Network Neutrality Debate, Sarah Carpenter Barrow Jan 2008

The Right Of Access, The Right To Hear, And The Right To Speak: Applying First Amendment Theories To The Network Neutrality Debate, Sarah Carpenter Barrow

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Scholarship on the network neutrality debate has focused primarily on economic and technological arguments for or against regulation to protect the Internet's open and democratic qualities. Concerned that congressional discussion is similarly two-dimensional, this thesis examines the First Amendment concerns in the debate. Following Moran Yemini's 2007 paper, a matrix of possible First Amendment claims on the Internet is created. Legal case analysis identifies which of these claims are supported by Supreme Court precedent. The only potential First Amendment challenge to neutrality regulation would be broadband service providers' (BSPs') claim that the regulation infringed on their editorial rights ...


Why Taiwanese Students Use Instant Messaging: A Uses And Gratifications Approach, Ko-Jung Chen Jan 2008

Why Taiwanese Students Use Instant Messaging: A Uses And Gratifications Approach, Ko-Jung Chen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this study was to investigate the gratifications Taiwanese students sought and obtained from Instant Messaging use (IM). This study also examined the relationship among gratifications Taiwanese students obtained, gender, and their frequency of IM use. A 13-motivation with 37 statements scale derived from previous uses and gratifications studies is presented along with the demographic information as an instrument to determine Taiwanese students' gratifications from IM use. The participants were 406 undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral college students, who are the primary users of this new interactive communication technology. The results indicated there were 10 gratifications sought (Flexibility, Escape ...


"I Hope To Share My Struggles, My Successes, And Everything In Between": A Rhetorical Study Of Health Blogs, Marcy Deborah Leasum Jan 2008

"I Hope To Share My Struggles, My Successes, And Everything In Between": A Rhetorical Study Of Health Blogs, Marcy Deborah Leasum

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Many patients who are experiencing a serious illness need a way to express their emotions and continue their everyday lives. For some patients, one outlet is through a health blog. Health blogs allow these individuals to share their emotions about their illness through narrative and with a wide audience over the Internet.;The visual and textual elements of health blogs work together to create an identity that is unique to each blogger. As these visual and textual elements combine, one can see the narratives emerge. Through these narratives, the bloggers persuade both themselves and others that they can to some ...


Influence Of Media On Physiological Arousal, Kelsey Ryder Jan 2008

Influence Of Media On Physiological Arousal, Kelsey Ryder

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The influence of gender, violent media exposure, sexual media exposure, and sexual attitudes on physiological response to media was examined. A total of 34 participants (16 male and 18 female) were included in the final sample. Participants completed a measure of violent and sexual media exposure and the Beliefs About Preventing AIDS (BAPA) measure. Participants were shown movie clips with varying subject matter while their physiological arousal (heart rate and skin conductance) was recorded. Gender, media exposure, and sexual attitudes were not significant predictors of physiological response to violent and sexual media. Males and females did not differ on any ...


Impacts Of Mass Media Coverage Of The Economy During Normal Times And Recessions On The Index Of Consumer Confidence Using Time Series Analysis And Granger Causal Analysis, Lishan Su Jan 2008

Impacts Of Mass Media Coverage Of The Economy During Normal Times And Recessions On The Index Of Consumer Confidence Using Time Series Analysis And Granger Causal Analysis, Lishan Su

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The level of consumer sentiment influences decision making of policy makers, and therefore it is important to examine if media have powerful impacts on consumer sentiment. Based on the theories of business cycles and second-level agenda-setting, this study applies Granger causal analysis and time series analysis to explore the causal relationships among economic reporting by media, consumer sentiment and the real state of the economy embodied in Business Week, the Index of Consumer Confidence (CCI) and the Standard & Poor's 500 (S&P 500). The results indicate that interpretation by media have only limited effects on the level of consumer ...


Greenpeace Cyberadvocacy: Message Strategies And The Framing Of The "Say No To Genetic Engineering" Campaign, Avril Adrianne B. De Guzman Jan 2008

Greenpeace Cyberadvocacy: Message Strategies And The Framing Of The "Say No To Genetic Engineering" Campaign, Avril Adrianne B. De Guzman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A content analysis was conducted to examine campaign message characteristics and the framing of genetic engineering (GE) in news articles published in sites dedicated to two countries with different policy stances toward GE---Australia (precautionary) and Philippines (permissive).;The findings show the intent to generate awareness and encourage information seeking among audiences. Logical reasoning that highlighted risks using negative appeals indicate latent and aware publics as target audiences. The Australian and Philippine sites showed spikes in news items published preceding the commercial release of GM crops. In both countries, biotechnology policy was the most dominant frame used. The Philippines used significantly ...


The Role Of Recasts In The Interactions Of Native-Speakers Of English With Korean English Language Learners, Hyunjung Lee Jan 2008

The Role Of Recasts In The Interactions Of Native-Speakers Of English With Korean English Language Learners, Hyunjung Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study partially replicates that of Braidi (2002). Like the original, it investigates occurrences and use of recasts, that is, reformulations of incorrect utterances, in relation to the number of grammatical errors in conversations of NSEs (Native Speakers of English) and NNSEs (Nonnative Speakers of English) and examines whether different types of tasks can affect the occurrences and use of recasts. In contrast to many previous studies, I examine here the occurrences of recasts in non-instructional interactions between NSEs and NNSEs.;Five dyads of American teaching assistants and Korean graduate students at Iowa State University participated in performing two different ...


Inter-Media Agenda-Setting Effects In Ghana: Newspaper Vs. Online And State Vs. Private, Etse Godwin Sikanku Jan 2008

Inter-Media Agenda-Setting Effects In Ghana: Newspaper Vs. Online And State Vs. Private, Etse Godwin Sikanku

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The influx of the worldwide web has brought about dynamism in the way news is formulated and reported. Over the years scholars have debated the key ingredients that influence news selection. At the bottom of this discussion rests the question: what is considered newsworthy? But an even more evolving question is: who sets the media agenda? This study argues that the news worthiness of print and online media or state and private media is based on inter-media agenda setting. It examines the inter-media agenda setting effects of four publications in Ghana-the Daily Graphic-a government controlled newspaper which has both print ...


Framing China: How U.S. Media Reported Eight U.S. State Visits By Top Chinese Leaders, Yao Chang Jan 2008

Framing China: How U.S. Media Reported Eight U.S. State Visits By Top Chinese Leaders, Yao Chang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examined ways in which eight Chinese leaders' state visits to the United States have been portrayed in terms of coverage and news framing in The New York Times, The Washington Post, Time, and Newsweek. This study included content analysis of both text and photos. It was expected that the content would match the underlying political and economic situations. However, results show coverage does not always fit into economic and political categories. Exceptions occurred when unexpected incidents took place such as protests in the Tiananmen Square Incident. Generally, text coverage was balanced, with positive and negative items in most ...


Effects Of Stereotypic Video Game Portrayals On Implicit And Explicit Attitudes, Muniba Saleem Jan 2008

Effects Of Stereotypic Video Game Portrayals On Implicit And Explicit Attitudes, Muniba Saleem

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Past research has demonstrated the negative effects of media stereotypes on implicit and explicit attitudes across various forms of media. Because video games are a relatively new form of media, there is almost no research on the influence of video game stereotypes on people's attitudes. The main goal of this study was to test the effects of negative video game stereotypes on implicit and explicit attitudes. The results indicated that negative video game stereotypes are associated with negative implicit attitudes but not negative explicit attitudes. Other results revealed influences of overall media stereotypes, sources of information about groups, direct ...


Interior Design Versus Interior Decoration: Evaluating The Public's Perception Of Design Television Shows, Jillissa Lynn Moorman Jan 2008

Interior Design Versus Interior Decoration: Evaluating The Public's Perception Of Design Television Shows, Jillissa Lynn Moorman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Interior Design is a field that greatly impacts society and the well being of the world's inhabitants. It is imperative to make sure that designs as well as students and professionals practicing interior design, impact society in a positive manner that are well received, emotionally, physically, and psychologically. But important questions to be asked are: how are designs perceived if the users are falsely educated about interior design? If the public is only educated about design through "design television" that has little or no credibility based on several factors such as entertainment demands, proper examination, education and experience of ...


An Online Support Group Intervention For Asian American Lesbian And Bisexual Women, Robyn Alycia Zakalik Van Brunt Jan 2008

An Online Support Group Intervention For Asian American Lesbian And Bisexual Women, Robyn Alycia Zakalik Van Brunt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study used a latent growth curve modeling approach to examine the effectiveness of online support group intervention on depressive symptoms and life satisfaction over time. A total of 83 Asian American lesbian and bisexual women were randomly assigned to participate in either a four-week online support group intervention or a no-intervention control group. Participation in the online support group intervention was found to predict higher levels of life satisfaction at post-intervention and those levels were maintained over the follow-up period. No differences were found for level or rate of change for depressive symptoms.;Three exploratory moderators were tested ...


Comparing Fashion Innovators And Non-Innovators' Characteristics And Perceptions Of Online Shopping: The Case Of Taiwan, Yitung Lo Jan 2008

Comparing Fashion Innovators And Non-Innovators' Characteristics And Perceptions Of Online Shopping: The Case Of Taiwan, Yitung Lo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined innovators and non-innovators in Taiwan. The study uses diffusion of innovations theory as theoretical framework, considering purchasing fashion items online as an innovation. Fashion innovators are a vital consumer group not only because their early purchase brings positive cash flow but also because their word-of-mouth legitimizations of new fashions.;This study compared fashion innovators and non-innovators' demographic characteristics, psychographic characteristics, media usage, online shopping behavior, and perceptions toward shopping fashion items online. The data used in this study were gathered by surveying undergraduate students in Taipei, Taiwan, and 318 questionnaires were used in statistical analysis.;The results ...


"Thin Is What We're Supposed To Be, Not What We're Supposed To Talk About": A Qualitative Study Of Pro-Eating Disorder Blogging Communities, Andrea M. Weare Jan 2008

"Thin Is What We're Supposed To Be, Not What We're Supposed To Talk About": A Qualitative Study Of Pro-Eating Disorder Blogging Communities, Andrea M. Weare

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates how and why an "underground" group pro-eating disorder bloggers formed a covert community on the Internet to share their emotions, offer each other support, and indulge in discussions of taboo eating practices and body image. Questions were posed during in-depth interviews with 10 participants.;The results show overwhelming agreement that the thin models the participants see in the media inspired them to lose weight. Mother and daughter relationships, as well as sister and friend interactions, played a significant role in the development and continuation of disordered eating. Their blogs provide a safe haven where they feel welcome ...


The Effect Of The Internet On The Civic Engagement And Voting Behavior Of Young Americans, Katherine Anne Mcnitt Jan 2008

The Effect Of The Internet On The Civic Engagement And Voting Behavior Of Young Americans, Katherine Anne Mcnitt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Election returns from 2004 show increased voter turnout amongst 18 to 29 year olds. Is this reversal symptomatic of a larger trend? This paper examines what, if any, connection exists between the Internet, civic engagement, and turnout of young citizens. I test the hypothesis that increased use of the Internet to obtain news and political information will have a positive effect on civic engagement and voter turnout.


Female Genital Mutilation: Multiple-Case Studies Of Communication Strategies Against A Taboo Practice, Kyung Sun Lee Jan 2008

Female Genital Mutilation: Multiple-Case Studies Of Communication Strategies Against A Taboo Practice, Kyung Sun Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examined female genital mutilation (FGM) in Africa and the global movement to eliminate the practice. Despite three decades of concerted efforts, behavior change of FGM-practicing population has been small. This thesis outlined international actions and how they influenced activities at the national and the local level.;A textual analysis of secondary sources revealed that the international community, guided by concerned UN organizations and large donor groups, define FGM as a violation of human rights and set a uniform goal to completely eliminate all forms of FGM. By coordinating actions not only at the international but also at the ...


The U.S. Broadcast News Media As A Social Arena In The Global Climate Change Debate, Adam Jeremy Kuban Jan 2007

The U.S. Broadcast News Media As A Social Arena In The Global Climate Change Debate, Adam Jeremy Kuban

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The continuous rise in carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that contribute to global climate change has been subjected to exiguous coverage and the competing claims of numerous sources cited in the broadcast news transcripts. This content analysis utilizes social arena theory to examine the coverage of network television news (ABC, CBS and NBC) about global climate change during the six-year period between January 2000 and December 2005. Results revealed that the networks' coverage of global climate change periodically augmented from a compilation of events, statements, scientific findings or ideas. Combined, the television networks consulted 250 sources in primetime newscasts ...


The Cyborg Is The Message: A Monstrous Perspective For Communication Theory, Katherine Anna Merrick Jan 2007

The Cyborg Is The Message: A Monstrous Perspective For Communication Theory, Katherine Anna Merrick

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Us Media And Foreign Policy Making: The Case Study Of The Us Media Coverage On Taiwan, Zhuo Sun Jan 2007

Us Media And Foreign Policy Making: The Case Study Of The Us Media Coverage On Taiwan, Zhuo Sun

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

How does the American press view Taiwan? It is my contention that in foreign policy, the press supports the government, and therefore, the US press echoes the US government. The acknowledgment of the media's political linkage provides a foundation for discussions on the relationship between the media and policy making. In order to answer the question of role of the press in foreign policy making in US with respect to Taiwan, there are three sub-questions I wish to examine: (1) what was American foreign policy toward Taiwan between the years of 1995-2005? (2) What was the attitude of the ...


An Evolution In Grid Structures: A Study For Conceptual Grid Structure Design, Valorie Michelle Brinson Jan 2007

An Evolution In Grid Structures: A Study For Conceptual Grid Structure Design, Valorie Michelle Brinson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Grid structures are intended to aid graphic designers by providing a foundation for consistent communication; however, the usage of grid structures is rapidly descending. Numerous designers have expressed concern regarding habitual layouts produced by traditional grid design, and many have discarded the grid altogether. Because the grid is an organizational device, which allows for easy collaboration and faster communication, it is important that it not be abandoned. Not only does this thesis examine the evolution of grid design, it also discusses its potential future. By establishing a methodological approach to create conceptually dynamic grid structures, non-traditional alternative grid solutions are ...


Socialest: An Application Of Mapping In Creation Of A Design Solution For User Driven Websites, John Vorwald Jan 2007

Socialest: An Application Of Mapping In Creation Of A Design Solution For User Driven Websites, John Vorwald

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Web 2.0 paradigm relies on the user to create content for websites. This creates volumes of information that is fed to other users. There is a concern that there can be a lack of credibility and relevance of information for the user. The goal for this study is to create a prototype Web 2.0 website that allows users to submit and organize information through cognitive mapping.;The prototype website uses aspects of Kevin Lynch's cognitive mapping to allow individual users to organize content as they see fit. Information graphic concepts from Edward Tufte are applied in ...


The Effects Of Advertisements Using The Endorsements Of Culturally-Congruent Spokespersons On Consumer Attitude And Purchase Intention, Mingxue Lu Jan 2007

The Effects Of Advertisements Using The Endorsements Of Culturally-Congruent Spokespersons On Consumer Attitude And Purchase Intention, Mingxue Lu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Of Decision-Making And Division Of Household Labor To Relationship Satisfaction, Tara Danielle Dekkers Jan 2007

The Relationship Of Decision-Making And Division Of Household Labor To Relationship Satisfaction, Tara Danielle Dekkers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The influence of the division of household labor and decision making on relationship satisfaction was examined. Equality in income and education between partners was also taken into consideration. Participants of this study consisted of 63 couples recruited from a community in the Midwest. The study used the Family Responsibility Index to measure the division of household labor, the Marital Decision Making Scale to measure decision-making, a subscale of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale to measure relationship satisfaction. The hypotheses were tested using correlations and regressions. Overall results suggest that equality in the division of household labor was found to have significant ...


The Power Of Touch During Communication Within Heterosexual Married Dyads, Joann C. Seeman Smith Jan 2007

The Power Of Touch During Communication Within Heterosexual Married Dyads, Joann C. Seeman Smith

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The literature on sex differences in nonverbal behavior is mixed. Some studies find differences in intimate relationships whereas others do not. One reason may be that no study has examined different measurements of touch in intimate couples and examined sex differences based on who chose the topic. The present study was designed to fill this gap in the research in regards to the assessment of touching behavior within married dyads and their possible expression of power moves by measuring seven different measurement of touch (i.e., overall touches, power touches, supportive touches, hand touches, non-hand touches, touches while talking, touches ...


Acting Globally, Thinking Locally: How Five Iowa Newspapers Developed News Content And Business Strategies For Online Delivery, Matt T. Neznanski Jan 2007

Acting Globally, Thinking Locally: How Five Iowa Newspapers Developed News Content And Business Strategies For Online Delivery, Matt T. Neznanski

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A comparative case study design is used to investigate the online strategies of five Iowa newspapers, including Web content, policy, and how the company evaluates success. The influence of the organization on strategy and Web model is also considered. The corporate structure of the cases ranges from a rural privately held weekly (circulation 4,212) to a regional employee-owned daily (circulation 64,062), to a statewide, chain-owned daily (circulation 154,268). Findings indicate that the newspapers investigated are transitioning from the early stages of online news delivery to more formal tactics regarding their online presence with early integration of the ...


Newspaper Coverage Of Genetic Modification Events In China, Thailand And The United States: A Cross-Cultural Analysis, Zheng Xiang Jan 2007

Newspaper Coverage Of Genetic Modification Events In China, Thailand And The United States: A Cross-Cultural Analysis, Zheng Xiang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study compares how the English-language newspapers in countries---China, Thailand and the US---covered two genetic modification cases. In China and the US, the topic analyzed was the genetic engineering of rice. In Thailand and the US, it was the genetic alteration of papaya.;Using the social amplification of risk framework, the hoopla effect, and framing, the intensity, the pattern and tone of this coverage, the sources cited, and the frames employed were determined. This was done through a content analysis of news articles.;The results showed that across nations, the scientific and economic frames were the most frequently used, except ...


The Influence Of Public Relations On News Coverage And Public Perceptions Of Foreign Countries, Hye Hyun Hong Jan 2007

The Influence Of Public Relations On News Coverage And Public Perceptions Of Foreign Countries, Hye Hyun Hong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to investigate (1) how government PR activities influence the image of that country in foreign media and publics; and (2) how the public perception of foreign countries is influenced by news coverage. Based on discussions on public diplomacy and second-level agenda-setting theory, this study hypothesized relationships among international public relations, news coverage of foreign countries, and public perceptions of foreign countries.;Secondary data were analyzed from the Foreign Agency Registration Act (FARA) report, and the results of the Chicago Council on Foreign Relations (CCFR) survey. Newspaper content analysis was also conducted to reveal the ...


"Iraq War Framing In South Korea": The Relationship Between Ideology And News Coverage Framing, Hyunyoung Ju Jan 2007

"Iraq War Framing In South Korea": The Relationship Between Ideology And News Coverage Framing, Hyunyoung Ju

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to analyze how South Korea newspapers framed the Iraq war through a content analysis according to the principles of war and peace journalism developed by Johan Galtung. This study examines the content analysis of 196 stories of the two newspapers that have different ideological characteristic, Hankyoreh and Chosun-ilbo, from January 20, 2003 to May 1, 2003.;Result of this study showed that there were difference between Hankyoreh and Chosun-ilbo. More specifically, the results of analysis suggest that Hankyoreh has a strong peace journalism frame, on the other hand, Chosun-ilbo has a strong war journalism ...


Media Influence On The Work Ethic Among The Baby Boom Generation, Jenny Lorna Herring Jan 2007

Media Influence On The Work Ethic Among The Baby Boom Generation, Jenny Lorna Herring

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Using cultivation theory, this qualitative study analyzed the influence of television in shaping the work ethic among members of the baby boom generation. It also probed the role of social, cultural and historical events, as well as personal experience, in shaping the work ethic and career paths. The results showed some cultivation effects, particularly in the definitions respondents held of the work ethic, and in feelings of low self worth during periods of unemployment. The study also found a strong cultivation effect in the childhood occupational dreams respondents had. The study found limited resonance effects based on the impact of ...


Chinese Media Coverage Of And Public Attitudes Toward The 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, Qing Ma Jan 2007

Chinese Media Coverage Of And Public Attitudes Toward The 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, Qing Ma

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates whether the Chinese media agenda---as reflected in the news items published in the Beijing and Shanghai news websites of sina.com.cn, the country's largest news site---is reflected in the public agenda or what Beijing and Shanghai residents consider to be the most important issues in the country over a four-month period. It also examined how China's hosting of the Olympic games ranked as a particular issue in the media agenda and its relationship with the issue's position in the public's list of the most important issues facing the nation. The correlation between ...