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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Marital Satisfaction And Psychological Well-Being In Clinical And Non-Clinical Samples, Jennifer Suzanne Perrin Jan 2008

Marital Satisfaction And Psychological Well-Being In Clinical And Non-Clinical Samples, Jennifer Suzanne Perrin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study examined depression, anxiety, marital satisfaction in individuals from a clinical sample and individuals from a community sample. Gender was also considered in this study. Participants of this study consisted of 268 individuals; this sample was divided between a clinical and non-clinical sample from a community in the Midwest region of the United States. The study used the Brief Symptom Inventory to measure the levels of depression and anxiety, and the Dyadic Adjustment Scale to measure marital satisfaction. The hypotheses were tested using factorial analysis of variance. Overall results suggest that depression and marital satisfaction significantly impact each other ...


Gay Men's Experiences Of Alaskan Society In Their Coupled Relationships, Markie Louise Christianson Blumer Jan 2008

Gay Men's Experiences Of Alaskan Society In Their Coupled Relationships, Markie Louise Christianson Blumer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Although it is true that male-male couples are more similar to rather than different from female-male couples, there are unique challenges and positive aspects for gay partnerships related to their existence in what continues to be a society of non-support. Little research exists on supportive and non-supportive experiences of gay males in society, particularly how these experiences affect their relationships, and information with regard to this topic is virtually non-existent in the remote state of Alaska. Therefore, this qualitative study, informed by constructionist frameworks, gave voice to eleven gay males currently involved in partnerships with a focus on exploring their ...


Predictors Of Loneliness In Gay, Lesbian, And Bisexual Youth, Michelle Leigh Johnston Jan 2008

Predictors Of Loneliness In Gay, Lesbian, And Bisexual Youth, Michelle Leigh Johnston

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined predictors of loneliness in a sample of 76 gay, lesbian, or bisexual (GLB) youth living in the Midwest. Participants completed measures to assess levels of gender nonconformity, outness, positive sexual identity, victimization, perceived campus climate, social support from family, social support from GLB peers, GLB community involvement, and loneliness. Results showed that GLB peer support was the strongest predictor of loneliness, with higher levels of support predicting lower levels of loneliness. Family support was a marginally significant predictor of loneliness. Contrary to predictions, no evidence was found that social support or positive sexual identity moderated the effects ...


The Effect Of Perceived Control And Stress On College Students' Willingness And Intention To Binge Drink, Ross Edward O'Hara Jan 2008

The Effect Of Perceived Control And Stress On College Students' Willingness And Intention To Binge Drink, Ross Edward O'Hara

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The current study investigated the effect of perceived control and stress on binge drinking cognitions (i.e., willingness and intention to binge drink). College students (N = 158) were randomly assigned to a high stress (delivering a speech) or low stress (writing an essay) condition and answered items regarding their willingness and intention to binge drink (counter-balanced as a between-subjects factor). While completing the questionnaire, participants were exposed to an aversive auditory stimulus; the ability to mute the stimulus was randomly assigned to manipulate perceived control.;It was hypothesized that high stress would elicit an increase in binge drinking cognitions, and ...


Can Prosopagnosics Discriminate Similar, Non-Face Objects?, Jonathan Taylor Kahl Jan 2008

Can Prosopagnosics Discriminate Similar, Non-Face Objects?, Jonathan Taylor Kahl

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Casner (2006) tested the ability of a prosopagnosic, LB, to discriminate objects that would require the use of the coordinate relations recognition system posited by Cooper and Wojan. Casner reported that the prosopagnosic, LB, was impaired in coordinate relations tasks, but did not differ significantly from controls in all tasks that only required categorical recognition. However, Farah, Levinson, and Klein (1995) reported on a patient who was not impaired at discriminating eyeglasses, a task for which the coordinate relations hypothesis would predict an impairment. The present study replicated Farah et al.'s paradigm with the prosopagnosic, LB. One experiment found ...


The Role Of Life Meaning In Psychotherapy, Dawn M. Brandau Jan 2008

The Role Of Life Meaning In Psychotherapy, Dawn M. Brandau

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates the association between meaning in life and outcome in therapy. Most current studies examining meaning and mental health have not examined these variables in the context of the therapeutic relationship. As well as examining how meaning in life relates to level of functioning and well-being, this study collected data from clients undergoing therapy at two time periods to assess the association between clients' perceptions of their meaning in life and outcome in therapy. It was hypothesized that the presence of meaning in life would be positively related to well-being variables and negatively related to problems or psychological ...


Nonsexual Multiple Role Relationships, Attachment Style, And Perception Of The Counseling Situation And The Counselor, Irina Vladimirovna Diyankova Jan 2008

Nonsexual Multiple Role Relationships, Attachment Style, And Perception Of The Counseling Situation And The Counselor, Irina Vladimirovna Diyankova

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Professional discussion of nonsexual multiple role relationships (NMRR) has been extensive in the last fifteen years. However, only a few investigations have explored clients or former clients' views on NMRR. This analogue experimental study focused on the former clients' views on NMRR with mental health professionals. Additionally, associations between participants' attachment styles and their emotional and cognitive reactions to the counseling situations, as well as their perceptions of the counselor, were explored.;An experimental mixed 2 (multiple roles: accepted, declined) x 2 (gender: male, female) x 2 (type of multiple roles: social, professional) factorial design was used in this analogue ...


An Online Support Group Intervention For Asian American Lesbian And Bisexual Women, Robyn Alycia Zakalik Van Brunt Jan 2008

An Online Support Group Intervention For Asian American Lesbian And Bisexual Women, Robyn Alycia Zakalik Van Brunt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study used a latent growth curve modeling approach to examine the effectiveness of online support group intervention on depressive symptoms and life satisfaction over time. A total of 83 Asian American lesbian and bisexual women were randomly assigned to participate in either a four-week online support group intervention or a no-intervention control group. Participation in the online support group intervention was found to predict higher levels of life satisfaction at post-intervention and those levels were maintained over the follow-up period. No differences were found for level or rate of change for depressive symptoms.;Three exploratory moderators were tested ...


Gender Differences In Subject-Specific Academic Performance Predicted By Self-Efficacy And Interests Of 12th Grade Indian Students, Asha Stephen Jan 2008

Gender Differences In Subject-Specific Academic Performance Predicted By Self-Efficacy And Interests Of 12th Grade Indian Students, Asha Stephen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

While in the United States, more and more women are now entering the previously male-dominated science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) professions, not much vocational research on women in STEM careers has been conducted in India, where the traditionally patrifocal culture typically affords limited career choices and educational opportunities to women. This study used structural equation modeling (SEM) to assess potential gender differences in subject-specific self-efficacy, interests and academic performance of 316 high school students from a large city in India. The influence of other contextual factors such as tracking and parental education was also examined. Results indicated definite gender ...


Dyadic Spousal Experiences Of Alzheimer's Disease: Marital Satisfaction, Caregiver Burden, And Coping, Amber Joy Bergman Jan 2008

Dyadic Spousal Experiences Of Alzheimer's Disease: Marital Satisfaction, Caregiver Burden, And Coping, Amber Joy Bergman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to specifically examine three domains that affect a spousal relationship in the presence of the progressive deterioration associated with Alzheimer's disease. The three domains are marital satisfaction, caregiver burden, and coping strategies. The second purpose of this study was to explore the current resources that the spousal dyad is utilizing for the purpose of informing those who are new to the experience of working with this population. Understanding what resources these dyads are already using will allow those in the MFT field to better serve in the areas where resource voids still remain.


Experiential Self-Focus As A Facilitator Of Processing Interpersonal Hurt And As A Buffer In The Relationship Between Anger Rumination And Psychological Outcomes, Kelly Yu-Hsin Liao Jan 2008

Experiential Self-Focus As A Facilitator Of Processing Interpersonal Hurt And As A Buffer In The Relationship Between Anger Rumination And Psychological Outcomes, Kelly Yu-Hsin Liao

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study examined two writing conditions and interpersonal hurt. The results indicated that unforgiveness decreased over time in the experiential condition. Intrusive thoughts increased over time in the experiential and the control conditions. Unforgiveness, intrusive thoughts and benevolence did not differ between the two conditions. Negative affect decreased faster in the experiential group than the control group. Negative affect increased slower during follow-up sessions in the experiential condition. The results showed that writing served as a moderator. Benevolence increased during writing but decreased in the follow-up sessions among individuals with low anger rumination in the experiential condition. Benevolence significantly increased ...


Seeking Professional Help For An Eating Disorder: The Role Of Stigma, Anticipated Outcomes, And Attitudes, Ashley Hill Hackler Jan 2007

Seeking Professional Help For An Eating Disorder: The Role Of Stigma, Anticipated Outcomes, And Attitudes, Ashley Hill Hackler

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The perceived stigma, anticipated outcomes, and attitudes towards counseling may deter those with an eating disorder from seeking the help they need. Part 1 (N = 145) of a two-part study was conducted to examine the relationship between self-stigma and the anticipated outcomes (risks and benefits) associated with seeking counseling on attitudes toward counseling among those currently experiencing or at risk for an eating disorder. The results of multiple hierarchical regression analyses demonstrated that self-stigma, anticipated risks, and anticipated benefits significantly predicted attitudes towards seeking help for people with disordered eating. In addition, self-stigma had a stronger relationship with men's ...


Predicting Therapy Working Alliance Through Client Adult Attachment And Client Perceptions Of Therapist Behaviors, Scott Eugene Bair Jan 2007

Predicting Therapy Working Alliance Through Client Adult Attachment And Client Perceptions Of Therapist Behaviors, Scott Eugene Bair

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study explores the influence of adult attachment patterns on working alliance, presumed to share with the alliance construct several important conceptual elements such as bond. Although attachment in adults has been shown to have a strong relationship to working alliance, there is not complete convergence between the two concepts (Reis & Grenyer, 2004). It was expected that client perceptions of the therapy process itself may have a strong influence on working alliance as well, and may explain elements of the working alliance not accounted for by attachment. The relative weight of adult attachment and perceptions of therapy process were explored in regard to therapy outcome. In particular, supportive and confrontational behaviors by therapists are presumed to have relevance to both adult attachment patterns, measured using the Adult Attachment Questionnaire (ASQ; Feeney, Noller, & Hanrahan, 1994) and working alliance, measured using the Working Alliance Inventory-Short Form (WAI-S; Tracey & Kokotovic, 1989). To measure such a relationship, a scale of therapist support and confrontation was developed using principal components analysis, the Therapist Behavior Items (TBI), based on the therapist intentions work of Hill and O'Grady (1985). An established measure of session quality, the Session Evaluation Questionnaire (SEQ; Stiles, 1980; Stiles & Snow, 1984) was used for convergent validation of the concepts in the new scale. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that therapist behaviors of support were significant predictors of working alliance when controlling for demographics and other therapy variables, and that client reports of adult ...


Predicting Longitudinal Loneliness In Older Adults, Misty Lynne Skaff Jan 2007

Predicting Longitudinal Loneliness In Older Adults, Misty Lynne Skaff

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Loneliness has become a much researched topic during the past few decades, understandably so given the effects loneliness can have on individual's health and well-being. A better understanding of change in loneliness over time is needed in order to develop interventions to reduce overall levels of loneliness.;This study examined the predictors of both initial levels of loneliness and change in loneliness during three and six-year follow-up assessments of the Iowa portion of the Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly (EPESE; Cornoni-Huntley et al., 1986, 1990). The sample consisted of over 3,000 individuals over 65 years ...


Role Profiles: An Alternative Look At Personality In Couples Therapy, Hee-Sun Cheon Jan 2007

Role Profiles: An Alternative Look At Personality In Couples Therapy, Hee-Sun Cheon

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was twofold. First, it aimed to test the recently developed personality assessment, Role Profiles, for its validity in the form of convergent validity analysis and cross structure analysis guided by role theory in which Role Profiles is grounded. Second, this study explored Role Profiles' clinical implications by capturing participants' subjective experiences of this assessment.;Twenty couples recruited from the community completed the assessments, which included the Demographic Information form, the Rosenberg's Self-Esteem scale, the Dyadic Adjustment scale, and the Role Balance scale. Upon completion of the assessments, participants were asked to complete the Role ...


An Exploratory Look At Career Criminality, Psychopathy, And Offending Persistence: Convergence Of Criminological And Psychological Constructs?, Christine Marie Graeve Jan 2007

An Exploratory Look At Career Criminality, Psychopathy, And Offending Persistence: Convergence Of Criminological And Psychological Constructs?, Christine Marie Graeve

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There exists an abundance of literature on career criminality within criminology and psychopathy within psychology. However, relatively little effort has been made linking the constructs together. This thesis examines the influence of several potential determinants of career criminality, psychopathy, and persistent offending. Some of these potential determinants of these constructs include several psychological and sociological factors. The data (N = 2,486) used in this thesis were originally collected in 1964 and 1965 from young males entering the California Youth Authority (CYA) who were then studied for the next 20 years. Binary logistic regression was used to evaluate the effect of ...


Adjusted Actuarial Assessment Of Sex Offenders: The Impact Of Clinical Overrides On Predictive Accuracy, Kathleen Spencer Gore Jan 2007

Adjusted Actuarial Assessment Of Sex Offenders: The Impact Of Clinical Overrides On Predictive Accuracy, Kathleen Spencer Gore

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As evidenced by the passage of the Adam Walsh Act and the comprehensive media coverage of several high-profile cases, "The prediction of criminal behavior is perhaps one of the most central issues in the criminal justice system" (Andrews & Bonta, 1998, p. 211). Recent research has generally documented the superiority of actuarial prediction over clinical judgment in decision-making across various domains including risk assessment (Harris, et al., 1993; Grove & Meehl, 1996; Grove, et al., 2000). Several actuarial sexual recidivism risk assessment tools are now well-established (e.g. Static-99; RRASOR; SORAG; and MnSOST-R).;Despite this, Hanson (1998) noted that clinicians may still question the comprehensiveness of actuarial methods and "Those skeptical of actuarial predictions will always find reasons to adjust actuarial estimates" (p. 65). In response to this debate, many clinicians have argued ...


Comorbidity Of Alcohol Abuse And Depression: Exploring The Self-Medication Hypothesis, Reed Jeremy Robinson Jan 2007

Comorbidity Of Alcohol Abuse And Depression: Exploring The Self-Medication Hypothesis, Reed Jeremy Robinson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Extensive evidence exists to indicate that the comorbidity of alcohol dependence disorders and major depression occurs at a rate far exceeding that which one would expect from base rates alone. Self-medication is one theory as to why this type of comorbid combination may be over-represented. Self-medication can be defined as the conscious or unconscious tendency to drink alcohol (or use other drugs) in response to the experience of depressive symptoms. The theory holds that substance use can temporarily attenuate the negative experience of depression, and for this reason can be seen as a means of escape. Unlike successful treatment with ...


Adult Attachment, Dependence, Self-Criticism And Depression: A Test Of A Mediational Model, Amy Elizabeth Cantazaro Jan 2007

Adult Attachment, Dependence, Self-Criticism And Depression: A Test Of A Mediational Model, Amy Elizabeth Cantazaro

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether dependence and self-criticism are two mediators between attachment anxiety and avoidance and depression. Participants were 424 undergraduate students at a large Midwestern university. Data was analyzed using structural equation modeling. Results indicated that the relationship between attachment anxiety and depression was fully mediated by dependence and self-criticism while the relationship between attachment avoidance and depression was partially mediated by dependence and self-criticism. Moreover, about 49% of the variance in dependence was explained by attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance, 27% of the variance in self-criticism was explained by attachment anxiety and attachment ...


The Power Of Touch During Communication Within Heterosexual Married Dyads, Joann C. Seeman Smith Jan 2007

The Power Of Touch During Communication Within Heterosexual Married Dyads, Joann C. Seeman Smith

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The literature on sex differences in nonverbal behavior is mixed. Some studies find differences in intimate relationships whereas others do not. One reason may be that no study has examined different measurements of touch in intimate couples and examined sex differences based on who chose the topic. The present study was designed to fill this gap in the research in regards to the assessment of touching behavior within married dyads and their possible expression of power moves by measuring seven different measurement of touch (i.e., overall touches, power touches, supportive touches, hand touches, non-hand touches, touches while talking, touches ...


Young Children's Stories Of Love, Fear And Violence At Home: A Qualitative Analysis Of The Narrative Representations Of Maltreated Preschool Boys Diagnosed With Disruptive Behavior, Regulatory Dysfunction, Oppositional Defiant, Conduct And Anxiety Disorders, Jeffrey Ward Cheney Jan 2007

Young Children's Stories Of Love, Fear And Violence At Home: A Qualitative Analysis Of The Narrative Representations Of Maltreated Preschool Boys Diagnosed With Disruptive Behavior, Regulatory Dysfunction, Oppositional Defiant, Conduct And Anxiety Disorders, Jeffrey Ward Cheney

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research on early parent-child relationships has historically relied on direct observations of parent-child and family interactions and parental reports of child behavior. More recently, the representational approach to assessing children's development has demonstrated that children's perspectives provide a unique point of view into their attitudes, expectations, meanings, and feelings, and a window into their interpersonal experience of life. This research sought to understand young maltreated preschool boys' direct experience of caregiving though analysis of their play narratives and as such gain further insight into the early development of family dysfunction and psychiatric problems for this group of preschool ...


Effect Of Counselor Self-Disclosure Of Religious Similarity On Client Perception Of Empathy Within The Therapeutic Relationship: An Analogue Study, Scott P. Young Jan 2007

Effect Of Counselor Self-Disclosure Of Religious Similarity On Client Perception Of Empathy Within The Therapeutic Relationship: An Analogue Study, Scott P. Young

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This analogue study was intended to investigate the impact of a specific counselor intervention, self-disclosure, on therapeutic empathy and working alliance by exposing 189 participants from a large Midwestern university to one of four randomly assigned conditions featuring a sex-matched, simulated counseling interaction. Participants' video-stimuli ratings were analyzed by a series of planned comparisons and ANCOVAs.;Planned comparisons revealed that Working Alliance Inventory (WAI) ratings were significantly higher for the mean of the combined self-disclosure treatment groups than for the non-disclosure control and that mean WAI ratings for the matched religious self-disclosure condition were significantly higher than for the control ...


Self-Silencing As A Mediator And Moderator Of Adult Attachment And Disordered Eating Attitudes , Shannon Kellim Young Jan 2006

Self-Silencing As A Mediator And Moderator Of Adult Attachment And Disordered Eating Attitudes , Shannon Kellim Young

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study examined the mediating and moderating roles of self-silencing between adult attachment (anxiety and avoidance) and disordered eating attitudes. Participants were 221 female college students from a large Midwestern university. Survey data was analyzed using hierarchical multiple regression and the bootstrap procedure for testing the significance of indirect effects. For the mediation, the results indicated that self-silencing fully mediated the relation between attachment avoidance and disordered eating attitudes. Moreover, self-silencing partially mediated the relation between attachment anxiety and disordered eating attitudes. Specifically, the results showed significant positive relations between adult attachment (anxiety and avoidance) and self-silencing as well ...


Asian International Students' Ethnic Identity, Spirituality, Acculturation, And Experience Of Racism: Relationship With Attitude Toward Seeking Professional Therapeutic Help , Anthony D. Santiago Jan 2005

Asian International Students' Ethnic Identity, Spirituality, Acculturation, And Experience Of Racism: Relationship With Attitude Toward Seeking Professional Therapeutic Help , Anthony D. Santiago

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The number of international students continues to grow in the United States, especially students from the Asian continent. However, research continues to show that Asian international students tend to under-use therapeutic services, even though they experience many of the common problems that all students face entering college. Before mental health practitioners and therapists can effectively work with these students, they need to understand international students in terms of their attitudes toward seeking professional therapeutic help and various proximal variables that may influence their attitudes.;The present study examined the relationship between ethnic identity, spirituality, acculturation, and racism with attitudes toward ...


Online Counseling: Dynamics Of Process And Assessment , Michael John Mallen Jan 2005

Online Counseling: Dynamics Of Process And Assessment , Michael John Mallen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The rise in popularity and use of computer-mediated modes of communication such as email and synchronous chat have resulted in the potential for new delivery methods of mental health services. The present study investigated the dynamics of an initial counseling session held in a synchronous chat environment between therapists-in-training at various graduate programs across the country and a trained confederate posing as a client. Transcripts from the online sessions were analyzed to investigate therapist responses and interventions in the online environment. Therapists-in-training were also asked to respond to questions concerning their satisfaction with the experience, the relationship they were able ...


An Exploration Of The Current Involvement Of School Psychologists In Prevention Programming , Melissa Bernadine Cermak Jan 2005

An Exploration Of The Current Involvement Of School Psychologists In Prevention Programming , Melissa Bernadine Cermak

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

School psychologists have been seeking to identify the ways in which they can have the greatest impact on the schools, students, and families they serve, while expressing a desire to decrease their involvement in the role of "gate keepers" for special education. With recent reforms in education and health care and a growing awareness of the mental health needs of children and adolescents, school psychologists have been called to expand their roles, taking greater leadership in comprehensive systems of care. Prevention, particularly primary prevention, has been identified as a key area for role expansion, along with being a cost-effective means ...


An Examination Of The Relations Between Human Attachment, Pet Attachment, Depression, And Anxiety , Aaron Christopher Quinn Jan 2005

An Examination Of The Relations Between Human Attachment, Pet Attachment, Depression, And Anxiety , Aaron Christopher Quinn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The roles of pets in families and their positive impact on mood have been reported by some studies (Becker, 1999; Garrity, Stallones, Marx, & Johnson, 1989). Additionally, some research has found that the more attached humans are to their pets, the more they feel emotionally supported (Stammbach & Turner, 1999) and the greater the decrease in depressive symptoms (Garrity et al., 1989). In the United States approximately 57.9% of all households own a pet. Thus, more homes have a pet than do not (American Veterinary Medical Association, 1992). Given the size of the American pet population, many people have exposure to pets' potentially positive impact on mood. This study had multiple purposes as it sought to examine pet attachment and demographic variables, explore the pet attachment-human attachment connection, investigate human attachment as it related to anxiety and depression, and to investigate the relation of pet attachment to anxiety and depression.;The findings from this study indicate that pet attachment is significantly different based upon the type of pet, role of the pet, amount of money participants paid for the pet, where the pet is housed, sex of the owner, and income of the owner. This study also found that attachment anxiety was significantly different based on participants' marital status, and attachment avoidance was significantly different based upon income. The findings also indicate that the constructs of attachment ...


The Development Of The Revised Version Of The Educational Outcome Expectancy Scale , Brian Patrick Tilley Jan 2005

The Development Of The Revised Version Of The Educational Outcome Expectancy Scale , Brian Patrick Tilley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Lent, Brown, & Hackett's (1994) social cognitive career theory (SCCT) proposes that the three processing mechanisms that underlie the development of educational interests, persistence, and achievement are self efficacy (SE), outcome expectancies (OEs), and goal representations. The researcher had two goals for this paper: to revise a measure of educational outcome expectancies, the Educational Outcome Expectancy Scale-Revised (EOE-R; Springer, Larson, Tilley, & Gasser, 2001) and obtain initial validity and reliability estimates for the measure. The researcher conducted an exploratory factor analysis and provided reliability estimates. He also obtained estimates of convergent validity for the measure using a measure of college SE, the College Self-Efficacy Instrument (CSEI; Solberg, O'Brien, Villareal, & Kennel, 1993) and a measure of personality, the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (MPQ; Tellegen, 1982; Tellegen & Waller, in press). In addition, he obtained an estimate of criterion validity using a measure of satisfaction for college students, the Your First College Year measure (YFCY; Astin, 1993). The results supported a 23-item single-factor model with internal consistency of alpha = .93. The results also supported convergent and criterion validity estimates of the EOE-R with expected significant correlations with the CSEI, with some primary scales of the MPQ, and with the YFCY. The results supported the positive correlation between educational OE and college SE as theorized in SCCT and found in the literature. The results added to the relative lack of literature by supporting a relation between educational OE and some facets of personality. Finally ...


Concurrent Validity Of The 2004 Strong Interest Inventory: An Examination Of Gender And College Major , Courtney Elaine Gasser Jan 2005

Concurrent Validity Of The 2004 Strong Interest Inventory: An Examination Of Gender And College Major , Courtney Elaine Gasser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

To keep abreast of the advent of new occupations and majors, the 1994 Strong Interest Inventory (SII) was revised in 2004. This study examined the concurrent validity of the 2004 Strong Interest Inventory, primarily investigating the scales abilities to differentiate between different college majors for women. Discriminant analyses were used to examine the ability of the 41 scales of the SII to separate 31 college majors. Of the 41 scales, 39 scales were statistically significant in separating college majors for women. In addition, the utility of specific sets of scales and the cumulative ability of sets of SII scales to ...


The Effect Of Resource Adequacy On Depression Among Adolescent Mothers In Urban And Non-Urban Environments , Elaine M. Eshbaugh Jan 2005

The Effect Of Resource Adequacy On Depression Among Adolescent Mothers In Urban And Non-Urban Environments , Elaine M. Eshbaugh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In recent decades, scholars and politicians have debated the socioeconomic effects of adolescent pregnancy for individuals, families, and society. Pregnant and parenting adolescents often must cope with a lack of resources as they struggle to negotiate the tasks of motherhood and adolescence. Previous research has determined that young mothers have an increased rate of depression when compared to older mothers (Sarri & Phillips, 2004).;In this study, self-perceived resource adequacy, income, and education at approximately six months after birth were investigated as predictors of depression at approximately 14 and 36 months after birth in adolescent mothers (N = 523). It was hypothesized that increased ...