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Articles 1 - 30 of 53

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Congressional Receptivity To The Nixon Rationality On Drug Abuse Prevention, John D. Adriance Dec 1976

Congressional Receptivity To The Nixon Rationality On Drug Abuse Prevention, John D. Adriance

Master's Theses

In 1972 the Congress of the United States enacted the Drug Abuse Office and Treatment Act (D.A.O.T.A). The passage of this bill marked the first time in the 20th Century that the federal government had produced major legislation that would deal with drug abuse as a disease instead of a crime. Likewise, the enactment and signing of D.A.O.T.A. meant that Richard Nixon would be the first American President to have an executive office which would be charged with the mission of supervising our national effort against drug abuse. (These changes appeared on ...


Response Preferences Of Blacks And Roleplaying Whites To Affirmative Action Subscripts In Job Advertisements, Macdonald Dec 1976

Response Preferences Of Blacks And Roleplaying Whites To Affirmative Action Subscripts In Job Advertisements, Macdonald

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Powerlessness In America The Underdeveloped Homo-Faber Negro, Gibson Dec 1976

Powerlessness In America The Underdeveloped Homo-Faber Negro, Gibson

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Stable Baselines For Single-Subject Experiments, Brost Dec 1976

Stable Baselines For Single-Subject Experiments, Brost

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Oakland Drive Neighborhood City Of Kalamazoo, Michigan: A Study Of Neighborhood Planning, Freed Dec 1976

The Oakland Drive Neighborhood City Of Kalamazoo, Michigan: A Study Of Neighborhood Planning, Freed

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Signalled And Unsignalled Response-Independent Electric Shock On A Food Reinforced Baseline: The Effects Of Shock Intensity And Reinforcement Shock Pairings, Fontes Dec 1976

Signalled And Unsignalled Response-Independent Electric Shock On A Food Reinforced Baseline: The Effects Of Shock Intensity And Reinforcement Shock Pairings, Fontes

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Extrinsic Reinforcement On Previously Non-Reinforced "Preferred" Play Activities, Calou Dec 1976

The Effects Of Extrinsic Reinforcement On Previously Non-Reinforced "Preferred" Play Activities, Calou

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


A Faunal Analysis Of Five Woodland Period Archaeological Sites In Southwestern Michigan, Martin Dec 1976

A Faunal Analysis Of Five Woodland Period Archaeological Sites In Southwestern Michigan, Martin

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Self-Reinforcement In The Classroom: Assessing Efficacy, Durability, Prior History And Unmerited Self-Reward, Lewis Dec 1976

Self-Reinforcement In The Classroom: Assessing Efficacy, Durability, Prior History And Unmerited Self-Reward, Lewis

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Validation Of A Test Battery And Biographical Data Used To Select Key-Punch Operators, O'Toole Dec 1976

The Validation Of A Test Battery And Biographical Data Used To Select Key-Punch Operators, O'Toole

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


On The Analytic Foundations Of Behaviorism, Yaffe Dec 1976

On The Analytic Foundations Of Behaviorism, Yaffe

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Retention As A Function Of Transfer Paradign And Introversion-Extroversion, Glenna F. Hasslacher Aug 1976

Retention As A Function Of Transfer Paradign And Introversion-Extroversion, Glenna F. Hasslacher

Master's Theses

In an effort to investigate the effects of personality on paired-associate learning, sixty students from the Univer­ sity of Richmond were separated into three groups of extro­ vert, control, and introvert, on the basis of the Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI). Five Ss from each group were randomly assigned to four paired-associate learning conditions (A-Br, A-C, C-B, C-D) and required to learn an A-B and a second paired-associate learning list to a criterion of one perfect score. Subjects were required to return to the lab after 24 hours for a retention test of both the second list and the original A-B ...


A Three Step Strategy For Training A Beginning Teacher To Use Positive Social Reinforcement In The Classroom, Robert D. Morris Aug 1976

A Three Step Strategy For Training A Beginning Teacher To Use Positive Social Reinforcement In The Classroom, Robert D. Morris

Master's Theses

The purpose of the study was to measure the effectiveness of a three-step strategy designed to modify a classroom teacher's consequating behavior. In Step 1, a group contingency game was introduced into the classroom to reduce talk-outs and out-of-seats. In Step 2, the game was supplemented by observer instructions and feedback to the teacher concerning her consequating behavior. The purpose of the feedback was to increase teacher approval for appropriate behavior and to decrease teacher disapproval for inappropriate behavior. In Step 3, the group contingency game was removed but the teacher continued to receive feedback on her consequating behavior ...


The Effects Of Maternal Deprivation And Social Isolation On Later Social Dominance In The Albino Rat, Banning Aug 1976

The Effects Of Maternal Deprivation And Social Isolation On Later Social Dominance In The Albino Rat, Banning

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Behavioral Treatment Of Alcoholism: An Avaluative Review, Foti Aug 1976

Behavioral Treatment Of Alcoholism: An Avaluative Review, Foti

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


A Descriptive Study Of Child-Bearing Attitudes Of Harried College Students, 1950 To The Present, Flowers Aug 1976

A Descriptive Study Of Child-Bearing Attitudes Of Harried College Students, 1950 To The Present, Flowers

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Reduction Of Self-Injurious Behaviors In Retardates Using A Spray Mist, Dorsey Aug 1976

Reduction Of Self-Injurious Behaviors In Retardates Using A Spray Mist, Dorsey

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Outsider Conceptual Definition And Linkages To Several Psychological Theories, Holmes Aug 1976

The Outsider Conceptual Definition And Linkages To Several Psychological Theories, Holmes

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


An Evaluation Of The Kalamazoo County Jail Rehabilitation Program, Grady Aug 1976

An Evaluation Of The Kalamazoo County Jail Rehabilitation Program, Grady

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of The Self-Images Of Workers With Physical Disabilities Who Apply For Social Security Disability Benefits, Guetschow Aug 1976

An Analysis Of The Self-Images Of Workers With Physical Disabilities Who Apply For Social Security Disability Benefits, Guetschow

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Response Preferences To Affirmative Action Statements In Job Advertisements, Masura Aug 1976

Response Preferences To Affirmative Action Statements In Job Advertisements, Masura

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Stimulus Properties Of Population Density, Schauerhamer Aug 1976

Stimulus Properties Of Population Density, Schauerhamer

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Simulator Training On The Acquisition And Generalization Of Pedestrian Skills In Retarded Persons, Page Aug 1976

Effects Of Simulator Training On The Acquisition And Generalization Of Pedestrian Skills In Retarded Persons, Page

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Massed And Disturbed Practice On Reading Comprehension For High And Low Anxious College Students, Robert C. Kanoy Jul 1976

Effect Of Massed And Disturbed Practice On Reading Comprehension For High And Low Anxious College Students, Robert C. Kanoy

Master's Theses

Thirty-si x mal e and femal e col lege students selected from a data bank of 335 students were ested for readi ng comprehensi on. Students were of average schol asti c apti tude wi th ei ther an extreme hi gh or extreme l ow score on the TMAS. The learni ng task , whi ch served as the test for readi ng comprehensi on, was presented to each student under ei ther massed or di stri buted practi ce at a control led rate of speed. The number of correct responses to a multiple choice test served as the ...


The Effects Of Live Modeling And Specificity Of Verbal Reinforcement On The Modification Of Classroom Behavior, James Joseph Fox Iii May 1976

The Effects Of Live Modeling And Specificity Of Verbal Reinforcement On The Modification Of Classroom Behavior, James Joseph Fox Iii

Master's Theses

This study attempted to increase the frequency of student on-task behavior in two. third grade classrooms. using live modeling and vicarious reinforcement. In a multiple baseline-counterbalanced treatments design two classrooms of students were exposed to live, peer modeling displays of on-task behavior. In one class­ room the teacher praised the model, using behaviorally specific praise while the second classroom teacher used non-specific praise. Praise conditions were later reversed. It was hypothesized that after exposure to the modeling display s a) the frequency of on-task behavior would be increased over baseline levels to a pre-determined treatment outcome , b) behaviorally specific vicarious ...


The Use Of Territory As A Natural Reinforcer In The Modification Of Academic Performance And Disruptive Classroom Behaviors, Sherwin Lynnwood Davis May 1976

The Use Of Territory As A Natural Reinforcer In The Modification Of Academic Performance And Disruptive Classroom Behaviors, Sherwin Lynnwood Davis

Master's Theses

Emphasis is currently being placed upon the use of low-cost, naturally occurring reinforcers in classroom behavior modification programs. The effectiveness of students'territorial space as a natural reinforcer for social and academic classroom behaviors was investigated. Using the multiple baseline technique, student access to territorial space was systematically manipulated in an attempt to decelerate out-of-seat behaviors and to increase the percentage of assignments completed and graded either satisfactory or excellent. Student vocalization was also monitored; it was predicted that increases in desired academic behaviors would produce reciprocal decreases in vocalization. Finally, a fading procedure was utilized to remove gross territorial ...


Predicting Leader Emergence Within Fielder's Contingency Model Of Leadership Effectiveness, Helen Ferguson Daniel May 1976

Predicting Leader Emergence Within Fielder's Contingency Model Of Leadership Effectiveness, Helen Ferguson Daniel

Master's Theses

Eighteen fourman groups consisting of female undergraduates at the University of Richmond participated in problem-solving tasks within the restrictions of an all-channel communication network. Each subject was chosen by her scores on Fiedler' s (1967) Least-preferred co-worker (LPC) scale. The hypothesis that low LPC Ss would emerge as group leaders under the conditions of Octant II of Fiedler's contingency model was not supported by the nominations of twelve groups. Two-factor ANOV s showed non­ significant time differences over time for the four leadership conditions. These results are consistent with the Rice and Chemers (1973) findings which indicate that Fiedler ...


Auditory Or Visual Perception : Which Is The Better Predictor Of Reading Comprehension, Thomas Spencer Chalkley Jr. May 1976

Auditory Or Visual Perception : Which Is The Better Predictor Of Reading Comprehension, Thomas Spencer Chalkley Jr.

Master's Theses

All first and third graders from a surburban public school were administered the Kerby Learning Modalities Test (KLMT) and the Metropolitan Achievement Test Battery (MAT). The relationship between the MAT reading compre­ hension subtest percentile scores, the KLMT overall visual percentile scores, and the KLMT overall auditory percentile scores were explored through the use of Regression Analysis and other correlational techniques. The various correlations were used in several prediction models. There was no significant difference (p> .01) between the .full model predicting Reading Comprehension (RC) with Auditory (A) and Visual (V) and the restricted model predicting RC with A; however ...


Behavioral Community Psychology: Encouraging The Community-Based Elderly To Participate In A Nutritious Meal Program, Bunck Apr 1976

Behavioral Community Psychology: Encouraging The Community-Based Elderly To Participate In A Nutritious Meal Program, Bunck

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Shock Intensity On Discriminative Punishment Of Consummatory Licking Behavior In Rats, Angerami Apr 1976

The Effects Of Shock Intensity On Discriminative Punishment Of Consummatory Licking Behavior In Rats, Angerami

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.