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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Assessment Of Information Literacy Skills Among The Science Students Of Andhra University: A Survey, C Sasikala, V Dhanraju Nov 2010

Assessment Of Information Literacy Skills Among The Science Students Of Andhra University: A Survey, C Sasikala, V Dhanraju

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Abstract: Information literacy (IL) plays a prominent role in the knowledge based society; especially effective use of IT based services and collaborative learning in the various levels of the educational system. This paper presents the findings of a survey on the level of information skills among the students of higher education. The scope of the study covers various aspects like awareness about the use of library resources, both print and electronic; knowledge about various sources of information including Internet; familiarity with and use of information communication technologies and copyright and fair use of information etc.


The Role Of Auditors In Fraud Detection, Prevention And Reporting In Nigeria, Ayobami Oluwagbemiga Oyinlola Nov 2010

The Role Of Auditors In Fraud Detection, Prevention And Reporting In Nigeria, Ayobami Oluwagbemiga Oyinlola

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Abstract This study investigates the role of auditors in the detection, prevention and reporting of fraud. Data were obtained from 184 respondents in Nigeria. The findings revealed that the respondents are very concerned about the problem of fraud. In addition, the respondents placed very high expectation on auditors’ duties on fraud prevention and detection. This perception is in contrast with the stated primary objective of an audit, as stipulated in ISA 200, which merely required auditors to form an opinion on the financial statements, but not of fraud detection. Keywords: Auditors, fraud, detection, prevention


Survey Of Author Name Disambiguation: 2004 To 2010, Sarah Elliott Nov 2010

Survey Of Author Name Disambiguation: 2004 To 2010, Sarah Elliott

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Author name disambiguation methods continue to evolve and grow more sophisticated. This paper surveys a variety of manual and automatic approaches that have developed between 2004 and the beginning of 2010.


The Impact Of The Information Society On The Library And Information Science Profession, Obiora Nwosu, Esoswo F. Ogbomo Oct 2010

The Impact Of The Information Society On The Library And Information Science Profession, Obiora Nwosu, Esoswo F. Ogbomo

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This article considers the economic, political, social and ethical aspects of the Information Society, particularly as it affects developing nations. Training, governance, the role of women, and the implementation of ICTs are considered.


A Comparative Study Of Captioned Video And Face-To-Face Instruction In Library Instruction For Secondary School Students With Hearing Impairment, Morayo Ibironke Atinmo, Rotimi Adesina Egunjobi Oct 2010

A Comparative Study Of Captioned Video And Face-To-Face Instruction In Library Instruction For Secondary School Students With Hearing Impairment, Morayo Ibironke Atinmo, Rotimi Adesina Egunjobi

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study compared the effects of captioned video instruction and face-to-face instruction on library use instruction of secondary school students with hearing impairment. This study adopted the quasi-experimental pre-test, post -test control group design. This study employed two treatment groups comprising captioned video instruction group and face to face instruction group as well as a control group. Two research instruments, Library Use Instruction Test and Library Practical Use Checklist were used as data collection tools. The study concluded that both instructional strategies are effective in giving library instructions to persons with hearing impairment


Scientific Research In Librarianship: A Panacea For Library Development In Nigeria, Tony I. Obaseki, Salisu Dasuki Ibrahim, Julliet N. Momoh Oct 2010

Scientific Research In Librarianship: A Panacea For Library Development In Nigeria, Tony I. Obaseki, Salisu Dasuki Ibrahim, Julliet N. Momoh

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This paper critically examines the issue of research in librarianship and how the dearth of scientific research in the field affects its development in Nigeria. Problems such as lack of government support and interest in the profession, lack of research-minded librarians, etc., are responsible for the lack of scientific research in the profession. The result is the lack of popularity of the profession. Solutions for improving the adequacy of research techniques in librarianship are offered.


On Boredom, Information Systems, And The Practice Of Good Reading, Alberto Salarelli Oct 2010

On Boredom, Information Systems, And The Practice Of Good Reading, Alberto Salarelli

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Boredom is one of most characteristic features of modern humans. In fact, the large amount of time available, due to the development of information systems, has made it possible to delegate various types of tasks to automatic machines. Traditionally, by boredom we mean a sort of defence mechanism used by humans against an excessive lack of stimuli which can lead to a progressive reduction in cerebral activity. Today, after the build up of systems which allow one to obtain great quantities of information from all parts of the world immediately, boredom seems to manifest itself as a symptom of “information ...


Bibliometric Analysis Of The Journal Library Philosophy And Practice From 2005-2009, S. Thanuskodi Oct 2010

Bibliometric Analysis Of The Journal Library Philosophy And Practice From 2005-2009, S. Thanuskodi

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The present study is a bibliometric analysis of articles and references in Library Philosophy and Practice from 2005 to 2009. The analysis covers the number of articles, authorship patterns, subject distribution of articles, average number of references per article, forms of documents cited, year-wise distribution of cited journals, rank list of journals, etc. Strong and weak points are discussed, as the basis for improvement and development.


The Impact Of The Information Society On The Library And Information Science Profession, Obiora Nwosu, Esoswo F. Ogbomo Oct 2010

The Impact Of The Information Society On The Library And Information Science Profession, Obiora Nwosu, Esoswo F. Ogbomo

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This article considers the economic, political, social and ethical aspects of the Information Society, particularly as it affects developing nations. Training, governance, the role of women, and the implementation of ICTs are considered.


The Role Of Effective Communication In Enhancement Of Library Services: An Overview Of Delta State University Library, Abraka, Daniel Emojorho Oct 2010

The Role Of Effective Communication In Enhancement Of Library Services: An Overview Of Delta State University Library, Abraka, Daniel Emojorho

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study evaluated the effectiveness of communication in enhancement of library services at Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria. An ex-post-facto descriptive research design was adopted. A questionnaire was used to collect data, and frequency distribution and percentages were used to analyze it. The findings revealed that effective communication enhanced library services. There was a contrary view on the use of oral communication. While library staff applauded the use of oral communication in library operations, most users said it does not encourage research. The low level of ICT usage was also observed. As a result of these findings, recommendations were made.


Personal And Socio-Economic Determinants Of Agricultural Information Use By Farmers In The Agricultural Development Programme (Adp) Zones Of Imo State, Nigeria, Umunna Nnaemeka Opara Oct 2010

Personal And Socio-Economic Determinants Of Agricultural Information Use By Farmers In The Agricultural Development Programme (Adp) Zones Of Imo State, Nigeria, Umunna Nnaemeka Opara

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study investigated the influence of farmers’ personal and socio-economic characteristics on their use of agricultural information provided by the Imo State Agricultural Development Programme (ADP), Nigeria. An ex-post facto research design was used for the study. Stratified proportionate sampling technique was used to select a sample of 1,032 out of a total of 6,300 farmers across the existing 34 farm blocks and 63 farm cells in the three ADP zones of the state. A self-developed and structured questionnaire was used for data collection. A reliability co-efficient of 0.83 was obtained for the instrument using the Crumbach ...


Perceptions Of A Profession: Librarians And Stereotypes In Online Videos, Ramirose Ilene Attebury Oct 2010

Perceptions Of A Profession: Librarians And Stereotypes In Online Videos, Ramirose Ilene Attebury

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

In an article investigating how librarians are depicted in the mass media, Maura Seale identifies five categories into which the majority of representations fall: the old maid, the policeman, the parody, the inept librarian, and the hero/ine. Unlike prior representations of librarians in mass media, however, which have been largely controlled by non-librarians, the increased opportunities for amateur video distribution on sites like YouTube have allowed librarians themselves to decide how they are portrayed. This article considers online videos in the context of theories about stereotypes, and it discusses the effects of parody in shaping perceptions of the librarian ...


A Framework For Information Policies With Examples From The United States, Donald O. Case Oct 2010

A Framework For Information Policies With Examples From The United States, Donald O. Case

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This article discusses the meaning of the term "policy," along with general aspects of policies that might apply to many nations. Of particular concern is the placement of library- and information-oriented policies within a larger context. Literature on information policy is reviewed with the goal of devising a framework for discussing the national goals of policy. Examples from the United States are used to illustrate policy-making. Finally, some trends affecting policy are examined.


Lack Of Ict Infrastructure As A Barrier To Resource Sharing In Nigerian Libraries, Efe Francis Ejedafiru Oct 2010

Lack Of Ict Infrastructure As A Barrier To Resource Sharing In Nigerian Libraries, Efe Francis Ejedafiru

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The emergence of information communication technology (ICT) has revolutionized the academic library and academic world. ICT is paving way for progress in resource sharing and research. Nigerian libraries are having trouble meeting the needs of users, because of a poor economy and lack of ICT infrastructure. This article reports on a survey of ICT infrastructure in academic libraries in Nigeria and makes recommendations for improvement.


Library 2.0: Blogs, Wikis, And Rss To Serve The Library, Alessia Zanin-Yost Oct 2010

Library 2.0: Blogs, Wikis, And Rss To Serve The Library, Alessia Zanin-Yost

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Web 2.0 is made of written text but also images, movies, music, and sound, moving from textual information to multimedia. With Web 2.0, the user can create information, because of the availability of software that is cheap and easy to use. Wikis, Blogs and RSS are examples of how this new generation, as well as the older ones, uses these technologies to give, receive, and create information. This article offers an overview of three technologies, Blogs, Wikis, and RSS with examples of how they can be used within the scope of the library and reflects on whether it ...


Chaucer, Books, And The Poetic Library, David C. Kupfer Oct 2010

Chaucer, Books, And The Poetic Library, David C. Kupfer

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1342 – 1400) is the great medieval inventor of words for the English language, words including “library.” He uses that term to represent a distinct spatial home that is organized with skill to find knowledge from the study of texts. A bibliophile himself, Chaucer celebrates the joys and trials of reading while overlooking the library as a substantive learning haven. The location where learning transpires is always secondary to the contents of the books themselves. The library is a documented medieval bedrock to education, even wisdom, but it is little more than a shadow in Chaucer’s poetry ...


Academic Library Design: A Commons Or An Athenaeum, Willam T. Caniano Oct 2010

Academic Library Design: A Commons Or An Athenaeum, Willam T. Caniano

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Due to declining user statistics in the latter half of the 1990s, many academic libraries began to see a need to renovate their physical spaces. At present, two academic library designs dominate the renovation discussion, the Commons and the Athenaeum. This article will attempt to review each design as to their current success and their future viability.


Model Development As A Research Tool: An Example Of Pak-Nisea, Farzana Shafique, Khalid Mahmood Oct 2010

Model Development As A Research Tool: An Example Of Pak-Nisea, Farzana Shafique, Khalid Mahmood

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The study consists of two parts. The first briefly highlights the research methods used in library and information science (LIS). It identifies model development as an effective research method for LIS research. It also reviews different aspects of models and their use in LIS research in Pakistan. The second part illustrates an example of a draft model entitled “PAK-NISEA” recently proposed for a PhD project. Related issues of the proposed model, i.e. rationale, objectives, research methodology, data collection process, important characteristics of PAK-NISEA, are also discussed.


The Effect Of Library Use Education As A Course On Library Patronage: A Case Study Of Lautech Library, Ogbomoso, Nigeria, T.A. Ogunmodede, E.N. Emeahara Oct 2010

The Effect Of Library Use Education As A Course On Library Patronage: A Case Study Of Lautech Library, Ogbomoso, Nigeria, T.A. Ogunmodede, E.N. Emeahara

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study attempts to appraise the effect of library use education as a course of study on library patronage by the undergraduates in Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso. The essence of education, formal or informal, is the ability of the learner to put learning to practical use. Hence, the knowledge acquired must be reflected in the life of the learner. The study also attempts to reveal the relevance of library use education as a course of study to the students, the extent of use of library resources and services, the user/staff interaction and the students' assessment of the ...


Automation In Two Nigerian University Libraries, A.M. Adegbore Oct 2010

Automation In Two Nigerian University Libraries, A.M. Adegbore

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This article examines the automation procedure in two Nigerian university libraries, the 'Nimbe Adedipe Library of University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (a federal university) and the Main Library of Olabisi Onabanjo University (a state university). Interview checklist and a questionnaire were used as research instruments. The interview checklist was designed to get information concerning the automation procedure in the two universities and was administered on the University Librarian (UL) of 'Nimbe Adedipe Library and the Head of the Multimedia Resources Centre of the Main Library of Olabisi Onabanjo University. A total of 200 questionnaires were administered to 100 students each from ...


Access To Agricultural Information By Fish Farmers In Niger Delta Region Of Nigeria, Margaret U. Ogboma Oct 2010

Access To Agricultural Information By Fish Farmers In Niger Delta Region Of Nigeria, Margaret U. Ogboma

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This paper examines challenges of access to agricultural information by fish farmers in Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. The survey research design was employed. 100 fish farmers from Bayelsa and Delta States in Nigeria, served as population for the study. The questionnaire, personal observation, and oral interview were the instruments used in data collection. The study revealed that there is availability of relevant agricultural information for fish farmers, with a corresponding difficulty in accessing such information. Factors impeding access to agricultural information include inadequate agricultural extension officers and insufficient use of media, among others. The study recommends that agricultural information ...


An Artistic Horizon: Content Analysis Of Caricatures With Library And Information Science Themes, Alireza Isfanyari-Moghaddam, Vahideh Kashi-Nahanji Oct 2010

An Artistic Horizon: Content Analysis Of Caricatures With Library And Information Science Themes, Alireza Isfanyari-Moghaddam, Vahideh Kashi-Nahanji

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This research analyzes caricatures related to Library and Information Science (LIS), to identify LIS aspects in order to recognize valid criticisms and offer recommendations. Two hundred fifty cartoons and caricatures relating to the topics "book", "library", and "LIS" were gathered and analyzed by means of content analysis. The images were categorized into eight groups for analysis.


The Influence Of Leadership Style On The Performance Of Subordinates In Nigerian Libraries, Jonathan Olusola Fatokun, Mulikat O. Salaam, Fredrick Olatunju Ajegbomogun Sep 2010

The Influence Of Leadership Style On The Performance Of Subordinates In Nigerian Libraries, Jonathan Olusola Fatokun, Mulikat O. Salaam, Fredrick Olatunju Ajegbomogun

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This paper examines the influence of leadership style on the performance of subordinates in Nigerian Libraries. The sample consisted of professional librarians and their supporting staff in Nigerian libraries. A total of 100 questionnaires were administered, with a 72 percent response rate. The result showed that there was a positive relationship between the leadership style of librarians and support staff in Nigerian libraries.


African University Libraries And Internet Connectivity: Challenges And The Way Forward, R.I. Echezona, C.F. Ugwuanyi Sep 2010

African University Libraries And Internet Connectivity: Challenges And The Way Forward, R.I. Echezona, C.F. Ugwuanyi

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

African universities are indispensable in economic, social, and human development through research and academic activities. A university library is the hub of academic activities in African universities. ICT has transformed the library into a new information unit, providing electronic cataloging, online public access catalogue (OPAC), electronic acquisitions and serial control, interlibrary loan, and circulation. Internet bandwidth is the life blood of a modern university. Low bandwidth and connectivity have not allowed the African university libraries to benefit from information superhighways This paper examines initiatives and extent of connectivity among African university libraries. It discusses obstacles to connectivity and offers solutions.


Effects Of Information And Communication Technology On Research And Development Activities: The Fiiro Experience, O.O. Onilude, O.R. Apampa Sep 2010

Effects Of Information And Communication Technology On Research And Development Activities: The Fiiro Experience, O.O. Onilude, O.R. Apampa

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This paper reports on a study which assessed the effects of information and communication technology (ICT) on research and development activities at the Federal Institute of Industrial Research, Oshodi (FIIRO). The research focused on the use of computers, application software, and the Internet by all cadres of staff at the Institute. A thematic analysis highlighted the current state of ICT applications, level of literacy, and problems and challenges encountered in the application and use of ICTs. The study revealed a need to train members of staff in ICT. Infrastructure such as power supply and Internet connectivity need to be improved.


Global Adoption Of Electronic Theses And Dissertations, Dillip K. Swain Sep 2010

Global Adoption Of Electronic Theses And Dissertations, Dillip K. Swain

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs) are being adopted by more and more universities. As a primary source of information, theses and dissertations are particularly useful to researchers, but most languish in obscurity in university libraries and archives. The best way to make use of theses and dissertations is through electronic publication and online access. This paper looks at the status of use and adoption of ETDs in various different parts of the world, describes the history and development of ETDs, key issues governing ETD projects, potential merits of ETDs for effective teaching and research, and ETD initiatives in India.


The Great Library Of Alexandria?, Heather Philips Sep 2010

The Great Library Of Alexandria?, Heather Philips

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Though it was Alexandria's Pharos lighthouse that was counted among the Seven Wonders of the World, Ancient Alexandria was a city in which wonders abounded. The city featured wide boulevards laid out in a grid, and buildings constructed of granite and marble. Some say that Alexander himself had a hand in planning this great city. One of the most notable wonders of the city was the Great Library of Alexandria (hereinafter Great Library or Library), an institution which has assumed legendary proportions in the mythos of western civilization. However, institutions which assume mythological proportions are often obscured by the ...


Ict And Collection Management In Public Libraries: A Survey Of South-South Zone Of Nigeria, Daniel Emojorho Sep 2010

Ict And Collection Management In Public Libraries: A Survey Of South-South Zone Of Nigeria, Daniel Emojorho

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The effect of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Nigerian public libraries was explored with a survey. The findings show that ICT improves public library services, but most libraries have not been automated and a considerable number of staff and users are not ICT-literate.


The Role And Responsibility Of The Library In Consolidating Research In Nigerian Private Universities: A Case Study Of Western Delta University, Oghara, Delta State, Dr. Anthonia Nwabueze, Isaac Echezonam Anyira, Oghenetega Ivwighreghweta, Oghenovo Kelvin Onoriode Sep 2010

The Role And Responsibility Of The Library In Consolidating Research In Nigerian Private Universities: A Case Study Of Western Delta University, Oghara, Delta State, Dr. Anthonia Nwabueze, Isaac Echezonam Anyira, Oghenetega Ivwighreghweta, Oghenovo Kelvin Onoriode

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This paper examines the role of Nigerian private university libraries in supporting research. The case study approach was used for the study and a questionnaire was used to collect data from 120 respondents. Data were analyzed using percentage and graphical analysis. The major findings are that: research impacts positively on community development, research output impacts the recognition and ranking of universities, the library impacts positively on research, and library ICT impacts on the quality of research. It was recommended that the university budgeting authority allocate at least 10 percent of its annual budget to the library as recommended by the ...


“Not I” Said The Pig: Who Defends Intellectual Freedom For Librarians?, Jean-Mark Sens Sep 2010

“Not I” Said The Pig: Who Defends Intellectual Freedom For Librarians?, Jean-Mark Sens

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Although librarians have traditionally defended intellectual freedom, the American Library Association (ALA) tends to treat it as a local management issue. As librarianship has become increasingly technical defense of intellectual freedom has diminished. Censorship generates self-censorship and demonstrates a subservient relation to authority detrimental to collection development. Using instances from his professional life, the author argues that censorship infantilizes patrons, discourages critical thinking, and is counterproductive to institutions of higher learning.