Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

2006

Articles 1 - 30 of 35

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Experimenting With A Model Digital Library Of Etds For Indian Universities Using D-Space, J. K. Vijayakumar, Tav Murthy, M. T. M. Khan Oct 2006

Experimenting With A Model Digital Library Of Etds For Indian Universities Using D-Space, J. K. Vijayakumar, Tav Murthy, M. T. M. Khan

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

As a part of doctoral research, a study was made to identify the importance and support of having theses and dissertations in electronic form, through a survey of Indian academics and Librarians. Based on the study and special requirements of India, a model is suggested, which can be used by universities. File formats, software, workflow, infrastructure, and required support are discussed. A prototype ETD System using D-Space software is described. Integration of metadata, support for OAI-PMH protocol and CNRI handles to share content, compatibility with multilingual standards such as UNICODE were reasons for choosing D-Space as the software for the ...


Philosophical Views About Digital Information And Relational Schemata, Markos Dendrinos Oct 2006

Philosophical Views About Digital Information And Relational Schemata, Markos Dendrinos

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The nature and organization of digital information are examined from a philosophical point of view. A Platonic model is first suggested, based on both the Platonic allegory of the two worlds and the hypothesis of the informationised universe. Ancient classification schemata are presented in terms of the relationship types involved, concluding with an attempt to view the semantically rich web management system as an extended Platonic model.


Toward A Critical Ethnography Of Librarian-Supported Collaborative Learning, Terrence W. Epperson Oct 2006

Toward A Critical Ethnography Of Librarian-Supported Collaborative Learning, Terrence W. Epperson

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The emerging multidisciplinary field of computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) has the potential to address several theoretical, political, and praxis issues within academic librarianship. Librarians are uniquely situated to contribute to the ongoing development of CSCL, and the library is an ideal “place” for the development, implementation, and evaluation of collaborative learning strategies and systems. The author presents three pressing, interrelated challenges within library and information science (LIS) and discusses how CSCL analyzes the social production of knowledge, emphasizing the distinction between cooperative and collaborative learning. Issues of shared concern between LIS and CSCL can best be addressed through ethnographic analysis ...


Resource Sharing In The Digital Age: Prospects And Problems In African Universities, Felicia Etim Oct 2006

Resource Sharing In The Digital Age: Prospects And Problems In African Universities, Felicia Etim

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Africa’s universities and research centers have a unique role to play in knowledge production and dissemination as drivers of knowledge-based development. To this end, they need to be locally established and socially connected in order to draw fully from the society while feeding back the products of knowledge. Problems identified are the high cost of Internet access, partial realization of campus networks in the universities, ineffective configuration of platforms and the lack of reliable and permanent source of power. Regulatory bodies have been set up for the organization and production of contents which will serve for development support, and ...


Tomorrow's Library: The Building, Online Access, And Classroom, Michael Kazanjian Oct 2006

Tomorrow's Library: The Building, Online Access, And Classroom, Michael Kazanjian

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

In tomorrow's library, students, teachers, and the public will increasingly partner with librarians. The public can become better acquainted with recorded knowledge. Academicians including students can search for recorded specialized and general thought contained on shelves in a building. Online technology will extend access as needed. Classrooms will extend the nature of recorded specialized and general thought as students, teachers, and librarians engage in recording and updating information in specific fields and liberal arts. Online technology to course content can allow anyone, anywhere, anytime to learn what class sessions are recording. Online and classroom capabilities empower people to learn ...


Effect Of Cooperative, Competitive, And Individual Use Of Self Instruction Method (Sim) On Learners' Achievement In Library Skills, Ebong Nyama Nkebem, Henry Itohowo Oct 2006

Effect Of Cooperative, Competitive, And Individual Use Of Self Instruction Method (Sim) On Learners' Achievement In Library Skills, Ebong Nyama Nkebem, Henry Itohowo

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Self instruction is an instructional technique that is gaining popularity among teachers. Using this technique, students use instructional materials prepared by their teachers. Three approaches – cooperation, competition, and individual approaches were tested on randomly-assigned groups of students. A one-way Anova showed a significant differential effect for this instructional technique on academic achievement in library skills.


Blazing The Trail In Poverty Alleviation Among University Students In Nigeria: The Federal University Of Technology, Yola, Baba L. Ndagana, S. A. Ogunrombi Oct 2006

Blazing The Trail In Poverty Alleviation Among University Students In Nigeria: The Federal University Of Technology, Yola, Baba L. Ndagana, S. A. Ogunrombi

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study reports on the innovative “study and work” programme for students at the Federal University of Technology, Yola. In particular, the use of student part-time workers in the Library is discussed. The study reviews the widespread and severe poverty in Nigeria and among students in particular.This study reveals that the “study and work scheme” to alleviate poverty is beneficial to both students and university departments. The scheme extolls the dignity of labour in addition to alleviating the suffering of indigent students. The advantages of the scheme to the Library are discussed and it is recommended that the “study ...


What Do Faculty Want?: A Focus Group Study Of Faculty At A Mid-Sized Public University, Michael A. Weber, Robert Flatley Oct 2006

What Do Faculty Want?: A Focus Group Study Of Faculty At A Mid-Sized Public University, Michael A. Weber, Robert Flatley

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Presents the findings of a focus group study to determine how faculty use library resources and what role they see the library playing on campus. Results indicated that faculty use was mixed. Information literacy instruction, electronic access to information, and the library as space were seen as important roles.


Technological Change, Universal Access, And The End Of The Library, Wayne Bivens-Tatum Oct 2006

Technological Change, Universal Access, And The End Of The Library, Wayne Bivens-Tatum

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Library and Information Science (LIS) does not lend itself to philosophizing. Political philosophy offers a useful and necessary approach to thinking about libraries. Teleological thinking helps bring into relief some of the problems and issues of library and information science. When we do not address political problems teleologically, we may confuse means and ends, and ignore ends altogether. As an example of a teleological investigation, the author considers a proposition that some take to be the end of the library, the proposition that libraries should provide free access to all information to all persons all of the time. Should libraries ...


Bicycle Access To Public Libraries: A Survey Of Pennsylvania Public Libraries And Their Accessibility To Patrons Arriving Via Bicycle, Samantha Hypatia Thompson Oct 2006

Bicycle Access To Public Libraries: A Survey Of Pennsylvania Public Libraries And Their Accessibility To Patrons Arriving Via Bicycle, Samantha Hypatia Thompson

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

In 1994, the US Department of Transportation set the goal of doubling the number of bicycle trips undertaken in this country. Impediments to this goal are trip and destination barriers. One major public destination intended for universal access is the public library. This is relevant to young adults, the poor, and recent immigrants, all of whom may choose bicycle transportation at higher rates than the general population. A survey of 225 public libraries in Pennsylvania found that 54% of respondent libraries had poor overall bicycle accessibility. These overall levels were the result of the trip or destination barriers at each ...


For Charity Or Profit? A Case Study Of The Friends Of Ferguson Library's Used Bookshop Program, Westerly A. Donohue Oct 2006

For Charity Or Profit? A Case Study Of The Friends Of Ferguson Library's Used Bookshop Program, Westerly A. Donohue

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This paper hopes to contribute to inter-disciplinary literature by mapping out the ability of one community library's used bookshop volunteers to resolve a potential conflict, that of working in a Used Bookshop Program that both gives away books to institutional recipients deemed as eligible, with its overarching purpose: to maximize profitability on behalf of the library, for serving its programming to the urban City of Stamford, located in Stamford, Connecticut. The study encompasses visual sociological methods, and discusses multi-faceted concepts of community-building from a variety of social science perspectives, but mainly based in sociology


Web-Based Reference Projects: An Approach For Iranian Lis Departments, Dariush Alimohammadi Oct 2006

Web-Based Reference Projects: An Approach For Iranian Lis Departments, Dariush Alimohammadi

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Reference courses are provided in LIS schools in Iran. Different instructional methods are applied and various approaches are adopted. Some of them focus on introducing reference sources. In this method, students learn that a given reference source can satisfy a user's information needs. Others pay attention to the production of reference tools by using print media. This article proposes the development of web-based reference tools.


Blogs As Tools For Online Information Sharing, Gurdev Singh, S.M. Shahid Oct 2006

Blogs As Tools For Online Information Sharing, Gurdev Singh, S.M. Shahid

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This paper describes blogging as an Internet phenomenon. The origin and growth of blogs with historical is discussed in detail. The use of blogs in library and information science is explored, as are other issues such as ethical concerns.


From Library To Knowledge Center: Building A Website To Introduce A New Building To The Community, Araby Greene Oct 2006

From Library To Knowledge Center: Building A Website To Introduce A New Building To The Community, Araby Greene

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

When announced in March 2004, the biggest gift in the University of Nevada 's history was in support of a new library building, to be called “The Mathewson-IGT Knowledge Center.” The decision to call the new facility a “Knowledge Center” deliberately calls attention to the expanded role of the institution. This article describes the design and development of a website to tell users about the role and progress of the Knowledge Center, allay fears about books disappearing forever into the great maw of the Automated Storage and Retrieval System (ASRS), encourage feedback, and create some excitement about a beautiful new ...


Information Needs And Use Pattern Of Disadvantaged Communities: A Case Study, Mahendra Kumar Seth, Baman Parida Oct 2006

Information Needs And Use Pattern Of Disadvantaged Communities: A Case Study, Mahendra Kumar Seth, Baman Parida

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This article highlights the changing information needs in India and its importance to disadvantaged communities (specially historically disadvantaged Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe: students, scholars and faculties) especially in the state of Orissa. The role of academic libraries, departments of education and the Government of Orissa (India) are also explored.


Health Science Libraries And The 21st Century, Mayank Trivedi Oct 2006

Health Science Libraries And The 21st Century, Mayank Trivedi

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The potential of telemedicine, particularly in remote or underserved areas, is an important issue for many countries. Telemedicine is described and discussed, and the role of health science libraries in facilitating telemedicine is explored.


Collection Development Policies: Ground Rules For Planning University Libraries, P. Olatunji Olaojo, M. A. Akewukereke Oct 2006

Collection Development Policies: Ground Rules For Planning University Libraries, P. Olatunji Olaojo, M. A. Akewukereke

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Various links that exist between planning and budgeting, selection, and acquisition with reference to collection development policy in libraries were revealed in this study. A collection development policy sets ground rules for planning, budgeting, selecting and acquiring library materials. Recommendations are made for combating the professional challenges facing acquisitions librarians.


Information Access Post September 11: What Librarians Need To Know, Laura Taddeo Oct 2006

Information Access Post September 11: What Librarians Need To Know, Laura Taddeo

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The tragedy of September 11, 2001 has forced both the American people and the government to reevaluate how information is collected and disseminated. Part of the White House's response to September 11 includes protecting "sensitive information from inappropriate disclosure," and encouraging federal agencies to review whether certain information, formerly readily accessible, should be removed from the American public’s view. The ability to control the way information is made available to the public has changed, especially during the Digital Age. The Internet, like the radio during World War II, is one of the most powerful tools used to relay ...


Library Instruction: Past Lessons, Future Plans, Dariush Alimohammadi, Mahshid Sajjadi Oct 2006

Library Instruction: Past Lessons, Future Plans, Dariush Alimohammadi, Mahshid Sajjadi

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This article describes the redesigning of library instruction courses in the age of electronic information. Older research on instruction for undergraduates is described and discussed and compared with the needs of present-day undergraduates.


The Challenges Of Computerizing A University Library In Nigeria: The Case Of Kashim Ibrahim Library, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Grace Nok Apr 2006

The Challenges Of Computerizing A University Library In Nigeria: The Case Of Kashim Ibrahim Library, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Grace Nok

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria is one of Nigeria's first generation universities, opening its doors in 1962. University library computerization in Nigeria has been in the pipeline since the 1970s, although concerted efforts began in the late 1990s. ALICE, an integrated library system which is popular in the UK, was acquired and implemented then. Challenges to library automation include poor infrastructure, a low level of computer literacy among the staff, and a lack of resources for maintaining and updating hardware and software.


The Impact Of Self-Efficacy And Prior Computer Experience On The Creativity Of New Librarians In Selected Universities Libraries In Southwest Nigeria, Adeyinka Tella, C. O. Ayeni Apr 2006

The Impact Of Self-Efficacy And Prior Computer Experience On The Creativity Of New Librarians In Selected Universities Libraries In Southwest Nigeria, Adeyinka Tella, C. O. Ayeni

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

A study examined the impact of self-efficacy and prior computer experience on the creativity of the freshly-recruited librarians in selected southwest Nigeria universities’ libraries. Fifty-two new librarians who were selected through total enumeration sampling technique represent the population of the study. Both the independent and the dependent variables were measured with relevant standardized instruments. Three research questions were developed and answered in the study. The results showed that both self-efficacy and computer experience influenced creativity


The Pains And Gains Of The Publication Requirement: A Survey Of Librarians At Delta State University, Nigeria, J.E. Onohwakpor, P.A. Tiemo Apr 2006

The Pains And Gains Of The Publication Requirement: A Survey Of Librarians At Delta State University, Nigeria, J.E. Onohwakpor, P.A. Tiemo

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The employment status and expectations for academic librarians in Nigeria has changed recently. Librarians now have an academic status that includes a publication requirement. This paper examines the publication requirement for academic librarians in Delta State University Library, Abraka, Nigeria. Most librarians were found to lack publications because of other workload, lack of research resources, and inadequate knowledge of scholarly journals.


Alternative Models Of Knowledge Production: A Step Forward In Information Literacy As A Liberal Art, Shilpa Shanbhag Apr 2006

Alternative Models Of Knowledge Production: A Step Forward In Information Literacy As A Liberal Art, Shilpa Shanbhag

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Information literacy is embedded within the traditional disciplinary model of knowledge production wherein the role of the scholar/expert and the process of peer-review are emphasized. Exclusive reference to this model is inadequate in informing the production of knowledge outside of formal academic setting and consequently inadequate in supporting the objectives of liberal learning. Shapiro and Hughes' concept of information literacy as a liberal art provides a useful framework for discussion on alternative models of knowledge production.


Customizing And Using A Popular Online Information Literacy Tutorial: One Library’S Experience, Robert Flatley, William Jefferson Apr 2006

Customizing And Using A Popular Online Information Literacy Tutorial: One Library’S Experience, Robert Flatley, William Jefferson

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

To teach information literacy, many colleges and universities use a version of TILT (the Texas Information Tutorial) or Searchpath, a modification of TILT by Western Michigan University. This paper describes our experience customizing Searchpath for Kutztown University’s Rohrbach Library, including the impetus behind the project, the process of customizing Searchpath, the project pilot, collaborative efforts, and challenges encountered. The authors also discuss the decision to select Searchpath rather than TILT, how Kutztown’s version of tutorial is currently being used, and future plans for the product, along with suggestions to those considering Searchpath for their libraries.


On Not Revising The Ala Code Of Ethics: An Alternate Proposal, John Buschman Apr 2006

On Not Revising The Ala Code Of Ethics: An Alternate Proposal, John Buschman

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The American Library Association (ALA) is undertaking a revision of its code of ethics. The author propo ses and discusses three reasons not to revise the code. The reasons are that there is already a set of interlocking policies on ethics and related issues; that ALA leadership has taken the most conservative possible approach to ethics policy - and especially the connection between librarians' professional responsibilities and rights; and that when policies are amended, they are not always improved, and those on the books are often ignored. The author considers and discusses likely objections to his proposal.


Managing The Library's Corporate Culture For Organizational Efficiency, Productivity, And Enhanced Service, Samuel Olu Adeyoyin Apr 2006

Managing The Library's Corporate Culture For Organizational Efficiency, Productivity, And Enhanced Service, Samuel Olu Adeyoyin

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The library's corporate culture can be managed to enhance organizational efficiency, productivity, and service. This article compares views on organizational culture and applies them to libraries. The effect of changing information culture on library culture is examined.


The Plane Tree Turns Fifty: A History Of The Department Of Librarianship At Ankara University, Oya Gürdal, Fatos Subasioglu Apr 2006

The Plane Tree Turns Fifty: A History Of The Department Of Librarianship At Ankara University, Oya Gürdal, Fatos Subasioglu

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Education for librarianship in Turkey, which was established at Ankara University in the academic year 1954-1955, has lasted 50 years, with the contributions of national and foreign collegues and scholars, and organizations such as ALA, the Ford Foundation, and the Fulbright Commission. This article describes that history and those who participated in it.


Human Capital For Nigerian Libraries In The 21st Century, Stella E. Igun Apr 2006

Human Capital For Nigerian Libraries In The 21st Century, Stella E. Igun

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This article describes human capital needs for Nigerian libraries. It looks at training for Information and Communications Technology (ICT) and proposes a model for library education that combines theory with practice.


Proceedings Of The 24th Annual Seminar/Workshop Of The Nigerian Library Association, Cataloguing, Classification, And Indexing Section, Josiah Oghenero Ruteyan Apr 2006

Proceedings Of The 24th Annual Seminar/Workshop Of The Nigerian Library Association, Cataloguing, Classification, And Indexing Section, Josiah Oghenero Ruteyan

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Papers from the seminar are described and discussed. Topics include subject cataloging, the creation of a national union catalog for Nigeria, library automation, and system migration.


The Equilateral Triangle Paradigm: A Mathematical Interpretation Of The Theory Of Tertiary Sources On The World Wide Web, Dariush Alimohammadi Apr 2006

The Equilateral Triangle Paradigm: A Mathematical Interpretation Of The Theory Of Tertiary Sources On The World Wide Web, Dariush Alimohammadi

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Information science concepts can be enhanced by mathematical approaches. A mathematical interpretation of the theory of tertiary sources on the Web was developed, using figure-oriented and formula-based approaches.The most ideal form of the triangle of information resources is equilateral, with the sides representing primary, secondary, and tertiary sources of information on the Web.