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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Prosecutor As A Final Safeguard Against False Convictions: How Prosecutors Assist With Exoneration, Elizabeth Webster Jan 2020

The Prosecutor As A Final Safeguard Against False Convictions: How Prosecutors Assist With Exoneration, Elizabeth Webster

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

Prosecutors have helped secure an unprecedented number of recent exonerations. This development, combined with the rapid emergence of district attorney-initiated conviction integrity units (CIUs) raises several questions. How do prosecutors’ offices review postconviction innocence claims? How do they make decisions about the merits of those claims? How do CIU processes differ from non-CIU processes? This study examines the circumstances surrounding prosecutor-assisted exoneration cases through semi-structured interviews with 20 prosecutors and 19 defense attorneys. It draws from a sample of both CIU and non-CIU prosecutors, thereby enabling comparisons. Respondents were asked about their experiences and decision-making structures in specific, post-2005 exoneration ...


The Perceptions Of Juvenile Judges Regarding Adolescent Development In Evaluating Juvenile Competency, Colleen M. Berryessa, Jillian Reeves Jan 2020

The Perceptions Of Juvenile Judges Regarding Adolescent Development In Evaluating Juvenile Competency, Colleen M. Berryessa, Jillian Reeves

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

This analysis provides the first known in-depth qualitative inquiry into if and how juvenile court judges take the psycho-social immaturity and development of adolescents into consideration when making attributions of adjudicative competency of offenders in juvenile court. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with twenty-seven U.S. juvenile court judges, followed by grounded theory analysis. Competency evaluations from psychologists and the juvenile’s age, history, awareness, and mental capacity influence judicial determinations of competency. Although data show that understandings of adolescent development do play a large role in shaping judges’ understandings of juvenile behavior—particularly related to emotional control, irrational behavior, lack ...


Now You See Me: Problems And Strategies For Introducing Gender Self-Determination Into The Eighth Amendment For Gender Nonconforming Prisoners, Lizzie Bright Jan 2018

Now You See Me: Problems And Strategies For Introducing Gender Self-Determination Into The Eighth Amendment For Gender Nonconforming Prisoners, Lizzie Bright

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

As the fight for transgender rights becomes more visible in the United States, the plight of incarcerated transgender individuals seeking medical care behind bars is likewise gaining attention—and some trans prisoners are gaining access to gender-affirming care. However, progress for incarcerated members of the trans community has been slow, piecemeal, and not without problems. As federal court opinions in Eighth Amendment access-to-care cases brought by trans prisoners show, how a court interprets the subjective intent requirements of the Eighth Amendment and how the imprisoned plaintiff pleads his/her/their case can make or break the claim. Further, courts and ...


The Downstream Effects Of Bail And Pretrial Detention On Racial Disparities In Incarceration, Ellen A. Donnelly, John M. Macdonald Jan 2018

The Downstream Effects Of Bail And Pretrial Detention On Racial Disparities In Incarceration, Ellen A. Donnelly, John M. Macdonald

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

Bail and pretrial detention decisions may have important consequences for racial disparities in incarceration rates. Poor minority defendants who are unable to post bail and get released from jail before trial may be more likely to plead guilty and accept longer sentences of incarceration. Racial disparities in incarceration sentences may then reflect a combination of differences in the seriousness of a defendant’s case, criminal history, and economic resources to pay bail. This study examines the extent to which bail decision-making and pretrial detention explain Black-White disparities in criminal adjudications and sentences in the Delaware courts from 2012 to 2014 ...


Race And Death Sentencing For Oklahoma Homicides Committed Between 1990 And 2012, Glenn L. Pierce, Michael L. Radelet, Susan Sharp Jan 2017

Race And Death Sentencing For Oklahoma Homicides Committed Between 1990 And 2012, Glenn L. Pierce, Michael L. Radelet, Susan Sharp

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

This Article examines 4,668 Oklahoma homicide cases with an identified suspect that occurred during a twenty-three year period between January 1, 1990, and December 31, 2012. Among these, we identified 153 cases that ended with a death sentence. Overall we found that while the defendant’s race did not correlate with a death sentence, there was a strong correlation with the race of the victim, with cases with white victims significantly more likely to end with a death sentence than cases with non-white victims. Homicides with female victims were also more likely to result in a death sentence than ...


The Psychology Of Workplace Deviant & Criminal Behavior, William Brice, Deborah E. Rupp Jan 2015

The Psychology Of Workplace Deviant & Criminal Behavior, William Brice, Deborah E. Rupp

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

The 2013 book Deviant and Criminal Behavior in the Workplace addresses the psychological constructs, situations, and environments underlying active counterproductive workplace behaviors. Building on a diverse range of psychological findings, this book highlights that the field of criminology needs to expand outside of the realm of violence and instead look at how deviant workplace behaviors can tie into—and motivate—other types of crime.


Reflections And Perspectives On Reentry And Collateral Consequences, Michael Pinard Jan 2010

Reflections And Perspectives On Reentry And Collateral Consequences, Michael Pinard

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Capital Punishment In Illinois In The Aftermath Of The Ryan Commutations: Reforms, Economic Realities, And A New Saliency For Issues Of Cost, Leigh B. Bienen Jan 2010

Capital Punishment In Illinois In The Aftermath Of The Ryan Commutations: Reforms, Economic Realities, And A New Saliency For Issues Of Cost, Leigh B. Bienen

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Centennial Symposium: A Century Of Criminal Justice - Foreword, Julia T. Rickert Jan 2010

Centennial Symposium: A Century Of Criminal Justice - Foreword, Julia T. Rickert

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


One Hundred Years Later: Wrongful Convictions After A Century Of Research, Jon B. Gould, Richard A. Leo Jan 2010

One Hundred Years Later: Wrongful Convictions After A Century Of Research, Jon B. Gould, Richard A. Leo

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


One Hundred Years Of Race And Crime, Paul Butler Jan 2010

One Hundred Years Of Race And Crime, Paul Butler

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Forfeiture Of The Confrontation Right In Giles: Justice Scalia's Faint-Hearted Fidelity To The Common Law, Ellen Liang Yee Jan 2010

Forfeiture Of The Confrontation Right In Giles: Justice Scalia's Faint-Hearted Fidelity To The Common Law, Ellen Liang Yee

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


A Century Of Criminal Law And Criminology, Amy Deline, Adair Crosley Jan 2010

A Century Of Criminal Law And Criminology, Amy Deline, Adair Crosley

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Provoking Change: Comparative Insights On Feminist Homicide Law Reform, Carolyn B. Ramsey Jan 2010

Provoking Change: Comparative Insights On Feminist Homicide Law Reform, Carolyn B. Ramsey

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


The Undermining Influence Of The Federal Death Penalty On Capital Policymaking And Criminal Justice Administration In The States, Eileen M. Connor Jan 2010

The Undermining Influence Of The Federal Death Penalty On Capital Policymaking And Criminal Justice Administration In The States, Eileen M. Connor

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Two Wrongs Make A Wrong: A Challenge To Plea Bargaining And Collateral Consequence Statutes Through Their Integration, Kevin O'Keefe Jan 2010

Two Wrongs Make A Wrong: A Challenge To Plea Bargaining And Collateral Consequence Statutes Through Their Integration, Kevin O'Keefe

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Reforming The Law On Show-Up Identifications, Michael D. Cicchini, Joseph G. Easton Jan 2010

Reforming The Law On Show-Up Identifications, Michael D. Cicchini, Joseph G. Easton

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Cultural Defense, Cultural Offense, Or No Culture At All: An Empirical Examination Of Israeli Judicial Decisions In Cultural Conflict Criminal Cases And Of The Factors Affecting Them, Tamar Tomer-Fishman Jan 2010

Cultural Defense, Cultural Offense, Or No Culture At All: An Empirical Examination Of Israeli Judicial Decisions In Cultural Conflict Criminal Cases And Of The Factors Affecting Them, Tamar Tomer-Fishman

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Police Checkpoints: Lack Of Guidance From The Supreme Court Contributes To Disregard Of Civil Liberties In The District Of Columbia, Jason Fiebig Jan 2010

Police Checkpoints: Lack Of Guidance From The Supreme Court Contributes To Disregard Of Civil Liberties In The District Of Columbia, Jason Fiebig

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Racial And Ethnic Disparity And Criminal Justice: How Much Is Too Much, Robert D. Crutchfield, April Fernandes, Jorge Martinez Jan 2010

Racial And Ethnic Disparity And Criminal Justice: How Much Is Too Much, Robert D. Crutchfield, April Fernandes, Jorge Martinez

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Damaged Daughters: The History Of Girls' Sexuality And The Juvenile Justice System, Lisa Pasko Jan 2010

Damaged Daughters: The History Of Girls' Sexuality And The Juvenile Justice System, Lisa Pasko

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Remarks At The Dinner Celebrating The Centennial Of The Journal Of Criminal Law And Criminology, Steven A. Drizin Jan 2010

Remarks At The Dinner Celebrating The Centennial Of The Journal Of Criminal Law And Criminology, Steven A. Drizin

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Lost In Translation: Domestic Violence, The Personal Is Political, And The Criminal Justice System, Kimberly D. Bailey Jan 2010

Lost In Translation: Domestic Violence, The Personal Is Political, And The Criminal Justice System, Kimberly D. Bailey

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Liberation Reconsidered: Understanding Why Judges And Juries Disagree About Guilt, Amy Farrell, Daniel Givelber Jan 2010

Liberation Reconsidered: Understanding Why Judges And Juries Disagree About Guilt, Amy Farrell, Daniel Givelber

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Swinging For The Fences: How Comprehensive Drug Testing, Inc. Missed The Ball On Digital Searches, Vincent Angermeier Jan 2010

Swinging For The Fences: How Comprehensive Drug Testing, Inc. Missed The Ball On Digital Searches, Vincent Angermeier

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


(Trans)Forming The Provocation Defense, Morgan Tilleman Jan 2010

(Trans)Forming The Provocation Defense, Morgan Tilleman

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


The Rise And Fall Of The American Institute Of Criminal Law And Criminology, Jennifer Devroye Jan 2010

The Rise And Fall Of The American Institute Of Criminal Law And Criminology, Jennifer Devroye

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Learning From Error In American Criminal Justice, James M. Doyle Jan 2010

Learning From Error In American Criminal Justice, James M. Doyle

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


Denying Defendants The Benefit Of A Reasonable Doubt: Federal Rule Of Evidence 609 And Past Sex Crime Convictions, Julia T. Rickert Jan 2010

Denying Defendants The Benefit Of A Reasonable Doubt: Federal Rule Of Evidence 609 And Past Sex Crime Convictions, Julia T. Rickert

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.


When The Law Preserves Injustice: Issues Raised By A Wrongful Incarceration Exception To Attorney-Client Confidentiality, Inbal Hasbani Jan 2010

When The Law Preserves Injustice: Issues Raised By A Wrongful Incarceration Exception To Attorney-Client Confidentiality, Inbal Hasbani

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

No abstract provided.