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Great Plains Quarterly

1989

Articles 1 - 30 of 59

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Irrigating With Windmills On The Great Plains, T. Lindsay Baker Jan 1989

Irrigating With Windmills On The Great Plains, T. Lindsay Baker

Great Plains Quarterly

In his 1895 graduation thesis from the state agricultural college at Manhattan, Kansas, Fred E. Rader declared of the windmill, "Without, we must emigrate; with it, we can irrigate."1 Rader summarized the feelings of many farmers in the Arkansas and Platte valleys and elsewhere across the Great Plains in the mid-1890s. He wrote in the heyday of windmill irrigation in the area, when machines employing the free power of the wind to pump water from the ground were seen as the salvation of the region.


Controlled Pasture Burning In The Folklife Of The Kansas Flint Hills, James Hoy Jan 1989

Controlled Pasture Burning In The Folklife Of The Kansas Flint Hills, James Hoy

Great Plains Quarterly

The Flint Hills of Kansas, forming a band approximately fifty miles wide, start north of Manhattan near the Nebraska border and run south nearly two hundred miles, at which point they merge into the Osage Hills of Oklahoma. This area, together with the row of counties bordering the Flint Hills to the east, is sometimes labeled the Bluestem Grazing Region; its four million acres of native grass represent the remaining one percent of a tallgrass prairie that once stretched north to Canada and east to Indiana and Ohio. 1 Cattle raising in the Flint Hills portion of this region differs ...


Index To Vol.9 No.4 Jan 1989

Index To Vol.9 No.4

Great Plains Quarterly

No abstract provided.


Notes And News For Vol.9 No.4 Jan 1989

Notes And News For Vol.9 No.4

Great Plains Quarterly

No abstract provided.


Rural German-Speaking Women In Early Nebraksa And Kansas: Ethnicity As A Factor In Frontier Adptation, Linda Schelbitzki Pickle Jan 1989

Rural German-Speaking Women In Early Nebraksa And Kansas: Ethnicity As A Factor In Frontier Adptation, Linda Schelbitzki Pickle

Great Plains Quarterly

Germans were the largest foreign-born ethnic group in nineteenth-century Kansas and Nebraska. Whether one includes all of the German speakers or only those who came from one of the many states eventually united into one German nation, these immigrants made up a sizeable proportion of the frontier population. Counting only the latter group, by 1900 eighteen percent of the residents of Nebraska and almost nine percent of the residents of Kansas were either first- or second-generation Germans. 1 Because of the size of the German population, their various times of emigration, and the diversity of their European origins and cultural ...


The Art Museum As Personal Statement: The Southwest Experience, Keith L. Bryant Jr Jan 1989

The Art Museum As Personal Statement: The Southwest Experience, Keith L. Bryant Jr

Great Plains Quarterly

The museum boom in this country since World War II has been easy to observe and document. Almost as many museums were constructed in the 1960s as in the previous two decades, and the erection or expansion of cultural palaces has continued into the 1980s. The rising importance of museums has been signaled not only by new buildings and massive additions but also by attendance figures. The leading public attraction in the United States is neither professional football nor baseball; it is the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. This overwhelming public response is not limited to the ...


Arts Institutions On The Great Plains: An Inroduction, Norman A. Geske Jan 1989

Arts Institutions On The Great Plains: An Inroduction, Norman A. Geske

Great Plains Quarterly

T he papers in this issue of Great Plains Quarterly were presented at the symposium "The Arts on the Plains: The Role of Institutions," held 16-18 March 1988. The Nebraska Art Association, celebrating its one hundredth anniversary, collaborated in hosting the conference. The conference focused the Association's review of its own scope and impact by establishing a context of comparable efforts by other organizations, institutions, and individuals in the Great Plains and adjacent states. The six papers that follow illustrate the breadth of that comparison.


Businessman, Bibliophile, And Patron: Edward E. Ayer And His Collection Of American Indian Art, Frederick E. Hoxie Jan 1989

Businessman, Bibliophile, And Patron: Edward E. Ayer And His Collection Of American Indian Art, Frederick E. Hoxie

Great Plains Quarterly

Like communities of people, museums and libraries often carry a distinct set of values into the world. Through shared values, these cultural institutions maintain a special sense of their own identity and mission. This sense of common purpose, while valuable, is not always a good thing. A belief that "this is what we stand for" can carry an institution through adversity, but it can also blind it to new opportunities or foster a distorted sense of its own history.


Seeing More Than Earth And Sky: The Rise Of A Great Aesthetic, Howard Roberts Lamar Jan 1989

Seeing More Than Earth And Sky: The Rise Of A Great Aesthetic, Howard Roberts Lamar

Great Plains Quarterly

Sometime in the 1880s, Sallie Cover, a Nebraska settler in Garfield County, painted a picture of the homestead of her neighbor, Ellsworth L. Ball. This attractive primitive painting can be seen in the Nebraska State Historical Society in Lincoln. Various authorities have asserted that it is the first known painting by a local Nebraska artist. 1 Although we know very little about Mrs. Cover, the painting suggests that she liked her neighbor's rational and neat homestead. She painted the earth rich and black, the grass healthy green, and flowers along the front path. New trees have been planted, but ...


Notes And News For Vol.9 No.2 Jan 1989

Notes And News For Vol.9 No.2

Great Plains Quarterly

No abstract provided.


Joint Venture Or Testy Alliance?: The Public Works Of Art Project In Minnesota, 1933-34, Thomas O'Sullivan Jan 1989

Joint Venture Or Testy Alliance?: The Public Works Of Art Project In Minnesota, 1933-34, Thomas O'Sullivan

Great Plains Quarterly

Like many American painters of his generation, Syd Fossum left art school under the cloud of the Great Depression. The economic uncertainties of the 1930s only added to the dubious support a young painter in the Midwest might expect. But an unimagined opportunity launched Fossum and many others into unparalleled productivity as artists and self-respect as involved members of the art community and American society. Fossum's own reminiscences suggest the excitement of the moment. He recalled that in December 1933 he received a letter assigning him to the newly formed Public Works of Art Project (PWAP).


State Humanities Councils And Cultural Institutions On The Great Plains, Sarah Z. Rosenberg Jan 1989

State Humanities Councils And Cultural Institutions On The Great Plains, Sarah Z. Rosenberg

Great Plains Quarterly

T his study covers the state humanities councils in the Great Plains for the four year period 1983-86. Biennial reports to the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH), upon which the study is based, are staggered for the convenience of NEH reviewers. As a result my data are either for 1983-84 or for 1985-86. I chose this time frame because by 1983 most state councils had been in existence for at least ten years and were past the years of experimentation and because the data available in these reports are presented consistently. I have included the ten Great Plains states-North ...


Introduction To Federal And State Arts And Humanities Agencies, Robin S. Tryloff, Sarah Z. Rosenberg Jan 1989

Introduction To Federal And State Arts And Humanities Agencies, Robin S. Tryloff, Sarah Z. Rosenberg

Great Plains Quarterly

Since 1965 the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) and the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH), along with the state arts agencies (SAAs) and state humanities councils, as those were established, have been arguably the most influential of all institutions affecting the arts in the United States. As executive directors of, respectively, the Nebraska Arts Council and the Nebraska Committee for the Humanities we daily witnessed the impact of our institutions on the arts of the Great Plains. The following brief introduction to NEA and NEH provides the background for our individual articles about the types of agencies we ...


The Role Of State Arts Agencies In The Promotion And Development Og The Arts On The Plains, Robin S. Tryloff Jan 1989

The Role Of State Arts Agencies In The Promotion And Development Og The Arts On The Plains, Robin S. Tryloff

Great Plains Quarterly

A healthy artistic climate does not depend solely on the work of a handful of supremely gifted individuals. It demands the cultivation of talent and ability at all levels. It demands that everyday work, run-of-the-mill work, esoteric and unpopular work should be given a chance; not so much in the hope that genius may one day spring from it, but because, for those who make the arts their life and work, even modest accomplishment is an end in itself and a value worth encouraging. The pursuit of exceUence is a proper goal, but it is not the race itself. 1 ...


Review Of Native American Architecture., Carroll Van West Jan 1989

Review Of Native American Architecture., Carroll Van West

Great Plains Quarterly

Over the past generation, studies of American vernacular architecture have transformed the way we look at the landscape. But not until the publication of Peter Nabokov and Robert Easton's Native American Architecture did we have a recent comprehensive exploration of the real roots of American architecture, the buildings, structures, and landscapes of Native Americans. Nabokov and Easton fill this massive gap in scholarship splendidly and their book will be a basic reference in American vernacular architecture for years to come.


Review Of Prime Fathers, Les Whipp Jan 1989

Review Of Prime Fathers, Les Whipp

Great Plains Quarterly

Frederick Manfred's Prime Fathers is a great convenience for readers, critics, and scholars of his fiction. It gathers together miscellaneous pieces of his non-fiction that have previously been scattered over the last thirty-seven years in places as diverse as the Chicago Tribune and the American Scholar.


The Judicial Fortunes Of French On The Canadian Prairies, Donald A. Bailey Jan 1989

The Judicial Fortunes Of French On The Canadian Prairies, Donald A. Bailey

Great Plains Quarterly

Early European settlement patterns on the Canadian and U.S. prairies had many common features. Diverse peoples settled side-by-side, though often in distinct ethnic concentrations, and heritage cultures and languages persisted for several generations, even as significant assimilation to the dominant culture simultaneously occurred. Interaction and assimilation were not always harmonious, however, for intra-ethnic disagreements about heritage loyalty versus assimilation and friction with the dominant or another culture consumed many energies. Periods of war or economic crisis brought out xenophobic suspicions among the dominant and fully assimilated groups, suspicions that sometimes led to attempts at oppressive legislative measures that were ...


Review Of Indian Lives: Essays On Nineteenth- And Twentieth- Century Native American Leaders And North American Indian Lives, Charles G. Ballard Jan 1989

Review Of Indian Lives: Essays On Nineteenth- And Twentieth- Century Native American Leaders And North American Indian Lives, Charles G. Ballard

Great Plains Quarterly

Readers will no doubt react favorably to the descriptions of eight unusual people, classified generally as American Indians, that the editors of Indian Lives have assembled. They range from Maris Bryant Pierce of the Seneca (1811-1874) to Peterson Zah (born 1937), the former tribal chairman of the Navajo. Three women are included, the Hopi-Tewa potter Nampeyo (1860- 1942), Dr. Susan LaFleshe Picotte (1865-1915) from the Omaha tribe, and Minnie Kellogg (1880-1949) from the Oneidas of Wisconsin. The three remaining men are Henry Chee Dodge (1857-1947), the crusty first chairman of the Navajo tribal council in 1923, Charles Curtis (1860-1936), who ...


Review Of Texas Country: The Changing Rural Scene, Lawrence Clayton Jan 1989

Review Of Texas Country: The Changing Rural Scene, Lawrence Clayton

Great Plains Quarterly

Although the United States boasts many large, progressive cities, many areas are still in reluctant transition from rural to urban. This transition has been rapid and exciting in some areas and mostly for younger people, but too rapid and painful for others whose orientation is toward a supportive past.


Review Of ''The Orders Of The Dreamed": George Nelson On Cree And Northern Ojibwa Religion And Myth, 1823, Olive Patricia Dickson Jan 1989

Review Of ''The Orders Of The Dreamed": George Nelson On Cree And Northern Ojibwa Religion And Myth, 1823, Olive Patricia Dickson

Great Plains Quarterly

As Amerindian traditional religions gain legitimacy in the eyes of a world dominated by the "big five" (Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism), they are coming in for more and more study. Unfortunately, New World belief systems as they existed at the time of first contact have on the whole been very poorly documented, a consequence of the Christian conviction that if they could be called religions at all, they were inspired by the devil. The best records that have come down to us were compiled by the Spaniards, who, in order to destroy the civilizations of Mexico and Central and ...


Review Of Among The Sioux Of Dakota: Eighteen Months' Experience As An Indian Agent, 1869-70, Elizabeth S. Grobsmith Jan 1989

Review Of Among The Sioux Of Dakota: Eighteen Months' Experience As An Indian Agent, 1869-70, Elizabeth S. Grobsmith

Great Plains Quarterly

This brief narrative was written by DeWitt Clinton Poole, Indian agent at the Whetstone Agency in Dakota Territory from 1869 to 1870. In a rather extensive introduction, Raymond DeMallie describes the establishment of the Agency and the difficulties Poole encountered there and admonishes the reader about Poole's paternalistic and racist view of Indian life. DeMallie reports: "Among the Sioux of Dakota is not a memorable book for its insight into American Indian culture . . . Poole failed to achieve any understanding of Sioux religion, admitting that he could see in it only 'selfishness and vindictiveness'" (lii). But DeMallie rightfully acknowledges the ...


Review Of A Generation Of Boomers: The Pattern Of Railroad Labor Conflict In Nineteenth-Century America., Russell S. Kirby Jan 1989

Review Of A Generation Of Boomers: The Pattern Of Railroad Labor Conflict In Nineteenth-Century America., Russell S. Kirby

Great Plains Quarterly

In this ambitious volume the author interprets the nascent railroad labor movement of the late nineteenth century within a broad socio- economic framework. "Boomers," the subject of this book, built and maintained the railroad lines, serviced the locomotives and running stock, manned the freight yards, ran and conducted the trains. Although many of these men had transitory employment histories, others demonstrated both geographical persistence and upward occupational mobility within the railroad industry. As Shelton Stromquist demonstrates, strike behavior on the railroads of the late nineteenth century was related to railroad management strategies, the locations of railroad towns or railroad lines ...


Review Of Indian Education In Canada: Volume 2: The Challenge, Dana F. Lawrence Jan 1989

Review Of Indian Education In Canada: Volume 2: The Challenge, Dana F. Lawrence

Great Plains Quarterly

This twelve-essay volume follows Volume 1: The Legacy. Together they offer a comprehensive history of Indian education in Canada as well as a survey of current issues and future directions. Volume 2 has nine Indian/Metis authors, reflecting the move toward self-determination not only in Canada but in indigenous populations the world over. In Canada the movement has rallied around the phrase "Indian Control of Indian Education" and Volume 2: The Challenge addresses this topic.


Review Of Basic Texas Books: An Annotated Bibliography Of Selected Works For A Research Library, Glen E. Lich Jan 1989

Review Of Basic Texas Books: An Annotated Bibliography Of Selected Works For A Research Library, Glen E. Lich

Great Plains Quarterly

Two things always surprise one anew upon turning to John H. Jenkins's Basic Texas Books: its breadth of overview and the depth of its entries. Much has happened in Texas studies in the years since 1970 when Jenkins started to prepare the first edition of this volume; much more has transpired since 1983 when that edition was published. Yet Jenkins's selections and what he says about them hold up as well now as they did then, perhaps better.


Ethnic Women Homesteading On The Plains Of North Dakota, H. Elaine Lindgren Jan 1989

Ethnic Women Homesteading On The Plains Of North Dakota, H. Elaine Lindgren

Great Plains Quarterly

Women as well as men took advantage of government land policies that encouraged settlement on the Great Plains. Researchers have replaced earlier stereotypes that emphasized the reluctance of women to participate in the settlement process by more dynamic and realistic conceptualizations that portray women as courageous, enthusiastic, and adventuresome. 1


Notes And News For Vol.3 No.9 Jan 1989

Notes And News For Vol.3 No.9

Great Plains Quarterly

No abstract provided.


Review Of The Female Frontier: A Comparative View Of Women On The Prairie And The Plains., Alice Hall Petry Jan 1989

Review Of The Female Frontier: A Comparative View Of Women On The Prairie And The Plains., Alice Hall Petry

Great Plains Quarterly

You've seen her in a hundred books, movies, and television programs: the "madonna of the prairie." But how much of the image of the frontier woman is accurate, and how much is the product of a curious alliance between Victorian ideals of womanhood and the public relations rhetoric of booster-minded Midwestern hamlets? In The Female Frontier, Glenda Riley seeks to unveil the true frontier woman of the prairies and the Great Plains; and although her book is not consistently satisfying, it does much to correct the most persistent myths of the frontier woman while pointing to areas for further ...


Review Of Ole Edvart Rölvaag, Rodney P. Rice Jan 1989

Review Of Ole Edvart Rölvaag, Rodney P. Rice

Great Plains Quarterly

This welcome addition to the Western Writers Series differs from other studies on Rolvaag because it attempts to place him within the broader context of American literature rather than strictly within ethnic or geographic boundaries. Moseley argues that Rölvaag, like many American authors before him, successfully combines elements of realism, naturalism, and myth not only to reveal the inherent contradictions in the frontier experience but also to examine universal themes such as the conflict between Old World tradition and New World individuality. The result is a convincing, perceptive, and reliable introduction to Rolvaag's fiction, useful to all students of ...


Review Of Sentinel Of The Southern Plains: Fort Richardson And The Northwest Texas Frontier, 1866-1878, Michael L. Tate Jan 1989

Review Of Sentinel Of The Southern Plains: Fort Richardson And The Northwest Texas Frontier, 1866-1878, Michael L. Tate

Great Plains Quarterly

Slightly more than a century ag9 the dreaded "Comanche Moon" of each month virtually assured devastating Indian raids upon the isolated ranches of Texas' northwestern frontier. No issue raised more ire in the state legislature or produced more animosity between state and federal officials than did this. To protect these exposed settlements, the War Department established a thin line of military posts from the Red River to the Rio Grande. Anchoring the northern zone was Fort Richardson, established in 1866 with a garrison to patrol the upper Brazos River country and to tum back raiding parties of Comanches and Kiowas ...


Review Of From Pittsburgh To The Rocky Mountains; Major Stephen Long's Expedition, 1819-1820, John L. Allen Jan 1989

Review Of From Pittsburgh To The Rocky Mountains; Major Stephen Long's Expedition, 1819-1820, John L. Allen

Great Plains Quarterly

The task of editing historical documents is a difficult one; the editor must tread a fine line between preserving the historical integrity of the original text while offering the fresh and insightful information on that text that makes the new edition valuable. The responsibility of the historical editor becomes even more challenging when much of the editorial work involves the condensation of a lengthy original into a shorter new edition. In this new edition of the chronicles of Stephen Long's expedition across the Central Plains to the Rockies, the editor has successfully negotiated the shoals and reefs of condensation ...