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Great Plains Quarterly

1987

Articles 1 - 30 of 55

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Song Texts And Their Performers: The Centerpiece Of Contemporary Lakota Identity Formulation, R. D. Theisz Apr 1987

Song Texts And Their Performers: The Centerpiece Of Contemporary Lakota Identity Formulation, R. D. Theisz

Great Plains Quarterly

During the 1960s and 1970s both American Indians and non-Indians showed intense interest in and awareness of the Indian world, and many traditional activities became more popular. This boom atmosphere has waned in the late 1980s, and Indian youths and young adults have therefore changed the focus of their search for identity formulation. In this article, I have been concerned with an aspect of Lakota traditionalism that is being granted more and more significance in the Lakota scheme of things-traditional song and dance. I have based the article on my readings in ethnomusicological literature, my informal observations over many years ...


Notes & News (Great Plains Quarterly 7:2 [Spring 1987]) Apr 1987

Notes & News (Great Plains Quarterly 7:2 [Spring 1987])

Great Plains Quarterly

IN MEMORIAM Margaret Laurence

Twelfth annual conference, to be held 16-18 March 1988, will be "The Arts on the Plains: The Role of Institutions."

Western Literature Association will hold its annual meeting at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln 15-17 October 1987

Baylor University will hold a national symposium entitled "Regionalism: Concepts and Applications" 1-3 October 1987.

Many back issues of Great Plains Quarterly are still available

ERRATA -- Prairie Politics and Society: Regionalism in Decline, by Roger Gibbins, was attributed to the wrong publisher in a review


Plains Indian Agrariaism And Class Conflict, Russel Lawrence Barsh Jan 1987

Plains Indian Agrariaism And Class Conflict, Russel Lawrence Barsh

Great Plains Quarterly

Relatively little has been done to trace the political structures of American Indians through the years 1890 to 1940, when reservation economics were undergoing their most dramatic changes. That failure has left the false impression of a fifty-vear institutional vacuum. In fact, the middle years were times of complex reJisrrihutions of power ;md the emergence of indigellous socioeconomic classes. It was also perhaps the earliest period in which Plains Indians enjoyed anything like an Americanstyle, decentralized elective democracy. Federal programs shifted the control of the Indians' food supply. From being skilled hunter- organizers they became recipients of gc)\"ernnwnt patronage ...


The Indian Reorganization Act And The Loss Of Tribal Sovereignty: Constitutions On The Rosebud And Pine Ridge Reservations, Richmond L. Clow Jan 1987

The Indian Reorganization Act And The Loss Of Tribal Sovereignty: Constitutions On The Rosebud And Pine Ridge Reservations, Richmond L. Clow

Great Plains Quarterly

The rhetoric of the Indian New Deal has directed scholars to study tribal political activities only after the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934. Graham D. Taylor expressed the prevailing opinion when he claimed that "the tribal governments established under the Indian Reorganization Act constitute a totally new and unfamiliar level of organization for many Indian groups.'" Although the flurry of new tribal constitutions adopted after 1934 overshadowed previous constitutional activities, Taylor and others overstate the case. Indian tribes had always had the right to determine their own form of government, and many tribes, beginning with the Cherokee in 1827, had ...


Plains Indian Sculpture: A Traditional Art From America's Heartland., George P. Horse Capture Jan 1987

Plains Indian Sculpture: A Traditional Art From America's Heartland., George P. Horse Capture

Great Plains Quarterly

Many years ago as the beauty and importance of Plains Indian art and history became more essential to my life, I felt the impact of Dr. Ewers long before finally meeting him and his wonderful wife, Marge, in Cody at a Plains Indian seminar fish-fry. We soon made friends and this relationship endures to this day. Knowing of this upcoming work and the extensive research Dr. Ewers devoted to the relatively little-known topic of Plains Indian miniature sculpture, I am elated with this latest publication by a master of the field.


After The Buffalo Were Gone: The Louis Warren Hill, Sr., Collection Of Indian Art., Richard W. Etulain Jan 1987

After The Buffalo Were Gone: The Louis Warren Hill, Sr., Collection Of Indian Art., Richard W. Etulain

Great Plains Quarterly

This catalogue of the Louis W. Hill Collection of Indian art and crafts, evenly divided between the Museum of the Plains Indians in Browning, Montana, and the Science Museum of Minnesota in St. Paul, makes available to specialists and general readers a visual portrait of a notable collection. While nearly 170 of the book's 256 pages consist of brief descriptions alongside black-and-white illustrations of items contained in the Hill collection, the volume also includes an account of Louis W. Hill, Glacier Park, and the gathering of the Hill collection by Ann T. Walton; a very brief essay by noted ...


The Life And Times Of James Willard Schultz (Apikuni)., Starr Jenkins Jan 1987

The Life And Times Of James Willard Schultz (Apikuni)., Starr Jenkins

Great Plains Quarterly

Warren Hanna h ere gives us a splendid, complete biography of James Willard Schultz (1 859-1947), a not-so-well -known but excellent writer on the America n West. In 1877, at seventeen, Schultz arrived in Montana Territory and "began to live intimately the life of an Indian [among the Blackfeet] almost from the day he arrived in the West. He ate their food, slept in their lodges , and began to learn the difficult Blackfoot language; he eventually was able not only to speak it well but to think as the Indians did. He began to see the world through the eyes ...


Plains Indian Cultures: An Introduction, Frances W. Kaye Jan 1987

Plains Indian Cultures: An Introduction, Frances W. Kaye

Great Plains Quarterly

In March 1986 more than 200 scholars and other participants came to a symposium entitled "Plains Indian Cultures: Past and Present Meanings." The six articles that follow represent a cross section of the conference. Two separate volumes of conference papers, on international perspectives and on policy issues, are to be published later. We thank Vernon Snow and the Snow Foundation for supporting all of these publications.


In The Land Of Th Indian Woslata: Plains Indian Influences On Reservation Whites, Timothy J. Kloberdanz Jan 1987

In The Land Of Th Indian Woslata: Plains Indian Influences On Reservation Whites, Timothy J. Kloberdanz

Great Plains Quarterly

If one climbs the high grassy hill that overlooks the town of Fort Yates on the Standing Rock Reservation in south-central North Dakota, the scene that gradually unfolds is an engaging one. Fort Yates is bordered on practically all sides by the expansive waters of Lake Oahe. Except for the fact that the community resembles a veritable island, it looks much like other Great Plains towns, with an assortment of generously spaced old and new structures. From the top of the hill to the north, one can sec for miles across the lake and the Missouri River to the rolling ...


The Plains Indians Of The Twentieth Century., Thomas F. Schilz Jan 1987

The Plains Indians Of The Twentieth Century., Thomas F. Schilz

Great Plains Quarterly

Peter Iverson's The Plains Indians of the Twentieth Century is an attempt to document some of contemporary Plains Indian life. Iverson's collaborators include a number of well-known writers on Indian history and social issues, but their contributions are drawn from previously published works rather than being written for this anthology.


Acculturation By Design: Architectural Determinism And The Montana Indian Reservations, 1870-1930, Carroll Van West Jan 1987

Acculturation By Design: Architectural Determinism And The Montana Indian Reservations, 1870-1930, Carroll Van West

Great Plains Quarterly

Everything the Power of the World docs is done in a circle. The sky is round like a hall, and [ have heard that the earth is round like a ball, and so are all the stars. The wind in its greatest power, whirls. Birds make their nests in circles, for theirs i, the same religion ;1S ours. The sun comes forth and goes down again in a circle. The moon docs the same, and both arc round. Even the seasons form a great ,circle from childhood to childhood, and so it is in everything where power moves. Our teepees were ...


The Expeditions Of John Charles Fremont, John L. Allen Jan 1987

The Expeditions Of John Charles Fremont, John L. Allen

Great Plains Quarterly

With the publication of this third volume in the Expeditions of John Charles Fremont series, a massive compilation and editing task begun in 1965 has come to an end. The first volume and accompanying map portfolio, published in 1970, dealt with Fremont's travels between 1838 and 1844, focusing on the first and second expeditions into the American West which secured his fame as an explorer. The second, published in 1973, was devoted to Fremont's third expedition, his participation in the Bear Flag Revolt and subsequent court martial. Finally, the present work covers Fremont's travels between 1848 and ...


Coxey's Army: An American Odyssey., Robert W. Cherny Jan 1987

Coxey's Army: An American Odyssey., Robert W. Cherny

Great Plains Quarterly

Carlos Schwantes tells us in Coxey's Army that the 1894 "petition in boots" aroused greater fears of social disorder than any event since the disputed election of 1876, although he also makes clear that such fears were largely groundless. The march on Washington to demand federal jobs for the unemployed was the brain child of Jacob Coxey, a prosperous Ohio quarry-owner, and Carl Browne, an itinerant panorama-painter who joined marches of the unemployed in Chicago in 1893. Coxey hoped not only to eliminate unemployment and create good roads but also to inflate the currency bv paying workers in legal ...


Tribal Dispossession And The Ottawa Indian University Fraud., Thomas Burnell Colbert Jan 1987

Tribal Dispossession And The Ottawa Indian University Fraud., Thomas Burnell Colbert

Great Plains Quarterly

The story is complex with many actors-- white missionaries, church officials, land speculators, town boosters, government officials, and Ottawa Indian leaders from opposing factions. Good intentions are mixed with deceit. And in the final chapter, there is neither a happy nor a tragic ending, only a belated settlement. William E. Unrah and H. Craig Miner, two highly capable historians at Wichita State University, have produced this case study of the chicanery associated with the creation of Ottawa University in Ottawa, Kansas. They expose how the desire of Baptist missionaries to create a college for Ottawa Indians became entangled with land ...


State And Local Regulations For Reducing Agricultural Erosion And Ecological Planning For Farmland Preservation, Charles Deknatel Jan 1987

State And Local Regulations For Reducing Agricultural Erosion And Ecological Planning For Farmland Preservation, Charles Deknatel

Great Plains Quarterly

The authority to plan and regulate land use in the U.S. belongs to the states and is largely delegated to local governments. Agricultural policy is defined at the national level. These reports introduce planners to two major conservation problems in agriculture-soil erosion and conversion of farmland to other uses. Both documents offer guidance, methods and strategies aimed primarily at local and state action. Neither report offers conclusive analysis nor addresses the national and international market influences on agriculture policy.


West Of Wichita: Settling The High Plains Of Kansas, 1865-1890., David M. Emmons Jan 1987

West Of Wichita: Settling The High Plains Of Kansas, 1865-1890., David M. Emmons

Great Plains Quarterly

Craig Miner's new book is a social history of the settlement of a specific Western region. In methodology and manner of presentation it resembles other "new" social histories. It is interdisciplinary and based on the social scientists' modeling techniques. Miner cites European historians and, what is more remarkable, one can imagine them citing him. He uses unconventional primary materialsmanuscript censuses, tax records, and the reminiscences of the "ordinary" people whose story he tells; he concentrates on the material lives of those people, "the fellows at the bottom," Bertolt Brecht called them, the ones, according to T. E. Lawrence who ...


Tom Benton And His Drawings: A Biographical Essa)' And A Collection Of His Sketches, Studies, And Mural Cartoons, Richard W. Etulain Jan 1987

Tom Benton And His Drawings: A Biographical Essa)' And A Collection Of His Sketches, Studies, And Mural Cartoons, Richard W. Etulain

Great Plains Quarterly

This volume, which reproduces about two hundred of Thomas Hart Benton's more than two thousand works, is a valuable scholarly study as well as a handsomely produced book about one of the modern West's most significant artists. As such, it avoids the major limitation of many recent works on western art in which academic excellence is sacrificed to the larger-and less notable-aim of producing a visually appealing book with sales potential.


The Assault On Assimilation: John Collier And The Origins Of Indian Policy Reform, Henry E. Fritz Jan 1987

The Assault On Assimilation: John Collier And The Origins Of Indian Policy Reform, Henry E. Fritz

Great Plains Quarterly

About one quarter of this book is devoted to John Collier's interest in various kinds of social experiments before he discovered the American Indian. One learns a great deal about Collier's family background and his association with Mabel Dodge, Stella Atwood, Tony Luhan, Dr. John R. Haynes, and D. H. Lawrence. No additional research will be needed in reference to these aspects of Collier's reform impulse and orientation.


Early Fur Trade On The Northern Plains: Canadian Traders Among The Mandan And Hidatsa Indians, 1738-1818., James A. Hanson Jan 1987

Early Fur Trade On The Northern Plains: Canadian Traders Among The Mandan And Hidatsa Indians, 1738-1818., James A. Hanson

Great Plains Quarterly

The permanent villages of farming Indians on the Upper Missouri were a central focus for trade in prehistoric times. By the beginning of the eighteenth century, both French and Spanish traders had reach ed the area, and by the early nineteenth century, the Mandan- Hidatsa villages had come to be a Parisian entrepot for the buffalo hunting tribes, the St. Louis and Canadian traders, and the artists and explorers of young America. While the drive up the Missouri from St. Louis is well documented, Wood and Thiessen have unveiled for us an exciting story of the important and early Canadian ...


Time And Vision In Wright Morris's Photographs Of Nebraska, Joanne Jacobson Jan 1987

Time And Vision In Wright Morris's Photographs Of Nebraska, Joanne Jacobson

Great Plains Quarterly

Wright Morris is better known as a writer than as a photographer, but his photographs of Nebraska deserve more attention than they have received. Morris's work in the 1930s never achieved the fame of the Farm Security Administration photographs. And he himself cut short his photographic work of the 1940s when he and his publishers became frustrated with the expense and the aesthetic strain of his early books' photo-text format. But Morris's images of a premodern Nebraska, taken from the 1930s to the early 1950s, form an impressive body of work that is especially acute for its rendering ...


Trails South: The Wagon-Road Economy In The Dodge City-Panhandle Region, Richard L. Lane Jan 1987

Trails South: The Wagon-Road Economy In The Dodge City-Panhandle Region, Richard L. Lane

Great Plains Quarterly

The Dodge City-Panhandle Region, as C. Robert Haywood defines it, encompassed a "ragged, imprecise triangle" with its base in the upper panhandle of Texas and its apex at Dodge City. Haywood persuasively argues that for two formative decades-1868 to 1888-this region was unified not only by "common physiographical and demographical characteristics" but by an economic interdependence that transcended state and territorial boundary lines. As a market, shipping point, and source of supply, Dodge City was the effective, if not political, capital of the region. Such remote and diverse locations as Tascosa, Texas, and Fort Supply, Oklahoma, were linked to Dodge ...


Review Of N. Scott Momaday: The Cultural And Literary Background By Matthias Schubnell, Kenneth C. Mason Jan 1987

Review Of N. Scott Momaday: The Cultural And Literary Background By Matthias Schubnell, Kenneth C. Mason

Great Plains Quarterly

Despite the fact that Momaday's individual books have received a good deal of attention in the form of critical essays, this is the first book-length treatment of his work. It is a happy circumstance, then, for Momaday and for scholars of Native American literature, that Schubnell has written such a broad, penetrating, and extensively researched study. This book will doubtless be the standard Momaday critical text for some time to come.


Foreign Investment In The American And Canadian West, 1870-1914: An Annotated Bibliography, Larry A. Mcfarlane Jan 1987

Foreign Investment In The American And Canadian West, 1870-1914: An Annotated Bibliography, Larry A. Mcfarlane

Great Plains Quarterly

Anne Ostrye, head of reference in the William Coe Library at the University of Wyoming, has compiled a useful annotated bibliography of foreign investment in the North American West. This region includes the tier of states from Texas through the Dakotas and westward to the Pacific (with some information from farther east) and those provinces from Manitoba through British Columbia, the Yukon, and the Northwest Territories. The foreign investments identified are primarily British, although some Dutch, French, and German ventures are also noted (and after 1900 American investments in Canada).


Political Prairie Fire: The Nonpartisan League, 1915-1922 And The Nonpartisan League, 1915-22: An Annotated Bibliography, Kathleen Moum Jan 1987

Political Prairie Fire: The Nonpartisan League, 1915-1922 And The Nonpartisan League, 1915-22: An Annotated Bibliography, Kathleen Moum

Great Plains Quarterly

The Nonpartisan League was a post-Populist movement of farmers that arose in North Dakota in 1915 and rapidly spread throughout the Upper Midwest. Within a few years the League won primary elections against candidates of the established parties and gained control of the North Dakota government. Massive numbers of North Dakota farmers voted to bring in the League and its radical platform. The goal of the League was to alleviate the economic suffering of North Dakota farmers caused by outside forces over which they had no control, and to that end it sponsored a program of progressive legislation that included ...


Harvest Of Grief: The Grasshopper Plagues And Public Assistance In Minnesota, 1873-78, Gary D. Olson Jan 1987

Harvest Of Grief: The Grasshopper Plagues And Public Assistance In Minnesota, 1873-78, Gary D. Olson

Great Plains Quarterly

From 1873 to 1878 there occurred one of the worst economic depressions in this country. The western frontier also experienced a second calamity that, with cruel irony, recurred each year for the duration of the depression. This calamity, the grasshopper infestation, is the subject of this book. The author has focused her attention upon the "grasshopper plagues and public assistance in Minnesota" from 1873-1878. It is her purpose to study "the response to the plagues personally, locally, and at the state and national levels" in order to understand attitudes, and to examine the relationship between farm people and their government ...


Thunderstorm Morphology And Dynamics, Second Edition, Revised And Enlarged., Alec H. Paul Jan 1987

Thunderstorm Morphology And Dynamics, Second Edition, Revised And Enlarged., Alec H. Paul

Great Plains Quarterly

This is Volume 2 in the three-volume series Thunderstorms: A Social, Scientific, and Technological Documentary. The first, The Thunderstorm in Human Affairs, was reviewed in Great Plains Quarterly, Summer 1984. This second offering is also a fine product but is highly technical in places, much larger, more detailed, and considerably more expensive. It is a book for the thunderstorm specialist rather than for the general reader.


On The Nature Of The Horse Of The American West In Nineteenth Century Art, Martin E. Petersen Jan 1987

On The Nature Of The Horse Of The American West In Nineteenth Century Art, Martin E. Petersen

Great Plains Quarterly

In nineteenth century America the horse was identified with the frontier and served as an image of independence and unrestrained freedom. Western travelers published in their diaries and journals accounts of sighting mustangs, the wild horses of the prairies. Washington Irving's vivid descriptions in his Tour on the Prairirs (1835) were among the earliest. In painting, literature's sister art, however, images of the western horse do not correspond with the written descriptions of the livestock that actually inhabited the area. The artists, rather, painted the ideal Arahian horse, a recognizable type developed throughout the century. The Arahian, considered ...


Climate Of The Great Plains Region Of The United States, Norman J. Rosenberg Jan 1987

Climate Of The Great Plains Region Of The United States, Norman J. Rosenberg

Great Plains Quarterly

The climate of the Great Plains is extreme and variable. A wide range of weather conditions can occur within the period of a day, from one day to the next, from season to season, and from year to year. There are two key reasons for this situation: (1) the greatest portion of the Plains is remote from any major body of water and (2) air masses of differing characteristics alternate frequently in their dominance of the region.


Cities Of The Prairie Revisited: The Closing Of The Metropolitan Frontier, John C. Schneider Jan 1987

Cities Of The Prairie Revisited: The Closing Of The Metropolitan Frontier, John C. Schneider

Great Plains Quarterly

In a series of highly-regarded publications during the early 1970s, Daniel Elazar selected ten medium-sized communities he believed were representative of urban America, placed them in a broad historical context, and examined their ability to respond politically to the changes and problems confronting them in the years between World War II and the Kennedy administration. Elazar now returns to those same communities (predominantly in Illinois) and picks up the story where he left off, carrying it down through the Great Society, Vietnam, and Nixon's New Federalism.


Adobe Walls: The History And Archeology Of The 1874 Trading Post, Anne M. Wolley Jan 1987

Adobe Walls: The History And Archeology Of The 1874 Trading Post, Anne M. Wolley

Great Plains Quarterly

With the ever increasing public interest in archaeology, especially in historic archaeology, books such as this one are in great demand. Adobe Walls is a good example of how historic archaeology should be done and how it can be presented to the general public as well as to the academic community. The format of the book allows the general reader to become involved in the history of the Adobe Walls Trading Post as well as the actual archaeological work that took place at the site. At the same time the book provides concise information useful to other historians and archaeologists.