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Great Plains Quarterly

1986

Articles 31 - 60 of 72

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

International Drought Mitigation An Introduction, Donald A. Wilhite Jan 1986

International Drought Mitigation An Introduction, Donald A. Wilhite

Great Plains Quarterly

This special issue of Great Plains Quarterly includes the papers from the international sessions of the symposium, beginning with the keynote address by J. M. Powell, "Abideth Forever?" Global Use of Semiarid Lands in the Interwar Years." Powell's thesis is that the new nationalisms, old imperial networks, and burgeoning successes and ambitions of scientists combined between the two world wars to create new systems of land use in semiarid regions. In his introduction, Powell poses an interesting question: Were decisions about the management of these fragile ecosystems developed within the region as a result of experience, or outside the ...


Review Of The Battle Of Batoche: British Small Warfare And The Entrenched Métis By Walter Hildebrandt, Paul L. A. H. Chartrand Jan 1986

Review Of The Battle Of Batoche: British Small Warfare And The Entrenched Métis By Walter Hildebrandt, Paul L. A. H. Chartrand

Great Plains Quarterly

Metis readers will tend to react less than enthusiastically to even a fair portrayal of the military campaign which killed those whose deaths they commemorate in 1985. For that the author cannot be faulted. By his indiscriminate and unfortunate adoption of the colonizer's term "half-breed," however, he emphasizes that the traditional perception of the Metis remains.


Review Of Sophus K. Winther By Barbara Howard Meldrum, Joy Ritchie Jan 1986

Review Of Sophus K. Winther By Barbara Howard Meldrum, Joy Ritchie

Great Plains Quarterly

Sophus Winther, who documented the experience of Danish immigrants in the novel Take All to Nebraska, is often considered a strictly regional writer. Barbara Meldrum's analysis of Winther's fiction, political essays, and literary criticism provides evidence of a philosophical consistency and depth in Winther's writing which transcends regional boundaries. Writing about immigrants in rural settings, workers in modern cities, the soldier/ hero in post-war fiction, or about Eugene O'Neill's plays, Winther focuses on the individual struggle against the oppressiveness of physical and economic environments.


Review Of ] Effason And Southwestern Exploration: The Freeman And Custis Accounts Of The Red River Expedition Of 1806 Ed. By Dan L. Flores, James P. Ronda Jan 1986

Review Of ] Effason And Southwestern Exploration: The Freeman And Custis Accounts Of The Red River Expedition Of 1806 Ed. By Dan L. Flores, James P. Ronda

Great Plains Quarterly

The Freeman-Custis expedition does have an important place in exploration history. Flores's presentation of the documents, including the previously unpublished Custis natural history catalogue, goes a long way toward filling out the Jeffersonian roster of explorers. But Flores has weakened his book by half proven hints of conspiracy, charges of congressional cover-up, and occasional sniping at other expeditions. The Freeman-Custis story does not require hype. Readers will be pleased to have the documents but may reject Flores's telling of what they mean.


Great Plains Quarterly, Volume [6], No. [1], Winter 1986 Jan 1986

Great Plains Quarterly, Volume [6], No. [1], Winter 1986

Great Plains Quarterly

PICTURES AND PROSE: ROMANTIC SENSIBILITY AND THE GREAT PLAINS IN CATLIN, KANE, AND MILLER -Ann Davis and Robert Thacker

RITUAL PAGEANTRY IN THE AMERICAN WEST: A WYOMING CASE STUDY -Audrey C. Shalinsky

THE BIG ROCK CANDY MOUNTAIN: THE CONSEQUENCES OF A DELUSORY AMERICAN DREAM - Kenneth C. Mason

KANSAS THROUGH THE EYES OF KANSANS: PREFERENCES FOR COMMONLY VIEWED LANDSCAPES -Roxane Fridirici and Stephen E. White

BOOK REVIEWS

The Sixth Grandfather: Black Elk's Teaching Given to John G. Neihardt

A Final Promise: The Campaign to Assimilate the Indians

The Indian Frontier of the American West, 1846-1890

Native Faces: Indian Cultures in ...


Pictures And Prose Romantic Sensibility And The Great Plains In Catlin, Kane, And Miller, Ann Davis, Robert Thacker Jan 1986

Pictures And Prose Romantic Sensibility And The Great Plains In Catlin, Kane, And Miller, Ann Davis, Robert Thacker

Great Plains Quarterly

The romantic movement in America, like that in Europe, was characterized by fondness for the exotic and observation of nature. So the Great Plains and the peoples who lived there were favored topics of artists and writers from the mid-1820s through the 1850s. However, at its height the American romantic movement was challenged by a subtle but persistent search for realism. The distinctions between romanticism and realism in belles lettres were not always recognized, since early visual depictions of the plains were seen primarily as ethnographic material, records of an unknown land and the exotic beings who lived there. The ...


Kansas Through The Eyes Of Kansans Preferences For Commonly Viewed Landscapes, Roxane Fridirci, Stephen E. White Jan 1986

Kansas Through The Eyes Of Kansans Preferences For Commonly Viewed Landscapes, Roxane Fridirci, Stephen E. White

Great Plains Quarterly

Kansas does not spring to most minds as possessing unique or picturesque landscapes. A study by the Ozark Regional Commission to help promote tourism in Kansas found that the state is generally perceived to be devoid of scenery and things to do. l Drab was a word used by several respondents. Some held outright negative images of Kansas; others had no image at all and no desire to visit the state.

Kansas inspires in outsiders a certain amount of respect for its mercurial weather, bumper grain harvests, and natural gas and oil deposits, but it has no spectacular mountains with ...


The Big Rock Candy Mountain The Consequences Of A Delusory American Dream, Kenneth C. Mason Jan 1986

The Big Rock Candy Mountain The Consequences Of A Delusory American Dream, Kenneth C. Mason

Great Plains Quarterly

Wallace Stegner's great, obsessive theme, evidenced in all of his novels, from the first, Remembering Laughter (1938), to the latest, Recapitulation (1979), is the hard, painful process by which solid, culture-engendering and -preserving values are achieved. The portrayal of intrafamilial conflicts and tensions, extending across generations, has been the means by which Stegner has most successfully demonstrated this process of acquiring civilization-building values. Stegner has left the depiction of the alienation and angst of the modern antihero to others. The family is what truly inspires him, stimulating him to give sensate fictional body to his ideas. Critics have recognized ...


Notes & News Jan 1986

Notes & News

Great Plains Quarterly

SYMPOSIA: CENTER FOR GREAT PLAINS STUDIES (N. Scott Momaday; La Donna Harris; Peterson Zah; John W. Bennet)

FACES AND TYPEFACES (Warren W. Caldwell; John G. Peters)

MATCHING THE CHALLENGE GRANT

SOME NOTES FROM CANADA

TO APPEAR IN NOTES AND NEWS


Ritual Pageantry In The American West A Wyoming Case Study, Audrey C. Shalinsky Jan 1986

Ritual Pageantry In The American West A Wyoming Case Study, Audrey C. Shalinsky

Great Plains Quarterly

Festivals that celebrate the founding of the town or a similar historical event of local or regional significance are common throughout the United States. In this paper I analyze the annual reenactment in Thermopolis, Wyoming, of the Shoshoni tribe's cession to the whites of control over several thermal springs, an event that led to the founding of the town. I show that the reenactment is an idealized interpretation of various historical events recorded and portrayed in poetic form by a group of townspeople with the limited participation of a few Shoshoni families from Wind River Reservation. I argue that ...


A Review Of A Final Promise: The Campaign To Assimilate The Indians By Frederick E. Hoxie, Brian W. Dippie Jan 1986

A Review Of A Final Promise: The Campaign To Assimilate The Indians By Frederick E. Hoxie, Brian W. Dippie

Great Plains Quarterly

Frederick Hoxie's argument in A Final Promise is that there were two distinct phases to the government's assimilation program between 1880 and 1920, divided roughly at 1900. The first was an idealistic, internally consistent policy of fully incorporating the Indians into the American way of life as small landowners with citizenship rights and the equivalent of a common school education equals among equals, in short. The second phase saw a diminution of expectations and a growing perception, consistent with the segregationist forces active throughout American society, of the Indians as a permanent, backward minority in need of continuing ...


A Review Of The Indian Frontier Of The American West By Robert M. Utley, Thomas Wm. Dunlay Jan 1986

A Review Of The Indian Frontier Of The American West By Robert M. Utley, Thomas Wm. Dunlay

Great Plains Quarterly

In the past twenty years or so the Western American Indians and their conflicts with the white man have become the object of serious historical inquiry. The policies pursued by the United States government have received searching scrutiny, and the study of white men's attitudes toward Indians has become almost a field in itself. The literate public has become aware as never before of the consequences for the Indians of white frontier expansion. What has been needed for some time is a synthesis of the wide range of work being done in the field. Robert Utley is, of course ...


Review Of Native Faces: Indian Cultures In American Art By Patricia Trenton And Patrick Houlihan, Patricia Trenton, Patrick Houlihan, Marsha V. Gallagher Jan 1986

Review Of Native Faces: Indian Cultures In American Art By Patricia Trenton And Patrick Houlihan, Patricia Trenton, Patrick Houlihan, Marsha V. Gallagher

Great Plains Quarterly

Native Faces is the catalogue to an exhibition of the same name presented at the Southwest Museum in Los Angeles in 1984 and at Omaha's Joslyn Art Museum in 1985. The show featured late nineteenth and early twentieth century paintings of California, Southwest, and Plains Indian subjects by wellknown artists such as Joseph Sharp, Ernest Blumenschein and E. Irving Couse. The paintings were shown with related Indian artifacts and historic photographs. The catalogue focuses on sixteen of the paintings and their related material, with commentary on each by Patricia Trenton, an art historian, and Patrick Houlihan, an anthropologist.


Review Of The Sixth Grandfather: Black Elk's Teachings Given To John G. Neihardt, Edited By Raymond J. Demallie, Paul Olson Jan 1986

Review Of The Sixth Grandfather: Black Elk's Teachings Given To John G. Neihardt, Edited By Raymond J. Demallie, Paul Olson

Great Plains Quarterly

When John Neihardt finished Black Elk Speaks, he put on deposit in the University of Missouri library the rough English expansion of the shorthand from which he worked and the shorthand transcript of Ben Black Elk's translation of his father's life story. Raymond DeMallie has now edited this material to bring us as close as we are likely to get to what Black Elk actually did speak. DeMallie has done a first rate job. The outcome is a book useful for what it contributes to our understanding of Sioux iconography, Siouan perceptions of negotiations with the United States ...


Review Of Edmund Morris: Frontier Artist By Jean S. Mcgill And Land Of Earth And Sky: Landscape Painting Of Western Canada By Ronald Rees, Richard W. Etulain Jan 1986

Review Of Edmund Morris: Frontier Artist By Jean S. Mcgill And Land Of Earth And Sky: Landscape Painting Of Western Canada By Ronald Rees, Richard W. Etulain

Great Plains Quarterly

In a brief, narrative biography of Edmund Morris, a Canadian artist of landscapes and Indians, Jean McGill describes the major events of his life and carrer. She is particularly factual in treating his educational experiences, his family and friends, and his varied, numerous paintings. Sometimes, however, these sections are little more than listings. Indeed, th~ unanalytical quality of this book is its major limitation. Often quoting the opinions of others, the author seems hesitant-almost unable-to put forth her critical reactions to Morris's life and works. Instead of evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of the paintings noted, she includes extensive ...


Review Of Lewis And Clark Among The Indians By James P. Ronda, G. Malcom Lewis Jan 1986

Review Of Lewis And Clark Among The Indians By James P. Ronda, G. Malcom Lewis

Great Plains Quarterly

In his instructions of June 1803 to Meriwether Lewis concerning the conduct of what was to become known as the Lewis and Clark Expedition, Thomas Jefferson made it quite clear that one of the Expedition's purposes was to pave the way for the development of American commerce with the Indians of the northern Plains, Rocky Mountains, and Pacific Northwest. That was soon to occur but the President could not have anticipated the longer-term economic spin off for the nation's publishing industry. Since the appearance in 1807 of the first printed account of the Expedition more than one hundred ...


Review Of Views And Viewmakers Of Urban America: Lithographs Of Towns And Cities In The United States And Canada, Notes On The Artists And Publishers, And A Union Catalog Of Their Work, 1825-1925 By John W. Reps, Frederick C. Luebke Jan 1986

Review Of Views And Viewmakers Of Urban America: Lithographs Of Towns And Cities In The United States And Canada, Notes On The Artists And Publishers, And A Union Catalog Of Their Work, 1825-1925 By John W. Reps, Frederick C. Luebke

Great Plains Quarterly

John Reps, the foremost historian of urban planning in America, has accumulated through the years a mountain of information about the many bird's-eye views of cities and towns in the expanding America of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In this remarkable volume, Reps organizes and systematizes his data to provide the definitive statement on these fascinating artifacts of American cultural history.


Review Of Forging New Rights In Western Waters By Robert G. Dunbar, William D. Rowley Jan 1986

Review Of Forging New Rights In Western Waters By Robert G. Dunbar, William D. Rowley

Great Plains Quarterly

Dunbar does not address this thorny question. What has resulted is a remarkably useful survey of the flourishing of these "new" rights in western waters. Students of resource policy as well as water law historians will find this volume crucial to any beginning studies on this complex topic. It offers encouragement and understanding even to the timid who previously had avoided the jungle of water resource law in the West.


Review Of A Field Guide To American Windmills By T. Lindsay Baker, Homer E. Socolofsky Jan 1986

Review Of A Field Guide To American Windmills By T. Lindsay Baker, Homer E. Socolofsky

Great Plains Quarterly

This guide, useful for identifying windmills but somewhat cumbersome for carrying in the field because it weighs more than four pounds, is the most complete general history of the American turbine-wheel windmill. Attractively published, A Field Guide to American Windmills will find a positive response from users of all kinds-those who want to know much about all kinds of windmills or those who want a small amount of specific information.


Review Of Phil Sheridan And His Army By Paul Andrew Hutton, Michael L. Tate Jan 1986

Review Of Phil Sheridan And His Army By Paul Andrew Hutton, Michael L. Tate

Great Plains Quarterly

Drawing upon extensive manuscript collections, government documents, and other published materials, Hutton has provided us with the definitive treatment of Sheridan's western command. Going well beyond Carl Coke Rister's outdated and narrowly-focused Border Command: General Phil Sheridan in the West (1944), he has artfully synthesized the course of American Indian and military policies from the 1867-1868 winter campaign along the Washita through the 1874 Red River War and the 1876-1877 Little Big Horn and Yellowstone expeditions, to the conclusion of the 1885-1886 Apache War. Never content to merely rehash familiar materials about narrow battlefield tactics, the author has ...


The Dust Bowl Historical Image, Psychological Anchor, And Ecological Taboo, William E. Riebsame Jan 1986

The Dust Bowl Historical Image, Psychological Anchor, And Ecological Taboo, William E. Riebsame

Great Plains Quarterly

T he Dust Bowl is an enduring image in the collective consciousness of Americans. Experience and intuition suggest that a few historical events and eras, and their symbols, endure as important cultural memories or benchmarks. The concept of collective cultural myths or symbols is difficult to define or even to examine. Nevertheless, there is compelling prima facie evidence that the American Dust Bowl is a powerful historical symbol; perhaps not one with the power of Frederick Jackson Turner's frontier, but certainly one that focuses attention whenever issues of Great Plains culture and agriculture arise.

In the light of the ...


Review Of Sharing The 49th Parallel: A Handbook For Montana Officials, Robert W. Wright Jan 1986

Review Of Sharing The 49th Parallel: A Handbook For Montana Officials, Robert W. Wright

Great Plains Quarterly

This book presents an encyclopedic summary of the political, economic, geographic, and social structure of Canada, written to provide public officials in Montana with background information to use when Canadian issues become relevant to their decision processes. This review is written by a Canadian who is reasonably knowledgeable about his country but who knows nothing about the information gaps in the minds of Montana officials; it should be interpreted within this context.


The Great Plains Transition Area Revisited: A Review Essay, Howard W. Ottoson Jan 1986

The Great Plains Transition Area Revisited: A Review Essay, Howard W. Ottoson

Great Plains Quarterly

A review of Land and People in the Northern Plains Transition Area (Lincoln, 1966), by Howard W. Ottoson, Eleanor M. Birch, Philip Henderson, and A. H. Anderson.

I feel somewhat like Rip Van Winkle as he returned to his village from his nap. Twenty years have passed since Land and People in the Northern Plains Transition Area was published and thirty since the studies on which it was based were begun. I have not been napping, but I feel like a stranger to a geographical area to which I once committed much time working with others to understand some of ...


Cultural And Economic Resilience Among The Kickapoo Indians Of The Southwest, Joseph B. Herring Jan 1986

Cultural And Economic Resilience Among The Kickapoo Indians Of The Southwest, Joseph B. Herring

Great Plains Quarterly

When white explorers encountered them in their Wisconsin homeland, the Kickapoo Indians lived in separate and widely scattered bands. I Although individuals referred to themselves as Kickapoos and identified with the major tribal group, over time the dispersed bands adopted additional cultural traits suitable to different regions and conditions. Environmental factors, proximity to white settlers, missionary pressure, and interaction with other tribes all produced a drift toward cultural pluralism.

Although noted for their conservatism, the Kickapoos were willing to adopt material culture traits that were to their advantage. This trend intensified after a portion of the tribe settled in Kansas ...


Index Jan 1986

Index

Great Plains Quarterly

Index 315-321 (6 pages)


Notes & News Jan 1986

Notes & News

Great Plains Quarterly

IN MEMORIAM (Henry Nash Smith)

CENTER FOR GREAT PLAINS STUDIES SYMPOSIA

THE ETHNIC AMERICAN WOMAN (Edith Blicksilver)

HERBERT HOOVER FELLOWSHIPS AND GRANTS

ERRATA


Table Of Contents Jan 1986

Table Of Contents

Great Plains Quarterly

CULTURAL AND ECONOMIC RESILIENCE AMONG THE KICKAPOO INDIANS OF THE SOUTHWEST (Joseph B. Herring)

THE GREAT PLAINS TRANSITION AREA REVISITED: A REVIEW ESSAY (Howard W. Ottoson)

BOOK REVIEWS

NOTES & NEWS

INDEX


Review Of Big Bear: The End Of Freedom By Hugh A. Dempsey, Robert S. Allen Jan 1986

Review Of Big Bear: The End Of Freedom By Hugh A. Dempsey, Robert S. Allen

Great Plains Quarterly

Like his previous publications on Crowfoot (1972), Charcoal's World (1978), and Red Crow (1980), Hugh A. Dempsey's Big Bear: The End of Freedom (1984) makes extensive and effective use of Indian legends and oral data. Who knows if the visions and mystical experiences of Big Bear, as told to Dempsey by native informants, are true or accurate; and who cares? The stories are entertaining, illuminating, probably possess the substance of truth, and would certainly be as authentic as much of the written records of those days. The Indian oral reminiscences are more than complemented by a careful research ...


Review Of The Papers Of Chief John Ross Edited By Gary E. Moulton, W. David Baird Jan 1986

Review Of The Papers Of Chief John Ross Edited By Gary E. Moulton, W. David Baird

Great Plains Quarterly

John Ross was the foremost leader of the Cherokee people during the nineteenth century if not the whole of tribal history. Born in 1790 of mixed-blood parentage and educated largely by private tutors, he served as chief from 1828 until his death in 1866. Because most of those last century events-removal, factionalism, civil war-that dramatically 3haped the destiny of the Cherokees, as well as other Indian peoples, occurred during Ross's tenure as chief, to understand him and his role in those events is to have a better insight into a large slice of American history. The Papers of Chief ...


Review Of Stampede City: Power And Politics In The West Edited By Chuck Reasons, Brenton M. Barr Jan 1986

Review Of Stampede City: Power And Politics In The West Edited By Chuck Reasons, Brenton M. Barr

Great Plains Quarterly

Stampede City inquires into the boom and bust generated by the petroleum industry in Calgary, Alberta, between the mid 1970s and early 1980s. Calgary is Canada's sixth largest population center but is the corporate and financial center of the country's petroleum industry. In economic terms, what benefits that industry benefits the city. The authors of this book argue that what is good for the petroleum industry, however, is not always good for all inhabitants of Calgary. The headings of Stampede City's nine lively and provocative chapters reflect many of the authors' sentiments: "Calgary: Where Free Enterprise costs ...