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Great Plains Quarterly

1985

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Notes & News- Fall 1985 Oct 1985

Notes & News- Fall 1985

Great Plains Quarterly

NOTES & NEWS

CENTER FOR GREAT PLAINS STUDIES SYMPOSIA

EXHIBITIONS OF NOTE

BIBLIOGRAPHIC PROJECT


The Emergence Of The American Agriculture Movement, 1977-1979, John Dinse, William P. Browne Oct 1985

The Emergence Of The American Agriculture Movement, 1977-1979, John Dinse, William P. Browne

Great Plains Quarterly

Beginning in late 1977, the media, television in particular, portrayed as a unique cultural phenomenon an emerging American Agriculture Movement (AAM), a pending farm strike, and a depressed farm economy that had caused this mobilization. Much was indeed unique, especially to the individual farmers and the specific manner in which they were attempting to apply political pressures, but the American Agriculture Movement itself was similar to other organizational attempts that have taken place in rural America.

In the following paper we chronicle the emergence of the American Agriculture Movement as a distinct entity, identify the common features in the emergence ...


Mapping The Quality Of Land For Agriculture In Western Canada, James M. Richtik Oct 1985

Mapping The Quality Of Land For Agriculture In Western Canada, James M. Richtik

Great Plains Quarterly

The original impetus that brought explorers and settlers to the East Coast of North America had, at least as early as the eighteenth century, evolved into, among other things, an interest in the potential of the Canadian West for European types of agriculture. As settlement spread across the continent, the perceived value of the West changed from fur hinterland to possible agricultural empire. With this shift in interest there was a change in the purpose of exploration, and as features such as rivers, lakes, and mountains became known, assessing and mapping the agricultural potential of the land began. Cartographers would ...


Review Of Riel And The Rebellion 1885 Reconsidered By Thomas Flanagan, John E. Foster Oct 1985

Review Of Riel And The Rebellion 1885 Reconsidered By Thomas Flanagan, John E. Foster

Great Plains Quarterly

Professor Flanagan's latest revisionist publication heralds the centenary of the 1885 Saskatchewan Rebellion with a series of developmentally related essays, expressed as chapters, that challenge the conventional wisdom as to the factors responsible for one Plains Metis community, under Louis Riel, taking up arms to redress their grievances. At the same time Flanagan fails to address one longstanding deficiency in the literature.

Flanagan's scholarly strengths lie in his analyses of political issues and processes. His two chapters on the land issues in relation to the Rebellion are without equal. His discussion of aboriginal title is of interest in ...


Review Of The Roots Of Dependency: Subsistence, Environment, And Social Change Among The Choctaws, Pawnees, And Navajos By Richard White, David Reed Miller Oct 1985

Review Of The Roots Of Dependency: Subsistence, Environment, And Social Change Among The Choctaws, Pawnees, And Navajos By Richard White, David Reed Miller

Great Plains Quarterly

In his 1954 essay entitled "Social Anthropology and the Method of Controlled Comparison," Fred Eggan called for studies to define carefully the parameters of research "combining the sound anthropological concepts of structure and function with the ethnological concepts of process and history." Historian Richard White presents an important contribution with this monograph, which exemplifies a response to the challenge put forth almost thirty years ago. White's decision to blend methodological and descriptive devices, drawing on the literature of several disciplines, demonstrates his willingness to present the complexity of human interactions in an effort to reconstruct the perspectives of three ...


Title And Contents- Fall 1985 Oct 1985

Title And Contents- Fall 1985

Great Plains Quarterly

GREAT PLAINS QUARTERLY

FALL 1985 VOL. 5 NO.4

CONTENTS

THE GARDEN-DESERT CONTINUUM: COMPETING VIEWS OF THE GREAT PLAINS IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY John L. Allen

THE EMERGENCE OF THE AMERICAN AGRICULTURE MOVEMENT, 1977-1979 William P. Browne and John Dinse

MAPPING THE QUALITY OF LAND FOR AGRICULTURE IN WESTERN CANADA James M. Richtik

BENJAMIN HARRISON AND THE AMERICAN WEST Homer E. Socolofsky

BOOK REVIEWS

Prairie Fire: The 1885 North-West Rebellion

Riel and the Rebellion 1885 Reconsidered

The Roots of Dependency: Subsistence, Environment, and Social Change Among the Choctaws, Pawnees, and Navajos

NOTES & NEWS

INDEX

PUBLISHED BY THE CENTER FOR GREAT ...


Index- Fall 1985 Oct 1985

Index- Fall 1985

Great Plains Quarterly

Index (8 Pages)

Fall 1985


The Garden-Desert Continuum Competing Views Of The Great Plains In The Nineteenth Century, John L. Allen Oct 1985

The Garden-Desert Continuum Competing Views Of The Great Plains In The Nineteenth Century, John L. Allen

Great Plains Quarterly

In the central portion of the great American continent there lies an arid and repulsive desert which, for many a long year, served as a barrier against the advance of civilization. From the Cordillera to Nebraska, and from the Yellowstone River in the north to the Colorado in the south, is a region of desolation and silence . . . enormous plains which, in winter, are white with snow and, in summer, are gray with the saline alkali dust. They all preserve the common characteristics of barrenness, inhospitality, and misery . ... In this stretch of country there is no sign of life, nor of ...


Benjamin Harrison And The American West, Homer E. Socolofsky Oct 1985

Benjamin Harrison And The American West, Homer E. Socolofsky

Great Plains Quarterly

In a speech in Pocatello, Idaho, in 1891, President Benjamin Harrison expressed his admiration for the pioneers of the American West:

My sympathy and interest have always gone out to those who, leaving the settled and populous parts of our country, have pushed the frontiers of civilization farther and farther to the westward until they have met the Pacific Ocean and the setting sun. Pioneers have always been enterprising people. If they had not been they would have remained at home; they endured great hardships and perils in opening these great mines . . . and in bringing into subjection these wild plains ...


Review Of Prairie Fire: The 1885 North-West Rebellion By Bob Beal And Rod Macleod, George Woodcock Oct 1985

Review Of Prairie Fire: The 1885 North-West Rebellion By Bob Beal And Rod Macleod, George Woodcock

Great Plains Quarterly

The North-West Rebellion is one of those events in Canadian history about which much has been written without the mass of available information having been put together in a single comprehensive account. There have been narratives of participants on both sides in the rebellion and biographies of leading figures like Louis Riel and Gabriel Dumont, Poundmaker and Big Bear. The causes of the rebellion have been established in regional histories like George F. Stanley's The Birth of Western Canada, and the military aspects of the incident have been described in books like Desmond Morton's The Last War Drums ...


Title And Contents- Summer 1985 Jul 1985

Title And Contents- Summer 1985

Great Plains Quarterly

GREAT PLAINS QUARTERLY

SUMMER 1985 VOL. 5 NO.3

CONTENTS

PAWNEE GEOGRAPHY: HISTORICAL AND SACRED Douglas R. Parks and Waldo R. Wedel

MAPPING KANSAS AND NEBRASKA: THE ROLE OF THE GENERAL LAND OFFICE Ronald E. Grim

BOOK REVIEWS

Kinsmen of Another Kind: Dakota-White Relations in the Upper Mississippi Valley, 1650-1852

Ohiyesa: Charles Eastman, Santee Sioux

A Guide to American Indian Resource Materials in Great Plains Repositories

NOTES & NEWS

PUBLISHED BY THE CENTER FOR GREAT PLAINS STUDIES


Mapping Kansas And Nebraska The Role Of The General Land Office, Ronald E. Grim Jul 1985

Mapping Kansas And Nebraska The Role Of The General Land Office, Ronald E. Grim

Great Plains Quarterly

The rectangular alignment of fields, farmsteads, and roads is one of the most striking characteristics of the settlement pattern of the Great Plains. As most students of this region's cultural landscape are aware, the dominant factor in the formation of this regular, geometric pattern was the federal government's rectangular survey system. The basic features of this survey system (base lines, principal meridians, 36-square-mile townships, sections, and quarter sections) have been outlined in introductory geography and cartography textbooks, while historical and cultural geographers have examined the system's effect on the landscape.1 In addition, much has been written ...


Pawnee Geography Historical And Sacred, Waldo R. Wedel, Douglas R. Parks Jul 1985

Pawnee Geography Historical And Sacred, Waldo R. Wedel, Douglas R. Parks

Great Plains Quarterly

The earth is a fundamental religious symbol for American Indian peoples. Among horticultural and hunting tribes alike, Mother Earth is the female principle, the expression of fertility and creator of life, begetting vegetation, animals, and humans. In this elemental role she often appears conspicuously in religious rituals. For many American Indian peoples, specific geographical features on the earth also figured prominently in tribal conceptions of the sacral world. The Pawnee Indians, who formerly lived in east central Nebraska, provide an instructive example of a people who had an elaborate and unique set of beliefs about such landmarks and who incorporated ...


Review Of A Guide To American Indian Resource Materials In Great Plains Repositories By Joseph G. Svoboda, Herbert T. Hoover Jul 1985

Review Of A Guide To American Indian Resource Materials In Great Plains Repositories By Joseph G. Svoboda, Herbert T. Hoover

Great Plains Quarterly

The frequent users of primary sources are ever grateful for any index, catalogue, guide, or list that can help direct them through manuscripts, published documents, oral histories, and other original materials. Here is no exception; they will appreciate the efforts of Joseph Svoboda and staff for a helpful tool, even though it is one with serious limitations.

It is the product of a questionnaire mailing to which less than one third of the recipients responded. Of these, less than two thirds submitted relevant information. More disconcerting than this, Svoboda's Guide lists not only materials on Great Plains Indian peoples ...


Notes And News- Summer 1985 Jul 1985

Notes And News- Summer 1985

Great Plains Quarterly

NOTES & NEWS

CENTER FOR GREAT PLAINS STUDIES

PAWNEE EARTH LODGE EXHIBIT

PUBLISHING LANDMARK

UPCOMING CONFERENCES


Review Of Ohiyesa: Charles Eastman, Santee Sioux By Raymond Wilson, Janet Goldenstein-Ahler Jul 1985

Review Of Ohiyesa: Charles Eastman, Santee Sioux By Raymond Wilson, Janet Goldenstein-Ahler

Great Plains Quarterly

Charles Eastman, Ohiyesa, was a Santee Sioux whose life invites curiosity in a different way than for great Native American leaders like Sitting Bull, Chief Joseph, or Crazy Horse. Eastman was one of a very few Native Americans of his time who lived competently in two worlds. Raymond Wilson offers a picture of the whole lifetime in one concise, readable volume, showing Eastman's' life as fraught with difficulties and controversies. The work is based primarily on government documents, correspondence, others' accounts, and Eastman's own books and articles.

Eastman's maternal grandfather, Seth Eastman, was a U.S. Army ...


Review Of Kinsmen Of Another Kind: Dakota-White Relations In The Upper Mississippi Valley, 1650- 1852 By Gary Clayton Anderson Jul 1985

Review Of Kinsmen Of Another Kind: Dakota-White Relations In The Upper Mississippi Valley, 1650- 1852 By Gary Clayton Anderson

Great Plains Quarterly

Gary Clayton Anderson's objective, indicated in the subtitle, is to provide an account of the long sweep of history leading up to the Sioux hostilities in Minnesota which began in mid-August of 1862 and culminated in the hanging of thirty-eight of the participants on 26 December of the same year. Although there is a large body of literature on the 1862 conflict, this book is a welcome addition because most studies have concentrated on the incidents comprising the uprising itself and Indian-white relationships immediately prior to the outbreak of hostilities.

Anderson theorizes that kinship was the organizing principle within ...


Notes And News- Spring 1985 Apr 1985

Notes And News- Spring 1985

Great Plains Quarterly

NOTES & NEWS

UPCOMING SYMPOSIA

PUBLISHING OPPORTUNITIES

NEBRASKA NOTES


Review Of The Archaeology Of Colorado By E. Steve Cassells, Warren C. Caldwell Apr 1985

Review Of The Archaeology Of Colorado By E. Steve Cassells, Warren C. Caldwell

Great Plains Quarterly

I suspect that academe, at least that portion called anthropology, will not approve of this book. I t lacks the paraphernalia of scholarshipthere are no citations in the text-at least I saw none, nor are there learned footnotes or BOOK REVIEWS 135 graphic displays of statistical data. There is, however, a remarkably inclusive text and an extensive bibliography that can lead the truly interested reader to a treasure-trove of information. Supplementary chapters include lists of relevant radiocarbon dates, a status report on current archeology, a "scrapbook" of archeologists active in Colorado, and perhaps most useful to the uninitiated, a discussion ...


Review Of Historians And The American West Edited By Michael P. Malone, Dick Harrison Apr 1985

Review Of Historians And The American West Edited By Michael P. Malone, Dick Harrison

Great Plains Quarterly

The seventeen essays in this volume are intended, as Michael Malone says, "to describe what has been done, how well it has been done, and what needs to be done" in western American history. Historians will no doubt approach them as a comprehensive assessment of western historiography, but many Great Plains Quarterly readers will come to them as I have, in search of a research tool for the nonspecialist with a limited range of questions to which the historians may have answers.

Together the essays provide an invaluable guide for the nonspecialist, but some offer clearer guidance than others. While ...


Western Women And True Womanhood Culture And Symbol In History And Literature, June O. Underwood Apr 1985

Western Women And True Womanhood Culture And Symbol In History And Literature, June O. Underwood

Great Plains Quarterly

History cannot happen," says Henry Nash Smith, "that is, men cannot engage in purposive group behavior without images which simultaneously express collective desires and impose coherence." Although Smith does not mention it, women too engaged in purposive group behavior. They too had images that organized their experiences and gave impetus to action. And since women were part of the great western migration, the images that made sense to them and engaged them in action within the westering experience were formative in their history.1

This article will look at nineteenth-century western women and the symbols that formed their particular history ...


Title And Contents- Spring 1985 Apr 1985

Title And Contents- Spring 1985

Great Plains Quarterly

GREAT PLAINS QUARTERLY

SPRING 1985 VOL. 5 NO.2

CONTENTS

WOMEN ON THE PLAINS: AN INTRODUCTION Frances W. Kaye

WOMEN ON THE GREAT PLAINS: RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN RESEARCH Glenda Riley

WESTERN WOMEN AND TRUE WOMANHOOD: CULTURE AND SYMBOL IN HISTORY AND LITERATURE June O. Underwood

HAVING A PURPOSE IN LIFE: WESTERN WOMEN TEACHERS IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY Courtney Ann Vaughn-Roberson

A WIDENING HORIZON: CATHOLIC SISTERHOODS ON THE NORTHERN PLAINS, 1874-1910 Susan C. Peterson

BOOK REVIEWS

Historians and the American West

A Borderlands Town in Transition: Laredo, 1755-1870

Prairie Wildflowers: An illustrated manual of species suitable for cultivation and grassland restoration ...


Review Of Prairie Wildflowers: An Illustrated Manual Of Species Suitable For Cultivation And Grassland Restoration By R. Currah, A. Smreciu, And M. Van Dyk, Paul Barnes Apr 1985

Review Of Prairie Wildflowers: An Illustrated Manual Of Species Suitable For Cultivation And Grassland Restoration By R. Currah, A. Smreciu, And M. Van Dyk, Paul Barnes

Great Plains Quarterly

In recent years, perhaps because of the dwindling virgin prairie in North America, there has been increased public interest in prairie restoration and the cultivation of native species. However, readily accessible information concerning the germination and propagation requirements of many prairie plants, especially the nongrass species or the so-called "wildflowers," has been limited. Prairie Wildflowers is a synthesis of three years of study on the horticultural suitability of more than 140 species of native forbs and shrubs by the University of Alberta Devonian Botanic Garden.

For each species examined, information is given on botanical characteristics (growth habit; flower, fruit, and ...


Review Of The Explorers: Nineteenth Century Expeditions In Africa And The American West By Richard A. Van Orman, William H. Goetzmann Apr 1985

Review Of The Explorers: Nineteenth Century Expeditions In Africa And The American West By Richard A. Van Orman, William H. Goetzmann

Great Plains Quarterly

Recently the history of exploration and discovery has become fashionable-possibly as a relief from the dreary "body count" social histories that have been inflicted upon us for the past decade. The Explorers by Richard A. VanOrman is an attempt to capitalize on the new fashion for exploration history. In this work the author attempts to analyze and compare, as his subtitle indicates, "Nineteenth Century Expeditions in Africa and the American West."

This is an artificial topic since there is no overarching logical reason for comparing the two enterprises-at least none that the author addresses. Moreover, the author's approach to ...


Review Of A Borderlands Town In Transition: Laredo, 1755-1870 By Gilberto Miguel Hinojosa, Ralph H. Vigil Apr 1985

Review Of A Borderlands Town In Transition: Laredo, 1755-1870 By Gilberto Miguel Hinojosa, Ralph H. Vigil

Great Plains Quarterly

This study of Laredo shows how larger events such as Indian raids, war, occupation, and changes of sovereignty affected population growth, decline, and change from the founding of this border town to the period of the Civil War and Reconstruction. Utilizing primary and secondary sources for his demographic findings, Hinojosa's story of a border community tells us a good deal about average annual rates of population change, family and class structure, ethnicity, age composition, literacy, property ownership, occupations, intermarriage, race relations, and other subjects. Moreover, his comparison with other borderlands communities in this period gives the study perspective. The ...


Women On The Plains An Introduction, Frances W. Kaye Apr 1985

Women On The Plains An Introduction, Frances W. Kaye

Great Plains Quarterly

The four essays brought together here are a testimony to the surge of interest in women’s history in general and in the lives of women on the Great plains in particular that has welled up in the last decade. Unlike previous special issues of the Quarterly, which were the results of symposia planned around specific topics, this issue was generated by the articles themselves, which arrived independently on the editor’s desk within a relatively short period of time. Two are Overviews and two are case studies of particular groups of women. Together, the four articles suggest the richness ...


A Widening Horizon Catholic Sisterhoods On The Northern Plains, 1874-1910, Susan C. Peterson Apr 1985

A Widening Horizon Catholic Sisterhoods On The Northern Plains, 1874-1910, Susan C. Peterson

Great Plains Quarterly

Catholic sisterhoods have been part of American life since the colonial period, first as operators of charitable institutions to aid the needy and then, in the nineteenth century, as teachers of both immigrant children in the East and Indian children at mission schools on reservations in the West. Conventional historical studies have either slighted or ignored their contributions to the settlement of the northern plains, and recent articles on Catholic missions in history journals do little better. In both secular and church histories, Catholic sisters are traditionally pictured as silent representatives of female purity or as extensions of the church ...


Having A Purpose In Life Western Women Teachers In The Twentieth Century, Courtney Ann Vaughn-Roberson Apr 1985

Having A Purpose In Life Western Women Teachers In The Twentieth Century, Courtney Ann Vaughn-Roberson

Great Plains Quarterly

Beginning late in the eighteenth century, social theorists developed an ideology of domesticity, maintaining that women's proper role lay in the care of children, the nurture of the husband, the physical maintenance of the domicile, and the guardianship of both home and social morality.1 Although this ideology helped to propel females into teaching, historians have not agreed on the impact of domestic ideology on women teachers and on the education profession itself. Some scholars conclude that women's easy access to teaching posts turned the classroom into a workshop for motherhood for the average female, perpetuating anti-intellectualism in ...


Women On The Great Plains Recent Developments Research, Glenda Riley Apr 1985

Women On The Great Plains Recent Developments Research, Glenda Riley

Great Plains Quarterly

During the past dozen years or so, scholars have become increasingly involved in researching the lives and experiences of women on the Great Plains. At the same time, interest in learning more about the lives of all types of western, frontier, farm, and rural women has burgeoned. As a result, researchers now devote their careers to these topics, national conferences convene to disseminate and refine this increasing scholarship, and journals commit theme issues to presenting research results.

This essay is a survey of research developments concerning plainswomen between the early 1970s and the present day. The purpose of such an ...


Title And Contents- Winter 1985 Jan 1985

Title And Contents- Winter 1985

Great Plains Quarterly

Great Plains Quarterly

Winter 1985 Volume 5 Number 1

CONTENTS

EUROPEAN INFLUENCE ON THE VISUAL ARTS OF THE GREAT PLAINS: AN INTRODUCTION Jon Nelson

PACKAGING THE GREAT PLAINS: THE ROLE OF THE VISUAL ARTS Roger B. Stein

ORIGINALITY AND INFLUENCE IN GEORGE CALEB BINGHAM'S ART Stephen C. Behrendt

COWBOY KNIGHTS AND PRAIRIE MADONNAS: AMERICAN ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE PLAINS AND PRE-RAPHAELITE ART Kirsten H. Powell

BIRGER SANDZEN: A PAINTER AND HIS TWO WORLDS Emory Lindquist

BOOK REVIEWS

REVIEW ESSAY: RECENT INTERPRETATIONS OF WESTERN AMERICAN ART

The Rocky Mountains: A Vision for Artists in the Nineteenth Century and Karl Bodmer's ...