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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Vascular Effects On The Bold Response And The Retinotopic Mapping Of Hv4, H Boyd Taylor, Alexander M. Puckett, Zoey J. Isherwood, Mark M. Schira Jan 2019

Vascular Effects On The Bold Response And The Retinotopic Mapping Of Hv4, H Boyd Taylor, Alexander M. Puckett, Zoey J. Isherwood, Mark M. Schira

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Despite general acceptance that the retinotopic organisation of human V4 (hV4) takes the form of a single, uninterrupted ventral hemifield, measured retinotopic maps of this visual area are often incomplete. Here, we test hypotheses that artefact from draining veins close to hV4 cause inverted BOLD responses that may serve to obscure a portion of the lower visual quarterfield-including the lower vertical meridian-in some hemispheres. We further test whether correcting such responses can restore the 'missing' retinotopic coverage in hV4. Subjects (N = 10) viewed bowtie, ring, drifting bar and full field flash stimuli. Functional EPIs were acquired over approximately 1.5h ...


Post‐Marketing Studies Of Pharmaceutical Opioid Abuse‐Deterrent Formulations: A Framework For Research Design And Reporting, Amy Peacock, Briony K. Larance, Raimondo Bruno, Sallie-Anne Pearson, Nicholas A. Buckley, Michael P. Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt Jan 2019

Post‐Marketing Studies Of Pharmaceutical Opioid Abuse‐Deterrent Formulations: A Framework For Research Design And Reporting, Amy Peacock, Briony K. Larance, Raimondo Bruno, Sallie-Anne Pearson, Nicholas A. Buckley, Michael P. Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background and aims Opioid formulations with properties to deter abuse (abuse‐deterrent formulations; ADFs) have been developed as one response to the prescription opioid 'epidemic'. As for all medicines, ADFs undergo evaluation of safety and efficacy prior to registration for marketing. However, reduced extra‐medical use (the primary intended outcome of ADFs and reason for their introduction) can only be established in post‐marketing observational studies, comparing them to opioid formulations without abuse‐deterrent properties. This has implications for various features of study design and analysis. We discuss proposals for the design, conduct, governance and reporting of post‐marketing studies ...


Understanding Non-Vaccinating Parents' Views To Inform And Improve Clinical Encounters: A Qualitative Study In An Australian Community, Catherine Helps, Julie Leask, Lesley M. Barclay, Stacy M. Carter Jan 2019

Understanding Non-Vaccinating Parents' Views To Inform And Improve Clinical Encounters: A Qualitative Study In An Australian Community, Catherine Helps, Julie Leask, Lesley M. Barclay, Stacy M. Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objectives: To explain vaccination refusal in a sample of Australian parents.

Design: Qualitative design, purposive sampling in a defined population.

Setting: A geographically bounded community of approximately 30 000 people in regional Australia with high prevalence of vaccination refusal.

Participants: Semi structured interviews with 32 non-vaccinating parents: 9 fathers, 22 mothers and 1 pregnant woman. Purposive sampling of parents who had decided to discontinue or decline all vaccinations for their children.

Recruitment: via local advertising then snowballing.

Results: Thematic analysis focused on explaining decision-making pathways of parents who refuse vaccination. Common patterns in parents' accounts included: perceived deterioration in health ...


Effects Of Pointing Gestures On Memory For (In)Congruent Stimuli In Children And Young Adults, Kim Ouwehand, Katinka Dijkstra, Tamara Van Gog, Fred Paas Jan 2019

Effects Of Pointing Gestures On Memory For (In)Congruent Stimuli In Children And Young Adults, Kim Ouwehand, Katinka Dijkstra, Tamara Van Gog, Fred Paas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

We investigated whether finger pointing toward picture locations can be used as an external cognitive control tool to guide attention and compensate for the immature cognitive control functions in children compared with young adults. Item and source memory performance was compared for picture-location pairs that were either semantically congruent (e.g., a cloud presented at the upper half of the screen) or incongruent (e.g., a cloud presented at the lower part of the screen). Contrary to our expectations, pointing had an adverse effect on source memory compared to visual observation only, in both age groups. As expected, superior source ...


Riots In West Papua: Why Indonesia Needs To Answer For Its Broken Promises, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon Jan 2019

Riots In West Papua: Why Indonesia Needs To Answer For Its Broken Promises, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Last weekend, the Indonesian police took 43 West Papuan students into custody for allegedly disrespecting the Indonesian flag during an independence day celebration (an allegation the students deny). Police stormed the students' dorm and used teargas to force them out, while bystanders and officers called them "monkeys", a derogatory term for ethnically Melanesian Papuans. West Papuans have long been cast by Indonesians as primitive people from the Stone Age, and this racist treatment continues to this day. West Papuan author Filep Karma described the extent of racism against West Papuans in his 2014 book, As If We Are Half-Animal: Indonesia ...


There's No Evidence 5g Is Going To Harm Our Health, So Let's Stop Worrying About It, Sarah P. Loughran Jan 2019

There's No Evidence 5g Is Going To Harm Our Health, So Let's Stop Worrying About It, Sarah P. Loughran

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Hype continues to surround the roll-out of 5G technology in Australia and across the world. While there is promise of faster network speeds, and talk of exciting technologies like driverless cars, there's also a growing movement to stop the implementation of 5G due to concerns about the effects it may have on our health. But the scientific evidence we've got assures us there's no reason to worry. The radio frequencies powering 5G will be well below the exposure limits known to cause harm.


A Protocol For A Discrete Choice Experiment: Understanding Patient Medicine Preferences For Managing Chronic Non-Cancer Pain, Marian D. Shanahan, Briony K. Larance, Suzanne Nielsen, Milton Cohen, Maria Schaffer, Gabrielle Campbell Jan 2019

A Protocol For A Discrete Choice Experiment: Understanding Patient Medicine Preferences For Managing Chronic Non-Cancer Pain, Marian D. Shanahan, Briony K. Larance, Suzanne Nielsen, Milton Cohen, Maria Schaffer, Gabrielle Campbell

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction: High rates of chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP), concerns about adverse effects including dependence among those prescribed potent pain medicines, the recent evidence supporting active rather than passive management strategies and a lack of funding for holistic programme have resulted in challenges around decision making for treatment among clinicians and their patients. Discrete choice experiments (DCEs) are one way of assessing and valuing treatment preferences. Here, we outline a protocol for a study that assesses patient preferences for CNCP treatment.

Methods and analysis: A final list of attributes (and their levels) for the DCE was generated using a detailed iterative ...


Increasing Tree Cover May Be Like A 'Superfood' For Community Mental Health, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng Jan 2019

Increasing Tree Cover May Be Like A 'Superfood' For Community Mental Health, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Increasing tree canopy and green cover across Greater Sydney and increasing the proportion of homes in urban areas within 10 minutes' walk of quality green, open and public space are among the New South Wales premier's new priorities. Cities around Australia have similar goals. In our latest study, we asked if more of any green space will do? Or does the type of green space matter for our mental health?


Quality Interactions In Early Childhood Education And Care Center Outdoor Environments, Karen L. Tonge, Rachel A. Jones, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2019

Quality Interactions In Early Childhood Education And Care Center Outdoor Environments, Karen L. Tonge, Rachel A. Jones, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Quality interactions are crucial for children's learning and development. Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) centers have the opportunity to support children's learning and development, yet the quality of interactions and influences on the quality of interactions in outdoor environments is not known. Research findings: this study assessed the quality of educator interactions in outdoor environments using the CLASS Pre-K assessment tool. 11 ECEC centres participated in the study, which included 110 educators and 490 children. 87 observations were collected to measure the CLASS Pre-K domains (1-lowest to 7-highest). Mean domain scores were 6.02 (emotional support), 5 ...


Is Childhood Overweight/Obesity Perceived As A Health Problem By Mothers Of Preschool Aged Children In Bangladesh? A Community Level Cross-Sectional Study, Mohammad Hossain, Mahbubul Siddiqee, Shameema Ferdous, Marzia Faruki, Rifat Jahan, Shah Shahik, Enayetur Raheem, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2019

Is Childhood Overweight/Obesity Perceived As A Health Problem By Mothers Of Preschool Aged Children In Bangladesh? A Community Level Cross-Sectional Study, Mohammad Hossain, Mahbubul Siddiqee, Shameema Ferdous, Marzia Faruki, Rifat Jahan, Shah Shahik, Enayetur Raheem, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Childhood obesity is rapidly rising in many developing countries such as Bangladesh; however, the factors responsible for this increase are not well understood. Being the primary caregivers of children, particularly in developing countries, maternal perceptions and knowledge could be important factors influencing the weight status of children. This study aimed to assess maternal perceptions of childhood obesity and associated socio-demographic factors in Bangladesh. A cross-sectional study using stratified random sampling was conducted among 585 mothers whose children aged 4 to 7 years attended preschools in a district town. Body Mass Index of the children was calculated and weight status categorized ...


Environmental Values, Knowledge And Behaviour: Contributions Of An Emergent Literature On The Role Of Ethnicity And Migration, Lesley M. Head, Natascha Klocker, Ikerne Aguirre-Bielschowsky Jan 2019

Environmental Values, Knowledge And Behaviour: Contributions Of An Emergent Literature On The Role Of Ethnicity And Migration, Lesley M. Head, Natascha Klocker, Ikerne Aguirre-Bielschowsky

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Amidst calls for paradigm shifts in environmental scholarship, we track an emergent literature on how environmental values, knowledge and behaviour (EVKB) change (or not) with the migration process. We focus on the role of Majority World migrants to the Minority World. Large-scale survey research into EVKB is beginning to consider both ethnicity and migration history as important variables, but tends to leave the concepts of environment and environmental behaviour unexamined. Western EVKB indicators thus tend to be universalized rather than understood as themselves culturally specific. An emergent literature attempts to improve both quantitative and qualitative research on EVKB by broadening ...


People Living In Rural Areas May Be At Lower Risk Of Alzheimer's Disease, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng Jan 2019

People Living In Rural Areas May Be At Lower Risk Of Alzheimer's Disease, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

People who live in regional or remote areas may be at lower risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, according to our recent research. Using data from more 260,000 adults in New South Wales who were aged 45 and over, we found those living in regional or remote areas of the state had a 6% to 19% lower risk of being diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease over 11 years, compared with their city counterparts.


Parental Involvement In Decision-Making About Their Child's Health Care At The Hospital, Antje Aarthun, Knut Oymar, Kristin Akerjordet Jan 2019

Parental Involvement In Decision-Making About Their Child's Health Care At The Hospital, Antje Aarthun, Knut Oymar, Kristin Akerjordet

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Aim: To explore parents' experiences on parental involvement in decision-making about their child's health care at the hospital and to identify how health professionals can improve parental involvement. Design: An explorative descriptive qualitative study within a constructivist research paradigm. Methods: Individual semistructured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 12 parents. Qualitative content analysis was performed. Results: This study gives unique insight into how parental involvement in children's healthcare decisions influence parents' ability to cope with the parental role at the hospital. The results showed that parents' competence and perceived influence and control over their child's ...


State Of The Art In U.S. Multicultural Social Work Practice: Client Expectations And Provider Challenges, Katarzyna J. Olcon Jan 2019

State Of The Art In U.S. Multicultural Social Work Practice: Client Expectations And Provider Challenges, Katarzyna J. Olcon

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

To obtain a comprehensive view of the level of knowledge and development achieved in multicultural social work practice, I conducted a scoping review of U.S. empirical literature for the 10-year period from 2007 through 2016. The review revealed that across the board racial and ethnic minority clients continue to experience marginalization and report low satisfaction with services. Conversely, providers are subject to some tensions and biases toward multicultural practice exacerbated by employers’ lack of emphasis on cultural competence. The problematic findings from the review suggest that our current approaches to cultural competence may need to be reexamined.


#Metoo Has Changed The Media Landscape, But In Australia There Is Still Much To Be Done, Bianca Fileborn, Rachel E. Loney-Howes, Sophie Hindes Jan 2019

#Metoo Has Changed The Media Landscape, But In Australia There Is Still Much To Be Done, Bianca Fileborn, Rachel E. Loney-Howes, Sophie Hindes

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Emerging in October 2017 in response to allegations of sexual assault perpetrated by Hollywood movie mogul Harvey Weinstein, #MeToo highlighted the potential for traditional and social media to work together to generate global interest in gender-based violence. Within 24 hours, survivors around the world had used the hashtag 12 million times.


Antenatal Depression Symptoms In Pacific Women: Evidence From Growing Up In New Zealand, Frances Mcdaid, Lisa Underwood, Jacinta Fa'alili-Fidow, Karen E. Waldie, Elizabeth R. Peterson, Amy L. Bird, Stephanie D'Souza, Susan Morton Jan 2019

Antenatal Depression Symptoms In Pacific Women: Evidence From Growing Up In New Zealand, Frances Mcdaid, Lisa Underwood, Jacinta Fa'alili-Fidow, Karen E. Waldie, Elizabeth R. Peterson, Amy L. Bird, Stephanie D'Souza, Susan Morton

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

INTRODUCTION: Pacific women in New Zealand (NZ) have higher rates of antenatal depression than women from other ethnic groups. AIM: To identify factors that are significantly associated with depression symptoms in pregnant Pacific women living in NZ.

METHODS: Data were collected from 5657 pregnant women, 727 of whom identified their ethnicity as Pacific Island. Antenatal depression symptoms were measured using the Edinburgh Depression Scale with scores above 12 indicating elevated antenatal depression symptoms (ADS).

RESULTS: Pacific women had significantly higher rates of ADS than non-Pacific women, with 23% of pregnant Pacific women experiencing ADS. Factors associated with ADS for Pacific ...


Narrative Identity Reconstruction As Adaptive Growth During Mental Health Recovery: A Narrative Coaching Boardgame Approach, Douglas Kerr, Frank P. Deane, Trevor P. Crowe Jan 2019

Narrative Identity Reconstruction As Adaptive Growth During Mental Health Recovery: A Narrative Coaching Boardgame Approach, Douglas Kerr, Frank P. Deane, Trevor P. Crowe

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: The purpose of this paper is to construct a conceptual framework for investigating the reconstruction of narrative identity in mental health recovery from a complexity perspective. This conceptual framework provides the foundation for developing a health boardgame to facilitate narrative identity reconstruction.

Methods: A selective integrative review of the theoretical and empirical literature relevant to narrative identity reconstruction in recovery was conducted. Sources included books, dissertations, internet resources, and professional journals.

Findings: The reviewed material provides a conceptual framework that offers an enriched understanding of narrative identity reconstruction in recovery as a process of adaptive growth. It identifies the ...


Proposing A Haptic Approach To Facilitating L2 Learners' Pragmatic Competence, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker, William Acton Jan 2019

Proposing A Haptic Approach To Facilitating L2 Learners' Pragmatic Competence, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker, William Acton

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Pragmatic competence plays a critical role in successful communication. Pragmatics in the second language classroom has received substantial interest in TESOL, yet teachers often find the teaching of pragmatics challenging. Instruction generally tends to focus on grammar and vocabulary development, even though pragmatics is closely linked to the sound system (i.e., phonology) of the language. An effective method should combine attention to both pragmatic and phonological competence. We propose an integrated approach, drawing on haptic (movement and touch) pronunciation teaching techniques (Acton, Baker, Burri & Teaman, 2013) to facilitate study and uptake of pragmatics in the classroom. In part by ...


Sms Sos: A Randomized Controlled Trial To Reduce Self-Harm And Suicide Attempts Using Sms Text Messaging, Garry J. Stevens, Trent Hammond, Suzanne Brownhill, Manish Anand, Anabel De La Riva, Jean Hawkins, Tristan Chapman, Richard Baldacchino, Jo Micallef, Jagadeesh Andepalli, Anita Kotak, Naren Gunja, Andrew Page, Grahame V. Gould, Christopher Ryan, Ian Whyte, Gregory L. Carter, Alison L. Jones Jan 2019

Sms Sos: A Randomized Controlled Trial To Reduce Self-Harm And Suicide Attempts Using Sms Text Messaging, Garry J. Stevens, Trent Hammond, Suzanne Brownhill, Manish Anand, Anabel De La Riva, Jean Hawkins, Tristan Chapman, Richard Baldacchino, Jo Micallef, Jagadeesh Andepalli, Anita Kotak, Naren Gunja, Andrew Page, Grahame V. Gould, Christopher Ryan, Ian Whyte, Gregory L. Carter, Alison L. Jones

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Hospital-treated deliberate self-harm (DSH) is common, costly and has high repetition rates. Since brief contact interventions (BCIs) may reduce the risk of DSH repetition, we aim to evaluate whether a SMS (Short Message Service) text message Intervention plus Treatment As Usual (TAU) compared to TAU alone will reduce hospital DSH re-presentation rates in Western Sydney public hospitals in Australia. Methods/design: Our study is a 24-month randomized controlled trial (RCT). Adult patients who present with DSH to hospital emergency, psychiatric, and mental health triage and assessment departments will be randomly assigned to an Intervention condition plus TAU receiving nine ...


Association Of Urban Green Space With Mental Health And General Health Among Adults In Australia, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng Jan 2019

Association Of Urban Green Space With Mental Health And General Health Among Adults In Australia, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Importance: Recent studies indicate that living near more green space may support mental and general health and may also prevent depression. However, most studies are cross-sectional, and few have considered whether some types of green space matter more for mental health.

Objective: To assess whether total green space or specific types of green space are associated with better mental health.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included a residentially stable, city-dwelling sample of 46786 participants from Sydney, Wollongong, and Newcastle, Australia, in the baseline of the Sax Institute's 45 and Up Study (data collected from January 1, 2006 ...


Building Conceptual Knowledge Of Fraction Operations Among Pre-Service Teachers: Effect Of A Representation-Based Teaching Approach Within A Teacher Education Program, Elise J. Thurtell-Hoare, Patricia A. Forrester, Mohan Chinnappan Jan 2019

Building Conceptual Knowledge Of Fraction Operations Among Pre-Service Teachers: Effect Of A Representation-Based Teaching Approach Within A Teacher Education Program, Elise J. Thurtell-Hoare, Patricia A. Forrester, Mohan Chinnappan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

A deep understanding of fraction concepts and operations is necessary if pre-service teachers (PSTs) are to present the concepts in multiple forms to learners. Such an understanding needs to be grounded in rich conceptual knowledge. In the present study, we explore the development of this understanding by supporting a cohort of 103 PSTs, who had previously demonstrated poor conceptual understanding of fraction concepts and operations, with a Representational Reasoning in Teaching and Learning (RRTL) approach aimed at strengthening their conceptual knowledge. A comparison of pre- and post-test results indicated that participants showed a significant improvement in shifting the balance of ...


Alteration To Hippocampal Volume And Shape Confined To Cannabis Dependence: A Multi-Site Study, Yann Chye, Valentina Lorenzetti, Chao Suo, Albert Batalla, Janna Cousijn, Anna Goudriaan, M D. Jenkinson, Rocio Martin-Santos, Sarah Whittle, Murat Yucel, Nadia Solowij Jan 2019

Alteration To Hippocampal Volume And Shape Confined To Cannabis Dependence: A Multi-Site Study, Yann Chye, Valentina Lorenzetti, Chao Suo, Albert Batalla, Janna Cousijn, Anna Goudriaan, M D. Jenkinson, Rocio Martin-Santos, Sarah Whittle, Murat Yucel, Nadia Solowij

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Cannabis use is highly prevalent and often considered to be relatively harmless. Nonetheless, a subset of regular cannabis users may develop dependence, experiencing poorer quality of life and greater mental health problems relative to non-dependent users. The neuroanatomy characterizing cannabis use versus dependence is poorly understood. We aimed to delineate the contributing role of cannabis use and dependence on morphology of the hippocampus, one of the most consistently altered brain regions in cannabis users, in a large multi-site dataset aggregated across four research sites. We compared hippocampal volume and vertex-level hippocampal shape differences (1) between 121 non-using controls and 140 ...


Who Drinks Sugar Sweetened Beverages And Juice? An Australian Population Study Of Behaviour, Awareness And Attitudes, Caroline Miller, Melanie Dr Melanie Wakefield, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, David Roder, Kerin O'Dea, Kerry Ettridge, Joanne Dono Jan 2019

Who Drinks Sugar Sweetened Beverages And Juice? An Australian Population Study Of Behaviour, Awareness And Attitudes, Caroline Miller, Melanie Dr Melanie Wakefield, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, David Roder, Kerin O'Dea, Kerry Ettridge, Joanne Dono

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: The rate of overweight and obesity in Australia is among the highest in the world. Yet Australia lags other countries in developing comprehensive educative or regulatory responses to address sugary drink consumption, a key modifiable risk factor that contributes substantial excess sugar to the diet. Measurement of sugary drink consumption is typically sporadic and nutrition focussed and there is limited knowledge of community perceptions and awareness of the health risks associated with excess sugary drink consumption. The aim of this study was to assess the demographic characteristics, behavioural risk factors and attitudes and knowledge associated with sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB ...


Two Studies Of The Empirical Basis Of Two Learning Resource-Oriented Motivational Strategies For Gifted Educators, Anamaria Vladut, Wilma Vialle, Albert Ziegler Jan 2018

Two Studies Of The Empirical Basis Of Two Learning Resource-Oriented Motivational Strategies For Gifted Educators, Anamaria Vladut, Wilma Vialle, Albert Ziegler

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Two learning resource-oriented motivational strategies for gifted educators are introduced: a homeostatic orientation that aims for balance and an allostatic orientation that aims at growth. In order to establish the empirical basis of these motivational strategies, two studies were conducted with samples of students from a specialized post-secondary business school who were enrolled in grades 11–13. Study 1 focused on the empirical basis of the homeostatic orientation. It was shown that the availability of learning resources is associated with two forms of balance within an actiotope: robustness and resilience. Furthermore, it could be shown that the effects of exogenous ...


Opioid Use And Harms Associated With A Sustained-Release Tapentadol Formulation: A Postmarketing Study Protocol, Amy Peacock, Briony K. Larance, Michael P. Farrell, Rose Cairns, Nicholas A. Buckley, Louisa Degenhardt Jan 2018

Opioid Use And Harms Associated With A Sustained-Release Tapentadol Formulation: A Postmarketing Study Protocol, Amy Peacock, Briony K. Larance, Michael P. Farrell, Rose Cairns, Nicholas A. Buckley, Louisa Degenhardt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction It has been argued that tapentadol may pharmacologically have lower abuse potential than other pharmaceutical opioids currently available. However, there has been no comprehensive triangulation of data regarding use and harms associated with this formulation. A sustained-release formulation (SRF) of tapentadol (Palexia) was released in Australia in 2011 and listed for public subsidy in 2013. We summarise here the methods of a postmarketing study which will measure postintroduction: (1) population level availability, (2) extramedical use and diversion, (3) attractiveness for extramedical use and (4) associated harms, of tapentadol compared against other pharmaceutical opioids. Methods and analysis We evaluated key ...


International Field Placements: The Models Australian Social Work Programmes Are Currently Using, Mim Fox, Richard Hugman Jan 2018

International Field Placements: The Models Australian Social Work Programmes Are Currently Using, Mim Fox, Richard Hugman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

IInternational field placements have become increasingly common in Australian social work programmes. This article looks at the models of organising international placements, in sending or receiving social work students. Four such models are identified: informal linkages for individual students, linkages between Australian social work programmes, formalised university to university agreements and formalised university to agency agreements. Although there appears to be a preference for formalised ongoing relationships between institutions in different countries, drawing on all four models as appropriate and feasible will enable everyone involved in international placements to achieve the most positive practice possible.


Effect Of Cannabis Use In People With Chronic Non-Cancer Pain Prescribed Opioids: Findings From A 4-Year Prospective Cohort Study, Gabrielle Campbell, Wayne Hall, Amy Peacock, Nicholas Lintzeris, Raimondo Bruno, Briony K. Larance, Suzanne Nielsen, Milton Cohen, Gary Chan, Richard P. Mattick, Fiona Blyth, Marian D. Shanahan, Timothy Dobbins, Michael P. Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt Jan 2018

Effect Of Cannabis Use In People With Chronic Non-Cancer Pain Prescribed Opioids: Findings From A 4-Year Prospective Cohort Study, Gabrielle Campbell, Wayne Hall, Amy Peacock, Nicholas Lintzeris, Raimondo Bruno, Briony K. Larance, Suzanne Nielsen, Milton Cohen, Gary Chan, Richard P. Mattick, Fiona Blyth, Marian D. Shanahan, Timothy Dobbins, Michael P. Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background Interest in the use of cannabis and cannabinoids to treat chronic non-cancer pain is increasing, because of their potential to reduce opioid dose requirements. We aimed to investigate cannabis use in people living with chronic non-cancer pain who had been prescribed opioids, including their reasons for use and perceived effectiveness of cannabis; associations between amount of cannabis use and pain, mental health, and opioid use; the effect of cannabis use on pain severity and interference over time; and potential opioid-sparing effects of cannabis. Methods The Pain and Opioids IN Treatment study is a prospective, national, observational cohort of people ...


Does Precautionary Information About Electromagnetic Fields Trigger Nocebo Responses? An Experimental Risk Communication Study, Christoph A. Boehmert, Adam Verrender, Mario Pauli, Peter M. Wiedemann Jan 2018

Does Precautionary Information About Electromagnetic Fields Trigger Nocebo Responses? An Experimental Risk Communication Study, Christoph A. Boehmert, Adam Verrender, Mario Pauli, Peter M. Wiedemann

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

2018 The Author(s). Background: Regarding electromagnetic fields from mobile communication technologies, empirical studies have shown that precautionary information given to lay recipients increases their risk perceptions, i.e. the belief that electromagnetic fie lds are dangerous. Taking this finding one step further, the current study investigates whether precautionary information also leads to higher symptom perceptions in an alleged exposure situation. Building on existing research on nocebo responses to sham electromagnetic fields, an interaction of the precautionary information with personality characteristics was hypothesised. Methods: An experimental design with sham exposure to an electromagnetic field of a WLAN device was deployed ...


Low-Grade Inflammation And Muscular Fitness On Insulin Resistance In Adolescents: Results From Labmed Physical Activity Study, Cesar A. Agostinis-Sobrinho, Robinson Ramirez-Velez, Antonio Garcia-Hermoso, Carla Moreira, Luis Carlos Oliveira Lopes, Jose Oliveira-Santos, Sandra Abreu, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos Jan 2018

Low-Grade Inflammation And Muscular Fitness On Insulin Resistance In Adolescents: Results From Labmed Physical Activity Study, Cesar A. Agostinis-Sobrinho, Robinson Ramirez-Velez, Antonio Garcia-Hermoso, Carla Moreira, Luis Carlos Oliveira Lopes, Jose Oliveira-Santos, Sandra Abreu, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Low muscular fitness (MF) and low-grade inflammation has been linked to insulin resistance (IR). Objective: To evaluate the associations between MF and a clustered score of inflammatory biomarkers on IR and to investigate the combined impact of MF and inflammation on IR in adolescents. Methods: This is a cross-sectional analysis with 529 adolescents (267 girls) aged 12 to 18 years. Pubertal stage, socioeconomic status, adherence to the Mediterranean diet, cardiorespiratory fitness, and waist circumference were assessed. Standing long-jump and isometric handgrip dynamometry were used as indicators of MF. Continuous score of clustered inflammatory biomarkers (InflaScore) (sum of Z-scores of ...


Embodied Uncertainty: Living With Complexity And Natural Hazards, Victoria Sword-Daniels, Christine Eriksen, Emma E. Hudson-Doyle, Ryan Alaniz, Carolina Adler, Todd Schenk, Suzanne Vallance Jan 2018

Embodied Uncertainty: Living With Complexity And Natural Hazards, Victoria Sword-Daniels, Christine Eriksen, Emma E. Hudson-Doyle, Ryan Alaniz, Carolina Adler, Todd Schenk, Suzanne Vallance

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In this paper, we examine the concept of embodied uncertainty by exploring multiple dimensions of uncertainty in the context of risks associated with extreme natural hazards. We highlight a need for greater recognition, particularly by disaster management and response agencies, of uncertainty as a subjective experience for those living at risk. Embodied uncertainty is distinguished from objective uncertainty by the nature of its internalisation at the individual level, where it is subjective, felt and directly experienced. This approach provides a conceptual pathway that sharpens knowledge of the processes that shape how individuals and communities interpret and contextualise risk. The ways ...