Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 180

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Societal Perspective On Access To Publicly Subsidised Medicines: A Cross Sectional Survey Of 3080 Adults In Australia, Lesley Chim, Glenn P. Salkeld, Patrick J. Kelly, Wendy Lipworth, Dyfrig A. Hughes, Martin R. Stockler Jan 2017

Societal Perspective On Access To Publicly Subsidised Medicines: A Cross Sectional Survey Of 3080 Adults In Australia, Lesley Chim, Glenn P. Salkeld, Patrick J. Kelly, Wendy Lipworth, Dyfrig A. Hughes, Martin R. Stockler

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background Around the world government agencies responsible for the selection and reimbursement of prescribed medicines and other health technologies are considering how best to bring community preferences into their decision making. In particular, community views about the distribution or equity of funding across the population. These official committees and agencies often have access to the best available and latest evidence on clinical effectiveness, safety and cost from large clinical trials and population-based studies. All too often they do not have access to high quality evidence about community views. We therefore, conducted a large and representative population-based survey in Australia to ...


Inspiring Environmentally Responsible Preschool Children Through The Implementation Of The National Quality Framework: Uncovering What Lies Between Theory And Practice, Krista Pollock, Jane D. Warren, Peter J. Andersen Jan 2017

Inspiring Environmentally Responsible Preschool Children Through The Implementation Of The National Quality Framework: Uncovering What Lies Between Theory And Practice, Krista Pollock, Jane D. Warren, Peter J. Andersen

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION FOR environmental sustainability (ECEfES) has become significant in the early years, as highlighted by the inclusion of ECEfES in Australia's first and current National Quality Framework (NQF) for early childhood education and care (ECEC). This article reports on the major findings from a case study (Pollock, 2014), which aimed to uncover what lies between theory and practice, as ECEC educators attempt to support young children to become environmentally responsible, through the implementation of the NQF. This article discusses some of the findings from an analysis of the documents central to the NQF as well as semi-structured ...


Developing Intervention Strategies To Optimise Body Composition In Early Childhood In South Africa, Catherine E. Draper, Simone Tomaz, Matthew Stone, Trina Hinkley, Rachel A. Jones, Johann Louw, Rhian Twine, Kathleen Kahn, Shane A. Norris Jan 2017

Developing Intervention Strategies To Optimise Body Composition In Early Childhood In South Africa, Catherine E. Draper, Simone Tomaz, Matthew Stone, Trina Hinkley, Rachel A. Jones, Johann Louw, Rhian Twine, Kathleen Kahn, Shane A. Norris

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The purpose of this research was to collect data to inform intervention strategies to optimise body composition in South African preschool children. Methods. Data were collected in urban and rural settings. Weight status, physical activity, and gross motor skill assessments were conducted with 341 3-6-year-old children, and 55 teachers and parents/caregivers participated in focus groups. Results. Overweight and obesity were a concern in low-income urban settings (14%), but levels of physical activity and gross motor skills were adequate across all settings. Focus group findings from urban and rural settings indicated that teachers would welcome input on leading activities to ...


Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior And Their Correlates In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review, Rachel A. Jones, Katherine Downing, Nicole Rinehart, Lisa M. Barnett, Tamara May, Jane Mcgillivray, Nicole Papadopoulos, Helen Skouteris, Anna Timperio, Trina Hinkley Jan 2017

Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior And Their Correlates In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review, Rachel A. Jones, Katherine Downing, Nicole Rinehart, Lisa M. Barnett, Tamara May, Jane Mcgillivray, Nicole Papadopoulos, Helen Skouteris, Anna Timperio, Trina Hinkley

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Autism Spectrum Disorder affects up to 2.5% of children and is associated with harmful health outcomes (e.g. obesity). Low levels of physical activity and high levels of sedentary behaviors may contribute to harmful health outcomes. To systematically review the prevalence and correlates of physical activity and sedentary behaviors in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, electronic databases (PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus, EMBASE, Medline) were searched from inception to November 2015. The review was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42014013849). Peer-reviewed, English language studies were included. Two reviewers screened potentially relevant articles. Outcomes of interest were physical activity and sedentary behaviour levels and their ...


Psa Testing For Men At Average Risk Of Prostate Cancer, Bruce Armstrong, Michael Barry, Mark Frydenberg, Robert A. Gardiner, Ian Haines, Stacy M. Carter Jan 2017

Psa Testing For Men At Average Risk Of Prostate Cancer, Bruce Armstrong, Michael Barry, Mark Frydenberg, Robert A. Gardiner, Ian Haines, Stacy M. Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing of men at normal risk of prostate cancer is one of the most contested issues in cancer screening. There is no formal screening program, but testing is common - arguably a practice that ran ahead of the evidence. Public and professional communication about PSA screening has been highly varied and potentially confusing for practitioners and patients alike. There has been much research and policy activity relating to PSA testing in recent years. Landmark randomised controlled trials have been reported; authorities - including the 2013 Prostate Cancer World Congress, the Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia, Cancer Council Australia, and ...


Nanotoxicology And Safety Evaluation Of Nanoparticles In Sunscreen Products In Vitro, Shahnaz Bakand, Amanda Hayes, Finance Dechsakulthorn Jan 2017

Nanotoxicology And Safety Evaluation Of Nanoparticles In Sunscreen Products In Vitro, Shahnaz Bakand, Amanda Hayes, Finance Dechsakulthorn

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the Australasian College of Toxicology & Risk Assessment 10th Annual Scientific Meeting & Continuing Education Day, 27-29 September 2017, Canberra, Australia


'Multimorbidity In Australia: Comparing Estimates Derived Using Administrative Data Sources And Survey Data', Sanja Lujic, Judy Simpson, Nicholas Arnold Zwar, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Louisa R. Jorm Jan 2017

'Multimorbidity In Australia: Comparing Estimates Derived Using Administrative Data Sources And Survey Data', Sanja Lujic, Judy Simpson, Nicholas Arnold Zwar, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Louisa R. Jorm

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background

Estimating multimorbidity (presence of two or more chronic conditions) using administrative data is becoming increasingly common. We investigated (1) the concordance of identification of chronic conditions and multimorbidity using self-report survey and administrative datasets; (2) characteristics of people with multimorbidity ascertained using different data sources; and (3) whether the same individuals are classified as multimorbid using different data sources.

Methods

Baseline survey data for 90,352 participants of the 45 and Up Study—a cohort study of residents of New South Wales, Australia, aged 45 years and over—were linked to prior two-year pharmaceutical claims and hospital admission records ...


Let's Address Low Visual Arts Self-Efficacy, Gai M. Lindsay Jan 2017

Let's Address Low Visual Arts Self-Efficacy, Gai M. Lindsay

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Visual arts pedagogy and the place of visual arts in the curriculum are determined by the collision of teachers' visual arts self-efficacy beliefs, pedagogical beliefs about children's learning processes and visual arts content knowledge.


Atypical Interference Control In Children With Ad/Hd With Elevated Theta/Beta Ratio, Dawei Zhang, Steven J. Roodenrys, Hui Li, Robert J. Barry, Adam R. Clarke, Zhanliang Wu, Qihua Zhao, Yanlin Song, Lu Liu, Qiujin Qian, Yufeng Wang, Stuart J. Johnstone, Li-Chao Sun Jan 2017

Atypical Interference Control In Children With Ad/Hd With Elevated Theta/Beta Ratio, Dawei Zhang, Steven J. Roodenrys, Hui Li, Robert J. Barry, Adam R. Clarke, Zhanliang Wu, Qihua Zhao, Yanlin Song, Lu Liu, Qiujin Qian, Yufeng Wang, Stuart J. Johnstone, Li-Chao Sun

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The theta/beta ratio (TBR) is a major area of interest within electroencephalogram (EEG) research in AD/HD. While researchers suggest a prognostic role for TBR in AD/HD, its relationship to behavior remains uncertain. Recent evidence suggests that elevated TBR in AD/HD may be related to atypical inhibition, particularly at an attentional level. This study aimed to examine the performance on three inhibitory tasks of children with AD/HD. Fifty-eight children with AD/HD participated, divided into an elevated TBR (ET) group and a control group (CT). A behavioral disassociation was found − compared to CT, ET showed more ...


Vertical Whiteboarding: Riding The Wave Of Student Activity In A Mathematics Classroom, Patricia A. Forrester, Carolyn Mcphail, Suellen L. Denny Jan 2017

Vertical Whiteboarding: Riding The Wave Of Student Activity In A Mathematics Classroom, Patricia A. Forrester, Carolyn Mcphail, Suellen L. Denny

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In 2014 we commenced working on the Inspiring Mathematics and Science in Teacher Education (IMSITE) project, aimed at improving mathematics and science education in Australia by improving the recruitment, development and retention of mathematics and science teachers. In this project we undertook a range of activities, the most exciting of which was the introduction of whiteboarding as a tool to actively engage high school students with mathematics.


Heroic Struggles, Criminals And Scientific Breakthroughs: Adhd And The Medicalization Of Child Behaviour In Australian Newsprint Media 1999-2009, Valerie Harwood, Sandra C. Jones, Andrew D. Bonney, Samantha Mcmahon Jan 2017

Heroic Struggles, Criminals And Scientific Breakthroughs: Adhd And The Medicalization Of Child Behaviour In Australian Newsprint Media 1999-2009, Valerie Harwood, Sandra C. Jones, Andrew D. Bonney, Samantha Mcmahon

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

There is a dearth of scholarly analysis and critique of the Australian newsprint media's role in the medicalization of child behaviour. To begin to redress this lack this paper analyses newsprint media's use of metaphors that re/describe and construct realities of ADHD with a medicalizing effect. The interdisciplinary team used the FactivaTM database to locate and review 453 articles published in Australian national and metropolitan newspapers during the decade 1999-2009. Data analysis involved generating statistical descriptions of the dataset according to attributes such as: date, state, newspaper titles and author names. This was followed by inductive analysis ...


Stunting And Severe Stunting Among Children Under-5 Years In Nigeria: A Multilevel Analysis, Blessing Akombi, Kingsley E. Agho, John J. Hall, Dafna Merom, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Andre Renzaho Jan 2017

Stunting And Severe Stunting Among Children Under-5 Years In Nigeria: A Multilevel Analysis, Blessing Akombi, Kingsley E. Agho, John J. Hall, Dafna Merom, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Andre Renzaho

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background

Stunting has been identified as one of the major proximal risk factors for poor physical and mental development of children under-5 years. Stunting predominantly occurs in the first 1000 days of life (0–23 months) and continues to the age of five. This study examines factors associated with stunting and severe stunting among children under-5 years in Nigeria.

Methods

The sample included 24,529 children aged 0–59 months from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS). Height-for-age z-scores (HFAz), generated using the 2006 World Health Organisation (WHO) growth reference, were used to define stunting (HFAz < −2SD) and severe stunting (HFAz < −3SD). Multilevel logistic regression analyses that adjusted for cluster and survey weights were used to determine potential risk factors associated with stunting and severe stunting among children under-5 years in Nigeria.

Results

The ...


Using Surrogate Vaccines To Assess Feasibility And Acceptability Of Future Hiv Vaccine Trials In Men: A Randomised Trial In Inner-City Johannesburg, South Africa, Lucy Chimoyi, Mphatso Kamndaya, Emilie Venables, Nina Von Knorring, Jonathan Stadler, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Matthew Chersich, Helen Rees, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe Jan 2017

Using Surrogate Vaccines To Assess Feasibility And Acceptability Of Future Hiv Vaccine Trials In Men: A Randomised Trial In Inner-City Johannesburg, South Africa, Lucy Chimoyi, Mphatso Kamndaya, Emilie Venables, Nina Von Knorring, Jonathan Stadler, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Matthew Chersich, Helen Rees, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Developing an effective HIV vaccine is the overriding priority for HIV prevention research. Enrolling and maintaining cohorts of men into HIV vaccine efficacy trials is a necessary prerequisite for the development and licensure of a safe and efficacious vaccine. Methods: One hundred-fifty consenting HIV-negative men were enrolled into a pilot 1:1 randomised controlled trial of immediate vaccination with a three-dose hepatitis B vaccine compared to deferred vaccination (at 12 months) to investigate feasibility and acceptability of a future HIV vaccine trial in this population. Adverse events, changes in risk behaviour, acceptability of trial procedures and motivations for participation ...


Personality Disorder: A Mental Health Priority Area, Brin F. S Grenyer, Fiona Y. Ng, Michelle L. Townsend, Sathya Rao Jan 2017

Personality Disorder: A Mental Health Priority Area, Brin F. S Grenyer, Fiona Y. Ng, Michelle L. Townsend, Sathya Rao

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Personality disorders have received limited recognition as a public health priority, despite the publication of treatment guidelines and reviews showing effective treatments are available. Inclusive approaches to understanding and servicing personality disorder are required that integrate different service providers. This viewpoint paper identifies pertinent issues surrounding early intervention, treatment needs, consumer and carer experiences, and the need for accurate and representative data collection in personality disorder as starting points in mental health care reform.


The Role Of Community Sports Clubs In Adolescent Mental Health: The Perspectives Of Adolescent Males' Parents, Diarmuid Hurley, Christian F. Swann, Mark S. Allen, Anthony D. Okely, Stewart A. Vella Jan 2017

The Role Of Community Sports Clubs In Adolescent Mental Health: The Perspectives Of Adolescent Males' Parents, Diarmuid Hurley, Christian F. Swann, Mark S. Allen, Anthony D. Okely, Stewart A. Vella

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Adolescent males are at relatively high risk of developing mental health disorders and show low rates of help seeking when mental health disorders arise. Parents are the primary source of support for adolescents and therefore have an important role in mental health promotion and prevention of mental health disorders. The aim of this study was to examine the perceptions of adolescent males' parents on the potential role of community sport clubs in adolescent mental health promotion. Forty-six parents of adolescent males took part in 10 focus groups to investigate parents' mental health knowledge, beliefs and attitudes, perceptions of the role ...


What Can Agencies Do To Increase Foster Carer Satisfaction?, Melanie J. Randle, Leonie M. Miller, Sara Dolnicar Jan 2017

What Can Agencies Do To Increase Foster Carer Satisfaction?, Melanie J. Randle, Leonie M. Miller, Sara Dolnicar

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Stable, long-term foster care homes are critical to ensuring a safe and nurturing childhood for many children worldwide. Greater foster carer satisfaction is associated with increased carer retention and is therefore critical in securing such stable homes for children. The purpose of this study is to determine which factors associated with foster care agencies contribute to higher levels of foster carer satisfaction. Results from a longitudinal study of 137 foster carers indicate that perceived adequacy of agency support, preplacement training, money to cover placement expenses, and a good match between the carer and the child are predictive of higher foster ...


Serial Reconstruction Of Order And Serial Recall In Verbal Short-Term Memory, Philip Quinlan, Steven J. Roodenrys, Leonie M. Miller Jan 2017

Serial Reconstruction Of Order And Serial Recall In Verbal Short-Term Memory, Philip Quinlan, Steven J. Roodenrys, Leonie M. Miller

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

We carried out a series of experiments on verbal short-term memory for lists of words. In the first experiment, participants were tested via immediate serial recall, and word frequency and list set size were manipulated. With closed lists, the same set of items was repeatedly sampled, and with open lists, no item was presented more than once. In serial recall, effects of word frequency and set size were found. When a serial reconstruction-of-order task was used, in a second experiment, robust effects of word frequency emerged, but set size failed to show an effect. The effects of word frequency in ...


Using Unannounced Standardised Patients As A Quality Improvement Tool To Improve Primary Care, Heike Schutze, Elizabeth Harris, Mark Fort Harris Jan 2017

Using Unannounced Standardised Patients As A Quality Improvement Tool To Improve Primary Care, Heike Schutze, Elizabeth Harris, Mark Fort Harris

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 2nd International Conference on General Practice & Primary Care, 18-19 September 2017, Zurich, Switzerland


Patient, Oncologist And Gp Views About Cancer Follow-Up Care In General Practice, Heike Schutze, Melvin Chin, David Weller, Sue Suchy, Mark Fort Harris Jan 2017

Patient, Oncologist And Gp Views About Cancer Follow-Up Care In General Practice, Heike Schutze, Melvin Chin, David Weller, Sue Suchy, Mark Fort Harris

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 2nd International Conference on General Practice & Primary Care, 18-19 September 2017, Zurich, Switzerland


Retention In Enhanced Team Based Learning Course: Retain Or Refrain?, Janil Puthucheary, Sok H. Goh, Tam C. Ha, Doyle G. Graham, Sandy Cook Jan 2017

Retention In Enhanced Team Based Learning Course: Retain Or Refrain?, Janil Puthucheary, Sok H. Goh, Tam C. Ha, Doyle G. Graham, Sandy Cook

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Students’ ability to retain content in medical school has always been a concern. At Duke-NUS Medical School, we modified our Team-Based Learning (TBL) classes known as TeamLEAD, a learning strategy for first year basic science content, to include an open/closed-book option in the readiness assurance phase to engage teams in deeper discussion. We hypothesize that the open-book option allows students to engage in deeper learning in their teams, which leads to an improvement in retention ability for each individual student at the end of their first year basic science curriculum.

Methods: A total of 115 MCQs used throughout first ...


Rediscovering Why I Do What I Do: The Benefits Of Explaining Ergonomics To Researchers From Different Disciplines - A Personal Reflection On A Phd Journey, Alison F. Bell Jan 2017

Rediscovering Why I Do What I Do: The Benefits Of Explaining Ergonomics To Researchers From Different Disciplines - A Personal Reflection On A Phd Journey, Alison F. Bell

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the HFESA 52nd Annual Conference, 26-29 November 2017, Wollongong, Australia


Crossing Rivers, Revisiting Trauma, And Contemplating The Geo: Thinking Into The Anthropocenic, Justin Westgate Jan 2017

Crossing Rivers, Revisiting Trauma, And Contemplating The Geo: Thinking Into The Anthropocenic, Justin Westgate

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The irony of the Anthropocene-an idea grounded in earth sciences-is that it acts to unground some of the foundational ideas about the world. It asks us to reevaluate and rethink the human-nature binary, to inhabit a world less hospitable and malleable than we dared to believe. I explore this notion of groundlessness by returning to a personally traumatic event that literally swept me off my feet-crossing a river. I argue that the experience of such corporeal vulnerability can provide fertile ground for reorienting our own perception. Delving into such experiences may be used to provoke and expand thinking with a ...


Sydney Playground Project: A Cluster‐Randomized Trial To Increase Physical Activity, Play, And Social Skills, Anita C. Bundy, Lina Engelen, Shirley Wyver, Paul Tranter, Jo Ragen, Adrian E. Bauman, Louise A. Baur, Wendy Schiller, Judy Simpson, Anita Niehues, Gabrielle Perry, Glenda Jessup, Geraldine A. Naughton Jan 2017

Sydney Playground Project: A Cluster‐Randomized Trial To Increase Physical Activity, Play, And Social Skills, Anita C. Bundy, Lina Engelen, Shirley Wyver, Paul Tranter, Jo Ragen, Adrian E. Bauman, Louise A. Baur, Wendy Schiller, Judy Simpson, Anita Niehues, Gabrielle Perry, Glenda Jessup, Geraldine A. Naughton

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

BACKGROUND

We assessed the effectiveness of a simple intervention for increasing children's physical activity, play, perceived competence/social acceptance, and social skills.

METHODS

A cluster‐randomized controlled trial was conducted, in which schools were the clusters. Twelve Sydney (Australia) primary schools were randomly allocated to intervention or control conditions, with 226 children (5‐7 years old) selected randomly to participate. Data were collected at baseline and after 13 weeks. The intervention consisted of introducing recycled materials without an obvious play purpose into school playgrounds and a risk‐reframing workshop for parents and teachers.

RESULTS

Children from the intervention schools ...


Flood, Michael J. Adams Jan 2017

Flood, Michael J. Adams

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Flash fiction


Dirty Ecologies: The Black Marlin In Allens Creek, Michael J. Adams Jan 2017

Dirty Ecologies: The Black Marlin In Allens Creek, Michael J. Adams

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The shaky video shows the arc of its tail scything through brown water as the Black Marlin swims through the creek, hunting bream and tailor. The phone camera pans around and the built structures of the Port Kembla steelworks frame the scene, heavy trucks rolling over a concrete bridge, smokestacks and factories crowding the landscape. The most polluted creek in the Illawarra region of south-east Australia, Allens Creek flows through the steelworks, its banks lined with concrete and weeds, its waters littered with plastic, broken glass and rusting steel. Recently steelworkers watched amazed as that Black Marlin hunted in the ...


2017 Calibre Essay Prize (Winner): 'Salt Blood', Michael J. Adams Jan 2017

2017 Calibre Essay Prize (Winner): 'Salt Blood', Michael J. Adams

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

It is quiet and cool and dark blue. At this depth the pressure on my body is double what it is at the surface: my heartbeat has slowed, blood has started to withdraw from my extremities and move into the space my compressed lungs have created. I am ten metres underwater on a breath-hold dive, suspended at the point of neutral buoyancy where the weight of the water above cancels my body's natural flotation. I turn head down, straighten my body, kick gently, and begin to fall with the unimpeded gravitational pull to the heart of the Earth.


Instead Of Rebuilding Stadiums, The Nsw Government Should Focus On Local Sport And Events, Christopher R. Gibson Jan 2017

Instead Of Rebuilding Stadiums, The Nsw Government Should Focus On Local Sport And Events, Christopher R. Gibson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The New South Wales government's argument for spending A$2 billion rebuilding stadiums is that Sydney is losing flagship events to other state capitals, leading to fewer tourists and less media exposure. But large investments in transportation and venues are a significant drain on the public purse, often for economic returns that rarely break even.


Further Examining The Relationship Between Mental Toughness And Dispositional Flow In Sport: A Mediation Analysis, Patricia C. Jackman, Lee Crust, Christian F. Swann Jan 2017

Further Examining The Relationship Between Mental Toughness And Dispositional Flow In Sport: A Mediation Analysis, Patricia C. Jackman, Lee Crust, Christian F. Swann

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The purpose of the study was to further examine the relationship between mental toughness (MT) and dispositional flow in sport. A sample of 256 athletes (M age = 23.65 years, SD = 5.43), competing at international (n = 59), national (n = 77), and club/university (n = 120) levels completed questionnaires assessing MT and dispositional flow. A significant and positive correlation was found between MT and dispositional flow (r = 0.50, p < 0.001). Mediation analysis revealed that MT had a significant direct effect on the flow dimensions of challenge-skills balance, clear goals, unambiguous feedback, sense of control and concentration on the task at hand, and significant indirect effects on concentration on the task at hand, sense of control, loss of self-consciousness, action-awareness merging and autotelic experience. Findings suggest that MT has direct and indirect effects on the characteristics of flow, offering new insights regarding optimal human functioning


Employee Perspectives: Exploring The Journey From Paid Work To Retirement Due Onset Of A Dementia, Catherine L. Andrew, Lyn Phillipson, Lynnaire M. Sheridan Jan 2017

Employee Perspectives: Exploring The Journey From Paid Work To Retirement Due Onset Of A Dementia, Catherine L. Andrew, Lyn Phillipson, Lynnaire M. Sheridan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the Occupational Therapy Australia 27th National Conference and Exhibition, 19-21 July 2017, Perth, Australia


Canadian University Students' Gendered Attitudes Toward Plagiarism, Sahar Bokosmaty, John F. Ehrich, Michelle J. Eady, Kenton Bell Jan 2017

Canadian University Students' Gendered Attitudes Toward Plagiarism, Sahar Bokosmaty, John F. Ehrich, Michelle J. Eady, Kenton Bell

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Prior research on plagiarism has indicated that men may have a greater predisposition toward academic dishonesty than women. However, little research has been conducted using psychometrically tested instruments to validate such claims. To address this gap, a survey was conducted with 377 undergraduate students at a Canadian university on their attitudes toward plagiarism using a psychometrically validated instrument (the Attitudes Toward Plagiarism Questionnaire - Revised). Using differential item functioning/Rasch analysis, no overall differences in attitudes toward plagiarism based on gender were found. A descriptive analysis of both men and women revealed that while only a concerning minority of students reported ...