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Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

2014

Health

Articles 1 - 20 of 20

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Use Of Citizens' Juries In Health Policy Decision-Making: A Systematic Review, Jackie M. Street, Katherine M. Duszynski, Stephanie Krawczyk, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer Jan 2014

The Use Of Citizens' Juries In Health Policy Decision-Making: A Systematic Review, Jackie M. Street, Katherine M. Duszynski, Stephanie Krawczyk, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Deliberative inclusive approaches, such as citizen juries, have been used to engage citizens on a range of issues in health care and public health. Researchers engaging with the public to inform policy and practice have adapted the citizen jury method in a variety of ways. The nature and impact of these adaptations has not been evaluated.

We systematically searched Medline (PubMED), CINAHL and Scopus databases to identify deliberative inclusive methods, particularly citizens' juries and their adaptations, deployed in health research. Identified studies were evaluated focussing on principles associated with deliberative democracy: inclusivity, deliberation and active citizenship. We examined overall process ...


Australian Health Policy And End Of Life Care For People With Chronic Disease: An Analysis, Teresa Burgess, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Gregory Crawford, Justin J. Beilby Jan 2014

Australian Health Policy And End Of Life Care For People With Chronic Disease: An Analysis, Teresa Burgess, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Gregory Crawford, Justin J. Beilby

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

End of life care for people with advanced chronic disease is a growing international imperative, with the majority of deaths in the world now related to chronic disease. The provision of care that meets the needs of people with advanced chronic disease must be guided by appropriate policy. The key policy areas impacting directly on end of life care are related to chronic disease, palliative care and, increasingly, aged care.

This paper describes the outcomes of an audit of Australian chronic disease and end of life/palliative care policies. We identified that chronic disease health policies/strategies demonstrate a focus ...


Warning! : Packaging Can Damage Your Health, Alaster Yoxall, Alison Bell, Karen Walton Jan 2014

Warning! : Packaging Can Damage Your Health, Alaster Yoxall, Alison Bell, Karen Walton

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Previous work by the authors has shown that access to packaging in hospitals can influence the nutritional status of patients. This work indicated that five particular pack forms performed badly and that the issue surrounding poor access was both linked to strength and dexterity. The study presented here looks at initial work undertaken to examine the dexterity needed to access these problematic packaging and examine methods for measuring users dexterity. To that end a Purdue Pegboard, questionnaires, HSV and task analysis were used. This work showed that there was a direct link between the reduction in dexterity and the time ...


Reconnecting Urban Planning With Health: A Protocol For The Development And Validation Of National Liveability Indicators Associated With Noncommunicable Disease Risk Behaviours And Health Outcomes, Billie Giles-Corti, Hannah M. Badland, Suzanne Mavoa, Gavin Turrell, Fiona Bull, Bryan Boruff, Christopher Pettit, Adrian E. Bauman, Paula Hooper, Karen Villanueva, Thomas Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng, Vincent Learnihan, R Davey, Rob Grenfell, Sarah Thackway Jan 2014

Reconnecting Urban Planning With Health: A Protocol For The Development And Validation Of National Liveability Indicators Associated With Noncommunicable Disease Risk Behaviours And Health Outcomes, Billie Giles-Corti, Hannah M. Badland, Suzanne Mavoa, Gavin Turrell, Fiona Bull, Bryan Boruff, Christopher Pettit, Adrian E. Bauman, Paula Hooper, Karen Villanueva, Thomas Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng, Vincent Learnihan, R Davey, Rob Grenfell, Sarah Thackway

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Aim: Liveable communities create the conditions to optimise health and wellbeing outcomes in residents by influencing various social determinants of health - for example, neighbourhood walkability and access to public transport, public open space, local amenities, and social and community facilities. This study will develop national liveability indicators that are (a) aligned with state and federal urban policy, (b) developed using national data (where available), (c) standard and consistent over time, (d) suitable for monitoring progress towards creating more liveable, equitable and sustainable communities, (e) validated against selected noncommunicable disease risk behaviours and/or health outcomes, and (f) practical for measuring ...


Protocol For The Process Evaluation Of A Complex Intervention Designed To Increase The Use Of Research In Health Policy And Program Organisations (The Spirit Study), Abby Haynes, Sue Brennan, Stacy M. Carter, Denise O'Connor, Carmen Huckel Schneider, Tari Turner, Gisselle Gallego Jan 2014

Protocol For The Process Evaluation Of A Complex Intervention Designed To Increase The Use Of Research In Health Policy And Program Organisations (The Spirit Study), Abby Haynes, Sue Brennan, Stacy M. Carter, Denise O'Connor, Carmen Huckel Schneider, Tari Turner, Gisselle Gallego

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background Process evaluation is vital for understanding how interventions function in different settings, including if and why they have different effects or do not work at all. This is particularly important in trials of complex interventions in `real world' organisational settings where causality is difficult to determine. Complexity presents challenges for process evaluation, and process evaluations that tackle complexity are rarely reported. This paper presents the detailed protocol for a process evaluation embedded in a randomised trial of a complex intervention known as SPIRIT (Supporting Policy In health with Research: an Intervention Trial). SPIRIT aims to build capacity for using ...


Sports Participation And Parent-Reported Health-Related Quality Of Life In Children: Longitudinal Associations, Stewart Vella, Dylan Cliff, Christopher Magee, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2014

Sports Participation And Parent-Reported Health-Related Quality Of Life In Children: Longitudinal Associations, Stewart Vella, Dylan Cliff, Christopher Magee, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective

To investigate the longitudinal association between sports participation and parent-reported health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children.

Study design

Cohort study that used data drawn from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children in waves 3 (2008) and 4 (2010). Participants were a nationally representative sample of 4042 Australian children ages 8.25 (SD = 0.44) years at baseline and followed-up 24 months later.

Results

After we adjusted for multiple covariates, children who continued to participate in sports between the ages of 8 and 10 years had greater parent-reported HRQOL at age 10 (Eta2 = .02) compared with children who ...


Reaching 'An Audience That You Would Never Dream Of Speaking To': Influential Public Health Researchers' Views On The Role Of News Media In Influencing Policy And Public Understanding, Simon Chapman, Abby Haynes, Gemma Derrick, Heidi Sturk, Wayne Hall, Alexis B. St George Jan 2014

Reaching 'An Audience That You Would Never Dream Of Speaking To': Influential Public Health Researchers' Views On The Role Of News Media In Influencing Policy And Public Understanding, Simon Chapman, Abby Haynes, Gemma Derrick, Heidi Sturk, Wayne Hall, Alexis B. St George

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

While governments and academic institutions urge researchers to engage with news media, traditional academic values of public disengagement have inhibited many from giving high priority to media activity. In this interview-based study, the authors report on the views about news media engagement and strategies used by 36 peer-voted leading Australian public health researchers in 6 fields. The authors consider their views about the role and importance of media in influencing policy, their reflections on effective or ineffective media communicators, and strategies used by these researchers about how to best retain their credibility and influence while engaging with the news media ...


Identifying The Impact Of Local Crime On Mental Health: A Longitudinal Fixed Effects Analysis, Thomas Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng, Gregory Kolt, Bin Jalaludin Jan 2014

Identifying The Impact Of Local Crime On Mental Health: A Longitudinal Fixed Effects Analysis, Thomas Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng, Gregory Kolt, Bin Jalaludin

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the Society for Social Medicine 58th Annual Scientific Meeting, 10-12 September 2014, Oxford, United Kingdom


Integrating Relationship- And Research-Based Approaches In Australian Health Promotion Practice, Christiane Klinner, Stacy M. Carter, Lucie Rychetnik, Vincy Li, Michelle Daley, Avigdor Zask, Beverly Lloyd Jan 2014

Integrating Relationship- And Research-Based Approaches In Australian Health Promotion Practice, Christiane Klinner, Stacy M. Carter, Lucie Rychetnik, Vincy Li, Michelle Daley, Avigdor Zask, Beverly Lloyd

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

We examine the perspectives of health promotion practitioners on their approaches to determining health promotion practice, in particular on the role of research and relationships in this process. Using Grounded Theory methods, we analysed 58 semi-structured interviews with 54 health promotion practitioners in New South Wales, Australia. Practitioners differentiated between relationship-based and research-based approaches as two sources of knowledge to guide health promotion practice. We identify several tensions in seeking to combine these approaches in practice and describe the strategies that participants adopted to manage these tensions. The strategies included working in an evidence-informed rather than evidence-based way, creating new ...


The Healthy Child Citizen: Biopedagogies And Web-Based Health Promotion, Jan Wright, Christine Halse Jan 2014

The Healthy Child Citizen: Biopedagogies And Web-Based Health Promotion, Jan Wright, Christine Halse

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The health of children in affluent economies has become closely tied to the ideal of a normative body weight achieved by monitoring and balancing diet and physical activity. As a result, the education of young people on how to avoid becoming fat begins at an early age through the language and practices of families, the messages embedded in children's media, and through formal schooling. In this paper we use the concept of biopedagogies to investigate how discourses that connect food, the body and health come together on Internet websites to instruct children on how they should come to know ...


Value Congruence, Importance And Success In The Workplace: Links With Well-Being And Burnout Amongst Mental Health Practiticioners, Stephanie Veage, Joseph Ciarrochi, Frank Deane, Retta Andresen, Lindsay G. Oades, Trevor Crowe Jan 2014

Value Congruence, Importance And Success In The Workplace: Links With Well-Being And Burnout Amongst Mental Health Practiticioners, Stephanie Veage, Joseph Ciarrochi, Frank Deane, Retta Andresen, Lindsay G. Oades, Trevor Crowe

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Living according to one׳s personal values has implications for wellbeing, and incongruence between personal and workplace values has been associated with burnout. Using the SGP Card Sorting Task (Ciarrochi & Bailey, 2008), this study explored mental health practitioners׳ personal life values and personal work-related values, and their relationships with wellbeing and burnout. Congruence between life and work-related values was related to wellbeing and perceived accomplishment at work. Those whose personal values were consistent with the commonly-shared values of a caring profession experienced lower burnout and higher personal wellbeing. Successfully pursuing one׳s work values predicted lower burnout and greater wellbeing ...


Beyond Body Facism: The Place For Health Education, Jan Wright Jan 2014

Beyond Body Facism: The Place For Health Education, Jan Wright

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

No abstract provided.


A Systematic Review Of Speech Recognition Technology In Health Care, Maree Johnson, Samuel Lapkin, Vanessa Long, Paula Sanchez, H Suominen, J Basilakis, Linda Dawson Jan 2014

A Systematic Review Of Speech Recognition Technology In Health Care, Maree Johnson, Samuel Lapkin, Vanessa Long, Paula Sanchez, H Suominen, J Basilakis, Linda Dawson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background To undertake a systematic review of existing literature relating to speech recognition technology and its application within health care. Methods A systematic review of existing literature from 2000 was undertaken. Inclusion criteria were: all papers that referred to speech recognition (SR) in health care settings, used by health professionals (allied health, medicine, nursing, technical or support staff), with an evaluation or patient or staff outcomes. Experimental and non-experimental designs were considered. Six databases (Ebscohost including CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE including the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, OVID Technologies, PreMED-LINE, PsycINFO) were searched by a qualified health librarian trained in systematic ...


Addressing Multiple Health Risk Behaviours In Disadvantaged Populations: Research Being Led By The National Health And Medical Research Council Centre Of Research Excellence In Mental Health And Substance Use, Peter James Kelly, Amanda Baker, Frances Kay-Lambkin Jan 2014

Addressing Multiple Health Risk Behaviours In Disadvantaged Populations: Research Being Led By The National Health And Medical Research Council Centre Of Research Excellence In Mental Health And Substance Use, Peter James Kelly, Amanda Baker, Frances Kay-Lambkin

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs Conference 2014, 9-12 November 2014, Adelaide, Australia


Volumes And Bouts Of Sedentary Behavior And Physical Activity: Associations With Cardiometabolic Health In Obese Children, Dylan P. Cliff, Rachel A. Jones, Tracy L. Burrows, Philip J. Morgan, Clare E. Collins, Louise A. Baur, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2014

Volumes And Bouts Of Sedentary Behavior And Physical Activity: Associations With Cardiometabolic Health In Obese Children, Dylan P. Cliff, Rachel A. Jones, Tracy L. Burrows, Philip J. Morgan, Clare E. Collins, Louise A. Baur, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: To examine associations of volumes and bouts of sedentary behavior (SED) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with individual and clustered cardio-metabolic outcomes in overweight/obese children. Design and Methods: Cross-sectional data from 120 overweight/obese children (8.3±1.1y, 62% girls, 74% obese) with SED and MVPA assessed using accelerometry. Children were categorised into quartiles of mean bouts.day-1 of SED (10, 20, and 30min) and MVPA (5, 10, and 15min). Associations with triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, glucose, insulin, systolic/diastolic blood pressure, and clustered cardio-metabolic risk (cMet) were examined using linear regression, adjusted for confounders. Results: Independent ...


Practice Preferences Of Pre-Graduation Allied Health Professionals: Do Graduates Want To Work Where The Workforce Is Needed?, Anne Cusick, Elisha Crichton, Rosalind Bye Jan 2014

Practice Preferences Of Pre-Graduation Allied Health Professionals: Do Graduates Want To Work Where The Workforce Is Needed?, Anne Cusick, Elisha Crichton, Rosalind Bye

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Poster presented at Health Services Research: Evidence-based practice, 1-3 July 2014, London, United Kingdom


Changes In Attitudes Toward Seeking Mental Health Services: A 40-Year Cross-Temporal Meta-Analysis, C Mackenzie, J Erickson, Frank Deane, M Wright Jan 2014

Changes In Attitudes Toward Seeking Mental Health Services: A 40-Year Cross-Temporal Meta-Analysis, C Mackenzie, J Erickson, Frank Deane, M Wright

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Although rates of treatment seeking for mental health problems are increasing, this increase is driven primarily by antidepressant medication use, and a majority of individuals with mental health problems remain untreated. Helpseeking attitudes are thought to be a key barrier to mental health service use, although little is known about whether such attitudes have changed over time. Research on this topic is mixed with respect to whether helpseeking attitudes have become more or less positive. The aim of the current study was to help clarify this issue using a cross-temporal meta-analysis of scores on Fischer and Turner's (1970) helpseeking ...


Supporting Policy In Health With Research: An Intervention Trial (Spirit)-Protocol For A Stepped Wedge Trial, Anna Williamson, Sally Redman, Abby Haynes, Daniel Barker, Louisa R. Jorm, Sally Green, Fiona Blyth, Nicola Lewis, Anthony Shakeshaft, Catherine A. D'Este, Stacy M. Carter Jan 2014

Supporting Policy In Health With Research: An Intervention Trial (Spirit)-Protocol For A Stepped Wedge Trial, Anna Williamson, Sally Redman, Abby Haynes, Daniel Barker, Louisa R. Jorm, Sally Green, Fiona Blyth, Nicola Lewis, Anthony Shakeshaft, Catherine A. D'Este, Stacy M. Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction Governments in different countries have committed to better use of evidence from research in policy. Although many programmes are directed at assisting agencies to better use research, there have been few tests of the effectiveness of such programmes. This paper describes the protocol for SPIRIT (Supporting Policy In health with Research: an Intervention Trial), a trial designed to test the effectiveness of a multifaceted programme to build organisational capacity for the use of research evidence in policy and programme development. The primary aim is to determine whether SPIRIT results in an increase in the extent to which research and ...


Health Promotion: An Ethical Analysis, Stacy M. Carter Jan 2014

Health Promotion: An Ethical Analysis, Stacy M. Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Thinking and practising ethically requires reasoning systematically about the right thing to do. Health promotion ethics - a form of applied ethics - includes analysis of health promotion practice and how this can be ethically justified. Existing frameworks can assist in such evaluation. These acknowledge the moral value of delivering benefits. But benefits need to be weighed against burdens, harms or wrongs, and these should be minimised: they include invading privacy, breaking confidentiality, restraining liberty, undermining self‐determination or people's own values, or perpetuating injustice. Thinking about the ethics of health promotion also means recognising health promotion as a normative ideal ...


Health And Development Of Children Born After Assisted Reproductive Technology And Sub-Fertility Compared To Naturally Conceived Children: Data From A National Study, Alastair G. Sutcliffe, Edward Melhuish, Jacqueline Barnes, Julian Gardiner Jan 2014

Health And Development Of Children Born After Assisted Reproductive Technology And Sub-Fertility Compared To Naturally Conceived Children: Data From A National Study, Alastair G. Sutcliffe, Edward Melhuish, Jacqueline Barnes, Julian Gardiner

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In a non-matched case-control study using data from two large national cohort studies, we investigated whether indicators of child health and development up to 7 years of age differ between children conceived using assisted reproductive technology (ART), children born after sub-fertility (more than 24 months of trying for conception) and other children. Information on ART use/sub-fertility was available for 23,649 children. There were 227 cases (children conceived through ART) and two control groups: 783 children born to sub-fertile couples, and 22,639 children born to couples with no fertility issues. In models adjusted for social and demographic factors ...