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Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

2014

Children

Articles 1 - 21 of 21

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

We All Have A Role In Protecting Children: End The Silence On Abuse, Amy Conley Wright, Lynne M. Keevers Jan 2014

We All Have A Role In Protecting Children: End The Silence On Abuse, Amy Conley Wright, Lynne M. Keevers

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The recent string of major child sexual assault scandals, in Australia and other countries, can create a feeling of disgust and an urge to look away from an ugly reality. Yet we must confront and take collective responsibility for child protection by acknowledging that it happens every day and that we have to talk about it. Societal silence on child sexual abuse protects perpetrators and enables abuse to continue. Child sexual assault is a lot more common than we may think. The Australian Institute of Family Studies reported in 2013 that as many as one in six boys and one ...


Content Analysis Of Food Advertising In Iranian Children's Television Programs, Maryam Amini, Nasrin Omidvar, Heather Yeatman, Shadab Shariat-Jafari, Maryam Eslami-Amirabadi, Malihe Zahedirad Jan 2014

Content Analysis Of Food Advertising In Iranian Children's Television Programs, Maryam Amini, Nasrin Omidvar, Heather Yeatman, Shadab Shariat-Jafari, Maryam Eslami-Amirabadi, Malihe Zahedirad

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Advertisements can influence children's health related behaviors. Television advertisements are the main avenues directing commercials at children in Iran. This study aimed to explore the content of food advertisement during children's television programs in 2007-8 and to compare it with those reported in 2000. Methods: All advertisements broadcasted before, during, and after children's programs aired on two major Iran national television networks were videotaped for a period of 4 weeks during 2007- 8. For each advertisement, type of product(s) and mode of presentation (s) were coded. Results: A total of 229 television advertisements were broadcasted ...


Single-Sex After-School Physical Activity Programs For Overweight And At-Risk Children: The Wollongong Sport Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial, Dylan Cliff, Jacqueline Kelly, Rachel Jones, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2014

Single-Sex After-School Physical Activity Programs For Overweight And At-Risk Children: The Wollongong Sport Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial, Dylan Cliff, Jacqueline Kelly, Rachel Jones, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 2014 Global Summit on the Physical Activity of Children, held in Toronto, May 19-22, 2014.


Obesogenic Television Food Advertising To Children In Malaysia: Sociocultural Variations, See How Ng, Bridget Kelly, Chee H. Se, Karuthan Chinna, Mohd Jamil Sameeha, S Krishnasamy, Ismail Mn, Tilakavati Karupaiah Jan 2014

Obesogenic Television Food Advertising To Children In Malaysia: Sociocultural Variations, See How Ng, Bridget Kelly, Chee H. Se, Karuthan Chinna, Mohd Jamil Sameeha, S Krishnasamy, Ismail Mn, Tilakavati Karupaiah

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Food advertising on television (TV) is well known to influence children’s purchasing requests and models negative food habits in Western countries. Advertising of unhealthy foods is a contributor to the obesogenic environment that is a key driver of rising rates of childhood obesity. Children in developing countries are more at risk of being targeted by such advertising, as there is a huge potential for market growth of unhealthy foods concomitant with poor regulatory infrastructure. Further, in developing countries with multi-ethnic societies, information is scarce on the nature of TV advertising targeting children.

Objectives: To measure exposure and power ...


Sports Participation And Parent-Reported Health-Related Quality Of Life In Children: Longitudinal Associations, Stewart Vella, Dylan Cliff, Christopher Magee, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2014

Sports Participation And Parent-Reported Health-Related Quality Of Life In Children: Longitudinal Associations, Stewart Vella, Dylan Cliff, Christopher Magee, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective

To investigate the longitudinal association between sports participation and parent-reported health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children.

Study design

Cohort study that used data drawn from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children in waves 3 (2008) and 4 (2010). Participants were a nationally representative sample of 4042 Australian children ages 8.25 (SD = 0.44) years at baseline and followed-up 24 months later.

Results

After we adjusted for multiple covariates, children who continued to participate in sports between the ages of 8 and 10 years had greater parent-reported HRQOL at age 10 (Eta2 = .02) compared with children who ...


Reliability And Validity Of A Short Ffq For Assessing The Dietary Habits Of 2-5-Year-Old Children, Sydney, Australia, Victoria Flood, Li Ming Wen, Louise Hardy, Chris Rissel, J Simpson, Louise Baur Jan 2014

Reliability And Validity Of A Short Ffq For Assessing The Dietary Habits Of 2-5-Year-Old Children, Sydney, Australia, Victoria Flood, Li Ming Wen, Louise Hardy, Chris Rissel, J Simpson, Louise Baur

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective A simple FFQ which ranks young children's dietary habits is necessary for population-based monitoring and intervention programmes. The aim of the present study was to determine the reliability and validity of a short FFQ to assess the dietary habits of young children aged 2–5 years.

Design Parents completed a seventeen-item FFQ for their children by telephone on two occasions, two weeks apart. Sixty-four parents also completed 3 d food records for their children. The FFQ included daily servings of fruit and vegetables, frequency of eating lean meat, processed meats, take-away food, snack foods (biscuits, cakes, doughnuts, muesli ...


'Treats', 'Sometimes Foods', 'Junk': A Qualitative Study Exploring 'Extra Foods' With Parents Of Young Children, Nicholas A. Petrunoff, Rachel L. Wilkenfeld, Lesley King, Victoria Flood Jan 2014

'Treats', 'Sometimes Foods', 'Junk': A Qualitative Study Exploring 'Extra Foods' With Parents Of Young Children, Nicholas A. Petrunoff, Rachel L. Wilkenfeld, Lesley King, Victoria Flood

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective The present study investigated parents' understanding and approaches to providing energy-dense and nutrient-poor 'extra foods' to pre-school children and explored variation between parents of low and high socio-economic status in relation to these issues. Design We conducted thirteen focus groups. Data were subject to framework analysis. Setting Child-care centres in distinctly socially disadvantaged and socially advantaged areas. Subjects Eighty-eight parents of children aged 3-5 years. Results The three most common terms parents identified to describe foods that are not 'everyday foods' were 'treats', 'sometimes foods' and 'junk'. Parents' perceptions regarding what influences them in providing food to their children ...


Australian Mothers' Notions Of Risk And Uncertainty In Relation To Their Pre-Teen Children, Jan Wright, Christine Halse, Gary Levy, Catherine Hartung Jan 2014

Australian Mothers' Notions Of Risk And Uncertainty In Relation To Their Pre-Teen Children, Jan Wright, Christine Halse, Gary Levy, Catherine Hartung

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In this article we examine the ways discourses of risk manifested and played out within and across two groups of Australian mothers living in two large urban centres in Australia: the first comprised of mothers who had a pre-teen child diagnosed with an eating disorder (n=13); the second of mothers who had a pre-teen child without the symptoms or diagnosis of an eating disorder (n=13). In 2011 and 2012, we conducted in-depth interviews with the mothers in their homes on their ideas about health and their relationships with their children. An analysis of the data collected from these ...


Pace: A Group Randomised Controlled Trial To Increase Children's Break-Time Playground Physical Activity, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony D. Okely, Marijka Batterham, Dylan P. Cliff, Christopher A. Magee Jan 2014

Pace: A Group Randomised Controlled Trial To Increase Children's Break-Time Playground Physical Activity, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony D. Okely, Marijka Batterham, Dylan P. Cliff, Christopher A. Magee

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at Be Active 2014, 15-18 October 2014, Canberra, Australia.


Active Commuting Amongst School Children And Adolescents In A Rural Area Of South Africa, Eva M. Craig Jan 2014

Active Commuting Amongst School Children And Adolescents In A Rural Area Of South Africa, Eva M. Craig

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract of a presentation at the Be Active 2014 Conference, 15-18 Oct, Canberra, Australia.


Sequential Processing In The Equiprobable Auditory Go/Nogo Task: Children Vs. Adults, Robert Barry, Frances De Blasio, Jay P. Borchard Jan 2014

Sequential Processing In The Equiprobable Auditory Go/Nogo Task: Children Vs. Adults, Robert Barry, Frances De Blasio, Jay P. Borchard

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective To compare sequential processing in the unwarned auditory equiprobable Go/NoGo task in children and adults, in the context of a recently developed adult schema. Methods Adult and child samples completed an equiprobable auditory Go/NoGo task while EEG was recorded from 19 channels. Go and NoGo ERPs were decomposed using unrestricted Varimax-rotated PCAs for the groups separately, and in combination. The separate adult and child components were compared using the Congruence Coefficient. Brain sources of each assessed component were examined using eLORETA. Results Corresponding adult/child components were tentatively identified: two N1 subcomponents (N1-1, PN) and P2, followed ...


Advocacy By Parents Of Young Children With Special Needs: Activities, Processes, And Perceived Effectiveness, Amy Conley Wright, Sarah Taylor Jan 2014

Advocacy By Parents Of Young Children With Special Needs: Activities, Processes, And Perceived Effectiveness, Amy Conley Wright, Sarah Taylor

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This article examines parental advocacy for young children with disabilities using a subset of data drawn from a larger exploratory and descriptive study on parental advocacy for children with disabilities from birth to age 18 with a sample of 400 participants. Because this article focuses on parents of children from birth to age 6, only parents (n = 76) meeting this criterion were selected. Data were collected through an online survey, with a snowball sample generated through e-mail lists and social media groups. The survey included questions on demographics, types of advocacy settings, perceived effectiveness of advocacy efforts, and an example ...


The Effects Of Fathers' And Mothers' Reading To Their Children On Language Outcomes Of Children Participating In Early Head Start In The United States, Anna E. Duursma Jan 2014

The Effects Of Fathers' And Mothers' Reading To Their Children On Language Outcomes Of Children Participating In Early Head Start In The United States, Anna E. Duursma

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

It is well known that reading aloud affects children 's language and literacy development. Little is known though, about fathers reading to their children. This study examined paternal and maternal bookreading frequency among 430 low-income families and investigated whether paternal bookreading and maternal bookreading predicted children 's early language and cognitive development and emergent literacy skills. Results demonstrated that mothers read more frequently to their toddlers than fathers but approximately 55% of fathers reported reading at least weekly to their children. Paternal bookreading at 24 and 36 months significantly predicted children's language and cognitive skills at age 36 months ...


Erp Components And Performance In The Equiprobable Go/Nogo Task: Inhibition In Children, Robert Barry, Frances De Blasio Jan 2014

Erp Components And Performance In The Equiprobable Go/Nogo Task: Inhibition In Children, Robert Barry, Frances De Blasio

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 17th World Congress of Psychophysiology (IOP2014) of the International Organization of Psychophysiology (IOP) Hiroshima, Japan, September 23rd to 27th, 2014


Promoting Awareness, Knowledge Of And Compliance With The National Children's Physical Activity Guidelines, Lyn Phillipson, Danika Hall, Anthony D. Okely, Sandra C. Jones, Dylan Cliff, Jeong Kyu Lee, Stewart Vella, M Chapman, Lisa Franco, T Kirk-Downey Jan 2014

Promoting Awareness, Knowledge Of And Compliance With The National Children's Physical Activity Guidelines, Lyn Phillipson, Danika Hall, Anthony D. Okely, Sandra C. Jones, Dylan Cliff, Jeong Kyu Lee, Stewart Vella, M Chapman, Lisa Franco, T Kirk-Downey

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at be active 2014, 15-18 October 2014, National Convention Centre, Australian Capital Territory, Australia


Volumes And Bouts Of Sedentary Behavior And Physical Activity: Associations With Cardiometabolic Health In Obese Children, Dylan P. Cliff, Rachel A. Jones, Tracy L. Burrows, Philip J. Morgan, Clare E. Collins, Louise A. Baur, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2014

Volumes And Bouts Of Sedentary Behavior And Physical Activity: Associations With Cardiometabolic Health In Obese Children, Dylan P. Cliff, Rachel A. Jones, Tracy L. Burrows, Philip J. Morgan, Clare E. Collins, Louise A. Baur, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: To examine associations of volumes and bouts of sedentary behavior (SED) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with individual and clustered cardio-metabolic outcomes in overweight/obese children. Design and Methods: Cross-sectional data from 120 overweight/obese children (8.3±1.1y, 62% girls, 74% obese) with SED and MVPA assessed using accelerometry. Children were categorised into quartiles of mean bouts.day-1 of SED (10, 20, and 30min) and MVPA (5, 10, and 15min). Associations with triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, glucose, insulin, systolic/diastolic blood pressure, and clustered cardio-metabolic risk (cMet) were examined using linear regression, adjusted for confounders. Results: Independent ...


Effects Of Problem Solving After Worked Example Study On Primary School Children's Monitoring Accuracy, Martine Baars, Tamara Van Gog, Anique De Bruin, Fred Paas Jan 2014

Effects Of Problem Solving After Worked Example Study On Primary School Children's Monitoring Accuracy, Martine Baars, Tamara Van Gog, Anique De Bruin, Fred Paas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Research on expository text has shown that the accuracy of students' judgments of learning (JOLs) can be improved by instructional interventions that allow students to test their knowledge of the text. The present study extends this research, investigating whether allowing students to test the knowledge they acquired from studying a worked example by means of solving an identical problem, either immediately or delayed, would enhance JOL accuracy. Fifth grade children (i) gave an immediate JOL, (ii) a delayed JOL, (iii) solved a problem immediately and then gave a JOL, (iv) solved a problem immediately and gave a delayed JOL, or ...


From Maid To Mother: Transforming Facilities, Staff Training, And Caregiver Dignity In An Institutional Facility For Young Children In Nepal, Amy Conley Wright, Dhirendra Lamsal, Mukunda Ksetree, Aalok Sharma, Kenneth Jaffe Jan 2014

From Maid To Mother: Transforming Facilities, Staff Training, And Caregiver Dignity In An Institutional Facility For Young Children In Nepal, Amy Conley Wright, Dhirendra Lamsal, Mukunda Ksetree, Aalok Sharma, Kenneth Jaffe

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This article provides a case study of a project to improve the health, safety, and development of children birth to 6 years old in a large orphanage in Nepal. Two interventions were conducted: improvement of physical infrastructure and training, mentoring, and support for caregiving staff. As a result of these interventions, positive outcomes in terms of children's health and development have been observed, including reduction of communicable diseases and increased social interactions with caregivers. As part of the new training initiative, the caregivers began to meet regularly to share their ideas and experiences, and came to realize their vital ...


Increasing Specificity Of Correlate Research: Exploring Correlates Of Children's Lunchtime And After-School Physical Activity, Rebecca M. Stanley, Kate Ridley, Timothy Olds, James Dollman Jan 2014

Increasing Specificity Of Correlate Research: Exploring Correlates Of Children's Lunchtime And After-School Physical Activity, Rebecca M. Stanley, Kate Ridley, Timothy Olds, James Dollman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background The lunchtime and after-school contexts are critical windows in a school day for children to be physically active. While numerous studies have investigated correlates of children's habitual physical activity, few have explored correlates of physical activity occurring at lunchtime and after-school from a social-ecological perspective. Exploring correlates that influence physical activity occurring in specific contexts can potentially improve the prediction and understanding of physical activity. Using a context-specific approach, this study investigated correlates of children's lunchtime and after-school physical activity. Methods Cross-sectional data were collected from 423 South Australian children aged 10.0-13.9 years (200 boys ...


Development And Psychometric Properties Of The Y-Pass Questionnaire To Assess Correlates Of Lunchtime And After-School Physical Activity In Children, Rebecca M. Stanley, Kate Ridley, Timothy Olds, James Dollman Jan 2014

Development And Psychometric Properties Of The Y-Pass Questionnaire To Assess Correlates Of Lunchtime And After-School Physical Activity In Children, Rebecca M. Stanley, Kate Ridley, Timothy Olds, James Dollman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background

To frame interventions, it is useful to understand context- and time-specific correlates of children’s physical activity. To do this, we need accurate assessment of these correlates. There are currently no measures that assess correlates at all levels of the social ecological model, contain items that are specifically worded for the lunchtime and/or after-school time periods, and assess correlates that have been conceptualised and defined by children. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of the lunchtime and after-school Youth Physical Activity Survey for Specific Settings (Y-PASS) questionnaires.

Methods

The Y-PASS questionnaire ...


Health And Development Of Children Born After Assisted Reproductive Technology And Sub-Fertility Compared To Naturally Conceived Children: Data From A National Study, Alastair G. Sutcliffe, Edward Melhuish, Jacqueline Barnes, Julian Gardiner Jan 2014

Health And Development Of Children Born After Assisted Reproductive Technology And Sub-Fertility Compared To Naturally Conceived Children: Data From A National Study, Alastair G. Sutcliffe, Edward Melhuish, Jacqueline Barnes, Julian Gardiner

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In a non-matched case-control study using data from two large national cohort studies, we investigated whether indicators of child health and development up to 7 years of age differ between children conceived using assisted reproductive technology (ART), children born after sub-fertility (more than 24 months of trying for conception) and other children. Information on ART use/sub-fertility was available for 23,649 children. There were 227 cases (children conceived through ART) and two control groups: 783 children born to sub-fertile couples, and 22,639 children born to couples with no fertility issues. In models adjusted for social and demographic factors ...