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Articles 1 - 17 of 17

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Interactions Between Genetic And Environmental Factors Determine Direction Of Population Lateralization, Chao Deng Jan 2005

Interactions Between Genetic And Environmental Factors Determine Direction Of Population Lateralization, Chao Deng

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Direction of the embyro's head rotation is determined by asymmetrical expression of several genes (such as shh, nodal, lefty, and fgf8) in hensen's node. this genetically determined head-turning bias provides a base for light-aligned population lateralization in chicks, in which the direction of the lateralization is determined by genetic factors and the degree of the lateralization is determined by environmental factors.


Water Loss As A Function Of Energy Intake, Physical Activity And Season, Klaas R. Westerterp, Guy Plasqui, Annalies H. C Goris Jan 2005

Water Loss As A Function Of Energy Intake, Physical Activity And Season, Klaas R. Westerterp, Guy Plasqui, Annalies H. C Goris

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Although water is an important nutrient, there are no recommended intake values. Here, water intake, energy intake, physical activity and water loss was measured over 1 week in summer and in winter. Subjects were healthy volunteers, forty-two women and ten men, mean age of 29 (sd 7) years and mean BMI 21·8 (sd 2·2) kg/m2. Water intake was measured with a 7 d food and water record. Physical activity level (PAL) was observed as the ratio of total energy expenditure, as measured with doubly labelled water, to resting energy expenditure as measured in a respiration chamber ...


Identifying And Monitoring Changes In Special Educational Needs In The Early Years, Karen Hanna, Edward Melhuish, Louise Quinn, Kathy Sylva, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Pam Sammons, Brenda Taggart Jan 2005

Identifying And Monitoring Changes In Special Educational Needs In The Early Years, Karen Hanna, Edward Melhuish, Louise Quinn, Kathy Sylva, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Pam Sammons, Brenda Taggart

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This longitudinal study assesses the attainment and development of children followed from the age of 3 until the end of Key Stage 1 (age 8). Over 700 children were recruited to the study during 1998 and 1999 from 80 pre-school centres in Northern Ireland. Both qualitative and quantitative methods are used to explore the effects of pre-school experience on children's cognitive attainment and social/behavioural development at entry to school and any continuing effects on such outcomes up to 8 years of age. In addition to the effects of pre-school experience, the study investigates the contribution to children's ...


Situating Master-Planned Estates, Robyn Dowling, Pauline M. Mcguirk Jan 2005

Situating Master-Planned Estates, Robyn Dowling, Pauline M. Mcguirk

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Master-planned estates (MPEs) are proliferating as an urban residential form, particularly in the rapidly expanding urban fringes of Greater Metropolitan Sydney, Melbourne and South East Queensland. As crucibles of urban change, MPEs have the potential to reshape urban residential structures and refashion ways of relating in urban residential neighbourhoods. They thus require more rigorous analysis: as an empirical phenomenon; as a new social formation; and as a manifestation of the privatisation of the public realm. Australian urban researchers have begun to turn their attention toward the MPE. This paper critically engages with these understandings of master-planned estates (MPEs) in the ...


Remembered Landmarks Enhance The Precision Of Path Integration, John W. Philbeck, Shannon O'Leary Jan 2005

Remembered Landmarks Enhance The Precision Of Path Integration, John W. Philbeck, Shannon O'Leary

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

When navigating by path integration, knowledge of one’s position becomes increasingly uncertain as one walks from a known location. This uncertainty decreases if one perceives a known landmark location nearby. We hypothesized that remembering landmarks might serve a similar purpose for path integration as directly perceiving them. If this is true, walking near a remembered landmark location should enhance response consistency in path integration tasks. To test this, we asked participants to view a target and then attempt to walk to it without vision. Some participants saw the target plus a landmark during the preview. Compared with no-landmark trials ...


Another Road To Safety: Program Replication Guide, Amy Conley Wright Jan 2005

Another Road To Safety: Program Replication Guide, Amy Conley Wright

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The "Another Road to Safety" Program (ARS) offers another type of intervention for parents who have maltreated their children and another chance for families to remain together. For the past two years, Alameda County public and community based agencies have come together to provide early intervention services to prevent the reoccurrence of child maltreatment. ARS uses a differential response intervention model that separates parents reported to the child maltreatment hotline into four levels of risk for child safety and risk of future maltreatment: low, moderate, high, and very high. Clients are then referred to services based on their risk level ...


Pre-School Experience And Literacy And Numeracy Development At The End Of Key Stage 1, Louise Quinn, Edward Melhuish, Karen Hanna, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Pam Sammons, Brenda Taggart, Aidan Doyle Jan 2005

Pre-School Experience And Literacy And Numeracy Development At The End Of Key Stage 1, Louise Quinn, Edward Melhuish, Karen Hanna, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Pam Sammons, Brenda Taggart, Aidan Doyle

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This longitudinal study assesses the attainment and development of children followed from the age of 3 until the end of Key Stage 1 (age 8). Over 700 children were recruited to the study during 1998 and 1999 from 80 pre-school centres in Northern Ireland. Both qualitative and quantitative methods are used to explore the effects of pre-school experience on children's cognitive attainment and social/behavioural development at entry to school and any continuing effects on such outcomes up to 8 years of age. In addition to the effects of pre-school experience, the study investigates the contribution to children's ...


Using Questionnaires In Qualitative Human Geography, Pauline M. Mcguirk, Phillip O'Neill Jan 2005

Using Questionnaires In Qualitative Human Geography, Pauline M. Mcguirk, Phillip O'Neill

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This chapter deals with questionnaires, an inlormation-gathering technique used frequently in mixed method research that draws on quantitative and qualitative data sources and analysis. We begin with a discussion of key issues in the design and conduct of questionnaires. We then explore the strengths and weaknesses for qualitative research of various question formats and questionnaire distribution and collection techniques. Finally, we consider some of the challenges of analysing qualitative responses in questionnaires and we close with a discussion of the limitations of using questionnaires in qualitative research.


Model Of Outcomes Of Screening Mammography: Information To Support Informed Choices, Alexandra Barratt, Kirsten Howard, Les Irwig, Glenn P. Salkeld, Nehmat Houssami Jan 2005

Model Of Outcomes Of Screening Mammography: Information To Support Informed Choices, Alexandra Barratt, Kirsten Howard, Les Irwig, Glenn P. Salkeld, Nehmat Houssami

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: To provide easy to use estimates of the benefits and harms of biennial screening mammography for women aged 40, 50, 60, and 70 years. Design: Markov process model, with data from BreastScreen Australia, the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, and the Australian Bureau of Statistics. Main outcome measure: Age specific outcomes expressed per 1000 women over 10 years. Results: For every 1000 women screened over 10 years, 167-251 (depending on age) receive an abnormal result; 56-64 of these women undergo at least one biopsy, 9-26 have an invasive cancer detected by screening, and 3-6 have ductal carcinoma in ...


Using Online Assessment To Inform Teaching And Learning In Primary And Secondary Classrooms, Jim S. Tognolini Jan 2005

Using Online Assessment To Inform Teaching And Learning In Primary And Secondary Classrooms, Jim S. Tognolini

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In the 1980's there was a conscious effort around Australia and in many other countries around the world to shift the focus in assessment from notions of passing and failing to those of monitoring growth; from comparing students against each other to building up an image of what it is that students know and can do at particular stages in their development; and, from collecting marks to summarise performance to providing students and teachers with information from assessment activities that can be used to help diagnose potential weaknesses and strengths and lead to improved learning. The Australian Council for ...


Novel In Vitro Exposure Techniques For Toxicity Testing And Biomonitoring Of Airborne Contaminants, Shahnaz Bakand, Chris Winder, Christian Khalil, Amanda Hayes Jan 2005

Novel In Vitro Exposure Techniques For Toxicity Testing And Biomonitoring Of Airborne Contaminants, Shahnaz Bakand, Chris Winder, Christian Khalil, Amanda Hayes

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Poster presented at the 5th World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences, 21-25 August 2005, Berlin, Germany


Social Work Education In Australia: At The "Crossroads", Peter J. Camilleri Jan 2005

Social Work Education In Australia: At The "Crossroads", Peter J. Camilleri

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The term 'crossroads' is being used in two senses in this paper. The first refers to the Australian Government's recent Review of Higher Education (referred to as 'Crossroads Report') and the impact that the changes will have on the higher education sector and consequently social work education. And secondly, 'crossroads' is being used in the sense that social work education is being restructured by the changes occurring in universities. Social work programs are expected to be more 'entrepreneurial', more research oriented ('publish or perish'), and more efficient in teaching methodology (this has meant emphasis on technology, use of adjunct ...


Monitoring And Evaluation Of The Effective Implementation Of The Foundation Phase (Meeifp) Project Across Wales, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Kathy Sylva, Janet Laugharne, Emmajane Milton, Frances Charles Jan 2005

Monitoring And Evaluation Of The Effective Implementation Of The Foundation Phase (Meeifp) Project Across Wales, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Kathy Sylva, Janet Laugharne, Emmajane Milton, Frances Charles

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The Foundation Phase (FP) is a Welsh Assembly Government, national reform covering the combined 3-5 Early Years and Key Stage 1 provision (children aged between three and seven). In September 2004, the first stage of the pilot commenced in 41 pilot settings across the 22 local authorities in Wales for 3-5 year olds only. The 41 pilot settings will continue in 2005-2006 with Year 1 children (and some Year 2 children where mixed classes are operating) coming on board in the maintained sector and similarly Year 2 in 2006-2007.

The Foundation Phase proposes a continuum of learning for children from ...


Supporting Self-Management Of Diabetes In Aboriginal People Living With Diabetes Through A 5-Day Residential Camp, Caroline Harris, Owen Curtis Jan 2005

Supporting Self-Management Of Diabetes In Aboriginal People Living With Diabetes Through A 5-Day Residential Camp, Caroline Harris, Owen Curtis

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The aim of a 5-Day Diabetes Self-management Residential Camp was to develop, trial and evaluate a culturally appropriate model of disease self-management in a group of Aboriginal people with established diabetes and their partners, focusing on education, diet, exercise, attitudes and beliefs. The camp was effective in providing education, addressing barriers to good control of clinical signs and symptoms, fostering self-management skills, changing lifestyle behaviors and improving diabetes outcomes.


Understanding Sydney As A Global City, Dick Bryan, Pauline M. Mcguirk, Phillip O'Neill, Frank Stilwell Jan 2005

Understanding Sydney As A Global City, Dick Bryan, Pauline M. Mcguirk, Phillip O'Neill, Frank Stilwell

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

There is an ascendant academic argument that key economic processes are increasingly built at the scale of the city and, in turn, that successful urban economies are increasingly detached from their traditional hinterlands. Cities, in this city-centric global economy, are argued to be immersed in and driven by globalised networks and connections. The process of a city becoming global, then, means that traditional territorial networks and linkages are variously dislodged, transformed and abandoned. While this argument is intuitively persuasive, it has tended to be underpinned by generalised analyses that are thin on their treatment of change drivers and on the ...


Basing Economy On Materiality: An Analysis Of Sydney's Freight Flows, Phillip O'Neill, Pauline M. Mcguirk, Frank Stilwell, Dick Bryan Jan 2005

Basing Economy On Materiality: An Analysis Of Sydney's Freight Flows, Phillip O'Neill, Pauline M. Mcguirk, Frank Stilwell, Dick Bryan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This paper is part of a systematic examination by the authors of Sydney's changing political economy within its largely self-imposed globalisation agenda. This part seeks to unravel the changing nature of Sydney's material connections across the Sydney basin economy and with other places. The analysis is based on novel uses of GIS-based software and its application to freight flow data. There are employed to describe and delineate the composition, intensity and direction of materials flows arising from the functioning of the Sydney economy. Two questions are explored. First, we seek to expose the global city metaphor as narrowly ...


What Makes A Good Gp? An Empirical Perspective On Virtue In General Practice, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer Jan 2005

What Makes A Good Gp? An Empirical Perspective On Virtue In General Practice, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This paper takes a virtuist approach to medical ethics to explore, from an empirical angle, ideas about settled ways of living a good life. Qualitative research methods were used to analyse the ways in which a group of 15 general practitioners (GPs) articulated notions of good doctoring and the virtues in their work. I argue that the GPs, whose talk is analysed here, defined good general practice in terms of the ideals of accessibility, comprehensiveness, and continuity. They regarded these ideals significant both for the way they dealt with morally problematic situations and for how they conducted their professional lives ...