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Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Australian

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Whole Grain Intake Of Australians Estimated From A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of Dietary Intake Data From The 2011-13 Australian Health Survey, Leanne M. Galea, Eleanor J. Beck, Yasmine Probst, Chris Cashman Jan 2017

Whole Grain Intake Of Australians Estimated From A Cross-Sectional Analysis Of Dietary Intake Data From The 2011-13 Australian Health Survey, Leanne M. Galea, Eleanor J. Beck, Yasmine Probst, Chris Cashman

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Objective: The Australian Dietary Guidelines recommend Australians choose mostly whole-grain and/or high-fibre varieties within the grains (cereal) foods category, with other groups specifying a whole grain Daily Target Intake of 48 g for Australians aged 9 years or above. The USA and UK report estimates of whole grain intake that are low and declining, and no comprehensive studies on whole grain intake in the Australian population are available. The present study aimed to determine national estimates of whole grain intake, compared with current recommendations. Design: A recently updated whole grain database was applied to the most current population dietary ...


The Major Types Of Added Sugars And Non-Nutritive Sweeteners In A Sample Of Australian Packaged Foods, Yasmine Probst, Alexis Dengate, Jennifer Jacobs, Jimmy Chun Yu Louie, Elizabeth K. Dunford Jan 2017

The Major Types Of Added Sugars And Non-Nutritive Sweeteners In A Sample Of Australian Packaged Foods, Yasmine Probst, Alexis Dengate, Jennifer Jacobs, Jimmy Chun Yu Louie, Elizabeth K. Dunford

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Limiting the intake of added sugars in the diet remains a key focus of global dietary recommendations. To date there has been no systematic monitoring of the major types of added sugars used in the Australian food supply. The present study aimed to identify the most common added sugars and non-nutritive sweeteners in the Australian packaged food supply. Secondary analysis of data from the Australian FoodSwitch database was undertaken. Forty-six added sugars and eight non-nutritive sweetener types were extracted from the ingredient lists of 5744 foods across seventeen food categories. Australia. Not applicable. Added sugar ingredients were found in 61 ...


The Development Of Professional Practice Standards For Australian General Practice Nurses, Elizabeth J. Halcomb, Moira Stephens, Julianne Bryce, Elizabeth Foley, Christine Ashley Jan 2017

The Development Of Professional Practice Standards For Australian General Practice Nurses, Elizabeth J. Halcomb, Moira Stephens, Julianne Bryce, Elizabeth Foley, Christine Ashley

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Aims The aim of this study was to explore the current role of general practice nurses and the scope of nursing practice to inform the development of national professional practice standards for Australian general practice nurses.

Background Increasing numbers of nurses have been employed in Australian general practice to meet the growing demand for primary care services. This has brought significant changes to the nursing role. Competency standards for nurses working in general practice were first developed in Australia in 2005, but limited attention has been placed on articulating the contemporary scope of practice for nurses in this setting.

Design ...


Australian Women's Experiences Of The Subdermal Contraceptive Implant: A Qualitative Perspective, Kumiyo Inoue, Marguerite Kelly, Alexandra Barratt, Deborah Bateson, Alison Rutherford, Kirsten I. Black, Mary Stewart, Juliet Richters Jan 2016

Australian Women's Experiences Of The Subdermal Contraceptive Implant: A Qualitative Perspective, Kumiyo Inoue, Marguerite Kelly, Alexandra Barratt, Deborah Bateson, Alison Rutherford, Kirsten I. Black, Mary Stewart, Juliet Richters

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Background The number of prescriptions for contraceptive implants has steadily increased in Australia, but implant use is still low. Objectives The objectives of the study were to describe women's nuanced responses, and characterise their multidimensional and complex reasons for (dis)continuing use of the contraceptive implant. Method A descriptive qualitative approach was used for this study. A larger qualitative study using in-depth, open-ended interviews, conducted in New South Wales between 2012 and 2013 with 94 women aged 16-49 years who had used contraception, included 10 interviews containing accounts of implant use. The 10 interviews were analysed thematically in the ...


Evaluating Women's Knowledge Of The Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill In An Australian Rural General Practice Setting, Sharna Kulhavy, Teresa M. Treweek Jan 2016

Evaluating Women's Knowledge Of The Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill In An Australian Rural General Practice Setting, Sharna Kulhavy, Teresa M. Treweek

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Background: In addition to the contraceptive action of the combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP), there are a number of other benefits to its use such as menstrual cycle regulation. However, COCP use is also associated with a higher risk of thromboembolism. Despite the prevalence of COCP use, studies have indicated that overall women have poor knowledge of the COCP.

Aim: To evaluate women's knowledge of the COCP in a rural general practice setting. The extent of knowledge was assessed in several domains including: COCP use and effectiveness, mechanism of action, and the risks and benefits of COCP use.

Methods ...


Food Patterns Of Australian Children Ages 9 To 13 Y In Relation To Ω-3 Long Chain Polyunsaturated Intake, Setyaningrum Rahmawaty, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Marijka Batterham, Karen Charlton, Barbara J. Meyer Jan 2014

Food Patterns Of Australian Children Ages 9 To 13 Y In Relation To Ω-3 Long Chain Polyunsaturated Intake, Setyaningrum Rahmawaty, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Marijka Batterham, Karen Charlton, Barbara J. Meyer

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine food patterns of Australian children ages 9 to 13 y in relation to ω-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (ω-3 LCPUFA) intake.

Methods: Secondary analysis was conducted on nationally representative food data of 1110 Australian children ages 9 to 13 y (525 boys and 585 girls) that was obtained using two 24-h recalls. Principle component factor analysis was used to identify food patterns. Discriminant function analysis was used to identify the relationship between the food patterns and total ω-3 LCPUFA intake.

Results: Four major food patterns emerged for each sex. For boys ...


Patterns Of Genotypic Diversity Suggest A Long History Of Clonality And Population Isolation In The Australian Arid Zone Shrub Acacia Carneorum, Eleanor K. O'Brien, Andrew J. Denham, David J. Ayre Jan 2014

Patterns Of Genotypic Diversity Suggest A Long History Of Clonality And Population Isolation In The Australian Arid Zone Shrub Acacia Carneorum, Eleanor K. O'Brien, Andrew J. Denham, David J. Ayre

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

For plants capable of both sexual and clonal reproduction, the relative frequency of these reproductive modes is influenced by genetic and ecological factors. Acacia carneorum is a threatened shrub from the Australian arid zone that occurs as a set of small, spatially isolated populations. Sexual reproduction appears to be very rare: despite regular flowering, only two populations set seed. It is not known whether this reflects an ancient pattern, or results from rapid land use changes following arrival of Europeans in the region 150 years ago. We assessed genotypic variation throughout the range of A. carneorum using AFLP markers, to ...


Gendered Dimensions Of Aboriginal Australian And California Indian Fire Knowledge Retention And Revival, Christine Eriksen Jan 2013

Gendered Dimensions Of Aboriginal Australian And California Indian Fire Knowledge Retention And Revival, Christine Eriksen

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Fire has played a key role in the land management practices of Aboriginal Australians and Native Americans for millennia. However, colonial interests have disrupted indigenous use of fire in multiple ways. This article summarises how gender is entwined—spatially and temporally— in the adaptive knowledge trajectories through which some Aboriginal Australian and California Indian fire knowledge is retained and revived. The article draws on oral narratives shared by indigenous elders, cultural practitioners, and land stewards during prescribed burns, fire knowledge workshops, field trips with students, informal conversations and audio-recorded interviews.


Has The Iodine Status, Knowledge And Practices Of Pregnant Australian Women Improved Since Mandatory Bread Fortification?, K Charlton, H Yeatman, E Brock, C Lucas, L Gemming, G Ma Jan 2013

Has The Iodine Status, Knowledge And Practices Of Pregnant Australian Women Improved Since Mandatory Bread Fortification?, K Charlton, H Yeatman, E Brock, C Lucas, L Gemming, G Ma

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Abstract of poster that presented at the 20th International Congress of Nutrition: Granada, Spain, September 15-20, 2013.


Australian General Practitioner Perceptions Of The Detection And Screening Of At-Risk Drinking, And The Role Of The Audit-C: A Qualitative Study, Chun Wah Michael Tam, Nicholas Arnold Zwar, Roslyn Markham Jan 2013

Australian General Practitioner Perceptions Of The Detection And Screening Of At-Risk Drinking, And The Role Of The Audit-C: A Qualitative Study, Chun Wah Michael Tam, Nicholas Arnold Zwar, Roslyn Markham

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Background: At-risk drinking is common in Australia. Validated screening tools such as the AUDIT-C have been promoted to general practitioners (GPs), but appear rarely used and detection of at-risk drinking in primary care remains low. We sought to describe Australian GP perceptions of the detection and screening of at-risk drinking; to understand their low uptake of alcohol screening questionnaires, and in particular, their attitude to the adoption of the AUDIT-C. Methods. Semi-structured focus group interviews of four groups of GPs and GP trainees were conducted in metropolitan Sydney between August and October 2011. Audio recordings were transcribed and analysed using ...


Longitudinal Nasopharyngeal Carriage And Antibiotic Resistance Of Respiratory Bacteria In Indigenous Australian And Alaska Native Children With Bronchiectasis, Kim M. Hare, Rosalyn J. Singleton, Keith Grimwood, Patricia C. Valery, Allen C. Cheng, Peter S. Morris, Amanda J. Leach, Heidi Smith-Vaughan, Mark Chatfield, Greg Redding, Alisa L. Reasonover, Gabrielle B. Mccallum, Lori Chikoyak, Malcolm I. Mcdonald, Ngiare Brown, Paul J. Torzillo, Anne B. Chang Jan 2013

Longitudinal Nasopharyngeal Carriage And Antibiotic Resistance Of Respiratory Bacteria In Indigenous Australian And Alaska Native Children With Bronchiectasis, Kim M. Hare, Rosalyn J. Singleton, Keith Grimwood, Patricia C. Valery, Allen C. Cheng, Peter S. Morris, Amanda J. Leach, Heidi Smith-Vaughan, Mark Chatfield, Greg Redding, Alisa L. Reasonover, Gabrielle B. Mccallum, Lori Chikoyak, Malcolm I. Mcdonald, Ngiare Brown, Paul J. Torzillo, Anne B. Chang

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Background Indigenous children in Australia and Alaska have very high rates of chronic suppurative lung disease (CSLD)/bronchiectasis. Antibiotics, including frequent or long-term azithromycin in Australia and short-term beta-lactam therapy in both countries, are often prescribed to treat these patients. In the Bronchiectasis Observational Study we examined over several years the nasopharyngeal carriage and antibiotic resistance of respiratory bacteria in these two PCV7-vaccinated populations. Methods Indigenous children aged 0.5-8.9 years with CSLD/bronchiectasis from remote Australia (n = 79) and Alaska (n = 41) were enrolled in a prospective cohort study during 2004-8. At scheduled study visits until 2010 antibiotic ...


How Well Do Australian Shoppers Understand Energy Terms On Food Labels?, Wendy L. Watson, Kathy Chapman, Lesley King, Bridget Kelly, Clare Hughes, Jimmy Chun Yu Louie, Jennifer Crawford, Timothy P. Gill Jan 2013

How Well Do Australian Shoppers Understand Energy Terms On Food Labels?, Wendy L. Watson, Kathy Chapman, Lesley King, Bridget Kelly, Clare Hughes, Jimmy Chun Yu Louie, Jennifer Crawford, Timothy P. Gill

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Objective To investigate nutrition literacy among adult grocery buyers regarding energy-related labelling terms on food packaging. Design Qualitative interviews and quantitative surveys to determine shoppers' understanding of energy terms ('energy', 'calories' and 'kilojoules') and how energy terms affect perceptions of healthiness and intentions to purchase breakfast cereals, muesli bars and frozen meals. Setting Individual in-depth interviews and surveys in two metropolitan supermarkets, Sydney, Australia. Subjects Australian adults (interview n 40, survey n 405) aged 18-79 years. Results The relationship between energy and perceived healthiness of food varied by product type: higher energy breakfast cereals were perceived to be healthier, while ...


Improvement In Iodine Status Of Pregnant Australian Women 3 Years After Introduction Of A Mandatory Iodine Fortification Programme, Karen E. Charlton, Heather Yeatman, Erin Brock, Catherine Lucas, Luke Gemming, Alison Goodfellow, Gary Ma Jan 2013

Improvement In Iodine Status Of Pregnant Australian Women 3 Years After Introduction Of A Mandatory Iodine Fortification Programme, Karen E. Charlton, Heather Yeatman, Erin Brock, Catherine Lucas, Luke Gemming, Alison Goodfellow, Gary Ma

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Introduction In order to address population-level mild iodine deficiency in Australia, a mandatory iodine fortification programme of salt used in bread was introduced in late 2009.

Methods A before–after study was conducted to assess changes in median urinary iodine concentration (MUIC) measurements, according to supplement use, in convenience samples of pregnant women attending a public antenatal clinic in a regional area of New South Wales, Australia in 2008 (n = 139), 2011 (n = 147) and 2012 (n = 114). Knowledge and practices related to iodine nutrition were investigated in 2012, using self-administered questionnaires.

Results The mild iodine deficiency confirmed pre-fortification (MUIC ...


A Physiological Evaluation Of Shelters That Might Sustain Life During An Australian Bushfire, Benjamin J. Haberley, David J. R Hoyle, Nigel A.S Taylor Jan 2013

A Physiological Evaluation Of Shelters That Might Sustain Life During An Australian Bushfire, Benjamin J. Haberley, David J. R Hoyle, Nigel A.S Taylor

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

South-Eastern Australia experiences the most frequent and severe bushfires in the world. In 2009, bushfires in Victoria claimed 173 lives and cost more than $4 billion in structural damage. As a consequence, the establishment of building standards that might govern the construction of bushfire shelters was recommended. Since no relevant standards existed, it was suggested that if these shelters could keep the internal conditions to a maximal mean Modified Discomfort Index (MDI) of 39o for 60 min, then they could restrain the rise in core temperature to no more than 2oC. The current investigators were invited to test this hypothesis ...


Hydration Status Of Underground Miners In A Temperate Australian Region, Benjamin G. Polkinghorne, Vinodkumar Gopaldasani, Susan Furber, Brian Davies, Victoria M. Flood Jan 2013

Hydration Status Of Underground Miners In A Temperate Australian Region, Benjamin G. Polkinghorne, Vinodkumar Gopaldasani, Susan Furber, Brian Davies, Victoria M. Flood

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Background Dehydration is a health risk for miners in tropical regions of Australia. However, it is not known whether dehydration poses a health risk to miners working in temperate regions of Australia. Methods A cross-sectional study of 88 miners from two underground mines was undertaken in south-eastern New South Wales, Australia. Participants had their height, weight, waist circumference and hydration status measured and completed a self-administered questionnaire on fluid intake, access to water, and socio-demographic characteristics. Health and Safety managers were surveyed about guidelines relating to healthy work and lifestyle behaviours which impact/influence hydration. Results Hydration tests indicated that ...


The Significance And Vulnerability Of Australian Saltmarshes: Implications For Management In A Changing Climate, Neil Saintilan, Kerrylee Rogers Jan 2013

The Significance And Vulnerability Of Australian Saltmarshes: Implications For Management In A Changing Climate, Neil Saintilan, Kerrylee Rogers

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

We review the distribution, status and ecology of Australian saltmarshes and the mechanisms whereby enhanced atmospheric carbon dioxide and associated climate change have influenced and will influence the provision of ecosystem goods and services. Research in temperate and subtropical saltmarsh has demonstrated important trophic contributions to estuarine fisheries, mediated by the synchronised mass-spawning of crabs, which feed predominantly on the C-4 saltmarsh grass Sporobolus virginicus and microphytobenthos. Saltmarshes also provide unique feeding and habitat opportunities for several species of threatened microbats and birds, including migratory shorebirds. Saltmarshes increased in extent relative to mangrove in Australia in both tide- and wave-dominated ...


Soil Formation Rates Determined From Uranium-Series Isotope Disequilibria In Soil Profiles From The Southeastern Australian Highlands, P O. Suresh, A Dosseto, P P. Hesse, H K. Handley Jan 2013

Soil Formation Rates Determined From Uranium-Series Isotope Disequilibria In Soil Profiles From The Southeastern Australian Highlands, P O. Suresh, A Dosseto, P P. Hesse, H K. Handley

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

The sustainability of soil resources is determined by the balance between the rates of production and removal of soils. Samples from four weathering profiles at Frogs Hollow in the upper catchment area of the Murrumbidgee River (southeastern Australia) were analyzed for their uranium-series (U-series) isotopic composition to estimate soil production rates. Sequential leaching was conducted on sample aliquots to assess how U-series nuclides are distributed between primary and secondary minerals. Soil is increasingly weathered from bottom to top which is evident from the decrease in (234U/238U) ratios and increase in relative quartz content with decreasing soil depth. One soil ...


Allochthonous And Autochthonous Contributions To Carbon Accumulation And Carbon Store In Southeastern Australian Coastal Wetlands, N Saintilan, K Rogers, D Mazumder, C Woodroffe Jan 2013

Allochthonous And Autochthonous Contributions To Carbon Accumulation And Carbon Store In Southeastern Australian Coastal Wetlands, N Saintilan, K Rogers, D Mazumder, C Woodroffe

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Estimates of carbon store and carbon accumulation rate in mangrove and saltmarsh are beset by issues of scale and provenance. Estimates at a site do not allow scaling to regional estimates if the drivers of variability are not known. Also, carbon accumulation within soils provides a net offset only if carbon is derived in-situ, or would not otherwise be sequestered. We use a network of observation sites extending across 2000 km of southeastern Australian coastline to determine the influence of geomorphic setting and coastal wetland vegetation type on rates of carbon accumulation, carbon store and probable sources. Carbon accumulation above ...


Sedimentation, Elevation And Marsh Evolution In A Southeastern Australian Estuary During Changing Climatic Conditions, Kerrylee Rogers, Neil Saintilan, Alice J. Howe, José F. Rodríguez Jan 2013

Sedimentation, Elevation And Marsh Evolution In A Southeastern Australian Estuary During Changing Climatic Conditions, Kerrylee Rogers, Neil Saintilan, Alice J. Howe, José F. Rodríguez

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Mangrove and salt marsh vertical accretion and surface elevation change was measured at Kooragang Island within the Ramsar-listed Lower Hunter estuarine wetlands in New South Wales, Australia, using surface elevation tables and marker horizons over a ten-year period. We surveyed mangrove, salt marsh and a zone of mangrove encroachment into salt marsh. The period of analysis was dominated by El Niño (drought) climatic conditions, though included a series of east coast low pressure systems and associated storms over the central coast of NSW in June 2007. The storms may have initially caused scouring of sediments in the mangrove zone, followed ...


Post-Glacial Sea-Level Changes Around The Australian Margin: A Review, Stephen E. Lewis, Craig R. Sloss, Colin V. Murray-Wallace, Colin D. Woodroffe, Scott G. Smithers Jan 2013

Post-Glacial Sea-Level Changes Around The Australian Margin: A Review, Stephen E. Lewis, Craig R. Sloss, Colin V. Murray-Wallace, Colin D. Woodroffe, Scott G. Smithers

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

It has been known since Rhodes Fairbridge's first attempt to establish a global pattern of Holocene sea-level change by combining evidence from Western Australia and from sites in the northern hemisphere that the details of sea-level history since the Last Glacial Maximum vary considerably across the globe. The Australian region is relatively stable tectonically and is situated in the 'far-field' of former ice sheets. It therefore preserves important records of post-glacial sea levels that are less complicated by neotectonics or glacio-isostatic adjustments. Accordingly, the relative sea-level record of this region is dominantly one of glacio-eustatic (ice equivalent) sea-level changes ...


Food Groups And Fatty Acids Associated With Self-Reported Depression: An Analysis From The Australian National Nutrition And Health Surveys, Barbara J. Meyer, Nithin Kolanu, David A. Griffiths, Ben Grounds, Peter R. C Howe, Irene A. Kreis Jan 2013

Food Groups And Fatty Acids Associated With Self-Reported Depression: An Analysis From The Australian National Nutrition And Health Surveys, Barbara J. Meyer, Nithin Kolanu, David A. Griffiths, Ben Grounds, Peter R. C Howe, Irene A. Kreis

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Objective The aim of this study was to explore the associations between incidence of depression and dietary intakes of foods and fatty acids in adult Australians. Methods Data from the 1995 Australian National Nutrition Survey (NNS), the 1995 Australian National Health Survey (NHS) and an updated fatty acid database were merged and the 24-h fatty acid intakes were calculated for the 10 986 adult participants ages 18 to 79 y in the 1995 NNS. The merged data set was used to run a logistic regression with depression as the response variable and the food groups and calculated fatty acid values ...


Chaperones For Pap Smears: Do Australian Gps Offer Or Use Them?, Lucie Stanford, Andrew Bonney, Rowena Ivers Jan 2013

Chaperones For Pap Smears: Do Australian Gps Offer Or Use Them?, Lucie Stanford, Andrew Bonney, Rowena Ivers

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

No abstract provided.


Energy In-Equivalence In Australian Marsupials: Evidence For Disruption Of The Continent's Mammal Assemblage, Or Are Rules Meant To Be Broken?, Adam J. Munn, Craig Dunne, Dennis W.H Muller, Marcus Clauss Jan 2013

Energy In-Equivalence In Australian Marsupials: Evidence For Disruption Of The Continent's Mammal Assemblage, Or Are Rules Meant To Be Broken?, Adam J. Munn, Craig Dunne, Dennis W.H Muller, Marcus Clauss

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

The energy equivalence rule (EER) is a macroecological hypothesis that posits that total population energy use (PEU) should be independent of species body mass, because population densities and energy metabolisms scale with body mass in a directly inverse manner. However, evidence supporting the EER is equivocal, and the use of basal metabolic rate (BMR) in such studies has been questioned; ecologically-relevant indices like field metabolic rate (FMR) are probably more appropriate. In this regard, Australian marsupials present a novel test for the EER because, unlike eutherians, marsupial BMRs and FMRs scale differently with body mass. Based on either FMR or ...


Dietary Intake And Food Sources Of Epa, Dpa And Dha In Australian Children, Setyaningrum Rahmawaty, Karen Charlton, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Barbara J. Meyer Jan 2013

Dietary Intake And Food Sources Of Epa, Dpa And Dha In Australian Children, Setyaningrum Rahmawaty, Karen Charlton, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Barbara J. Meyer

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Secondary analysis of the 2007 Australian National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity survey was undertaken to assess the intake and food sources of EPA, DPA and DHA (excluding supplements) in 4,487 children aged 2-16 years. An average of two 24-h dietary recalls was analysed for each child and food sources of EPA, DPA and DHA were assessed using the Australian nutrient composition database called AUSNUT 2007. Median (inter quartile range, IQR) for EPA, DPA and DHA intakes (mg/day) for 2-3, 4-8, 9-13, 14-16 year were: EPA 5.3 (1.5-14), 6.7 (1.8-18), 8.7 (2 ...


Access To Same Day, Next Day And After-Hours Appointments: The Views Of Australian General Practitioners, Mark Fort Harris, Patrick Davies, Mahnaz Fanaian, Nicholas Zwar, Siaw-Teng Liaw Jan 2012

Access To Same Day, Next Day And After-Hours Appointments: The Views Of Australian General Practitioners, Mark Fort Harris, Patrick Davies, Mahnaz Fanaian, Nicholas Zwar, Siaw-Teng Liaw

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Objective. To evaluate factors associated with the availability of same or next day appointments and after-hours access reported by Australian general practitioners (GPs). Methods. Secondary analysis of a survey of primary care practitioners conducted by the Commonwealth Fund in 2009 in 11 countries. Analysis of factors likely to be associated with reported availability of same or next day appointments and after-hours access. Findings. Of 1016 Australian GPs, 78.8% reported that most patients in their practice had access to an appointment on the same or next day and 50% that their practice had arrangements for after-hours access. Access to same ...


Fire Regimes And Carbon In Australian Vegetation, Richard J. Williams, Ross A. Bradstock, Damian Barrett, Jason Beringer, Mathias M. Boer, Geoffrey J. Cary, Garry D. Cook, A Malcolm Gill, Lindsay B. Hutley, Heather Keith, Stefan W. Maier, Cp (Mick) Meyer, Owen Price, Stephen H. Roxburgh, Jeremy Russell-Smith Jan 2012

Fire Regimes And Carbon In Australian Vegetation, Richard J. Williams, Ross A. Bradstock, Damian Barrett, Jason Beringer, Mathias M. Boer, Geoffrey J. Cary, Garry D. Cook, A Malcolm Gill, Lindsay B. Hutley, Heather Keith, Stefan W. Maier, Cp (Mick) Meyer, Owen Price, Stephen H. Roxburgh, Jeremy Russell-Smith

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Fires regularly affect many of the world's terrestrial ecosystems, and, as a result, fires mediate the exchange of greenhouse gases (GHG) between the land and the atmosphere at a global scale and affect the capacity of terrestrial ecosystems to store carbon (Bowman et al. 2009). Variations in fire -regimes can therefore potentially affect the global, regional and local carbon balance and, potentially, climate change itself (Bonan 2008). Here we examine how variation in fire regimes (Gill 1975; Bradstock et al. 2002) will potentially affect carbon in fire-prone Australian ecosystems via interactions with the stocks and transfers of carbon that ...


Nutritional Quality Of Australian Breakfast Cereals - Are They Improving?, Elizabeth K. Dunford, Jimmy Chun Yu Louie, Karen Z. Walker, Timothy P. Gill Jan 2012

Nutritional Quality Of Australian Breakfast Cereals - Are They Improving?, Elizabeth K. Dunford, Jimmy Chun Yu Louie, Karen Z. Walker, Timothy P. Gill

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Abstract of paper that presented at The 16th International Congress of Dietetics, 5-8 Sep, 2012, Sydney.


Consumer Understandings And Attitudes Towards Local Food: An Exploration Of Australian Consumers' Perspectives, Ellena Rebbeck, Deanne Condon-Paoloni, Heather Yeatman Jan 2012

Consumer Understandings And Attitudes Towards Local Food: An Exploration Of Australian Consumers' Perspectives, Ellena Rebbeck, Deanne Condon-Paoloni, Heather Yeatman

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Concerns exist about the sustainability of current globalised food systems, and have led to increased interest in alternative food systems. It has been argued that local food will reduce environmental impacts, provide consumer benefits of connection and health, and support local economies.


Comparison Of Assessment Performance Of Rural And Regional Students In A Unique Australian Graduate-Entry Medical Program, David L. Garne, J Bushnell, A Lethbridge, J Douglas Jan 2012

Comparison Of Assessment Performance Of Rural And Regional Students In A Unique Australian Graduate-Entry Medical Program, David L. Garne, J Bushnell, A Lethbridge, J Douglas

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

The Graduate School of Medicine at the University of Wollongong is one of Australia's newest medical schools, with a regional/rural focus and a distributed campus, and students are all expected to spend a significant proportion of their training in a rural setting. Due to the diverse learning environments that students are exposed to, we sought to determine by phase if there was any difference in examination results between groups who were located in rural settings and those in regional settings.


Future Fire Regimes Of Australian Ecosystems: New Perspectives On Enduring Questions Of Management, Ross A. Bradstock, Richard J. Williams, A Malcolm Gill Jan 2012

Future Fire Regimes Of Australian Ecosystems: New Perspectives On Enduring Questions Of Management, Ross A. Bradstock, Richard J. Williams, A Malcolm Gill

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

This book provides a contemporary overview of the state of knowledge of fire as a shaper of biodiversity and ecosystems in Australia, along with insights into the way in which a 'flammable Australia' may fare under future climate change. It comes at the end of a decade (2000 to 2010) of extraordinary fire activity in Australia, matched by heightened public interest in fire and debate about its management. The decade commenced with major fire activity between 2000 and 2002 in the central and north western deserts (Nano et al. 2012, Chapter 9), at scales not seen in decades. In the ...