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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Continuity Of Mammalian Fauna Over The Last 200,000 Y In The Indian Subcontinent, Patrick Roberts, Eric Delson, Preston Miracle, Peter Ditchfield, Richard G. Roberts, Zenobia Jacobs, James Blinkhorn, Russell L. Ciochon, John G. Fleagle, Stephen R. Frost, Christopher C. Gilbert, Greg F. Gunnell, Terry Harrison, Ravi Korisettar, Michael D. Petraglia Oct 2014

Continuity Of Mammalian Fauna Over The Last 200,000 Y In The Indian Subcontinent, Patrick Roberts, Eric Delson, Preston Miracle, Peter Ditchfield, Richard G. Roberts, Zenobia Jacobs, James Blinkhorn, Russell L. Ciochon, John G. Fleagle, Stephen R. Frost, Christopher C. Gilbert, Greg F. Gunnell, Terry Harrison, Ravi Korisettar, Michael D. Petraglia

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Mammalian extinction worldwide during the Late Pleistocene has been a major focus for Quaternary biochronology and paleoecology. These extinctions have been variably attributed to the impacts of climate change and human interference. However, until relatively recently, research has been largely restricted to the Americas, Europe, and Australasia. We present the oldest Middle-Late Pleistocene stratified and numerically dated faunal succession for the Indian subcontinent from the Billasurgam cave complex. Our data demonstrate continuity of 20 of 21 identified mammalian taxa from at least 100,000 y ago to the present, and in some cases up to 200,000 y ago. Comparison ...


Biological Correlates Of Mental Health: Can Oxytocin, Cortisol And Omega-3 Fatty Acids Improve Our Understanding Of Treatment Avoidance, Behavioural Withdrawal And Cognitive Changes Accompanying Depressive Symptoms?, Susan J. Thomas, Theresa A. Larkin, Peter R. Leeson, Coralie J. Wilson, Peter L. Mclennan Jan 2014

Biological Correlates Of Mental Health: Can Oxytocin, Cortisol And Omega-3 Fatty Acids Improve Our Understanding Of Treatment Avoidance, Behavioural Withdrawal And Cognitive Changes Accompanying Depressive Symptoms?, Susan J. Thomas, Theresa A. Larkin, Peter R. Leeson, Coralie J. Wilson, Peter L. Mclennan

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Abstract of a conference presentation.


Enhancing The Secondary-Tertiary Transition In Chemistry Through Formative Assessment And Self-Regulated Learning Environments, Gwen Lawrie, Chantal Bailey, Aaron Micallef, A R. Wright, Timothy Dargaville, Madeleine Schultz, Roy Tasker, Mark Williams, Simon B. Bedford, Glennys A. O'Brien Jan 2014

Enhancing The Secondary-Tertiary Transition In Chemistry Through Formative Assessment And Self-Regulated Learning Environments, Gwen Lawrie, Chantal Bailey, Aaron Micallef, A R. Wright, Timothy Dargaville, Madeleine Schultz, Roy Tasker, Mark Williams, Simon B. Bedford, Glennys A. O'Brien

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

It is desirable to enhance student learning trajectories between their secondary and tertiary studies while simultaneously encouraging them to take responsibility for their learning early in their tertiary studies. Their preparedness for tertiary studies in their discipline can be measured using diagnostic tests and this enables standards-based benchmarking as students progress through their tertiary program. Concept inventories have been used extensively for this purpose. A more desirable goal, however, is to use the outcomes of diagnostic testing to provide students with opportunities to improve their learning through formative feedback and self-regulated learning activities. We aim to design and implement modular ...


The Effect Of Spending Time Outdoors In Daylight On The Psychosocial Well-Being Of Older People And Their Family Carers, Katherine Caldwell, Ritin S. Fernandez, Victoria Traynor Jan 2014

The Effect Of Spending Time Outdoors In Daylight On The Psychosocial Well-Being Of Older People And Their Family Carers, Katherine Caldwell, Ritin S. Fernandez, Victoria Traynor

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Abstract of presentation from the Dementia Collaborative Research Centres' (DCRC) 2014 National Dementia Research Forum, Sydney, 19 September 2014.


Understanding Place As 'Home' And 'Away' Through Practices Of Bird-Watching, Carrie Wilkinson, Gordon R. Waitt, Leah Maree Gibbs Jan 2014

Understanding Place As 'Home' And 'Away' Through Practices Of Bird-Watching, Carrie Wilkinson, Gordon R. Waitt, Leah Maree Gibbs

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Bird-watching is an increasingly popular leisure activity. Previous research has taken for granted the identity of people who watch birds, often categorised by their level of skilled practice as 'dude', 'birder' or 'twitcher'. Feminist geographers encourage us to explore identity work as an outcome of the reciprocal relationships between practices and place. Our feminist approach illustrates that the practices of bird-watching are always much more than categorising birds as species. This paper illustrates how the practices of bird-watching are integral to the making and remaking of sense of place as 'home' and 'away', to sustain identities beyond accepted categories of ...


Using Data From Patient Interactions In Primary Care For Population Level Chronic Disease Surveillance: The Sentinel Practices Data Sourcing (Spds) Project, Abhijeet Ghosh, Karen Charlton, Lisa Girdo, Marijka Batterham Jan 2014

Using Data From Patient Interactions In Primary Care For Population Level Chronic Disease Surveillance: The Sentinel Practices Data Sourcing (Spds) Project, Abhijeet Ghosh, Karen Charlton, Lisa Girdo, Marijka Batterham

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Background Population health planning within a health district requires current information on health profiles of the target population. Information obtained during primary care interactions may provide a valuable surveillance system for chronic disease burden. The Sentinel Practices Data Sourcing project aimed to establish a sentinel site surveillance system to obtain a region-specific estimate of the prevalence of chronic diseases and mental health disorders within the Illawarra-Shoalhaven region of New South Wales, Australia. Methods In September 2013, de-identified information for all patient interactions within the preceding 24 months was extracted and collated using a computerised chronic disease management program that has ...


The Effect Of Insulin Therapy Algorithms On Blood Glucose Levels In Patients Following Cardiac Surgery: A Systematic Review Protocol, Megan Higgs, Ritin Fernandez Jan 2014

The Effect Of Insulin Therapy Algorithms On Blood Glucose Levels In Patients Following Cardiac Surgery: A Systematic Review Protocol, Megan Higgs, Ritin Fernandez

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Review question/objective The objective of this review is to determine the best available evidence related to the effect of insulin therapy algorithms on blood glucose levels in patients in critical care environments following cardiac surgery. More specifically, the review question to be answered is: Among adults within critical care environments who are in the acute postoperative phase (5 days) following cardiac surgery, what is the effect of insulin therapy algorithms for the control of blood glucose levels?


Dietary Patterns And Weight Loss: Which Foods Make Up The Patterns?, Linda Tapsell Jan 2014

Dietary Patterns And Weight Loss: Which Foods Make Up The Patterns?, Linda Tapsell

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Put simply, the target for the dietary management of weight loss is to achieve a consumption of fewer calories relative to energy expenditure [1] , but weight loss needs to be sustained [2]. One way of focusing on this problem is to consider shifts in dietary patterns that feel normal and routine, where a sustained change in dietary pattern supports a sustained change in weight [3].


Life Below The Poverty Line: Lessons From Eating On $2 A Day, Karen Charlton Jan 2014

Life Below The Poverty Line: Lessons From Eating On $2 A Day, Karen Charlton

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Global poverty statistics are staggering - 1.2 billion people live in extreme poverty and about 870 million are undernourished - but even in an affluent country such as Australia, many people struggle to eat well. Earlier this month, over 10,000 Australians, including myself, took up a charity challenge to live on $2 a day. The idea was to experience how impoverished people across the world live.


Experiences Of Adults On Dialysis And Waiting For A Renal Transplant From A Deceased Donor: A Systematic Review Protocol, Tania Burns, Ritin Fernandez Jan 2014

Experiences Of Adults On Dialysis And Waiting For A Renal Transplant From A Deceased Donor: A Systematic Review Protocol, Tania Burns, Ritin Fernandez

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

The objective of this systematic review is to synthesize qualitative evidence relating to experiences of adults with end stage renal failure who are on dialysis and waiting for a renal transplant from a deceased donor.


Characterisation Of An Inlet Pre-Injector Laser-Induced Fluorescence Instrument For The Measurement Of Atmospheric Hydroxyl Radicals, A Novelli, K Hens, C. Tatum Ernest, Dagmar Kubistin, E Regelin, T Elste, C Plass-Dulmer, M Martinez, J Lelieveld, H Harder Jan 2014

Characterisation Of An Inlet Pre-Injector Laser-Induced Fluorescence Instrument For The Measurement Of Atmospheric Hydroxyl Radicals, A Novelli, K Hens, C. Tatum Ernest, Dagmar Kubistin, E Regelin, T Elste, C Plass-Dulmer, M Martinez, J Lelieveld, H Harder

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Atmospheric measurements of hydroxyl radicals (OH) are challenging due to a high reactivity and consequently low concentration. The importance of OH as an atmospheric oxidant has motivated a sustained effort leading to the development of a number of highly sensitive analytical techniques. Recent work has indicated that the laser-induced fluorescence of the OH molecules method based on the fluorescence assay by gas expansion technique (LIF-FAGE) for the measurement of atmospheric OH in some environments may be influenced by artificial OH generated within the instrument, and a chemical method to remove this interference was implemented in a LIF-FAGE system by Mao ...


Unravelling The Complexities Of Nursing Students' Feedback On The Clinical Learning Environment: A Mixed Methods Approach, Yenna Salamonson, Bronwyn Everett, Elizabeth J. Halcomb, Marie Hutchinson, Debra Jackson, Judy Mannix, Kathleen Peters, Roslyn Weaver Jan 2014

Unravelling The Complexities Of Nursing Students' Feedback On The Clinical Learning Environment: A Mixed Methods Approach, Yenna Salamonson, Bronwyn Everett, Elizabeth J. Halcomb, Marie Hutchinson, Debra Jackson, Judy Mannix, Kathleen Peters, Roslyn Weaver

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Background Clinical placement is an essential part of nursing education, and students' experiences on clinical placement can affect the quality of their learning. Understanding nursing students' positive and negative perceptions of clinical placement experience is therefore important. Objectives To describe nursing students' satisfaction with their clinical placement experiences and identify any variations in satisfaction based on demographic characteristics. Design Mixed methods - online survey with qualitative items. Setting Four universities in Australia. Participants Students (n = 213) enrolled in an undergraduate nursing degree. Methods Between 2010 and 2012, students completed online surveys following their clinical placement experiences. The surveys included demographic questions ...


A Decade On And The Hobbit Still Holds Secrets, Richard G. Roberts, Thomas Sutikna Jan 2014

A Decade On And The Hobbit Still Holds Secrets, Richard G. Roberts, Thomas Sutikna

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Ten years ago today in Australia and Indonesia the scientific world was turned on its head. By a very small head, as it happens. We were part of the original joint Australian-Indonesian research team involved in the discovery of human remains, unlike anything seen before, that was announced in the pages of the journal Nature - and broadcast around the world by a frenzied media.


Interdisciplinary Lifestyle Intervention: A Pilot Study Of Effects On Weight Loss, Linda Tapsell, Marijka Batterham, Rebecca Thorne, Joseph Russell, Allison Humphries Jan 2014

Interdisciplinary Lifestyle Intervention: A Pilot Study Of Effects On Weight Loss, Linda Tapsell, Marijka Batterham, Rebecca Thorne, Joseph Russell, Allison Humphries

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Abstract of a presentation that was present at the NSA 2014 Annual Scientific Meeting, 26-28 November, Hobart, Australia.


The Impact Of Fruit Flavonoids From Cherries On Memory And Cognition In Older Adults With Mild To Moderate Dementia, Katherine Caldwell, Karen E. Charlton, Steven Roodenrys, Marijka Batterham, Jan Potter, R Richards, Hannah C. Gilbert, Olivia Morgan Jan 2014

The Impact Of Fruit Flavonoids From Cherries On Memory And Cognition In Older Adults With Mild To Moderate Dementia, Katherine Caldwell, Karen E. Charlton, Steven Roodenrys, Marijka Batterham, Jan Potter, R Richards, Hannah C. Gilbert, Olivia Morgan

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Abstract of a presentation that was present at the NSA 2014 Annual Scientific Meeting, 26-28 November, Hobart, Australia.


Fruit And Vegetable Intake And Body Mass Index In A Large Sample Of Middle Aged Australian Men And Women, Karen E. Charlton, Paul Kowal, Melinda M. Soriano, S Williams, Emily Banks, Kha Vo, Julie Byles Jan 2014

Fruit And Vegetable Intake And Body Mass Index In A Large Sample Of Middle Aged Australian Men And Women, Karen E. Charlton, Paul Kowal, Melinda M. Soriano, S Williams, Emily Banks, Kha Vo, Julie Byles

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Abstract of a presentation that was present at the NSA 2014 Annual Scientific Meeting, 26-28 November, Hobart, Australia.


Fish Intake During Pregnancy And Foetal Neurodevelopment - A Systematic Review Of The Evidence, Phoebe Starling, Karen E. Charlton, Anne-Therese Mcmahon, Catherine Lucas Jan 2014

Fish Intake During Pregnancy And Foetal Neurodevelopment - A Systematic Review Of The Evidence, Phoebe Starling, Karen E. Charlton, Anne-Therese Mcmahon, Catherine Lucas

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Abstract of a presentation that was present at the NSA 2014 Annual Scientific Meeting, 26-28 November, Hobart, Australia.


Poor Knowledge About Gestational Weight Gain Limits Provision Of Counselling By Maternity Care Providers: A Systematic Review, Emma Gorman, Timothy Billington, Catherine Lucas, Yasmine Probst, Karen E. Charlton Jan 2014

Poor Knowledge About Gestational Weight Gain Limits Provision Of Counselling By Maternity Care Providers: A Systematic Review, Emma Gorman, Timothy Billington, Catherine Lucas, Yasmine Probst, Karen E. Charlton

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Abstract of a presentation that was present at the NSA 2014 Annual Scientific Meeting, 26-28 November, Hobart, Australia.


A Review Of Current Practice In Using Balloon Tamponade Technology In The Management Of Postpartum Haemorrhage, Christos Georgiou Jan 2014

A Review Of Current Practice In Using Balloon Tamponade Technology In The Management Of Postpartum Haemorrhage, Christos Georgiou

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

The use of various Balloon tamponade technologies has steadily increased over the last five years in the management of postpartum haemorrhage. New methodologies and applications have been included beyond the original descriptions. Furthermore, novel approaches and mechanisms of action have also been suggested.No comparative trials involving "uterine/fertility sparing" approaches such as Balloon Tamponade Technology have been performed comparing the safety, efficiency and long term effects on endometrial and myometrial functions. However, balloon tamponade technology is rapidly becoming accepted as a preferred second line approach following failed first line uterotonics in many obstetric units.This paper reviews the current ...


Positives In Negative Results: When Finding 'Nothing' Means Something, Natalie Matosin, Martin Engel Jan 2014

Positives In Negative Results: When Finding 'Nothing' Means Something, Natalie Matosin, Martin Engel

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

UNDERSTANDING RESEARCH: What do we actually mean by research and how does it help inform our understanding of things? It's important to publish all results - both positive and negative - if researchers are to avoid repeating old mistakes. But where is the glory in negative results?


Quantifying Rock Fishing Hazards Using Marine And Terrestrial Lidar, David Kennedy, Colin Woodroffe, Shauna Sherker, Adam Weir, Barbara Brighton, Daniel Ierodiaconou Jan 2014

Quantifying Rock Fishing Hazards Using Marine And Terrestrial Lidar, David Kennedy, Colin Woodroffe, Shauna Sherker, Adam Weir, Barbara Brighton, Daniel Ierodiaconou

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Abstract of a poster that was presented at the GEOHAB 2014, Lorne, Australia, 5-9 May.


Abiotic Surrogates For Temperate Rocky Reef Biodiversity: Implications For Marine Protected Areas, Matthew Rees, Alan Jordan, Owen Price, Melinda Coleman, Andrew R. Davis Jan 2014

Abiotic Surrogates For Temperate Rocky Reef Biodiversity: Implications For Marine Protected Areas, Matthew Rees, Alan Jordan, Owen Price, Melinda Coleman, Andrew R. Davis

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Abstract of a paper that was presented at the GEOHAB 2014, Lorne, Australia, 5-9 May.


Geochronological, Morphometric And Geochemical Constraints On The Pampas Onduladas Long Basaltic Flow (Payún Matrú Volcanic Field, Mendoza, Argentina), Venera Espanon, Allan Chivas, David Phillips, Erin L. Matchan, Anthony Dosseto Jan 2014

Geochronological, Morphometric And Geochemical Constraints On The Pampas Onduladas Long Basaltic Flow (Payún Matrú Volcanic Field, Mendoza, Argentina), Venera Espanon, Allan Chivas, David Phillips, Erin L. Matchan, Anthony Dosseto

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

The Pampas Onduladas flow in southern Mendoza, Argentina, is one of the four longest Quaternary basaltic flows on Earth. Such flows (> 100 km) are relatively rare on Earth as they require special conditions in order to travel long distances and there are no recent analogues. Favourable conditions include: a gentle topographic slope, an insulation process to preserve the melt at high temperature, and a large volume of lava with relatively low viscosity. This study investigates the rheological and geochemical characteristics of the ~ 170 km long Pampas Onduladas flow, assessing conditions that facilitated its exceptional length. The study also reports the ...


Borneo And Indochina Are Major Evolutionary Hotspots For Southeast Asian Biodiversity, Mark De Bruyn, Bjorn Stelbrink, Robert J. Morley, Robert Hall, Gary R. Carvalho, Charles H. Cannon, Gerrit D. Van Den Bergh, Erik Meijaard, Ian Metcalfe, Luigi Boitani, Luigi Maiorano, Robert Shoup, Thomas Von Rintelen Jan 2014

Borneo And Indochina Are Major Evolutionary Hotspots For Southeast Asian Biodiversity, Mark De Bruyn, Bjorn Stelbrink, Robert J. Morley, Robert Hall, Gary R. Carvalho, Charles H. Cannon, Gerrit D. Van Den Bergh, Erik Meijaard, Ian Metcalfe, Luigi Boitani, Luigi Maiorano, Robert Shoup, Thomas Von Rintelen

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Tropical Southeast Asia harbors extraordinary species richness and in its entirety comprises four of the Earth's 34 biodiversity hotspots. Here, we examine the assembly of the Southeast Asian biota through time and space. We conduct meta-analyses of geological, climatic and biological (including 61 phylogenetic) datasets to test which areas have been the sources of long-term biological diversity in SE Asia, particularly in the pre-Miocene, Miocene and Plio-Pleistocene, and whether the respective biota have been dominated by in situ diversification, immigration and/or emigration, or equilibrium dynamics. We identify Borneo and Indochina, in particular, as major 'evolutionary hotspots' for a ...


Unimolecular Reaction Chemistry Of A Charge-Tagged Beta-Hydroxyperoxyl Radical, Sui So, Benjamin Kirk, Adam J. Trevitt, Uta Wille, Stephen J. Blanksby, Gabriel Da Silva Jan 2014

Unimolecular Reaction Chemistry Of A Charge-Tagged Beta-Hydroxyperoxyl Radical, Sui So, Benjamin Kirk, Adam J. Trevitt, Uta Wille, Stephen J. Blanksby, Gabriel Da Silva

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

β-Hydroxyperoxyl radicals are formed during atmospheric oxidation of unsaturated volatile organic compounds such as isoprene. They are intermediates in the combustion of alcohols. In these environments the unimolecular isomerization and decomposition of β-hydroxyperoxyl radicals may be of importance, either through chemical or thermal activation. We have used ion-trap mass spectrometry to generate the distonic charge-tagged β-hydroxyalkyl radical anion, ˙CH2C(OH)(CH3)CH2C(O)O−, and investigated its subsequent reaction with O2 in the gas phase under conditions that are devoid of complicating radical-radical reactions. Quantum chemical calculations and master equation/RRKM theory modeling are used to rationalize the results and ...


Identification Of Historical Lead Sources Apportionments In Estuary Sediments From Atmospheric Aerosols/ Nsw/Australia, Yasir M. Alyazichi, Brian Jones, Errol Mclean Jan 2014

Identification Of Historical Lead Sources Apportionments In Estuary Sediments From Atmospheric Aerosols/ Nsw/Australia, Yasir M. Alyazichi, Brian Jones, Errol Mclean

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Abstract of a poster that presented at the IAC2014 conference.


Environmental Assessment Of Benthic Foraminiferal And Pollution In Gunnamatta Bay, Nsw, Australia, Yasir M. Alyazichi, Brian Jones, Errol Mclean Jan 2014

Environmental Assessment Of Benthic Foraminiferal And Pollution In Gunnamatta Bay, Nsw, Australia, Yasir M. Alyazichi, Brian Jones, Errol Mclean

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

We investigated the distribution of trace metals (spatial and temporal) and sedimentary particles in order to identify the relationship between benthic foraminifera and trace metals pollution within Gunnamatta Bay, Port Hacking Estuary, NSW, Australia. Risk assessments of surface sediments were evaluated by using hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA). A total of 59 surface sediment samples and seven subsurface sediment samples were collected, in order to determine the levels of trace metals in spatial and temporal of the bay. Further, six surface sediment samples were examined for existing foraminiferal assemblages in muddy samples, which had high and low concentration of trace metals ...


Is Gastrointestinal Plasticity In King Quail (Coturnix Chinensis) Elicited By Diet-Fibre Or Diet-Energy Dilution?, Sean A. Williamson, Stephanie Kirsten Courtney Jones, Adam Munn Jan 2014

Is Gastrointestinal Plasticity In King Quail (Coturnix Chinensis) Elicited By Diet-Fibre Or Diet-Energy Dilution?, Sean A. Williamson, Stephanie Kirsten Courtney Jones, Adam Munn

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Phenotypic plasticity of organ size allows some animals to manage fluctuations of resource quality or availability. Here, we examined the phenotypic plasticity of the gastrointestinal tract of king quail (Coturnix chinensis) in a diet-fibre manipulation study. Quail were offered either a control low-fibre (high-quality) food (8.5% neutral-detergent fibre; NDF), or one of two experimental diets of higher fibre contents of 16% NDF (i.e. low quality food). To examine whether phenotypic plasticity of organ size was associated with the fibre content per se , or as a consequence of diluting the diet energy contents by adding fibre, one of the ...


A Preliminary Framework For Dna Barcoding, Incorporating The Multispecies Coalescent, Mark Dowton, Kelly A. Meiklejohn, Stephen Cameron, James F. Wallman Jan 2014

A Preliminary Framework For Dna Barcoding, Incorporating The Multispecies Coalescent, Mark Dowton, Kelly A. Meiklejohn, Stephen Cameron, James F. Wallman

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

The capacity to identify an unknown organism using the DNA sequence from a single gene has many applications. These include the development of biodiversity inventories (Janzen et al. 2005), forensics (Meiklejohn et al. 2011), biosecurity (Armstrong and Ball 2005), and the identification of cryptic species (Smith et al. 2006). The popularity and widespread use (Teletchea 2010) of the DNA barcoding approach (Hebert et al. 2003), despite broad misgivings (e.g., Smith 2005; Will et al. 2005; Rubinoff et al. 2006), attest to this. However, one major shortcoming to the standard barcoding approach is that it assumes that gene trees and ...


Evolutionary Dynamics Of The Mitochondrial Genome In The Evaniomorpha (Hymenoptera) - A Group With An Intermediate Rate Of Gene Rearrangement, Meng Mao, Tracey Gibson, Mark Dowton Jan 2014

Evolutionary Dynamics Of The Mitochondrial Genome In The Evaniomorpha (Hymenoptera) - A Group With An Intermediate Rate Of Gene Rearrangement, Meng Mao, Tracey Gibson, Mark Dowton

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

We determined the complete mitochondrial (mt) genomes of three evaniomorph species, Ceraphron sp. (Ceraphronoidea), Gasteruption sp. (Evanioidea), and Orthogonalys pulchella (Trigonalyoidea) as well as the nearly complete mt genome from another evaniomorph species, Megalyra sp. (Megalyroidea). Each of them possesses dramatic gene rearrangements, including protein-coding or rRNA genes. Gene inversions were identified in all of these mt genomes; for example, the two rRNA genes have inverted and moved into the nad2-cox1 junction in the Megalyra sp. mt genome. In addition, we found two copies of a 10-bp complementary repeat at the beginning of rrnS and at the end of trnL2 ...