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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

B Cell-Intrinsic Signaling Through Il-21 Receptor And Stat3 Is Required For Establishing Long-Lived Antibody Responses In Humans, Danielle T. Avery, Elissa K. Deenick, Cindy S. Ma, Santi Suryani, Nicholas Simpson, Gary Y. J Chew, Tyani D. Chan, Umamainthan Palendira, Jacinta Bustamante, Stéphanie Boisson-Dupuis, Sharon Choo, Karl E. Bleasel, Jane Peake, Cecile King, Martyn French, Dan Engelhard, Sami Al-Hajjar, Saleh Al-Muhsen, Klaus Magdorf, Joachim Roesler, Peter D. Arkwright, Pravin Hissaria, D. Sean Riminton, Melanie Wong, Robert Brink, David A. Fulcher, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Matthew C. Cook, Stuart Tangye Jan 2010

B Cell-Intrinsic Signaling Through Il-21 Receptor And Stat3 Is Required For Establishing Long-Lived Antibody Responses In Humans, Danielle T. Avery, Elissa K. Deenick, Cindy S. Ma, Santi Suryani, Nicholas Simpson, Gary Y. J Chew, Tyani D. Chan, Umamainthan Palendira, Jacinta Bustamante, Stéphanie Boisson-Dupuis, Sharon Choo, Karl E. Bleasel, Jane Peake, Cecile King, Martyn French, Dan Engelhard, Sami Al-Hajjar, Saleh Al-Muhsen, Klaus Magdorf, Joachim Roesler, Peter D. Arkwright, Pravin Hissaria, D. Sean Riminton, Melanie Wong, Robert Brink, David A. Fulcher, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Matthew C. Cook, Stuart Tangye

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Engagement of cytokine receptors by specific ligands activate Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signaling pathways. The exact roles of STATs in human lymphocyte behavior remain incompletely defined. Interleukin (IL)-21 activates STAT1 and STAT3 and has emerged as a potent regulator of B cell differentiation. We have studied patients with inactivating mutations in STAT1 or STAT3 to dissect their contribution to B cell function in vivo and in response to IL-21 in vitro. STAT3 mutations dramatically reduced the number of functional, antigen (Ag)-specific memory B cells and abolished the ability of IL-21 to induce naive B ...


National Review Of Food Label Law & Policy - Australia, Heather Yeatman Jan 2010

National Review Of Food Label Law & Policy - Australia, Heather Yeatman

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Australia is the first country in the world to undertake a complete review of food label law and policy. This independent Review Panel is charged with examining current policies, standards and laws relevant to food labelling; the policy drivers impacting on demands for food labelling; and the policies and mechanisms that are needed to ensure that government plays its optimum role. Particular areas of nutrition focus include health claims and front of pack labelling. The genesis of the review was Australian governments' commitment to regulatory reform to create a seamless national economy, reduce the regulatory burden, and maintain or increase ...


Identifying Refugia From Climate Change, Michael B. Ashcroft Jan 2010

Identifying Refugia From Climate Change, Michael B. Ashcroft

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

This article highlights how the loose definition of the term 'refugia' has led to discrepancies in methods used to assess the vulnerability of species to the current trend of rising global temperatures. The term 'refugia' is commonly used without distinguishing between macrorefugia and microrefugia, ex situ refugia and in situ refugia, glacial and interglacial refugia or refugia based on habitat stability and refugia based on climatic stability. It is not always clear which definition is being used, and this makes it difficult to assess the appropriateness of the methods employed. For example, it is crucial to develop accurate fine-scale climate ...


Using Generalised Dissimilarity Models And Many Small Samples To Improve The Efficiency Of Regional And Landscape Scale Invertebrate Sampling, Michael B. Ashcroft, John R. Gollan, Daniel P. Faith, Gareth A. Carter, Scott A. Lassau, Scott G. Ginn, Matthew W. Bulbert, Gerasimos Cassis Jan 2010

Using Generalised Dissimilarity Models And Many Small Samples To Improve The Efficiency Of Regional And Landscape Scale Invertebrate Sampling, Michael B. Ashcroft, John R. Gollan, Daniel P. Faith, Gareth A. Carter, Scott A. Lassau, Scott G. Ginn, Matthew W. Bulbert, Gerasimos Cassis

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

It is rarely cost-effective to survey invertebrates for use in systematic conservation planning activities. The efficiency of sampling methods needs to be improved, and this is especially important at landscape and regional scales. We investigated two methods that could be used to improve regional scale sampling efficiency using a case study of ants, beetles, flies, bugs, spiders and wasps from the semi-arid Pilbara region of Western Australia. First, Generalised Dissimilarity Models (GDMs) were used to divide the region into landscapes with relatively homogeneous communities and environmental conditions. We found that some of these landscapes were large, and a low sampling ...


Imaging Spectroscopy Of Vegetation Photosynthetic Activity, Zbynek Malenovky, Michael E. Schaepman, Alexander Damm, Felix Morsdorf Jan 2010

Imaging Spectroscopy Of Vegetation Photosynthetic Activity, Zbynek Malenovky, Michael E. Schaepman, Alexander Damm, Felix Morsdorf

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Abstract of paper that was presented at the Symposium GIS Ostrava 2010: GIS meets Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry towards Digital World, 24-27 Janurary, VSB - Technical University of Ostrava campus, the New Hall building, Ostrava, Czech Republic.


Implementing Evidence-Based Practice In Taiwanese Nursing Homes Attitudes And Perceived Barriers And Facilitators, Hui Chen Chang, Cherry Russell, Mairwen Jones Jan 2010

Implementing Evidence-Based Practice In Taiwanese Nursing Homes Attitudes And Perceived Barriers And Facilitators, Hui Chen Chang, Cherry Russell, Mairwen Jones

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

To date, there is a paucity of research investigating nurses' perceptions of evidence-based practice (EBP) in nursing homes, especially in non-Western countries. This descriptive, quantitative study investigated attitudes toward and perceived barriers and facilitators to research utilization among 89 Taiwanese RNs. The majority of nurses expressed positive attitudes toward research and EBP. The most frequently cited barriers were related to insufficient authority to change practice, difficulty understanding statistical analyses, and a perceived isolation from knowledgeable colleagues with whom to discuss the research. EBP facilitators included improved access to computers and Internet facilities in the workplace, more effective research training, and ...


Selection Of Integration Time Intervals For Quartz Osl Decay Curves, Alastair C. Cunningham, Jakob Wallinga Jan 2010

Selection Of Integration Time Intervals For Quartz Osl Decay Curves, Alastair C. Cunningham, Jakob Wallinga

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

In quartz optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating protocols, an initial integral of the OSL decay curve is used in the calculation of equivalent dose, once a background integral has been subtracted. Because the OSL signal commonly contains a number of exponentially decaying components, the exact choice of time intervals used for the initial-signal and background integrals determines the composition of the net signal. Here we investigate which combination of time intervals will produce the net signal most dominated by the fast OSL component, while keeping an acceptable level of precision. Using a three-component model of OSL decay, we show that ...


A New Late Devonian Brachiopod Fauna From New South Wales, Anthony J. Wright, Jiaxin Yan Jan 2010

A New Late Devonian Brachiopod Fauna From New South Wales, Anthony J. Wright, Jiaxin Yan

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

No abstract provided.


Membrane Fatty Acid Composition And Longevity Of Mammals And Birds, Anthony J. Hulbert, Magdalene Trzcionka, William A. Buttemer Jan 2010

Membrane Fatty Acid Composition And Longevity Of Mammals And Birds, Anthony J. Hulbert, Magdalene Trzcionka, William A. Buttemer

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

The fatty acid composition of membrane lipids varies systematically among species in a manner that is consistent with their metabolic rate and longevity. Because the susceptibility of fatty acids to peroxidation relates directly to their extent of unsaturation, it is possible to calculate a peroxidation index (PI) for membranes through characterization of their specific fatty acid composition. Long-living mammals and birds have membrane lipids with a lower PI than shorter-living species. Bird and mammal species with the same maximum life span also have membrane lipids with essentially the same PI. Exceptionally long-living mammals and birds usually have membrane lipids high ...


Hydroxyl Radicals In The Tropical Troposphere Over The Suriname Rainforest: Airborne Measurements, M Martinez, H Harder, Dagmar Kubistin, M Rudolf, G Eerdekens, H Fischer, T Klupfel, C Gurk, R Konigstedt, U Parchatka, C L. Schiller, A Stickler, J Williams, J Lelieveld Jan 2010

Hydroxyl Radicals In The Tropical Troposphere Over The Suriname Rainforest: Airborne Measurements, M Martinez, H Harder, Dagmar Kubistin, M Rudolf, G Eerdekens, H Fischer, T Klupfel, C Gurk, R Konigstedt, U Parchatka, C L. Schiller, A Stickler, J Williams, J Lelieveld

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Direct measurements of OH and HO2 over a tropical rainforest were made for the first time during the GABRIEL campaign in October 2005, deploying the custom-built HORUS instrument (HydrOxyl Radical measurement Unit based on fluorescence Spectroscopy), adapted to fly in a Learjet wingpod. Biogenic hydrocarbon emissions were expected to strongly reduce the OH and HO2 mixing ratios as the air is transported from the ocean over the forest. However, surprisingly high mixing ratios of both OH and HO2 were encountered in the boundary layer over the rainforest. The HORUS instrumentation and calibration methods are described in detail and the measurement ...


Hydroxyl Radicals In The Tropical Troposphere Over The Suriname Rainforest: Comparison Of Measurements With The Box Model Mecca, Dagmar Kubistin, H Harder, M Martinez, M Rudolf, R Sander, H Bozem, G Eerdekens, H Fischer, C Gurk, T Klupfel, R Konigstedt, U Parchatka, C L. Schiller, A Stickler, D Taraborrelli, J Williams, J Lelieveld Jan 2010

Hydroxyl Radicals In The Tropical Troposphere Over The Suriname Rainforest: Comparison Of Measurements With The Box Model Mecca, Dagmar Kubistin, H Harder, M Martinez, M Rudolf, R Sander, H Bozem, G Eerdekens, H Fischer, C Gurk, T Klupfel, R Konigstedt, U Parchatka, C L. Schiller, A Stickler, D Taraborrelli, J Williams, J Lelieveld

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

As a major source region of the hydroxyl radical OH, the Tropics largely control the oxidation capacity of the atmosphere on a global scale. However, emissions of hydrocarbons from the tropical rainforest that react rapidly with OH can potentially deplete the amount of OH and thereby reduce the oxidation capacity. The airborne GABRIEL field campaign in equatorial South America (Suriname) in October 2005 investigated the influence of the tropical rainforest on the HOx budget (HOx = OH + HO2). The first observations of OH and HO2 over a tropical rainforest are compared to steady state concentrations calculated with the atmospheric chemistry box ...


Technical Note: Formal Blind Intercomparison Of Ho2 Measurements In The Atmosphere Simulation Chamber Saphir During The Hoxcomp Campaign, H Fuchs, T Brauers, H -P Dorn, H Harder, R Haseler, A Hofzumahaus, F Holland, Yugo Kanaya, Y Kajii, Dagmar Kubistin, S Lou, M Martinez, K Miyamoto, S Nishida, M Rudolf, E Schlosser, A Wahner, A Yoshino, U Schurath Jan 2010

Technical Note: Formal Blind Intercomparison Of Ho2 Measurements In The Atmosphere Simulation Chamber Saphir During The Hoxcomp Campaign, H Fuchs, T Brauers, H -P Dorn, H Harder, R Haseler, A Hofzumahaus, F Holland, Yugo Kanaya, Y Kajii, Dagmar Kubistin, S Lou, M Martinez, K Miyamoto, S Nishida, M Rudolf, E Schlosser, A Wahner, A Yoshino, U Schurath

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Hydroperoxy radical (HO2) concentrations were measured during the formal blind intercomparison campaign HOxComp carried out in Jülich, Germany, in 2005. Three instruments detected HO2 via chemical conversion to hydroxyl radicals (OH) and subsequent detection of the sum of OH and HO2 by laser induced fluorescence (LIF). All instruments were based on the same detection and calibration scheme. Because measurements by a MIESR instrument failed during the campaign, no absolute reference measurement was available, so that the accuracy of individual instruments could not be addressed. Instruments sampled ambient air for three days and were attached to the atmosphere simulation chamber SAPHIR ...


Sensitivity Of The Female Rat To Olanzapine-Induced Weight Gain - Far From The Clinic?, Katrina Weston-Green, Xu-Feng Huang, Chao Deng Jan 2010

Sensitivity Of The Female Rat To Olanzapine-Induced Weight Gain - Far From The Clinic?, Katrina Weston-Green, Xu-Feng Huang, Chao Deng

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Dear Editor, The recent paper by Chintoh and colleagues (2008) reporting olanzapine-induced dysfunction in glucose metabolism, enhanced visceral fat and reduced locomotor activity in female rats was highly interesting as it illustrated olanzapine’s ability to replicate aspects of metabolic dysfunction in the rodent model in a similar manner to the human scenario. However, contrary to previous reports in the rat and the clinic, the authors reported no change in body weight or food intake following olanzapine treatment, questioning the validity of the rat model.................


Morpho Tectonic Units Of The Zagros Orogenic Belt, Ne Iraq: A Modern Analogue For Subduction Accretion Processes, Sarmad A. Ali, Brian Jones, Solomon Buckman, Sabah Ismail, Khalid Aswad Jan 2010

Morpho Tectonic Units Of The Zagros Orogenic Belt, Ne Iraq: A Modern Analogue For Subduction Accretion Processes, Sarmad A. Ali, Brian Jones, Solomon Buckman, Sabah Ismail, Khalid Aswad

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

The Zagros Mountain Belt extends over more than 1800 km through Iraq and southern Iran in front of the Zagros Mountain chain. It forms the boundary between the Iranian Plateau and the Mesopotamian and Gulf basins (Fig. 1). It can be subdivided geomorphologically into: the High Zagros Belt and the Zagros Simply Folded Belt separated by the High Zagros Fault (Berberian and King, 1981; Falcon, 1974; Stockline, 1968). From a tectonic point of view, however, five zones along the length of the Zagros Orogenic Belt can be distinguished (e.g. Stocklin, 1974, 1986; Falcon, 1974; Sten, 1985; Berberian, 1995): the ...


Investigating The Glacial History Of The Northern Sector Of The Cordilleran Ice Sheet With Cosmogenic 10be Concentrations In Quartz, Arjen P. Stroeven, Derek Fabel, Alexandru T. Codilean, Johan Kleman, John J. Clague, Maria Miguens-Rodriguez, Sheng Xu Jan 2010

Investigating The Glacial History Of The Northern Sector Of The Cordilleran Ice Sheet With Cosmogenic 10be Concentrations In Quartz, Arjen P. Stroeven, Derek Fabel, Alexandru T. Codilean, Johan Kleman, John J. Clague, Maria Miguens-Rodriguez, Sheng Xu

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Exposure durations of glacial landforms in widely separated areas of central Yukon Territory affected by the northern sector of the Cordilleran Ice Sheet (CIS) and alpine glaciers have been determined using cosmogenic 10Be in quartz. The aim of our research is to test previous reconstructions of glacial history and to begin to address the paucity of chronological control for the lateral and vertical extent of the northern CIS. Chronological evidence for CIS expansion predating the Last Glacial Maximum comes from minimum surface exposure durations of c 100 ka for two bedrock samples within the Reid glacial limit, indicating a possible ...


Cosmogenic 21ne Analysis Of Individual Detrital Grains: Opportunities And Limitations, Alexandru T. Codilean, Paul Bishop, Trevor B. Hoey, Finlay M. Stuart, Derek Fabel Jan 2010

Cosmogenic 21ne Analysis Of Individual Detrital Grains: Opportunities And Limitations, Alexandru T. Codilean, Paul Bishop, Trevor B. Hoey, Finlay M. Stuart, Derek Fabel

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

We use a numerical model describing cosmogenic nuclide acquisition in sediment moving through the upper Gaub River catchment to evaluate the extent to which aspects of source area geomorphology and geomorphological processes can be inferred from frequency distributions of cosmogenic 21Ne (21Nec) concentrations in individual detrital grains. The numerical model predicts the pathways of sediment grains from their source to the outlet of the catchment and calculates the total 21Nec concentration that each grain acquires along its pathway. The model fully accounts for variations in nuclide production due to changes in latitude, altitude and topographic shielding and allows for spatially ...


Direct Observation Of Enzymes Replicating Dna Using A Single-Molecule Dna Stretching Assay, Arkadiusz W. Kulczyk, Nathan Tanner, Joseph J. Loparo, Charles C. Richardson, Antoine M. Van Oijen Jan 2010

Direct Observation Of Enzymes Replicating Dna Using A Single-Molecule Dna Stretching Assay, Arkadiusz W. Kulczyk, Nathan Tanner, Joseph J. Loparo, Charles C. Richardson, Antoine M. Van Oijen

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

We describe a method for observing real time replication of individual DNA molecules mediated by proteins of the bacteriophage replication system. Linearized λ DNA is modified to have a biotin on the end of one strand, and a digoxigenin moiety on the other end of the same strand. The biotinylated end is attached to a functionalized glass coverslip and the digoxigeninated end to a small bead. The assembly of these DNA-bead tethers on the surface of a flow cell allows a laminar flow to be applied to exert a drag force on the bead. As a result, the DNA is ...


Clasp Promotes Microtubule Rescue By Recruiting Tubulin Dimers To The Microtubule, Jawdat Al-Bassam, Hwajin Kim, Gary Brouhard, Antoine M. Van Oijen, Stephen C. Harrison, Fred Chang Jan 2010

Clasp Promotes Microtubule Rescue By Recruiting Tubulin Dimers To The Microtubule, Jawdat Al-Bassam, Hwajin Kim, Gary Brouhard, Antoine M. Van Oijen, Stephen C. Harrison, Fred Chang

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Spatial regulation of microtubule (MT) dynamics contributes to cell polarity and cell division. MT rescue, in which a MT stops shrinking and reinitiates growth, is the least understood aspect of MT dynamics. Cytoplasmic Linker Associated Proteins (CLASPs) are a conserved class of MT-associated proteins that contribute to MT stabilization and rescue in vivo. We show here that the Schizosaccharomyces pombe CLASP, Cls1p, is a homodimer that binds an αβ-tubulin heterodimer through conserved TOG-like domains. In vitro, CLASP increases MT rescue frequency, decreases MT catastrophe frequency, and moderately decreases MT disassembly rate. CLASP binds stably to the MT lattice, recruits tubulin ...


Single-Molecule Binding Experiments On Long Time Scales, Mark P. Elenko, Jack W. Szostak, Antoine M. Van Oijen Jan 2010

Single-Molecule Binding Experiments On Long Time Scales, Mark P. Elenko, Jack W. Szostak, Antoine M. Van Oijen

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

We describe an approach for performing single-molecule binding experiments on time scales from hours to days, allowing for the observation of slower kinetics than have been previously investigated by single-molecule techniques. Total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy is used to image the binding of labeled ligand to molecules specifically coupled to the surface of an optically transparent flow cell. Long-duration experiments are enabled by ensuring sufficient positional, chemical, thermal, and imagestability. Principal components of this experimental stability include illumination timing, solution replacement, and chemical treatment of solution to reduce photodamage and photobleaching; and autofocusing to correct for spatial drift.


Analysis Of Kinetic Intermediates In Single-Particle Dwell-Time Distributions, Daniel L. Floyd, Stephen C. Harrison, Antoine M. Van Oijen Jan 2010

Analysis Of Kinetic Intermediates In Single-Particle Dwell-Time Distributions, Daniel L. Floyd, Stephen C. Harrison, Antoine M. Van Oijen

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Many biological and chemical processes proceed through one or more intermediate steps. Statistical analysis of dwell-time distributions from single molecule trajectories enables the study of intermediate steps that are not directly observable. Here, we discuss the application of the randomness parameter and model fitting in determining the number of steps in a stochastic process. Through simulated examples, we show some of the limitations of these techniques. We discuss how shot noise and heterogeneity among the transition rates of individual steps affect how accurately the number of steps can be determined. Finally, we explore dynamic disorder in multistep reactions and show ...


Learning Through Simulated Practice-An Exploration Of The Learning Process, Angela Hope, Annie Topping, Jean Nhemachena Jan 2010

Learning Through Simulated Practice-An Exploration Of The Learning Process, Angela Hope, Annie Topping, Jean Nhemachena

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Background: Pre-registration Nursing Students learning through Simulated Practice Personal observations supported by peers Examination of attendance figures in theory and simulation teaching Lack of ability around numeracy and literacy Evaluation studies


Developing Essential Nursing Dvds: A Collaborative Project, Stephen Prescott, Angela Hope, Michael Fisher Jan 2010

Developing Essential Nursing Dvds: A Collaborative Project, Stephen Prescott, Angela Hope, Michael Fisher

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

No abstract provided.


Student Nurses' Experience Of Simulation In Preparation For Practice, Angela Hope, Joanne Garside, Stephen Prescott Jan 2010

Student Nurses' Experience Of Simulation In Preparation For Practice, Angela Hope, Joanne Garside, Stephen Prescott

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

No abstract provided.


Simulation Assessment: How Successful Is It?, Joanne Garside, Angela Hope, Stephen Prescott Jan 2010

Simulation Assessment: How Successful Is It?, Joanne Garside, Angela Hope, Stephen Prescott

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

No abstract provided.


Simulation - The Next Generation, Barbara Wood, Angela Hope Jan 2010

Simulation - The Next Generation, Barbara Wood, Angela Hope

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

No abstract provided.


Delirium Care Pathways: Final Report For Nsw Health And Health Care Of Older Australian Standing Committee, Victoria Traynor, Nicole Britten Jan 2010

Delirium Care Pathways: Final Report For Nsw Health And Health Care Of Older Australian Standing Committee, Victoria Traynor, Nicole Britten

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

This report provides an overview of the “Delirium Care Pathways” project which was commissioned to be delivered by NSW Health on behalf of the Health Care of Older Australians Standing Committee (HCOASC). The School of Nursing, Midwifery & Indigenous Health (SNMIH), University of Wollongong (UoW), was sub-contracted to deliver this project to NSW Health. This final report has been informed by ongoing progress reports presented to the Project Management team, HCOASC, and the Project Advisory Group. In this report, there will be a discussion of the background to the project, project management details, data collection and data analysis techniques, a description ...


Cardiovascular Absolute Risk Assessment And Management Engagement And Outcomes In General Practice Patients, Qing Wan, Nicholas Zwar, Sanjyot Vagholkar, Terry Campbell, Mark Fort Harris Jan 2010

Cardiovascular Absolute Risk Assessment And Management Engagement And Outcomes In General Practice Patients, Qing Wan, Nicholas Zwar, Sanjyot Vagholkar, Terry Campbell, Mark Fort Harris

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Despite a decline in recent decades, cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the major cause of death and disability in Australia.1,2 To improve primary prevention of CVD, many clinical guidelines recommend using cardiovascular absolute risk (CVAR) assessment to guide risk factor management.3-6 Cardiovascular absolute risk assessment predicts the overall risk of a cardiovascular event over a given time period (usually 5 or 10 years). However, use of CVAR is limited and has not been incorporated well in routine general practice.7-9 There has been little research on CVAR implementation and an effective implementation strategy has been lacking.10


Development And Early Experience From An Intervention To Facilitate Teamwork Between General Practices And Allied Health Providers: The Team-Link Study, Mark Fort Harris, Bibiana Chan, Christopher Daniel, Qing Wan, Nicholas Zwar, Gawaine Powell Davies Jan 2010

Development And Early Experience From An Intervention To Facilitate Teamwork Between General Practices And Allied Health Providers: The Team-Link Study, Mark Fort Harris, Bibiana Chan, Christopher Daniel, Qing Wan, Nicholas Zwar, Gawaine Powell Davies

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Abstract. Background. This paper describes the development and implementation of an intervention to facilitate teamwork between general practice and outside allied and community health services and providers. Methods. A review of organizational theory and a qualitative study of 9 practices was used to design an intervention which was applied in four Divisions of General Practice and 26 urban practices. Clinical record review and qualitative interviews with participants were used to determine the key lessons from its implementation. Results. Facilitating teamwork across organizational boundaries was very challenging. The quality of the relationship between professionals was of key importance. This was enabled ...


Examining The Knowledge Of And Attitudes To Pandemic Influenza Among General Practice Staff, Holly Seale, Kirsten Ward, Nicholas Zwar, Debbie Van, Julie Leask, C Raina Macintyre Jan 2010

Examining The Knowledge Of And Attitudes To Pandemic Influenza Among General Practice Staff, Holly Seale, Kirsten Ward, Nicholas Zwar, Debbie Van, Julie Leask, C Raina Macintyre

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Objective: To assess the views, needs and intended behaviour of general practitioners and practice nurses (PNs) regarding pandemic influenza. Design, setting and participants: A postal survey of GPs and PNs in four Divisions of General Practice in New South Wales, selected to represent a diverse sample of practices from inner-city, semi-urban and rural areas. The study was undertaken from 1 February to 1 April 2009. Main outcome measures: GPs' and PNs' responses to survey statements assessing their awareness and perceived personal risk, intended behaviour in the event of a pandemic, and expectations surrounding antivirals, vaccine and personal and family protection ...


Experience In Implementation Of Cardiovascular Absolute Risk Assessment And Management In Australian General Practice, Qing Wan, Mark Fort Harris, Nicholas Zwar, Sanjyot Vagholkar, Lynn Kemp, Terry Campbell Jan 2010

Experience In Implementation Of Cardiovascular Absolute Risk Assessment And Management In Australian General Practice, Qing Wan, Mark Fort Harris, Nicholas Zwar, Sanjyot Vagholkar, Lynn Kemp, Terry Campbell

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Cardiovascular absolute risk (CVAR) assessment (the probability of a cardiovascular event over 5 or 10 years calculated from multiple risk factors) has been recommended as a means of more accurately tailoring cardiovascular disease primary prevention strategies to the patient's risk level (1-4). Although the use of CVAR assessment has been advocated for some time, the lack of an implementation strategy has hindered its translation from guideline into practice both in Australia (5-8) and overseas (9-11). Our team has developed a theoretical implementation model of CVAR assessment and management using multiple strategies to encourage use (12,13).