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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Model-Based Optimization Of Ground Source Heat Pump Systems, Zhenjun Ma, Lei Xia Jan 2017

Model-Based Optimization Of Ground Source Heat Pump Systems, Zhenjun Ma, Lei Xia

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper presents the development of an optimization strategy for ground source heat pump (GSHP) systems equipped with variable speed pumps in the ground loop system. The optimization problem is formulated using a model-based approach, in which the component models are used to estimate the system performance under various trial settings and an exhaustive search method is used to identify the optimal settings under the search ranges defined. The variable optimized is the outlet water temperature from the ground heat exchangers, which can be used as a set-point to control the operation of the variable speed pumps in the ground ...


Experimental And Modelling Approaches To The Determination Of Fatigue Crack Growth From A Structural Steel T-Butt Weld Toe, V. Tanulia, B. G. Prusty, G. M. Pearce, Alan K. Hellier, H. Li., M. Reid, A. M. Paradowska Jan 2017

Experimental And Modelling Approaches To The Determination Of Fatigue Crack Growth From A Structural Steel T-Butt Weld Toe, V. Tanulia, B. G. Prusty, G. M. Pearce, Alan K. Hellier, H. Li., M. Reid, A. M. Paradowska

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

T-butt welded joints are found in many structural steel applications including buildings, bridges and offshore structures and are susceptible to fatigue crack initiation and propagation,which often leads ultimately to fast fracture failure. An example ofthis was the I-35W bridge in Minneapolis, which collapsed in 2007 resulting in 13 fatalities, as shown in Figure 1 [1]. The experimental work for this project was conducted using A350 grade black mild steel plate. An ultrasonic peening treatment was applied to one T-butt specimen to introduce compressive residual stress at the weld toe, in order to reduce the effective fatigue crack propagation rate ...


Identity-Based Remote Data Integrity Checking With Perfect Data Privacy Preserving For Cloud Storage, Yong Yu, Man Ho Au, Giuseppe Ateniese, Xinyi Huang, Willy Susilo, Yuanshun Dai, Geyong Min Jan 2017

Identity-Based Remote Data Integrity Checking With Perfect Data Privacy Preserving For Cloud Storage, Yong Yu, Man Ho Au, Giuseppe Ateniese, Xinyi Huang, Willy Susilo, Yuanshun Dai, Geyong Min

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Remote data integrity checking (RDIC) enables a data storage server, say a cloud server, to prove to a verifier that it is actually storing a data owner's data honestly. To date, a number of RDIC protocols have been proposed in the literature. However, most of the constructions suffer from the issue of requiring complex key management. That is, they rely on the expensive public key infrastructure (PKI), which might hinder the deployment of RDIC in practice. In this paper, we propose a new construction of identity-based (ID-based) RDIC protocol by making use of key-homomorphic cryptographic primitive to reduce the ...


Thermal Comfort Evaluation Of A Mixed-Mode Ventilated Office Building With Advanced Natural Ventilation And Underfloor Air Distribution Systems, Xiang Deng, Georgios Kokogiannakis, Zhenjun Ma, Paul Cooper Jan 2017

Thermal Comfort Evaluation Of A Mixed-Mode Ventilated Office Building With Advanced Natural Ventilation And Underfloor Air Distribution Systems, Xiang Deng, Georgios Kokogiannakis, Zhenjun Ma, Paul Cooper

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This study uses field monitoring and post occupancy evaluation (POE) surveys to investigate the indoor thermal comfort of an office building that is located in subtropical zone. The building is special as it combines advanced natural ventilation (ANV) strategies and underfloor air distribution (UFAD) systems. A comparison between a static thermal comfort model and a dynamic thermal comfort model is also conducted. The results show that the thermal comfort conditions in the case study building are satisfactory in summer while in winter there is evidence of thermal discomfort. For the case study building, the static thermal comfort model gives outputs ...


Reproducible Bubble-Induced Acoustic Microstreaming For Bead Disaggregation And Immunoassay In Microfluidics, Huaying Chen, Yuan Gao, Karolina Petkovic, Sheng Yan, Michael Best, Yanping Du, Yonggang Zhu Jan 2017

Reproducible Bubble-Induced Acoustic Microstreaming For Bead Disaggregation And Immunoassay In Microfluidics, Huaying Chen, Yuan Gao, Karolina Petkovic, Sheng Yan, Michael Best, Yanping Du, Yonggang Zhu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The bead-based immunoassay requires not only efficient mixing but also good control of bead-surface-area-to-sample-volume ratio to realise accurate and reproducible detection of low concentration samples. This paper reports the development of a microfluidic platform with the reproducible and efficient bubble-induced micromixing for bead disaggregation and immunoassay of prostate-specific antigen (PSA). The platform consists of a microfluidic chip with a microchamber and rectangular traps for capturing air bubbles and a home-made controller to generate sound wave using an external piezo transducer. Methods for reproducible bubble formation and bubble size control during mixing are explored. The influence of driving voltage, PDMS thickness ...


The Integration Of Mri In Radiation Therapy: Collaboration Of Radiographers And Radiation Therapists, Robba Rai, Shivani Kumar, Vikneswary Batumalai, Doaa Elwadia, Lucy Ohanessian, Ewa Juresic, Lynette Cassapi, Shalini K. Vinod, Lois C. Holloway, Paul J. Keall, Gary P. Liney Jan 2017

The Integration Of Mri In Radiation Therapy: Collaboration Of Radiographers And Radiation Therapists, Robba Rai, Shivani Kumar, Vikneswary Batumalai, Doaa Elwadia, Lucy Ohanessian, Ewa Juresic, Lynette Cassapi, Shalini K. Vinod, Lois C. Holloway, Paul J. Keall, Gary P. Liney

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The increased utilisation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in radiation therapy (RT) has led to the implementation of MRI simulators for RT treatment planning and influenced the development of MRI-guided treatment systems. There is extensive literature on the advantages of MRI for tumour volume and organ-at-risk delineation compared to computed tomography. MRI provides both anatomical and functional information for RT treatment planning (RTP) as well as quantitative information to assess tumour response for adaptive treatment. Despite many advantages of MRI in RT, introducing an MRI simulator into a RT department is a challenge. Collaboration between radiographers and radiation therapists is ...


Real-Time In Vivo Rectal Wall Dosimetry Using Moskin Detectors During Linac Based Stereotactic Radiotherapy With Rectal Displacement, Kimberley Legge, Peter B. Greer, Daryl O'Connor, Lee Wilton, Matthew Richardson, Perry Hunter, Alex Wilfert, Jarad Martin, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld, Dean L. Cutajar Jan 2017

Real-Time In Vivo Rectal Wall Dosimetry Using Moskin Detectors During Linac Based Stereotactic Radiotherapy With Rectal Displacement, Kimberley Legge, Peter B. Greer, Daryl O'Connor, Lee Wilton, Matthew Richardson, Perry Hunter, Alex Wilfert, Jarad Martin, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld, Dean L. Cutajar

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Background: MOSFET dosimetry is a method that has been used to measure in-vivo doses during brachytherapy treatments and during linac based radiotherapy treatment. Rectal displacement devices (RDDs) allow for safe dose escalation for prostate cancer treatment. This study used dual MOSkin detectors to assess real-time in vivo rectal wall dose in patients with an RDD in place during a high dose prostate stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) boost trial. Methods: The PROMETHEUS study commenced in 2014 and provides a prostate SBRT boost dose with a RDD in place. Twelve patients received two boost fractions of 9.5-10 Gy each delivered ...


A Degree Theory For Second Order Nonlinear Elliptic Operators With Nonlinear Oblique Boundary Conditions, Yanyan Li, Jiakun Liu, Luc Nguyen Jan 2017

A Degree Theory For Second Order Nonlinear Elliptic Operators With Nonlinear Oblique Boundary Conditions, Yanyan Li, Jiakun Liu, Luc Nguyen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper, we introduce an integer-valued degree for second order fully nonlinear elliptic operators with nonlinear oblique boundary conditions. We also give some applications to the existence of solutions of certain nonlinear elliptic equations arising from a Yamabe problem with boundary and reflector problems.


A Framework To Assess Newmark-Type Simplified Methods For Evaluation Of Earthquake-Induced Deformation Of Embankments, Mojtaba E. Kan, Hossein Taiebat, Mahdi Taiebat Jan 2017

A Framework To Assess Newmark-Type Simplified Methods For Evaluation Of Earthquake-Induced Deformation Of Embankments, Mojtaba E. Kan, Hossein Taiebat, Mahdi Taiebat

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The simplified procedures for evaluation of the earthquake induced displacement in earth and rockfill dams are widely used in practice. These methods are simple, inexpensive, and substantially less time consuming as compared to the complicated stress-deformation approaches. They are especially recommended to be used as a screening tool, to identify embankments with marginal factor of safety, assuming that these methods always give conservative estimates of settlements. However recent studies show that application of these methods may not be conservative in some cases, especially when the tuning ratio of a dam is within a certain range. In this paper the fundamental ...


Barriers To Predictive Analytics Use For Policy Decision-Making Effectiveness In Turbulent Times: A Case Study Of Fukushima Nuclear Accident, Akemi T. Chatfield, Christopher Reddick Jan 2017

Barriers To Predictive Analytics Use For Policy Decision-Making Effectiveness In Turbulent Times: A Case Study Of Fukushima Nuclear Accident, Akemi T. Chatfield, Christopher Reddick

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

No abstract provided.


Sharing Social Network Data: Differentially Private Estimation Of Exponential Family Random-Graph Models, Vishesh Karwa, Pavel N. Krivitsky, Aleksandra B. Slavkovic Jan 2017

Sharing Social Network Data: Differentially Private Estimation Of Exponential Family Random-Graph Models, Vishesh Karwa, Pavel N. Krivitsky, Aleksandra B. Slavkovic

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Motivated by a real life problem of sharing social network data that contain sensitive personal information, we propose a novel approach to release and analyse synthetic graphs to protect privacy of individual relationships captured by the social network while maintaining the validity of statistical results. A case-study using a version of the Enron e-mail corpus data set demonstrates the application and usefulness of the proposed techniques in solving the challenging problem of maintaining privacy and supporting open access to network data to ensure reproducibility of existing studies and discovering new scientific insights that can be obtained by analysing such data ...


Liquid Desiccant Lithium Chloride Regeneration By Membrane Distillation For Air Conditioning, Hung Duong, Faisal I. Hai, Ali Aljubainawi, Zhenjun Ma, Tao He, Long D. Nghiem Jan 2017

Liquid Desiccant Lithium Chloride Regeneration By Membrane Distillation For Air Conditioning, Hung Duong, Faisal I. Hai, Ali Aljubainawi, Zhenjun Ma, Tao He, Long D. Nghiem

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Liquid desiccant air conditioning (LDAC) has emerged as an attractive technology for improving indoor air quality and thermal comfort. Regeneration of liquid desiccants is critical to sustain the process efficiency of LDAC. This study explores membrane distillation (MD) for regeneration of lithium chloride (LiCl) desiccant solution commonly used in LDAC. The results demonstrate the viability of MD for LiCl regeneration. The MD process at the feed temperature of 65 °C could increase the LiCl concentration up to 29 wt.% without any observable LiCl loss. Given the high concentration of the LiCl solution feed, unlike traditional desalination applications, the impact of ...


Hybrid Model Predictive Control Of A Residential Hvac System With On-Site Thermal Energy Generation And Storage, Massimo Fiorentini, Josh Wall, Zhenjun Ma, Julio H. Braslavsky, Paul Cooper Jan 2017

Hybrid Model Predictive Control Of A Residential Hvac System With On-Site Thermal Energy Generation And Storage, Massimo Fiorentini, Josh Wall, Zhenjun Ma, Julio H. Braslavsky, Paul Cooper

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper describes the development, implementation and experimental investigation of a Hybrid Model Predictive Control (HMPC) strategy to control solar-assisted heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems with on-site thermal energy generation and storage. A comprehensive approach to the thermal energy management of a residential building is presented to optimise the scheduling of the available thermal energy resources to meet a comfort objective. The system has a hybrid nature with both continuous variables and discrete, logic-driven operating modes. The proposed control strategy is organized in two hierarchical levels. At the high-level, an HMPC controller with a 24-h prediction horizon and a ...


Displaced Hardness Peak Phenomenon In Heat-Affected Zone Of Welded Quenched And Tempered Em812 Steel, Druce P. Dunne, W Pang Jan 2017

Displaced Hardness Peak Phenomenon In Heat-Affected Zone Of Welded Quenched And Tempered Em812 Steel, Druce P. Dunne, W Pang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Investigations of microstructural and hardness gradients in the heat-affected zone (HAZ) of quenched and tempered (Q&T) steels have indicated that peak hardness does not occur in the grain-coarsened heat-affected zone (GCHAZ) adjacent to the fusion boundary, which is typical of ferritic steels, but corresponds more closely to the grain-refined region (GRHAZ). This phenomenon, the displaced hardness peak (DHP) effect, is considered to arise when the hardenability of the steel is high enough to result in the same microstructure in the GC and GR heat-affected zones, except for significant refinement of the microstructure of the GRHAZ, which increases the hardness ...


Application Of Fractional Calculus In Modelling Ballast Deformation Under Cyclic Loading, Yifei Sun, Buddhima Indraratna, John Philip Carter, Timothy R. Marchant, Sanjay Nimbalkar Jan 2017

Application Of Fractional Calculus In Modelling Ballast Deformation Under Cyclic Loading, Yifei Sun, Buddhima Indraratna, John Philip Carter, Timothy R. Marchant, Sanjay Nimbalkar

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Most constitutive models can only simulate cumulative deformation after a limited number of cycles. However, railroad ballast usually experiences a large number of train passages that cause history-dependent long-term deformation. Fractional calculus is an efficient tool for modelling this phenomenon and therefore is incorporated into a constitutive model for predicting the cumulative deformation. The proposed model is further validated by comparing the model predictions with a series of corresponding experimental results. It is observed that the proposed model can realistically simulate the cumulative deformation of ballast from the onset of loading up to a large number of load cycles.


Holistic Sludge Management Through Ozonation: A Critical Review, Galilee U. Semblante, Faisal I. Hai, Dionysios D. Dionysiou, Kensuke Fukushi, William E. Price, Long D. Nghiem Jan 2017

Holistic Sludge Management Through Ozonation: A Critical Review, Galilee U. Semblante, Faisal I. Hai, Dionysios D. Dionysiou, Kensuke Fukushi, William E. Price, Long D. Nghiem

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper critically reviews the multidimensional benefits of ozonation in wastewater treatment plants. These benefits include sludge reduction, removal of emerging trace organic contaminants (TrOC) from wastewater and sludge, and resource recovery from sludge. Literature shows that ozonation leads to sludge solubilisation, reducing overall biomass yield. Sludge solubilisation is primarily influenced by ozone dosage, which, in turn, depends on the fraction of ozonated sludge, ozone concentration, and sludge concentration. Additionally, sludge ozonation facilitates the removal of TrOCs from wastewater. On the other hand, by inducing cell lysis, ozonation increases the chemical oxygen demand (COD) and nutrient concentration of the sludge ...


Influences Of Temperature And Grain Size On The Material Deformability In Microforming Process, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Haina Lu, Dongbin Wei, Kenichi Manabe, Xianming Zhao, Xiaoming Zhang, Di Wu Jan 2017

Influences Of Temperature And Grain Size On The Material Deformability In Microforming Process, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Haina Lu, Dongbin Wei, Kenichi Manabe, Xianming Zhao, Xiaoming Zhang, Di Wu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper investigated the influences of temperature and grain size on the deformability of pure copper in micro compression process. Based on the dislocation theory, a constitutive model was proposed taking into account the influences of forming temperature, Hall-Petch relationship and surface layer model. Vacuum heat treatment was employed to obtain various grain sizes of cylindrical workpieces, and then laser heating method was applied to heat workpieces during microforming process. Finite element (FE) simulation was also performed, with simulated values agreed well with the experimental results in terms of metal flow stress. Both the FE simulated and experimental results indicate ...


Anonymous Announcement System (Aas) For Electric Vehicle In Vanets, Man Ho Au, Joseph K. Liu, Zhenfei Zhang, Willy Susilo, Jin Li, Jianying Zhou Jan 2017

Anonymous Announcement System (Aas) For Electric Vehicle In Vanets, Man Ho Au, Joseph K. Liu, Zhenfei Zhang, Willy Susilo, Jin Li, Jianying Zhou

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Vehicular Ad Hoc Network (VANET) allows vehicles to exchange information about road and traffic conditions through wireless communications. Nevertheless, providing reliable and authenticated information without violating the user's privacy seems contradictory. In this paper, we propose an Anonymous Announcement System especially designed for Electric Vehicle (EV) in VANETs to achieve the aforementioned contradictory goals. We demonstrated the feasibility of the protocol with a prototype implementation on a suitable device and a network simulation with our protocol added on top of a normal VANET.


Design Of Geopolymer Concrete With Ggbfs At Ambient Curing Condition Using Taguchi Method, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Nabeel Farhan, M Neaz Sheikh Jan 2017

Design Of Geopolymer Concrete With Ggbfs At Ambient Curing Condition Using Taguchi Method, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Nabeel Farhan, M Neaz Sheikh

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper, the Taguchi method has been used to design optimum mix proportions for geopolymer concrete with ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) as aluminosilicate source at ambient curing condition. The influences of binder content, alkaline activator to binder content (Al/Bi) ratio, sodium silicate to sodium hydroxide (SS/SH) ratio, and sodium hydroxide (SH) concentration on the geopolymer concrete were investigated. A total of nine mix designs were evaluated. It was found that specimens with a binder content of 450 kg/m3, Al/Bi ratio of 0.35, SS/SH ratio of 2.5, and SH concentration ...


A Decomposition Approach Via Fourier Sine Transform For Valuing American Knock-Out Options With Rebates, Nhat Tan Le, Duy-Minh Dang, Tran Vu Khanh Jan 2017

A Decomposition Approach Via Fourier Sine Transform For Valuing American Knock-Out Options With Rebates, Nhat Tan Le, Duy-Minh Dang, Tran Vu Khanh

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

We present an innovative decomposition approach for computing the price and the hedging parameters of American knock-out options with a time-dependent rebate. Our approach is built upon: (i) the Fourier sine transform applied to the partial differential equation with a finite time-dependent spatial domain that governs the option price, and (ii) the decomposition technique that partitions the price of the option into that of the European counterpart and an early exercise premium. Our analytic representations can generalize a number of existing decomposition formulas for some European-style and American-style options. A complexity analysis of the method, together with numerical results, show ...


The K-Theoretic Bulk-Edge Correspondence For Topological Insulators, Chris Bourne, Johannes Kellendonk, Adam C. Rennie Jan 2017

The K-Theoretic Bulk-Edge Correspondence For Topological Insulators, Chris Bourne, Johannes Kellendonk, Adam C. Rennie

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

We study the application of Kasparov theory to topological insulator systems and the bulk-edge correspondence. We consider observable algebras as modelled by crossed products, where bulk and edge systems may be linked by a short exact sequence. We construct unbounded Kasparov modules encoding the dynamics of the crossed product. We then link bulk and edge Kasparov modules using the Kasparov product. Because of the anti-linear symmetries that occur in topological insulator models, real C*-algebras and KKO-theory must be used.


Optical Dispersive Shock Waves In Defocusing Colloidal Media, Xin An, Timothy R. Marchant, Noel F. Smyth Jan 2017

Optical Dispersive Shock Waves In Defocusing Colloidal Media, Xin An, Timothy R. Marchant, Noel F. Smyth

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The propagation of an optical dispersive shock wave, generated from a jump discontinuity in light intensity, in a defocusing colloidal medium is analysed. The equations governing nonlinear light propagation in a colloidal medium consist of a nonlinear Schrödinger equation for the beam and an algebraic equation for the medium response. In the limit of low light intensity, these equations reduce to a perturbed higher order nonlinear Schrödinger equation. Solutions for the leading and trailing edges of the colloidal dispersive shock wave are found using modulation theory. This is done for both the perturbed nonlinear Schrödinger equation and the full colloid ...


Predicting Concentrations Of Fine Particles In Enclosed Vessels Using A Camera Based System And Cfd Simulations, L Lulbadda Waduge, S Zigan, Luke Stone, A Belaidi, P Garcia-Trinanes Jan 2017

Predicting Concentrations Of Fine Particles In Enclosed Vessels Using A Camera Based System And Cfd Simulations, L Lulbadda Waduge, S Zigan, Luke Stone, A Belaidi, P Garcia-Trinanes

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

One of the main challenges in industries handling biomass is the consequence of the particle breakage of pelletised biomass in smaller fractions which can lead to fine particles smaller 500 ¿m that can form dust clouds in the handling and storing equipment. These dust clouds present potential health and safety hazards as well as dust explosion hazards to plant operators because the airborne dust can occur in high concentrations close to the dust explosion limits of the biomass material, during the filling process of storage silos. Preventing dust explosions and the damage of plant infrastructures requires a profound understanding of ...


Optimum Resistive Type Fault Current Limiter: An Efficient Solution To Achieve Maximum Fault Ride-Through Capability Of Fixed-Speed Wind Turbines During Symmetrical And Asymmetrical Grid Faults, Seyed Behzad Naderi, Michael Negnevitsky, Amin Jalilian, Mehrdad Tarafdar Hagh, Kashem M. Muttaqi Jan 2017

Optimum Resistive Type Fault Current Limiter: An Efficient Solution To Achieve Maximum Fault Ride-Through Capability Of Fixed-Speed Wind Turbines During Symmetrical And Asymmetrical Grid Faults, Seyed Behzad Naderi, Michael Negnevitsky, Amin Jalilian, Mehrdad Tarafdar Hagh, Kashem M. Muttaqi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper proposes an optimum resistive type fault current limiter (OR-FCL) as an efficient solution to achieve maximum fault ride-through (FRT) capability of fixed-speed wind turbines (FSWT) during various grid faults. In this paper, a dedicated control circuit is designed for the OR-FCL that enables it to insert an optimum value of resistance in the FSWT's fault current's path for improving transient behavior of the FSWT. The optimum resistance value depends on fault location and prefault active power. The control circuit of the proposed OR-FCL is capable of calculating the optimum resistance value for all the prefault conditions ...


Stabilization Of Track Substructure With Geoinclusions- Experimental Evidence And Dem Simulation, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Buddhima Indraratna, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn Jan 2017

Stabilization Of Track Substructure With Geoinclusions- Experimental Evidence And Dem Simulation, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Buddhima Indraratna, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This article reviews on current knowledge of rail track geomechanics, including several important concepts and topics related to laboratory testing and computational modelling, to study the shear stress-strain and deformation of ballast improved by geosynthetics and recycled rubber mats. The effect that impact loads have on ballast degradation and its mitigation due to resilient synthetic mats (i.e. rubber mats) between the ballast and the subballast is investigated using large-scale impact-testing apparatus. Computational modelling with finite element and discrete element methods are increasingly being used to model ballasted tracks reinforced with geosynthetics to capture the continuum media of formation soils ...


Stacking Fault Tetrahedron Induced Plasticity In Copper Single Crystal, Liang Zhang, Cheng Lu, Anh Kiet Tieu, Lihong Su, Xing Zhao, Linqing Pei Jan 2017

Stacking Fault Tetrahedron Induced Plasticity In Copper Single Crystal, Liang Zhang, Cheng Lu, Anh Kiet Tieu, Lihong Su, Xing Zhao, Linqing Pei

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Stacking fault tetrahedron (SFT) is the most common type of vacancy clustered defects in fcc metals and alloys, and can play an important role in the mechanical properties of metallic materials. In this study, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were carried out to investigate the incipience of plasticity and the underlying atomic mechanisms in copper single crystals with SFT. Different deformation mechanisms of SFT were reported due to the crystal orientations and loading directions (compression and tension). The results showed that the incipient plasticity in crystals with SFT resulted from the heterogeneous dislocation nucleation from SFT, so the stress required for ...


Direct Immobilization Of Laccase On Titania Nanoparticles From Crude Enzyme Extracts Of P. Ostreatus Culture For Micro-Pollutant Degradation, Chao Ji, Ngoc Luong Nguyen, Jingwei Hou, Faisal I. Hai, Vicki Chen Jan 2017

Direct Immobilization Of Laccase On Titania Nanoparticles From Crude Enzyme Extracts Of P. Ostreatus Culture For Micro-Pollutant Degradation, Chao Ji, Ngoc Luong Nguyen, Jingwei Hou, Faisal I. Hai, Vicki Chen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Enzymatic treatment can effectively degrade recalcitrant micro-pollutants in wastewater. However, its industrial application is constrained by the high cost of the purified enzyme preparations. This work introduces a novel technique to directly immobilize the in-house crude enzyme extracts (from P. ostreatus) onto the functionalized TiO2 nanoparticle surface. Comprehensive investigations were carried out to understand the interactions between complex crude enzyme extracts and the immobilization support. By simple dilution of the crude enzyme extract, the immobilization efficiency can be significantly improved. The resultant biocatalytic nanoparticles had comparable performance to the immobilized purified commercial enzymes. Finally, the micropollutant degradation capability of ...


Nonlinear Analysis Of Biaxially Loaded Rectangular Concrete-Filled Stainless Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns, Vipulkumar I. Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2017

Nonlinear Analysis Of Biaxially Loaded Rectangular Concrete-Filled Stainless Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns, Vipulkumar I. Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Rectangular concrete-filled stainless steel tubular (CFSST) beam-columns utilized as supporting members for building frames may experience axial compression and biaxial moments. A numerical simulation considering the local buckling effects for thin-walled rectangular CFSST slender beam-columns has not been performed. This paper reports a stability modeling on the structural characteristics of rectangular CFSST slender beam-columns accounting for different strain-hardening of stainless steel under tension and compression. The influences of local buckling are considered in the simulation utilizing the existing effective width formulations. The developed numerical model simulates the strength interaction and load-deflection behavior of CFSST slender beam-columns. Comparisons of computed results ...


Formative Assessment To Develop Oral Communication Competency Using Youtube: Self- And Peer Assessment In Engineering, Sasha Nikolic, David Stirling, Montserrat Ros Jan 2017

Formative Assessment To Develop Oral Communication Competency Using Youtube: Self- And Peer Assessment In Engineering, Sasha Nikolic, David Stirling, Montserrat Ros

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Obtaining oral communication competency is an important skill for engineering students to prepare them for interacting and working in any professional setting. For engineers, it is also important to be able to present technical information to non-technical audiences. To ensure oral competency, a non-graded formative assessment approach using video with self- and peer assessment was introduced into a final-year engineering thesis course. A low workload approach was used due to growing student numbers and higher pressures on academic staff. A quasi-experimental design was used to investigate the differences between traditional delivery, self-assessment and combined self-assessment with peer feedback. The study ...


High-Strength Steel Plates In Hybrid Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Concrete-Steel Columns: Concept And Behavior, Tao Yu, Lip H. Teh, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2017

High-Strength Steel Plates In Hybrid Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Concrete-Steel Columns: Concept And Behavior, Tao Yu, Lip H. Teh, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Applications of high-strength steel products in civil engineering have been limited by elastic local buckling, by the perceived lack of ductility, and by the perceived difficulties of welding such steels. This article proposes a new column (i.e. high-strength steel plate-concrete-filled fiber-reinforced polymer tube) consisting of an outer fiber-reinforced polymer tube, concrete infill, and encased high-strength steel plates that are connected to each other by bolted angle brackets at discrete elevations. The column offers an ideal opportunity for the use of high-strength steel plates in construction, with their high yield stresses being fully utilized and without welding (and without welding ...