Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Study

Articles 1 - 30 of 94

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Barriers To Predictive Analytics Use For Policy Decision-Making Effectiveness In Turbulent Times: A Case Study Of Fukushima Nuclear Accident, Akemi T. Chatfield, Christopher Reddick Jan 2017

Barriers To Predictive Analytics Use For Policy Decision-Making Effectiveness In Turbulent Times: A Case Study Of Fukushima Nuclear Accident, Akemi T. Chatfield, Christopher Reddick

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

No abstract provided.


Field Study Of Air Conditioning And Thermal Comfort In Residential Buildings, Jungsoo Kim, Richard De Dear, Tom Parkinson, Christhina Candido, Paul Cooper, Zhenjun Ma, Wasim Saman Jan 2016

Field Study Of Air Conditioning And Thermal Comfort In Residential Buildings, Jungsoo Kim, Richard De Dear, Tom Parkinson, Christhina Candido, Paul Cooper, Zhenjun Ma, Wasim Saman

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The aim of this study is to better understand the external and internal drivers that affect residential air-conditioning (A/C) use decisions and occupant comfort. Field observations were carried out using instrumental measurements and smartphone questionnaires, recording householder's A/C usage patterns, indoor/outdoor climatic factors, perception of thermal comfort and adaptive behaviours.


Organ Doses From Hepatic Radioembolization With 90y, 153sm, 166ho And 177lu: A Monte Carlo Simulation Study Using Geant4, N A A Hashikin, C H Y Yeong, Susanna Guatelli, B J J Abdullah, K H. Ng, Alessandra Malaroda, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld, A C. Perkins Jan 2016

Organ Doses From Hepatic Radioembolization With 90y, 153sm, 166ho And 177lu: A Monte Carlo Simulation Study Using Geant4, N A A Hashikin, C H Y Yeong, Susanna Guatelli, B J J Abdullah, K H. Ng, Alessandra Malaroda, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld, A C. Perkins

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

90Y-radioembolization is a palliative treatment for liver cancer. 90Y decays via beta emission, making imaging difficult due to absence of gamma radiation. Since post-procedure imaging is crucial, several theranostic radionuclides have been explored as alternatives. However, exposures to gamma radiation throughout the treatment caused concern for the organs near the liver. Geant4 Monte Carlo simulation using MIRD Pamphlet 5 reference phantom was carried out. A spherical tumour with 4.3cm radius was modelled within the liver. 1.82GBq of 90Y sources were isotropically distributed within the tumour, with no extrahepatic shunting. The simulation was repeated with 153Sm, 166Ho and 177Lu ...


Energy Analysis Of Net Zero Energy Buildings: A Case Study, Joel Anderson, Duane A. Robinson, Zhenjun Ma Jan 2016

Energy Analysis Of Net Zero Energy Buildings: A Case Study, Joel Anderson, Duane A. Robinson, Zhenjun Ma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The building sector is a significant contributor to global energy usage and environmental emissions. Advanced building design, optimal selection and sizing of building components, and energy efficient operation are among the key ways of significantly reducing overall building energy demand. Achieving reduction in energy demand is a key directive of the net zero energy building concept. Building designs dedicated to meeting net zero energy building requirements are becoming more commonplace as a path towards reducing the overall emissions from the built environment. This work analyses the energy demand of a net zero energy office building and compares it with a ...


A Review On Numerical Solutions To Self-Heating Of Coal Stockpile: Mechanism, Theoretical Basis, And Variable Study, Jian Zhang, Ting X. Ren, Yuntao Liang, Zhongwei Wang Jan 2016

A Review On Numerical Solutions To Self-Heating Of Coal Stockpile: Mechanism, Theoretical Basis, And Variable Study, Jian Zhang, Ting X. Ren, Yuntao Liang, Zhongwei Wang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Self-heating or even spontaneous combustion of stockpiled coal, which is likely to outbreak under favourable circumstances during its transport, process, and storage, is a long-standing thermal dynamic hazard. This hazard is harmful in diverse aspects: causing loss of coal resource and caking property, raising safety concerns upon occurrence of open fire, and giving off noxious/greenhouse effect gases. Due to the complexity of involved physical process (e.g. heat and mass transport) and chemical process (e.g. coal oxidation), formulating an analytical solution to the problem with or even without a transient approach would be a daunting task and the ...


Developing An Optimum Maintenance Policy By Life Cycle Cost Analysis - A Case Study, Khaled O. El-Akruti, Tieling Zhang, Richard Dwight Jan 2016

Developing An Optimum Maintenance Policy By Life Cycle Cost Analysis - A Case Study, Khaled O. El-Akruti, Tieling Zhang, Richard Dwight

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper focuses on developing maintenance policies for critical assets to improve the production performance based on life cycle cost (LCC) analysis. A general approach is adopted for conducting the LCC analysis. The investigation is based on a case study to demonstrate how an optimum maintenance policy is determined. The relevant LCC structure in the case study is defined for the decision process which involves determination of the optimum life, repair limit and selection of materials, and trade-off between repair and replacement. The LCC analysis is based on statistical data modelling which facilitates decision-making on the optimal replacement of an ...


An Exploratory Study Of Expectation In It Skills In A Developing Nation: Vietnam, S K. Lau, Graham K. Winley, Nelson K. Y. Leung, Nicole Tsang, Sim Yee Lau Jan 2016

An Exploratory Study Of Expectation In It Skills In A Developing Nation: Vietnam, S K. Lau, Graham K. Winley, Nelson K. Y. Leung, Nicole Tsang, Sim Yee Lau

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The purpose of this study is to explore expectations in information technology skills for organizations in Vietnam, a developing country in South East Asia. Previous research in Vietnam has mainly focused on information technology adoption; this study offers an insight into the demands of information technology skills in Vietnam. A theoretical framework consisting of five domains of expertise is used to examine the nature and structure of information technology profession in Vietnam. Results from the study show that there is an anticipated increase in demand for information technology professionals who possess deep skills in a broad scope of roles and ...


Biaxial Creep Test Study On The Influence Of Structural Anisotropy On Rheological Behaviour Of Hard Rock, Chuangzhou Wu, Qingsheng Chen, Sudip Basack, Riqing Xu, Zhenming Shi Jan 2016

Biaxial Creep Test Study On The Influence Of Structural Anisotropy On Rheological Behaviour Of Hard Rock, Chuangzhou Wu, Qingsheng Chen, Sudip Basack, Riqing Xu, Zhenming Shi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Rheological characteristics are one of most important properties needed to be considered for the designing and construction for the long term stability and serviceability of underground structures in the rock mass. Up to date, although extensive studies on the rheological properties of rocks are available in the literature, most of existing studies reported the strain-time data for the axial deformation through compression rheological method and did not mention the lateral deformation, and mainly focused on the soft rocks at shallow depth. Thus, very limited attention has been paid to the rheological properties of deep and hard rock, neglecting the effects ...


Experimental Study On Frp Tube Reinforced Concrete Columns Under Different Loading Conditions, Weiqiang Wang, M Neaz Sheikh, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2016

Experimental Study On Frp Tube Reinforced Concrete Columns Under Different Loading Conditions, Weiqiang Wang, M Neaz Sheikh, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The behavior of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) tube reinforced concrete (FTRC) columns under different loading conditions was investigated in this study. Four groups of 16 specimens were cast and tested. Specimens in the first group (the reference group) were re- inforced with longitudinal steel bars and steel helices (Group REF). Specimens in the second group were reinforced with intact glass FRP tubes (Group IT). Specimens in the third group were also reinforced with intact glass FRP tubes. In addition, polymer grid was embedded into the concrete cover to reduce the cover spalling (Group ITG). Specimens in the fourth group were reinforced ...


Experimental And Numerical Study On The Effect Of Zddp Films On Sticking During Hot Rolling Of Ferritic Stainless Steel Strip, Liang Hao, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Dianyao Gong, Xiawei Cheng, Jingwei Zhao, Suzhen Luo, Laizhu Jiang Jan 2016

Experimental And Numerical Study On The Effect Of Zddp Films On Sticking During Hot Rolling Of Ferritic Stainless Steel Strip, Liang Hao, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Dianyao Gong, Xiawei Cheng, Jingwei Zhao, Suzhen Luo, Laizhu Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of zinc dialkyl dithio phosphate (ZDDP) films on sticking during hot rolling of a ferritic stainless steel strip. The surface characterization and crack propagation of the oxide scale are very important for understanding the mechanism of the sticking. The high-temperature oxidation of one typical ferritic stainless was conducted at 1373 K (1100 °C) for understanding its microstructure and surface morphology. Hot-rolling tests of a ferritic stainless steel strip show that no obvious cracks among the oxide scale were observed with the application of ZDDP. A finite element method model was ...


Residual Stress Study Of Al/Al Laminates Processed By Accumulative Roll Bonding, Lihong Su, Cheng Lu, Hui Jun Li, Vladimir Luzin, Hui Wang, Anh Kiet Tieu Jan 2016

Residual Stress Study Of Al/Al Laminates Processed By Accumulative Roll Bonding, Lihong Su, Cheng Lu, Hui Jun Li, Vladimir Luzin, Hui Wang, Anh Kiet Tieu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this work accumulative roll bonding (ARB) was used to combine AA1050 and AA6061 sheets to produce AA1050/AA1050, AA6061/AA6061 and AA1050/AA6061 laminates with ultrafine grained (UFG) structure. Two sheets of starting materials were roll bonded with 200 °C preheating for 180 s before rolling. The through-thickness residual stress distribution of these laminates processed up to two cycles of ARB was determined by neutron diffraction with spatial resolution of 0.2 mm through 1.5 mm thickness. The measurements also required high accuracy of only few MPa since residual stresses in the laminates peaked at only about 15 ...


Study Of The Consequences Of Co2 Released From High-Pressure Pipelines, Xiong Liu, Ajit R. Godbole, Cheng Lu, Guillaume Michal, Phillip Venton Jan 2015

Study Of The Consequences Of Co2 Released From High-Pressure Pipelines, Xiong Liu, Ajit R. Godbole, Cheng Lu, Guillaume Michal, Phillip Venton

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The development of the Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technique requires an understanding of the hazards posed by the operation of high-pressure CO2 pipelines. To allow the appropriate safety precautions to be taken, a comprehensive understanding of the consequences of unplanned CO2 releases is essential before the deployment of CO2 pipelines. In this paper, we present models for the predictions of discharge rate, atmospheric expansion and dispersion due to accidental CO2 releases from high-pressure pipelines. The GERG-2008 Equation of State (EOS) was used in the discharge and expansion models. This enabled more precise 'source strength' predictions ...


Experimental And Numerical Study Of Micro Deep Drawing, Liang Luo, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Kenichi Manabe, Hideki Sato Jan 2015

Experimental And Numerical Study Of Micro Deep Drawing, Liang Luo, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Kenichi Manabe, Hideki Sato

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Micro forming is a key technology for an industrial miniaturisation trend, and micro deep drawing (MDD) is a typical micro forming method. It has great advantages comparing to other micro manufacturing methods, such as net forming ability, mass production potential, high product quality and complex 3D metal products fabrication capacity. Meanwhile, it is facing difficulties, for example the so-called size effects, once scaled down to micro scale. To investigate and to solve the problems in MDD, a combined micro blanking-drawing machine is employed and an explicit-implicit micro deep drawing model with a voronoi blank model is developed. Through heat treatment ...


The Role Of Pyrimidine And Water As Underlying Molecular Constituents For Describing Radiation Damage In Living Tissue: A Comparative Study, Martina C. Fuss, L Ellis-Gibbings, Darryl B. Jones, M J. Brunger, Francisco Blanco, A Muñoz, Paulo Limao-Vieira, Gustavo Garcia Jan 2015

The Role Of Pyrimidine And Water As Underlying Molecular Constituents For Describing Radiation Damage In Living Tissue: A Comparative Study, Martina C. Fuss, L Ellis-Gibbings, Darryl B. Jones, M J. Brunger, Francisco Blanco, A Muñoz, Paulo Limao-Vieira, Gustavo Garcia

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Water is often used as the medium for characterizing the effects of radiation on living tissue. However, in this study, charged-particle track simulations are employed to quantify the induced physicochemical and potential biological implications when a primary ionising particle with energy 10 keV strikes a medium made up entirely of water or pyrimidine. Note that pyrimidine was chosen as the DNA/RNA bases cytosine, thymine, and uracil can be considered pyrimidine derivatives. This study aims to assess the influence of the choice of medium on the charged-particle transport, and identify how appropriate it is to use water as the default ...


Comparison Of Oncentra ® Brachy Ipsa And Graphical Optimisation Techniques: A Case Study Of Hdr Brachytherapy Head And Neck And Prostate Plans, Michael Jameson, Lucy Ohanessian, Vikneswary Batumalai, Virendra Patel, Lois C. Holloway Jan 2015

Comparison Of Oncentra ® Brachy Ipsa And Graphical Optimisation Techniques: A Case Study Of Hdr Brachytherapy Head And Neck And Prostate Plans, Michael Jameson, Lucy Ohanessian, Vikneswary Batumalai, Virendra Patel, Lois C. Holloway

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

There are a number of different dwell positions and time optimisation options available in the Oncentra® Brachy (Elekta Brachytherapy Solutions, Veenendaal, The Netherlands) brachytherapy treatment planning system. The purpose of this case study was to compare graphical (GRO) and inverse planning by simulated annealing (IPSA) optimisation techniques for interstitial head and neck (HN) and prostate plans considering dosimetry, modelled radiobiology outcome and planning time. Four retrospective brachytherapy patients were chosen for this study, two recurrent HN and two prostatic boosts. Manual GRO and IPSA plans were generated for each patient. Plans were compared using dose-volume histograms (DVH) and dose coverage ...


A Survey And Study Of Planar Antennas For Pico-Satellites, Faisel Em M Tubbal, Raad Raad, Kwan-Wu Chin Jan 2015

A Survey And Study Of Planar Antennas For Pico-Satellites, Faisel Em M Tubbal, Raad Raad, Kwan-Wu Chin

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Works on pico-satellites have gained momentum recently, especially those that consider pico-satellites as part of a much larger constellation or swarm. This feature allows pico-satellites to provide high temporal resolution of observational data and redundancy. In particular, it reduces the need for satellite-to-ground communications and, hence, helps save energy and allows the execution of distributed processing algorithms on the satellites themselves. Consequently, satellite-to-satellite or cross-link communication is critical. To realize these advantages, the cross-link antenna employed on pico-satellites must meet many criteria, namely, small size, lightweight, low-power consumption, high gain, wide bandwidth, circular polarization, and beam steerability. To date, no ...


Structural Evolution Of Electrodes In The Ncr And Cgr Cathode-Containing Commercial Lithium-Ion Batteries Cycled Between 3.0 And 4.5 V: An Operando Neutron Powder-Diffraction Study, Wei Kong Pang, Moshiul Alam, Vanessa K. Peterson, Neeraj Sharma Jan 2015

Structural Evolution Of Electrodes In The Ncr And Cgr Cathode-Containing Commercial Lithium-Ion Batteries Cycled Between 3.0 And 4.5 V: An Operando Neutron Powder-Diffraction Study, Wei Kong Pang, Moshiul Alam, Vanessa K. Peterson, Neeraj Sharma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The dissimilar lattice-evolution of the isostructural layered Li(Ni,Co,Al)O2 (NCR) and Li(Ni,Co,Mn)O2 (CGR) cathodes in commercial lithium-ion batteries during overcharging/discharging was examined using operando neutron powder-diffraction. The stacking axis (c parameter) of both cathodes expands on initial lithiation and contracts on further lithiation. Although both the initial increase and later decrease are smaller for the CGR cathode, the overall change between battery charged and discharged states of the c parameter is larger for the CGR (1.29%) than for the NCR cathode (0.33%). We find these differences are correlated ...


Brittle Versus Ductile Behaviour Of Nanotwinned Copper: A Molecular Dynamics Study, Linqing Pei, Cheng Lu, Xing Zhao, Liang Zhang, Kuiyu Cheng, Guillaume Michal, A Kiet Tieu Jan 2015

Brittle Versus Ductile Behaviour Of Nanotwinned Copper: A Molecular Dynamics Study, Linqing Pei, Cheng Lu, Xing Zhao, Liang Zhang, Kuiyu Cheng, Guillaume Michal, A Kiet Tieu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Nanotwinned copper (Cu) exhibits an unusual combination of ultra-high yield strength and high ductility. A brittle-to-ductile transition was previously experimentally observed in nanotwinned Cu despite Cu being an intrinsically ductile metal. However, the atomic mechanisms responsible for brittle fracture and ductile fracture in nanotwinned Cu are still not clear. In this study, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations at different temperatures have been performed to investigate the fracture behaviour of a nanotwinned Cu specimen with a single-edge-notched crack whose surface coincides with a twin boundary. Three temperature ranges are identified, indicative of distinct fracture regimes, under tensile straining perpendicular to the twin ...


3d Bridge Microdosimeter: Charge Collection Study And Application To Rbe Studies In 12C Radiation Therapy, Linh T. Tran, Dale A. Prokopovich, Susanna Guatelli, Marco Petasecca, Michael L. F Lerch, Mark I. Reinhard, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Jan 2015

3d Bridge Microdosimeter: Charge Collection Study And Application To Rbe Studies In 12C Radiation Therapy, Linh T. Tran, Dale A. Prokopovich, Susanna Guatelli, Marco Petasecca, Michael L. F Lerch, Mark I. Reinhard, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Radiotherapy using heavy ion beam such as Carbon-ion has the advantage for the treatment of deep-seated tumour over conventional radiotherapy with X-rays due to an enhanced dose deposition in the Bragg peak (BP) at the end of the ion range. The highest dose can be deposited in the tumour with much lower doses to the surrounding healthy tissue. The Relative Biological Effectiveness (RBE) of a carbon-ion radiotherapy beam greatly depends on a depth of the target volume in the body and the nuclear fragmentation process that increases close to the BP or spread out BP (SOBP) as well as neutrons ...


A Study Of The Behaviour Of Fresh And Coal Fouled Ballast Reinforced By Geogrid Using The Discrete Element Method, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Buddhima Indraratna, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn Jan 2015

A Study Of The Behaviour Of Fresh And Coal Fouled Ballast Reinforced By Geogrid Using The Discrete Element Method, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Buddhima Indraratna, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Geogrids are widely used in ballasted rail tracks for reinforcement and stabilisation. During train operation, ballast becomes contaminated or fouled due to infiltration of fines from the surface, mud pumping from the subgrade, and degradation, which decreases the performance of the geogrids. This paper presents the results of a laboratory and numerical simulation to study the effect that coal fines have on the interface between ballast and geogrid. The stress-strain behaviour of fresh and fouled ballast reinforced by geogrid was investigated via a series of large scale direct shear tests in the laboratory and numerical simulations using the Discrete Element ...


An In-Situ Neutron Diffraction Study Of A Multi-Phase Transformation And Twinning-Induced Plasticity Steel During Cyclic Loading, Ahmed A. Saleh, Donald W. Brown, Elena V. Pereloma, Bjorn Clausen, Christopher H. J Davies, Carlos N. Tome, Azdiar A. Gazder Jan 2015

An In-Situ Neutron Diffraction Study Of A Multi-Phase Transformation And Twinning-Induced Plasticity Steel During Cyclic Loading, Ahmed A. Saleh, Donald W. Brown, Elena V. Pereloma, Bjorn Clausen, Christopher H. J Davies, Carlos N. Tome, Azdiar A. Gazder

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In-situ neutron diffraction during cyclic tension-compression loading (þ3.5% to 2.8%) of a 17Mn-3Al-2Si-1Ni-0.06C steel that exhibits concurrent transformation and twinning -induced plasticity effects indicated a significant contribution of intragranular back stresses to the observed Bauschinger effect. Rietveld analysis revealed a higher rate of martensitic transformation during tension compared to compression. Throughout cycling, a0-martensite exhibited the highest phase strains such that it bears an increasing portion of the macroscopic load as its weight fraction evolves. On the other hand, the e-martensite strain remained compressive as it accommodated most of the internal strains caused by the shape misfit associated ...


Study On Surface Asperity Flattening In Cold Quasi-Static Uniaxial Planar Compression By Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Method, Hejie Li, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Jianzhong Xu, Xiaoming Zhang, Dianyao Gong, Jingtao Han Jan 2015

Study On Surface Asperity Flattening In Cold Quasi-Static Uniaxial Planar Compression By Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Method, Hejie Li, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Jianzhong Xu, Xiaoming Zhang, Dianyao Gong, Jingtao Han

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In order to study the surface asperity flattening in a quasi-static cold uniaxial planar compression, the experimental results of atomic force microscope and electron backscattered diffraction have been employed in a ratedependent crystal plasticity model to analyze this process. The simulation results show a good agreement with the experimental results: in this quasi-static deformation process, lubrication can hinder the surface asperity flattening process even under very low deformation rate. However, due to the limitation of the model and some parameters, the simulation results cannot predict all the properties in detail such as S orientation {123}and the maximum stress in ...


Molecular Dynamics Study On The Grain Boundary Dislocation Source In Nanocrystalline Copper Under Tensile Loading, Liang Zhang, Cheng Lu, A Kiet Tieu, Linqing Pei, Xing Zhao, Kuiyu Cheng Jan 2015

Molecular Dynamics Study On The Grain Boundary Dislocation Source In Nanocrystalline Copper Under Tensile Loading, Liang Zhang, Cheng Lu, A Kiet Tieu, Linqing Pei, Xing Zhao, Kuiyu Cheng

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Grain boundary (GB) is the interface between different oriented crystals of the same material, and it can have a significant effect on the many properties of materials. When the average or entire range of grain size is reduced to less than 100 nm, the conventional plastic deformation mechanisms dominated by dislocation processes become difficult and GBmediated deformation mechanisms become increasingly important. One of the mechanisms that can play a profound role in the strength and plasticity of metallic polycrystalline materials is the heterogeneous nucleation and emission of dislocations from GB. In this study, we conducted molecular dynamics simulations to study ...


Ion Radiography As A Tool For Patient Set-Up & Image Guided Particle Therapy: A Monte Carlo Study, Nicolas Depauw, Marta F. Dias, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld, Joao C. Seco Feb 2014

Ion Radiography As A Tool For Patient Set-Up & Image Guided Particle Therapy: A Monte Carlo Study, Nicolas Depauw, Marta F. Dias, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld, Joao C. Seco

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This study investigate the use of ion radiography as a tool for patient set-up and tumor tracking capabilities for image guided particle therapy (IGPT) using Monte Carlo simulations. One pediatric, two lung and one liver cancer patients were considered in this study. For each patient, 230 and 330 MeV proton, and 500 MeV/nucleon carbon ion pencil beams were simulated through their computed tomography (CT) data set using GEANT4.9.0. Energy, position and direction cosines of each particle were recorded in front and behind the patient. Ion radiographs were subsequently reconstructed using a dedicated in-house software. The image quality ...


A Study Surface Layer And Hardness Produced By Induction Hardened S45c Steel, Alain Parisianto, Rosfian Dahar, Huijun Li, Syamsul Hadi Jan 2014

A Study Surface Layer And Hardness Produced By Induction Hardened S45c Steel, Alain Parisianto, Rosfian Dahar, Huijun Li, Syamsul Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A cylinder of Carbon Steel S45C with a ferrite and pearlite structure was analysed to improve the hardness and surface layer as well as the toughness. Accordingly, it is important to undertake a heat treatment process for the hardness and surface layer of this steel. The heat teatment process was carried out using induction heating with five different temperatures of 800°C, 900°C, 1000°C, 1100°C and 1200 °C followed by water quenching with certain cooling speed. The chemical compositions and microstructures of these samples were characterized by spectrometer and optical microscopy. The microhardness of the samples was ...


A Coastal Groundwater Management Model With Indian Case Study, Sudip Basack, Amartya Kumar Bhattacharya, Prabir Maity Jan 2014

A Coastal Groundwater Management Model With Indian Case Study, Sudip Basack, Amartya Kumar Bhattacharya, Prabir Maity

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The complexity of the hydrogeological setup in coastal areas calls for the adoption of scientific groundwater management techniques. Excessive withdrawal of groundwater in coastal zones will lead to depression of the water table, with associated hazards such as putting the well out of use, rendering abstraction uneconomic with increased lift. A sustained regional groundwater drawdown below sea level runs the risk of saline water intrusion, even for confined coastal aquifers. Uncontrolled groundwater development may lead to reversal of the freshwater gradient, thereby resulting in saline water ingress into coastal aquifers. There are, however, several established methodologies to control and minimise ...


Roles Of Social Media In Open Data Environments: A Case Study Of The 2014 Indonesian Presidential Election Voting Results, Uuf Brajawidagda, Akemi T. Chatfield Jan 2014

Roles Of Social Media In Open Data Environments: A Case Study Of The 2014 Indonesian Presidential Election Voting Results, Uuf Brajawidagda, Akemi T. Chatfield

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Open data initiatives are critical to open government policies which promote transparency, citizen engagement and collaboration. However, they face challenges in realizing their potential benefits through citizens' active engagement. Despite the sharp rise of social media use by governments or quasi-governmental organizations to engage citizens in transforming public service quality and offers, very little has been written on enabling roles of social media in influencing the outcome of open data initiatives. This research examines the potential enabling roles of social media in motivating and having citizens' engagement easier in open data environments. Specifically, we present social media use in supporting ...


Vacancy-Type Defects Study On Ultra-Fine Grained Aluminium Processed By Severe Plastic Deformation, Li-Jun Su, C Lu, Guanyu Deng, A Kiet Tieu, L C. Zhang, P Guagliardo, S N. Samarin, J F. Williams Jan 2014

Vacancy-Type Defects Study On Ultra-Fine Grained Aluminium Processed By Severe Plastic Deformation, Li-Jun Su, C Lu, Guanyu Deng, A Kiet Tieu, L C. Zhang, P Guagliardo, S N. Samarin, J F. Williams

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Vacancy-type defects play an important role in the metal materials deformed by severe plastic deformation (SPD). The present work use positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS) to test the vacancy-type defects in aluminium alloys processed by equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) and accumulative roll bonding (ARB). ECAP at room temperature and cryogenic temperature was conducted to AA1050 and ARB with 200 C preheating was conducted to AA1050 and AA6061 to produce laminated AA1050 sheets, AA6061 sheets and AA1050/AA6061 composites. High fraction of vacancy-type defects were detected in all the deformed samples. Vacancies associated with dislocations and bulk mono-vacancies have been ...


Numerical Study On Springback With Size Effect In Micro V-Bending, Zhi Fang, Haina Lu, Dongbin Wei, Zhengyi Jiang, Xianming Zhao, Di Wu Jan 2014

Numerical Study On Springback With Size Effect In Micro V-Bending, Zhi Fang, Haina Lu, Dongbin Wei, Zhengyi Jiang, Xianming Zhao, Di Wu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

With the development of microforming technology, the demand on accuracy of the metallic micro components is elevating. While springback phenomenon which is inevitable during bending process, can cause unpredicted dimensional error, bringing difficulties to the downstream assembly, and let alone the springback in microforming as the measurements of tools and workpieces downsize hundreds even thousands times. This paper focuses on the springback effect that occurs after the micro Vbending a classic processing method to manufacture microparts. Numerical simulation has been conducted to investigate the size effect in terms of Voronoi tessellation and springback. A finite element (FE) model of the ...


A Comparative Study For Wear Resistant Of Stellite 6 Coatings On Nickel Alloy Substrate Produced By Laser Cladding, Hvof And Plasma Spraying Techniques, Alain Kusmoko, Druce P. Dunne, Huijun Li Jan 2014

A Comparative Study For Wear Resistant Of Stellite 6 Coatings On Nickel Alloy Substrate Produced By Laser Cladding, Hvof And Plasma Spraying Techniques, Alain Kusmoko, Druce P. Dunne, Huijun Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Stellite 6 coatings were deposited using laser cladding, high velocity oxygen fuel (HVOF) thermal spraying and plasma spraying techniques on a nickel alloy substrate. The surface roughness, chemical composition and microstructure of these coatings were characterised by a surface profilometer, optical microscopy (OM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The microhardness of the coatings was measured and the wear behaviour of the coatings was examined under controlled test conditions in a pin-on-plate (reciprocating) tribometer. The results showed that fully dense and crack-free laser clad Stellite 6 coatings can be formed on a high nickel steel substrate. Average microhardness values of the ...