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Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Process

Articles 1 - 30 of 47

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Influences Of Temperature And Grain Size On The Material Deformability In Microforming Process, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Haina Lu, Dongbin Wei, Kenichi Manabe, Xianming Zhao, Xiaoming Zhang, Di Wu Jan 2017

Influences Of Temperature And Grain Size On The Material Deformability In Microforming Process, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Haina Lu, Dongbin Wei, Kenichi Manabe, Xianming Zhao, Xiaoming Zhang, Di Wu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper investigated the influences of temperature and grain size on the deformability of pure copper in micro compression process. Based on the dislocation theory, a constitutive model was proposed taking into account the influences of forming temperature, Hall-Petch relationship and surface layer model. Vacuum heat treatment was employed to obtain various grain sizes of cylindrical workpieces, and then laser heating method was applied to heat workpieces during microforming process. Finite element (FE) simulation was also performed, with simulated values agreed well with the experimental results in terms of metal flow stress. Both the FE simulated and experimental results indicate ...


A Process Of Prioritizing Topics For Health Technology Assessment In Kazakhstan, Lyazzat Kosherbayeva, David M. Hailey, Kural Kurakbaev, Adlet Tabarov, Ainur Kumar, Gulnara Gutzskaya, Elena Stepkina Jan 2016

A Process Of Prioritizing Topics For Health Technology Assessment In Kazakhstan, Lyazzat Kosherbayeva, David M. Hailey, Kural Kurakbaev, Adlet Tabarov, Ainur Kumar, Gulnara Gutzskaya, Elena Stepkina

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Objectives: The aim of this study was to develop criteria for the prioritization of topics for health technology assessment (HTA) in the healthcare system of Kazakhstan. Methods: Initial proposals for criteria were suggested through consultation with Ministry of Health (MoH) policy areas. These were refined through a workshop attended by HTA department staff, persons from medical universities and research institutes, and MoH policy makers. The workshop included discussion on methods used in international HTA practice. Opinions of participants on selection of criteria from those specified in a review of prioritization processes were used to define a list for inclusion in ...


Mechanical Recoverability And Damage Process Of Ionic-Covalent Paam-Alginate Hybrid Hydrogels, Hai Xin, Hugh Ralph Brown, Sina Naficy, Geoffrey M. Spinks Jan 2016

Mechanical Recoverability And Damage Process Of Ionic-Covalent Paam-Alginate Hybrid Hydrogels, Hai Xin, Hugh Ralph Brown, Sina Naficy, Geoffrey M. Spinks

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Hydrogels consisting of interpenetrating networks of ionically and covalently crosslinked polymers showed high toughness and mechanical recoverability as a result of the dissociation and re-formation of ionic crosslinks. The present investigation aimed to provide a quantitative study on the mechanical recoverability and damage process of an example hybrid gel of calcium crosslinked alginate and covalently crosslinked polyacrylamide. Three series of load/unload tests were performed sequentially with the mechanical properties of the gel fully retrieved between the 2nd and 3rd load/unload series while only the partial recovery of mechanical properties was evident from the 1st to 2nd series. The ...


Analysis Of Laminated Crack Defect In The Upsetting Process Of Heavy Disk-Shaped Forgings, Minting Wang, Dongying Li, Fan Wang, Xinliang Zang, Xuetong Li, Hong Xiao, Fengshan Du, F C. Zhang, Zhengyi Jiang Jan 2016

Analysis Of Laminated Crack Defect In The Upsetting Process Of Heavy Disk-Shaped Forgings, Minting Wang, Dongying Li, Fan Wang, Xinliang Zang, Xuetong Li, Hong Xiao, Fengshan Du, F C. Zhang, Zhengyi Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Using nonlinear finite element method, a thermo-mechanical coupled simulation model for the formation mechanism of the laminated crack defect has been established in the upsetting of heavy disk-shaped forgings. Through numerical simulation, the distributions of stress, equivalent strain and strain rate were analysed. Meanwhile the distribution diagram of stress state evolution was obtained, and the uncoordinated deformation, under tri-lateral compression, is determined as the main reason leading to laminated crack defect. To reveal the characteristics of the uncoordinated deformation, the variations of each variable and its gradient in numerical simulation were presented, and a combined prediction model of laminated crack ...


Bottom-Up Microfabrication Process For Individually Controlled Conjugated Polymer Actuators, Alexandre Khaldi, Ali Maziz, Gursel Alici, Geoffrey M. Spinks, Edwin W. Jager Jan 2016

Bottom-Up Microfabrication Process For Individually Controlled Conjugated Polymer Actuators, Alexandre Khaldi, Ali Maziz, Gursel Alici, Geoffrey M. Spinks, Edwin W. Jager

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Handling of soft and fragile sub-millimeter sized samples such as cells and tissues requires new tools that allow delicate manipulation. Conducting polymer actuators show unique characteristics suitable to driving such manipulators, however despite their potential, the current fabrication method of the trilayer structures does not allow constructing advanced micromanipulators operating in air using this technology. Here we show a novel bottom-up microfabrication process for conjugated polymer trilayer actuators using various solid polymer electrolytes. In addition, the process design integrates contact pads, which has been an issue for small scale conducting polymer actuators. The microfabrication process starts with a patterned layer ...


Biosolids Reduction By The Oxic-Settling-Anoxic Process: Impact Of Sludge Interchange Rate, Galilee U. Semblante, Faisal I. Hai, Heriberto A. Bustamante, Nelly Guevara, William E. Price, Long D. Nghiem Jan 2016

Biosolids Reduction By The Oxic-Settling-Anoxic Process: Impact Of Sludge Interchange Rate, Galilee U. Semblante, Faisal I. Hai, Heriberto A. Bustamante, Nelly Guevara, William E. Price, Long D. Nghiem

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The impact of sludge interchange rate (SIR) on sludge reduction by oxic-settling-anoxic (OSA) process was investigated. The sludge yield of an OSA system (a sequencing batch reactor, SBR, integrated with external anoxic reactors) was compared to that of a control (an SBR attached to a single-pass aerobic digester). SIR (%) is the percentage by volume of sludge returned from the external reactor into the main bioreactor of the OSA, and was varied from 0-22%. OSA achieved greater sludge reduction when fed with unsettled sewage (sCOD=113 mg/L) rather than settled sewage (sCOD=60 mg/L). The SIR of 11% resulted ...


A New Micro Scale Fe Model Of Crystalline Materials In Micro Forming Process, Liang Luo, Haibo Xie, Dongbin Wei, Xiaogang Wang, Cunlong Zhou, Zhengyi Jiang Jan 2016

A New Micro Scale Fe Model Of Crystalline Materials In Micro Forming Process, Liang Luo, Haibo Xie, Dongbin Wei, Xiaogang Wang, Cunlong Zhou, Zhengyi Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Micro forming of metals has drawn global attention due to the increasing requirement of micro metal products. However, the size effects become significant in micro forming processes and affect the application of finite element (FE) simulation of micro forming processes. Dividing samples into small areas according to their microstructures and assigning individual properties to each small area are a possible access to micro forming simulation considering material size effects. In this study, a new model that includes both grains and their boundaries was developed based on the observed microstructures of samples. The divided subareas in the model have exact shapes ...


Etching Process Related Changes And Effects On Solid-Core Single-Mode Polymer Optical Fiber Grating, Kishore Bhowmik, Gang-Ding Peng, Yanhua Luo, Eliathamby Ambikairajah, Vedran Lovric, William R. Walsh, Ginu Rajan Jan 2016

Etching Process Related Changes And Effects On Solid-Core Single-Mode Polymer Optical Fiber Grating, Kishore Bhowmik, Gang-Ding Peng, Yanhua Luo, Eliathamby Ambikairajah, Vedran Lovric, William R. Walsh, Ginu Rajan

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Etching process related material and mechanical changes on solid-core single-mode polymer optical fiber (POF) and their influence on the characteristic properties of polymer fiber Bragg gratings (PFBGs) are studied. A poly(methyl methacrylate)-based POF is etched to different diameters, and it is experimentally demonstrated that etching can lead to a change in the Young's modulus of the fiber. It is found that etching process induced material changes of the polymer fiber can enhance the reflectivity and inherent sensitivity of PFBGs. It is demonstrated that gratings based on etched POF exhibit higher reflectivity with a shorter exposure time compared ...


In-Situ Formation And Densification Of Mgal2o4-Smalo3 Ceramics By A Single-Stage Reaction Sintering Process, Beiyue Ma, Yue Yin, Qiang Zhu, Ying Li, Guangqiang Li, Jingkun Yu Jan 2015

In-Situ Formation And Densification Of Mgal2o4-Smalo3 Ceramics By A Single-Stage Reaction Sintering Process, Beiyue Ma, Yue Yin, Qiang Zhu, Ying Li, Guangqiang Li, Jingkun Yu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Stoichiometric magnesium aluminate spinel (MgAl2O4, MA)-samarium aluminate (SmAlO3, SA) ceramics have been prepared at 1580°C for 4h from calcined magnesia (MgO), commercial alumina (Al2O3) and samarium oxide (Sm2O3) by a single-stage in-situ reaction sintering (SIRS) method. The phase compositions, microstructures, shrinkage ratio, bulk density and cold compressive strength of the MA-SA ceramics have been investigated. The ceramics with 2.5 - 7.5 wt. % Sm2O3 are composed of MA and SA phases. The microstructures of the ceramics are dense. MA particles exist as angular shape, and ...


Improving The Laboratory Learning Experience: A Process To Train And Manage Teaching Assistants, Sasha Nikolic, Peter J. Vial, Montserrat Ros, David Stirling, Christian H. Ritz Jan 2015

Improving The Laboratory Learning Experience: A Process To Train And Manage Teaching Assistants, Sasha Nikolic, Peter J. Vial, Montserrat Ros, David Stirling, Christian H. Ritz

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper describes in detail a successful training program developed for sessional (part-time or nonpermanent) laboratory demonstrators employed in the Electrical Engineering Department of an Australian university. Such demonstrators play an important role in teaching practical concepts and skills in engineering. The success of the program relies on a centralized approach coordinated by a carefully selected Laboratory Manager responsible for the recruitment, allocation, training, and development of sessional teachers, and for assessing student satisfaction with them. The paper examines the overall impact of the program on these teachers': 1) introducing laboratory material; 2) preparation; 3) communication; 4) interest in student ...


Effect Of Pre-Quenching Process On Microstructure And Mechanical Properties In A Nb-Microalloyed Low Carbon Q-P Steel, Jun Zhang, Hua Ding, Jingwei Zhao Jan 2015

Effect Of Pre-Quenching Process On Microstructure And Mechanical Properties In A Nb-Microalloyed Low Carbon Q-P Steel, Jun Zhang, Hua Ding, Jingwei Zhao

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A refined microstructure consisting of martensite and retained austenite at room temperature has been produced in a Nb-microalloyed low carbon Si-Mn steel by a novel heat-treatment, pre-quenching prior to quenching and partitioning processes (Q&Q-P). The results showed that compared with the conventional quenching and partitioning steel the mechanical properties of steel obtained by the novel treatment have been significantly improved, with a good combination of ultimate tensile strength (1000MPa) and total elongation (above 30%). Meanwhile, the volume fraction of retained austenite has been increased. It was found that the improvement of mechanical properties was mainly attributed to the enhanced ...


Micro Sheet Hydroforming Process Of Ultra-Thin Pure Titanium Foil, Hideki Sato, Kenichi Manabe, Dongbin Wei, Zhengyi Jiang, Daiki Kondo Jan 2015

Micro Sheet Hydroforming Process Of Ultra-Thin Pure Titanium Foil, Hideki Sato, Kenichi Manabe, Dongbin Wei, Zhengyi Jiang, Daiki Kondo

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A micro hydromechanical deep drawing is carried out using the pure titanium and the effect of fluid pressure on formability of pure titanium is investigated. The experiments are performed using the two kinds of pure titanium foils (TR270C-H and TR270C-O) and stainless steel foil (SUS304-H) with 50 thickness and the cylindrical and conical punches. As a result, it is found that the peeling off the oxide film of pure titanium can be reduced by applying the fluid pressure because the friction force and contact pressure between the blank and die decreases. However, the formability is lower for pure titanium than ...


Toward Resource Recovery From Wastewater: Phosphorus Extraction From Digested Sludge Using Hybrid Forward Osmosis - Membrane Distillation Process, Ming Xie, Long D. Nghiem, William E. Price, Menachem Elimelech Jan 2014

Toward Resource Recovery From Wastewater: Phosphorus Extraction From Digested Sludge Using Hybrid Forward Osmosis - Membrane Distillation Process, Ming Xie, Long D. Nghiem, William E. Price, Menachem Elimelech

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

We demonstrate the simultaneous extraction of phosphorus and clean water from digested sludge centrate using a forward osmosis (FO)−membrane distillation (MD) hybrid process. In this FO−MD hybrid process, FO concentrates orthophosphate and ammonium for subsequent phosphorus recovery in the form of struvite (MgNH4PO4·6H2O), while MD is used to recover the draw solution and extract clean water from the digested sludge centrate. A decline in water flux was observed during the FO process, but fouling was largely reversible after a brief, simple membrane flushing using deionized water. The FO process also provides an effective pretreatment capacity to the ...


A Study Of Plastic Deformation Behavior During High Pressure Torsion Process By Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Simulation, Peitang Wei, Cheng Lu, A K. Tieu, Guanyu Deng Jan 2014

A Study Of Plastic Deformation Behavior During High Pressure Torsion Process By Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Simulation, Peitang Wei, Cheng Lu, A K. Tieu, Guanyu Deng

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

High pressure torsion (HPT) is an efficient technique of producing ultrafine grained materials with exceptional small grain size. In this study, a crystal plasticity finite element method (CPFEM) model has been developed to investigate the plastic deformation behavior of pure aluminum single crystal during the HPT process. The simulation results show that, the distribution and evolution of the macroscopic plastic strain and the accumulative shear strain are similar. The value increases with the increase of the distance from the center as well as the number of revolution. The simulation is capable of reflecting the anisotropic characteristics of HPT deformation, a ...


Optimization And Application Of Process Parameters In An Az61 Alloy Twin-Roll Strip Casting, Jintao Li, Guangming Xu, Hailiang Yu, Lihong Su, Guanyu Deng, Cheng Lu, Lizi He, Huijun Li Jan 2014

Optimization And Application Of Process Parameters In An Az61 Alloy Twin-Roll Strip Casting, Jintao Li, Guangming Xu, Hailiang Yu, Lihong Su, Guanyu Deng, Cheng Lu, Lizi He, Huijun Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Twin-roll strip casting is a concerned technology for economically producing magnesium alloys sheets. In this paper, numerical simulation of the twin-roll strip casting of an AZ61 magnesium alloy was carried out and the optimal process parameters were obtained. Then, under the conditions obtained through simulation, AZ61 strips of good surface quality were successfully manufactured. The microstructure of the alloy by twin-rolled strip casting is obvious refined compared with that by conventional casting.


Analytical Solutions For Filtration Process Based On The Constriction Size Concept, Buddhima Indraratna, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn, Vo Trong Nguyen, Ashok Raut Jan 2014

Analytical Solutions For Filtration Process Based On The Constriction Size Concept, Buddhima Indraratna, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn, Vo Trong Nguyen, Ashok Raut

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper, an analytical model was proposed to describe the filtration process applicable to a base soil-filter system. The Navier-Stokes equation for porous media was used to capture the hydrodynamic behavior, while numerically a new algorithm has been proposed to solve the Navier-Stokes equation in non-linear form. The various mixtures of base particles eroded and water flow within the system was computed using the work-energy principle incorporating the constriction size of the filter. The model can assess the filtration process through the flow rate, and the accumulation and erosion of base soil within the filter. By discretising the base ...


Potential Of Fluid Pressure Use For Achieving High Formability In Micro Sheet Forming Process, Hideki Sato, Kenichi Manabe, Dongbin Wei, Zhengyi Jiang, Daiki Kondo Jan 2014

Potential Of Fluid Pressure Use For Achieving High Formability In Micro Sheet Forming Process, Hideki Sato, Kenichi Manabe, Dongbin Wei, Zhengyi Jiang, Daiki Kondo

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This study decsribesa potential offluid pressure in micro hydromechanical deep drawingto achieve high formability. The FE simulation is carried out using the stainless steel foil with 50μm thickness. The friction holding effect can be obtained by applying the fluid pressure and it becomes high at high D p/t in MHDD. By applying the counter and radial pressure in MHDD, the desired lubrication condition can be obtained and the friction force can be reduced. By the friction holding effect and lubrication effect in MHDD, the micro cups can be successful fabricated in MHDD. Consequently, it is clarify that the fluid ...


Automatic Bdi Plan Recognition From Process Execution Logs And Effect Logs, Hongyun Xu, Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu, Aditya Ghose, Evan Morrison, Qiying Cao, Youqun Shi Jan 2013

Automatic Bdi Plan Recognition From Process Execution Logs And Effect Logs, Hongyun Xu, Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu, Aditya Ghose, Evan Morrison, Qiying Cao, Youqun Shi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Agent applications are often viewed as unduly expensive to develop and maintain in commercial contexts. Organizations often settle for less sophisticated and more traditional software in place of agent technology because of (often misplaced) fears about the development and maintenance costs of agent technology, and the often mistaken perception that traditional software offers better returns on investment. This paper aims to redress this by developing a plan recognition framework for agent program learning, where behavior logs of legacy applications (or even manually executed processes) are mined to extract a 'draft' version of agent code that could eventually replace these applications ...


A Literature Review On Business Process Management, Business Process Reengineering, And Business Process Innovation, Abhijith Anand, Samuel Fosso Wamba, Denis Gnanzou Jan 2013

A Literature Review On Business Process Management, Business Process Reengineering, And Business Process Innovation, Abhijith Anand, Samuel Fosso Wamba, Denis Gnanzou

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Business process management (BPM), business process reengineering (BPR), and business process innovation (BPI) have been the primary strategies adopted by several organizations to manage their business successfully along with IT. In the last few years, the concept of BPM, BPR, and BPI has been a hot topic among the IS community, which is evident in the degree of literatures devoted to it. Due to the dynamic nature of this research area, this paper aims to add knowledge to the existing ones by answering (1) what is the current level of development on BPM, BPR, and BPI within AIS basket of ...


Analysis Of Axisymmetric Cup Forming Of Metal Foil And Micro Hydroforming Process, Hideki Sato, Kenichi Manabe, Dongbin Wei, Zhengyi Jiang Jan 2013

Analysis Of Axisymmetric Cup Forming Of Metal Foil And Micro Hydroforming Process, Hideki Sato, Kenichi Manabe, Dongbin Wei, Zhengyi Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A novel forming method "micro hydromechanical deep drawing (MHDD)" is focused to improve the tribological property and forming limit. In this study, a theoretical model for MHDD is developed to investigate the size effect on deformation behavior in micro hydromechanical deep drawing. The effects of fluid pressure, the difference of friction coefficients at inner pockets and outer pockets are considered in the investigation on the size effect of tribological property. The friction force decreases as the scale factor decreases in MHDD process. It is also found that the tribological property in micro scale can be improved by applying the fluid ...


Model Medication Management Process In Australian Nursing Homes Using Business Process Modeling, Siyu Qian, Ping Yu Jan 2013

Model Medication Management Process In Australian Nursing Homes Using Business Process Modeling, Siyu Qian, Ping Yu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

One of the reasons for end user avoidance or rejection to use health information systems is poor alignment of the system with healthcare workflow, likely causing by system designers' lack of thorough understanding about healthcare process. Therefore, understanding the healthcare workflow is the essential first step for the design of optimal technologies that will enable care staff to complete the intended tasks faster and better. The often use of multiple or "high risk" medicines by older people in nursing homes has the potential to increase medication error rate. To facilitate the design of information systems with most potential to improve ...


A Biological Process Subject To Noncompetitive Substrate Inhibition In A Generalized Flow Reactor, M I. Nelson, T Nicholls, N Hamzah Jan 2013

A Biological Process Subject To Noncompetitive Substrate Inhibition In A Generalized Flow Reactor, M I. Nelson, T Nicholls, N Hamzah

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

We analyse the steady-state operation of a continuous flow bioreactor in which the biochemical reaction is governed by noncompetitive substrate inhibition (Andrews kinetics). A generalized reactor model is used in which the well-stirred bioreactor and the idealized membrane bioreactor are special cases. As generic properties of systems subject to substrate inhibition have been obtained by other authors, we discuss reaction engineering features specific to Andrews kinetics.


Process Design Strategies For Producing Heavy Section Steel With Improved Quality, Jingwei Zhao, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Chong Soo Lee Jan 2013

Process Design Strategies For Producing Heavy Section Steel With Improved Quality, Jingwei Zhao, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Chong Soo Lee

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Uniformity of microstructure and mechanical properties is required for the heavy section steel. In the present work, a heavy section wind tower flange was manufactured by controlled ring-rolling. Post-rolling heat treatment was employed to optimize the microstructure and mechanical properties. The chemical composition, microstructure and mechanical properties in different zones of the flange were investigated. The results showed that the chemical composition and microstructure were uniformly distributed in the flange. The tensile strength showed similar values in different sampling locations. The strain and impact energies of specimens prepared along the longitudinal direction were higher than that prepared along both the ...


Investigation Of Trapping Process In “Centrifuge-On-A-Chip”, Jun Zhang, Ming Li, Weihua Li, Gursel Alici Jan 2013

Investigation Of Trapping Process In “Centrifuge-On-A-Chip”, Jun Zhang, Ming Li, Weihua Li, Gursel Alici

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

“Centrifuge-on-a-chip” is a versatile and multifunctional microfluidic chip which can conduct operations of selective trapping, enrichment, labeling and solution exchange. In this work, the mechanism of selective trapping ability was studied by both the experiments and numerical simulation. We proved the existence of shear gradient lift force in the expansion-contraction cavity and derived an explicit expression of it. Also, a numerical modeling was developed to study the trapping process of micro-particles in a “Centrifuge-on-a-chip”. The effects of flow condition and particle size on the trapping process were investigated. It demonstrates that the derived expression and developed model are suitable for ...


Occurrence Of Surface Defects On Strips During Hot Rolling Process By Fem, Hai-Liang Yu, Kiet Tieu, Cheng Lu, Guan-Yu Deng, Xiang-Hua Liu Jan 2013

Occurrence Of Surface Defects On Strips During Hot Rolling Process By Fem, Hai-Liang Yu, Kiet Tieu, Cheng Lu, Guan-Yu Deng, Xiang-Hua Liu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

During a hot rolling process, surface defects on strips can severely affect the quality of the rolled product, particularly for two conditions: (1) there are initial defects on continuous casting slabs that propagate and/or are inherited from those on the surface of rolled steels from upstream rolling processes; and (2) there are no initial defects on continuous casting slabs, and they consequently appear on the surface of rolled steels due to improper rolling technologies. In this paper, the authors present a new 3D finite element model coupled with constrained node failure to understand better the initiation and growth of ...


Modelling Of Size Effects In Microforming Process With Consideration Of Grained Heterogeneity, H N. Lu, D B. Wei, Z Y. Jiang, X H. Liu, K Manabe Jan 2013

Modelling Of Size Effects In Microforming Process With Consideration Of Grained Heterogeneity, H N. Lu, D B. Wei, Z Y. Jiang, X H. Liu, K Manabe

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Size effect is a special phenomenon in metal micro-forming process. As the deformation process is scale down to micro/mesoscale, the characteristics of single grain involved in the deformed region play a significant role on the material mechanical behaviours resulting in the invalidation of classical theories in microforming. This paper presents a newly developed material model in microscale on the basis of the grained heterogeneity (e.g. grain size, shape and deformability) and specimen dimension. Voronoi tessellation has been employed to describe the polycrystalline aggregate. The grain shape is controlled by the centroidal-voronoi algorithm to drive grains into steady state ...


Analytical Solutions For Filtration Process Based On Constriction Size Concept, Vo Trong Nguyen, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn, Buddhima Indraratna Jan 2013

Analytical Solutions For Filtration Process Based On Constriction Size Concept, Vo Trong Nguyen, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn, Buddhima Indraratna

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

An analytical model is proposed to describe the filtration process applicable to a base soil-filter system. The Navier-Stokes equations for porous media are used to capture the hydrodynamic behavior, whereas, numerically, a new algorithm is proposed to solve the Navier-Stokes equation in a nonlinear form. The various mixtures of base soil particles eroded and water flow within the system are computed using the workenergy principle incorporating the constriction size of the filter.The model can assess the filtration process through the flowrate and the accumulation and redistribution of fine particles within the filter. By discretizing the base soil and filter ...


A Forward Osmosis-Membrane Distillation Hybrid Process For Direct Sewer Mining: System Performance And Limitations, Ming Xie, Long D. Nghiem, William E. Price, Menachem Elimelech Jan 2013

A Forward Osmosis-Membrane Distillation Hybrid Process For Direct Sewer Mining: System Performance And Limitations, Ming Xie, Long D. Nghiem, William E. Price, Menachem Elimelech

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This study demonstrates the robustness and treatment capacity of a forward osmosis (FO)-membrane distillation (MD) hybrid system for small-scale decentralized sewer mining. A stable water flux was realized using a laboratory-scale FO-MD hybrid system operating continuously with raw sewage as the feed at water recovery up to 80%. The hybrid system also showed an excellent capacity for the removal of trace organic contaminants (TrOCs), with removal rates ranging from 91 to 98%. The results suggest that TrOC transport through the FO membrane is governed by "solute-membrane" interaction, whereas that through the MD membrane is strongly correlated to TrOC volatility ...


Multi-Factor Coupling System Characteristic Of The Dynamic Roll Gap In The High-Speed Rolling Mill During The Unsteady Lubrication Process, Qiaoyi Wang, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Min Fang Jan 2013

Multi-Factor Coupling System Characteristic Of The Dynamic Roll Gap In The High-Speed Rolling Mill During The Unsteady Lubrication Process, Qiaoyi Wang, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Min Fang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In the present work, a multi-factor coupling dynamic model of a rolling mill system for a dynamic roll gap during an unsteady lubrication process was developed on the basis of the rolling theory, lubrication and the friction theory, and the mechanical vibration theory. The multi-factor coupling model of interfacial film binding was coupled with the rolling force model, dynamic roll gap interface friction model and work roll movement model. The corresponding distributions of friction and pressure at varying surface roughness and times were systematically analyzed during the unsteady mixed lubrication process. The effects of the main processing parameters on the ...


Finite Element Analysis Of Roll Bit Behaviors In Cold Foil Rolling Process, Liang Hao, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Xiawei Cheng Jan 2013

Finite Element Analysis Of Roll Bit Behaviors In Cold Foil Rolling Process, Liang Hao, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Xiawei Cheng

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

To investigate roll bite behaviors in cold foil rolling process, a 2D elasto-plastic finite model is established using FEM software ABAQUS. Contact pressure distribution and roll contour in roll bite are also presented, which demonstrate that foil rolling process is different from conventional strip rolling process. The contact area is composed of entry elastic zone, entry plastic zone, an extensive neutral zone, exit plastic zone and exit elastic zone. It conforms to the results of Fleck foil rolling theory. Elastic deformation and work hardening of foil in roll bite are taken into account. The effect of rolling parameters, such as ...