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Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

High

2013

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Scalable Unsupervised Feature Merging Approach To Efficient Dimensionality Reduction Of High-Dimensional Visual Data, Lingqiao Liu, Lei Wang Jan 2013

A Scalable Unsupervised Feature Merging Approach To Efficient Dimensionality Reduction Of High-Dimensional Visual Data, Lingqiao Liu, Lei Wang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

To achieve a good trade-off between recognition accuracy and computational efficiency, it is often needed to reduce high-dimensional visual data to medium-dimensional ones. For this task, even applying a simple full-matrix-based linear projection causes significant computation and memory use. When the number of visual data is large, how to efficiently learn such a projection could even become a problem. The recent feature merging approach offers an efficient way to reduce the dimensionality, which only requires a single scan of features to perform reduction. However, existing merging algorithms do not scale well with high-dimensional data, especially in the unsupervised case. To ...


Parametric Study On Chain-Die Forming For Advanced High Strength Steels, Yuankun Zhang, Shichao Ding Jan 2013

Parametric Study On Chain-Die Forming For Advanced High Strength Steels, Yuankun Zhang, Shichao Ding

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

As the applications of AHSS for the automotive industry are increasing significantly within the last decade, it becomes more and more important to develop a new forming technology as an alternative or even a replacement to roll forming to overcome the difficulties and problems of manufacturing the AHSS parts. The springback of the material with higher strength and thinner thickness becomes more difficult to predict, which directly affects the application of roll forming in AHSS. Chain-die forming, as an alternative to roll forming proposed and developed recently in Australia, is expected to be a solution to the problems addressed. It ...


Dynamic Testing Of Tekseal High Yield Grout To Provide An Orepass Plug Designed For Impact, I V. S Mutton, Alexander Remennikov, D Pateman Jan 2013

Dynamic Testing Of Tekseal High Yield Grout To Provide An Orepass Plug Designed For Impact, I V. S Mutton, Alexander Remennikov, D Pateman

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Significant wear in orepasses particularly in the brow and chute areas is proportional to the tonnage throughput with increased wear associated with running orepasses empty. During planned shutdowns it may be necessary to isolate maintenance crews from objects falling from orepasses. In the last 15 years grout orepass plugs that can later be easily removed have been poured above chute maintenance areas. These provide protection from high energy impact and isolating workers from the hazard. Construction and removal methods will be briefly explained. Since it is not feasible to investigate the problem of orepass plug impact response using full-scale experimental ...


The Feasibility Study And Characterziation Of A Two-Dimensional Diode Array In “Magic Phantom” For High Dose Rate Brachytherapy Quality Assurance, A Espinoza, B Beeksma, M Petasecca, I Fuduli, C Porumb, D L. Cutajar, S Corde, M A. Jackson, M Lf Lerch, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Jan 2013

The Feasibility Study And Characterziation Of A Two-Dimensional Diode Array In “Magic Phantom” For High Dose Rate Brachytherapy Quality Assurance, A Espinoza, B Beeksma, M Petasecca, I Fuduli, C Porumb, D L. Cutajar, S Corde, M A. Jackson, M Lf Lerch, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

High dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy is a radiation treatment technique capable of delivering large dose rates to the tumor. Radiation is delivered using remote afterloaders to drive highly active sources (commonly 192Ir with an air KERMA strength range between 20 000 and 40 000 U, where 1 U = 1 uGy m2/h in air) through applicators directly into the patient's prescribed region of treatment. Due to the obvious ramifications of incorrect treatment while using such an active source, it is essential that there are methods for quality assurance (QA) that can directly and accurately verify the treatment plan and ...


On-Chip High Sensitivity Laser Frequency Sensing With Brillouin Mutually-Modulated Cross-Gain Modulation, Feng Gao, R Pant, Enbang Li, Christopher G. Poulton, D Choi, Stephen J. Madden, B Luther-Davies, Benjamin Eggleton Jan 2013

On-Chip High Sensitivity Laser Frequency Sensing With Brillouin Mutually-Modulated Cross-Gain Modulation, Feng Gao, R Pant, Enbang Li, Christopher G. Poulton, D Choi, Stephen J. Madden, B Luther-Davies, Benjamin Eggleton

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

We report the first demonstration of a photonic-chip laser frequency sensor using Brillouin mutually-modulated cross-gain modulation (MMXGM). A large sensitivity (∼9.5 mrad/kHz) of the modulation phase shift to probe carrier frequency is demonstrated at a modulation frequency of 50 kHz using Brillouin MMXGM in a ∼7 cm long chalcogenide rib waveguide. © 2013 Optical Society of America.


A High Performance Peer To Cloud And Peer Model Augmented With Hierarchical Secure Communications, Zhe Sun, Jun Shen Jan 2013

A High Performance Peer To Cloud And Peer Model Augmented With Hierarchical Secure Communications, Zhe Sun, Jun Shen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper presents a secure storage model named Peer to Cloud and Peer (P2CP). P2CP uses the cloud storage system as a backbone storage system. However, when data transmission occurs, the data nodes, cloud user, and the non-cloud user are involved to complete the transaction all together. The users, typically the client peers, can communicate with each other directly, thus bypassing servers on the cloud. Similarly, cloud servers can communicate with each other in a P2P mode. We also introduce a "hierarchy security" method to guarantee the data security in the proposed P2CP storage model. A key feature of our ...


Free-Standing Nanocomposites With High Conductivity And Extensibility, Kyoung-Yong Chun, Shi Hyeong Kim, Min Kyoon Shin, Youn Tae Kim, Geoffrey M. Spinks, Ali E. Aliev, Ray H. Baughman, Seon Jeong Kim Jan 2013

Free-Standing Nanocomposites With High Conductivity And Extensibility, Kyoung-Yong Chun, Shi Hyeong Kim, Min Kyoon Shin, Youn Tae Kim, Geoffrey M. Spinks, Ali E. Aliev, Ray H. Baughman, Seon Jeong Kim

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The prospect of electronic circuits that are stretchable and bendable promises tantalizing applications such as skin-like electronics, roll-up displays, conformable sensors and actuators, and lightweight solar cells. The preparation of highly conductive and highly extensible materials remains a challenge for mass production applications, such as free-standing films or printable composite inks. Here we present a nanocomposite material consisting of carbon nanotubes, ionic liquid, silver nanoparticles, and polystyrene- polyisoprene-polystyrene having a high electrical conductivity of 3700 S cm -1 that can be stretched to 288% without permanent damage. The material is prepared as a concentrated dispersion suitable for simple processing into ...


Graphene Micro-Substrate Induced High Electron-Phonon Coupling In Mgb2, W X. Li, X Xu, K S. B De Silva, F X. Xiang, S X. Dou Jan 2013

Graphene Micro-Substrate Induced High Electron-Phonon Coupling In Mgb2, W X. Li, X Xu, K S. B De Silva, F X. Xiang, S X. Dou

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Electron-phonon coupling strength was studied in graphene-MgB2 composites to explore the possibilities for a higher superconducting transition temperature (Tc). For the first time in the experimental work on MgB2, the Raman active E2g mode was split into two parts: a softened mode corresponding to tensile strain and a hardened mode attributed to the carbon substitution effect. The tensile strain effect is suggested to improve Tc of graphene-MgB2 composites because it increases the electron-phonon coupling strength of MgB2.


High-Throughput Particle Manipulation By Hydrodynamic, Electrokinetic, And Dielectrophoretic Effects In An Integrated Microfluidic Chip, Shunbo Li, Ming Li, Kristelle Bougot-Robin, Wenbin Cao, Irene Yeung Chau, Weihua Li, Weijia Wen Jan 2013

High-Throughput Particle Manipulation By Hydrodynamic, Electrokinetic, And Dielectrophoretic Effects In An Integrated Microfluidic Chip, Shunbo Li, Ming Li, Kristelle Bougot-Robin, Wenbin Cao, Irene Yeung Chau, Weihua Li, Weijia Wen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Integrating different steps on a chip for cell manipulations and sample preparation is of foremost importance to fully take advantage of microfluidic possibilities, and therefore make tests faster, cheaper and more accurate. We demonstrated particle manipulation in an integrated microfluidic device by applying hydrodynamic, electroosmotic (EO), electrophoretic (EP), and dielectrophoretic (DEP) forces. The process involves generation of fluid flow by pressure difference, particle trapping by DEP force, and particle redirect by EO and EP forces. Both DC and AC signals were applied, taking advantages of DC EP, EO and AC DEP for on-chip particle manipulation. Since different types of particles ...


The Asian Evolution Of High Speed Rail, Philip G. Laird Jan 2013

The Asian Evolution Of High Speed Rail, Philip G. Laird

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In Australia, in 2001, the Howard government released an East Coast HSR Scoping Study. This followed two major investigations by the private sector into HSR options for Australia; the first being a Sydney Canberra Melbourne Very Fast Train as proposed in 1984 by CSIRO, and the second being the Sydney Canberra Speed HSR proposal.


Development Of Safe Optimized Welding Procedures For High Strength Q&T Steel Welded With Austenitic Consumables, Lenka Kuzmikova, Huijun Li, John Norrish, Zengxi Stephen Pan, Nathan Larkin Jan 2013

Development Of Safe Optimized Welding Procedures For High Strength Q&T Steel Welded With Austenitic Consumables, Lenka Kuzmikova, Huijun Li, John Norrish, Zengxi Stephen Pan, Nathan Larkin

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

High strength quenched and tempered (Q&T) steels offer obvious economic benefits originating from their advantageous strength to price and weight ratios. These steels are usually welded using ferritic consumables and for this combination the risk of hydrogen assisted cold cracking (HACC) is high. The use of austenitic stainless steel (ASS) consumables has great potential to significantly improve this issue. Yet, there are no guidelines for determination of safe level of preheat for welding ferritic steels with ASS consumables. For this reason manufacturers adopt this parameter from procedures developed for conventional ferritic consumables thus significantly limiting the benefits ASS consumables ...


Addressing Retained Austenite Stability In Advanced High Strength Steels, Elena V. Pereloma, Azdiar A. Gazder, Ilana B. Timokhina Jan 2013

Addressing Retained Austenite Stability In Advanced High Strength Steels, Elena V. Pereloma, Azdiar A. Gazder, Ilana B. Timokhina

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Advances in the development of new high strength steels have resulted in microstructures containing significant volume fractions of retained austenite. The transformation of retained austenite to martensite upon straining contributes towards improving the ductility. However, in order to gain from the above beneficial effect, the volume fraction, size, morphology and distribution of the retained austenite need to be controlled. In this regard, it is well known that carbon concentration in the retained austenite is responsible for its chemical stability, whereas its size and morphology determines its mechanical stability. Thus, to achieve the required mechanical properties, control of the processing parameters ...


A Unique Sandwich-Structured C/Ge/Graphene Nanocomposite As An Anode Material For High Power Lithium Ion Batteries, Dan Li, Kuok H. Seng, Dongqi Shi, Zhixin Chen, Hua-Kun Liu, Zaiping Guo Jan 2013

A Unique Sandwich-Structured C/Ge/Graphene Nanocomposite As An Anode Material For High Power Lithium Ion Batteries, Dan Li, Kuok H. Seng, Dongqi Shi, Zhixin Chen, Hua-Kun Liu, Zaiping Guo

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A unique sandwich-structured C/Ge/graphene composite with germanium nanoparticles trapped between graphene sheets is prepared by a microwave-assisted solvothermal reaction followed by carbon coating and thermal reduction. The graphene sheets are found to be effective in hindering the growth and aggregation of GeO2 nanoparticles. More importantly, the graphene sheets, coupled with the carbon coating, can buffer the volume changes of germanium in electrochemical lithium reactions. The unique sandwich structure features a highly conductive network of carbon, which can improve both the conductivity and the structural stability of the electrode material, and exemplifies a promising strategy for the development of ...


Improving The Critical Speeds Of High-Speed Trains Using Magnetorheological Technology, Shuaishuai Sun, Huaxia Deng, Weihua Li, Haiping Du, Yi Qing Ni, Jin Zhang, Jian Yang Jan 2013

Improving The Critical Speeds Of High-Speed Trains Using Magnetorheological Technology, Shuaishuai Sun, Huaxia Deng, Weihua Li, Haiping Du, Yi Qing Ni, Jin Zhang, Jian Yang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

With the rapid development of high-speed railways, vibration control for maintaining stability, passenger comfort, and safety has become an important area of research. In order to investigate the mechanism of train vibration, the critical speeds of various DOFs with respect to suspension stiffness and damping are first calculated and analyzed based on its dynamic equations. Then, the sensitivity of the critical speed is studied by analyzing the influence of different suspension parameters. On the basis of these analyses, a conclusion is drawn that secondary lateral damping is the most sensitive suspension damper. Subsequently, the secondary lateral dampers are replaced with ...


Multi-Factor Coupling System Characteristic Of The Dynamic Roll Gap In The High-Speed Rolling Mill During The Unsteady Lubrication Process, Qiaoyi Wang, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Min Fang Jan 2013

Multi-Factor Coupling System Characteristic Of The Dynamic Roll Gap In The High-Speed Rolling Mill During The Unsteady Lubrication Process, Qiaoyi Wang, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Min Fang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In the present work, a multi-factor coupling dynamic model of a rolling mill system for a dynamic roll gap during an unsteady lubrication process was developed on the basis of the rolling theory, lubrication and the friction theory, and the mechanical vibration theory. The multi-factor coupling model of interfacial film binding was coupled with the rolling force model, dynamic roll gap interface friction model and work roll movement model. The corresponding distributions of friction and pressure at varying surface roughness and times were systematically analyzed during the unsteady mixed lubrication process. The effects of the main processing parameters on the ...


Transmit Antenna Subset Selection With Power Balancing For High Data Rate Mimo-Ofdm Uwb Systems, Ngoc Phuc Le, Le Chung Tran, Farzad Safaei Jan 2013

Transmit Antenna Subset Selection With Power Balancing For High Data Rate Mimo-Ofdm Uwb Systems, Ngoc Phuc Le, Le Chung Tran, Farzad Safaei

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper proposes per-subcarrier transmit antenna subset selection with power balancing for MIMO-OFDM UWB systems to simultaneously improve the system error performance and increase data rates. The deployment of the per-subcarrier antenna subset selection may result in a power unbalance across antennas, which could cause power amplifiers (PAs) to operate in their non-linear regions. To overcome this disadvantage, we formulate a linear optimization problem for the optimal allocation of data subcarriers under a constraint that all antennas have the same number of assigned data symbols. This optimization problem could be applied to systems with an arbitrary number of multiplexed data ...


Spherical, Cylindrical And Tetrahedral Symmetries; Hydrogenic States At High Magnetic Field In Si:P, R A. Lewis, A Bruno-Alfonso, G V B De Souza, R E M Vickers, J A Colla, E Constable Jan 2013

Spherical, Cylindrical And Tetrahedral Symmetries; Hydrogenic States At High Magnetic Field In Si:P, R A. Lewis, A Bruno-Alfonso, G V B De Souza, R E M Vickers, J A Colla, E Constable

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Phosphorous donors in silicon have an electronic structure that mimics the hydrogen atom, albeit on a larger length, smaller energy and smaller magnetic field scale. While the hydrogen atom is spherically symmetric, an applied magnetic field imposes cylindrical symmetry, and the solid-state analogue involves, in addition, the symmetry of the Si crystal. For one magnetic field direction, all six conduction-band valleys of Si:P become equivalent. New experimental data to high laboratory fields (30 T), supported by new calculations, demonstrate that this high symmetry field orientation allows the most direct comparison with free hydrogen.


An Investigation Into Electron Scattering From Pyrazine At Intermediate And High Energies, A G. Sanz, M C. Fuss, Francisco Blanco, J D. Gorfinkiel, D Almeida, F. Ferreira Da Silva, P Limao-Vieira, M J. Brunger, G Garcia Jan 2013

An Investigation Into Electron Scattering From Pyrazine At Intermediate And High Energies, A G. Sanz, M C. Fuss, Francisco Blanco, J D. Gorfinkiel, D Almeida, F. Ferreira Da Silva, P Limao-Vieira, M J. Brunger, G Garcia

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Total electron scattering cross sections for pyrazine in the energy range 10-500 eV have been measured with a new magnetically confined electron transmission-beam apparatus. Theoretical differential and integral elastic, as well as integral inelastic, cross sections have been calculated by means of a screening-corrected form of the independent-atom representation (IAM-SCAR) from 10 to 1000 eV incident electron energies. The present experimental and theoretical total cross sections show a good level of agreement, to within 10%, in the overlapping energy range. Consistency of these results with previous calculations (i.e., the R-matrix and Schwinger Multichannel methods) and elastic scattering measurements at ...


Online In Vivo Dosimetry In High Dose Rate Prostate Brchytherapy With Moskin Detectors: In Phantom Feasibility Study, G Gambarini, M Carrara, C Tenconi, N Mantaut, M Borroni, D Cutajar, M Petasecca, I Fuduli, M Lerch, E Pignoli, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Jan 2013

Online In Vivo Dosimetry In High Dose Rate Prostate Brchytherapy With Moskin Detectors: In Phantom Feasibility Study, G Gambarini, M Carrara, C Tenconi, N Mantaut, M Borroni, D Cutajar, M Petasecca, I Fuduli, M Lerch, E Pignoli, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

MOSkin detectors were studied to perform real-time in vivo dose measurements in high dose rate prostate brachytherapy. Measurements were performed inside an urethral catheter in a gel phantom simulating a real prostate implant. Measured and expected doses were compared and the discrepancy was found to be within 8.9% and 3.8% for single MOSkin and dual-MOSkin configurations, respectively. Results show that dual-MOSkin detectors can be profitably adopted in prostate brachytherapy treatments to perform real-time in vivo dosimetry inside the urethra.