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Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Energy

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Development Of Microencapsulated Phase Change Material For Solar Thermal Energy Storage, Weiguang Su, Jo Darkwa, Georgios Kokogiannakis Jan 2017

Development Of Microencapsulated Phase Change Material For Solar Thermal Energy Storage, Weiguang Su, Jo Darkwa, Georgios Kokogiannakis

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper a novel microencapsulated phase change material (MF-3) has been developed and tested for solar assisted hot water storage systems. Even though the morphology of the sample was affected by the type of emulsifier used for fabrication it recorded the highest energy storage capacity of 126 kJ/kg with encapsulation efficiency of 97.4% as compared with other developed samples. For the purpose of assessing its thermal effectiveness it was theoretically evaluated in a compacted fixed bed TES unit and found to be capable of achieving a higher energy storage density as well as relatively smaller physical storage ...


Hybrid Model Predictive Control Of A Residential Hvac System With On-Site Thermal Energy Generation And Storage, Massimo Fiorentini, Josh Wall, Zhenjun Ma, Julio H. Braslavsky, Paul Cooper Jan 2017

Hybrid Model Predictive Control Of A Residential Hvac System With On-Site Thermal Energy Generation And Storage, Massimo Fiorentini, Josh Wall, Zhenjun Ma, Julio H. Braslavsky, Paul Cooper

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper describes the development, implementation and experimental investigation of a Hybrid Model Predictive Control (HMPC) strategy to control solar-assisted heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems with on-site thermal energy generation and storage. A comprehensive approach to the thermal energy management of a residential building is presented to optimise the scheduling of the available thermal energy resources to meet a comfort objective. The system has a hybrid nature with both continuous variables and discrete, logic-driven operating modes. The proposed control strategy is organized in two hierarchical levels. At the high-level, an HMPC controller with a 24-h prediction horizon and a ...


Performance Analysis Of A Magnetorheological Damper With Energy Harvesting Ability, Guoliang Hu, Yun Lu, Shuaishuai Sun, Weihua Li Jan 2016

Performance Analysis Of A Magnetorheological Damper With Energy Harvesting Ability, Guoliang Hu, Yun Lu, Shuaishuai Sun, Weihua Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A magnetorheological (MR) damper with energy harvesting ability was proposed based on electromagnetic induction (EMI) principle. The energy harvesting part was composed of a permanent magnet array and inducing coils which move vertically. This device could act as a linear power generator when the external excitation was applied, and the kinetic energy could be converted into electrical energy due to the relative linear motion between the magnets array and the inducing coils. Finite element models of both the MR damper part and the linear power generator part were built up separately to address the magnetic flux distributions, the magnetic flux ...


Effect Of Grain Size On Springback And System Energy In Micro V-Bending With Phosphor Bronze Foil, Zhi Fang, Zhengyi Jiang, Xiaogang Wang, Cunlong Zhou, Xianming Zhao, Xiaoming Zhang, Di Wu Jan 2016

Effect Of Grain Size On Springback And System Energy In Micro V-Bending With Phosphor Bronze Foil, Zhi Fang, Zhengyi Jiang, Xiaogang Wang, Cunlong Zhou, Xianming Zhao, Xiaoming Zhang, Di Wu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper, the effect of grain size on springback in the micro V-bending process of phosphor bronze foil (face-centered cubic structure) is investigated. Grain size effect is expressed by the ratio of material thickness (T) to average grain size (D), and these T/D values are divided into three groups: larger than 1, less than 1, and approximately equal to 1. It has been found that springback angles were the lowest when T/D ≈ 1. Electron backscattering diffraction (EBSD) measurement results show that the twinning boundaries change with the ratios of T/D before and after bending. When T ...


Integration Of Plug-In Electric Vehicles Into Microgrids As Energy And Reactive Power Providers In Market Environment, Abdorreza Rabiee, Hassan Feshki Farahani, Mohammad Khalili, Jamshid Aghaei, Kashem M. Muttaqi Jan 2016

Integration Of Plug-In Electric Vehicles Into Microgrids As Energy And Reactive Power Providers In Market Environment, Abdorreza Rabiee, Hassan Feshki Farahani, Mohammad Khalili, Jamshid Aghaei, Kashem M. Muttaqi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The concept of electricity markets in the deregulated environment generally refers to energy market and reactive power market is not paid attention as much as it deserves to. However, reactive power plays an important role in distribution networks to improve network conditions such as voltage profile improvement and loss reduction. Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) are mobile sources of active and reactive power, capable of being participated in energy market, and also in reactive power market without battery degradation. Active and reactive powers are coupled through the ac power flow equations and branch loading limits, as well as PEVs and synchronous ...


Comparison Of Resting Energy Expenditure Between Cancer Subjects And Healthy Controls: A Meta-Analysis, Thi Yen Vi Nguyen, Marijka Batterham, Cheree Edwards Jan 2016

Comparison Of Resting Energy Expenditure Between Cancer Subjects And Healthy Controls: A Meta-Analysis, Thi Yen Vi Nguyen, Marijka Batterham, Cheree Edwards

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

There is conflicting evidence surrounding the extent of changes in resting energy expenditure (REE) in cancer. This meta-analysis aimed to establish the mean difference in REE, as kilojoules per kilogram fat-free mass, among cancer patients when compared to healthy control subjects. The secondary aim was to determine differences among different cancer types. PubMed, Cochrane Library, Medline, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science, Wiley Online Library, and ProQuest Central were searched from the earliest records until March 2014. Studies were included if measured REE was reported as kilojoules or kilocalories per kilogram fat-free mass (FFM) in adult subjects with cancer. Twenty-seven ...


Evaluating Energy Consumption Of Air Gap Membrane Distillation For Seawater Desalination At Pilot Scale Level, Hung Duong, Paul Cooper, Bart Nelemans, Tzahi Y. Cath, Long D. Nghiem Jan 2016

Evaluating Energy Consumption Of Air Gap Membrane Distillation For Seawater Desalination At Pilot Scale Level, Hung Duong, Paul Cooper, Bart Nelemans, Tzahi Y. Cath, Long D. Nghiem

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This study aimed to optimise an air gap membrane distillation (AGMD) system for seawater desalination with respect to distillate production as well as thermal and electrical energy consumption. Pilot evaluation data shows a notable influence of evaporator inlet temperature and water circulation rate on process performance. An increase in both distillate production rate and energy efficiency could be obtained by increasing the evaporator inlet temperature. On the other hand, there was a trade-off between the distillate production rate and energy efficiency when the water circulation rate varied. Increasing the water circulation rate resulted in an improvement in the distillate production ...


A Review Of Topologies Of Three-Port Dc-Dc Converters For The Integration Of Renewable Energy And Energy Storage System, Neng Zhang, Danny Sutanto, Kashem M. Muttaqi Jan 2016

A Review Of Topologies Of Three-Port Dc-Dc Converters For The Integration Of Renewable Energy And Energy Storage System, Neng Zhang, Danny Sutanto, Kashem M. Muttaqi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The application of renewable energy such as solar photovoltaic (PV), wind and fuel cells is becoming increasingly popular because of the environmental awareness and advances in technology coupled with decreasing manufacturing cost. Power electronic converters are usually used to convert the power from the renewable sources to match the load demand and grid requirement to improve the dynamic and steady-state characteristics of these green generation systems, to provide the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control, and to integrate the energy storage system to solve the challenge of the intermittent nature of the renewable energy and the unpredictability of the load ...


Renewable Energy Management In A Remote Area Using Modified Gravitational Search Algorithm, Sahand Ghavidel, Jamshid Aghaei, Kashem M. Muttaqi, Alireza Heidari Jan 2016

Renewable Energy Management In A Remote Area Using Modified Gravitational Search Algorithm, Sahand Ghavidel, Jamshid Aghaei, Kashem M. Muttaqi, Alireza Heidari

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper, a small remote area which is located in Nigeria has been considered as a model to be tested by a managing scheme for providing both electricity and water. In this strategy, the groundwater is pumped into a water tank which can be later used for supplying required irrigation and drinking water. A PAT (Pump as Turbine) is used as a hybrid system for supplying electricity and water as well as storing water in the water tank. Also, a PV (photovoltaic plant), a package of batteries (BAT) in addition to a diesel ICE (internal combustion engine) are used ...


Internal Energy Transfer In Dynamical Behavior Of Slightly Curved Shear Deformable Microplates, Mergen H. Ghayesh, Hamed Farokhi, Gursel Alici Jan 2016

Internal Energy Transfer In Dynamical Behavior Of Slightly Curved Shear Deformable Microplates, Mergen H. Ghayesh, Hamed Farokhi, Gursel Alici

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper investigates the internal energy transfer and modal interactions in the dynamical behavior of slightly curved microplates. Employing the third-order shear deformation theory, the microplate model is developed taking into account geometric nonlinearities as well as the modified couple stress theory; the initial curvature is modeled by an initial imperfection in the out-of-plane direction. The in-plane displacements and inertia are retained, and the coupled out-of-plane, rotational, and in-plane motion characteristics are analyzed. Specifically, continuous models are developed for kinetic and potential energies as well as damping and external works; these are balanced and reduced via Lagrange's equations along ...


Antenna Selection Strategies For Mimo-Ofdm Wireless Systems: An Energy-Efficiency Perspective, Ngoc Phuc Le, Farzad Safaei, Le Chung Tran Jan 2016

Antenna Selection Strategies For Mimo-Ofdm Wireless Systems: An Energy-Efficiency Perspective, Ngoc Phuc Le, Farzad Safaei, Le Chung Tran

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper, we investigate antenna selection strategies for MIMO-OFDM wireless systems from an energy efficiency perspective. We first derive closed-form expressions of the energy efficiency and the energy efficiency- spectral efficiency (EE-SE) trade-off in conventional antenna selection MIMO-OFDM systems. The obtained results show that these systems suffer from a significant loss in energy efficiency. To achieve a better energy-efficiency performance, we propose an adaptive antenna selection method where both the number of active RF (radio frequency) chains and the antenna indices are selected depending on the channel condition. This selection scheme could be implemented by an exhaustive search technique ...


Design And Development Of A Parametrically Excited Nonlinear Energy Harvester, Tanju Yildirim, Mergen H. Ghayesh, Weihua Li, Gursel Alici Jan 2016

Design And Development Of A Parametrically Excited Nonlinear Energy Harvester, Tanju Yildirim, Mergen H. Ghayesh, Weihua Li, Gursel Alici

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

An energy harvester has been designed, fabricated and tested based on the nonlinear dynamical response of a parametrically excited clamped-clamped beam with a central point-mass; magnets have been used as the central point-mass which pass through a coil when parametrically excited. Experiments have been conducted for the energy harvester when the system is excited (i) harmonically near the primary resonance; (ii) harmonically near the principal parametric resonance; (iii) by means of a non-smooth periodic excitation. An electrodynamic shaker was used to parametrically excite the system and the corresponding displacement of the magnet and output voltages of the coil were measured ...


Synchrotron Activation Radiotherapy: Effects Of Dose-Rate And Energy Spectra To Tantalum Oxide Nanoparticles Selective Tumour Cell Radiosensitization Enhancement, Elette Engels, Michael L. F Lerch, Moeava Tehei, Konstantin K. Konstantinov, Susanna Guatelli, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld, Stephanie Corde Jan 2016

Synchrotron Activation Radiotherapy: Effects Of Dose-Rate And Energy Spectra To Tantalum Oxide Nanoparticles Selective Tumour Cell Radiosensitization Enhancement, Elette Engels, Michael L. F Lerch, Moeava Tehei, Konstantin K. Konstantinov, Susanna Guatelli, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld, Stephanie Corde

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Synchrotron radiation is unique in its ability to deliver dose at high dose rates using kiloelectronvolt photons. We are investigating the use of Tantalum pentoxide (Ta2O5) nano-structured particles (NSPs) that are to date unexplored in synchrotron radiation fields as they have high atomic number (Z=73) are biocompatible and are therefore potential radio sensitizers. We exposed cell culture flasks containing 9L gliosarcoma tumour cells or Madin-Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) non-tumour cells to the NSPs and treated the cells using a broad synchrotron beam (140 keV median energy; average dose rate of 50 Gy/s) at the Australian Synchrotron. We compare ...


Energy Analysis Of Net Zero Energy Buildings: A Case Study, Joel Anderson, Duane A. Robinson, Zhenjun Ma Jan 2016

Energy Analysis Of Net Zero Energy Buildings: A Case Study, Joel Anderson, Duane A. Robinson, Zhenjun Ma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The building sector is a significant contributor to global energy usage and environmental emissions. Advanced building design, optimal selection and sizing of building components, and energy efficient operation are among the key ways of significantly reducing overall building energy demand. Achieving reduction in energy demand is a key directive of the net zero energy building concept. Building designs dedicated to meeting net zero energy building requirements are becoming more commonplace as a path towards reducing the overall emissions from the built environment. This work analyses the energy demand of a net zero energy office building and compares it with a ...


Working In Partnership To Develop Engineering Capacity In Energy Efficiency, Cheryl Desha, Duane A. Robinson, Alistair Sproul Jan 2015

Working In Partnership To Develop Engineering Capacity In Energy Efficiency, Cheryl Desha, Duane A. Robinson, Alistair Sproul

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Energy efficiency is a complex topic to integrate into higher education curricula, with limited success internationally or in Australia. This paper discusses one of the successful initiatives within the Energy Efficiency Training Program, which was jointly managed and implemented by the New South Wales Office of Environment and Heritage and Department of Education and Communities. The state government initiative aimed to increase the knowledge and skills of the New South Wales workforce, help business to identify and implement energy efficiency projects, and provide professional development for the training providers. Key sectors targeted included property, construction, manufacturing and services. The Program ...


Effective Utilization Of Excess Energy In Standalone Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems For Improving Comfort Ability And Reducing Cost Of Energy: A Review And Analysis, M Ismail Ismail, Mahmoud Moghavvemi, T Mahlia, Kashem M. Muttaqi, S Moghavvemi Jan 2015

Effective Utilization Of Excess Energy In Standalone Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems For Improving Comfort Ability And Reducing Cost Of Energy: A Review And Analysis, M Ismail Ismail, Mahmoud Moghavvemi, T Mahlia, Kashem M. Muttaqi, S Moghavvemi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

One of the features that characterize renewable energy sources is their variability and intermittency. Intermittency covers both the predictable and unpredictable variations of their power outputs and uncertainty in the power availability. To overcome the drawback of intermittency, special design considerations should be taken into account. These additional design considerations increases the overall cost of the renewable energy systems. Adding storage system and/or backup source to the renewable sources is one of the measures used to guarantee the continuity of power supply to the loads, and therefore improve the reliability of the renewable energy systems. The operation of renewable ...


Alleviation Of Neutral-To-Ground Potential Rise Under Unbalanced Allocation Of Rooftop Pv Using Distributed Energy Storage, Md Jan E Alam, Kashem M. Muttaqi, Danny Sutanto Jan 2015

Alleviation Of Neutral-To-Ground Potential Rise Under Unbalanced Allocation Of Rooftop Pv Using Distributed Energy Storage, Md Jan E Alam, Kashem M. Muttaqi, Danny Sutanto

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A high penetration of one-phase rooftop solar photovoltaic (PV) units with unbalanced allocation can create considerable neutral current and neutral potential rise in low voltage (LV) four-wire multigrounded distribution networks, even with balanced loads. Because of the limitations of traditional strategies to mitigate the combined effect of load and PV unbalance, this paper proposes the use of distributed energy storage to reduce the neutral current and neutral potential under a high penetration of unbalanced rooftop solar PV allocation. A power-balancing algorithm based on charge/discharge control is developed to continuously adjust the power exchange with the grid to mitigate the ...


Energy Loss At Bends In The Pneumatic Conveying Of Fly Ash, Naveen Tripathi, A Sharma, Soumya Suddha Mallick, Peter W. Wypych Jan 2015

Energy Loss At Bends In The Pneumatic Conveying Of Fly Ash, Naveen Tripathi, A Sharma, Soumya Suddha Mallick, Peter W. Wypych

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

An accurate estimation of the total pressure drop of a pipeline is important to the reliable design of a pneumatic conveying system. The present paper presents results from an investigation into the modelling of the pressure drop at a bend in the pneumatic conveying of fly ash. Seven existing bend models were used (in conjunction with solids friction models for horizontal and vertical straight pipes, and initial acceleration losses) to predict the total pipeline pressure drop in conveying fly ash (median particle diameter: 30μm; particle density: 2300kg/m3; loose-poured bulk density: 700kg/m3) in three test rigs (pipelines ...


Development And Optimization Of An Innovative Hvac System With Integrated Pvt And Pcm Thermal Storage For A Net-Zero Energy Retrofitted House, Massimo Fiorentini, Paul Cooper, Zhenjun Ma Jan 2015

Development And Optimization Of An Innovative Hvac System With Integrated Pvt And Pcm Thermal Storage For A Net-Zero Energy Retrofitted House, Massimo Fiorentini, Paul Cooper, Zhenjun Ma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper describes a novel solar-assisted HVAC system developed for the Team UOW 'Illawarra Flame' Solar Decathlon house, the winner of the Solar Decathlon China 2013 competition. This HVAC system consists of an air-based photovoltaic-thermal (PVT) collector and a phase change material (PCM) thermal storage unit integrated with a reverse cycle heat pump, in a ducted system. The system was designed for operation during both winter and summer using daytime solar radiation and night-time sky radiative cooling, respectively. The PVT collector heats or cools fresh air from ambient and thereby provides heating or cooling either directly to the indoor space ...


Energy Exchange Between Electric Vehicle Load And Wind Generating Utilities, Ahmad Tavakoli, Michael Negnevitsky, Duc Thanh Nguyen, Kashem M. Muttaqi Jan 2015

Energy Exchange Between Electric Vehicle Load And Wind Generating Utilities, Ahmad Tavakoli, Michael Negnevitsky, Duc Thanh Nguyen, Kashem M. Muttaqi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper proposes a novel approach to energy exchange between electric vehicle (EV) load and wind generation utilities participating in the day-ahead energy, balancing, and regulation markets. An optimal bidding/offering strategy model is developed to mitigate wind energy and EV imbalance threats, and optimize EV charging profiles. A new strategy model is based on optimizing decision making of a wind generating company (WGenCO) in selecting the best option among the use of the balancing or regulation services, the use of the energy storage system (ESS) and the use of all of them to compensate wind power deviation. Energy imbalance ...


Community Energy Storage For Neutral Voltage Rise Mitigation In Four-Wire Multigrounded Lv Feeders With Unbalanced Solar Pv Allocation, Md Jan E Alam, Kashem M. Muttaqi, Danny Sutanto Jan 2015

Community Energy Storage For Neutral Voltage Rise Mitigation In Four-Wire Multigrounded Lv Feeders With Unbalanced Solar Pv Allocation, Md Jan E Alam, Kashem M. Muttaqi, Danny Sutanto

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The traditional neutral voltage problem in low-voltage (LV) four-wire multigrounded distribution networks can be aggravated due to an unbalanced allocation of one-phase photovoltaic (PV) units. Inherent limitations restrict the performance of the traditional strategies to mitigate the combined effect of load and PV unbalance. To overcome the shortcoming of traditional approaches, a new dynamic mitigation approach using community energy storage (CES) is proposed in this paper. A power balancing algorithm is developed to perform the balancing operation while minimizing power drawn from the CES. A charge/discharge control strategy is developed that will continuously balance and dynamically adjust the power ...


Optimal Design For Energy-Efficient Per-Subcarrier Antenna Selection Mimo–Ofdm Wireless Systems, Ngoc Phuc Le, Le Chung Tran, Farzad Safaei Jan 2015

Optimal Design For Energy-Efficient Per-Subcarrier Antenna Selection Mimo–Ofdm Wireless Systems, Ngoc Phuc Le, Le Chung Tran, Farzad Safaei

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper, we consider a novel optimal design for per-subcarrier antenna selection multi-input multi-output orthogonal frequency division multiplexing systems from an energy-efficiency perspective. The optimal number of antennas, i.e., the number of radio frequency chains, that needs to be built-in on a transmitter to achieve the maximum energy-efficiency is determined. Specifically, an optimization problem for maximizing the average energy-efficiency with respect to the number of antennas is formulated. To solve this optimization problem, we first derive a closed-form formula expressing the cost function (i.e., the average energy-efficiency) as a function of the number of antennas. Search algorithms ...


Energy Efficiency Analysis Of Antenna Selection Multi-Input Multi-Output Automatic Repeat Request Systems Over Nakagami-M Fading Channels, Ngoc Phuc Le, Le Chung Tran, Farzad Safaei, Vineeth Satheeskum Varma Jan 2015

Energy Efficiency Analysis Of Antenna Selection Multi-Input Multi-Output Automatic Repeat Request Systems Over Nakagami-M Fading Channels, Ngoc Phuc Le, Le Chung Tran, Farzad Safaei, Vineeth Satheeskum Varma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this study, the authors investigate energy efficiency in antenna selection multi-input multi-output automatic repeat request (MIMO ARQ) wireless systems. The authors first derive an approximate expression for the average frame-error rate (FER) in antenna selection MIMO systems over quasi-static Nakagami-m fading channels. The FER approximation is then used to obtain an analytical expression of an energy-efficiency metric that is defined as the total energy required to successfully deliver one information bit. The authors prove that this energy-efficiency metric is a quasi-convex function with respect to the average signal-to-noise ratio value. Based on this analysis, the authors obtain the optimal ...


Maximising Energy Efficiency In Antenna Selection Mimo Wireless Systems Subject To Qos Constraints, Ngoc Phuc Le, Farzad Safaei, Le Chung Tran Jan 2015

Maximising Energy Efficiency In Antenna Selection Mimo Wireless Systems Subject To Qos Constraints, Ngoc Phuc Le, Farzad Safaei, Le Chung Tran

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Energy-efficiency (EE) in antenna selection multi-input–multi-output (MIMO) systems over Nakagami-m fading channels is investigated. An EE metric is defined as the number of successfully received bits per unit of energy consumption, which takes into account several important system parameters such as channel coding and modulation. An optimisation problem that maximises the EE metric subject to an error-performance constraint is formulated. On the basis of an analysis of this problem, the optimal value of the average energy per transmitted data symbol is obtained, such that the EE in the system is maximised. Simulation results are provided to validate the analysis.


Energy Spectra Considerations For Synchrotron Radiotherapy Trials On The Id17 Bio-Medical Beamline At The European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Jeffrey C. Crosbie, Pauline Fournier, Stefan Bartzsch, Mattia Donzelli, Iwan Cornelius, Andrew W. Stevenson, Herwig Requardt, Elke Brauer-Krisch Jan 2015

Energy Spectra Considerations For Synchrotron Radiotherapy Trials On The Id17 Bio-Medical Beamline At The European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Jeffrey C. Crosbie, Pauline Fournier, Stefan Bartzsch, Mattia Donzelli, Iwan Cornelius, Andrew W. Stevenson, Herwig Requardt, Elke Brauer-Krisch

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The aim of this study was to validate the kilovoltage X-ray energy spectrum on the ID17 beamline at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF). The purpose of such validation was to provide an accurate energy spectrum as the input to a computerized treatment planning system, which will be used in synchrotron microbeam radiotherapy trials at the ESRF. Calculated and measured energy spectra on ID17 have been reported previously but recent additions and safety modifications to the beamline for veterinary trials warranted a fresh investigation. The authors used an established methodology to compare X-ray attenuation measurements in copper sheets (referred to ...


Indirect Radio-Chemo-Beta Therapy: A Targeted Approach To Increase Biological Efficiency Of X-Rays Based On Energy, Sianne Oktaria, Stephanie Corde, Michael L. F Lerch, Konstantin K. Konstantinov, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld, Moeava Tehei Jan 2015

Indirect Radio-Chemo-Beta Therapy: A Targeted Approach To Increase Biological Efficiency Of X-Rays Based On Energy, Sianne Oktaria, Stephanie Corde, Michael L. F Lerch, Konstantin K. Konstantinov, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld, Moeava Tehei

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Despite the use of multimodal treatments incorporating surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, local control of gliomas remains a major challenge. The potential of a new treatment approach called indirect radio-chemo-beta therapy using the synergy created by combining methotrexate (MTX) with bromodeoxyuridine (BrUdR) under optimum energy x-ray irradiation is assessed. 9L rat gliosarcoma cells pre-treated with 0.01 μM MTX and/or 10 μM BrUdR were irradiated in vitro with 50 kVp, 125 kVp, 250 kVp, 6 MV and 10 MV x-rays. The cytotoxicity was assessed using clonogenic survival as the radiobiological endpoint. The photon energy with maximum effect was determined using ...


Modeling Secondary Particle Tracks Generated By High-Energy Protons In Water, Francisco Blanco, Antonio Munoz, Diego T. Almeida, F. Ferreira Da Silva, Paulo Limao-Vieira, Alexey Verkhovtsev, L Ellis-Gibbings, K Krupa, A Traore, G Garcia Jan 2015

Modeling Secondary Particle Tracks Generated By High-Energy Protons In Water, Francisco Blanco, Antonio Munoz, Diego T. Almeida, F. Ferreira Da Silva, Paulo Limao-Vieira, Alexey Verkhovtsev, L Ellis-Gibbings, K Krupa, A Traore, G Garcia

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

We present interaction probability data of low-energy secondary electrons and positrons produced due to the proton impact. The probability distribution functions serve as input data for the Low Energy Particle Track Simulation (LEPTS) approach which allows one to include the effect of low-energy species in medical applications of radiation and in ion-beam cancer therapy, in particular.


Experimental Investigation Of An Innovative Hvac System With Integrated Pvt And Pcm Thermal Storage For A Net-Zero Energy Retrofitted House, Massimo Fiorentini, Paul Cooper, Zhenjun Ma, Josh Wall Jan 2015

Experimental Investigation Of An Innovative Hvac System With Integrated Pvt And Pcm Thermal Storage For A Net-Zero Energy Retrofitted House, Massimo Fiorentini, Paul Cooper, Zhenjun Ma, Josh Wall

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper presents the experimental investigation of a novel solar assisted HVAC system developed for the Team UOW Solar Decathlon house, the overall winner of the Solar Decathlon China 2013 competition. This novel HVAC system consists of an air based photovoltaic-thermal (PVT) system and a phase change material (PCM) thermal storage unit integrated with a ducted system with a reverse-cycle heat pump. The system has been designed for operation during both winter and summer, using daytime solar radiation and night sky radiative cooling to increase the energy efficiency of the air-conditioning system. The PVT system can exchange heat with the ...


A New Approach To Reduce The Expected Energy Not Supplied In A Power Plant Located In A Non-Expandable Transmission System, Hadi Lomei, Danny Sutanto, Kashem M. Muttaqi, Mohsen Assili Jan 2015

A New Approach To Reduce The Expected Energy Not Supplied In A Power Plant Located In A Non-Expandable Transmission System, Hadi Lomei, Danny Sutanto, Kashem M. Muttaqi, Mohsen Assili

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The main objective of most of power plants is to inject power as much as possible into the grid from the power plants. However, the transmission system may restrain the output capability of the power plant, especially, if the power plant is located in an area of non-expandable transmission system. In this situation, any disturbance in the nearby transmission system may force the plant to generate lower than its rated value, which disables it from selling the remaining available generated power to the costumers and also increases the cost of energy not supplied. In this paper, an efficient method is ...


Enhanced Frequency Response Strategy For Pmsg Based Wind Energy Conversion System Using Ultracapacitor In Remote Area Power Supply Systems, Yingjie Tan, Kashem M. Muttaqi Jan 2015

Enhanced Frequency Response Strategy For Pmsg Based Wind Energy Conversion System Using Ultracapacitor In Remote Area Power Supply Systems, Yingjie Tan, Kashem M. Muttaqi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The high penetration level of wind energy, and non-responsive nature of power electronic interfaced wind energy conversion system (WECS) during frequency variations may create significant stress on conventional generators in a wind-diesel hybrid remote area power supply (RAPS) system. Hence, it is a necessity for WECS to provide frequency support. However, conventional frequency control strategies being used for WECS may impose a severe stress to wind turbines. In this paper, an enhanced frequency response strategy is proposed for the permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) based WECS to regulate RAPS system frequency jointly with its integrated ultracapacitors. The proposed frequency response ...