Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

During

Articles 1 - 30 of 59

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Factors Governing Mass Transfer During Membrane Electrodialysis Regeneration Of Licl Solution For Liquid Desiccant Dehumidification Systems, Ali Hussein Al-Jubainawi, Zhenjun Ma, Yi Guo, Long D. Nghiem, Paul Cooper, Weihua Li Jan 2017

Factors Governing Mass Transfer During Membrane Electrodialysis Regeneration Of Licl Solution For Liquid Desiccant Dehumidification Systems, Ali Hussein Al-Jubainawi, Zhenjun Ma, Yi Guo, Long D. Nghiem, Paul Cooper, Weihua Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This study investigates the mass transfer mechanisms and the performance of membrane electrodialysis (ED) for regenerating lithium chloride (LiCl) solution commonly used in liquid desiccant dehumidification systems. Experiments were conducted using an ED experimental system while numerical simulation was performed using COMSOL Multiphysics. The results showed that the water flux transfer due to osmosis and electro-osmosis during ED regeneration of LiCl liquid desiccant was significant and could not be ignored. The water flux due to osmosis and electro-osmosis is directly associated with the osmotic gradient and the applied current between the cathode and anode, respectively. The average flux of water ...


Lubrication Characterisation Analysis Of Stainless Steel Foil During Micro Rolling, Haibo Xie, Kenichi Manabe, Tsuyoshi Furushima, Kazuo Tada, Zhengyi Jiang Jan 2016

Lubrication Characterisation Analysis Of Stainless Steel Foil During Micro Rolling, Haibo Xie, Kenichi Manabe, Tsuyoshi Furushima, Kazuo Tada, Zhengyi Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Physical parameters, such as microscopic and roughness, play important roles in microforming process due to an increasing ratio of surface to volume of the deformed material. The study on lubrication characterisation in microforming is getting more attractive to researchers because traditional models are not reliable in this scaled down process. In this study, the micro rolling deformation characterisation has been investigated on SUS 304 stainless steel considering lubricant effect and feature size effect. The foil thickness plays an important role in the tribological features of micro rolling. The evolutions of both oil film thickness and foil surface are analysed accordingly ...


Correcting Intensity Loss Errors In The Absence Of Texture-Free Reference Samples During Pole Figure Measurement, Ahmed A. Saleh, Quoc Viet Vu, Azdiar A. Gazder Jan 2016

Correcting Intensity Loss Errors In The Absence Of Texture-Free Reference Samples During Pole Figure Measurement, Ahmed A. Saleh, Quoc Viet Vu, Azdiar A. Gazder

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Even with the use of X-ray polycapillary lenses, sample tilting during pole figure measurement results in a decrease in the recorded X-ray intensity. The magnitude of this error is affected by the sample size and/or the finite detector size. These errors can be typically corrected by measuring the intensity loss as a function of the tilt angle using a texture-free reference sample (ideally made of the same alloy as the investigated material). Since texture-free reference samples are not readily available for all alloys, the present study employs an empirical procedure to estimate the correction curve for a particular experimental ...


Response Of Rigid Piles During Passive Dragging, Wei Dong Guo Jan 2016

Response Of Rigid Piles During Passive Dragging, Wei Dong Guo

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper develops a three-layer model and elastic solutions to capture nonlinear response of rigid, passive piles in sliding soil. Elastic solutions are obtained for an equivalent force per unit length ps of the soil movement. They are repeated for a series of linearly increasing ps (with depth) to yield the nonlinear response. The parameters underpinning the model are determined against pertinent numerical solutions and model tests on passive free-head and capped piles. The solutions are presented in non-dimensional charts and elaborated through three examples. The study reveals the following:

  • On-pile pressure in rotationally restrained, sliding layer reduces ...


Effects Of Sintering Materials And Gas Conditions On Formation Of Silico-Ferrites Of Calcium And Aluminium During Iron Ore Sintering, Zhe Wang, David J. Pinson, Sheng Chew, Brian J. Monaghan, Mark Pownceby, Nathan A.S. Webster, Harold P. Rogers, Guangqing Zhang Jan 2016

Effects Of Sintering Materials And Gas Conditions On Formation Of Silico-Ferrites Of Calcium And Aluminium During Iron Ore Sintering, Zhe Wang, David J. Pinson, Sheng Chew, Brian J. Monaghan, Mark Pownceby, Nathan A.S. Webster, Harold P. Rogers, Guangqing Zhang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Silico-ferrites of calcium and aluminium (SFCA) are desirable phases in a high quality iron ore sinter product. The effects of sintering temperature, CaO/SiO2 ratio, sintering gas atmosphere and cooling procedure on the phase composition of sintered specimens from an industrial sinter blend were examined with focus on the formation of SFCA phases. The proportions of mineral phases in specimens sintered at 1 250-1 325°C were quantitatively examined using image analysis. SFCA can be formed at low temperatures by solid state reactions, the formation of which was enhanced by increasing temperature. Further increasing sintering temperature promoted the reduction of ...


On The Feasibility Of Partial Slip Reversal And De-Twinning During The Cyclic Loading Of Twip Steel, Ahmed A. Saleh, Bjorn Clausen, Donald W. Brown, Elena V. Pereloma, Christopher H. J Davies, Carlos N. Tome, Azdiar A. Gazder Jan 2016

On The Feasibility Of Partial Slip Reversal And De-Twinning During The Cyclic Loading Of Twip Steel, Ahmed A. Saleh, Bjorn Clausen, Donald W. Brown, Elena V. Pereloma, Christopher H. J Davies, Carlos N. Tome, Azdiar A. Gazder

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A recently modified Elasto-Plastic Self-Consistent (EPSC) model which empirically accounts for both intergranular and intragranular back stresses has been successfully used to simulate the cyclic (tension-compression) loading behaviour of an Fe-24Mn-3Al-2Si-1Ni-0.06C TWinning Induced Plasticity (TWIP) steel between strain limits of ±1%. Lattice strain measurements acquired via in-situ neutron diffraction were used to further validate the modelling results. An improved prediction of the pronounced Bauschinger effect during unloading is achieved when the reversibility of partial slip in the 〈112〉 direction is accounted for. This result indicates a potential contribution of the stress-induced separation of partial dislocations to the observed early ...


Mineral Phase Formation And Zinc Removal During Sintering Of Filter Cake Wastes, Zhe Wang, David J. Pinson, Sheng Chew, Brian J. Monaghan, Harold P. Rogers, Guangqing Zhang Jan 2016

Mineral Phase Formation And Zinc Removal During Sintering Of Filter Cake Wastes, Zhe Wang, David J. Pinson, Sheng Chew, Brian J. Monaghan, Harold P. Rogers, Guangqing Zhang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A large amount of filter cake wastes are produced from the gas cleaning systems of blast furnace (BF) ironmaking and basic oxygen furnace (BOF) steelmaking processes. The filter cake wastes cannot be directly recycled through the ironmaking process due to the high zinc contents and are therefore, predominantly, stockpiled. The storage of filter cake wastes presents a long- Term environmental issue but also an opportunity to extract or recover the iron content, motivating a search for processes or technologies to allow their cost-effective recycling. In this study, two filter cake wastes from BlueScope Ltd. were sintered at 1 100-1 300 ...


Experimental And Numerical Study On The Effect Of Zddp Films On Sticking During Hot Rolling Of Ferritic Stainless Steel Strip, Liang Hao, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Dianyao Gong, Xiawei Cheng, Jingwei Zhao, Suzhen Luo, Laizhu Jiang Jan 2016

Experimental And Numerical Study On The Effect Of Zddp Films On Sticking During Hot Rolling Of Ferritic Stainless Steel Strip, Liang Hao, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Dianyao Gong, Xiawei Cheng, Jingwei Zhao, Suzhen Luo, Laizhu Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of zinc dialkyl dithio phosphate (ZDDP) films on sticking during hot rolling of a ferritic stainless steel strip. The surface characterization and crack propagation of the oxide scale are very important for understanding the mechanism of the sticking. The high-temperature oxidation of one typical ferritic stainless was conducted at 1373 K (1100 °C) for understanding its microstructure and surface morphology. Hot-rolling tests of a ferritic stainless steel strip show that no obvious cracks among the oxide scale were observed with the application of ZDDP. A finite element method model was ...


Microstructure And Micro-Texture Evolution During The Dynamic Recrystallisation Of A Ni-30fe-Nb-C Model Alloy, Parvez Mannan, Ahmed A. Saleh, Azdiar A. Gazder, Gilberto Casillas, Elena V. Pereloma Jan 2016

Microstructure And Micro-Texture Evolution During The Dynamic Recrystallisation Of A Ni-30fe-Nb-C Model Alloy, Parvez Mannan, Ahmed A. Saleh, Azdiar A. Gazder, Gilberto Casillas, Elena V. Pereloma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The evolution of microstructure and micro-texture during discontinuous dynamic recrystallisation of an austenitic Ni-30Fe-Nb-C model alloy subjected to interrupted plane strain compression at strains (ε) of 0.23, 0.35, 0.68, 0.85 and 1.2 was investigated using electron backscattering diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Throughout the strain range, the majority of dynamic recrystallisation events comprised nucleation in necklace-like arrangements located at and along grain boundaries via bulging. At ε ≥ 0.68, discrete nucleation events were also observed within grain interiors. Grain growth during dynamic recrystallisation is characteristic of strain induced boundary migration. The initial texture comprised Cube-RD ...


Investigation Of X70 Line Pipe Steel Fracture During Single Edge-Notched Tensile Testing Using Acoustic Emission Monitoring, Turbadrakh Chuluunbat, Cheng Lu, Andrii Kostryzhev, A Kiet Tieu Jan 2015

Investigation Of X70 Line Pipe Steel Fracture During Single Edge-Notched Tensile Testing Using Acoustic Emission Monitoring, Turbadrakh Chuluunbat, Cheng Lu, Andrii Kostryzhev, A Kiet Tieu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper presents an investigation of the fracture behavior of X70 pipeline steel using the acoustic emission (AE) monitoring technique. The AE monitoring technique is widely used in mechanical and materials research for detection of plastic deformation, fracture initiation and crack growth. However, quantitative dependences of the AE parameters (such as signal amplitude and frequency) on the fracture parameters of X70 pipeline steel (such as ductile and brittle fracture initiation and propagation) have not been studied in depth and are therefore not completely understood. In this paper, we report an investigation of the effect of loading conditions on the fracture ...


Influence Of Loading Conditions During Tensile Testing On Acoustic Emission, Turbadrakh Chuluunbat, Cheng Lu, Andrii Kostryzhev, A Kiet Tieu Jan 2015

Influence Of Loading Conditions During Tensile Testing On Acoustic Emission, Turbadrakh Chuluunbat, Cheng Lu, Andrii Kostryzhev, A Kiet Tieu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The Acoustic Emission (AE) monitoring technique is widely used in mechanical and material research for detection of plastic deformation, fracture initiation and crack growth. However, the influence of AE features (such as signal amplitude, frequency, rise time and duration) on the fracture parameters (such as brittle or ductile mode of propagation and fracture propagation speed) is not completely understood. In this paper, the effect of loading conditions on fracture behavior was studied using AE monitoring during tensile testing of an aluminum alloy specimen. The fracture development was observed using a high speed video camera and was analyzed using the finite ...


Microstructure Evolution During Isochronal Annealing Of A 42% Cold Rolled Trip-Twip Steel, Sudipta Pramanik, Ahmed A. Saleh, Dagoberto Brandao Santos, Elena V. Pereloma, Azdiar A. Gazder Jan 2015

Microstructure Evolution During Isochronal Annealing Of A 42% Cold Rolled Trip-Twip Steel, Sudipta Pramanik, Ahmed A. Saleh, Dagoberto Brandao Santos, Elena V. Pereloma, Azdiar A. Gazder

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A high manganese TRIP-TWIP steel was cold rolled to 42% thickness reduction and isochronally annealed between 600 to 900 °C for 300 s. The microstructural evolution during annealing was studied by high resolution electron back-scattering diffraction. After cold rolling, the steel comprised predominant fraction of α′-martensite, a small fraction of blocky ε-martensite and a trace fraction of retained austenite (γ). During annealing, the reversion of ε and α′ martensite to γ was followed by the recrystallisation of γ. While the processes of reversion to and recrystallisation of γ were completed by 700 °C, further annealing between 750 to 900 ...


Effect Of Extreme Pressure Additives On The Deformation Behavior Of Oxide Scale During The Hot Rolling Of Ferritic Stainless Steel Strips, Liang Hao, Zhengyi Jiang, Xiawei Cheng, Jingwei Zhao, Dongbin Wei, Laizhu Jiang, Suzhen Luo, Ming Luo, Li Ma Jan 2015

Effect Of Extreme Pressure Additives On The Deformation Behavior Of Oxide Scale During The Hot Rolling Of Ferritic Stainless Steel Strips, Liang Hao, Zhengyi Jiang, Xiawei Cheng, Jingwei Zhao, Dongbin Wei, Laizhu Jiang, Suzhen Luo, Ming Luo, Li Ma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

High-speed steel (HSS) materials are universally used as work rolls for the hot rolling of stainless steels. Their use has increased the output of the rolling mill and decreased roll material consumption and grinding. Sticking defects often occur, however, during the hot rolling process. In this article, extreme pressure (EP) additives were dropped on the HSS samples at high temperature. Zinc dialkyl dithiophosphate (ZDDP) was chosen as the most effective EP additive by scratch tests on the HSS samples. In order to determine the optimum proportion of ZDDP in the lubricant, two reduction rates were tested on a Hille 100 ...


An In-Situ Neutron Diffraction Study Of A Multi-Phase Transformation And Twinning-Induced Plasticity Steel During Cyclic Loading, Ahmed A. Saleh, Donald W. Brown, Elena V. Pereloma, Bjorn Clausen, Christopher H. J Davies, Carlos N. Tome, Azdiar A. Gazder Jan 2015

An In-Situ Neutron Diffraction Study Of A Multi-Phase Transformation And Twinning-Induced Plasticity Steel During Cyclic Loading, Ahmed A. Saleh, Donald W. Brown, Elena V. Pereloma, Bjorn Clausen, Christopher H. J Davies, Carlos N. Tome, Azdiar A. Gazder

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In-situ neutron diffraction during cyclic tension-compression loading (þ3.5% to 2.8%) of a 17Mn-3Al-2Si-1Ni-0.06C steel that exhibits concurrent transformation and twinning -induced plasticity effects indicated a significant contribution of intragranular back stresses to the observed Bauschinger effect. Rietveld analysis revealed a higher rate of martensitic transformation during tension compared to compression. Throughout cycling, a0-martensite exhibited the highest phase strains such that it bears an increasing portion of the macroscopic load as its weight fraction evolves. On the other hand, the e-martensite strain remained compressive as it accommodated most of the internal strains caused by the shape misfit associated ...


Improving Fault Ride-Through Of Three Phase Voltage Source Inverter During Symmetrical Fault Using Dc Link Fault Current Limiter, Mehrdad Tarafdar Hagh, Amin Jalilian, Seyed Behzad Naderi, Michael Negnevitsky, Kashem M. Muttaqi Jan 2015

Improving Fault Ride-Through Of Three Phase Voltage Source Inverter During Symmetrical Fault Using Dc Link Fault Current Limiter, Mehrdad Tarafdar Hagh, Amin Jalilian, Seyed Behzad Naderi, Michael Negnevitsky, Kashem M. Muttaqi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The majority of distributed generation (DG) units utilize three phase voltage source inverter (VSI) to exchange electric power with the utility grid. The VSI employs semiconductor devices (SDs) with limited current withstand capabilities which are very vulnerable during grid faults. However, to ensure a secure and reliable operation of power systems at high penetration level of the DGs, most of the new grid codes worldwide require that the VSIs must have fault ride-Through (FRT) capability. This paper presents a DC link fault current limiter (DLFCL) based VSI FRT scheme to improve its FRT capability. In the proposed scheme, the DLFCL ...


Characterization Of Moskin Detector For In Vivo Skin Dose Measurement During Megavoltage Radiotherapy, Weiloong Jong, Jeannie Hsiu Ding Wong, Ngiemin Ung, Kwanhoong Ng, Gwofuang Ho, Dean Cutajar, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Jan 2014

Characterization Of Moskin Detector For In Vivo Skin Dose Measurement During Megavoltage Radiotherapy, Weiloong Jong, Jeannie Hsiu Ding Wong, Ngiemin Ung, Kwanhoong Ng, Gwofuang Ho, Dean Cutajar, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In vivo dosimetry is important during radiotherapy to ensure the accuracy of the dose delivered to the treatment volume. A dosimeter should be characterized based on its application before it is used for in vivo dosimetry. In this study, we characterize a new MOSFET-based detector, the MOSkin detector, on surface for in vivo skin dosimetry. The advantages of the MOSkin detector are its water equivalent depth of measurement of 0.07 mm, small physical size with submicron dosimetric volume, and the ability to provide real-time readout. A MOSkin detector was calibrated and the reproducibility, linearity, and response over a large ...


Analysis Of Thin Strip Profile During Asymmetrical Cold Rolling With Roll Crossing And Shifting Mill, Abdulrahman Aljabri, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei Jan 2014

Analysis Of Thin Strip Profile During Asymmetrical Cold Rolling With Roll Crossing And Shifting Mill, Abdulrahman Aljabri, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Strip profile control during rolling is required to assure the dimensional quality of rolled thin strip is acceptable for customers. Throughout rolling, the strip profile is controlled by using the advanced shape control rolling mill, such as the combination of work roll crossing and shifting during asymmetrical rolling, the one of the valuable methods to control the strip profile quality in rolling process. In this paper, the influences of cold rolling parameters such as the crossing angle and axial shifting value of work rolls on the strip profile are analysed. The strip shape control is discussed under both symmetrical and ...


A Study Of Plastic Deformation Behavior During High Pressure Torsion Process By Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Simulation, Peitang Wei, Cheng Lu, A K. Tieu, Guanyu Deng Jan 2014

A Study Of Plastic Deformation Behavior During High Pressure Torsion Process By Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Simulation, Peitang Wei, Cheng Lu, A K. Tieu, Guanyu Deng

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

High pressure torsion (HPT) is an efficient technique of producing ultrafine grained materials with exceptional small grain size. In this study, a crystal plasticity finite element method (CPFEM) model has been developed to investigate the plastic deformation behavior of pure aluminum single crystal during the HPT process. The simulation results show that, the distribution and evolution of the macroscopic plastic strain and the accumulative shear strain are similar. The value increases with the increase of the distance from the center as well as the number of revolution. The simulation is capable of reflecting the anisotropic characteristics of HPT deformation, a ...


A Review On The Occurrence Of Micropollutants In The Aquatic Environment And Their Fate And Removal During Wastewater Treatment, Yunlong Luo, Wenshan Guo, Huu Hao Ngo, Long Duc Nghiem, Faisal Ibney Hai, Jian Zhang, Shuang Liang, Xiaochang C. Wang Jan 2014

A Review On The Occurrence Of Micropollutants In The Aquatic Environment And Their Fate And Removal During Wastewater Treatment, Yunlong Luo, Wenshan Guo, Huu Hao Ngo, Long Duc Nghiem, Faisal Ibney Hai, Jian Zhang, Shuang Liang, Xiaochang C. Wang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Micropollutants are emerging as a new challenge to the scientific community. This review provides a summary of the recent occurrence of micropollutants in the aquatic environment including sewage, surface water, groundwater and drinking water. The discharge of treated effluent from WWTPs is a major pathway for the introduction of micropollutants to surface water. WWTPs act as primary barriers against the spread of micropollutants. WWTP removal efficiency of the selected micropollutants in 14 countries/regions depicts compound-specific variation in removal, ranging from 12.5 to 100%. Advanced treatment processes, such as activated carbon adsorption, advanced oxidation processes, nanofiltration, reverse osmosis, and ...


Rejection And Fate Of Trace Organic Compounds (Trocs) During Membrane Distillation, Kaushalya Wijekoon, Faisal Ibney Hai, Jinguo Kang, William E. Price, Tzahi Cath, Long D. Nghiem Jan 2014

Rejection And Fate Of Trace Organic Compounds (Trocs) During Membrane Distillation, Kaushalya Wijekoon, Faisal Ibney Hai, Jinguo Kang, William E. Price, Tzahi Cath, Long D. Nghiem

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this study, we examined the feasibility of membrane distillation (MD) for removing trace organic compounds (TrOCs) during water and wastewater treatment. A set of 29 compounds was selected to represent major TrOC groups, including pharmaceuticals, steroid hormones, phytoestrogens, UV-filters, industrial chemicals, and pesticides that occur ubiquitously in municipal wastewater. Results reported here suggest that rejection and fate and transport of TrOC during MD are governed by their volatility and, to a lesser extent, hydrophobicity. All TrOCs with pKH > 9 (which can be classified as non-volatile) were well removed by MD. Among the 29 TrOCs investigated in this study, three ...


Sludge Cycling Between Aerobic, Anoxic And Anaerobic Regimes To Reduce Sludge Production During Wastewater Treatment: Performance, Mechanisms, And Implications, Galilee Semblante, Faisal Ibney Hai, Huu H. Ngo, Wenshan Guo, Sheng-Jie You, William Price, Long Nghiem Jan 2014

Sludge Cycling Between Aerobic, Anoxic And Anaerobic Regimes To Reduce Sludge Production During Wastewater Treatment: Performance, Mechanisms, And Implications, Galilee Semblante, Faisal Ibney Hai, Huu H. Ngo, Wenshan Guo, Sheng-Jie You, William Price, Long Nghiem

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Alternate cycling of sludge in aerobic, anoxic, and anaerobic regimes is a promising strategy that can reduce the sludge yield of conventional activated sludge (CAS) by up to 50% with potentially lower capital and operating cost than physical- and/or chemical-based sludge minimisation techniques. The mechanisms responsible for reducing sludge yield include alterations to cellular metabolism and feeding behaviour (metabolic uncoupling, feasting/fasting, and endogenous decay), biological floc destruction, and predation on bacteria by higher organisms. Though discrepancies across various studies are recognisable, it is apparent that sludge retention time, oxygen-reduction potential of the anaerobic tank, temperature, sludge return ratio ...


Abnormal Ductility Increase Of Commercial Purity Al During Accumulative Roll Bonding, Kuiyu Cheng, Cheng Lu, Kiet Tieu Jan 2014

Abnormal Ductility Increase Of Commercial Purity Al During Accumulative Roll Bonding, Kuiyu Cheng, Cheng Lu, Kiet Tieu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper, sheets of commercial purity Al were fabricated by the accumulative roll-bonding (ARB) method up to six cycles. To increase the shear deformation, no lubricant was used during the ARB processing and the samples were carried out for ARB processing without any preheat treatment. One interesting finding is that the ductility and strength both increased during the first several cycles of ARB processing. It is proposed that the initial rolling texture might play an important part in the subsequent ARB processing since the original Al sheets for ARB processing have not been subjected to any annealing. The microstructures ...


Effects Of Mixing And Covering With Mature Compost On Gaseous Emissions During Composting, Wen Hai Luo, Jing Yuan, Yi Ming Luo, Guo Xue Li, Long D. Nghiem, William E. Price Jan 2014

Effects Of Mixing And Covering With Mature Compost On Gaseous Emissions During Composting, Wen Hai Luo, Jing Yuan, Yi Ming Luo, Guo Xue Li, Long D. Nghiem, William E. Price

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This study investigated effects of mature compost on gaseous emissions during composting using pig manure amended with corn stalks. Apart from a control treatment, three treatments were conducted with the addition of 5% (wet weight of raw materials) of mature compost: (a) mixing raw materials with mature compost at the beginning of composting; (b) covering raw materials with mature compost throughout the experimental period; and (c) covering raw materials with mature compost at the start of composting, but incorporating it into composting pile on day 6 of composting. Mature compost used for the last treatment was inoculated with 2% (wet ...


A Deformation Mechanism Of Hard Metal Surrounded By Soft Metal During Roll Forming, Hailiang Yu, A Kiet Tieu, Cheng Lu, Xiong Liu, Ajit Godbole, Huijun Li, Charlie Kong, Q Qin Jan 2014

A Deformation Mechanism Of Hard Metal Surrounded By Soft Metal During Roll Forming, Hailiang Yu, A Kiet Tieu, Cheng Lu, Xiong Liu, Ajit Godbole, Huijun Li, Charlie Kong, Q Qin

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

It is interesting to imagine what would happen when a mixture of soft-boiled eggs and stones is deformed together. A foil made of pure Ti is stronger than that made of Cu. When a composite Cu/Ti foil deforms, the harder Ti will penetrate into the softer Cu in the convex shapes according to previously reported results. In this paper, we describe the fabrication of multilayer Cu/Ti foils by the roll bonding technique and report our observations. The experimental results lead us to propose a new deformation mechanism for a hard metal surrounded by a soft metal during rolling ...


3d Fem Analysis Of Strip Shape During Multi-Pass Rolling In A 6-High Cvc Cold Rolling Mill, Kezhi Linghu, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Fei Li, Dongbin Wei, Jianzhong Xu, Xiaoming Zhang, Xianming Zhao Jan 2014

3d Fem Analysis Of Strip Shape During Multi-Pass Rolling In A 6-High Cvc Cold Rolling Mill, Kezhi Linghu, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Fei Li, Dongbin Wei, Jianzhong Xu, Xiaoming Zhang, Xianming Zhao

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A 3D elastic–plastic finite element method (FEM) model of cold strip rolling for 6-high continuous variable crown (CVC) control rolling mill was developed. This model considers the boundary conditions such as accurate CVC curves, total rolling forces, total bending forces and roll shifting values. The rolling force distributions were obtained by the internal iteration processes instead of being treated as model boundary conditions. The calculated error has been significantly reduced by the developed model. Based on the rolling schedule data from a 1,850-mm CVC cold rolling mill, the absolute error between the simulated results and the actual values ...


Effects Of Hydrogen On The Critical Conditions For Dynamic Recrystallization Of Titanium Alloy During Hot Deformation, Jingwei Zhao, Hua Ding, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Kezhi Linghu Jan 2014

Effects Of Hydrogen On The Critical Conditions For Dynamic Recrystallization Of Titanium Alloy During Hot Deformation, Jingwei Zhao, Hua Ding, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Kezhi Linghu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Hot deformation tests were performed to study the flow behavior and microstructural evolution of a Ti600 titanium alloy with different hydrogen contents. The effects of hydrogen on the critical conditions for the initiation of dynamic recrystallization (DRX) were investigated. The DRX kinetics models of hydrogenated Ti600 alloy were developed, and the DRX volume fractions were quantified under different deformation conditions. The results indicate that the addition of proper hydrogen (no greater than 0.3 pct) benefits the decrease of both the critical stress and critical strain for the initiation of DRX. The critical stress and critical strain are dependent linearly ...


The Fate Of Pharmaceuticals, Steroid Hormones, Phytoestrogens, Uv-Filters And Pesticides During Mbr Treatment, Kaushalya C. Wijekoon, Faisal I. Hai, Jinguo Kang, William E. Price, Wenshan Guo, Hao H. Ngo, Long D. Nghiem Jan 2013

The Fate Of Pharmaceuticals, Steroid Hormones, Phytoestrogens, Uv-Filters And Pesticides During Mbr Treatment, Kaushalya C. Wijekoon, Faisal I. Hai, Jinguo Kang, William E. Price, Wenshan Guo, Hao H. Ngo, Long D. Nghiem

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This study examined the relationship between molecular properties and the fate of trace organic contaminants (TrOCs) in the aqueous and solid phases during wastewater treatment by MBR. A set of 29 TrOCs was selected to represent pharmaceuticals, steroid hormones, phytoestrogens, UV-filters and pesticides that occur ubiquitously in municipal wastewater. Both adsorption and biodegradation/transformation were found responsible for the removal of TrOCs by MBR treatment. A connection between biodegradation and molecular structure could be observed while adsorption was the dominant removal mechanism for the hydrophobic (logD > 3.2) compounds. Highly hydrophobic (logD > 3.2) but readily biodegradable compounds did not ...


Modeling Of Thin Strip Profile During Cold Rolling On Roll Crossing And Shifting Mill, A Aljabri, Z Y. Jiang, D B. Wei, X D. Wang, H Tibar Jan 2013

Modeling Of Thin Strip Profile During Cold Rolling On Roll Crossing And Shifting Mill, A Aljabri, Z Y. Jiang, D B. Wei, X D. Wang, H Tibar

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Strip profile control in cold rolling of thin strip is a difficult and challenge problem found in industry. Currently using the novel type of strip rolling mill, such as the work roll crossing and shifting is the one of the main methods to control the strip profile quality in cold rolling. In this paper, 3-D finite element simulation models of the thin strip profile in cold rolling for the work roll crossing and shifting system were successfully developed. The strip profile and edge drop are discussed considering both crossing angle and shifting value of the work rolls. The research shows ...


Microstructure And Texture Evolution In A Twinning-Induced-Plasticity Steel During Uniaxial Tension, Ahmed A. Saleh, Elena V. Pereloma, Azdiar A. Gazder Jan 2013

Microstructure And Texture Evolution In A Twinning-Induced-Plasticity Steel During Uniaxial Tension, Ahmed A. Saleh, Elena V. Pereloma, Azdiar A. Gazder

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A combination of electron back-scattering diffraction and X-ray diffraction was used to track the evolution of the microstructure and texture of a fully recrystallized Fe-24 Mn-3 Al-2 Si-1 Ni-0.06 C twinning-induced-plasticity steel during interrupted uniaxial tensile testing. Texture measurements returned the characteristic double fibre texture for face-centred cubic materials, with a relatively stronger 〈1 1 1〉 and a weaker 〈1 0 0〉 partial fibre parallel to the tensile axis. The interaction with the stable 〈1 1 1〉 oriented grains results in preferential plastic flow in the unstable 〈1 1 0〉 oriented grains. Consequently, the grains oriented along the 〈1 ...


Behaviour Of New Zealand Ironsand During Iron Ore Sintering, Zhe Wang, Harold Rogers, David Pinson, Brian J. Monaghan, Sheng Chew, Paul Zulli, Sharon Nightingale, Guangqing Zhang Jan 2013

Behaviour Of New Zealand Ironsand During Iron Ore Sintering, Zhe Wang, Harold Rogers, David Pinson, Brian J. Monaghan, Sheng Chew, Paul Zulli, Sharon Nightingale, Guangqing Zhang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Titanium-bearing burdens are commonly introduced into blast furnaces to protect the hearlh because the so-called "titanium bear" which is a precipitate of carbide, nitride and carbonitride of titanium may form in the blast furnace hearth if Ti02 is present in the feed [1 , 2J. New Zealand ironsand is a titanomagnetite, containing around 60 wt.% iron, 8 wt.% titanium and other substances such as silica, phosphorus and lime [3, 4]. Since it is competitive in price, introduction of the ironsand into the ferrous feed can reduce the production cost and potentially increase blast furnace campaign life. An appropriate method of inlroduction ...