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Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Concrete

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Design Of Geopolymer Concrete With Ggbfs At Ambient Curing Condition Using Taguchi Method, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Nabeel Farhan, M Neaz Sheikh Jan 2017

Design Of Geopolymer Concrete With Ggbfs At Ambient Curing Condition Using Taguchi Method, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Nabeel Farhan, M Neaz Sheikh

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper, the Taguchi method has been used to design optimum mix proportions for geopolymer concrete with ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) as aluminosilicate source at ambient curing condition. The influences of binder content, alkaline activator to binder content (Al/Bi) ratio, sodium silicate to sodium hydroxide (SS/SH) ratio, and sodium hydroxide (SH) concentration on the geopolymer concrete were investigated. A total of nine mix designs were evaluated. It was found that specimens with a binder content of 450 kg/m3, Al/Bi ratio of 0.35, SS/SH ratio of 2.5, and SH concentration ...


Nonlinear Analysis Of Circular High Strength Concrete-Filled Stainless Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns, Vipulkumar I. Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2017

Nonlinear Analysis Of Circular High Strength Concrete-Filled Stainless Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns, Vipulkumar I. Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Concrete-filled stainless steel tubular (CFSST) slender columns are increasingly used in composite structures owing to their distinguished features, such as aesthetic appearance, high corrosion resistance, high durability and ease of maintenance. Currently, however, there is a lack of an accurate and efficient numerical model that can be utilized to determine the performance of circular CFSST slender columns. This paper describes a nonlinear fiber-based model proposed for computing the deflection and axial load-moment strength interaction responses of eccentrically loaded circular high-strength CFSST slender columns. The fiber-based model incorporates the accurate three-stage stress-strain relations of stainless steels, accounting for different strain hardening ...


Structural Behaviours Of Railway Prestressed Concrete Sleepers (Crossties) With Hole And Web Openings, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Erosha Kahawatta Gamage, Alex M. Remennikov Jan 2016

Structural Behaviours Of Railway Prestressed Concrete Sleepers (Crossties) With Hole And Web Openings, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Erosha Kahawatta Gamage, Alex M. Remennikov

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

As the crosstie beam in railway track systems, the prestressed concrete sleepers (or railroad ties) are principally designed in order to carry wheel loads from the rails to the ground. Their design takes into account static and dynamic loading conditions. It is evident that prestressed concrete has played a significant role as to maintain the high endurance of the sleepers under low to moderate repeated impact loads. In spite of the most common use of the prestressed concrete sleepers in railway tracks, there have always been considerable demands from rail and track engineers to improve serviceability and functionality of concrete ...


Modelling Railway Prestressed Concrete Sleepers (Crossties) With Holes And Web Openings, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Erosha Kahawatta Gamage, Alex M. Remennikov Jan 2016

Modelling Railway Prestressed Concrete Sleepers (Crossties) With Holes And Web Openings, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Erosha Kahawatta Gamage, Alex M. Remennikov

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Pre-stressing in concrete railway sleepers yields endurance property under high-cycle fatigue. This structural effect plays a positive role in durability of the sleepers. However, as a common practice, track engineers often generate holes or web openings in concrete sleepers to enable the accommodation of rail equipment cables and signaling equipment. This study aims to provide a principle understanding of the structural capacity and energy toughness of pre-stressed concrete sleepers with and without holes and web openings. It will investigate the design criteria and effects of holes and web openings on the structural capacity of concrete sleepers under rail loading. The ...


Experimental Investigation Of Gfrp-Reinforced And Gfrp-Encased Square Concrete Specimens Under Axial And Eccentric Load, And Four-Point Bending Test, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Jim Youssef Jan 2016

Experimental Investigation Of Gfrp-Reinforced And Gfrp-Encased Square Concrete Specimens Under Axial And Eccentric Load, And Four-Point Bending Test, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Jim Youssef

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper presents the results of an experimental study on the axial and flexural behavior of square concrete members reinforced with glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars and embedded with pultruded GFRP structural sections under different loading conditions. The main parameters investigated in this study were the influence of the type of internal reinforcement (steel bars, GFRP bars and pultruded GFRP structural I-sections and C-sections) and magnitude of load eccentricity on the flexural and compressive behavior of square concrete members. To fulfil the objectives of this study, 16 reinforced concrete specimens were tested, of which 12 were tested as columns under ...


Impact Resistance Of Ultra-High Strength Concrete Beams With Frp Reinforcement, Alex M. Remennikov, Matthew Goldston, M Neaz Sheikh Jan 2016

Impact Resistance Of Ultra-High Strength Concrete Beams With Frp Reinforcement, Alex M. Remennikov, Matthew Goldston, M Neaz Sheikh

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Composite materials, including Fibre Reinforced Polymer (FRP) bars, have been used for decades in the structural and civil engineering sectors over traditional steel reinforcement. The main reasons for this are that FRP composites possess a number of advantages. They are non-corrosive, non-conductive, and lightweight and possess high longitudinal tensile strength. This paper presents the results of an experimental investigation into the effects of the use of glass FRP (GFRP) bars as internal reinforcement on the behaviour of concrete beams with high strength concrete (HSC) and ultra-high strength concrete (UHSC). Both static and dynamic (impact) behaviours of the beam have been ...


Incorporating Environmental Evaluation And Thermal Properties Of Concrete Mix Designs, Mehdi Robati, Timothy J. Mccarthy, Georgios Kokogiannakis Jan 2016

Incorporating Environmental Evaluation And Thermal Properties Of Concrete Mix Designs, Mehdi Robati, Timothy J. Mccarthy, Georgios Kokogiannakis

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

One of the main challenges in sustainable design of buildings is to improve the energy efficiency of the building during its lifetime along with reducing the environmental impact of the design. Recent advances in concrete technology offer lower embodied emission through the application of supplementary cementitious materials and recycled aggregates. There are also improvements to thermal properties with the application of admixtures. However, the relationships between the environmental impact (Cradle to Gate) and thermal performance of concrete mix designs have not been researched adequately. The Green House Gas (GHG) emissions associated with each individual concrete component and its production need ...


Design-Oriented Stress–Strain Model For Concrete Under Combined Frp-Steel Confinement, G Lin, Tao Yu, Jin Guang Teng Jan 2016

Design-Oriented Stress–Strain Model For Concrete Under Combined Frp-Steel Confinement, G Lin, Tao Yu, Jin Guang Teng

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Extensive research has been conducted on fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP)-confined plain and RC columns, leading to a large number of stress–strain models. Most of these models have been developed for FRP-confined plain concrete and are thus applicable only to concrete in FRP-confined RC columns with a negligible amount of transverse steel reinforcement. The few models that have been developed for concrete under the combined confinement of FRP and transverse steel reinforcement are either inaccurate or too complex for direct use in design. This paper presents an accurate design-oriented stress–strain model for concrete under combined FRP-steel confinement in FRP-confined ...


Experimental Study On Frp Tube Reinforced Concrete Columns Under Different Loading Conditions, Weiqiang Wang, M Neaz Sheikh, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2016

Experimental Study On Frp Tube Reinforced Concrete Columns Under Different Loading Conditions, Weiqiang Wang, M Neaz Sheikh, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The behavior of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) tube reinforced concrete (FTRC) columns under different loading conditions was investigated in this study. Four groups of 16 specimens were cast and tested. Specimens in the first group (the reference group) were re- inforced with longitudinal steel bars and steel helices (Group REF). Specimens in the second group were reinforced with intact glass FRP tubes (Group IT). Specimens in the third group were also reinforced with intact glass FRP tubes. In addition, polymer grid was embedded into the concrete cover to reduce the cover spalling (Group ITG). Specimens in the fourth group were reinforced ...


Experimental Investigation Of The Behaviour Of Concrete Beams Reinforced With Gfrp Bars Under Static And Impact Loading, Matthew Goldston, Alex M. Remennikov, M Neaz Sheikh Jan 2016

Experimental Investigation Of The Behaviour Of Concrete Beams Reinforced With Gfrp Bars Under Static And Impact Loading, Matthew Goldston, Alex M. Remennikov, M Neaz Sheikh

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Composite materials, including Fibre Reinforced Polymer (FRP) bars, have been gaining momentum as alternatives to traditional steel reinforcements in civil and structural engineering sectors. FRP materials are non-corrosive, non-conductive, and lightweight and possess high longitudinal tensile strength, which are advantageous for their use in civil infrastructure. This paper presents the results of an experimental investigation into the effects of the use of glass FRP (GFRP) bars as internal reinforcement on the behaviour of concrete beams. Both static and dynamic (impact) behaviours of the beam have been investigated. Twelve GFRP reinforced concrete (RC) beams were designed, cast and tested. Six GFRP ...


Axial And Flexural Behavior Of Unreinforced And Frp Bar Reinforced Circular Concrete Filled Frp Tube Columns, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Qasim Khan, M Neaz Sheikh Jan 2016

Axial And Flexural Behavior Of Unreinforced And Frp Bar Reinforced Circular Concrete Filled Frp Tube Columns, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Qasim Khan, M Neaz Sheikh

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) composites have emerged as a viable alternative of steel reinforcement due to higher ultimate tensile strength to weight ratio and corrosion resistance of FRP composites. Concrete Filled Fiber Reinforced Polymer Tube (CFFT) technique for new column construction has attracted significant research attention. This paper investigated the axial and flexural behavior of concrete filled Carbon FRP (CFRP) tube columns with and without CFRP bar and concrete filled Glass FRP (GFRP) tube columns with and without GFRP bar. The test results of 16 circular CFFT and four steel Reinforced Concrete (RC) specimens of 203-205 mm diameter and 800-812 ...


Cyclic Lateral Response Of Frp-Confined Circular Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Columns, Tao Yu, Y M. Hu, Jin Guang Teng Jan 2016

Cyclic Lateral Response Of Frp-Confined Circular Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Columns, Tao Yu, Y M. Hu, Jin Guang Teng

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Concrete-filled steel tubular (CFT) columns are widely used as columns in many structural systems and a common failure mode of such tubular columns is inelastic outward local buckling near a column end. The use of fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) jackets/wraps for the suppression of such local buckling has recently been proposed and has been proven to possess excellent potential in both retrofit/strengthening and new construction. This paper presents the results of an experimental study into the behaviour of large-scale FRP-confined CFT (CCFT) columns under combined axial compression and lateral loading. The test parameters included the stiffness of the FRP ...


Compressive Behavior Of Frp-Confined Concrete-Encased Steel Columns, Tao Yu, G Lin, Shi Shun Zhang Jan 2016

Compressive Behavior Of Frp-Confined Concrete-Encased Steel Columns, Tao Yu, G Lin, Shi Shun Zhang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

FRP-confined concrete-encased steel I-section columns (FCSCs) are an emerging form of hybrid columns. An FCSC consists of an outer FRP tube, an encased steel section and a concrete infill. The FCSCs possess many advantages over conventional reinforced concrete columns, including the excellent corrosion resistance, excellent ductility and ease for construction. Existing studies on FCSCs, however, have been rather limited. This paper presents a combined experimental and theoretical study on the behavior of FCSCs under concentric and eccentric compression. The experimental program included the testing of a total of 14 specimens, with the main variables being the section configuration, the thickness ...


Geometric Design Optimization For Dynamic Response Problem Of Continuous Reinforced Concrete Beams, Pezhman Sharafi, Muhammad Hadi, Lip H. Teh Jan 2014

Geometric Design Optimization For Dynamic Response Problem Of Continuous Reinforced Concrete Beams, Pezhman Sharafi, Muhammad Hadi, Lip H. Teh

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper presents a computer-aided design method for conceptual geometric layout optimization of multispan RC beams for any type of dynamic responses. A key feature of the paper is the development of a new cost-optimization method for geometric layout problems that take both cost parameters and dynamic responses into account to achieve an optimum design along with acceptable dynamic performance of RC beams. This method takes advantage of employing a new optimization formulation that considerably simplifies the preliminary layout design computations. It focuses on minimizing the structural cost subject to constraints on eigenfrequencies, modal shapes, and the static and dynamic ...


Numerical Analysis Of High-Strength Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns Under Cyclic Loading, Vipulkumar Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2014

Numerical Analysis Of High-Strength Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns Under Cyclic Loading, Vipulkumar Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The effects of cyclic local buckling on the behavior of concrete-filled steel tubular (CFST) slender beam-columns under cyclic loading were approximately considered in existing analytical methods by modifying the stress– strain curve for the steel tube in compression. These methods, however, cannot simulate the progressive cyclic local buckling of the steel tubes. This paper presents a new efficient numerical model for predicting the cyclic performance of high strength rectangular CFST slender beam-columns accounting for the effects of progressive cyclic local buckling of steel tube walls under stress gradients. Uniaxial cyclic constitutive laws for the concrete core and steel tubes are ...


A New Empirical Model For Shear Strength Of Reinforced Concrete Beam - Column Connections, Tung Tran, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Thong M. Pham Jan 2014

A New Empirical Model For Shear Strength Of Reinforced Concrete Beam - Column Connections, Tung Tran, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Thong M. Pham

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A new empirical model to estimate the joint shear strength of both exterior and interior beam-column connections is proposed. In the model, four parameters that have the most influence on joint shear strength are considered. Among these four, a new parameter is introduced to consider the bond condition and the possibility of beam bars transferring joint shear force into the columns. Consideration of this parameter in the model significantly improves the accuracy of the predicted joint shear strength. To calibrate the model, a large database of 98 reinforced concrete (RC) exterior and 73 RC interior beam-column connections displaying joint failure ...


Behaviour Of Hollow Core Square Reinforced Concrete Columns Wrapped With Cfrp With Different Fibre Orientations, Muhammad N. Hadi, T D. Le Jan 2014

Behaviour Of Hollow Core Square Reinforced Concrete Columns Wrapped With Cfrp With Different Fibre Orientations, Muhammad N. Hadi, T D. Le

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Results of testing twelve hollow core square reinforced concrete columns wrapped with Carbon fibre 33 reinforced polymer (CFRP) are presented. The effect of fibre orientation on the performance of specimens 34 under concentric and eccentric loads was investigated. Twelve specimens were divided into four groups with three 36 specimens each. The specimens in the first reference group were unwrapped, while the specimens in the 37 remaining groups were wrapped with CFRP of different wrap combinations of three fibre orientations.The specimens in each group were tested 39 under three eccentricities: 0 (concentric), 25, and 50 mm up to failure. Test ...


Nonlinear Analysis Of Axially Loaded Cicular Concrete-Filled Stainless Steel Tubular Short Columns, Vipulkumar Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2014

Nonlinear Analysis Of Axially Loaded Cicular Concrete-Filled Stainless Steel Tubular Short Columns, Vipulkumar Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The experiments indicate that stainless steels in tension deform plastically more than stainless steels in compression. Therefore, the strain hardening of stainless steels in compression is much faster than that of stainless steels in tension. The full-range two-stage constitutive model for stainless steels assumes that stainless steels follow the same stress-strain behavior in compression and tension, which may underestimate the compressive strength of stainless steel tubes. This paper presents a fiber element model incorporating the recently developed full-range three-stage stress-strain relationships based on experimentally observed behavior for stainless steels for the nonlinear analysis of circular concrete-filled stainless steel tubular (CFSST ...


Retrofitting Nonseismically Detailed Exterior Beam-Column Joints Using Concrete Covers Together With Cfrp Jacket, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Tung Minh Tran Jan 2014

Retrofitting Nonseismically Detailed Exterior Beam-Column Joints Using Concrete Covers Together With Cfrp Jacket, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Tung Minh Tran

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper introduces a new method for retrofitting reinforced concrete (RC) exterior beamcolumn T joints, using segmental circular concrete covers together with Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer (CFRP). Two RC T connections without transverse reinforcement at the joints were cast and tested. The first connection (Strengthened specimen, TS) was glued with the concrete covers around the column at the joint area to modify it from a square to a circular section and then it was wrapped with CFRP to strengthen its capacity. A load was first applied on the second connection (Repaired specimen, TR) to cause a serious failure then it ...


Confinement Model For Frp Confined Normal- And High-Strength Concrete Circular Columns, Thong M. Pham, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2014

Confinement Model For Frp Confined Normal- And High-Strength Concrete Circular Columns, Thong M. Pham, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This study establishes a confinement model for FRP confined normal- and high-strength concrete circular columns. A new column parameter was suggested for estimating the compressive strength of FRP confined concrete. The proposed model is able to predict the ultimate condition of FRP confined concrete columns that have similar unconfined concrete strength and confining pressure but significant differences in the jacket stiffness. The proposed model was then verified using a database of 574 FRP confined concrete circular columns with different types of FRP. This database covers unconfined concrete strength between 15 MPa and 170 MPa and specimens with a diameter ranging ...


Behaviour Of Gfrp Tube Reinforced Concrete Columns Under Axial Compression, Weiqiang Wang, M Neaz Sheikh, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Blake Lyons Jan 2014

Behaviour Of Gfrp Tube Reinforced Concrete Columns Under Axial Compression, Weiqiang Wang, M Neaz Sheikh, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Blake Lyons

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper reports the result of an experimental investigation on the behaviour of Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) tube reinforced concrete columns under axial compression. The GFRP tube was placed into the concrete to provide reinforcement both in the longitudinal and transverse directions. In this study, a total of 8 columns with 150 mm diameter and 300 mm height were cast and tested under axial compression. The columns were divided into four groups and each group contains two identical columns. The first group had two columns of plain concrete, and the remaining three groups were reinforced with solid, axially perforated ...


Spline-Shape Modification For Frp-Confined Concrete Columns: Theory And Evaluation, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Xu Lei Jan 2014

Spline-Shape Modification For Frp-Confined Concrete Columns: Theory And Evaluation, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Xu Lei

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The confinement efficiency for FRP-confined square concrete columns is relatively low compared to circular columns due to a large area of ineffectively-confined concrete and stress concentration at sharp corners. Shape modification of square concrete columns has been proposed but modifying the shape of cross-section from a square to a circle results in a significant increase in crosssectional area and self-weight of the columns, which raises new issues and is not practical when the space in the structure is limited. To address the abovementioned issues, a spline-shaped cross-section is proposed in this study as a target shape for shape modification. A ...


Effect Of Rice Husk Ash On Workability And Strength Of Concrete, Avinash Babu Srinivasreddy, Timothy J. Mccarthy, Eric Lume Jan 2013

Effect Of Rice Husk Ash On Workability And Strength Of Concrete, Avinash Babu Srinivasreddy, Timothy J. Mccarthy, Eric Lume

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Rice husk ash (RHA) is an agricultural waste which is a pozzolanic material that can be blended with the cement for manufacturing concrete. Its use can reduce the environmental impact of the cement industry. The present study investigates the chemical and morphological nature of RHA and silica fume (SF). Both can be used to improve strength and durability properties of concrete. Particle size distribution, loss on ignition (LOI), X-ray diffraction analysis, scanning electron microscopic were conducted. The effect of replacement of cement 5%, 10% and 15% by weight with SF and RHA on compressive strength and workability has also been ...


A Methodology For Cost Optimization Of The Layout Design Of Multi-Span Reinforced Concrete Beams, Pezhman Sharafi, Muhammad Hadi, Lip H. Teh Jan 2013

A Methodology For Cost Optimization Of The Layout Design Of Multi-Span Reinforced Concrete Beams, Pezhman Sharafi, Muhammad Hadi, Lip H. Teh

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper presents a description of a new methodology for the optimum preliminary layout design of reinforced concrete multi-span beams considering the relevant cost elements. First, a new objective function is presented, as an alternative to traditional cost functions for reinforced concrete beams. The ability of being easily employed in layout optimization problems, gives the new cost function a distinct advantage over its alternatives. Examples are included to illustrate the performance of the new methodology.


Response Of Substandard Reinforcing Details T Connections Upgraded With Concrete Covers And Cfrp, Tung M. Tran, B Matuszkiewicz, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2013

Response Of Substandard Reinforcing Details T Connections Upgraded With Concrete Covers And Cfrp, Tung M. Tran, B Matuszkiewicz, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper introduces the responses of two substandard reinforcing details exterior beam-column T connections, which were upgraded by a new retrofitting method using concrete covers and carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP). Two reinforced concrete (RC) exterior beam-column connections without transverse reinforcement at the joints were cast and tested. A mix of epoxy resin and 20% thickener was used to glue the first connection (the Strengthened specimen, TS) with the concrete covers around the column at the joint area to modify it from a square to a circular section and then it was wrapped with CFRP to strengthen. A load was ...


Performance Of Cfrp Wrapped Square Reinforced Concrete Columns Subjected To Eccentric Loading, Ida Bagus Rai Widiarsa, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2013

Performance Of Cfrp Wrapped Square Reinforced Concrete Columns Subjected To Eccentric Loading, Ida Bagus Rai Widiarsa, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Strengthening concrete columns with fibre-reinforced polymers (FRP) has been studied extensively, but the majority of published studies have focused on circular columns. Most concrete columns in the field have square or rectangular cross sections and resist eccentric loading as well. The objective of this study is to investigate the performance of square reinforced concrete (RC) columns wrapped with carbon FRP subjected to eccentric loading. The influence of two parameters was studied including the number of FRP layers and the magnitude of eccentricity. Compression testing was conducted on twelve short square RC columns wrapped with CFRP composites. The columns had a ...


Behavior Of Hybrid Frp-Concrete-Steel Double-Skin Tubular Columns With A Square Outer Tube And A Circular Innert Tube Subjected To Axial Compression, Tao Yu, J G. Teng Jan 2013

Behavior Of Hybrid Frp-Concrete-Steel Double-Skin Tubular Columns With A Square Outer Tube And A Circular Innert Tube Subjected To Axial Compression, Tao Yu, J G. Teng

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Hybrid fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) concrete steel, double skin tubular columns (DSTCs) are a new form of hybrid columns. The most common sectional form of hybrid DSTCs consists of a layer of concrete sandwiched between a circular inner steel tube and a circular outer FRP tube whose fiber directions are close to the hoop detection to provide effective confinement to the concrete. Much recent research has been conducted on circular hybrid DSTCs, which has demonstrated that the combination of the three constituent materials leads to several advantages not available with existing forms of columns. In practical applications, for aesthetic and other ...


Strengthening Square Reinforced Concrete Columns By Circularisation And Frp Confinement, Thong Minh Pham, Viet Le Doan, Muhammad N. Hadi Jan 2013

Strengthening Square Reinforced Concrete Columns By Circularisation And Frp Confinement, Thong Minh Pham, Viet Le Doan, Muhammad N. Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A technique called circularisation where segmental circular concrete covers made of different concrete strengths (40 MPa, 80 MPa and 100 MPa) was used to change a square column to a circular column. The applicability of the circularisation method was experimentally studied for a wide range of concrete strengths (from 40 MPa to 100 MPa). The behaviour of the strengthened specimens under different loading conditions including concentric loading, eccentric loading (25 mm and 50 mm) and flexural bending is investigated. The experimental results demonstrate that using high strength concrete (HSC) for the additional covers to strengthen existing square reinforced concrete (RC ...


The Response Of Axially Restrained Non-Composite Steel-Concrete-Steel Sandwich Panels Due To Large Impact Loading, Alex M. Remennikov, Sih Ying Kong, Brian Uy Jan 2013

The Response Of Axially Restrained Non-Composite Steel-Concrete-Steel Sandwich Panels Due To Large Impact Loading, Alex M. Remennikov, Sih Ying Kong, Brian Uy

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In conventional steel-concrete-steel (SCS) construction, the external steel plates are connected to the concrete infill by welded shear stud connectors. This paper describes a programme of experimental and numerical investigations on reduced-scale non-composite SCS panels with axially restrained connections. The experimental results have demonstrated that the non-composite SCS panels are capable of developing enhanced load-carrying capacity through the tensile membrane resistance of the steel faceplates. This type of construction was found to exhibit highly ductile response and be able to sustain large end rotations of up to 18° without collapse. High fidelity finite element models for SCS panels under impact ...


On The Residual Energy Toughness Of Prestressed Concrete Sleepers In Railway Track Structures Subjected To Repeated Impact Loads, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Alexander Remennikov Jan 2013

On The Residual Energy Toughness Of Prestressed Concrete Sleepers In Railway Track Structures Subjected To Repeated Impact Loads, Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Alexander Remennikov

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Installed as the crosstie beam support in railway track systems, the prestressed concrete sleepers (or railroad ties) are designed in order to carry and transfer the wheel loads from the rails to the ground. It is nowadays best known that railway tracks are subject to the impact loading conditions, which are attributable to the train operations with either wheel or rail abnormalities such as flat wheels, dipped rails, etc. These loads are of very high magnitude but short duration, as well as there exists the potential of repeated load experience during the design life of the prestressed concrete sleepers. These ...