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Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

2015

Steel

Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Oxide Scale Characterization Of Ferritic Stainless Steel And Its Deformation And Friction In Hot Rolling, Xiawei Cheng, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Liang Hao, Jingwei Zhao, Laizhu Jiang Jan 2015

Oxide Scale Characterization Of Ferritic Stainless Steel And Its Deformation And Friction In Hot Rolling, Xiawei Cheng, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Liang Hao, Jingwei Zhao, Laizhu Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The oxidation kinetics of ferritic stainless steel 430 was studied in dry and humid air at 1090 °C by Thermo Gravimetric Analysis (TGA). Different atmospheres and heating times were adopted for reheating to obtain different compositions and thickness of the oxide scale. Hot rolling was performed on a 2-high Hille 100 experimental rolling mill at various reductions. Oxide scale thickness and composition were analysed with optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The surface profiles were examined by a digital microscope, and the topographic features of the thin oxide scale surface were examined with an atomic ...


Investigation Of X70 Line Pipe Steel Fracture During Single Edge-Notched Tensile Testing Using Acoustic Emission Monitoring, Turbadrakh Chuluunbat, Cheng Lu, Andrii Kostryzhev, A Kiet Tieu Jan 2015

Investigation Of X70 Line Pipe Steel Fracture During Single Edge-Notched Tensile Testing Using Acoustic Emission Monitoring, Turbadrakh Chuluunbat, Cheng Lu, Andrii Kostryzhev, A Kiet Tieu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper presents an investigation of the fracture behavior of X70 pipeline steel using the acoustic emission (AE) monitoring technique. The AE monitoring technique is widely used in mechanical and materials research for detection of plastic deformation, fracture initiation and crack growth. However, quantitative dependences of the AE parameters (such as signal amplitude and frequency) on the fracture parameters of X70 pipeline steel (such as ductile and brittle fracture initiation and propagation) have not been studied in depth and are therefore not completely understood. In this paper, we report an investigation of the effect of loading conditions on the fracture ...


Interface Analysis And Hot Deformation Behaviour Of A Novel Laminated Composite With High-Cr Cast Iron And Low Carbon Steel Prepared By Hot Compression Bonding, Zhengyi Jiang, Xingjian Gao, Sheng-Li Li, Hong Mei Zhang, Dengfu Chen, Jian Zhong Xu Jan 2015

Interface Analysis And Hot Deformation Behaviour Of A Novel Laminated Composite With High-Cr Cast Iron And Low Carbon Steel Prepared By Hot Compression Bonding, Zhengyi Jiang, Xingjian Gao, Sheng-Li Li, Hong Mei Zhang, Dengfu Chen, Jian Zhong Xu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A hot compression bonding process was developed to prepare a novel laminated composite consisting of high-Cr cast iron (HCCI) as the inner layer and low carbon steel (LCS) as the outer layers on a Gleeble 3500 thermomechanical simulator at a temperature of 950 °C and a strain rate of 0.001 S-1. Interfacial bond quality and hot deformation behaviour of the laminate were studied by microstructural characterisation and mechanical tests. Experimental results show that the metallurgical bond between the constituent metals was achieved under the proposed bonding conditions without discernible defects and the formation of interlayer or intermetallic layer ...


Effect Of Temperature On Microstructure And Deformation Mechanism Of Fe-30mn-3si-4al Twip Steel At Strain Rate Of 700 S-1, Zhiping Xiong, Xue-Ping Ren, Jian Shu, Zhe-Lei Wang, Wei-Ping Bao, Shu-Xia Li Jan 2015

Effect Of Temperature On Microstructure And Deformation Mechanism Of Fe-30mn-3si-4al Twip Steel At Strain Rate Of 700 S-1, Zhiping Xiong, Xue-Ping Ren, Jian Shu, Zhe-Lei Wang, Wei-Ping Bao, Shu-Xia Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

As twinning-induced plasticity (TWIP) steel is one potential material for shaped charge liner due to the combination of high strength and high plasticity, deformation mechanism at high strain rate and high temperature is required to study. Compression experiments of Fe-30Mn-3Si-4Al TWIP steel were conducted using a Gleeble-1500 thermal simulation machine and a split-Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) between 298 and 1073 K at strain rates of 10-3 and 700 s-1, respectively. Microstructures were observed using optical microscopy (OM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Results show that flow stress and densities of deformation twins and dislocations decrease with increasing deformation temperature at ...


Strengthening Mechanisms In Thermomechanically Processed Nbti-Microalloyed Steel, Andrii Kostryzhev, Olexandra Marenych, Chris R. Killmore, Elena V. Pereloma Jan 2015

Strengthening Mechanisms In Thermomechanically Processed Nbti-Microalloyed Steel, Andrii Kostryzhev, Olexandra Marenych, Chris R. Killmore, Elena V. Pereloma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The effect of deformation temperature on microstructure and mechanical properties was investigated for thermomechanically processed NbTi-microalloyed steel with ferrite-pearlite microstructure. With a decrease in the finish deformation temperature at 1348 K to 1098 K (1075 °C to 825 °C) temperature range, the ambient temperature yield stress did not vary significantly, work hardening rate decreased, ultimate tensile strength decreased, and elongation to failure increased. These variations in mechanical properties were correlated to the variations in microstructural parameters (such as ferrite grain size, solid solution concentrations, precipitate number density and dislocation density). Calculations based on the measured microstructural parameters suggested the grain ...


Local Strain Analysis Of The Tertiary Oxide Scale Formed On A Hot-Rolled Steel Strip Via Ebsd, Xianglong Yu, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Dongbin Wei, Ji Zhou, Cunlong Zhou, Qingxue Huang Jan 2015

Local Strain Analysis Of The Tertiary Oxide Scale Formed On A Hot-Rolled Steel Strip Via Ebsd, Xianglong Yu, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Dongbin Wei, Ji Zhou, Cunlong Zhou, Qingxue Huang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This work presents a fine microstructure and local misorientation study of various oxide phases in the tertiary oxide scale formed on a hot-rolled steel strip via electron back-scattering diffraction (EBSD). Local strain in individual grains of four phases, ferrite (α-Fe), wustite (FeO), magnetite (Fe3O4) and hematite (α-Fe2O3), has been systematically analysed. The results reveal that Fe3O4 has a lower local strain than α-Fe2O3, in particular, on the surface and inner layers of the oxide scale. The multiphase oxides along the cracking or α-Fe2O3 penetration generally ...


Effect Of Pre-Quenching Process On Microstructure And Mechanical Properties In A Nb-Microalloyed Low Carbon Q-P Steel, Jun Zhang, Hua Ding, Jingwei Zhao Jan 2015

Effect Of Pre-Quenching Process On Microstructure And Mechanical Properties In A Nb-Microalloyed Low Carbon Q-P Steel, Jun Zhang, Hua Ding, Jingwei Zhao

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A refined microstructure consisting of martensite and retained austenite at room temperature has been produced in a Nb-microalloyed low carbon Si-Mn steel by a novel heat-treatment, pre-quenching prior to quenching and partitioning processes (Q&Q-P). The results showed that compared with the conventional quenching and partitioning steel the mechanical properties of steel obtained by the novel treatment have been significantly improved, with a good combination of ultimate tensile strength (1000MPa) and total elongation (above 30%). Meanwhile, the volume fraction of retained austenite has been increased. It was found that the improvement of mechanical properties was mainly attributed to the enhanced ...


Microstructure Evolution During Isochronal Annealing Of A 42% Cold Rolled Trip-Twip Steel, Sudipta Pramanik, Ahmed A. Saleh, Dagoberto Brandao Santos, Elena V. Pereloma, Azdiar A. Gazder Jan 2015

Microstructure Evolution During Isochronal Annealing Of A 42% Cold Rolled Trip-Twip Steel, Sudipta Pramanik, Ahmed A. Saleh, Dagoberto Brandao Santos, Elena V. Pereloma, Azdiar A. Gazder

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A high manganese TRIP-TWIP steel was cold rolled to 42% thickness reduction and isochronally annealed between 600 to 900 °C for 300 s. The microstructural evolution during annealing was studied by high resolution electron back-scattering diffraction. After cold rolling, the steel comprised predominant fraction of α′-martensite, a small fraction of blocky ε-martensite and a trace fraction of retained austenite (γ). During annealing, the reversion of ε and α′ martensite to γ was followed by the recrystallisation of γ. While the processes of reversion to and recrystallisation of γ were completed by 700 °C, further annealing between 750 to 900 ...


Effect Of Extreme Pressure Additives On The Deformation Behavior Of Oxide Scale During The Hot Rolling Of Ferritic Stainless Steel Strips, Liang Hao, Zhengyi Jiang, Xiawei Cheng, Jingwei Zhao, Dongbin Wei, Laizhu Jiang, Suzhen Luo, Ming Luo, Li Ma Jan 2015

Effect Of Extreme Pressure Additives On The Deformation Behavior Of Oxide Scale During The Hot Rolling Of Ferritic Stainless Steel Strips, Liang Hao, Zhengyi Jiang, Xiawei Cheng, Jingwei Zhao, Dongbin Wei, Laizhu Jiang, Suzhen Luo, Ming Luo, Li Ma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

High-speed steel (HSS) materials are universally used as work rolls for the hot rolling of stainless steels. Their use has increased the output of the rolling mill and decreased roll material consumption and grinding. Sticking defects often occur, however, during the hot rolling process. In this article, extreme pressure (EP) additives were dropped on the HSS samples at high temperature. Zinc dialkyl dithiophosphate (ZDDP) was chosen as the most effective EP additive by scratch tests on the HSS samples. In order to determine the optimum proportion of ZDDP in the lubricant, two reduction rates were tested on a Hille 100 ...


Dependence Of Texture Development On The Grain Size Of Tertiary Oxide Scales Formed On A Microalloyed Steel, Xianglong Yu, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Dongbin Wei, Ji Zhou, Cunlong Zhou, Qingxue Huang Jan 2015

Dependence Of Texture Development On The Grain Size Of Tertiary Oxide Scales Formed On A Microalloyed Steel, Xianglong Yu, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Dongbin Wei, Ji Zhou, Cunlong Zhou, Qingxue Huang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Both orientational and geometrical characteristics of grains in tertiary oxide scales have been quantitatively investigated using the electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) technique. Phase and orientation mappings demonstrate that the {001} planes of magnetite and the {0001} planes of hematite are parallel to the direction of oxide growth. Pole figures (PFs) as scattering plots clearly display the direct correlation between the orientations and microstructure sites of magnetite grains. Magnetite grains develop a strong rotated cube texture component that shifts to the {100} component, whereas those with the grain size of 1-5. μm develop the {001} cube texture component. The refined magnetite ...


An In-Situ Neutron Diffraction Study Of A Multi-Phase Transformation And Twinning-Induced Plasticity Steel During Cyclic Loading, Ahmed A. Saleh, Donald W. Brown, Elena V. Pereloma, Bjorn Clausen, Christopher H. J Davies, Carlos N. Tome, Azdiar A. Gazder Jan 2015

An In-Situ Neutron Diffraction Study Of A Multi-Phase Transformation And Twinning-Induced Plasticity Steel During Cyclic Loading, Ahmed A. Saleh, Donald W. Brown, Elena V. Pereloma, Bjorn Clausen, Christopher H. J Davies, Carlos N. Tome, Azdiar A. Gazder

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In-situ neutron diffraction during cyclic tension-compression loading (þ3.5% to 2.8%) of a 17Mn-3Al-2Si-1Ni-0.06C steel that exhibits concurrent transformation and twinning -induced plasticity effects indicated a significant contribution of intragranular back stresses to the observed Bauschinger effect. Rietveld analysis revealed a higher rate of martensitic transformation during tension compared to compression. Throughout cycling, a0-martensite exhibited the highest phase strains such that it bears an increasing portion of the macroscopic load as its weight fraction evolves. On the other hand, the e-martensite strain remained compressive as it accommodated most of the internal strains caused by the shape misfit associated ...