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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The (Statistical) Science Of Sustainability, Noel A. Cressie Jan 2010

The (Statistical) Science Of Sustainability, Noel A. Cressie

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

I take as a basic law of nature that "trees do not grow to the sky". In fact, the tree metaphor is very useful as we try to impose a science on the vaguely defined term, "sustainability." Trees make up forests and forests grow and recede according to many factors. Trees develop from seeds to saplings to mature trees, using nutrients and water in the soil and C02, O2 and light from the atmosphere to grow. They do not grow to the sky, and they eventually dies. Forests do not cover the earth; but they grow, recede, and are potentially ...


Multi-Criteria Group Decision Support With Linguistic Variables In Long-Term Scenarios For Belgian Energy Policy, Da Ruan, Jie Lu, Erik Laes, Guangquan Zhang, Jun Ma, Gaston Meskens Jan 2010

Multi-Criteria Group Decision Support With Linguistic Variables In Long-Term Scenarios For Belgian Energy Policy, Da Ruan, Jie Lu, Erik Laes, Guangquan Zhang, Jun Ma, Gaston Meskens

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Real world decisions often made in the presence of multiple, conflicting, and incommensurate criteria. Decision making requires multiple perspectives of different individuals as more decisions are made now in groups than ever before. This is particularly true when the decision environment becomes more complex such as sustainability policies study in environmental and energy sectors. Group decision making processes judgments or solutions for decision problems based on the input and feedback of multiple individuals. Multi-criteria decision and evaluation problems at tactical and strategic levels in practice involve fuzziness in terms of linguistic variables vis-à-vis criteria, weights, and decision maker judgments. Relevant ...


Impacts Of Coal Shrinkage, Permeability And Petrography On Gas Regime In Mines Case Study: Tahmoor Coal Mine, Nsw, Australia, Naj Aziz, Ian Porter, F Sereshki Jan 2010

Impacts Of Coal Shrinkage, Permeability And Petrography On Gas Regime In Mines Case Study: Tahmoor Coal Mine, Nsw, Australia, Naj Aziz, Ian Porter, F Sereshki

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The volumetric changes in the coal matrix (Coal Shrinkage), permeability under various gas environment conditions as well as perographical properties were studied in the laboratory. The shrinkage and permeability of coal were examined with respect to changing gas type and confining pressures. The shrinkage tests were carried out in high-pressure bombs while the permeability study was conducted in a specially constructed high-pressure chamber. Methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen, (N2) and a 50%-50% volume mixture of CO2/CH4 gas were used in the study. The tests showed that under different pressure levels gas type affected permeability and shrinkage characteristics ...


Comparison Of Thermal Stability In Max211 And 312 Phases, Wei Kong Pang, It-Meng Low, B H. O'Connor, Andrew J. Studer, Vanessa Peterson, Zheng-Ming Sun, J P. Palmquist Jan 2010

Comparison Of Thermal Stability In Max211 And 312 Phases, Wei Kong Pang, It-Meng Low, B H. O'Connor, Andrew J. Studer, Vanessa Peterson, Zheng-Ming Sun, J P. Palmquist

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The susceptibility of four MAX phases (Ti2AlC, Cr2AlC, Ti3AlC2, and Ti3SiC2) to high-temperature thermal dissociation in vacuum has been investigated using in-situ neutron diffraction.


Feature Selection With Redundancy-Constrained Class Separability, Luping Zhou, Lei Wang, Chunhua Shen Jan 2010

Feature Selection With Redundancy-Constrained Class Separability, Luping Zhou, Lei Wang, Chunhua Shen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Scatter-matrix-based class separability is a simple and efficient feature selection criterion in the literature. However, the conventional trace-based formulation does not take feature redundancy into account and is prone to selecting a set of discriminative but mutually redundant features. In this brief, we first theoretically prove that in the context of this trace-based criterion the existence of sufficiently correlated features can always prevent selecting the optimal feature set. Then, on top of this criterion, we propose the redundancy-constrained feature selection (RCFS). To ensure the algorithm's efficiency and scalability,we study the characteristic of the constraints with which the resulted ...


Response Of 20 Laterally Loaded Piles In Sand, Wei-Dong Guo, Bi Tang Zhu Jan 2010

Response Of 20 Laterally Loaded Piles In Sand, Wei-Dong Guo, Bi Tang Zhu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Closed-form solutions and their associated spreadsheet program (GASLFP) were developed by the first author for laterally loaded free- head piles in elastic-plastic media. The solutions show behaviour of a laterally loaded pile is dominated by net limiting force per unit length (LFP) fully mobilised along the pile to a depth called slip depth. They are characterised by three parameters of Ng, α o and n (to describe the LFP) and the soil shear modulus (Gs). Conversely, these parameters may be deduced by matching the predicted with measured response. To facilitate practical design, in this paper, the input values of Ng ...


Thrust And Bending Moment Of Rigid Piles Subjected To Moving Soil, Wei-Dong Guo, H Y. Qin Jan 2010

Thrust And Bending Moment Of Rigid Piles Subjected To Moving Soil, Wei-Dong Guo, H Y. Qin

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

An experimental apparatus was developed to investigate the behaviour of vertically loaded free-head piles in sand undergoing lateral soil movement(wf). A large number of tests have been conducted to date. Presented herein are 14 typical model pile tests concerning 2 diameters, 2 vertical pile loading levels, and varying sliding depths with the movement Wf driven by a triangular loading block. The results are provided regarding driving force, and induced shear force (T), bending movement (M) and deflection (y) along the piles with Wf/ normalised sliding depth. The tests enable simple expressions to be proposed, capitalised on theory for laterally ...


Model Tests On Free-Standing Passive Pile Groups In Sand, Wei-Dong Guo, E. H. Ghee Jan 2010

Model Tests On Free-Standing Passive Pile Groups In Sand, Wei-Dong Guo, E. H. Ghee

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A number of tests have been conducted to investigate response of vertically loaded capped pile groups in sand undergoing uniform lateral soil movement. The development of shear force, bending moment and deflection along the piles was measured. Presented in this paper are 4 tests on 2-pile free-standing groups, with a view to establish solutions for predicting the pile response. It was concluded that (1) maximum bending moment Mmax is largely linearly related to the sliding force Tmax in stable and moving layers; (2) The combined impact of pile-cap fixity, soil movement profiles, and axial load may be quantified by a ...


High-Energy, Picosecond, Cryogenic Yb:Yag Chirped-Pulse Amplifier At Khz Repetition Rates For Opcpa Pumping, Kyung-Han Hong, Juliet Gopinath, Darren Rand, Aleem M. Siddiqui, Shu-Wei Huang, Enbang Li, Benjamin J. Eggleton, John D. Hybl, Tso Yee Fan, Franz X. Kartner Jan 2010

High-Energy, Picosecond, Cryogenic Yb:Yag Chirped-Pulse Amplifier At Khz Repetition Rates For Opcpa Pumping, Kyung-Han Hong, Juliet Gopinath, Darren Rand, Aleem M. Siddiqui, Shu-Wei Huang, Enbang Li, Benjamin J. Eggleton, John D. Hybl, Tso Yee Fan, Franz X. Kartner

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

We report on the development of a 50-mJ-class ~10-ps chirped-pulse amplifier at kHz repetition rates using cryogenic Yb:YAG regenerative and multi-pass amplifiers. The system is well suited as pump laser for kHz high-average-power ultra-broadband OPCPAs. '2010 Optical Society of America


Gmp‐Based Channel Estimation For Single‐Carrier Transmissions Over Doubly Selective Channels, Qinghua Guo, Defeng (David) Huang Jan 2010

Gmp‐Based Channel Estimation For Single‐Carrier Transmissions Over Doubly Selective Channels, Qinghua Guo, Defeng (David) Huang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

We present a graph-based channel estimation approach for SC-IFDE (single-carrier transmissions with iterative frequency domain equalization) without CP (cyclic prefix) over doubly selective channels using the recently developed Gaussian message passing (GMP) technique. A direct application of the GMP updating rules in the FFG (Forney-style factor graph) of the SC-IFDE system model incurs high complexity. Approximate updating rules are therefore developed to overcome this problem. The proposed GMP-based channel estimation approach has similar complexity as the low-complexity Kalman-filtering based frequency domain channel estimation approach in the literature, but significantly outperforms the latter due to its enhanced capability in capturing the ...


Mechanism Of Sediment Transport In Uni-Directional, Bi-Directional Flows, Shu-Qing Yang Jan 2010

Mechanism Of Sediment Transport In Uni-Directional, Bi-Directional Flows, Shu-Qing Yang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The aim of the present study is to investigate the relationship between flow strength and sediment discharge. The appropriate definition of energy dissipation rate E in Bagnold's theorem is discussed and it is found that the sediment transport rate g, in unidirectional and bi-directional flows can be well predicted when E is defined as the product of bed shear stress T. and near bed velocity u. then the linear relationship between u. E and the sediment transport rate is examined using measured data. The good agreement between measured and predicted values indicates that the phenomena of sediment transport can ...


Uniform Regularity In A Wedge And Regularity Of Traces Of Cr Functions, Luca Baracco, Stefano Pinton, Tran Vu Khanh Jan 2010

Uniform Regularity In A Wedge And Regularity Of Traces Of Cr Functions, Luca Baracco, Stefano Pinton, Tran Vu Khanh

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

No abstract provided.


Flicker Mitigation Strategy For Dfigs During Variable Wind Conditions, Lasantha Meegahapola, Brendan Fox, Damian Flynn Jan 2010

Flicker Mitigation Strategy For Dfigs During Variable Wind Conditions, Lasantha Meegahapola, Brendan Fox, Damian Flynn

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper presents a flicker mitigation scheme for the doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) during variable wind conditions. The flicker mitigation strategy was developed based on the distribution line X/R ratio and the active power deviation from the average active power during variable wind conditions. Flicker emission was analyzed using a flicker meter based on the IEC standards. Both short-term and long-term flicker severities were analyzed during the time period of study. The flicker mitigation strategy was evaluated under different system conditions such as X/R ratio, distribution line length, shortcircuit capacity (SCC), and wind variability. It is shown that ...


Head Pose Estimation Based On Extended Non-Negative Matrix Factorization, Ce Zhan, Wanqing Li, Philip Ogunbona Jan 2010

Head Pose Estimation Based On Extended Non-Negative Matrix Factorization, Ce Zhan, Wanqing Li, Philip Ogunbona

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

One popular solution to head pose estimation is to formulate it as a pattern classication problem, and treat the holistic facial appearance as the input to classiers. However, since the face appearance contains all kinds of information, the variation caused by other factors such as identity, expression and lighting may be larger than that caused by dierent head poses. Thus, the key challenge of these appearance based methods lies in constructing a feature subspace that could successfully recovers head pose while ignoring other sources of image variation. In this paper, following the intuition of combining parts to form a whole ...


Compressive Evaluation In Human Motion Tracking, Yifan Lu, Lei Wang, Richard Hartley, Hongdong Li, Dan Xu Jan 2010

Compressive Evaluation In Human Motion Tracking, Yifan Lu, Lei Wang, Richard Hartley, Hongdong Li, Dan Xu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The powerful theory of compressive sensing enables an efficient way to recover sparse or compressible signals from non-adaptive, sub-Nyquist-rate linear measurements. In particular, it has been shown that random projections can well approximate an isometry, provided that the number of linear measurements is no less than twice of the sparsity level of the signal. Inspired by these, we propose a compressive anneal particle filter to exploit sparsity existing in image-based human motion tracking. Instead of performing full signal recovery, we evaluate the observation likelihood directly in the compressive domain of the observed images. Moreover, we introduce a progressive multilevel wavelet ...


Development Of A Simplified Readout For A Compact Gamma Camera Based On 2×2 H8500 Multi-Anode Pspmt Array, Yujin Qi, Meng Liu, Xuezhu Zhang, Cuilan Zhao, Jian Song, Hualin Zhang Jan 2010

Development Of A Simplified Readout For A Compact Gamma Camera Based On 2×2 H8500 Multi-Anode Pspmt Array, Yujin Qi, Meng Liu, Xuezhu Zhang, Cuilan Zhao, Jian Song, Hualin Zhang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The aim of this study was to develop a highperformance simplified readout electronic for a compact gamma camera to achieve a maximized performance in its intrinsic spatial resolution. This compact camera is based on a pixellated NaI(Tl) crystal with 1.2 mm×1.2 mm×5 mm pixel element and 1.4 mm pixel pitch coupled to a 2×2 Hamamatsu H8500 multi-anode position sensitive photomultiplier tube (PSPMT) array. The design of the simplified readout is based on novel two-stage charge divisions with Truncated Center-of-Gravity (TCOG) positioning method to maximize the detector performance. The performance of the compact camera ...


Efficient Structured Support Vector Regression, Ke Jia, Lei Wang, Nianjun Liu Jan 2010

Efficient Structured Support Vector Regression, Ke Jia, Lei Wang, Nianjun Liu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Support Vector Regression (SVR) has been a long standing problem in machine learning, and gains its popularity on various computer vision tasks. In this paper, we propose a structured support vector regression framework by extending the max-margin principle to incorporate spatial correlations among neighboring pixels. The objective function in our framework considers both label information and pairwise features, helping to achieve better cross-smoothing over neighboring nodes. With the bundle method, we effectively reduce the number of constraints and alleviate the adverse effect of outliers, leading to an efficient and robust learning algorithm. Moreover, we conduct a thorough analysis for the ...


Efficient Spectral Feature Selection With Minimum Redundancy, Zheng Zhao, Lei Wang, Huan Liu Jan 2010

Efficient Spectral Feature Selection With Minimum Redundancy, Zheng Zhao, Lei Wang, Huan Liu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Spectral feature selection identifies relevant features by measuring their capability of preserving sample similarity. It provides a powerful framework for both supervised and unsupervised feature selection, and has been proven to be effective in many real-world applications. One common drawback associated with most existing spectral feature selection algorithms is that they evaluate features individually and cannot identify redundant features. Since redundant features can have significant adverse effect on learning performance, it is necessary to address this limitation for spectral feature selection. To this end, we propose a novel spectral feature selection algorithm to handle feature redundancy, adopting an embedded model ...


A Multi-Resolution Approach To Learning With Overlapping Communities, Lei Tang, Xufei Wang, Huan Liu, Lei Wang Jan 2010

A Multi-Resolution Approach To Learning With Overlapping Communities, Lei Tang, Xufei Wang, Huan Liu, Lei Wang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The recent few years have witnessed a rapid surge of par- ticipatory web and social media, enabling a new laboratory for studying human relations and collective behavior on an unprecedented scale. In this work, we attempt to harness the predictive power of social connections to determine the preferences or behaviors of individuals such as whether a user supports a certain political view, whether one likes one product, whether he/she would like to vote for a presidential candidate, etc. Since an actor is likely to participate in mul- tiple dierent communities with each regulating the actor's behavior in varying ...


A Scalable Algorithm For Learning A Mahalanobis Distance Metric, Junae Kim, Chunhua Shen, Lei Wang Jan 2010

A Scalable Algorithm For Learning A Mahalanobis Distance Metric, Junae Kim, Chunhua Shen, Lei Wang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A distance metric that can accurately re°ect the intrinsic characteristics of data is critical for visual recognition tasks. An e®ective solution to de¯ning such a metric is to learn it from a set of training sam- ples. In this work, we propose a fast and scalable algorithm to learn a Ma- halanobis distance. By employing the principle of margin maximization to secure better generalization performances, this algorithm formulates the metric learning as a convex optimization problem with a positive semide¯nite (psd) matrix variable. Based on an important theorem that a psd matrix with trace of one ...


Balanced Truncation Of Linear Second-Order Systems: A Hamiltonian Approach, Carsten Hartmann, Valentina-Mira Vulcanov, Christof Schutte Jan 2010

Balanced Truncation Of Linear Second-Order Systems: A Hamiltonian Approach, Carsten Hartmann, Valentina-Mira Vulcanov, Christof Schutte

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

We present a formal procedure for structure-preserving model reduction of linear second-order and Hamiltonian control problems that appear in a variety of physical contexts, e.g., vibromechanical systems or electrical circuit design. Typical balanced truncation methods that project onto the subspace of the largest Hankel singular values fail to preserve the problem's physical structure and may suffer from lack of stability. In this paper, we adopt the framework of generalized Hamiltonian systems that covers the class of relevant problems and that allows for a generalization of balanced truncation to second-order problems. It turns out that the Hamiltonian structure, stability ...


Coastal Reservoir In Murray-Darling River And Its Useful Experience For Yellow River, Shu-Qing Yang Jan 2010

Coastal Reservoir In Murray-Darling River And Its Useful Experience For Yellow River, Shu-Qing Yang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

this paper deals with the similarities between the Yellow River Basin and Murray - Darling River Basin. It is found that two of them are facing similar problems, such as water shortage, poor quality for water supply and decreasing runoff etc. Two basins suffer the sharp temporal and spatial variation in water resources, which results in flood threat and water stress alternatively. Consequently these two rivers have attracted global attention due to their significant impacts on their local economical development and ecological system. To alleviate the water stress conditions, this paper investigates the feasibility of coastal reservoirs at the river mouths ...


Computational Intelligence For Carbon-Centric Computing, John Fulcher Jan 2010

Computational Intelligence For Carbon-Centric Computing, John Fulcher

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The focus of this paper is twofold: firstly we make a case for the use of Computational Intelligence (CI) techniques in the modelling and/or prediction of global weather, CO2 emissions, climate change and similar endeavours. CI exploits processes found in Nature, albeit by way of software simulations on digital computers (i.e. in silico), and excel in particular at pattern recognition and/or classification. Moreover, they are characterized as being non-algorithmic, bottom-up, data-driven, and learn-by-example. The second focus of this paper is to propose the use of carbonrather than silicon-based computing, specifically in the form of DNA (or molecular ...


Liner Shipping Fleet Deployment With Cargo Transshipment And Demand Uncertainty, S Wang, Q Meng Jan 2010

Liner Shipping Fleet Deployment With Cargo Transshipment And Demand Uncertainty, S Wang, Q Meng

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper addresses a novel liner shipping fleet deployment problem characterized by cargo transshipment, multiple container routing options and uncertain demand, with the objective of maximizing the expected profit. This problem is formulated as a stochastic program and solved by the sample average approximation method. In this technique the objective function of the stochastic program is approximated by a sample average estimate derived from a random sample, and then the resulting deterministic program is solved. This process is repeated with different samples to obtain a good candidate solution along with the statistical estimate of its optimality gap. We apply the ...


Influence Of Hydrogen Content On Hot Deformation Behavior And Microstructural Evolution Of Ti600 Alloy, J W. Zhao, H Ding, H L. Hou, Z Q. Li Jan 2010

Influence Of Hydrogen Content On Hot Deformation Behavior And Microstructural Evolution Of Ti600 Alloy, J W. Zhao, H Ding, H L. Hou, Z Q. Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Isothermal hot compression tests of a Ti600 alloy after hydrogenation were carried out over the temperature range of 760 to 880℃ and strain rate range of 0.01 to 10 s-1. The influence of hydrogen content was studied on the flow stress and activation energy of deformation. The microstructural changes were examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results show that the addition of 0.3% hydrogen in Ti600 alloy can decrease the hot deformation temperature by 80 ◦C and increase the deformation strain rate by two orders of magnitude. Both the flow stress and activation energy of deformation of ...


On Pogorelov Estimates For Monge-Ampere Type Equations, Jiakun Liu, Neil Trudinger Jan 2010

On Pogorelov Estimates For Monge-Ampere Type Equations, Jiakun Liu, Neil Trudinger

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper, we prove interior second derivative estimates of Pogorelov type for a general form of Monge-Ampère equation which includes the optimal transportation equation. The estimate extends that in a previous work with Xu-Jia Wang and assumes only that the matrix function in the equation is regular with respect to the gradient variables, that is it satisfies a weak form of the condition introduced previously by Ma,Trudinger and Wang for regularity of optimal transport mappings. We also indicate briefly an application to optimal transportation.


Noncommutative Atiyah-Patodi-Singer Boundary Conditions And Index Pairings In Kk-Theory, Alan L. Carey, John Phillips, Adam C. Rennie Jan 2010

Noncommutative Atiyah-Patodi-Singer Boundary Conditions And Index Pairings In Kk-Theory, Alan L. Carey, John Phillips, Adam C. Rennie

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

We investigate an extension of ideas of Atiyah-Patodi-Singer (APS) to a noncommutative geometry setting framed in terms of Kasparov modules. We use a mapping cone construction to relate odd index pairings to even index pairings with APS boundary conditions in the setting of KK-theory, generalising the commutative theory. We find that Cuntz-Krieger systems provide a natural class of examples for our construction and the index pairings coming from APS boundary conditions yield complete K-theoretic information about certain graph C*-algebras


Hippocampal Shape Classification Using Redundancy Constrained Feature Selection, Luping Zhou, Lei Wang, Chunhua Shen, Nick Barnes Jan 2010

Hippocampal Shape Classification Using Redundancy Constrained Feature Selection, Luping Zhou, Lei Wang, Chunhua Shen, Nick Barnes

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Landmark-based 3D hippocampal shape classification involves high-dimensional descriptor space, many noisy and redundant features, and a very small number of training samples. Feature selection becomes critical in this situation, because it not only improves classification performance, but also identifies the regions that contribute more to shape discrimination. This work identifies the drawbacks of SVM-RFE, and proposes a novel class-separability-based feature selection approach to overcome them. We formulate feature selection as a constrained integer optimization and develop a new algorithm to efficiently and optimally solve this problem. Theoretical analysis and experimental study on both synthetic data and real hippocampus data demonstrate ...


Twisted Cyclic Theory And An Index Theory For The Gauge Invariant Kms State On Cuntz Algebras On, Alan L. Carey, John Phillips, Adam C. Rennie Jan 2010

Twisted Cyclic Theory And An Index Theory For The Gauge Invariant Kms State On Cuntz Algebras On, Alan L. Carey, John Phillips, Adam C. Rennie

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper presents, by example, an index theory appropriate to algebras without trace. Whilst we work exclusively with the Cuntz algebras the exposition is designed to indicate how to develop a general theory. Our main result is an index theorem (formulated in terms of spectral flow) using a twisted cyclic cocycle where the twisting comes from the modular automorphism group for the canonical gauge action on the Cuntz algebra. We introduce a modified K1-group of the Cuntz algebra so as to pair with this twisted cocycle. As a corollary we obtain a noncommutative geometry interpretation for Araki's notion of ...


Stabilisation Of An Erodible Soil Using A Chemical Admixture, Jayan S. Vinod, B Indraratna, Md A. Al Mahamud Jan 2010

Stabilisation Of An Erodible Soil Using A Chemical Admixture, Jayan S. Vinod, B Indraratna, Md A. Al Mahamud

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Internal erosional behaviour of a lignosulfonate-treated dispersive soil has been studied using apparatus designed and built at University of Wollongong. The effectiveness of lignosulfonate-treated dispersive clay on its erosion resistance has been investigated and its advantages over traditional admixtures (cement) have been presented. Lignosulfonate is a non-toxic admixture that can stabilise certain erodible and dispersive soils effectively, without causing any adverse environmental impact on the ground unlike some traditional stabilisers. Test results show that the erosional parameters such as critical shear stress and coefficient of soil erosion are improved with the increase in the amount of lignosulfonate. Knowledge about the ...