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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Job Aids To Improve Association For Behavior Analysis Convention Scheduling, Robert J. Schnarrs Dec 1995

Job Aids To Improve Association For Behavior Analysis Convention Scheduling, Robert J. Schnarrs

Honors Theses

The Association for Behavior Analysis holds an annual convention that includes over 800 events and presentations and 1500 participants. The annual ABA Convention also draws over 2400 attendees. The scheduling and coordination of the annual convention is complex, labor intensive, and expensive. Because of the large amount of information, errors can and do occur.


A Study Of Reasons For Non-Payment Of Child Support By Non-Custodial Parents, Sumati N. Dubey Dec 1995

A Study Of Reasons For Non-Payment Of Child Support By Non-Custodial Parents, Sumati N. Dubey

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The federal government became involved with child support in 1935 when it established Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) under the Social Security Act, 1935 to allow communities to be financially responsible for children whose parents had died or had deserted them. (Lieberman, 1986). The Child Support and Establishment of Paternity Act (1975) created title IV-D of the Social Security Act (PL93-647), made the Department of Health and Human Services responsible for administering the Child Support Enforcement Program, and created the Federal Office of Child Support Enforcement. Title IV-D required all states to: 1) Establish a parent locator service ...


Review Of The Scar Of Race. Paul M. Sniderman And Thomas Piazza. Reviewed By Barbara W. White, University Of Texas At Austin., Barbara W. White Dec 1995

Review Of The Scar Of Race. Paul M. Sniderman And Thomas Piazza. Reviewed By Barbara W. White, University Of Texas At Austin., Barbara W. White

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Paul M. Sniderman and Thomas Piazza, The Scar of Race. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993. $19.95 hardcover.


Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 22, No. 4 (December 1995) Dec 1995

Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 22, No. 4 (December 1995)

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • DEMOGRAPHIC DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SHELTERED HOMELESS FAMILIES AND HOUSED POOR FAMILIES: IMPLICATIONS FOR POLICY AND PRACTICE - Alice K. Johnson, Kay Young McChesney, Cynthia J. Rocha, and William H. Butterfield
  • THE PROBLEMATICS OF REPRESENTATION IN COMMUNITY MEDIATION HEARINGS: IMPLICATIONS FOR MEDIATION PRACTICE - Angela Garcia
  • BETWEEN FAMILY OBLIGATION AND SOCIAL CARE-THE SIGNIFICANCE OF INSTITUTIONAL CARE FOR THE ELDERLY IN JAPAN - Raija Hashimoto and Mutsuko Takahashi
  • AMERASIAN REFUGEES: SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS, SERVICE NEEDS, AND MENTAL HEALTH - Hisashi Hirayama and Muammer Cetingok
  • FROM WELFARE STATE TO SOCIAL COMPACTS: WELFARE TRANSFORMATION IN POLAND - David Stoesz and Mark W. Lusk
  • MAXIMIZING CREDIBILITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY IN ...


The Effects Of Professional Disclosure Statements On Counselors-In-Training Perceptions Of Supervision, John Richard Howie Dec 1995

The Effects Of Professional Disclosure Statements On Counselors-In-Training Perceptions Of Supervision, John Richard Howie

Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Adult Male Assaultive Behavior And Correlates With The Mmpi-2, Tom G. Lanning Dec 1995

Adult Male Assaultive Behavior And Correlates With The Mmpi-2, Tom G. Lanning

Dissertations

This study was descriptive in nature and examined the relationship between demographic variables, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) variables, and levels of violence as measured by the Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS) (Straus, 1979). The research sample consisted of 44 males entering a treatment program for male batterers. All participants completed a research protocol during a required assessment consisting of: (a) a General Information Sheet, (b) the MMPI-2, and (c) the CTS. The CTS was the only instrument administered solely for research purposes.

The MMPI-2 data were used to construct a sample composite mean profile. MMPI-2 data were also divided into ...


The Effects Of Background Music On Initial Counseling Sessions, Stella Elaine Dial Dec 1995

The Effects Of Background Music On Initial Counseling Sessions, Stella Elaine Dial

Dissertations

No abstract provided.


State Terrorism In The Arab-Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Social Constructionism And The Question Of Power, Amani Michael Awwad Dec 1995

State Terrorism In The Arab-Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Social Constructionism And The Question Of Power, Amani Michael Awwad

Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Facilitative Characteristics Of Supervisors, Elizabeth A. Olson Dec 1995

Facilitative Characteristics Of Supervisors, Elizabeth A. Olson

Dissertations

The relationship between supervisors’ facilitative characteristics and students’ willingness to learn and receptivity in supervision was the focus of this study. Forty Master’s level students, enrolled in a clinical practicum, rated their supervisors’ Empathetic Understanding, Regard, Congruence, Unconditionality, and Willingness to be Known on the Revised Relational Inventory (RRI) (Barrett-Lennard, 1962; Schacht, Howe, & Berman, 1988) and evaluated themselves on their willingness to learn in supervision and receptivity to supervisors’ feedback using the Supervision Perception Form (SPF) (Heppner & Roehike, 1984). Supervisors also participated by rating themselves with each student on these five relational characteristics and evaluating each student on the ...


Toward A Comprehensive Model Of Parent-Teen Socialization: The Antecedents And Consequents Of Parent-Teen Interaction, Gregory L. Sanders Dec 1995

Toward A Comprehensive Model Of Parent-Teen Socialization: The Antecedents And Consequents Of Parent-Teen Interaction, Gregory L. Sanders

Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Multiple Personality Disorder And Major Depression: A Comparative Study, Mary L. Wassink Dec 1995

Multiple Personality Disorder And Major Depression: A Comparative Study, Mary L. Wassink

Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Liberal Democratic Party Of Japan: Its Organization And Decision Making Process, Hiroyuki Ikeba Dec 1995

The Liberal Democratic Party Of Japan: Its Organization And Decision Making Process, Hiroyuki Ikeba

Master's Theses

This study analyzes the behavior of the politicians of the Liberal Democratic Party of Japan (LDP) and the decision making process of the LDP. This study draws heavily on Japanese language sources as well as interviews with leading Japanese Diet persons.

The characteristics of Japanese culture are explained by introducing the works of three scholars. They are: Ruth Benedict, Chie Nakane, and Takeo Doi. It was discovered that the relationships among LDP Diet persons and between supporters and Diet persons are based on traditional societal norms. Furthermore, it was found that the decision making process of the LDP was in ...


Maximizing Credibility And Accountability In Qualitative Data Collection And Data Analysis: A Social Work Research Case Example, Sandra K. Beeman Dec 1995

Maximizing Credibility And Accountability In Qualitative Data Collection And Data Analysis: A Social Work Research Case Example, Sandra K. Beeman

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

A case example demonstrates the use of qualitative methods of data collection and data analysis that balance structure and flexibility, and maximize credibility and accountability. Data collection methods use sensitizing concepts from past research and theory and allow for the discovery of respondent-defined meanings. This approach comparatively analyzes cases, structures and documents data analysis steps, and utilizes external reviewers of case materials. The development and use of methods that maximize credibility and accountability will increase their acceptance among social workers and will benefit the profession by adding empirically-grounded depth and insight to its knowledge base.


Amerasian Refugees: Social Characteristics, Service Needs, And Mental Health, Hisashi Hirayama, Muammer Cetingok Dec 1995

Amerasian Refugees: Social Characteristics, Service Needs, And Mental Health, Hisashi Hirayama, Muammer Cetingok

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Since 1983, more than 34,000 Amerasians and their 48,000 accompanying family members from Vietnam have been resettled in the United States of America. Having American fathers whose race and ethnicity are very differentfrom traditional Vietnamese, these children were considered outcasts by members of their own culture and,for the most part, led marginal lives in Vietnam. This article presents findings of a study conducted on a sample of 80 Amerasian refugees who have resettled in a large Southern city within the last two years. The study's intent was to identify the current social characteristics, service needs, and ...


Demographic Differences Between Sheltered Homeless Families And Housed Poor Families: Implications For Policy And Practice, Alice K. Johnson, Kay Young Mcchesney, Cynthia J. Rocha, William H. Butterfield Dec 1995

Demographic Differences Between Sheltered Homeless Families And Housed Poor Families: Implications For Policy And Practice, Alice K. Johnson, Kay Young Mcchesney, Cynthia J. Rocha, William H. Butterfield

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This study compares homeless families with a representative sample of low income family households in St. Louis city and county to determine how they differ on key demographic variables. The research addresses methodological problems in prior research by comparing the findings of this study's random sample to the findings of four previous comparison studies. Findings from this study's random comparison sample are presented. Homeless families are significantly younger, never married, female-headed families of color. Housed and homeless families are not significantly different in the number of children or in the educational level of the head of household but ...


Review Of New Perspectives On The Northern Ireland Conflict. Adrian Guelke (Ed.). Reviewed By John F. Jones, University Of Denver., John F. Jones Dec 1995

Review Of New Perspectives On The Northern Ireland Conflict. Adrian Guelke (Ed.). Reviewed By John F. Jones, University Of Denver., John F. Jones

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Adrian Guelke (Ed.), New Perspectives on the Northern Ireland Conflict. Brookfield, VT: Avebury, 1994. $54.95 hardcover.


Sociology And The Race Problem: Failure Of A Perspective. James B. Mckee. Reviewed By Charles Jaret, Georgia State University., Charles Jaret Dec 1995

Sociology And The Race Problem: Failure Of A Perspective. James B. Mckee. Reviewed By Charles Jaret, Georgia State University., Charles Jaret

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

James B. McKee, Sociology and the Race Problem: The Failure of a Perspective. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1993. $39.95 hardcover, $16.95 papercover.


Public Spending On Income-Tested Social Welfare Programs For Investment And Consumption Purposes, Martha N. Ozawa Dec 1995

Public Spending On Income-Tested Social Welfare Programs For Investment And Consumption Purposes, Martha N. Ozawa

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The Clinton administration contends that public spending for investment should be increased, but public spending for consumption should be decreased. This article reports findings from a study that investigated the trend in public spending from 1975 to 1992 for social welfare programs that are targeted to low-income families and individuals. The study found that public spending for social welfare programs for investment purposes declined generally during that period and public spending for consumption purposes increased primarily because of the increase in medical benefits.


Between Family Obligation And Social Care-The Significance Of Institutional Care For The Elderly In Japan, Raija Hashimoto, Mutsuko Takahashi Dec 1995

Between Family Obligation And Social Care-The Significance Of Institutional Care For The Elderly In Japan, Raija Hashimoto, Mutsuko Takahashi

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The multifaceted significance of institutional care for elderly people in contemporary Japan is analyzed. An overview of the changes in the demographic structure in Japan is provided. Changes in the social environment of care for elderly people in the postwar period are discussed. In regard to the recent trends of welfare policy for elderly people, development of the variety of institutional care for the elderly is briefly described. By providing concrete examples of cases observed at an institution where the first author of this article has been working for many years, analysis is made of what causes individuals to opt ...


Race And Culture: A World View. Thomas Sowell. Dec 1995

Race And Culture: A World View. Thomas Sowell.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Thomas Sowell, Race and Culture: A World View. New York: Basic Books, 1994. $24 hardcover.


Negotiators Of Change: Historical Perspectives On Native American Women. Nancy Shoemaker. Dec 1995

Negotiators Of Change: Historical Perspectives On Native American Women. Nancy Shoemaker.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Nancy Shoemaker (Ed.), Negotiators of Change: Historical Perspectives on Native American Women. New York: Routledge, 1995. $17.95 papercover.


Experiencing And Counseling Multicultural And Diverse Populations. Nicholas A. Vacc, Susan B. De Vaney And Joe Wittmer (Eds.). Dec 1995

Experiencing And Counseling Multicultural And Diverse Populations. Nicholas A. Vacc, Susan B. De Vaney And Joe Wittmer (Eds.).

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Nicholas A. Vacc, Susan B. De Vaney and Joe Wittmer (Eds.), Experiencing and Counseling Multicultural and Diverse Populations. Bristol, PA: Taylor and Francis, 1995. $34.95 hardcover.


The Problematics Of Representation In Community Mediation Hearings: Implications For Mediation Practice, Angela Garcia Dec 1995

The Problematics Of Representation In Community Mediation Hearings: Implications For Mediation Practice, Angela Garcia

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Empowering disputants to represent themselves and create their own agreement is a frequently cited goal of community mediation programs. This paper explores how disputants' positions and interests are represented in mediation, and investigates the implications of such representation for the negotiation process. This narrative analysis of transcripts of videotaped community mediation hearings shows that disputant self-representation in mediation is never unconstrained. The interactional organization of mediation and the actions of mediators work to limit and define how disputants formulate their utterances. Mediator representation of disputants varies in the degree of intervention or coercion applied. Mediators may limit themselves to rephrasing ...


Color, Culture, Civilization: Race And Minority Issues In American Society. Stanford M. Lyman. Dec 1995

Color, Culture, Civilization: Race And Minority Issues In American Society. Stanford M. Lyman.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Stanford M. Lyman, Color, Culture, Civilization: Race and Minority Issues in American Society. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1994. $44.95 hardcover.


Review Of The Color Of Welfare: How Racism Undermined The War On Poverty. Jill Quadagno. Reviewed By James Midgley, Louisiana State University., James Midgley Dec 1995

Review Of The Color Of Welfare: How Racism Undermined The War On Poverty. Jill Quadagno. Reviewed By James Midgley, Louisiana State University., James Midgley

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Jill Quadagno, The Color of Welfare: How Racism Undermined the War on Poverty. New York: Oxford University Press, 1004. $24.00 hardcover.


Review Of Research On The African-American Family: A Holistic Perspective. Robert B. Hill. Reviewed By Dorcas D. Bowles, University Of Texas At Arlington., Dorcas D. Bowles Dec 1995

Review Of Research On The African-American Family: A Holistic Perspective. Robert B. Hill. Reviewed By Dorcas D. Bowles, University Of Texas At Arlington., Dorcas D. Bowles

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Robert B. Hill, Research on the African-American Family: A Holistic Perspective. Westport, CT: Auburn House, 1993. $47.95 hardcover; $15.95 papercover.


Multicultural Clients: A Professional Handbook For Health Care Providers And Social Workers. Sybil M. Lassiter. Dec 1995

Multicultural Clients: A Professional Handbook For Health Care Providers And Social Workers. Sybil M. Lassiter.

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Sybil M. Lassiter, Multicultural Clients: A Professional Handbook for Health Care Providers and Social Workers. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1995. $65.00 hardcover.


Equal Employment Opportunity: Labor Market Discrimination And Public Policy. Paul Burstein (Ed.). Dec 1995

Equal Employment Opportunity: Labor Market Discrimination And Public Policy. Paul Burstein (Ed.).

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Paul Burstein (Ed.) Equal Employment Opportunity: Labor Market Discrimination and Public Policy. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter, 1994. $54.95 hardcover, $25.95 papercover.


From Welfare State To Social Compacts: Welfare Transformation In Poland, David Stoesz, Mark W. Lusk Dec 1995

From Welfare State To Social Compacts: Welfare Transformation In Poland, David Stoesz, Mark W. Lusk

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Recent social, political, and economic development have strained the credibility of conventional constructs for organizing social welfare. In contrast to the "welfare state" construct that evolved during the industrial era, a "Social Compact" model is presented as more consonant with a postindustrial context. Features of the social compact are discussed, as well as its applicability to Poland.


Proposition 48 And Proposition 42 In The Ncaa: A Social Constructionist Case Study, Kevin R. Cole Dec 1995

Proposition 48 And Proposition 42 In The Ncaa: A Social Constructionist Case Study, Kevin R. Cole

Master's Theses

The controversy surrounding the creation and implementation of two National Collegiate Athletic Association student-athlete eligibility rules, Proposition 48 and Proposition 42, was the focus of this study. The two rules required that a student's scholastic grade point average and SAT scores be factored into scholarship and athletic admissions decisions. By describing the unfolding social process respecting the creation of these two eligibility rules, this study addressed issues vital to rule creating processes in general.

The social constructionist perspective was utilized as a theoretical guide for this study, allowing for the examination of claims makers and their social claims regarding ...