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Western Michigan University

Archaeological Technical Reports

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25-Archaeological Investigations In The Ross Field Industrial Park, Benton Charter Township, Berrien County, Michigan (Er-900557), William M. Cremin, Gregory R. Walz, Timothy D. Knapp Jan 1991

25-Archaeological Investigations In The Ross Field Industrial Park, Benton Charter Township, Berrien County, Michigan (Er-900557), William M. Cremin, Gregory R. Walz, Timothy D. Knapp

Archaeological Technical Reports

With the execution of two contracts between the Community Economic Development Corporation and Western Michigan University, authorizing archaeological investigation of the Ross Field Industrial Park in Sections 8~9, Benton Charter Township, Berrien County, Michigan, archaeologists from the Department of Anthropology undertook a literature, documents, and site file search and on 3 Apr and 5 Apr 91 surveyed the study area in order to determine whether proposed construction activities would have an adverse impact on cultural resources. This Phase I program of research was, in turn, followed by Phase II survey and testing of identified resources in selected portions of ...


24-Archaeological Test Excavations At The Jean Klock Park Site (2dbe413), City Of Benton Harbor, Michigan, William M. Cremin, Gregory R. Walz, Daniel B. Goatley, Timothy D. Knapp Jan 1991

24-Archaeological Test Excavations At The Jean Klock Park Site (2dbe413), City Of Benton Harbor, Michigan, William M. Cremin, Gregory R. Walz, Daniel B. Goatley, Timothy D. Knapp

Archaeological Technical Reports

During Fall 1990, W.M. Cremin Consulting, under contract to the City of Benton Harbor, Michigan and the Troyer Group of Mishawaka, Indiana, conducted a Phase I archaeological assessment of Jean Klock Park. The study area occupies some 90 acres (36.4 ha) in the NW 1/4 of Section 13, Benton Township (West Part) and extends from the lake shoreline on the west to the interchange of Red Arrow Highway on the east (Fig. 1).

In the late 1950's, the channel of the Paw Paw River was filled to permit construction of this interchange, and the river was ...


23-Archaeological Investigations In The Lower Galien River Valley Of Southwest Michigan, William M. Cremin Jan 1990

23-Archaeological Investigations In The Lower Galien River Valley Of Southwest Michigan, William M. Cremin

Archaeological Technical Reports

Upon receipt of a grant to Western Michigan University and the author on 9 Feb 90 from Galien River Associates to support follow-up investigations an a series of prehistoric sites recorded during archaeological survey of an upland ares overlooking the Lower Galien River near New Buffalo, Michigan last fall (Cremin and Walz 1989), a team of archaeologists returned to the original study area in April and May for eight days of intensive study of eight sites previously recorded. The report which follows provides a description of the data recovery methods employed and the sorts of information retrieyed, an albeit brief ...


21-Archaeological Test Excavations At The Stork Site (2dcs45), Porter Township, Cass County, Michigan, William M. Cremin Jan 1987

21-Archaeological Test Excavations At The Stork Site (2dcs45), Porter Township, Cass County, Michigan, William M. Cremin

Archaeological Technical Reports

With the execution of a Cultural Resource Investigation work authorization (#5-86/87) under contract #85-1115 (MODS ER #1594) between the Michigan Department of Transportation, the Michigan Department of State, and Western Michigan University, calling For Phase II archaeological excavation of that portion of the Stork site (20CS45) lying within the expanded right-of-way on the north side of US-12 in Section 1 of Porter Township, Cass County, Michigan, researchers from the Department of Anthropology began a literature, documents, and site file search, reviewed reports of previous work on the site, and undertook limited test excavations on 1-2 Nov 86 in order ...


22-Phase I Archaeological Survey And Reconnaissance Survey Of Above-Ground Resources Along Us-12 Fadm Us-127 In Woodstock Township To M-50 In Cambridge Township, Lenawee County, Michigan, William M. Cremin, Joann Sporleder Jan 1987

22-Phase I Archaeological Survey And Reconnaissance Survey Of Above-Ground Resources Along Us-12 Fadm Us-127 In Woodstock Township To M-50 In Cambridge Township, Lenawee County, Michigan, William M. Cremin, Joann Sporleder

Archaeological Technical Reports

With the execution of a Cultural Resource Investigation work authorization (#6-86/87) under contract #85-1115 (MOOS EA-00096), on 23 Jan 87 between the Michigan Department of Transportation, the Michigan Department of State, and Western Michigan University, calling for a Phase I archaeological survey and reconnaissance survey of above-ground resources along a 12.1 km (7.5 mi) stretch of US-12 between US-127 and M-50 in Woodstock and Cambridge townships, Lenawee County, Michigan, the University undertook the following:

  1. established an agreement with Crumlish/Sporleder and Associates, Inc. of South Bend, Indiana whereby this architectural firm would undertake the survey of above-ground ...


19-Archaeological Survey Of The I-75nb Welcome Center, Moran Township, Mackinac County, Michigan, William M. Cremin Jan 1986

19-Archaeological Survey Of The I-75nb Welcome Center, Moran Township, Mackinac County, Michigan, William M. Cremin

Archaeological Technical Reports

With the execution of a Cultural Resource Investigation work authorization (#4-86/87) under contract #85-1115 (MDOS ER #9262) betveen the MDOT, the MDOS, and WMU, authorizing a Phase I archaeological survey of the I-75NB Welcome Center in Moran Township, Mackinac County, Michigan, archaeologists undertook a systematic and intensive site location survey of the project area on 12-13 Oct 86.

Employing reconnaissance and shovel testing procedures, the survey team relocated and confirmed the existence of a site(s) in the eastern portion of the project and extending into the adjoining property of the Straits State Park. Although lithic debris and pieces ...


17-Archaeological Investigations At The New Buffalo Weigh Stations, Berrien County, Michigan, William M. Cremin Jan 1986

17-Archaeological Investigations At The New Buffalo Weigh Stations, Berrien County, Michigan, William M. Cremin

Archaeological Technical Reports

With the execution of Work Authorizations under Contract# 85-1115 between the Michigan Department of Transportation, the Michigan Department of State, and Western Michigan University, authorizing Phase I and preliminary Phase II archaeological investigations at the New Buffalo Weigh Stations project along I-94 in Berrien County, Michigan, a team of researchers from the Department of Anthropology performed a systematic and intensive site location survey of the project area on 17 Nov 85 and preliminary test excavation of the New Buffalo Weigh Station site (20BE380) on 22-23 Mar 86.

Following our initial visit to the project in November, surveyors were able to ...


18-Archaeological Survey Of Hiscock #1-11 Well Pad (20ae813) And Access Road, Valley Township, Allegan County, Michigan, Elizabeth B. Garland Jan 1986

18-Archaeological Survey Of Hiscock #1-11 Well Pad (20ae813) And Access Road, Valley Township, Allegan County, Michigan, Elizabeth B. Garland

Archaeological Technical Reports

Project Inception

Michael G. Cote, District Geologist, Department of Natural Resources (Plainwell), contacted Elizabeth Garland by telephone on August 18, 1986, concerning preparation of an oil drilling locality in Valley Township, Allegan County. A map detailing the location was delivered to Garland by a representative of the Petroleum Leasing and Exploration Company (Allegan) the following day. Since the planned well site was seen to be near a stream and within half a mile of a known prehistoric site, an archaeological survey was deemed advisable. Field work was carried out on August 20 and 21 by Garland and two associates from ...


20-Archaeological Survey Of The Us-23 Weigh Stations Project In Whiteford Township, Monroe County, Michigan, William M. Cremin Jan 1986

20-Archaeological Survey Of The Us-23 Weigh Stations Project In Whiteford Township, Monroe County, Michigan, William M. Cremin

Archaeological Technical Reports

With the execution of a Cultural Resource Investigation work authorization (#6-86/87) under contract #85-1115 (MDOS ER #4573), as amended, on 10 Oct 86 between the Michigan Department of Transportation, the Michigan Department of State, and Western Michigan University, authorizing Phase I assessment of the US-23 Weigh Stations project in Whiteford Township, Monroe County, Michigan, archaeologists undertook a systematic and intensive on-site survey of the project on 20-21 Oct 86.

Employing reconnaissance and shovel testing,procedures, the survey team thoroughly examined an area of 25.9 ha (64 acres), making not a single observation of potential significance with respect to ...


12-Phase I Archeological Survey Of The Proposed Fishing Access Site At Calkins Bridge Dam, Allegan County, Michigan, Elizabeth B. Garland Jan 1983

12-Phase I Archeological Survey Of The Proposed Fishing Access Site At Calkins Bridge Dam, Allegan County, Michigan, Elizabeth B. Garland

Archaeological Technical Reports

Initiation of Project

In February of 1983 I was contacted by the State Archaeologist, Dr. John Halsey, regarding plans by the Department of Natural Resources 1 to develop a fishing access site at the Calkins Bridge Dam on the Kalamazoo River in Sec. 15 of Valley Township, Allegan County. Specifically, Dr. Halsey enquired whether this project would adversely affect the Elam Site (20AE195) an important prehistoric site situated near this locality (Figure 1). I info:nmed Dr. Halsey that the Elam Site would not be directly affected, but that the area for the proposed parking lot south of Allegan Dam ...


11-Archaeological Test Excavations At The Galesburg Rest Area, Comstock Township, Kalamazoo County, Michigan, William M. Cremin Jan 1983

11-Archaeological Test Excavations At The Galesburg Rest Area, Comstock Township, Kalamazoo County, Michigan, William M. Cremin

Archaeological Technical Reports

During late October 1982, a team of archaeologists from Western Michigan University conducted Phase II test excavations at three prehistoric sites located in the Galesburg Rest Area project along westbound I-94 in Comstock Township, Kalamazoo County, Michigan. Assessment in each case was achieved by means of a one percent random sample of the estimated site area. A mix of 1 X 1 m and 2 X 2m test squares was utilized, with the soil from each being processed through 6 mm mesh screen to facilitate the recovery of cultural material. Standard methods of recording the data were employed.

Although each ...


14-Archaeological Site Location Survey Of M-44 (East Belt Line), I-96 To 7 Mile Road, Kent County, Michigan, William M. Cremin Jan 1983

14-Archaeological Site Location Survey Of M-44 (East Belt Line), I-96 To 7 Mile Road, Kent County, Michigan, William M. Cremin

Archaeological Technical Reports

Between 21-23 Jun 1983, a team of archaeologists from the Department of Anthropology, W~stern Michigan University conducted a Phase I site_ location survey along M-44 (East Belt Line) from 7 Mile Road in Plainfield Township to I-96 in Grand Rapids Township, Kent County, Michigan. Systematic and intensive on-site evaluation of the project area was accomplished by means of a combination of surface reconnaissance and shovel testing procedures.

The data available to the team prior to the initiation of fieldwork indicated that six archaeological sites occurred in the general area of the project, with perhaps three of these sites lying ...


16-Archaeological Test Excavations At The Yacht Harbor Site (20va57), City Of South Haven, Michigan, William M. Cremin Jan 1983

16-Archaeological Test Excavations At The Yacht Harbor Site (20va57), City Of South Haven, Michigan, William M. Cremin

Archaeological Technical Reports

With the execution of a contract (dated 29 Oct 84) between the Yacht Harbor Development Company and Western Michigan University, authorizing Phase II archaeological assessment of the Yacht Harbor site (20VA57) in the City of South Haven, Michigan, the project Principal Investigator, Dr. William M. Cremin, undertook to design a data recovery strategy, hire the research team, and procure the equipment and supplies necessary to conduct test excavations at this site. The research team then moved to the site, where the Phase II investigation was accomplished on 3-4 Nov 84. There follows a report of the program of research undertaken ...


13- An Archaeological Evaluation Of The M-43/M-89 Intersection North Of The Village Of Richland, Kalamazoo County, Michigan, William M. Cremin, Caven P. Clark Jan 1983

13- An Archaeological Evaluation Of The M-43/M-89 Intersection North Of The Village Of Richland, Kalamazoo County, Michigan, William M. Cremin, Caven P. Clark

Archaeological Technical Reports

On 1 Jun 83, the authors conducted a Phase I site location survey of 1.5 ha of land adjacent to the M-43/M-89 intersection one mile north of the Village of Richland, Kalamazoo County, Michigan. Systematic and intensive evaluation of the project area was accomplished by means of a combination of surface reconnaissance and shovel testing procedures.

Our fieldwork resulted in quick confirmation of the historic Andrew Jackson site (20KZ112) in the NW quadrant of the intersection (SE corner of Section 10), and we also recorded a· second site, the Curtis Farmstead (20KZ189), in the SW quadrant (NE corner ...


8-An Archaeological Survey Of The Expanded Galesburg Rest Area, Comstock Township, Kalamazoo County, Michigan, William M. Cremin Jan 1982

8-An Archaeological Survey Of The Expanded Galesburg Rest Area, Comstock Township, Kalamazoo County, Michigan, William M. Cremin

Archaeological Technical Reports

With the execution of a cooperative agreement (dated 26 Oct 81 and amended 13 May 82) between the Michigan Department of Transportation, the Michigan Department of State, and Western Michigan University, authorizing a Phase I archaeological evaluation of a small tract of land lying adjacent to the Galesburg Rest Area along westbound I-94 in Section 26 of Comstock Township, Kalamazoo County, Michigan, a team of researchers from the Department of Anthropology undertook a literature, documents, and site file search and on-site examination of the parcel in order to determine whether expansion of the existing rest area facilities would have an ...


10-An Archaealogical Survey Of The Proposed Drain Extension Along East Osceola Street, Reed City, Osceola County, Michigan, William M. Cremin Jan 1982

10-An Archaealogical Survey Of The Proposed Drain Extension Along East Osceola Street, Reed City, Osceola County, Michigan, William M. Cremin

Archaeological Technical Reports

The East Osceola Street Drain Extension project comprises a narrow strip of land about 12 m wide by 132 m long and is located in Reed City, Michigan. The parcel was investigated by means of a systematic and intensive program of shovel testing that established both the undisturbed nature of subsurface deposits as suggested in the project description provided by the MOOT and the absence of potentially significant cultural resources. On the basis of the archaeological survey, together with a comprehensive review of the relevant maps, documents, and literature, it can be recommended that the project be permitted to proceed ...


9-Phase Ii Testing Of 20ae622, A Late Woodland Site In Allegan, Michigan, Elizabeth B. Garland Jan 1982

9-Phase Ii Testing Of 20ae622, A Late Woodland Site In Allegan, Michigan, Elizabeth B. Garland

Archaeological Technical Reports

Phase II testing of 20AE622 was carried out under terms of a contract between Western Michigan University and Gardner Management Company of Kalamazoo, Michigan, Mr. Jeff Gardner, President.

Western had conducted a Phase I survey of the project area in .May, 1981. Additional testing of the site was re.commended in the Phase I report (Clark and Garland 1981). In April, 1982, Mr. Gardner requested that we undertake testing of the site and a contractual agreement was signed. The field work was done over a three day period, April 19, 20 and 21, 1982.


4-Phase Ii Testing Of Eight Prehistoric Sites In The Proposed Right-Of-Way Of Us-31, Berrien County, Michigan, Elizabeth B. Garland, Caven P. Clark Jan 1981

4-Phase Ii Testing Of Eight Prehistoric Sites In The Proposed Right-Of-Way Of Us-31, Berrien County, Michigan, Elizabeth B. Garland, Caven P. Clark

Archaeological Technical Reports

In 1979 Western Michigan University undertook the Phase I archae.ological survey of 20 miles along the proposed route of US-31, Matthew Road to I-94, in Berrien County, Michigan. A report on this work by Elizabeth Garland and William Mangold was submitted to the Michigan Department of Transportation and the Michigan Department of State in May, 1980 (Garland and Mangold 1980).

The 1979 site location survey identified eight sites partially or completely within the proposed right-of-way which were deemed to be sufficiently significant to require further testing. Site locations (on topographic maps) are provided on Maps 1-A, 1-B, 2-A, 2-B ...


6-Archaeological Survey Of The Allegan Apartment Project, Allegan, Michigan, Elizabeth B. Garland, Caven P. Clark Jan 1981

6-Archaeological Survey Of The Allegan Apartment Project, Allegan, Michigan, Elizabeth B. Garland, Caven P. Clark

Archaeological Technical Reports

This project was carried out under terms of a contract between Western Michigan University and Gardner Management Company of Kalamazoo, Michigan, Mr. Jeff Gardner, President.

Mr. Gardner requested that this survey be done via a phone call to Elizabeth Garland in early May. He subsequently forwarded maps and provided information necessary for project planning and a budget was prepared. The contract was signed May 20, 1981.


7-An Archaeological Survey Of The Approaches And Bridge Relocation Along Us-12 Over The Fawn River, White Pigeon Township, St. Joseph County, Michigan, William M. Cremin Jan 1981

7-An Archaeological Survey Of The Approaches And Bridge Relocation Along Us-12 Over The Fawn River, White Pigeon Township, St. Joseph County, Michigan, William M. Cremin

Archaeological Technical Reports

Pursuant to the signing of a cooperative agreement (dated 4 Sep 81) between the Michigan Department of Transportation, the Michigan Department of State and Western Michigan University, authorizing an archaeological survey of the approaches and bridge relocation along US-12 over the Fawn River near White Pigeon in St. Joseph County, Michigan, a team of archaeologists from the Department of Anthropology initiated a literature and documents search and on-site evaluation of the project area in order to ascertain whether road improvement activities planned for this segment of the US-12 corridor would adversely impact cultural resources. There follows a report of this ...


1-Final Report Of The Archaeological Site Examination Of The Proposed Route Of U.S. 31, Matthew Road To I-94, Berrien County, Michigan., Elizabeth Garland, William Mangold May 1980

1-Final Report Of The Archaeological Site Examination Of The Proposed Route Of U.S. 31, Matthew Road To I-94, Berrien County, Michigan., Elizabeth Garland, William Mangold

Archaeological Technical Reports

Initial discussions with the Michigan Department of Transportation regarding archaeological survey of the proposed right of way of U.S. 31, Mattbew Road to I-94, in Berrien County, took place in May of 1979. Contractural arrangements for the project were subsequently completed between Western MHhi gan University and the Department of Transportation, with Dr. Elizabeth Garland as Principal Investigator. Start up date for the project was June 18, 1979.

All project personnel are from the Department of Anthropology, Western Michigan University. A roster follows:

  • Principal Investigator: Elizabeth B. Garland, Ph.D. Professor of Anthropology
  • Field Supervisor: William Mangold, graduate student ...


2-Final Report Of The Archaeological Site Examination Of The U.S. 12 Mottville Bridge And Approaches Replacement Project, St. Joseph And Cass Counties, Michigan, Elizabeth Garland Apr 1980

2-Final Report Of The Archaeological Site Examination Of The U.S. 12 Mottville Bridge And Approaches Replacement Project, St. Joseph And Cass Counties, Michigan, Elizabeth Garland

Archaeological Technical Reports

The survey area includes a total distance of about two miles extending east and west of the village of Mottville along U.S. 12 in St. Joseph and Cass Counties, Michigan. The village of Mottville is located in St. Joseph County. Three alternates have been proposed by MOOT for widening the approaches and replacing the existing bridge which crosses the St. Joseph River north of Mottville (Fig. 1).

Alternate A involves relocating the bridge to a position north of the present crossing which wo~ld have the effect of straightening the approaches in each direction.

Alternate B would involve the ...


3-Archaeological Evaluation Of The M-66 Right-Of-Way, From M-46 In Montcalm County To M-20 In Mecosta County, Michigan, William Cremin, R. David Hoxie Jan 1980

3-Archaeological Evaluation Of The M-66 Right-Of-Way, From M-46 In Montcalm County To M-20 In Mecosta County, Michigan, William Cremin, R. David Hoxie

Archaeological Technical Reports

Following negotiation of a contract (dated 2 Jul 80) between the Michigan Department of Transportation, the Michigan History Division, Michigan Department of State, and Western Michigan University, authorizing archaeological investigation of the M-66 right-of-way between the Villages of Six Lakes and Remus, Michigan, a team of archaeologists from the Department of Anthropology undertook both on-site examination of the project area and a thorough literature/ documents search in order to determine whether road improvement activities would adversely impact significant cultural resources. There follows a report of our research program, together with a series of recommendations based upon our findings.

It should ...