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Articles 1 - 30 of 7793

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Agricultural Permanence In Large Asian Cities: A Case Study Of Nanjing, China, Gregory Veeck, Charles Emerson, Erik S. Breidinger Mar 2020

Agricultural Permanence In Large Asian Cities: A Case Study Of Nanjing, China, Gregory Veeck, Charles Emerson, Erik S. Breidinger

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Award (FRACAA)

Nanjing, the capital of China's Jiangsu Province, has grown rapidly during the post-reform era and the pace of change placed tremendous pressure on the city's arable land resources. This case study of land use/land cover change (LUC) in Nanjing's Jiangning district assesses changes in agricultural land, production, and labor within the ten 2016-era jiedao (sub-district political units) of Jiangning from 2000 to 2015. This case study provides an opportunity to assess an important component of the Ginsburg-McGee desakota hypothesis that predicts that Asian extended metropolis regions, unlike similar large cities in Western nations, will consistently maintain ...


Competencies Of Certified Nonprofit Professionals, Daniela C. Schroeter, Vickie Edwards Mar 2020

Competencies Of Certified Nonprofit Professionals, Daniela C. Schroeter, Vickie Edwards

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Award (FRACAA)

Funding was requested to identify research and evaluation competencies and related training needs among professionals in the nonprofit sector. The rationale for this study was to establish a research agenda in Nonprofit Management that draws on prior work in the area of evaluation competencies. To that end, the following research activities were implemented: (1) identify a database of Certified Nonprofit Professionals through coordination with the Nonprofit Leadership Alliance and the Association of Certified Nonprofit Professionals; (2) implement a web-based questionnaire; (3) analyze questionnaire data; (4) present findings at pertinent conferences; and (5) use findings to shape future curricula.


Cancer Health Disparities Among African Americans: A Socioecological Approach, Seth M. Spitzley Jan 2020

Cancer Health Disparities Among African Americans: A Socioecological Approach, Seth M. Spitzley

The Hilltop Review

Research shows that health outcomes are influenced by race or ethnicity, socioeconomic status, education and literacy levels, and the physical environment (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2014). The health statuses of minority groups, such as African Americans, are adversely impacted by inequality (Randall, 2009). In Kalamazoo, Michigan, the leading cause of death for all residents in Kalamazoo County was cancer, where black individuals have the highest death rate among any other racial or ethnic group. That African Americans comprise less than 11% of the population in Kalamazoo County thus suggests that African Americans are disproportionately impacted by ...


Scoping Review Of Interventions To Promote Social Participation In Adolescents And Young Adults With Neurodisability, Conall O'Rourke, Mark Linden, Gary Bedell Jan 2020

Scoping Review Of Interventions To Promote Social Participation In Adolescents And Young Adults With Neurodisability, Conall O'Rourke, Mark Linden, Gary Bedell

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Social participation, described as taking part in, being involvement and engaged with, and doing or being with others, is an important health outcome. Adolescents and young adults with neurodisability are often restricted in their social participation, particularly if they experience social and executive functioning challenges. A scoping review was conducted to examine interventions aimed at improving social participation in adolescents and young adults with neurodisability characterized by these challenges.

Method: The scoping review included peer-reviewed empirical studies published from 1990 to 2016 that employed psychosocial interventions to improve social participation in young people 13 to 24 years of age ...


Integrating Social Emotional Skill Development Throughout College Access Program Activities: A Profile Of The Princeton University Preparatory Program, Catherine M. Millett, Marisol J. C. Kevelson Jan 2020

Integrating Social Emotional Skill Development Throughout College Access Program Activities: A Profile Of The Princeton University Preparatory Program, Catherine M. Millett, Marisol J. C. Kevelson

Journal of College Access

In a prior study we demonstrated that college access program participants have positive views of the extent to which the program supports the development of their social and emotional skills and related college help-seeking behaviors in college. In this follow-up study, we explore the extent to which participant views vary by length of participation in the program in high school (i.e., dosage) and the extent to which alumni enrolled in college differ from college graduate alumni in their perceptions of the influences of the college access program. Results reveal that a multi-year college access program may influence different social ...


Refugee Camp Education: Hope, Gaps, And Barriers, Allyson Dykstra Dec 2019

Refugee Camp Education: Hope, Gaps, And Barriers, Allyson Dykstra

Honors Theses

The urgency to provide humane living conditions such as food, shelter, safety and education grows with the refugee population as temporary stays become more permanent. Refugees are staying longer in emergency arrangements, which appears to affect mental health, ability to hope, and sustainable coping mechanisms for these populations. With dissatisfactory conditions in camps, this paper intends to explore how refugees cope with their environment and in what ways needs are not being met, in order to explain the present condition of refugee health, their coping mechanisms, and how to combat it.


The Peaceful Transition Of Spain: How Authoritarianism Became Democracy, Emma Haiser Dec 2019

The Peaceful Transition Of Spain: How Authoritarianism Became Democracy, Emma Haiser

Honors Theses

The peaceful transition from authoritarianism under Francisco Franco to a democratic constitutional monarchy after Franco’s death stands as a critical juncture in modern Spanish history because of the uniqueness of the historical event. The transition occurred without direct foreign intervention to manipulate Spanish politicians into passing democratic legislation; instead, the transition was initiated by Francoist leaders who willingly enacted the regime’s change which undermined their initial place in society. The Spanish transition was caused by three main factors: societal opposition to the Francoist regime, democratic international influence, and progressive leaders taking office after Franco’s death. This paper ...


Childhood Trauma And Early Adult Engagement In Deviant Behavior: A Measure Of Experiential Avoidance And Impulsivity Association, Angelene Green Dec 2019

Childhood Trauma And Early Adult Engagement In Deviant Behavior: A Measure Of Experiential Avoidance And Impulsivity Association, Angelene Green

Honors Theses

Childhood trauma (CT) has been associated with early adult behavioral deviance (BD), as maintained by previous research. The current study examined experiential avoidance (EA) and impulsivity (IMP) as mechanisms through which childhood trauma and resulting behavioral deviance are related. Participants for the study included 588 students of Western Michigan University, comprised of both males and females. The participants ranged between the ages of 18 and 35. For data collection, participants completed an online survey through an online platform. Participants were directed to select responses in accordance with the variables of interest. For the purpose of identity preservation, the survey responses ...


Notes On Contributors, Molly Lynde-Recchia Dec 2019

Notes On Contributors, Molly Lynde-Recchia

Transference

No abstract provided.


A Selection From The Chieko Poems By Takamura Kōtarō, Leanne Ogasawara Dec 2019

A Selection From The Chieko Poems By Takamura Kōtarō, Leanne Ogasawara

Transference

No abstract provided.


Four Poems From House Of Razor Blades By Linda Maria Baros, Kathryn Kimball Dec 2019

Four Poems From House Of Razor Blades By Linda Maria Baros, Kathryn Kimball

Transference

No abstract provided.


An Axe Falling On A Blind Statue By Mohamed Fouad, Nina Youkhanna Dec 2019

An Axe Falling On A Blind Statue By Mohamed Fouad, Nina Youkhanna

Transference

No abstract provided.


Three Poems From Flowing Toward Serenity By Tan Xiao, Xinlu Yan Dec 2019

Three Poems From Flowing Toward Serenity By Tan Xiao, Xinlu Yan

Transference

Tan Xiao is a Chinese poet whose poetry examines the relationships between an individual and his or her family, traditions, and society as a whole. The language he uses is deceptively simple, but the poignant observations and insights ensure that his poetry is relevant and relatable. This article includes three poems by Tan and accompanying commentary.


Five Poems From Born Into By Uwe Kolbe, Louise Stoehr Dec 2019

Five Poems From Born Into By Uwe Kolbe, Louise Stoehr

Transference

Uwe Kolbe is one of the major German poets of his generation. Both part of the dissident scene in East Germany and, at the same time, fiercely independent, he early on reworked literary tradition, detailed observation, and personal experience into poems that clearly express his own poetic vision in a distinct voice. Born October 17, 1957, in East Berlin, Kolbe was drawn to writing at a young age. He published his first volume of poetry, Hineingeboren (Born Into), in the former German Democratic Republic in 1980 and in 1982 in West Germany. “Hineingeboren” has become Kolbe’s signature poem because ...


Autumn By Jules Breton, Sharon Fish Mooney Dec 2019

Autumn By Jules Breton, Sharon Fish Mooney

Transference

Translation of Autumn by Jules Breton with commentary.


Martial Vii.61 By Martial, George Held Dec 2019

Martial Vii.61 By Martial, George Held

Transference

No abstract provided.


Three Poems From The Blind Glassblower By Adam Fethi, Hager Ben Driss Dec 2019

Three Poems From The Blind Glassblower By Adam Fethi, Hager Ben Driss

Transference

No abstract provided.


The Love Letter Poetry Contest, Roselee Bundy Dec 2019

The Love Letter Poetry Contest, Roselee Bundy

Transference

This is a translation of eight sets of poems and responses (out of a total of twenty) from the The Love Letter Poetry Contest Held in the Imperial Court in 1102. It was held on the 2nd and 7th days of the intercalary 5th month of 1102 in the Japanese imperial court. For the event of the 2nd, men had sent to court women poems declaring their love, and the women responded with poems rebuffing them. For the event of the 7th, court women sent to the men poems complaining of the men’s inconstancy ...


The Shoulders And The Burden By Abdellatif Laâbi, Allan Johnston, Guillemette C. Johnston Dec 2019

The Shoulders And The Burden By Abdellatif Laâbi, Allan Johnston, Guillemette C. Johnston

Transference

English translation of poem by Moroccan poet Abdellatif Laâbi.


Four Prose Poems By Ramy Al-Asheq, Levi Thompson Dec 2019

Four Prose Poems By Ramy Al-Asheq, Levi Thompson

Transference

No abstract provided.


Three Poems By Umezaki Haruo, Erik R. Lofgren Dec 2019

Three Poems By Umezaki Haruo, Erik R. Lofgren

Transference

No abstract provided.


Liking Mozart By Chen Chia-Tai, Elaine Wong Dec 2019

Liking Mozart By Chen Chia-Tai, Elaine Wong

Transference

"Liking Mozart" is an English translation of a Chinese poem written by the Taiwanese poet Chen Chia-tai (1954- ).


Foreword, Molly Lynde-Recchia Dec 2019

Foreword, Molly Lynde-Recchia

Transference

No abstract provided.


Transference Vol. 7, Fall 2019 Dec 2019

Transference Vol. 7, Fall 2019

Transference

Complete issue with covers of Transference Vol. 7, Fall 2019


How Do Israelis And Palestinians Interpret Their Own Histories As Evidence That They Have Claim Over Israeli Held Territory?, Jacob Kubiak Dec 2019

How Do Israelis And Palestinians Interpret Their Own Histories As Evidence That They Have Claim Over Israeli Held Territory?, Jacob Kubiak

Honors Theses

The Israeli-Palestinian War over Israeli-held territories has been a major controversy for many years. The modern conflict has been raging on since 1948. This conflict has caused the displacement of 1.4 million Palestinians, uprooting them from what they believe to be their ancestral home. Along with this displacement, the conflict has caused infrastructural collapse and the rise of terrorist organizations within Israel and Palestinian territories. Both groups have their own evidence in claiming the Israeli-held territory, including archaeological history and ancient texts to argue that they are the rightful owners of this land. The narratives of land claim belief ...


The Effectiveness Of Oral Retelling As A Reading Comprehension Strategy For Elementary Students With Reading Delays, Brandi Michelle Fontenot Dec 2019

The Effectiveness Of Oral Retelling As A Reading Comprehension Strategy For Elementary Students With Reading Delays, Brandi Michelle Fontenot

Dissertations

Comprehension is an essential component of reading proficiency that produces long-term gains for learners. However, many upper elementary school-age children struggle with reading comprehension. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effects of a self-monitoring intervention on reading comprehension for three elementary school-age children with reading delays. Two studies were conducted. In Study 1, behavioral skills training was used to teach participants the elements of a story retell and how-to self-monitor their own story retells. In Study 2, a multiple baseline design across participants was used to evaluate the effects of self-monitoring on four dependent variables: a ...


Negotiating American Racial Constructs: First- Generation African Caribbean Immigrants’ Experience With Race, Rommel Johnson Dec 2019

Negotiating American Racial Constructs: First- Generation African Caribbean Immigrants’ Experience With Race, Rommel Johnson

Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to describe and understand what race means to first-generation African Caribbean immigrants. Specifically, the study seeks to understand these immigrants’ experience of being Black in America. African Caribbean immigrants migrate to America with a concept of race that is very different from that of the United States. However, upon arriving in America, they encounter the American construct of race that not only diverges significantly from that with which they are familiar, but find that they are being racialized in the American sense. In professional counseling, we have yet to understand the way these immigrants ...


Comparing The Results Of And Evaluating Preferences For Functional Analyses And Concurrent Operant Analyses, Marrisa B. Allen Dec 2019

Comparing The Results Of And Evaluating Preferences For Functional Analyses And Concurrent Operant Analyses, Marrisa B. Allen

Dissertations

It is recommended that a functional analysis (FA) be conducted before treating serious problem behaviors. However, it is not always feasible or desirable to do so. For example, the problem behavior may be too dangerous, or the setting may not allow procedures that evoke problem behavior. An alternative solution may be to identify reinforcers for adaptive behavior in order to develop a treatment plan to reduce problem behavior by increasing socially appropriate/adaptive behavior. Berg et al. (2007) evaluated whether the same social events identified as reinforcers for adaptive behavior by a concurrent operant (i.e., choice) analysis (COA) would ...


Attempts To Reduce Elopement Using Blocking, A Time-Out Procedure, And Differential Reinforcement, Sydney M. Harbaugh Dec 2019

Attempts To Reduce Elopement Using Blocking, A Time-Out Procedure, And Differential Reinforcement, Sydney M. Harbaugh

Dissertations

The current study was designed to replicate and extend the results of Harbaugh, Kohler & Malott, 2016, to decrease elopement and flopping by a child diagnosed with autism. The intervention in the present study consisted of a package combining differential reinforcement, response blocking, and a time-out procedure. Following successful reduction in the rate of elopement, a Behavioral Skills Training program was implemented with the child’s family to ensure generalization and maintenance of appropriate walking.


The Effects Of Self-Observation On Implementation Of Direct Instruction Reading Curricula, Katherine Mahaffy Dec 2019

The Effects Of Self-Observation On Implementation Of Direct Instruction Reading Curricula, Katherine Mahaffy

Dissertations

The current study evaluated the effects of structured self-observations on the rate and accuracy of learn unit presentations by graduate student tutors in a reading program. Four graduate students were trained to implement reading curricula using instructions, modeling, and the training manuals for reading curricula. Dependent variables were accuracy of antecedents, accuracy of consequences, and rate of learn units for the lesson. A secondary dependent variable was the rate of contingent social praise and token delivery during the lesson. During the intervention, tutors learned how to record learn units using the Teacher Performance Rate and Accuracy Scale (TPRA) and then ...