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Western Michigan University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 8000

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Association Between Social Support And Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms Among Survivors Of Betrayal Trauma: A Meta-Analysis, Vanessa Tirone, Daria Orlowska, Ashton M. Lofgreen, Rebecca K. Blais, Natalie R. Stevens, Brian Klassen, Philip Held, Alyson K. Zalta Mar 2021

The Association Between Social Support And Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms Among Survivors Of Betrayal Trauma: A Meta-Analysis, Vanessa Tirone, Daria Orlowska, Ashton M. Lofgreen, Rebecca K. Blais, Natalie R. Stevens, Brian Klassen, Philip Held, Alyson K. Zalta

University Libraries Faculty & Staff Publications

Background: Betrayal traumas have a particularly deleterious effect on mental health. Although social support is a robust predictor of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity, it is not clear what factors may impact this relationship among betrayal trauma survivors.

Objective: This study sought to describe the association between social support and PTSD symptom severity among survivors of betrayal trauma and examine whether methodological, sample, trauma, and social support characteristics moderated this association.

Method: A comprehensive search identified 29 studies that assessed the cross-sectional association between PTSD symptom severity and social support among 6,510 adult betrayal trauma survivors.

Results: The ...


Alchemical Word-Magic In 'The Winter’S Tale', Rana Banna Feb 2021

Alchemical Word-Magic In 'The Winter’S Tale', Rana Banna

Accessus

Within alchemical writing there is both a religious and scientific register in simultaneous coexistence. The linguistic symbols of alchemy are themselves to be understood as chemical matter embedded in the world by divine providence: a principle manifest in the doctrine of signatures. The natural world offers a complex but ultimately resolvable hermeneutic challenge to the natural scientist, whose job it becomes to be a reader of the book of nature wherein the Creator has inscribed a legible, if often allusive, meaning and purpose. This paper will proceed to explore how early modern alchemical-thinking impacted attitudes towards language and meaning in ...


Self-Reported Ptsd Symptoms And Social Support In U.S. Military Service Members And Veterans: A Meta-Analysis, Rebecca K. Blais, Vanessa Tirone, Daria Orlowska, Ashton Lofgreen, Brian Klassen, Philip Held, Natalie Stevens, Alyson K. Zalta Feb 2021

Self-Reported Ptsd Symptoms And Social Support In U.S. Military Service Members And Veterans: A Meta-Analysis, Rebecca K. Blais, Vanessa Tirone, Daria Orlowska, Ashton Lofgreen, Brian Klassen, Philip Held, Natalie Stevens, Alyson K. Zalta

University Libraries Faculty & Staff Publications

Background: The mental health burden of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is high in U.S. military samples. Social support is one of the most robust protective factors against PTSD and a recent meta-analysis indicates that this relationship is even stronger in military samples compared to civilian samples. Yet no meta-analyses have explored factors impacting this association in veterans and military service members (VSMs).

Objective: The current meta-analysis examined demographic, social support, and military characteristics that may moderate the relationship of PTSD severity and social support among U.S. VSMs.

Method: A search identified 37 cross-sectional studies, representing 38 unique samples ...


Examining Moderators Of The Relationship Between Social Support And Self-Reported Ptsd Symptoms: A Meta-Analysis, Alyson K. Zalta, Vanessa Tirone, Daria Orlowska, Rebecca K. Blais, Ashton Lofgreen, Brian Klassen, Philip Held, Natalie R. Stevens, Elizabeth Adkins, Amy L. Dent Jan 2021

Examining Moderators Of The Relationship Between Social Support And Self-Reported Ptsd Symptoms: A Meta-Analysis, Alyson K. Zalta, Vanessa Tirone, Daria Orlowska, Rebecca K. Blais, Ashton Lofgreen, Brian Klassen, Philip Held, Natalie R. Stevens, Elizabeth Adkins, Amy L. Dent

University Libraries Faculty & Staff Publications

Social support is one of the most robust predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Yet, little is known about factors that moderate the relationship between social support and PTSD symptom severity. This meta-analysis estimated the overall effect size of the relationship between self-reported social support and PTSD severity and tested meaningful demographic, social support, and trauma characteristics that may moderate this association using both cross-sectional and longitudinal effect sizes. A comprehensive search identified 139 studies with 145 independent cross-sectional effect sizes representing 62,803 individuals, and 37 studies with 38 independent longitudinal effect sizes representing 25,792 individuals. Study samples ...


Notes On Contributors, Molly Lynde-Recchia Dec 2020

Notes On Contributors, Molly Lynde-Recchia

Transference

No abstract provided.


On Tasso In Prison By Charles Baudelaire, Sharon Fish Mooney Dec 2020

On Tasso In Prison By Charles Baudelaire, Sharon Fish Mooney

Transference

Translation of and commentary on Baudelaire's "On Tasso in Prison," which is an ekphrastic poem after Delacroix's painting of the same name.


Four Poems By Toshiko Hirata, Eric Hyett, Spencer Thurlow Dec 2020

Four Poems By Toshiko Hirata, Eric Hyett, Spencer Thurlow

Transference

Translations of "Is It February?" "Is It March?" "Is It November Again?" and "Is It December Again?"


Lullaby By Rainer Maria Rilke And Amen By Georg Trakl, Wally Swist Dec 2020

Lullaby By Rainer Maria Rilke And Amen By Georg Trakl, Wally Swist

Transference

No abstract provided.


Drops From Black Candles By Abdallah Zrika, Mike Baynham Dec 2020

Drops From Black Candles By Abdallah Zrika, Mike Baynham

Transference

English translation of Abdallah Zrika's "Drops from black candles" accompanied by an essay on the translation process which includes consideration of Laâbi's French translation of the same poem.


While Dreaming, While Writing (Excerpt) By Max Alhau, Patrick Williamson Dec 2020

While Dreaming, While Writing (Excerpt) By Max Alhau, Patrick Williamson

Transference

A free rendering of Max Alhau's "While dreaming, while writing," with commentary. The original source text is included.


Corona By Paul Celan, David Capps Dec 2020

Corona By Paul Celan, David Capps

Transference

No abstract provided.


Five Poems By Michael Krüger, Louise Stoehr Dec 2020

Five Poems By Michael Krüger, Louise Stoehr

Transference

No abstract provided.


Two Poems By Charles Baudelaire, Arnold Johnston Dec 2020

Two Poems By Charles Baudelaire, Arnold Johnston

Transference

Arnold Johnston's translations of Baudelaire's "The Lovely Ship" and "Invitation to the Voyage."


Blue Crystal By Martha Hofmann, Paul J. Shlichta Dec 2020

Blue Crystal By Martha Hofmann, Paul J. Shlichta

Transference

A translation of a German poem by Martha Hofmann into English verse. The commentary includes a brief biography of Hofmann and a link to additional information.


Two Poems By Nohad Salameh, Susanna Lang Dec 2020

Two Poems By Nohad Salameh, Susanna Lang

Transference

Susanna Lang's translations of Nohad Salameh's "I Greet You, My Twin" and "Dance of the One/the Moon."


Four Sonnets By Feng Zhi, Emily Goedde Dec 2020

Four Sonnets By Feng Zhi, Emily Goedde

Transference

Translation of Feng Zhi's Sonnets 6, 12, 16, and 18 by Emily Goedde.


Six Poems By Safiye Can, Marilya V. Reese Dec 2020

Six Poems By Safiye Can, Marilya V. Reese

Transference

Translations into English of six pieces of poetry by Safiye Can, Circassian-German poet from Offenbach.

P.E.N member Safiye Can pronounced like John), award-winning and best-selling Circassian poet from Offenbach, is a German citizen. Can studied philosophy, psychoanalysis and law at the Goethe-Universität in Frankfurt am Main and is the recent recipient of two prestigious literary prizes (Else Lasker-Schüler Poetry prize and Alfred-Müller-Felsenburg Prize for Civil Courage in Literature). Can’s work examining the place of the individual in society reframes concepts of home and belonging. Safiye Can was featured at the 20th annual, week-long Leselenz, Germany’s ...


Persistence Of Memory After A Poem By Bashō, John Savoie Dec 2020

Persistence Of Memory After A Poem By Bashō, John Savoie

Transference

This piece merges a classic haiku of Bashō with a contemporary English poem, first as its own new creative piece, then contemplated further in the commentary.


Four Poems By Rainer Maria Rilke, Susan Mclean Dec 2020

Four Poems By Rainer Maria Rilke, Susan Mclean

Transference

Translations of four German poems from New Poems by Rainer Maria Rilke (1875-1926): "The Blind Man," "The Donor," "The Arrival," and "Lady on a Balcony."


From The Villa By Lucretius, James E. Fowler Dec 2020

From The Villa By Lucretius, James E. Fowler

Transference

"From the Villa" is an epistolary poem in hexameters whose argument is loosely based on the Lucretius's De Rerum Natura. It is addressed to Lucretius's putative dedicatee/patron Gaius Memmius, a contemporary politician and poet.


My Dear Double By Abdellatif Laâbi, Guillemette C. Johnston, Allan Johnston Dec 2020

My Dear Double By Abdellatif Laâbi, Guillemette C. Johnston, Allan Johnston

Transference

This translation of Abdellatif Laabi's poem "My Dear Double" is accompanied by an essay on the theme of the double in literature.


Foreword, Molly Lynde-Recchia Dec 2020

Foreword, Molly Lynde-Recchia

Transference

No abstract provided.


Transference Vol. 8, Fall 2020, Molly Lynde-Recchia Dec 2020

Transference Vol. 8, Fall 2020, Molly Lynde-Recchia

Transference

No abstract provided.


School Principals’ And Counselors’ Focus On College-Going: The Impact Of School Leader Expectations And Primary Counseling Goals On Postsecondary Education, Jungnam Kim, Rachel Louise Geesa, Kaylee Mcdonald Dec 2020

School Principals’ And Counselors’ Focus On College-Going: The Impact Of School Leader Expectations And Primary Counseling Goals On Postsecondary Education, Jungnam Kim, Rachel Louise Geesa, Kaylee Mcdonald

Journal of College Access

The purpose of this study was to examine how school counselors’ and principals’ primary counseling goals and expectations impact postsecondary enrollment in order to learn what best helps students achieve their postsecondary goals. It was found that school counselors’ expectations of students were positively related to students’ postsecondary education decisions. Further, it was found that principals’ primary school counseling goals regarding preparing students for postsecondary education was significantly related to an increase in students’ decisions to receive this education. These findings support existing evidence that school counselors’ high expectations and principals’ primary goals are crucial in promoting college-going culture, which ...


College 101: Sharing Experiences And Stories For Transformative Change, Christine Robinson Dec 2020

College 101: Sharing Experiences And Stories For Transformative Change, Christine Robinson

Journal of College Access

College 101 is powerful Pre-College Opportunity Program (PCoP) designed to expose at-risk high school students to the benefits of post-secondary education, to motivate them to stay in school, and to help them envision a future that includes post-secondary education. The unique features of College 101 include that it is grounded in the pedagogical approach of Real Talk (Hernandez, 2015), and that it is led mainly by College Positive Volunteers (CPVs). The goal of this study was to explore the experiences of at-risk high school students who engaged in the program at a mid-sized research university located in the Midwest. An ...


An Interdisciplinary Analysis Of Health Equity As Evaluated Through The Covid-19 Response Concerning French-Speaking Refugees., Margaret Henning Dec 2020

An Interdisciplinary Analysis Of Health Equity As Evaluated Through The Covid-19 Response Concerning French-Speaking Refugees., Margaret Henning

Honors Theses

A collaborative approach is needed to understand the multifaceted medical bias and inequalities experienced by refugee camps of Francophone (French-speaking) nations. A combination of interest and passion for anthropology, medicine, and the French language presents a unique window of intersectionality to analyze this issue. Through a comprehensive review of literature published in both English and French languages, and connections with directors and leaders of refugee camps located in France and French-speaking African nations, we have elucidated a few examples of alarming medical bias experienced by both refugees and migrants. Although an exhaustive list of medical bias could be presented on ...


Soft Power And Human Development In Central Asia, Cheryl White Dec 2020

Soft Power And Human Development In Central Asia, Cheryl White

Honors Theses

Due to the wealth of natural resources and the strategic geographic location of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, these two countries have attracted a significant amount of soft power investments, including foreign direct investment, non-government organizations, and infrastructure development. This paper compares the fluctuations in the soft power measurements to the levels of human development in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. The findings show highly similar changes in the amount soft power investments to the level of human development indicators, suggesting a strong correlation between the two measures. A methodological analysis and further data sets would be necessary to determine the connection though.


“Space For All?”: An Analysis Of Race, Gender, And Society In The Cult Classic Doctor Who., Liron Sussman Dec 2020

“Space For All?”: An Analysis Of Race, Gender, And Society In The Cult Classic Doctor Who., Liron Sussman

Honors Theses

Much like the Doctor, people are constantly growing and evolving, and it is out of a desire for human connection that people strive, always, to improve and as a long-running television program, Doctor Who reflects that desire for connection. This analysis explores race, gender, and society as portrayed in the modern series of Doctor Who (2005-).


A Phenomenological Study Of Faculty Members’ Experiences With Attempting To Integrate Religion And Spirituality Into Counseling Psychology Doctoral Training, Theresa M. Nutten Dec 2020

A Phenomenological Study Of Faculty Members’ Experiences With Attempting To Integrate Religion And Spirituality Into Counseling Psychology Doctoral Training, Theresa M. Nutten

Dissertations

Religion and spirituality (R/S) are two of several multicultural variables salient to some clients seeking counseling, therefore psychologists are expected to be sensitive to and respectful of R/S in professional duties (APA, 2017a; APA, 2017b). However, research has shown that the integration of topics of R/S into the training of psychology graduate students has been minimal at best (Brawer et al., 2002, Hage et al., 2006, Saunders et al., 2014; Schafer et al., 2011; Schulte et al., 2002; Vogel et al., 2013). There are potential logistical and personal barriers to the inclusion of religion and spirituality into ...


Three Essays On International Financial And Monetary Interactions, Kemal Burak Bekircan Dec 2020

Three Essays On International Financial And Monetary Interactions, Kemal Burak Bekircan

Dissertations

This dissertation develops three essays on safe haven currency behavior and international monetary interactions.

Essay one notes the dramatic appreciation of the U.S. dollar vis-à-vis all world currencies, along with its reversal after a year on the account of the Great Recession. This paper investigates bilateral U.S. dollar exchange rate movements during and in the aftermath of the Great Recession. I find that increasing global market uncertainty has a significant and consistent effect in strengthening of the U.S. dollar. This striking finding suggests flight-to-safety phenomenon of foreign investors, and repatriation of capital flows to the United States ...